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( 



I CATALOGUE 



I > 



OP 

SCIENTIFIC PAPERS 
1800-1900 



SUBJECT INDEX 



VOLUME III 



PHYSICS 

PART I 




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V 



CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS 

l^onlion: FETTER LANE, E.G. 

C. F. CLAY, Manager. 



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etbaSmttfy: 100. PRINCES 8TRBBT 

iSrrlin A. A8HEB AND CO. 

Eeip}tg: F. A. BBOCKHAUS 

iMto Vnfc- O. P. PUTNAM'S SONS 

Sombgg inH ealrotU: MACMILLAN AND CO., Ltd. 



All righU reserved 



EOYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON 



CATALOGUE 



OF 



SCIENTIFIC PAPERS 



1800-1900 



SUBJECT INDEX 
VOLUME III 

PHYSICS 

PART I 
GENERALITIES, HEAT, LIGHT, SOUND 



CAMBRIDGE : 
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS 

1912 



ARRANGED FOR A COMMITTEE OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY 
UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF 

HERBERT M^EOD, LL.D., P.R.8. 

DIRECTOR OF THE CATALOGUE 

with the assiBtance of 

ALICE EVERETT, M.A., R HARGREAVES, M.A., 
AND W. MARSHALL WATTS, D.Sc. 



y ^ ^ «^ '►z.^****^ ' L ^0C* — ^ .^ .' r r- 



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PREFACE 

TN the Preface to the Volume forming the Subject Index to the papers on 

Pure Mathematics for the nineteenth century, published in 1908, an outline 
of the history of the Royal Society's Catalogue of Scientific Papers is given ; 
it is not necessary to repeat that account. 

Volume II of the Subject Index, dealing with the papers on Mechanics, 
was published in 1909. 

The present volume deals with the papers on Physics, as classified in the 
schedule of the International Catalogue of Scientific Literature. As it was 
found that the number of entries in this subject was too large for a single 
volume, the Committee decided that it should be published in two Parts, the 
first volume containing the entries classed under Generalities, Heat, Light and 
Sound, and the second those on Electricity and Magnetism. Part I contains 
33344 entries referring to the papers contained in 1261 serial publications. 

This order differs from that of the International Catalogue, in which 
Sound follows Electricity and Magnetism ; the Registration Numbers are 
here retained, but the numbers 8990 to 9520, dealing with Sound, are inter- 
polated between 4470 and 4900. 

The Index titles were prepared in the same manner as those for Volumes 
I and II. Papers published from 1884 to 1900 inclusive were consulted by 
Referees familiar with the subjects, so that the Index titles were made from 
the contents of the papers and not merely from the headings. For the years 
from 1800 to 1883, it had been intended that the Index entries should be 
made firom the titles in the published twelve volumes of the Catalogue 
arranged according to Authors' names; but it has been found necessary in 
a large number of cases to refer to the original papers, as the headings of the 
papers were not sufficiently definite to enable the Referees to classify the 
contents. 

With the object of expediting the publication of the Physics volume, 
three of the Referees who assisted in the preparation of the Index titles 
were invited to help in sorting the slips for the Press. Mr R Hargreaves 



5^985 



PrefiEu^ 

undertook the section on Heat, Dr W. Marshall Watts that on Light and 
Miss Alice Everett that on Sound. 

The subjects are arranged under the registration numbers adopted in 
the International Catalogue of Scientific Literature ; a copy of Schedule C 
(Physics) of that Catalogue, as revised in 1905, is prefixed to the Index, with 
indication of the pages on which the titles for the different sections occur. 
It has occasionally been found convenient, in order to save repetition in 
printing, to group entries under a sub-heading which is not contained in the 
International Catalogue Schedule. Where this has been done the sub-heading 
is printed in italics. In some of these cases the words of the sub-heading 
are understood to exist before the entries following them, and consequently 
these entries commence with small letters. These minor classifications, being 
often made mechanically on the basis of the explicit mention of the sub- 
heading, are not to be taken as exhaustive; cognate entries may be found 
elsewhere under the same main heading. The unit of classification is thus 
the complete numbered heading. 

At the end of the volume will be found an alphabetical index to the 
subdivisions under which the subject titles have been arranged; this will 
much facilitate reference. The index also contains references to important 
subjects included within some of the subdivisions but without separate 
headings. 

The entries in the Index are arranged so that reference can be made, 
if necessary, to the complete titles in the Catalogue of Scientific Papers. 
Generally the author's name together with the date will indicate the volume 
in which the title of the paper may be found in full. But these clues are 
insufficient when the paper is anonymous, or occurs in Volume XII or in the 
additions to Volume VI. They are also at fault for titles marked with an 
asterisk showing that they belong to previous volumes; in these cases the 
number of the volume is given in the Index entry in small Roman numerals 
within brackets. The references have been made as short as possible ; thus 
the number of only the initial page of each paper has been given ; but the 
length of the paper may be found by reference to the Catalogue of Authors. 

When an error has been found in an author's name in the Catalogue, 
it is corrected in the Index and a reference made to the error. 

The Index contains references to some papers, of dates earlier than 1884, 
which were omitted in previous volumes of the Catalogue ; these are indicated 

vi 



Prefitce 

by an asterisk placed before the date. The full titles of these papers will be 
given in the continuation of the Catalogue of Authors. 

When an author's personal name does not appear in the original heading 
of a paper, no attempt has been made to find the name for the Index ; but 
this will be done for the Catalogue of Authors. 

Entries on the same subject are arranged, so far as possible, in order 
of date irrespective of the authors' names, with the endeavour to present 
the subject in the historical form. This grouping of the entries, involving 
modifications of titles prepared by diflFerent Referees, or by the same Referee 
at different times, has been one of the most difficult problems in the prepara- 
tion of the Index. 

The abbreviations used in the Royal Society Catalogue for the names 
of the serials have been further shortened for the Index. As the abbrevia- 
tions are not uniform in all the volumes, it will be found that the same 
journal may be indicated by several different abbreviations ; but in each case 
the one selected is that which was used in the volume in which the title of 
the paper occurs. 

In the case of serials commencing since 1883, the abbreviations adopted 
in the International Catalogue have been used as a guide. 

The list of serials will, as in the case of Pure Mathematics, be a valuable 
feature of the Index. It contains the names of 1261 serials from which the 
entries in the Index have been taken. Each title is preceded by the abbrevia- 
tion which represents the serial in the Index ; the date of commencement of 
the serial is given, and if it is extinct the date of the last volume is added* 
There are appended symbols representing the names of thirty British 
Libraries in some of which the serials may be found ; where the set is 
incomplete the symbol is followed by i. The information from which this 
list has been compiled was obtained, in the first instance, from published 
catalogues ; subsequently the list was submitted to the custodians of many 
of the libraries, who kindly marked many serials which had not been found 
in the catalogues used. The thanks of the Committee for this valuable 
assistance are due to Mr F. Jenkinson of the Cambridge University Library, 
the late Mr E. W. B. Nicholson and Mr F. Madan of the Bodleian Library, 
the Librarian of the Radcliffe Library, the Librarian of the Cambridge 
Philosophical Society, Mr F. W. Clifford of the Chemical Society, to Mr R. 
Lloyd Praeger for obtaining information from the five Libraries in Dublin, 

vu 



Preface 

Mr J. Hardy of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Mr C. V. Crook of the 
Qeological Museum, Mr Rupert Jones of the Qeological Society, Mr J. Knight 
of the Royal Philosophical Society, Glasgow, Mr F. C. Nicholson of the 
University, Glasgow, Dr J. H. T. Tudsbery of the Institution of Civil 
Engineers, Dr B. Daydon Jackson, and Mr A. W. Eappel of the Linnean 
Society, the Librarian of the London Mathematical Society, Mr J. W. 
Enapman of the Pharmaceutical Society, Mr £. W. Hulme of the Patent 
Office Library, Mr W. H. Wesley of the Royal Astronomical Society, 
Mr F. Allen of the Royal Geographical Society, Mr R W. Chambers of 
University College, London, Mr L. W. Fulcher of the Science Library, 
Science Museum, South Kensington, Dr W. N. Shaw, F.RS., Director 
of the Meteorological Office, and Mr V. G. Plarr, Librarian of the Royal 
College of Surgeons. 

Although much care has been expended in making this list as accurate 
as possible, it is probable that some errors will still be found, and the Director 
will be thankful to any one who will send corrections : portions of the list 
will be required for the subsequent volumes of the Index. 

The following Referees have assisted at various times in the preparation 
of the Subject Index in Physics: Miss Alice Everett, Miss Buma Pool, 
Mr R. J. Dallas, Mr W. A. Davis, Mr R. Hargreaves, Dr R. A. Lehfeldt, 
Mr W. Lowson, Mr H. E. Schmitz, Mr J. H. Shaxby and Dr W. Marshall 
Watts. The Committee is indebted to them for much valuable help. 

Dr W. Marshall Watts has given special assistance and supervision in 
the preparation of the Index titles. To him, and to Miss Bremner and the 
other members of the Catalogue Staff of the Royal Society, thanks are due 
for careful and conscientious work. 

The Committee is indebted to the authorities of the British Museum, 
of the Natural History Museum, of the Royal College of Surgeons, of the 
Patent Office and of the Meteorological Office for facilities given to the type 
writers and revisers of the Catalogue staff in copying titles of papers from 
the books in the libraries, and also to the Cambridge University Library, 
the Chemical Society, the Geological Society, the Linnean Society, the 
Royal Astronomical Society, the Royal Geographical Society and the Alpine 
Club for the loan of books for the preparation of the Catalogue. 

Besides these Libraries others have been consulted and the Committee 

gratefully acknowledges the assistance that has been received. 

... 
vui 



Preface 

The Committee desires to renew the record of its gratitude to the late 
Dr Ludwig Mond, F.RS., for his generosity in providing funds for carrying 
on the work of the Catalogue, in which he took so keen an interest. Without 
his help it would hardly have been possible to proceed with the Catalogue in 
its present complete form; by his decease the members of the Committee 
have been deprived of a stimulating colleague who had been active in the 
planning of the work almost from the beginning. 

The final section of the Catalogue of Scientific Papers arranged according 
to Authors* names, that for the period 1884 to 1900, is in active pre- 
paration. The material has now been all collected and it is hoped that 
the printing may soon be commenced. 

The Syndics of the Cambridge University Press have undertaken the 
complete risk of printing and publishing, as regards both the Catalogue of 
Scientific Papers and the Subject Index. It will be the care of the Com- 
mittee, and it is hoped of the Scientific world generally, to use their best 
endeavours that this public-spirited action shall not result in financial loss. 

The thanks of the Committee are due to the officials of the Cambridge 
Press for their unfailing courtesy in the discharge of a complex task. 



October^ 1912. 



tiU^ 



CONTENTS 

PAGE 

List of Serials ... ... ... ... zi 

Schedule op Classification ... ... xc 

Subject Index ... ... ... ... 1-550 

Index to Headings ... ... ... end 



ix a 5- 



SUBJECT INDEX OF PHYSICS 

LIST OF SERIAL PUBLICATIONS 

WITH THE ABBREVIATIONS OF THEIR TITLES USED IN THE INDEX, AND 
LIBRARIES WHERE THE SERIALS CAN BE CONSULTED. 

The date following the title of a serial indioates the year of pnblioation of the first volome ; 
if a second date is given it marks the termination of the serial. 

The letters following the dates indicate libraries where the serials are to be found: if the 
aerial is incomplete, the symbol of the library is followed by i. 



B.M. British Museum. 

Camb.P.S. Cambridge Philosophical Library. 

Camb.U. Cambridge University Libraiy. 

Chem.S. Chemical Society. 

Dub.N.L.I. NationalLibrary of Ireland, Dublin. 

Dub.R.C.S. Royal College of Science, Dublin. 

Dub.R J).S. Royal Dublin Society. 

I>ub.R.I.A. Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. 

Dub.T.C. Trinity College, Dublin. 

Edinb.R.S. Royal Society of Edinburgh. 

Edinb.U. Edinburgh University. 

GteoLM. (^logical Survey Museum, Jer- 

myn St. 
Qeol.S. Geological Society. 
Glasg.P.S. Royal Philosophical Society of 

Glasgow. 
Glasg.U. Glasgow University. 
I.CE. Institution of Civil Engineers, 

London. 



Linn.S. Linnean Society. 
Math.S. Mathematical Society. 
M.O. Meteorological Office, South 

Kensington. 

Natural History Museum. 

Bodleian, Oxford. * - * 
Oxon.B.(R.) Deposited in RadclifFe. 
Oxon.R. Radcliffe, Oxford. 

Pharmaceutical Society, London. 

Patent Office, London. 

Royal Astronomical Society. 

Royal College of Surgeons. 
R.Geogr.S. Royal Geographical Society. 
R.S. Royal Society. 

S.K. Science Museum Library, South 

Kensington. 
U.C.L. University College, London. _ ^- 



N.H.M. 
Oxon.B. 



Pharm.S. 
P.O. 
B.A.S. 
R.C.Surg. 



, Annales Agronomiques. . . . Paris. 

1861; 1876— B.M.; Chem.S.t.; Linn.S.; Oxon.B.; P.O.i.; R.S.i. 

Archiv der Medizin, Chinirgie, und Pharmaoie. Aarau. 

1816—17. R.S. 

Mittheilungen der Aargauischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. 

Aarau. 
1878— N.H.M. ; R.S.; S.K. 

O Annales de Chimie [et de Physique], ou Recueil de M^moires con- 

oemant la Chimie et les Arts qui en dependent. Paris. 
1789— B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.R.D.S.i. ; Dub.T.C.t. ; 
Edinb.R.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.f.(R.) ; 
Pharm.S.; P.O.; R.C.Surg.; R.S. ; S.K.; U.C.L. 

O. AnaL Annales de Chimie Analytique appliqu^e k I'Industrie, k rAgricul- 

ture, k la Pharmacie et k la Biologie. Paris. 
1896— Chem.S.t.; P.O. 
. OaBfl.Zi«op. H. Acta... Nova Acta physico-medica AcademisB Csbs. Leopoldino-CarolinsB 

Natur» Curiosorum. Erlangen, Bonn, Breslau. 
1758— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.R.S.i.; 
Edinb.U.; Geol.S.i. ; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.i. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.R.; 
Pharm.S.i.; R.A.S.i.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.i. 
See Ac Wt. O. H. Acta and Gmm, It9op, Ac W. Acta. 

Atti e Rendiconti dell' Accademia di Scienze, Lettere e Arti dei 

Zelanti e PP. dello Studio di Acireale. Acireale. 
1890— Camb.P.S.t.; Geol.S.i.; N.H.M.*.; R.S.i. 




XI 



List of Serial Publications 



Oond. Pon. OliaiiMi. 



A. Oons. Arts •t M^ 



• • • 1 1 



Am O. Flmi. 

AetaMtb 

Act. 8. Belv. . , 
A. das Se. 

A. d«r Bydroff. 

A.diO 

A. di Fm. • C. . 

A.d'OeiiL 

br. 

A«r. J. 

A«r. 8. Bp. .... 
A.O^B.ClT 

A. Oin. Be. Fb. 
A«. 8. J 

A. Hydros 

A. Bys. FbL.... 

u 

>■ ••• 
Alb. Z. T 



See Ac. Caes. Leop. IT. Acta and Caea. Leop. Ac. ST. Acta. 

Annales des Conducteurs des Fonts et Chauss6es; Becueil de 

Memoires, etc., concemant le Service de Conducteurs des Fonts 

et Chauss^es. Faris. 
1857— I.CE.t.; F.O. 

Annales du Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers. Faris. 
1861— B.M.; Camb.U. ; Glasg.F.S.i. ; I.CE.t.; Oxon.B.; F.O.; 

R.S.; S.K.t. 
See Par. A. Cons. 

Annalen der Chemie und Fharmacie. Lemgo, Leipzig, Heidelberg. 
1832— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.i.; Dub.B.C.S.i.; 

Edinb.B.S.t. ; Edinb.U. ; Glasg.F.S. ; Glasg.U.i. ; N.H.M. ; 

Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.i.; F.O.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
See Xdcb. A. 

Acta Mathematica. Stockholm. 
1882— B.M. ; Camb.F.S. ; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C. ; Edinb.B.S. ; 

Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Math.S.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S.; U.C.L. 
Actes de la Socic^t^ Helv^tique des Sciences Naturelles. Lausanne, etc. 
1825— B.M.i.; Edinb.B.S.i. ; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; S.K, 
See At. 8. Blvet., 8cli. Os. Vh. and Bth. Wf. Cta. Vb. 
Annaes das Sciencias, etc. por huma Sociedade de Fortuguezes 

residentes em Faris. Faris. 
1818—27. B.M.; Camb.U.t. 
See Par. A. das 8c. 
Annalen der Hydrograpbie und Maritimen Meteorologie. Heraus- 

gegeben von der Deutschen Seewarte in Hamburg. Berlin. 
1875— [Cofitinuation of: Hydrograpbische Mittheilungen, 1878 — 

74.] B.M.; M.O.; F.O.t.; B.Geogr.S. 
Annali di Chimica. Milano. 
1845 — 97*. [Continued as: Annali di Farmacoterapia e Chimica, 

1898—] B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Chem.S.i.; Fharm.S.t.; F.O.t. 
See PolU A. 

Annali di Farmacoterapia e Chimica. Milano, Bologna, etc. 
1898— [ContiniuUion of: Annali di Chimica, 1845—97.] B.M.; 

Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.; Glasg.F.S.i.; F.O. 
Annales d'Oculistique. Charleroi, Bruxelles, Faris. 
1838— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Oxon.B.t.; B.C.Surg. 
L'A^ronaute. Bulletin Mensuel Ulustr^ de la Navigation A6rienne. 

Faris 
1868—' B.M.i.; F.O.; S.K. 
The Aeronautical Journal. London. 
1H97— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; LCE.*.; F.O.; B.S. ; S.K. 
Annual Beports of the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain. London. 
1866-93. I.CE.t.; Oxon.B.; F.O. 
Annales du G^nie Civil ; BecueU de M6moires sur les Math^matiques 

pares et appliques; TAstronomio, la Chimie, la Fhysique, etc. 

Faris. 
1862-80. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.C.S.i.; I.CE. ; F.O. 
Annales gcin^rales des Sciences Physiques. Bruxelles. 
1819—21. Camb.U.; Glaag.U.; N.H.M.; B.C.Surg.; B.S. 
Journal of the Boyal Agricultural Society of England. London. 
1840— B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.T.C; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; 

Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; Oxon.B.; F.O.; 

B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
Annales Hydrographiques. Becueil d'Avis, Instructions, Docu- 
ments, et Memoires relatifs ii THydrographie et k la Navigation. 

Paris. 
1849— B.M.; Edinb.B.S.i.; M.O.i.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.i.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 

B.S.i. 
Annales d'Hvgiene publique [et de Mc^decine legale]. Paris. 

1829— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.F.S.i.; 
Glasg.U./. ; Oxon.B.; F.O.i. ; B.C.Surg. 

Memoires de rAcadcmie des Sciences, Agriculture, Arts et Belles- 

1819— i3.M.;"Dub.B.I.A.; N.H.M.i.; Oxon.B.i.; B.S.i. 
Transactions of the Albany Institute. Albany. 

1830— B.M.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K.i. 



Xll 



List of Serial Publications 

ALll.Mt.StBi Allgemeine Deutsche Naturhistorische Zeitong. Dresden, Leipzig, 

Hamburg. 
1846—47; 1855—57. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; R.S.; S.K.i. 

AlUar BU. 8. ibn. Bulletin de la Soci^t^ d 'Emulation du D^partement de PAllier: 

Sciences, Arts, et Belles-Lettres. Moulins. 
1846—64. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Oxon.B.; R.S. 

Annalen der Landwirthschaft in den K. Preuss. Staaten; herausg. 

vom Prasidium des £. Landes-Oecon.-Gollegiums. Berlin. 
1843—71. [Continued as: Landwirthschaftliche Jahrbiioher, 
1872—.] P.O. 

Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Cambridge, 

Boston. 
1785— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.i. ; Dub.R.I.A.t.; 
Dub.T.G.t.; Edinb.R.S.; Geol.S.t.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.R.; P.O.t.; R.A.S.; R.Geogr.S.i.; R.S.; S.K.i.; U.C.L.i. 
See Boat. Am. Ac BSm. 

Ae. P. Proceedings of the American Academy of Artsand Sciences. Boston. 

1846— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.R.D.S. 
Edinb.R.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.i.; Linn.S. 
Math.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; P.O.; R.A.S.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S. 
S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

AB.P. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of 

Science. Washington, Salem. 
1848— B.M.i.; Camb.P.S.i.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.I.A.; Edinb.R.S.i.; 
Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.i.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
Oxon.R.i.; P.O.; R.A.S.i.; R.C.Surg.i.; R.Geogr.S.i.; R.S.; S.K. 

O The American Chemist, a monthly Journal of theoretical Chemistry. 

New York. 
1871—77. Chem.S.i.; N.H.M. ; P.O.; Pharm.S.i.; S.K.i. 

C. ^. American Chemical Journal. Baltimore. 

1879— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.R.I.A.; Edinb.R.S.; 
Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.R.; Pharm.S.i.; P.O.; 
R.D. ; S.K. 

Wetgr, Annales de Micrographie, sp^ialement consacr^es k la Bact^riologie, 

aux Protophytes et aux Protozoaires. Paris. 
1888—98. Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R. 

0.8.^. The Journal of the American Chemical Society. New York, 

Easton, Pa. 
1879— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Chem.S.; Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.U.i.; 
N.H.M.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
Bns. 4fc BaUroad J, American Engineer and Railroad Journal. New York. 

1893 — [Continuation of: The Railroad and Engineering Journal 
1887-92.] B.M.; LCE.; P.O. 

Amlei O. Toac Giomale Toscano di Scienze Mediche, Fisiche, e Naturali; Amici, 

Bufalini, etc. Pisa. 
1840—43. B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Oxon.B. 
.... /M^moires de P Academic des Sciences, Agriculture, Commerce, 
.... < Belles-Lettres, et Arts du d^partement de la Sofnme. Amiens. 
....11835— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C.i. ; N.H.M.i. ; Oxon.B. i. ; 
... \ R.S.i. 

B. T. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers. 

Philadelphia, Easton, New York. 
1871— Geol.S.; I.CE.; P.O.; S.K. 

Annales des Mines, ou Recueil des M^moires sur I'exploitation des 

Mines, et sur les Sciences et les Arts qui s'y rapportent. Paris. 
1817 — [Continuation of: Journal des Mines, etc., 1794 — 1815.] 
B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.R.I.A.; Edinb.R.S.; Edinb.U.i.; 
Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.(B.); 
P.O.; R.S.; S.K. 

X. T. [Reports and Transactions] of the American Institute of the City of 

New York. Albany. 
1841— B.M.i.; LCE.i; P.O.i.; R.S.i. 

I. J. Kd. Be. American Journal of the Medical Sciences. Philadelphia. 

1827— B.M. ; Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.R. ; 
R.C.Surg.; U.C.L.i. 

9. Xth. American Journal of Mathematics. Baltimore. 

1878— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I. ; Dab.B.I.A. ; 

• • • 

Xlll 



List of Serial Publications 

Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.i.; Nfath.S.; 
Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.E.; U.C.L. 

J. Ot. The American Journal of Otology. New York. 

187d— 82. Glasg.P.S.t.; B.S. 

J. FliiB. American Journal of Pharmacy; published by the Philadelphia 

College of Pharmacy. Philadelphia. 
1836 — [Continuation of: Journal of the Philadelphia College of 
Pharmacy, 1830—35.] Chem.S.i.; Pharm.S.; P.O.i.; B.C.Surg.t. 

J. VsjehoL The American Journal of Psychology. Baltimore, Worcester, Mass. 

1888— B.M.; Edinb.U.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; U.C.L.i. 

J. Bo. The American Journal of Science and Arts; SiUiman. New Haven. 

1818— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I.t. ; 

Dub.B.C.S.t. ; Dub.T.C.i. ; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M. ; 

Oeol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Olasg.U.i.; I.CE.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.Qeogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.E. 

See millnmn J. 

Xor. J. The American Monthly Microscopical Journal. New York. 

1880— Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O. 

Mcr. 8. F Proceedings of the American Microscopical Society. Washington, 

Ithaca, N.Y. 
1892 — 94. [Continuation of: Proceedings of the American Society 
of Microscopists, 1878 — ^91.] [Continued as : Transactions of the 
American Microscopical Society, 1895 — .] Linn.S.; N.H.M. 

IBor. 8. T. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society. Lincoln, 

Buffalo. 
1896 — [Continuation of : Proceedings, etc., 1892 — ^94.] Glasg.U.t.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. 

Kd. Fh. B«8. The American Medical and Philosophical Begister or Annals of 

Medicine, Natural History, Agriculture and the Arts. New York. 
1810—14. B.M.; Edinb.U.i.; Geol.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; U.C.L. 

. Met. J. American Meteorological Journal. Detroit. 

1884—96. B.M.i.; M.O. 

The American Naturalist. An illustrated magazine of Natural 

ntliat I History. Philadelphia, Boston. 

11868— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.t.; 
( Geol.M.i.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.t.; S.K. 

. Opli. 0. T Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society. New York, 

Boston, Hartford. 
1865— Glasg.P.S.t.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg. 
Vlim. Aa.P. Proceedings of the American Pharmaceutical Association. Phila- 
delphia. 
1863— Pharm.S. 

P1&. 8. P. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. Philadelphia. 

1840— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb. 
B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; LCE.t.; Linn.S.; 
Math.S.t.; M.O.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.;B.A.S.; 
B.Geogr S. ; B.S.; S.K. ; U.C.L. 

Fli. 8. T Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. Philadelphia. 

1771— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.t.; 
Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 
B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.i. 
£fee Flillad. T. 

PoL J. The American Polytechnic Journal . Washington. 

1853—64. B.M.; P.O. 

8. OB. T. Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers. New York. 

1871— LCE.; P.O.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.i. 

8. Kor. P. Proceedings of the American Society of Microscopists. Indianapolis, 

etc. 
1878 — 91. [Continued as: Proceedings of the American Microscopical 
Society, 1892—94.] Linn.S.; N.H.M. 

JlK Jaarboek van de Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen gevestigd 

te Amsterdam. Amsterdam. 
1857— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.i.; 
Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.A.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.; 
B.S.; U.C.L.i. 
See Amst. Jb. 

xiv 



List of Serial Publications 

p. Koninklijke Akademie van Wetensohappen te Amsterdam. Pro- 
ceedings of the Section of Sciences. Amsterdam. 

1899— Gamb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; 
Edinb.B.S.; Olasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.(}eogr.S.; 
B.S. j S.K. 

Vli. Yerhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van W^tenschappen. 

Amsterdam. 

1854— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub.B.I.A.t. ; Edinb. 
B.S. ; Glasg.P.S.i. ; Olasg.U.t. ; Linn.S. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; 
B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.i.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.E.t. ; U.C.L.t. 

Vs. Yerslagen der Zittingen van de Wis- en Natuurkundige Af deeling der 

Koninklijke Akademie van Wetensohappen. 1893, 1894. [Con- 
tinuatum of: Yerslagen en Mededeelingen, 1853 — 92.] 

Yerslagen van de Zittingen der Wis- en Natuurkundige Afdeeling 
van de Koninklijke Akademie van Wetensohappen. 1895, 1896. 

Koninkli j ke Akademie van Wetensohappen te Amsterdam . Yerslagen 
van de Gewone Yergaderingen der Wis- en Natuurkundige 
Afdeeling. Amsterdam. 

1897— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; 
Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
Vs. K. Yerslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Weten- 
sohappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde. Amsterdam. 

1853 — 92. [Continued at: Yerslagen der Zittingen, etc., 1893—.] 
B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.; 
Glasg.U.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.i.; B.Geogr.S.; 
B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

See Amst. Vs. Ak. 
Wet. F. Processen-Yerbaal van de Gewone Yergaderingen der Koninklijke Aka- 
demie van Wetensohappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde. Amsterdam. 

1865—84. Dub.B.D.S.; Linn.S.t.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
X. Het Instituut. Amsterdam. 

1841—46. B.M.; Edinb.B.S.*.; S.K. 

jte! Ai.*::::::;::::::::} see Ammt. a^l. jh. 

Nieuwe Yerhandelingen der eerste Klasse van het Koninklijk Neder- 
landsche Instituut van Wetensohappen, Letterkunde, en Schoone 
Kunsten te Amsterdam. Amsterdam. 

1827—52. [Continuation of: Yerhandelingen, etc. , 1812—25.] B.M. ; 
Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
B.S.; S.K. 

Tijdschrift voor Natuurkundige Wetensohappen en Kunsten. 
Amsterdam. 

1810—11. Camb.P.S.; B.S. 
'•, Wt. Wat. Tijdschrift voor de Wis- en Natuurkundige Wetensohappen, Letter- 
kunde, en Schoone Kunsten te Amsterdam. Amsterdam. 

1847—52. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; Linn.S.; 
Oxon.B.; B.S. 

Yerhandelingen der Eerste Klasse van het Koninklijk Nederlandsche 
Instituut van Wetensohappen, Letterkunde, en Schoone Kunsten 

Ite Amsterdam. Amsterdam. 
1812 — 25. [Continued as: Nieuwe Yerhandelingen, etc., 1827 — 52.] 
B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K. 
See Asnmt, Ak. Vs. TKL 

Annali di Matematica pura ed applicata. . . ; Tortolini. Boma, Milano. 
1858— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C; Edinh.U.; 

Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.(B.); B.S.; U.CL. -'- 

See TortoUni A. ^ 

Annals of Mathematics. University of Yirginia. Charlottes*, ile, Ya. 
1884— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Math.S.t.; 

Oxon.B. ; S.K.t. 
The Analyst, including the Proceedings of the Society of Public 

Analysts. London. 
1877— B.M. ; Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.; Edinb.U.t.; Geol.S.t.; 

Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 
M^moires de TAcad^mie des Sciences et Belles-Lettres d' Angers. 
Angers. 

XV 



f 



List of Serial Publications 

1890 — 95. [Continuation of: M^moires de la Sooi^t^ Acad6miqae de 
Maine et Loire, 1857—83.] Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M. 

Angnrn 8. flc BIL Bulletin de la Sooi^t^ d*Etudes Scientifiques d' Angers. Angers. 

1872— B.M. ; N.H.M. 

A. HB. Annals of Natural History, or Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and 

Geology. London. 
1838 — 40. [Continuation of: Magazine of Zoology and Botany, 
1837 — 38.] [Continued as : Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 
1841—] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.B.G.S.; 
Dub.B.D.S. ; Dub.B.I.A. ; Dub.T.C. ; Edinb.B.8. ; Edinb.U.t. ; 
Geol.M. ; Geol.S.t. ; Glasg.U. ; Linn.S. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; 
Ozon.B ; P.O.*.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

Aahalt Vli. nt. Vt. Yerhandlungen des naturhistorischen Vereins fur Anhalt in Dessau. 

Dessau. 
1840—70. 

K4t.Fr. Annuaire M^t^orologique de la France. Paris. 

1849—52. [Continued as: Annuaire de la Soci^t6 M^t^orologi- 
que de France, 1853—] B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Glasg.U.*.; 
M.O.; B.S. 
See Tr. An. M4t. 

A. S. acd. Annales de la Soci^t^ de M^decine d'Anvers. Anvers. 

1841—56. Glasg.P.S.i.; B.S. 

J. Pbm. Journal de Pharmacie. Publi6 par la Soci6t6 de Pharmaoie 

d'Anvers. Anvers. 
1845— B.M.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t. 

I. J. The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and 

Ireland. London. 
1872— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.L; Edmb.B.S.; 
Edinb.U. ; Glasg.U. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; Oxon.B. ; B.C.Surg. ; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

kQM. Annales des Ponts et Chauss^s. M6moires et documents relatifs 

4 PArt des Constructions et au Service de Tlng^nieur. Paris. 
1831— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.t.; 

I.CE.; P.O.; B.S.i. 
See Par. A. Fon. OhanM. 

JL Fb. Annalen der Phyeik ; Drude. Leipzig. 

1900 — [Continuation of: Annalen der Physik und Ghemie, 
1824—99.] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; N.H.M.; Pharm.S.; 
P.O.; B.S.; S.K. ; U.C.L. 

A. Fa. C Annalen der Physik und Chemie ; Poggendorff , Wiedemann. Leipzig. 

1824—99. [Continuation of : Annalen der Physik; Gilbert, 1799— 
1824.] [Continued as : Annalen der Physik ; Drude, 1900 — ] 
B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C. 
Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.i. 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.(B.); Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.t. ; B.S. 
S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
See Foffff. A. 

A. Fb. O. 8«ibL Beiblatter zu den Annalen .... Leipzig. 

1877— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. ; U.C.L. 

Kor Archives d' Anatomic Microscopique. Paris. 

1897— B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B. 

FL Archiv fiir Anatomic, Physiologic, und Wissenschaftliche Medicin ; 

Miiller, Beichert, Du Bois-Beymond. Berlin. 
1834 — 76. [Continuation of: Archiv fur Anatomic und Physiologic, 
1826— 32.] [ Continued as : Archiv fiir Anatomic und Physiologie, 
1877—] B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U,; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K. ; U.C.L. 
See MiiUer Arch, and Baleliert Ardi. 
FL {An»Ab,)... Archiv fiir Anatomic und Physiologie. Anatomische Abtheilung. 

Archiv fiir Anatomic und Entwickelungsgeschichte. Leipzig. 
1877 — [Continuation of: Archiv fiir Anatomic, Physiologie, und 
Wissenschaftliche Medicin, 1834—76.] Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U. ; 
Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.i. ; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; 
S.K. ; U.C.L. 

xvi 



List of Serial Pablications 

FL {PI, Ab.) ... Archly fiir Anatomie and Physiologie. Phjsiologisohe Abtheilung. 

Archiv fiir Physiologie. Leipzig. 
1877 — [Continuation of: Archiv fiir Anatomie, Physiologie, and 
Wissenschaftliche Medicin, 1834^76.] Camb.P.S. ; Gamb.U. ; 
Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.t.; B.C.Sarg.; B.S.; S.E.; U.G.L. 
,... Archiv fUr Aagenheilkunde. Wiesbaden. 

1879 — [Continuation of: Archiv fiir Aagen- and Ohrenheilkunde, 
1869—78.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t. 

Avtfh. dm I'AlAotr. Archives de TElectricit^ ; A. de la Bive. Oendve. 

1841—45. B.M.; Camb.U.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.t. 

d« n. Archives de Physiologie normale et pathologiqae. Paris. 

1868—98. [Continuation of: Joamal de la Physiologie, 1858—65.] 
[Continued as : Journal de Physiologie et de Pathofogie G<§n^rale, 
1899—] B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Ozon.B. ; 
B.C.Surg.; B.S.; U.C.L. 

t. Opih. Archiv fiir Ophthalmologie. Berlin, Leipzig. 

1864— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Sarg.; 
B.S.t. 
.... Archives G^n^rales de M6decine. Paris. 

1823— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.i.; 
Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg. 
.... Archiv fur Hygiene. Miinchen, Leipzig. 

1883— Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; 
Ozon.B. ; P.O.t.; B.C.Surg. 
.... Archives de Mddecine Ezp^rimentale et d' Anatomie Pathologiqae. 
Paris. 
1889— Camb.U.t.; Edinb.U.; Gla8g.U.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Sarg.; B.S. 
.... Archives de M^ecine Navale. Paris. 

1864— B.M.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C.Sarg. 
... Archives de M^ecine et de Pharmacie Milltaires. Paris. 

1883— [Continuation of: Becueil de M^moires de M^decine, de 
Chirurgie, et de Pharmacie Militaires, 1815—82.] B.M.; 
B.C.Surg.t. 
.... Archiv fiir mikroskopische Anatomie. Bonn. 

1865— B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U. ; Dub.B.D.S. ; Edinb.U. ; 
Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; 
U.C.L. 

.... Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab. Kristiania. 

1876— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.t.; 
Math.S.t. ; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t. ; B.S. 
.... Archiv der Mathematik und Physik ; Grunert. Greifswald, Leipzig. 
1841— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub.B.C.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Glasg.U.; Math.S.t.; Oxon.B.(B.); B.S.; U.C.L.i. 
See Omnert Areli. 
.... Archives N^rlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles. La Haye, 
Harlem. 

1866— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.I.A. 
Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S. 
Glasg.U.t. ; Linn.S. ; Math.S. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; P.O. 
B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

.... Archiv fiir Ohrenheilkunde. Wiirzburg. 
1864— B.C.Surg. 

Azeli. Opb. Archives of Ophthalmology. New York. 

1879 — [Continuation of : Archives of Ophthalmology and Otology, 
1869—78.] B.M.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg. 

Arch. Opb* <H. Archives of Ophthalmology and Otology. New Tork. 

1869—78. [Continued as : Archives of Ophthalmology, 1879 — , and 
Archives of Otology, 1879—] B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 
Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg. ^^^ 

Ot. Archives of Otology. New York. ■^^^'^ 

1879 — [Continuation of: Archives of Ophthalmology and Otology, 
1869—78.] B.M.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg. 

Archiv des Apothekervereins im ndrdlichen Teutschiand. Archiv 

der Pharmacie. Schmalkalden, Lemgo, Hannover, etc. 
1822— Chem.S.t.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.t. 

Archives of Science and Transactions of the Orleans County 

Society of Natural Sciences. Newport, U.S. 

xvii 



List of Serial Pablicatioiis 



I 



1870—74. B.M.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t. ; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; 

B.S. 
Biblioth^ue Universelle. Archives des Sciences Physiques et 

NatureUes. Geneve. 
1846— [Continuation of: Bibliothdque Universelle des Sciences, 

etc., 1816—46.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dab.N.L.Lt. ; 

Dub.B.D.S.i.; Dub.B.l.A.t. ; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; 

I.GE.i.; M.O.f.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 

B.S. ; S.K. 
See Bb. Vn. Arch. 

Archives de Zoologie Ezp^rimentale et G^n^rale. Psjris. 
1872— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I. ; Dub.B.D.S. ; Edinb.B.S.; 

Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; 

Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
M^moires de Physique et de Chimie de la Socidt^ d'Arcueil. Paris. 
1807—17. B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 

Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K. 
Anales de la Sociedad Cientlfica Argentina. Buenos Aires. 
1876— B.M.t.; I.CE.t.; N.H.M. 
Naturkundig Tijdschrift, inhoudende Phijsica, Chemie, Fharmaoie, 

Natuurlijke Historic en Literatuur. Amhem. 
1843—60. N.H.M. 
M^moires de la Soci6t6 Boyale d' Arras, pour PEncouragement des 

Sciences, etc. Arras. 
1817— Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Oxon.B.t. 
L* Astronomic. Bevue d'Astronomie populaire, de M^t^rologie et de 

Physique du Globe. Paris. 
1882—94. B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Edinb.BTS^ B.A.S.; B.S.t. ; 

S.K. 
Astronomy and Astrophysics. Northfleld, Minn. 
1892—94. [Continuation of: The Sidereal Messenger, 1888—91.] 

[Continued as: The Astrophysioal Journal, 1895 — ] B.M. ; 

Camb.P.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I.t. ; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K. 
Annali delle Scienze del Begno Lombardo-Veneto. Padova, Venesia. 
1831—45. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C.t.; Oxon.B. 
Annales des Sciences NatureUes, comprenant la Physiologic animale 

et veg^tale, I'Anatomie compar^e des deux r^gnes, la Zoologie, la 

Botanique, la Min^ralogie et la Geologic. Paris. 
1824— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C; 

Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.Aff.; Oxon.B.; 

Pharm.S.t.; P.O.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.8.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Association FrauQaise pour PAvancement des Sciences. Compte 

Bendu. Paris, etc. 
1872— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; 

Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; 

B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.; S.K. 
Abstracts of the Proceedings of the Ashmolean Society. Oxford. 
1844—81. Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
Transactions of the Ashmolean Society. Oxford. 
1834—76. Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon. 

B.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
The Astronomical Journal. Boston. 
1851—61 ; 1888— B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; 

B.A.S. ; B.S.t.; S.K. 
See Oonld As. J. 

Astronomische Nachrichten ; Schumacher. Altona. 
1823— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.t. ; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.t.; 
Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; Oxon.B.(B.); B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 
The Astrophysioal Journal. Chicago. 

1895 — [Continuation of: Astronomy and Astrophysics, 1892 — 94.] 
B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub.B.D.S.; Glasg.U.; 
Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Asiatick Besearches; or Transactions of the Society, instituted in 
Bengal, for inquiring into the History and Antiquities, Arts, 
Sciences, and Literature of Asia. Calcutta. 
1788—1836. B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S*; 

xviii 



\ 
I 



lost of Serial Publications 



•.ILBTot.. 



•.PacFb.. 

A.T^ 

At«l.Xt. 

AthknmB Obs. Mat. 

fle.Xt. 

A.BlT«t. 

S. 

S. Aff. 

Angtih, irt. 1^. B. 



Glasg.U.i. ; I.GE.i. ; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Ozon.B. ; Oxon.B. ; 
B.A.S.; B.G.Sarg.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Memoirs of the [Boyal] Astronomical Society of London. London. 

1822— B.M.; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U.; Ghem.S.i.; Dub.B.LA.; 
Dub.T.C. ; Edinb.B.S. ; Edinb.U. ; Oeol.S. ; Glasg.P.S.t. ; 
Glasg.U. ; LCE.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.i.; B.A.S.; B.GkK>gr. 
S.i.; B.S.; S.K.i.; U.C.L. 

Monthly Notices of the [Boyal] Astronomical Society of London. 

London. 
1827— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.LA.; 

Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; 

Oxon.B. t.; Oxon.B. t. ; P.O.t. ; B.A.S. ; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S. ; 

S.K.i.; U.C.L. 
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. San 

Francisco. 
1889— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; B.A.S.; B.S.t. 
The Assurance Magazine and Journal of the Institute of Actuaries. 

London. 
1830 — 67. [Continued as: Journal of the Institute of Actuaries, 

1869—] B.M. ; Camb.U.t. ; Edinb.B.S.i. ; Geol.S.i. ; B.A.S.i. ; 

B.S.t.; U.C.L.i. 
Annales T^l^aphiques, publics sous le patronage du Directeur 

G6n6ral des Lignes T^l^graphiques. Paris. 
1855— B.M.i.; Camb.U.i.; I.CE.i.; P.O. 
L' Ateneo Italiano. Parigi. 
1853—54. B.M.; Glasjg.P.S.i.; B.S.; U.C.L. 
Annales de PObservatoire National d'Athdnes. Ath^nes. 
1896— Edinb.B.S.; M.O.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
Biunione degli Scienziati Italiani. Atti. Pisa, etc. 
1839—75. B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
Atti della Societa Elvetica delle Scienze Naturali. Lugano. 
1833, 1860. N.H.M.; S.K. 

See Act. 8. Belv., Sell. Os. Vb., and Sell. Iff: Os. Vb. 
M^moires de la Soci^t^ [Acad^mique] d'Agriculture, des Sciences, 

et des Lettres du d^partement de I'Aube. Troyes. 

1823— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.T.C.i.; Oxon.B.; B.S.t. 

Bericht des Naturhistorischen [Naturwissenschaftlichen] Vereins in 

Augsburg. Augsburg. 
1848— Dub.B.LA.i; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S.i. 
Das Ausland. Miinchen, Stuttgart. 

1828—93. B.M.; Camb.U.i.; N.H.M.i.; Oxon.B.i.; B.Geogr.S.t. 
Beport of the Meeting of the Australasian Association for the 

Advancement of Science. Sydney. 
1888— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.LA.; 

Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.i.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.i.; 

Linn. S.i. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.i.; P.O.; B.A.S. ; 

B.Geogr.S.; B.S. ; S.K. 
Annales Scientifiques, Litt^raires, et Industrielles de PAuvergne, 

publi^es par 1' Academic des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts de 

Clermont-Ferrand. Clermont-Ferrand. 
1828 — 58. [Continued as: M^moires de 1* Academic, etc., 1859 — ] 

B.M. ; Camb.U.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 



.b. Wf, Os. B Bericht des Naturf orschenden Gesellschaf t zu Bamberg. Bamberg. 

1852— N.H.M. 

BL Boletin de la Beal Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona. 

Barcelona. 
1840—42; 1892— N.H.M. 

ICm. Memorias de la Beal Academia de Ciencias Naturales y Artes de 

Barcelona. Barcelona. 
1876— N.H.M. 

;p. Beport of the Meeting of the British Association for the 

Advancement of Science. London. 
1831— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.B.D.S.; 
Dub.B.LA.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U,; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; 
Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; LCE.; Linn.S.; M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.i.; 
Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.i.; P.O.; B.A.S. ; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; 
B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 



XIX 



> •••• < 



List of Serial Publications 

Barrow Natoralists' Field Club and Literary and Scientifio 

Association. Annual Report and Proceedings. Barrow. 
1877— B.M.; Camb.U. ; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; Ozon.B.i. 

Bericht fiber die Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Oesellsohaft 

in Basel. Basel. 
1835-52. B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.T.C; Oeol.S.t.; Linn.S. ; 
N.H.M.; B.S. 

Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel. Basel. 

1857— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; 
Dub.B.LA.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb.B.S. ; Geol.S.; Linn.S.; 
N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

Yerhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap der Kunsten en 

Wetenschappen. Batavia. 
1778— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.^.*.; Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
Linn.S. i.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; B.Geogr. S.t.; B.S. 

Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch-XndiS. Batavia. 

1850— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t. ; Linn.S.; N.H.M. ; 
B.A.S.t.; B.S.i.; S.K.i.; U.C.L.t. 
0. J. Journal of the Bath and West of England Society for the Encourage- 
ment of Agriculture, Arte, Manufactures and Commerce. Bath. 
1853— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Geol.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; 
S.E. 

Zeitschrift fiir Physik, Mathematik, und verwandte Wissenschaften ; 

Baumgartner und von Ettingshausen. Wien. 
1826—42. B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Oxon.B.».(B.); B.S.i.; U.C.L.t. 

M^moires de la Soci^t^ d' Agriculture, Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres 

deBayeux. Bayeux. 
1842— B.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.t. 

Bb. Brit. Biblioth^ue Britannique, ou Becueil extrait des Ouvrages Anglais 

p^odiques et autres : partie des Sciences et Arts. Geneve. 
1796—1815. B.M.; Edinb.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S. 

Bb. Zt. Biblioteca Italiana, ossia Giomale di Letteratura, Scienze, etc. 

Milano. 
1816—56. B.M.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Oxon.B. 

Bb. BItli. Bibliotheca Mathematica. Stockholm, Leipzig. 

1887— B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.S. ; 
S.K.t. ; U.C.L. 

Bb. XfUm Biblioth^ue Universelle des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts, faisant 

suite k la Biblioth^que Britannique r6dig^ k Gendve. Partie des 
Sciences. G^n^ve. 
1816 — 45. [Contintied a» : Archives des Sciences Physiques et 
Naturelles, 1846—] B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; 
Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; 
B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.E. 

Bb. Vn. ArOh. Biblioth^ue Universelle. Archives des Sciences Physiques et 

Naturelles. Geneve. 
1846 — [Continuation of: Biblioth^que Universelle des Sciences, 
etc., 1816 — 15.] B.M. ; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t. ; Dub.N.L.l.t. ; 
Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.LA.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; 
l.CE.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 
B.S.; S.E. 
See Arob. So. 7s. ITt. 

B«lflurtHB. S.7 /Beport and Proceedings of the Belfast Natural History and Philo- 

BolflMt HB. B. Bp. * 7. I sophical Society. Belfast. 

<1852— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.N.L.L; DabJELD.8.; Dub.T.C; 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.8.<.; N.H.M.; P.O.t.; 
I B.A.S. 

;, As. 0. J. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Odeattft. 

1832— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Dii^B.D.8.; Diib.B.I.A.; 
Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; Glaig.U.i.; LCB.i.; Linn.S.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; 8.K.; U.C.L. 
See Bsntf. J. As. 8. 

8. P. Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bingsl. Oaleotla. 

1865— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; I>ab.T.C.; Edinb.B.S.t.; 
Edinb.U.i.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U.<.; I.GE.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.SU.; R.8.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

C J. As.8. See "Bmim. Am, B. J, 

Jb. Berg- und HiittenmlinniBches Jahiteoh dsr k.k. Schemnitzer- 

XX 



List of Serial Publications 



Btff. 



Bb, 



A.T«L. 



ChmiHiamt. 






VOL. III. 



fiergakademie und der k.k. Montan-Lehranstalten zu Leoben 

und Pribram. Wien. 
1861— B.M.f.; Geol.S.t.; I.CE.t.; P.O.i.; S.K. 
See Jb. B«rs-Bm.y &«ob«ii B«rs-Biii. Jh». and "Wimn B«rs- 

Bm. Jb. 
Berg- and Htittenmannische Zeitang; mit besonderer Beriicksioh- 

tigung der Mineralogie und Oeologie; Hartmann. Nordhausen, 

Leipzig, 
1842— B.M.; I.CE.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.; S.K. 

(Abhandlongen der Kdniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu 
Berlin. Berlin. 
1804— B.M.; Gamb.P.S. ; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Edinb.U. ; Oeol.M.i.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U. ; Linn.S.t. ; N.H.M. ; 

Oxon.B; Oxon.B. ; P.O.t. ; B.A.S.t. ; B.G.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.t. ; 

B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 
Monatsberichte der E. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu 

Berlin. Berlin. 
1856—81. [Cantinuatiofiof: Berichte, etc., 1836— 55.] [Continued 

as: Sitzungsberichte, etc., 1882 — ] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; 

Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb.B.S.; 

Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; 

B.8.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
See B«rL Mb. 
Sitzungsberichte der K. Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 

zu Berlin. Berlin. 
1882— [Continuation of: Monatsberichte, etc., 1856—81.] B.M. ; 

Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub,a.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; 

Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; 

Glasg.U.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; Math.S.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; 

Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.^; B.S.; S.K.; 

U.C.L. 
Annalen der Telegraphic. Berlin. 
1872. Glasg.P.S.t.; P.O. 
Bericht iiber die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhand- 

lungen der E. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. 

Berlin. 
1836—55. [Continued a$: Monatsberichte, etc., 1856— 81.] B.M.; 

Dub.B.LA.t. ; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; 

N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 

B.S. ; S.E. 
Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft. Berlin. 
1868— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.L; Glasg. 

P.S.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; B.C. 

Surg.t.; B.S.; S.E.; U.C.L.t. 
See B. O. Cta. B. 

Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft fiir Erdkunde zu Berlin. Berlin. 
1873— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.LA.t.; Dub.T.C; 

Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.E. 
Arbeiten aus dem Eaiserlichen Gesundheitsamte. Berlin. 
1886— [Continuation of: Mittheilungen, 1881—84.] Camb.U. ; 

Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; 

B.S. 
Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, fur 

die neuesten Entdeckungen in der gesammten Naturkunde. 

Berlin. 
1807—18. B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 

Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S. 
Neue Schriften der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu 

Berlin. Berlin. 
1795—1803. B.M. ; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; 

S.E. 

See B«rL Ak. lib. 

'M^moires de 1' Academic Boyale des Sciences de Berlin. Berlin. 
1770—1804. B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb. 

B.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; 

S.E.; U.C.L. 

xxi b 



List of Serial Pablications 

Mittheilungen aus den Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft Natar- 

forschender Freande zu Berlin. Berlin. 
1836—39. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; Ozon.B.; B.S. 
Mt^TTmBbm Sitzongs-Berichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu 

Berlin. Berlin. 
1860- B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.t.; S.E.t. 

B«rt. FoL Cta. Vh. Verhandlungen der Poly technischen Gesellschaft. Berlin . 

1851— [Continuation of: Berichte, etc., 1839—51.] B.S.t. 

PAL Cta. Vort. Yortrage in der Polytechnischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin. Berlin. 

1864—55. Glasg.P.S.t.; B.S. 

Verhandlungen der Phjsikalischen Gesellschaft in Berlin. Berlin. 
1882 — 98. [Continued as: Verhandlungen der Deutschen Phjsik- 
alischen Gesellschaft, 1899 — ] Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Glasg.U.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen der Physlkalisch-Teohnisohen 

Beiohsanstalt. Berlin. 
1894— Camb.P.S ; Gamb.U.t.; Chem.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.t.; 

P.O.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Beobachtungs-Eiigebnisse der Konigliohen Stemwarte zu Berlin. 

Berlin. 
1881— B.A.S.; B.S. 
B«rLT«Ll^. X. Zeitschrift des Deutsch-Oesterreichischen Telegraphen-Verelns. 

Herausg. in dessen Auftrage von der E. Preuss. Telegraphen- 

Direction. Berlin. 
1864—69. I.CE.; P.O. 
See B«vl. S. T«L and T«L Vie. Z. 

Vlft. WUL 0«. Verhandlungen der Berliner Medicinisohen Gesellschaft. Berlin. 

1865— B.C.Surg.t. 

B. IML See B«xL T«L Vr, Z. and T«L Vr, Z. 

■Kt. Mittheilungen der Naturf orschenden Gesellschaft in Bern . Bern. 

1843— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S.t. ; Dub.B.I.A.t. ; Edinb. 

B.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.E. 
MimUaem 8. So. BU. Bulletin de la Soci6t6 d'^tude des Sciences Naturelles de Briers. 

B4ziers. 
1876— N.H.M.; B.S.t. 

Proceedings of the Birmingham Philosophical Society. Birmingham. 
1876— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; 

Edinb.B.S.;Edinb.U.t.;Geol.M.;Glasg.P.S.;Glasg.U.;Linn.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; 

U.C.L.t. 

CRk Biologisches Centralblatt. Erlangen, Leipzig. 

1881— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U. ; Glasg.P.S.t.; 

Glasg.U. ; Linn.S. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; Oxon.B. ; B.C.Surg. ; 

B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Bulletin Astronomique public sous les Auspices de PObservatoire de 

PfliFis Pfljris 

1884— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; S.E. 
81L nun. Bulletin de Pharmacie ; Parmentier, etc. Paris. 

1809—14. [Continued as : Journal de Pharmacie, 1816 — 41.] B.M.; 

Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S. 
Bulletin Scientifique de la France et de la Belgique. London, Paris, 

Berlin. 
1888 — [Continuation of: Bulletin Scientifique... du Nord et des 

pays voisins, 1869 — 87.] Camb.U. ; Glasg.P.S.t. ; Linn.S. ; 

N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. 
Bulletin des Sciences Math^matiques. Paris. 

1885 — [ContiJiuation of: Bulletin des Sciences Math^matiques et 
Astronomiques, 1870—84.] Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; 
Glasg.U.; Math.S.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.E.; 
U.C.L. 

Bulletin des Sciences Math^matiques et Astronomiques. Paris. 
1870 — 84. [Continued as: Bulletin des Sciences Math^matiques, 
1885^] B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.; Math.S.; 
Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.; S.E.; U.C.L.t. 

BIL So. Mofd. Bulletin Scientifique, Historique et Litt^raire du D^partement da 

Nord et des pays voisins. Lille. 

xxii 



List of Serial Publications 



IMthm Qm. 



8.BId. 



1869—87. [Continued <u: Bulletin Boientifique de la France et de 
la Belgique, 1888—] Camb.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M. 

V. It. Bnllettino del Valcanismo Italiano. Boma. 

1874—97. Camb.U.; Geol.M.; Gla8g.P.S.», 

Jb. / Astronomisches Jahrbuch, nebst einer Sammlong der neuesten in 

8od« Jb. die astronomischen Wissenschaften einschlagenden Abhand- 

longen, Beobachtungen, and Naohrichten; Bode. Berlin. 
1776—1829. Dub.T.C.t.; Glasg.U.; B.A.S.; B.S.i. 

<Hl Ab. Abhandlungen der K. Bdhmischen Ciesellschaft der Wissenschaften. 

Prag. 
1785—1892. B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb. 
B.S.t. ; Linn.S.t. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; Oxon.B. ; B.C.Surg.t. ; 
B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
See Pns Ab. 
,... Jahresbericht der Kdnigl. Bdhm. Gesellsohaft der Wissenschaften. 
Praff. 
1876— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Edinb.B.S.i. ; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; 
B.S. 

(Memorie della Accademia delle Scienze dell' Istituto di Bologna. 
Bologna. 
1850— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 
Z. It. Memorie dell* Istituto Nazionale Italiano: Classe di Fisioa e di 

Matematica. Bologna. 
1806—13. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.t. 
Memorie della Society Medica di Bologna. Bologna. 
1807. Olasg.P.S.u 
Nuovi Annali delle Scienze naturali ; Alessandrini, Bertolini, 

Gherardi, e Banzani. Bologna. 
1838-54. Camb.U.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 

B.S. 
See ir. A. 8o. ITt. 
Novi Commentarii Academiss Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis. 

BononisB. 
1834—49. Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 
Opuscoli Scientifici. Bologna. 
1817—23. B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.C.Surg.t.; 

S.K. 
Nuova oollezione d* Opuscoli Scientifici. Bologna. 
1824—25. Camb.U. 
Bendiconto delle Sessioni dell' Accademia delle Scienze dell' Istituto 

di Bologna. Bologna. 
1851— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 

N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 
Bulletin de I'Acad^mie d'Hippone. B6ne. 
1865— Camb.U.; N.H.M.t. 
Correspondenzblatt des Naturhistorischen Vereins fiir Bheinland 

und Westphalen. Bonn. 
1844— Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Glasg.P.S.t,; Linn.S ; N.H.M. 
Yerhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen 

Bheinlande, Westfalens und des Beg.-Bezirks Osnabriick. Bonn. 
1844— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.t. ; Dub.B.LA.t.; Edinb. 

B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.t.; 

B.S.t. ; S.K. 
See Bonn Vli. HB. 'Vx. and Rheinl. IXTestplial. Vh. 

fSitzungsberichte der Niederrheinischen Gesellschaft fiir Natur- und 
Heilkunde zu Bonn. Bonn. 
,1854— B.M.t.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.LA.t.; Edinb. 
I B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.t.; S.K. 
See IfclMHnl. W«stphaL 8b. 

yrr, See Bonn. JnSL ITr. Vli. and BlielnL ^ir^stpbal. Vb. 

Becueil des Actes de I'Acad^mie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts 

de Bordeaux. Bordeaux. 
1839— B.M.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.t.; 

B.S.t. 
See Boxd«ans Aet. * 

xxiii b 2 



OoL 



Blp.BIL 



MB. ITr. Oor.-BL 



Hlodr. Cta. 8b. 
8b. Viodr. Os. 



t*««««*«i 



List of Serial Publications 

Sc 84. Fbl. ( Stances publiques de TAeadtoie Boyale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, 
84. FUL ... < et Arts de Bordeaux. Bordeaux, 
f 1819— 37. N.H.M. 



See 

Bordaavuc J. BBd. Journal de M^deoine de Bordeaux. Bordeaux. 

1843?— 61. R.C.Surg.t. 



Bordeaiuc Km. 8. 8e. ... TM^moires de la Soci^t^ des Sciences Physiques et Katurelles de 
Bord«aiuc Km. 8. 80. Fb. Bordeaux. Bordeaux. 

1855— Gamb.P.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Oeol.S.; 
Glasg.P.S.; Linn.S.; Math.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S.; 
S.K. 
See Bordeaux 8. 8e. BKm. 

Obo. A. Annales de TObservatoire de Bordeaux. Paris, Bordeaux . 

1886— Dub.B.D.S.; R.A.S.; B.S. 

8. Im, Aet Actes de la Soci^t^ Linn6enne de Bordeaux. Bordeaux. 

1830 — [Continuation- of: Bulletin d*Histoire Naturelle de la 

Soci^t^, etc., 1826—29.1 B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.!.; Dub. 

B.I.A.t.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M. ; B.S.i.; 

U.C.L.i. 

Bordeaux 8. Md. Km.... M^moires et Bulletins de la Soci^t^ Medico-Chirurgicale des Hdpitaux 

et Hospices de Bordeaux. Paris, Bordeaux. 
1866—71. 
M^moires et Bulletins de la Soci^t^ de Medecine et de Ghirurgie de 

Bordeaux. Paris, Bordeaux. 
1872— Dub.B.D.S.; B.S. 
8. 8e. Km. ... S^^e Bordeaux Km. 8. 8c. 

.ux 8. 80. FV. Procfes-Verbaux des Stances de la Soci6t6 des Sciences Physiques 

et Naturelles de Bordeaux. Paris, Bordeaux. . 
1894— Camb.P.S.; Dub.B.D.S.».; Edinb.B.S.; Math.S.; N.H.M.; 

B.A.S.; B.S. 
Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Cambridge, 

Boston. 
1785— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.i.; Dub.B.I.A.!.; 
Dub.T.C.i.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.i. 

See Am. Ac BSm. 

Boat. 8. Kd. 80. J. , Journal of the Boston Society of Medical Sciences. Boston. 

1897— Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C.Surg. 

Bost. 8. HBL F. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History. Boston. 

1841— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Edinb.U.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Brain Brain: a Journal of Neurology. London, New York. 

1878— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 
B.C.Surg.; U.C.L. 

Br. Archt. Z. Fp. Papers read at the Boyal Institute of British Architects. London. 

1864—78. B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; P.O.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
See Br. Arcbt. Tp, 

Br. Arebt. Z. T Transactions of the Institute of British Architects of London. 

London. 
1836—42; 1879—92. B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; 

Edinb.U.t.; LCE.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 
See Br. Aroht. T. 

J. Joumid of the Boyal Institute of British Architects. London. 

1885— Camb.U.t.; Edmb.U.t.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; 
U.C.L. 

21* '/^'^*\ } See Br. Archt. X. Fp. 

Fp. (*T.) ) 

T S«e Br. Archt. Z. T. 

w. ITr. Ht. Jbr. Jahresbericht des Vereins fiir Naturwissenschaft zu Braunschweig. 

Braunschweig, Altenburg. 

1879— Dub.B.LA.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Linn.S.; J^.H.M.; B.S. 
Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom Naturwissenschaftlichen Yereine 

zu Bremen. Bremen. 
1868— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.LA.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K. 

xxiv 



List of Serial Publications 



SehL Ob. Jbor. 



SeliLCta.#bfl. 



8. Ae. BIL 



BrishtoB HB. S. Xp.. 



8rli«ol«t.8.P. 



S.F. 



■••■•••••••< 



BrewB-S^vazd J. PL 



Oob£.F. 



Brftun Jlu liw. fl«et. 



Bsttnn WoUba 



8U. 



0«at. AnnlT. 



• • • • 



iCommentarj della Aocademia di Soienze, Lettere, Agricultura ed 
Arti del Dipartimento del Mella. Bresoia. 
1808—11. 
Commentarj dell* Ateneo di Brescia. Brescia. 
1812— B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.i.; Oxon.B.i.; R.S.i. 
'Jahresbericht der Schlesischen Gesellschaft fiir vaterlandische 

Caltur. Breslau. 
1850 — [Continuation of : Uebersioht der Arbeiten, etc., 1824 — 49.] 

Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.C.Surg.t.; 

R.S. \ S.K. 
Uebersicht der Arbeiten nnd Veranderungen der Schlesischen 

Gesellschaft fiir vaterlandische Cultur. Breslau. 
1824 — 49. [Continued a« ; Jahresbericht, etc., 1850—] B.M.; Geol. 

S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K. 
Bulletin de la Soci6t(6 Acad^mique de Brest. Brest. 
1858— B.M.; Camb.U.*.; S.K.t. 
Brighton and Sussex Natural History and Philosophical Society. 

Annual Report. Brighton. 
1855— Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; R.S.i. 
Proceedings of the Bristol Naturalists' Society. Bristol. 
1866— B.M.t.; Gamb.U.t.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 

R.C.Surg.t.; R.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 
Proceedings of the [British] Meteorological Society. London. 
1861 — 71. [Continued a» : Quarterly Journal of the [Royal] Meteo- 
rological Society, 1872—] Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.; Edinb.R.S.; 

Glasg.P.S.t.; M.O.; Oxon.B.; R.A.S.; R.S.; S.K. 
Zeitschrift ffir Natur- und Heilkunde ; Brosche,<Carus, Ghoulant, etc. 

Dresden. 
1820—30. Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; U.C.L.t. 
Journal de la Physiologic de PHomme et des Animaux; Brown- 

S^quard. Paris. 
1858—65. [Continued an: Archives de Physiologic, etc., 1868—98.] 

B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.i.; Oxon.B.; 

Oxon.R.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.E.; U.C.L.t. 
Proceedings of the British Pharmaceutical Conference. London. 
1864—69. [Continued as: Transactions, etc., 1870—] B.M.; 

Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Oson.B.; Pharm.S.; R.S. 
Giomale di Fisica, Chimica, e Storia Naturale; Brugnatelli, etc. 

Pavia. 
1808—27. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; 

R.C.Surg.; R.S. 
Jahresheft der Naturwissenschaftlichen Section der K. K. Mahrisch- 

Schlesischen Gesellschaft fur Ackerbau, Natur- und Landes- 

Kunde. Briinn. 
1858. S.K. 
Mittheilungen der kaiserlich-koniglichen Mahrish- Schlesischen 

Gesellschaft zur Befdrderung des Ackerbaues, der Natur- und 

Landeskunde in Briinn. Briinn. 
1821-91. B.M.; R.S.t.; S.K.t. 
Notizen-Blatt der Historisch-statistischen -Section der K. K. Mahrisch- 

Schlesischen Gesellschaft zur Befdrderung des Ackerbaues, der 

Natur- und Landes-Kunde in Briinn. Briinn. 
1855— B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; S.K. 
Astronomical Notices; Briinnow. Ann Arbor, Mich. 
1858—62. R.A.S.; R.S.t. 

Verhandlungen des Naturforschenden Vereins zu Briinn. Briinn. 
1863— Camb.U.t.; Dub.R.LA.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; R.S. 
Bulletins de P Academic Royale des Sciences, etc., de Belgique. 

Bruxelles. 
1834— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.R.LA. 

Edinb.R.S.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S. 

Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.R.; P.O.^R.A.S.; R.C.Surg. 

R.Geogr.S.t.; R.S.; S.K.t. 
See Bmz. BU. Ac 
Centidme Anniversaire de Fondation (1772 — 1872) de I'Acad^mie 

Royale de Belgique. Bruxelles. 
1872. B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.R.LA.; Edinb.R.S.; Geibl.S.; 



XXV 



List of Serial PablicatioiiB 

Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; P.O.; B.A.S.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 

BIL Bulletin de TAoad^mie Boyale de MMeoine de Belgique k Braxelles, 

Bruxelles. 
1841— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C.i.; Glaag.P.S.t. ; 
Oxon.B.(B.); B.C.Surg.i.; B.S. 

JU« M6moires de I'Acaddmie Boyale de M^ecine de Belgique: M6moireB 

(ICm. Bar. Atr.)... des Ck>ncour8 et des Savants Etrangers. Bruxelles. 

1847— B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg P.S.i.; Oxon.B.(B.); B.C.Surg.; B.S. 

(M^moires de P Academic Boyale des Sciences, des Lettres et des 
Beaux-Arts de Belgique. Bruxelles. 
1820— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C. 
< Edinb.B.S.i.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.i.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M. 
Oxon.B.(B.); P.O.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S. 
S.K.t. 
See Bnuc Mm. Ao. 80. 

r. FbL Annales des Travaux Publics de Belgique. Bruxelles. 

1843— B.M.; I CE.i.; P.O.; S.K.t. 

Annales des Universit^s de Belgique. Bruxelles. 

1842—63. Camb.U.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.i. 

811. Ae. See Bmz. Ac BIL 

BIL Fht. Bui letin Beige de la Photographic. Bruxelles. 

1862—81. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; P.O. 

c. J, 8. Aff. Journal de la Soci^t^ Centrale d' Agriculture de Belgique. Bruxelles. 

1854— B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; P.O. 
See Bmac. Ae. Km. 

iM^moires Couronn^ et M^molres des Savants Etrangers, publ. par 
l*Acad. Boy. des Sciences, etc. de Belgique. 4to. Bruxelles. 
1818— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.i.; 
Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M. ; 
Oxon.B.JB.); P.O.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; S.K.i. 

Ooor. 8^ M^moires Couronn^s et autres Mdmoires, publ. par PAcad. Boy. des 

Sciences, etc. de Belgique. 8vo. Bruxelles. 
1840— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; 
Geol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.; B.A.S.i.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; S.K. 
8. BliT- As. BU. ... Bulletin de la Soci^t^ Beige d* Astronomic. Comptes Bendus des 

S^nces mensuelles de la Soci^t6 et Bevue des Sciences d'Obser- 
vation, Astronomic, M^t^rologie, G^od^sie et Physique du Globe. 
Bruxelles. 
1896— B.A.S. 

8. Bl8> OL BU. Bulletin de la Soci^t^ Beige de G^logie, de Paltontologie et 

d'Hydrologie. Bruxelles. 
1887— B.M.; GeoLM.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K.; 
U.C.L. 
8. Bl8> Kor. A. ... Annales de la Soci^t^ Beige de Microscopic. Bruxelles. 

1875— Camb.P.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.i. 
8. Blfl^ Her. BIL... Bulletin de la Soci^t^ Beige de Microscopic. Bruxelles, Paris. 

1875— Camb.P.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; P.O.i. 

8. Be A. Annales de la Soci^t^ Scientifique de Bruxelles. Bruxelles. 

1877— B.M.; Dub.N.L.Li.; Edinb.B.S.; I.CE.i.; N.H.M. 

Bt. Cb. Botanisches Centralblatt. Cassel. 

1880— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Bt. Om. The Botanical Gazette. Crawfordsville. 

1875— Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.i.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; Pharm.S.i.; 
S.K.t.; U.CL.i. 

Bt. Wot. Botaniska Notiser. Lund. 

1839— B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M. 

PL Beitrage zur Anatomie und Physiologic; Eckhard. Giessen. 

1858—88. Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; U.CL.i. 
Beitrage zur Geophysik. Stuttgart, Leipzig. 
1887— Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; M.O.; Oxon.B.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 

Bt. Bt8* Botanische Zeitung. Berlin, Leipzig. 

1843— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.i.; Gla8g.P.S.i. ; 
Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K.; U.CL.i. 

xxvi 



List of Serial Publications 

I ... Analele Academiei Romane. Bucuresoi. 

1880— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; MO.t.; N.H.M.t. 

■■ Be. BL Buletinul Societ&tii de Sciin^ Fizice (Fizica, Ghimia ai Mineralogia) 

din Bucure8ci-!Rom&nia. 
[1892]- [1896]. 
Buletinul Societa^ii de Sciin{e din Bucuresoi-Bom&nia. Buooresoi. 

(Bulletin de la Soci6t6 des Sciences Bacarest-Roumanie.) 
[1897]- GlasK.P.S.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; R.S.i.; U.C.L.f. 

Tudomanyt&r Kdzre bocsatja k Magyar Tud66 Tdrsae^g. [Bepertoiy 

of Science.] Bad4n. 
1833—48. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; R.S.t. 



. ■• 



OL Peri6dico mensual de Ciencias matem&ticas y fisicas. Cadiz. 

1848. B.M.; B.S. 

IM^moires de PAcad^mie des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de 
Caen. Caen. 
1811- B.M.t.;Camb.U.t.;Dub.T.C.t.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.i.; R.S.t.; 
S.K.t. 

8. L M6nioire8 de la Soci^t^ Linn^ne du Calvados [de Normandie] . Caen. 

1824— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.t.; Geol.M. ; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; 
N.H.M.; R.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 

Omuk 8. Zh BIL Bulletin de la Soci^t^ Linn^enne de Normandie. Caen. 

1855— B.M.; Camb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 

R.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 
iS^e Wonn. 8. Xh BIL 

Prteis des Travaux de la Soci^t^ d*Agriculture, etc. de Caen. Caen. 
1811-^8. B.M.; Camb.U.t. 
Nova Acta physico-medica AcademisB Cass. Leopoldino-Carolins 

Natures Curiosorum. Erlangen, Bonn, Breslau. 
1758— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.R.S.t.; 
Edinb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; 
Pharm.S.t.; R.A.S.t.; R.C.Surg.; R.8.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 
See Ac Oks. &«op. W. Aeta and Ae. nt. O. W. Aeta. 

Oalo. J. HB. The Calcutta Journal of Natural History. Calcutta. 

1841—48. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; P.O.; R.S.; S.K. 

QJ. Quarterly Journal of the Medico-Physical Society. Calcutta. 

ia57. Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t. 

Ae.P. Proceedings of the California Academy of Natural Sciences. San 

Francisco. 

1854— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.t.; Dub.R.LA.; Edinb.R.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; 
Glasg.P.S.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.t.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S.t.; 
S.K.t. 
Oambb and IHild. mi. J. The Cambridge and Dublin Mathematical Journal ; Thomson and 

Ferrers. Cambridge. 
1846—54. B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb.R.S.; 
Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; R.S.; U.C.L. 

Oambb (M.) ami. ac. The Mathematical Monthly; Runkle. Cambridge (Massachusetts). 

1859—61. B.M.; Camb.U.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; R.A.S.t.; R.S.; U.C.L. 
See Oamb. (V.8.) BCtli. M. 

Omiah, MXkk. J. The Cambridge Mathematical Journal . London . 

1839—45. B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.U.; 
Glasg.U.; Math.S.t.; Oxon.B.i.; R.S.; U.C.L. 

Oamb. Vli. 8. P. Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. Cambridge. 

1866— B.M.t; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.R.D.S.; 
Edinb.R.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 
I.CE.; Linn.S.t.; Math.S.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon. 
R.t.; P.O.; R.A.S.t.; R.C.Surg.t.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Oamb. Ph. 8. T. Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. Cambridge. 

1822— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; 
Edinb.R.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; LCE.t.; 
Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.R.; P.O.; 
R.A.S.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Oamb. (V.8b) Blth. BL ... .S^« Oamb. (M.) SKth. SL 

OaBtH Oronaea Cronaca: Giomale di Scienze, Lettere, Arti, Economia, Industria; 

Cantii. Milano. 
1866—58. Glasg.P.S.t.; R.S. 



• • 



XXVll 



List of Serial Publications 

Oavd. Ht. 8. T. Cardiff Naturalists' Society. Reports and Transactions. Cardiff. 

1868— B.M.t.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.R.D.S.; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.t.; 
( Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.S.t. 

OarlBpin. Bepertorium fiir physikalische Technik, fiir mathematische and 

astronomische Instrumentenkunde ; Carl. Miinchen. 
1865—82. [Continued as : Bepertorium der Physik ; Exner, 1888^91.] 
B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; I.CE.t.; M.O.; Oxon^B.; P.O.; 
B.S.; O.JEL* 
OavlHnil&a Vli. Ww. JFr. . . . Verhandiungen des Naturwissenschaf tlichen Vereins. Carlsrohe. 

1864— B.M.i.; Dub.B.I.A.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M. 
See Mtafimrah.^ ITt. V)e, Vh. 

dasopis Casopis pro Pestov&ni Mathematiky a Fysiky. Prag. 

1872— B.M. 
Oatania Aio, Oio«ii. At. . . . Atti dell' Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania. Catania. 

1825— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.i. ; Geol.S.i.; 

Linn.S.i.; Math.S.i.; N.H.M.; Ozon.B.; B.S.; S.K.i. 
See Oatania At. Ae. Oioan. 
Oatania Ao. Oioaii. BIL... Bullettino mensile della Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in 

Catania. Catania. 
1888— Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Math.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
Oatania At. Ae. CHoan. ... See Oatania Ac Oioan. At. 

Oattanao Bbw Tarm. Biblioteca di Farmacia, Chimica, etc. ; Cattaneo. Milan. 

1834—45. [Continuation o/: Giomale, etc., 1824-33.] B.M. 

Oattanao CI. Farm. Giomale di Farmacia, etc.; Cattaneo. Milan. 

1824—33. [Continued a$: Biblioteca, etc., 1834-45.] B.M. 

Ob. MA. Wa. Cen tralblatt f tir die Medicinischen Wissensohc^tea . Berlin. 

1863— B.M. ; Camb.U.i.; Edinb.U. ; Glasg.P.S.i. ; Glasg.U.i.; 
Ozon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.i.; U.C.L.i. 

Oil. Kn. Centralblatt fiir Mineralogie, Geologic und Palaeontologie. Stuttgart. 

1900— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; 
Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; OxonJR.; B.S.; S.K. 

Ob. VL Centralblatt fiir Physiologie. Leipzig, Wien. 

1887— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.i. ; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; 
Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; U.C.L.i. 

0. OB. Chemisches Central-Blatt. Leipzig. 

1856— Camb.U.i.; Chem.S.i.; N.H.M.; Ozon.B.; Pharm.S.i.; 
P.O.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
OB. LP. Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, con- 
taining Abstracts of the Papers and of the Discussions. London. 
1837— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.C.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; 
Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; 
Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Ozon.B.; Oxon.B.i.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; 
S.K.; U.C.L. 
See Z. OB. P. 

OB. Z. T. Transactions of the Institution of Civil Engineers. London. 

1836—42. B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.B.C.S.; 
Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; 
Ozon.B.; Ozon.B.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.; B*S.; U.C.L.i. 

Off. Int. OliroB. Congrds International de Chronom^trie. Comptes Bendus des 

Travaux, Proems- Verbauz, Bapports et M6moires. Paris. 
1889, 1900. Camb.U.; B.S.i.; S.K. 

Os. Int. Byff . O. B. Congr^s International d 'Hygiene et de Demographic. Comptes- 

Bendus [Arbeiten, Transactions, Actas]. Paris, etc. 
1878— Glasg.P.S.i.; LCE.i.; Oxon.B.i.; P.O.i.; B.C.Surg.i. 

Off. Znt. Md. O. B. I Comptes-Bendus [Atti, Verhandiungen, Transactions] du Congr^s 

Off. Md. Znt. At. J International de M^ecine. Paris, etc. 

11867— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg. 
[See Znt. BUL Off. T. and Znt. Md. Og. Vli. 

O. Q/m Chemical Gazette. London. 

1842—59. B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.T.C.i.; Edinb.U.i.; 
I.CE.t.; N.H.M. ; Ozon.B.; Ozon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O.i.; S.K.; 
U.C.L. 
Ohamb^nr Km. Ae. BaT. M^moires de la Soci6t6 Acad^mique de Savoie. Chamb^ry. 

1825— Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; N.H.M.; Ozon.B.; B.S.i. 
See BaT. Ae. Km. 

Ohaslaatom Kd. J. Charleston Medical Journal and Beview; GaiUard, de Saussure, etc. 

Charleston. 

xxviii 



• 



list of Serial FnblicationB 



1848 — 60. [Continitation of: The Soathem Journal of Medicine, 

etc., 1846—47.] B.M. 
OluuftMtOB Soatli. J. Kd. The Southern Journal of Medicine, etc. ; Smith and Sinkler. 

Charleston. 
1846 — 47. [Continued at: Charleston Medical Journal and Review, 

1848-60.] B.M. 
The Chemist. London. 
1840—68. B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Chem.S.; Dub.T.C.i.; Edinb.U.t.; 

I.CE.i.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.K.t. 
Bericht der Naturwiss. Gtesellsoh. zu Chemnitz. Chemnitz. 
1859— Edinb.R.S.t.; N.H.M.; R.S.t. 

M^moires de la Soci^t^ Acad^mique de Cherbourg. Cherbourg. 
1833— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Edinb.R.S.i.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.t. 
/M^moires de la Soci^t^ Imp^riale des Sciences Naturelles de Cher- 



... J bourg. Cherbourg. 
... n 



1852— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.R.S.t.; 
V I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; R.A.S.t.; R.S.; S.K. 
Actes de la Soci6t4§ Scientifique du Chili (Sociedad cientifioa de 

Chile). Santiago. 
1892— B.M.; Dub.R.D.S.t.; Dub.R.I.A.t.; Edinb.R.S.t.; Geol.S.; 
Linn.S. t.; N.H.M.; R.S.t. 

Ghvtotlaiiia F Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania. Christiania. 

1859— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.R.S.; 
Geol.S.i.; Olasg.P.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; R.Oeogr.S.t.; R.S.; 
U.C.L.t. 
OlivtetiAiila Skr. {Mth,- Skrifter udgivne af Yidenskabsselskabet i Christiania. Mathe- 

Nt. Kl.) I matisk-Naturvidenskabelig Klasse. Christiania. 

1894— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.R.I.A.t.; Edinb.R.S.; Glasg.P.S.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S.; U.C.L.t. 

OUl ct T«rr« Ciel et Terre . Revue populaire d 'Astronomic , de M^t^rologie et de 

Physique du Globe. Bruxelles. 
1881— B.M.; Edinb.R.S.t.; M.O.; R.A.S. 

OtB i eiii . B, MH, J, The Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History. 

Cincinnati. 
1878— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Edinb.R.S. ; Geol.S.i.; N.H.M.; R.S. 

OtvlBC- Der Civilingenieur : Zeitschrift fiir das Ingenieurwesen. Freiberg, 

Leipzig. 
1854—96. B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.R.LA.t.; I.CB.; P.O. 
OlMniiontBKin.Ae.fle.... M^moires de 1* Academic des Sciences, Belles Lettres, et Arts de 

Clermont-Ferrand. Clermont-Ferrand. 

1859 — [Continuation of: Annales Scientifiques, etc., 1828 — 58.] 
B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; R.S.t. 

O. V. The Chemical News and Journal of Physical Science. London. 

1860— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dub.R.C.S.t.; 
Dub.R.D.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.; I.CE.t.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.R.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; R.C.Surg.; 
R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

Z. F. Proceedings of the Canadian Institute, Toronto. Toronto. 

1879—90; 1897— [Conttm<ation o/; The Canadian Journal, 1853 — 

78.] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.R.D.S.; Dub.RJ.A.; Edinb.R.S.t.; 

Edinb.U.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; R.A.S.t.; R.Geogr.S.t.; R.S.; S.K.t. 

Z. T Transactions of the Canadian Institute. Toronto. 

1889— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.R.D.S.; Edinb.R.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; Math.S.i.; N.H.M.; P.O.; 

R.A.S.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S. 

J. The Canadian Journal of Industry, Science, and Art. Toronto. 

1853—78. [Cofitinued as: Proceedings of the Canadian Institute, 

1879—] B.M.i.; Dub.R.LA.; Edinb.R.S.; Geol.S.; I.CE.; 

N.H.M.; P.O.; R.A.S.i.; R.C.Surg.t.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S.; S.K.t. 
The Canadian Naturalist and Geologist, and Proceedings of the 

Natural History Society of Montreal. Montreal. 
1857_83. [Continued as : The Canadian Record of Science, 1884—] 

B.M. ; Camb.U.i.; Edinb.U.i. ; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.U.t. ; Linn.S.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.i.; Oxon.R.; P.O.; R.S.; U.C.L.t. 
The Canadian Record of Science, including the Proceedings of the 

xxix 



List of Serial Publications 



« 



Natural History Society of Montreal, and replacing the Canadian 
Naturalist. Montreal. 
1884— [Continuation of: The Canadian Naturalist, 1857—88.] 
B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.i.; Linn.S.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.f.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K.i. 

On. S. 0. F. * T. Proceedings and Transactions of the Boyal Society of Canada. 

Montreal. 
1888— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.D.S.i.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; 
Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.t.; Qeol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Olasg.U.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.Oeogr. 
S.f.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

OolmteaX. O Institute, jomal scientifico e litterario ; Forjaz. Coimbra. 

1853— B.M.; B.Geogr.S.i. 
Oolmar 8. B. Ht. BIL ... Bulletin de la Soci^t^ d*Histoire Naturelle de Colmar. Colmar. 

1860—85. N.H.M. 

OOlo. Be. 8. F. Proceedings of the Colorado Scientific Society. Denver. 

1883— Camb.P.S.t.; Chem.S.i.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.; 
N.H.M. ; P.O. 

Oon. 6mu Temps Connaissance des Temps, k Pusage des Astronomes et des Navigatears. 

Paris. 
1679— B.M.i.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.i.; Oxon.B.; 
B.A.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
OonegL Bentfla Vit.BiiUL. Annali della B. Scuola di Viticoltura e di Enologia in Conegliano. 

Conegliano. 
1892 — 93. [Continuation of: Nuova Bassegna di Viticoltura ed 
Enologia della B. Scuola di Conegliano, 1887—91.] [Continued a»: 
ha. Bevista. Periodico della B. Scuola di Viticoltura e di Enologia 
di Conegliano, 1895 — ] Kew Gardens.t. 
OonegL Senola Vlt. Bn. La Bevista. Periodico della B. Scuola di Viticoltura e di Enologia di 

Conegliano. Conegliano. 
1895 — [Continuation of: Annali della B. Scuola di Viticoltura e di 
Enologia in Conegliano, 1892—93.] Kew Gardens. 

T Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences. 

New Haven. 
1866— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Glasg.P.S.; Linn.S.; Math.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 
Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences. New 

Haven. 
1810—16. Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.t.; B.S. 

OomwrnU CIL B.T Transactions of the Boyal Geological Society of Cornwall. Penzance. 

1818— B.M.t. ; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t. ; Geol.M. ; 
Geol.S. ; Glasg.U.t. ; I.CE.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t. ; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.i. 

Oomwall FoL S. Xp. /Beports and Transactions of the Boyal Polytechnic Society of 

OomwrnUFoLflbT I Cornwall. Falmouth. 

1833— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.M.t.; 
Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t. ; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t. ; Linn.S.; M.O.t. ; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Cosmos. Bevue Encyclop^ique Hebdomadaire des Progr^s des 

Sciences; Moigno. Paris. 
1852—70. B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; LCE.t. ; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
See Kolffao Ooamos. 

O. B. Comptes Bendus hebdomadaires des Stances de PAcad^mie des 

Sciences. Paris. 
1835— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U. ; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; 
Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.CSurg.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.; 
U.C.L. 

Be. BIL Bulletin International de P Academic des Sciences de Craoovie. 

Cracovie. 
1889— B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.; 
GeoLS.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; 
B.S.; U.C.L.t. 

XXX 



List of Serial Pablications 

O.A. Chemische Annalen fur die Freonde der Natorlehre; Grell. 

Helmstadt. 
1784—1804. B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Chem.S. ; Glasg.P.S.t. ; N.H.M. ; 
P.O.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.K. 

J. Journal fiir die reine und angewandte Mathematik; Crelle. Berlin. 

1825— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub.T.C; Edinb.R.S. ; 
Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; l.CE.t.; Math.S.t.; Oxon.B.(B.J; B.S.; 
S.K.t.; U.C.L. 
See OrtXlm J. BKth. 

OnU* J. Bank. Journal f Ur die Baukunst ; Crelle. Berlin. 

1829—61. B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.U.; P.O. 

OMU* J. Ktli. See Cbrall* J. 

Gfoydon Mor. OL P. * T. Proceedings and Transactions of the Croydon Hioroscopical and 

Natural History Club. Croydon. 
1878— [Continvation of: Report, etc., 1871—78.] Camb.U.; 
Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S t.'; Linn S.; N.H.M.; P.O.; U.C.L.t. 

O. fl. J. The [Quarterly] Journal of the Chemical Society of London. 

London. 
1849 — [ConUmiatUm of: Memoirs and Proceedings, etc., 1841 — 48.] 
B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.R.C.S.; Dub.RD.S.; 
Dub.R.I.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.R.S.; Geol.M.i.; Geol.S.; Glasg. 
P.S.; I.CE.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.R.t.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; 
R.C.SUIK.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Om UmWKaBL Memoirs and Proceedings of the Chemical Society of London. 

London. 
1841-48. [Continued as: The Quarterly Journal, 1849—] B.M.; 
Camb.P.S.; Chem.S.; Dub.R.C.S.; Dub.R.D.S. ; Dub.R.I.A.; 
Dub.T.C.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.(R.); 
Pharm.S.; P.O.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

O.S.F. Proceedings of the Chemical Society. London. 

1886— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t. ; Chem.S.; Dub.R.D.S.; 
Dub.R.I.A. ; Edinb.R.S. ; Edinb.U.t. ; Geol.M.t. ; Glasg.U. ; 
N.H.M.t.; Oxon.R.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Ouf pu Bt. JFml Revue Universelle des Mines, de la M^tallurgie, etc.; de Cuyper. 

Paris, Li^ge. 
1867— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.LA.i.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 

l.CE.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.; S.K. 
See Bt. irn. Iffif. 

O. Sts. Chemiker-Zeitung. Central-Organ fiir Chemiker, Apotheker, Tech- 

niker, Ingenieure, Fabrikanten. Cdthen. 
1877— Chem.S.t.; P.O.t.; S.K.t. 

Central-Zeitung fiir Optik und Mechanik. Leipzig. 

1880— Edinb.U.t.; P.O.t.; R.S.t. 



Zeitschrift des Deutschen [und des Oesterreichisohen] Alpenyereins. 

Mttnchen. 
1870— B.M.; Camb.U.; Oxon.B.; R.Geogr.S. 

,,,.. Schrif ten der Naturf orschenden Gesellschaf t in Danzig. Danzig. 

1863- [Continuation of: Neueste Schriften, etc., 1820—62.] 
Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.R.D.S.t.; Dub.R.LA.t.; Edinb. 
R.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.t.; R.S.; S.K.t. 

Wotbb Notizblatt des Vereins fiir Erdkunde und verwandte Wissenschaf ten 

zu Darmstadt und des Mittelrheinischen Geologischen Vereins. 
Darmstadt. 
1866— B.M.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.t.; R.Geogr.S.; 

Xk.S.t.; O.A.. 

8b Borda BIL Bulletin de la Soci6t6 de Borda k Dax. Dax. 

1876— N.H.M. ; U.C.L.t. 

Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaf t. Berlin. 

1883— B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
Pharm.S.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

B. O. Cta. B. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gtesellschaft. Berlin. 

1868— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.L; 
Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; 
R.C.Surg.t.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
See BmA. B. 
Bslft ikcm BOL A. Annales de I'Eoole Polytechnique de Delft. Leide. 

XX xi 



List of Serial Publications 

1885—97. Gamb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Chem^.i.; .Dab.B.D.S.; Dub. 
B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Math.S.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.E. 
DMiiaoB Vn. 80. Lb. BU. Bulletin of the Scientific Laboratories of Denison UniTersity. 

Granville, Ohio. 
1885— B.M. ; Gamb.P.S.; Dub.B.I.A. ^ Edmb.B.S. ^ N.H.M. ; 
P.O.; S.K.f. 

Der Natarf orsoher . Halle. 

1774—1804. B.M. ; Gamb.U.; Geol.S.f. ; Glaag.P.S.t. ; Linn.S. ; 
N.H.M.; B.S.i.; S.K. 

The Analyst : a monthly Journal of Pure and Applied Siathematios. 

Des Moines, Iowa. 
1874—83. Gamb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; B.S. 

Beports and Transactions of the Devonshire Association for 

the Advancement of Science, Literature, and Art. Plymouth, 
London. 
1862— Gamb.U.t.; Geol.M.; GeoLS.; I.GE.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.i.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 

D. Q/L Qm, S. Zeitschrif t der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaf t. Berlin. 

1849— B.M.; Gamb.U.; Dub.T.O.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; 
Glasg.U.f.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 

D. Os. Oataa. Kt. Mittheilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaf t fiir Natur- und Ydlker- 

kunde Ostasiens. Yokohama. 
1873— B.M.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.i.; B.Geogr.S.; S.E. 

StJoB Ae. Mm. ( M^moires de 1' Academic des Sciences, Arts, et Belles-lettres de 

IHJon Ae. 80. Km. I Dijon. Dijon. 

IHJOB Mm. Ae. i 1769^ B.M.t.; Gamb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Dub.T.G.t.; 

Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.; B.G.Surg.i.; 
[ B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 

DtJon 84. Ae. Stances publiques de P Academic des Sciences, Arts, et Belles-lettres 

de Dijon. Dijon. • 

1810—29. B.M.t.; N.H.M. 

Polytechnisches Journal ; Dingier. Stuttgart. 

1820— B.M.; Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dub.B.G.S.t.; 
Dub.B.D.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.t. ; Glasg.U.t. ; I.GE.t.; 
P.O. ; B.S.t.; S.K. 

Jahresbericht der Gommission zur Wissenschaf tlichen Untersuchung 

der Deutschen Meere in Kiel. Berlin. 
1871 — 93. [CotUinued a* : WissenschaftlicheMeeresuntersuchungen, 
etc., 1896—] Gamb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; GlasgJP.S.t. ; Linn.S.; 
M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.t.; S.E. 

Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen MalakozQologischen Gtesellschaft. 

Frankfurt am Main. ^ 

1869— B.M.; Gamb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 

Vt. Jte. Jahresbericht der deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung. Berlin, 

Leipzig. 

1890— Gamb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Math.S.t.; Oxon.B.; 
B.S. 

D.JKB Bericht iiber die Versammlung der Deutschen Naturforscher und 

Aerzte. 
1822—83. Irregular, «ee Tageblatt. Gamb.U.t.; Geol.S.t.;N.H.M.t.; 

Oxon.B.t.; B.G.Surg.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
See D. ftt. Von. B. 

D. HC F«staelir. Festschrift fiir die 59. Versammlung Deutscher Naturforscher and 

Aerzte. Berlin. 
1886. Dub.B.I.A.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; S.K. 

D. Wf. TbL Tageblatt der. . . Versammlung Deutscher Naturforscher und Aerzte. 

1836—89. Irregular, neeB. and Vh. Gamb.U.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.t.; B.G.Surg.t. 

D. Mt, "Vh. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaf t Deutscher Naturforscher und Aerzte. 

Leipzig. 
1890— [Caniimtationof: Bericht, Tagebl. etc., 1822-89.] Gamb.U.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.G.Surg. 

D. V£ VmuB «Sff D. Vf.B. 

Bb. Vd. Btlrte. 8kr. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabemes Selskabs Skrivter. Kidbenhavn. 

1801—18. B.M.; Gamb.P.S.t.; Gamb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.; B.S. 
See Slob. Dn. Vd. 8«ldL. 



• • 



xxxu 



List of Serial Publications 

Archiv ftir die Hollandischen Beitrage zur Ijatur- and Heilkunde; 

Donders. Utrecht. 
1858 — 64. [Continued a$: Nederlandscb .Arcbief voojr Genees- eo 
Natnurkunde, 1865—70.] B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; B.C.Sorg.; 
B.S. 
Wdl. Oast. OogL Jaarlijksch Verslag betrekkelijk de Verpleglng en 't Onderwijs in 

bet Nederlandscb Gastbuis voor Ooglijders; Donders. Utrecbt. 
1860 — 85. [Continue as: Nederlandscb Gastbuis voor Beboeftige 
en Minvermogende Ooglijders te Utrecbt. Verslag, 1885 — ] 
Glaag.P.S.i.; B.S. 

Bovpat fth, Sitznngsbericbte der Naturf orscber-Gesellscbaf t zu Dorpat . Dorpat. 

1853— Dub.B.I.A.i.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; N.H.M.; B.S.*.; S.K.i. 

Docvat Belir. Scbriften berausgegeben von der Naturforscber-Gesellscbaft bei der 

Universitat Dorpat. Dorpat. 
1884— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; N.H.M.; Ozon.B. 

9caem9tTOmT. Proceedings of tbe Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field 

Club. Sberbome. 
1877— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.t. 

Bonai Km. A. Aff. M^moires de la Soci^t^ d*Agriculture, de Sciences et d'Arts [da 

Ddpartement du Nord] seant k Douai. Douai. 
1826—89. B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Oxon.B.; B.S.t. 

BonlM 8. Mm. M^moires et Comptes Bendus de la Socidt6 [Libre] d'J&mulation 

du Doubs. Besanyon. 
1841— B.M.; N.H.M.t. 

Verbandlungen der Deutscben Pbysikaliscben Gesellscbaf t. Leipzig. 

1899 — [Continuation of: Verbandlungen der Pbysikaliscben G^eseU- 

scbaft in Berlin, 1882—98.] Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; 

Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.(B.); P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; 

S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

E. ParotOkoL Ausz^ge aus den Protokollen der Gesellscbaft far Natur- and 

Heilkunde in Dresden. Dresden. . . 

1832—34. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.S. 

Jte. Jabresbericbt des Vereins fdr Erdkunde zu Dresden. Dresden. 

1865— B.M.;Geol.S.t.;Glasg.P.S.t.;N.H.M.;Ozon.B.;B.Geogr.S.; 
B.S.t.; S.K. 
Mtsolir. ... Festscbrift der Naturwissenscbaftlicben Gesellscbaft Isis in Dresden. 
Dr^ulen 
1885. B.M.; Dub.B.I.A.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; S.K. 

laAmBb, Sitzungsbericbte der Naturwissenscbaftlicben Gesellscbaft Isis in 

Dresden Dresden 
* 1861— Camb.U.t.; Dub.T.C; Geol.S.; N.H.M.; S.K. 
See Dr*ad«n Wlb, Zsls. 
Jbar. irt. B«i]k. Jabresbericbte [Sitzungsbericbte] der Gesellscbaft fiir Natur- und 

Heilkunde. Dresden. 

1858— Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
See Dread^n 81>. Ht. Ballk. 

&iidw.V.*St. ... Die landwirtbscbaftlicben Versucbs-Stationen. Organ fiir wissen- 

scbaftlicbe Forscbungen auf dem Gebiete der Landwirtbscbaft, 
Dresden, Cbemnitz. 

1859— B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Cbem.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; 
B.S.t. 

See ZAdw. V.-Bt. 

SbaZala S^e Drasdan Zais 8b. 

Sb.irt. Ballk.... 50e Braadan Jbr. irt. Ballk. 

IMbL J. Md. C. fla. Dublin Journal of Medical and Cbemical Science. Dublin. 

1832—45. [Continued as: Tbe Dublin [Quarterly] Journal of 
Medical Science, 1846 — ] B.M. ; Camb.U.t. ; Dub.N.L.I.t. ; 
Dub.B.D.S.t. ; Dub.T.C.t.; Pbarm.S.t.; B.C.Surg. 

IHiliL J. Kd. 8a. /Tbe Dublin [Quarterly] Journal of Medical Science. Dublin. 

IhDdd. QJ. ISd. 8a. 1 1846 — [Continuation of: Dublin Journal of Medical and Cbemical 

< Science, 1832—45.] B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.B.D.S.; 
Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.U. ; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; 
V Oxon.B.(B.); Pbarm.S.t.; P.O.; B.C.Suig.; U.C.L.t. 

8. J. Journal of tbe Boyal Dublin Society. Dublin. 

1856—78. B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Cbem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I.; 
Dub.B.C.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; 

xxxiii 



last of Serial Publicatioiis 



DabL S. J. 



ItattL 8. Be. F. 



DnbL 8. 80. T. 



Itavliam Vn. Fli. 8. P. ... 


BastbouriM HB. 

(AT.) 


8. Pp. 


\^ •/ "••" 

Bastbonms HB. 


n. *• ... 


Bdlnb. rC. T. 


Bdinb. 4IL 8. T. . 


Bdinb. J. BKd. 8e. 


• 


Bdlnb. J. Ht. Off. 
Bdinb. J. 8c. .... 


80. 



Bdlnb. X. J. Xd. 8e. 



Bdlnb. 



W«ni.8. 



Bdlnb. Xth. 8. P. 



Geol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.i.; Linn.S.; M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 
Transactions and Journal of the Dublin Society. Dublin. 
1799—1810. B.M.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C; Oeol.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.S.; S.K. 
See BnbL 8. T. 

The Scientific Proceedings of the Boyal Dublin Society. Dublin. 
1877— B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub. 

B.G.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dnb.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; 

Glasg.P.S.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; Math.S.i.; M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; 

B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
The Scientific Transactions of the Boyal Dublin Society. Dublin. 
1877— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub. 

B.C.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; 

Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; Math.S.; M.O.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B. ; Oxon.B. ; Pharm.S. ; P.O. ; B.A.S. ; B.C.Surg. ; 

B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
See DubL 8. J. 
Proceedings of the University of Durham Philoeophical Society. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
1900— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; S.K.t. 
Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift fur dfifentliche Gesundheitspflege. 

Braunschweig. 
1869— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; I.CE.t.; Oxon.B.; U.C.L.t. 
Deutsche Zeitschrift f Ur Thiermedicin und vergleiohende Pathologic. 

Leipzig. 
1875— Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg. 

! Papers (Transactions) of the Eastbourne Natural History Society 
with Annual Beport. Eastbourne. 
1869— Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 

L*£clairage ^lectrique. Paris. 

1894— B.M.; Glasg.U.t.; ICE.; P.O. 

Transactions of the Edinburgh Naturalists* Field Club. Edinburgh. 

1881— Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M. 

Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society. Edinburgh. 

1868— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.t. ; 

Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; N.H.M.; P.a; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; 

U.C.L. 
Edinburgh Journal of Medical Science. Edinburgh. 
1826—27. B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.U. ; Glasg.P.S.t.; 

Glasg.U.; B.C.Surg. 
The Edinburgh Journal of Natural and Geographical Science. 

Edinburgh. 
1830—31. B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Linn.S.; 

N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S. ; S.K. 
The Edinburgh Journal of Science, exhibiting a view of the progress 

of discovery in Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Mineralogy, 

Geology, Botany, etc. ; David Brewster. Edinburgh. 
1824—1832. [Ganiinued in: The London and Edinburgh Philo- 
sophical Magazine, etc., 1832^] B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C. 

Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; I.CE. 

M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S. 

S.K. 
London and Edinburgh Monthly Journal of Medical Science. 

London, Edinburgh. 
1841 — 55. [Continued at: Edinburgh Medical Journal, 1855 — ] 

B.M.; Glasg.P.S.*.; Pharm.S.t.; B.C.Surg. 
Memoirs of the Wemerian Natural History Society. Edinburgh. 
1808-39. B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.t.; 

B.S. ; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
See Bdlnb. 'Weam. 8. Km. 
Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society. London, 

Edinburgh. 



xxxiv 



List of Serial Publications 



■dtnb. W. PH. J. 



Bdinb. Pli. J. 



■dlalKF. 



1883— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Edlnb.U.; 

Glasg.U.; Math.S.; B.S.t. 
The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, exhibiting a view of the 

progressive Improvements, etc. in the Sciences, etc.; Robert 

Jameson. Edinburgh. 
1826 — 64. [Continuation of: The Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, 

1819-26.] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; 

Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; 

Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; 

B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S; S.K. 
The Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, exhibiting a view of the 

Progress of Discovery in Natural Philosophy, etc. ; David Brewster 

and Bobert Jameson. Edinburgh. 
1819—26. [Continued a$ : The Edinburgh New Philosophical 

Journal, 1826—64.] B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S. 

Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U. 

I.CE.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Gxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O. 

B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

Proceedings of the Boyal Physical Society of Edinburgh . Edinburgh . 

1854— B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U. ; Chem.S.i . ; Dub.B.I.A. ; 

Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

(Proceedings of the Boyal Society of Edinburgh. Edinburgh. 
1845— B.M.f.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I. 
Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U. 
I.CE.; Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B. 
Pharm.S.t.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 
U.C.L. 

Transactions of the Boyal Society of Edinburgh. Edinburgh. 

1788— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub. 
B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; 
Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; 
Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.; 
U.C.L. 
See Bdinb. T. B. 8. 

P. ( Transactions of the Boyal Scottish Society of. Arts . Edinburgh . 

T 1841— B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; LCE.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 
See Bdinb. T. Be. B. Arts and Be. B. Arts T. 

BdSnbwT. B. B. 6>^ Bdinb. B. B. T. 

Bdinb. T. Be. B. Arts See Bdinb. Be. B. Arts P. and Be. B. Arts T. 



Bdinb. P. B. B. 
R.B.P. 



Bdinb. B. B. T.. 



Bdinb. Be. B. 



Bleetr. B. P.. 
Bleetr. B.T., 



Bf. Os. Xbr. 



See Bdinb. 

The Educational Times, and Journal of the College of Preceptors. 

London. 
1847— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.N.L.L; Glasg.U.t.; 

Math.S.t.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
The Electrician. London. 
1862— B.M.i.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.N.L.Lt.; Dub. 

B.C.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.t. ; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 

I.CE.i.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.S.t.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
The Electrical Beview. London. 
1892 — [Continuation of: The Telegraphic Journal and Electrical 

Beview, 1872—91.] B.M ; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.; Edinb.U.; 

Glasg.P S.; Glasg.U.; LCE.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 
The Transactions and Ftoceedings of the London Electrical Society. 

London. 
1837 - 40. [Continuedas: Proceedings, 1841—43.] B.M.; Camb.U.t.; 

Glasg.P.S.t.; I.CE.t.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 
Elektrotechnische Zeitschrift. Berlin, Miinchen. 
1880— B.M.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; P.O.; S.K.t. 
Jahresbericht der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Emden. 

Emden. 
1837— Dub.B.I.A.; B.S. 
The Entomological Magazine. London. 
1833—38. B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B. 
Transactions of the Society of Engineers. London. 



XXXV 



List of Serial Publications 



ISeO— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub.B.G.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; R.S.i.; U.C.L. 

L'Enseignement Math^matique. Bevue Litemationale. Paris. 

1899— Math.S.; S.K. 

Brdm. J. Tx, O Journal for praktische Chemie ; Erdman, etc. Leipzig. 

1834 — [Continuation of: Journal fUr technische und dkonomische 
Chemie, 1828—33.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; 
Dub.B.C.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U,; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.; 
S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
See J. Pr. O. 

Wnlfn, J. T«oli. O Journal fiir technische und okonomische Chemie ; Erdman. Leipzig. 

1828 — 33. [Continued as: Journal fiir praktische Chemie, 1834 — ] 
B.M.; Chem.S.; N.H.M.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 

Ihm Jahrbucher der kdniglichen Akademie gemeinniitziger Wissen- 

schaften zu Erfurt. Erfurt. 
1860— B.M.; N.H.M. 

U Ab. Abhandlungen der Physikalisch-Medicinischen Societat in Erlangen. 

Frankfurt-am-liain. 
1810—12. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 
_ S. 8b. ... /Sitzungsberichte der Physikalisch-Medicinischen Societat zu Er- 

Brians. Vt. Fa. BKd. 8. ... I langen. Erlangen. 

J1864— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 
( Linn.S.t.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.t. 

Zeitschrif t fiir Chemie und Pharmacie etc. ; Erlenmeyer. Erlangen, 

Heidelberg. 
1860—64. [Continued as: Zeitschrif t fiir Chemie, 1865— 71.] B.M.; 
Camb.U.; Chem.S.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.t.; S.K.t. 

Archiv fiir wissenschaitliche Kunde von Bussland; Erman. Berlin. 

1841—67. B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.t.; 
S.K. 

Bulletin of the Essex Institute. Salem (Mass.). 

1869— [CorUiniiatumo/: Proceedings, etc., 1848— 68.] Camb.P.S.; 
Edinb.B.S.t. ; Geol.S.t. ; Glasg.P.S.t. ; Linn.S.t. ; N.H.M. ; 
Oxon.B.t.; P.O.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 

Proceedings of the Essex Institute. Salem (Mass.). 

1848—68. [CoiitttiiM'das; Bulletin, etc., 1869— ] B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; 
Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Linn. S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.S.; 
S.K. 

The Essex Naturalist; being the Journal of the Essex Field Club. 

Buckhurst Hill. 
1887 — [Continuation of: Transactions of the Essex Field Club, 
1880—86.] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; 
GeoI.S. : Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; 
U.C.L. 

(Becueil de la Soci6t^ d' Agriculture, Sciences, Arts, et Belles-Lettres 

du d^partement de TEure. Evreux. 

1830—39. B.M.; Camb.U.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 

A'Magyar Tud6s Tiirsas&g' Evkonyvei. Pest. 

1833—46. 

A* Magyar Tudom4nyos Akademia ^vkonyvei. Bud&. 
1860—89. B.M. ; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
B.A.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 

See Mas. Tnd. Ak. ^vk. 

Bepertorium der Physik; Exner. Miinchen, Leipzig. 

1883—91 . [Continuation of: Bepertorium fiir physikalische Teohnik, 
etc.; Carl, 1865—82.] B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Edinb.U.; 
LCE.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 



LBIL. 



Z.F. 



irtllat. 



8.Aff. 



rad.Z. 



Ob. Centralblatt fiir Naturwissenschaf ten und Anthropologic ; Fechner. 

Leipzig. 
1853—54. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 

B. T Transactions of the Federated Institution of Mining Engineers. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
1889 — 98. [Continued as: Transactions of the Institution of Mining 
Engineers, 1898—] Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; 
Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; S.K. 



XX XVI 



list of Serial Publications 

FAraaaae BIL Be. Mtli. ... Bulletin des Sciences Math^matiqnes, Astronomiques, Physiques et 

Chimiques; de F^russac. Paris. 
1824—31. B.M.; Edinb.U.i.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.i.; Oxon.R.; P.O.; 

R.C.Surg.; U.C.L. 
. Bulletin des Sciences Naturelles et de Geologic; de F^russac. Paris. 
1824—31. B.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

P.O.; R.C.Surg.; R.S. 
Bulletin de la Soci^t^ d'£tudes Scientifiques du Finistdre. Morlaiz. 
1879— N.H.M. 
Atti della R. Accademia economico-agraria dei G^rgofili. Firenze. 

1817 — [Continuation of: Atti della (Real) Societa Economica di 
Firenze ossia de' Georgofili, 1791—1812.] B.M.; Camb.U.; 
Dub.T.C.i.; Edinb.R.S.i.; Oxon.B. 

See TlX9DMm At. Ac O eog g. 

Annali del R. Museo di Fisica e Storia Naturale. Firenze. 

1866. Glasg.P.S.i.; M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; R.A.S.; R.S.; S.K. 

Annali del Museo Iznperiale di Fisica e Storia Naturale di Firenze. 

Firenze. * 

1808—10. B.M.; Camb.U.i.; M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; R.A.S.; 

R.S.t.; S.K. 
See Fir«nse Ae. O eog g . At. 
X. Z. Fb. Pubblicazioni del R. Istituto di Studi Superiori Pratici e di Per- 

fezionamento in Firenze. Sezione di Scienze Fisiche e Natural!. 

Firenze. 
1877— B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; R.S. 
8. Q^org, At. ... Atti della (Real) Society Economica di Firenze ossia de* Georgofili. 

Firenze. 
1791-1812. [Continued ait: Atti della R. Accademia economico- 
agraria dei Georgofili, 1817—] B.M.; Camb.U. 
, Flora, Oder Allgemeine Botanische Zeitung; berausgegeben yon der 

Kdnigl. Bayer. Botanischen Gesellschaft. Regensburg. 

1818— Camb.U.t.; Dub.R.D.S.; Edinb.R.S.; Edinb.U.i.; Glaag. 
P.S.t.; Glasg.U.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; R.S.i.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

rttLSdSL Foldtani Kdzlony. Havi foly6irat kiadja a Magyarboni Fdldtani 

Tarsulat. (Geologische Mittheilungen.) Zeitschrift der Ungar- 
ischen G«ologischen Gesellschaft. Budapest. 
1872— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; N.H.M.; R.S.i.; S.K.i. 
.. Forschungen auf dem Gebiete der Agrikultur-Physik. Heidelberg. 
1878—98. Chem.S.; P.O. 
Allgemeine Bauzeitung; Forster. Wien. 
1836— B.M.; Camb.U.; I.CE.i.; P.O. 

V^rmnkllB Z. J. Journal of the Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania. 

Philadelphia. 
1828— B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.R.I.A.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P. 
S.i.; I.CE.; M.O.i.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; R.A.S.i.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S.; 
U.C.L.i. 

Tx, An. M4t. Annuaire M^t^rologique de la France. Paris. 

1849 — 52. [Continued as: Annuaire de la Soci^t^ M^t^rologique de 
France, 1853—] B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Glasg.U.i.; M.O.; R.S. 
See An. M«t. Fr. 

Tx. Off. Bo. Sessions des Congr^s Scientifiques de France. 

1833—79. B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; R.C.Surg.i. 
F rollms Jb. B« g - Bm. Jahrbuch fiir den Berg- und Hiittenmann. Herausg. von der 

Konigl. Berg-Akademie zu Freiberg. Freiberg. 
1837 — 72. [Continued a$: Jahrbuch fiir das Berg- und Hiittenwesen, 

1873—] B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; P.O.i.; R.S.i.; S.K.i. 
Berichte ttber die Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 

zu Freiburg i. B. Freiburg i. B. 
ia55— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.R.I.A.; Linn. S.i. ; N.H.M. ; 

Oxon.R.; R.C.Surg.i.; R.S.; S.K. 
Zeitschrift fiir Analytische Chemie ; Fresenius. Wiesbaden. 
1862— B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Chem.S. ; Dub.N.L.I. ; Edinb.U.i.; 
Glasg.P.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; 
S.K. 
nrki^ a. M.rv. ITr. JInr.... (Jahresbericht des Physikalischen Vereins zu Frankfurt am Main. 

ITr. { Frankfurt am Main. 

(1838— B.M.i.; Glasg.U.i.; M.O.i.; P.O.i.; R.S.i.; S.K.i. 

VOL. III. xxxvii c 



List of Serial Publications 

"Vt, Jb. Jahrbuch zar Yerbreitung Naturwisseaschaftlioher Eexmtaisse, 

veranstaltet vom Physik&Iischen Vereine zu Frankfurt. Frank- 
furt. 
1831. Glasg.P.S.t.; B.S.; S.K. 

TrotimpJKotm Notizen aus dem Qebiete der Natur- und Heilkunde; Froriep. 

Erfurt, Weimar. 
1821—62. B.M.t.; Camb.U.i.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; 
B.C.Surg.; B.S.t. 

Tx, S. Aff. BU. Bulletin des S^nces de la Soci6t^ (Centrale) d' Agriculture de France. 

Paris. 
1837- P.O.t. 

^.8. As. Mm. M^moires d' Agriculture, d'Economie rurale et domestique publics 

par la Soci^t^ d'Agriculture. Paris. 
1801— B.M.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Oxon.B. 

Tx, 8. Bt. BIL Bulletin de la Soci^t^ Botanique de France. Paris. 

1864— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.i.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Dub.T.C.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Phann.S.t.; 
S.K. 
See Par. BIL 8. Bt. 

Fr. 8. MAt. An. Annuaire de la Soci^t^ M6t^rologique de France. Paris. 

1853 — [Continuation of: Annuaire M^t^orologique de la France, 
1849—52.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C.t.; Glasg.U.t.; M.O. 

Fr. 8. ai^t. W. M4t. Nouvelles Met^orologiques publics sous lea auspices de la Sooi^t^ 

Met^rologique de France. Paris. 
1868—76. B.M.t.; M.O.; B.S.i. 

Tx, 8. Mb. BIL Bulletin de la Soci^t^ Min^ralogique de France. Meulan, Paris. 

1878— B.M.; Dub.T.C; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
B.S.; S.K. 

Tx, 8. Z. BIL Bulletin de la Socidt^ Zoologique de France. Paris. 

1876— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.t.; S.K. 

, Fortschritte der Medicin. Berlin. 

1883— Camb.U.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg. 

Jahrbuch (iber die Fortschritte der Mathematik. Berlin. 

1868— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.B.C.S.; Edinb.U. ; 
Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; Math.S.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; U.C.L. 

Die Fortschritte der Physik. Berlin. 

1845— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.i.; Dub.B.I.A.i.; 
Edinb.B.S.i.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.i.; Oxon.B.(B.); P.O.; 
B.A.S.i.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Fseiir. Bdnt8#nstr. Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Bontgenstrahlen. Hamburg. 

1897— Glasg.P.S.i.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K. 



, Annales Academies Gandavensis. Gandavi (Ghent) . 

1819—31. B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 

Giomale Arcadioo di Scienze, etc. Boma. 

1819—71. B.M.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B. 

Oard Ap«r^ Tx, Notice [ou Aper^u analytique] des Travaux de P Academic Boyale du 

Gard. Nimes. 
1807—? B.M.; Camb.U.; Oxon.B. 
See Oard Hot. T^. Ac 

Oard. Ohron. The Gardener's Chronicle. London. 

1841- Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I i.; Dub.T.C.i.; Edinb.U.i.; Linn.S.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; S.K.i. 

;S?rr-^-^t Seea,r.^,^Tr. 

EsmaltMtm Besultate aus den Beobachtungen des Magnetischen Yereins; 

Gauss und Weber. Gottingen, Leipzig. 
1837—42. B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; B.S. 

J. Journal f iir die Chemie und Physik ; Gehlen. Berlin. 

1806-10. B.M. ; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M. ; 
Oxon.B.; B.S. 

Ctao. BIL Z. Ht. Bulletin de I'lnstitut National G^nevois. Geneve. 

1853- B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.i.; P.O.i.; 

B.S. 
See Cl«ii. Z. 1ft. BIL 

xxxviii 



List of Serial Publications 

OtT. Le Genie Civil. Bevue G^n^rale des Industries Franpaises et lltran- 

gdres, etc. Paris. 
1880— B.M.; I.CE.; P.O.; S.K, 

I.Vt.BlL 5ee Cton. BU. Z. irt. 

Z. Vt. IKm. M^moires de 1 * Institut National O^nevois. Gendve. 

1854— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.; N.H.M.i.; Oxon.B.; B.8.; 
S.K.i. 

8. Fa. M^moires de la Sooi^t^ de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de 

Gendve. Gtondve. 
1821— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.I.A.; Dub.T.C; 
Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.i.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; U.C.L.i. 
See Clen. 0. Ps. Km. 
ImlAgwem... Memorie dell' Istituto Ligure. Gtenova. 
1806. B.M.; Camb.U.; B.S. 

B. Kd. Memorie deUa Society Medioa di Emulazione dl Genova. Genova. 

1802—04. B.C.Surg. 

B. Us. At. Atti della Society Ligustica di Scienze Naturali e Geografiche. 

Genova. 
1890— B.M.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

8.Vii.Bbn. See Omn. mm, B, T%. 

Annales de Math^matiques, pures et appliquees; Gergonne. Ntmes, 

Paris. 
1810—31. B.M.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.(B.); 
B.A.S.t.; B.S.; U.C.L. 

J The Geographical Journal. Including the Proceedings of the Boyal 

Geographical Society. London. 
1893— [ContinuatUm of: Proceedings, etc., 1857—92.] B.M.t.; 
Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S. ; Dub.B.I.A. ; Dub.T.C; 
Edinb.B.S. ; Edinb.U. ; Geol.M. ; Geol.S. ; Glasg.U. ; I.CE. ; 
Linn.S.; M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.; 
B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

Jbb Geographisches Jahrbuch. GK>tha. 

1866— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.i.; M.O.i.; N.H.M.i.; Oxon.B.; 
Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.S.; S.K. 

S. J. Journal of the Boyal Geographical Society of London. London. 

1832—80. B.M.; Camb.P.S.i.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; 
I.CE. ; Linn.S. ; M.O. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; Oxon.B. ; P.O. ; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 

Q^ A. P. Proceedings of the Boyal Geographical Society of London. London. 

1857—92. [Continued as: The' Geographical Journal, 1893 — ] 
Camb.P.S.i.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; 
Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B. 
Oxon.B.; P.O.i.; B.A.S.i.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; 8.K.; U.C.L.i. 
Berichte der Oberhessischen Gtosellschaft fiir Natur- und Heilkunde. 

Giessen. 
1847— B.M.i.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.B.D.S.i.; Dub.B.LA.i.; Edinb. 
B.S.i.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Linn.S.i.;N.H.M.; P.O.i.; B.Geogr. 
S.i.; B.S.i.; S.K. 
Annalen der Physik ; Gilbert. Halle und Leipzig. 
1799—1824. [Continued as : Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 1824—] 
Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.(B.); 
P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K. 
GilPs Technological [and Microscopic] Bepository. London. 
1827—30. [Continuation of: The Technical Bepository, 1822—27.] 
B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; LCE.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O. 
The Technical Bepository; Gill. London. 
1822—27. [Continued as: Gill's Technological [and Microscopic] 
Bepository, 1827—30.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; 
I.CE.i.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 

OlAoc. I. Biiff. T. Transactions of the Institution of Engineers [and Shipbuiders] in 

Scotland. Glasgow. 
1857— Camb.U.i.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; P.O.; U.C.L.i. 
See aiasff. T. Z. Bns* 
J Glasgow Medical Journal. Glasgow. 

xxxix c 2 



» • t 



List of Serial Publications 



1828—32; 1854— B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Dub.T.C. ; Edinb.U.f. ; 
Qlasg.U. ; Oxon.B.t. ; Ozon.B.t. ; Pharm.S.t. ; B.G.Surg. ; 
U.C.L.t. 

Olaaff. Fli. S. F. /Proceedings of the [Boyal] Philosophical Society of Glasgow. Glasgow. 

aiAHT- P- n&. B. 1841— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; 

< Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.i.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.f.; 
I B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

aiasff- T* Z- Biiff See Olasff- Z. Ens. T. 

01— nlng» Sc Gleanings in Science. Calcutta. 

1829-31. B.M. ; Edinb.B.S.t. ; I.CE. ; M.O.t. ; N.H.M. ; S.K. ; 
U.C.L.t. 

OLMff. The Geological Magazine or Monthly Journal of Geology. London. 

1864— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub.B.C.S.; Geol.M.; 
Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.t.; B.Geogr.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

OL 8. F. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London. London. 

1826—45. [Continued in: The Quarterly Journal, etc., 1845—] 
B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub.B.C.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; 
Dub.B.LA.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; 
I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.C.Suxg.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
OL S. 9J. The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London . London. 

1845— B.Nl.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.L; 
Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t. ; Glasg.U.; LCE. ; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

CI1.0T. Km. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and of the 

Museum of Economic Geology in London. London. 

1846— Camb.U.; Dub.B.C.S.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; 
Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

See Km. OL St. 

CI.Kt. Giomale di Matematiche ad uso degli Studenti delle University 

Italiane; Battaglini. Napoli. 
1863— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.CS.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Math.S.t.; 
Oxon.B.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 

OteL Ab. Abhandlungen der Naturf orschenden Gesellschaf t zu Gdrli tz . Gorlitz . 

1827— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.LA.t.; N.H.M.; 
B.S.; S.K. 

OdtlMb. BadL Gdtheborgs Kongl . Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhalles Handlingar . 

Gdtheborg. 
1850— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb. 
B.S.t.; N.H.M. ; B.S.t. 

CRklMli. W. BadL Nya Handlingar af Kongl. Wettenskaps och Witterhets Samhallet i 

Gdtheborg. Gdtheborg. 
1808—22. Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.S. 

Odtt. Ab. Abhandlungen der k . Gesellschaf t der Wissenschaften . Go ttingen . 

1838— [Conttniiattono/.Commentationes, etc., 1778—1837.] B.M.; 
Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.U.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.CSurg.t.; B.S.; U.CL.i. 

Odtt. Om. Commentationes Societatis BegisB Scientiarum Gottingensis. Got- 

tingsB. 
1778—1808. B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.i.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg. 

U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.CSurg.; B.S.; U.C.L. 
Commentationes recentiores Societatis, etc. GottingsB. 
1808—37. [CotUinued as: Abhandlungen, etc., 1838—] B.M.; 
Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 
B.A.S.i.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; U.C.L. 

Odtt. H!r. Nachrichten von der k. Gesellschaf t der Wissenschaften und der 

Georg-Augusts-Universitat zu Gottingen. Gottingen. 
1845— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; 
Dub.T.Ct.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t.; B.CSurg.t.; B.S. 

Odtt. Bind. V^. iStudien des Gdttingischen Vercins Bergmannischer Freunde ; 

Odn. V^. Btnd. ^ Haussmann. Gdttingen. 

(1824—58. Geol.S.t.; B.S.; S.K. 

xl 



List of Serial Fablications 

Aa.J. The Astronomical Journal ; GK>iild. Cambridge, Mass. 

1851—61. B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.; Ozon.B.t. ; 

B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K. 
See Aa. J. 
r. Mittheilangen des Natarwissenschaftlichen Yereins filr Steiermark. 
Gratz. 

1863— B.M.; Gamb.U.i.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Geol.S.; 
Linn.8.1.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 

See BtcUrm. Mt. 

kiifeb H£ Oo. Jte. Jahres-Berioht der Naturforschenden Gesellscbaft Graubiinden's. 

Chur. 
1854— B.llt.; Camb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.t. 
X. Jntt, Ta. ... Tijdschrift van het Koninklijk Instituut van Ingeniears. 's Graven- 

hage. 
1870— [Continuation of: Yerhandelingen, etc., 1848—69.] B.M.; 
I.CE.t.; P.O. 
ChraTMili. X. Xnc* Vli- •• Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut van Ingenieurs. 

's Gravenhage. 
1848—69. [Continued at: Tijdschrift, etc. 1870— ] B.M.; I.CE.t.; 
P.O. 

X. VL Vs. Untersuchungen aus dem Institute f iir Physiologie und Histologic in 

Graz. Leipzig. 
1870—73. B.M.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; R.S.t. 
»bto Ao. IMpli. BU. Bulletin de TAoad^mie Delphinale, ou Sooi^t^ des Sciences et Arts 

de Grenoble. Grenoble. 
1846— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Oxon.B.; B.S.t. 
Neue Analekten fur Erd- und Himmelskunde. Gruithuisen. 

Miinchen. 
1832-36. B.M.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
Archiv der Mathematik und Physik; Grunert. Greifswald, 

Leipzig. 
1841— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.B.C.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Glasg.U.; Math.S.i.; Oxon.B.(R.); B.S.; U.C.L.t. 
See Areli. Xtl&. rs. 

M«t. Opt. Beitrage zur Meteorologisohen Optik, etc.; Grunert. Leipzig. 

1848—50. B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; M.O.; R.A.S. 

d. T«lz. J. So. Jomal de Sciencias Mathematicas e Astronomicas, publicado pelo 

Dr Francisco Gomes Teixeira. Coimbra. 
1878— Math.S.; B.S.t. 

•ny's Boq^ 1^ Guy's Hospital Ileports. London. 

Ig36— Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; OxonJB.(B.); 
B.C.Surg.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 

C Zt. Gazzetta Chimica Italiana. Palermo. 

1871— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Edinb.U.; P.O.; 
B.S.t.; S.K. 

Archives du Mus^ Teyler. Haarlem. 

1866— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.; 

Glasg.P.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K. 
See BmrL Aroli. Ma. T«yL 

(Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de [Bataafsche] HoUandsche 
Maatsohappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem. Haarlem. 
1799— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 
N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
Anales de la Beal Academia de Ciencias Medicas, Fisicas y Naturales 
de la Habana. Be vista Cientifica. Habana. 

1864— N.H.M. 
. Naturwissenschaf tliche Abhandlungen ; Haidinger. Wien. 

1847—51. Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.i.; (Geol.S.; Linn.S.; 
N.H.M.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 

Berichte iiber die Mittheilungen von Freunden der Naturwissen- 
schaf ten in Wien; Haidinger. Wien. 

1847—51. Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.; 
N.H.M.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S. 

!M6moires et Publications de la Soci^t^ des Sciences, des Arts et des 
Lettres du Hainaut. Mons. 
1839— B.M.; Dub.T.C.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.S.t.; S.K. 

xli 



List of Serial Publications 



Balto Ab. Wf . Oo. 



Ban* m Cta. r wtatfhr. 

Balto Bbi, Ml Cta. 

SaltoZ. 

Ba]toZ.irir. 



BamlK srt. inr. All.. 



BIJ. Bijdragen tot de Natuorkandige Wetensohappen ; Hall, eto. 

Amsterdam. 
1826—32. B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K. 
Abhandlungen der Naturforsohenden Oesellsohaft zu Halle. Halle. 
1853— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t. ; Glaag.P.S.t. ; N.H.M. ; 

Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.; S.K. 
See BalU IK Gta. Ab. 

JahreBbericht der Naturforschenden Oesellschaft za Halle. Halle. 
1823—25. Glaag.P.S.t.; R.S. 
Jahresbericht des NaturwissenBohaftlichen Vereins f iir Sachsen and 

Thiiringen in Halle. Berlin. 
1848 — 52. [Continued as: Zeitsohrift ffir die gesammten Nator- 

wissensohaften, 1853—] Edinb.B.S. ; Geol.S.t. ; Glaag.P.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.S.; S.K.t. 

Ball* IVL Chk Ab. £f«« Ball« Ab. ir£ Os. 

Ball* Bi; Cta. B. Bericht liber die Sitzungen der Naturforsohenden Geaellschaft zu 

Halle. Halle. 
1853—92. B.M. ; Camb.U.t. ; Edinb.B.S.t. ; Glaag.P.S.t.; B.C. 

Surg.t.; B.S.t. 
See Ball« 8b. Tit. Os. 

Festschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft .zn Halle. Halle. 

1879. Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K. 

See Balto B£ Os. B. 

Zeitsohrift ftir die gesammten Naturwissensohaften ; heraasgegeben 

von dem Naturwissensohaftlichen Yereine ffir Sachsen und 

Thiiringen in Halle; Giebel. Berlin. 
1853 — [Continuation of : Jahresbericht des Natorwissenschaftlichen 

Vereins, 1848—52.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dnb.B.D.S.i.; 

Dub.B.I.A.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K. 
^Su Z. Bw. 

kb. Mtli. Chk Mt. Mitteilungen der Mathematischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg. Leipzig. 

1889— Math.S. 

Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Natarwissenschaften, heraosg. 

vom Naturwisaensch. Verein von Hamburg-Altona. Hamburg. 
1846— Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; 

B.S.; S.K. 
Verhandlungen des Naturwissensohaftlichen Vereins von Hamburg- 
Altona. Hamburg. 
1877—81; 1894— Dub.B.I.A.t.; Linn.S.t.; N-H.M.; B.S. 
Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen AnstaJten. 

Hamburg. 
1884— Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Linn.S^ N.H^M.; S.K. 
Hanndverische Annalen fiir die gesammte Heilkunde. Hannover. 
1836—46. B.M.; Glasfl.P.S.t.; B.C.Surg. 
Zeitschrift des Architekten- und Ingenieur- Vereins zu Hannover. 

Hannover. 

1855— Camb.U.t.; I.CE.; P.O. 
See BaarL MDi. TmfL Aroh. 

Annals of the Astronomical Observatory of Harvard College. Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 

1856— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Edinb.B.S.i. ; Glasg.U.t.; 
M.O.i.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t, 

Hedwigia: Notizblatt fiir kryptogamische Studien, nebst Bepertorium 

ftir kryptog. Literatur. Dresden. 
1852— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.N.L.I.; Glaag.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 

Linn.S.; N.H.M. 
/Verhandlungen des Naturhistorisch-Medicinischen Vereins zuHeidel- 
j berg. Heidelberg. 
^1857— Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; Geol.S.; Linn.S.t.; 

I N.H.M.t.; B.S.t. 

Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennios. Helsingfors. 
1842— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; 
Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.t. ; B.S.; 
S.K. 
dfr. Ofversigt af Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens . Fdrhandlingar. Hel- 
singfors. 

xlii 



Jb... 



BanB. Artilit.-V)r. Z. 
BanB. Z. Ajrelit.-V^. 



T«tL 



Oba. 



BddL Bt. MUL Vb. 
BetdL Vb. Bt. MUL 



List of Serial Publications 

1853— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.i.; Dob.R.D.S.; Dub.R.I.A.; 

Edinb.R.S.i.; Glasg.U.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; R.A.S.; 

B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S. 
Zeitsohrift fiir rationelie Medicin; Henle und Pfeafer. Zurich, 

Heidelberg, Leipzig. 
1844—69. B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.i. ; Oxon.B.; 

B.C.Surg.; B.8.; U.C.L. 
Bulletin des Neuesten und Wissenswiirdigsten aus der Naturwissen- 

schaft, etc.; Hermbstiidt. Berlin. 
1809 — 13. [Continued as: Museum des Neuesten, etc., 1814 — 18.] 

B.M.; Camb.U.; B.S. 
ibstidt Bb. Museum des Neuesten und Wissenswdrdigsten aus dem Gebiete der 

Naturwissenschaft, der Eunste, der Fabriken, der Manufakturen, 

der technischen G«werbe, der Landwirthschaft, der Produkten- 

waaren und Handelskunde, und der burgerlichen Haushaltung, 

etc.; Hermbstadt. Berlin. 
1814 — 18. [Continuation of: Bulletin des Neuesten, etc., 1809 — 13.] 

B.M.; Camb.U.; B.S. 
Yerhandlungen und Mittheilungen des Siebenburgischen Vereins 

fiir Naturwissenschaften. Hermannstadt. 
1850^ B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.E. 
S. T Transactions of the Hertfordshire Natural History Society and Field 

Club. London, Watford, Hertford. 
1880 — [Continuation of: Transactions of the Watford Natural 

History Society and Hertfordshire Field Club, 1875—79.] B.M.; 

Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Oeol.M.; Qeol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Linn.S.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; U.C.L. 
' Afhandlingar i Fysik, Kemi, och Mineralogie ; Hisinger ooh 

Berzelius. Stockholm. 
,1806—18. Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; N.H.M.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K. 
Tijdschrift voor Natuurlijke Geschiedenis en Physiologic; Hoeven 

en Vriese. Amsterdam. 
1834-45. B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M. 

HoUandisches Magazin der Naturkunde. Frankfurt-am-Main. 
1802—05. Glasg.P.S.i.; B.S. 
BuJUmnd J. Arsn. Journal der practischen Arzneykunde [und Wundarzneykunst] ; 

Hufeland, etc. Jena. 
1795—1844. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; B.C.Surg. 
BuBib. Humboldt. Monatsschrift fiir die gesammten Naturwissenschaften. 

Stuttgart. 
1882—90. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; P.O.; S.K. 

I.OB.F. Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, con- 
taining Abstracts of the Papers and of the Discussions. London. 
1837— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.C.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; 
Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; 
Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.i.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; 
S.K.; U.C.L. 
See OB. Z. F. 

Z. Asypt. BU. Bulletin de PInstitut Egyptien. Le Caire. 

1859— Camb.P.S.i.; Camb.U.i.; N.H.M.; B.Geogr.S.i.; U.C.L.i. 

Z^kat. S. Our. 8IL Bulletin de la Soci^t^ Ouralienne d' Amateurs des Sciences Naturelles. 

Ekaterinburg. 
1874— Edinb.B.S.i.; Geol.S.i.; N.H.M.i. 

Z. XtoeC B. J. Journal of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, late the Society 

of Telegraph Engineers and Electricians. London. 
1890 — [Continuation of: Journal of the Society of Telegraph 
Engineers and Electricians, 1872 — 89.] B.M. ; Camb.P.S.i.; 
Camb.U.; Dub.T.C.i.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.; 
Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

IL CM. St. Mm. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India. Calcutta. 

1869— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.B.C.S.; 
Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; 
LCE.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; U.C.L.i. 
n Cimento, Bivista di Scienze, Lettere, ed Arti. Torino. 
1852—^. B.M. 

xliii 



List of Serial Publications 



n TMnpo 

X. 



XnttfLOlM. 



XIFolit. II Politeonioo; Bepertorio mensile di Studj applioati alia Prosperity 

e Goltura eooiale. 
1839—44; 1860-65. 
n Politeonioo; Bepertorio di Studj letterarj, soientifici e tecnici. 

Milano. 
1866— B.M.i.; I.CE.t.; P.O. 
II Progresso delle Scienze, Lettere, ed Arti. Napoli. 
First series undated ; Second series 1882 — 64. Camb.U.; Oxon.B. 
n Tempo, Qiomale Italiano di Medicina, etc. Firenze. 
1858—60. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t. 
F. y Institution of Meohanical Engineers. Proceedings. Birmingham, 

London. 
1847— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Glasg.P.S.; 

Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.8.; S.K.i.; U.C.L. 
See BOB. Z. P. 
Z. BEn. B. T Transactions of the Institution of Mining Engineers. Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne. 
1898 — [Cmitinuation of: Transactions of the Federated Institution 

of Mining Engineers, 1889—98.] Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; 

Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; S.K. 
Der Ingenieur; Zeitschrift fiir das gesammte Ingenieurwesen ; 

Bomemann. Freiberg. 

1848—50. B.M.; I.CE.; P.O. 
Nuova Collezione di Opuscoli e Notizie di Scienze ; Inghirami. Fiesole. 
1820—23. B.M. 

Zeitschrift des Ferdinandeums fiir Tirol und Vorarlberg. Innsbruck. 
1862— B.M.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlich-Medizinischen Yereins in Inns- 
bruck. Innsbruck. 
1870— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.i.; Dub.B.I.A.t. ; Linn.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 
The Intellectual Observer ; a Beview of Natural History, Microscopic 

Besearch, and Becreative Science. London. 
1862—68. [Continuation of: Becreative Science, 1859—62.] [Con- 

tinned as: The Student and Intellectual Observer, 1868 — 71.] 

B.M.; Camb.U.; Geol.S.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; 

Pharm.S.i.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.t.; S.K. 
' Comptes-Bendus [Atti, Yerhandlungen, Transactions] du Congr^s 

International de M^decine. Paris, etc. 
1867— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S. i.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg. 
See Off. Znt. Xd. O. B. and Off. Md. Int. At. 
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Sciences. Des Moines. 
1875— B.M.i.; Edinb.B.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.S.t.; 

U.C.L.i. 
Proceedings of the Boyal Irish Academy. (Science.) Dublin. 
1836— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I. ; 

Dub.B.C.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; 

M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; 

B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
Transactions of the Boyal Irish Academy. Science. Dublin. 
1787— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I.; 

Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.LA. ; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.t.; 

Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t*.; LCE.; Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; M.O.t.; 

N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.i. ; Oxon.B. ; P.Q.i. ; B.A.S. ; B.C.Surg. ; 

B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Xr. OL S. J. Journal of the Boyal Geological Society of Ireland. London , Dublin, 

Edinburgh. 
1864—87. [ Continuation of: Journal of the Geological Society of 

Dublin. 1833—64.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.C.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; 

Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; Glasg.P.S.t,; 

Glasg.U.t.; LCE.t. ; Linn.S.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; 

B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S. 
The Irish Naturalist: A Monthly Journal of General Irish Natural 

History. Dublin, Belfast, London. 
1892— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.B.C.S.; 

Dub.T.C; Geol.M.i.; Geol.S.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; S.K. 

xliv 



ZBt.Md.08.T. 
ZBti Md. Off. Vll. 



Xowa Ao. Se. F. 



Xr. Ac F. 



Zr. Ao. T. 



Xr. Vttist. 



List of Serial Publications 

Bulletin de la Soei^t^ de Statistique, des Soienoes Naturelles, et des 

Arts Industriels du d^partement de PIsdre. Grenoble. 
1838— B.M.t.; N.H.M.; Ozon.B.; B.S.t. 

I. A 8. 1. J. The Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute. London. 

1872— Camb.U. ; Chem.S.i. ; Dub.B.D.S. ; Dub.B.I.A. ; Dub.T.C; 
Edinb.U.; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S. ; Glasg.P.S.t. ; ^Glasg.U.t.; 
I.CE.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Z. 8oil<rmy Tr. Institut Solvay. Travaux de Laboratoire. Bruxelles. 

1896— Glasg.P.S.t.; B.S. 

Zt.8.0L8IL Bollettino della Society Geologioa Italiana. Borne. 

1882— B.M.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.^ N.H.M.; Oxon.B. 

It. S. Mtot. An. Annuario Meteorologico Italiano pubblioato per oura del Comitate 

direttivo della Society Meteorologica Italiana. Torino, Boma, 
Firenze. 
1885—92 B.M.; M.O. 



Jmm.Z.J. Journal of the Institute of Jamaica. Kingston, Jamaica. 

1891— B.M.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.; 
B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K. 

J. JkaaL O. The Journal of Analytical [and Applied] Chemistry. Easton, Pa. 

1887—93. Chem.S.; P.O.t. 

J. An. VL The Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, normal and pathological. 

London, Cambridge, Edinburgh. 
1867— B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; 
Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 
B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Jap. Am, 0. T Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan. Yokohama. 

1872— B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Edinb.B.S. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S. 

Jmp. Iliiliin. S. T Transactions of the Seismological Society of Japan. Yokohama. 

1880 — 92. [Continued a$ : Seismological Journal of Japan, 1893 — 95.] 
Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; 
N.H.M.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 

Berg- und Hiittenmannisches Jahrbuch der k.k. Schemnitzer- 

Bergakademie und der k.k. Montan-Lehranstalten zu Leoben und 
Pribram. Wien. 
1851— B.M.t.; Geol.S.t.; I.CE.t.; P.O.t.; S.K. 
See Bars- Sm. Jb., Leoben B«r8- Bm> Jl>>, and W1«b B«r8- 
Bm. Jb. 

Jahrbuch f iir das Berg- und Hiittenwesen im Kdnigreiche Saohsen. 

Freiberg. 

1873 — [Continuation of : Jahrbuch fiir den Berg- und Hiittenmann, 
1837—72.] B.M.; Geol.S.; LCE.; N.H.M.t.; P.O.; S.K. 

Jbk MUnw. V«d. Xnd. Jaarboek van het Mijnwezen in Nederlandsch Oost-IndiS. Amsterdam. 

1872— B.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; I.CE.; N.H.M.; P.O.; S.K.t. 
J. Bt. The Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. London. 

1863— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.t. ; Dub.B.C.S. ; Glasg.U.; 
Linn.S. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; Pharm.S. ; P.O.t. ; B.C.Surg.t. ; 
B.S.t.; S.K.t. 

J. O. MM. Journal de Chimie M^cale, de Pharmacie, et de Toxicologic. 

Paris. 
1825—76. B.M.; Camb U.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 
Oxon.B. (B.);Pharm.S.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.t. 

J.d«PB. Journal de Physique, de Chimie, et d*Histoire Naturelle; de 

Lam^therie, etc. Paris. 
1794—1823. B.M. ; Camb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.t.; 
Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

J. 6m PSi Journal de Physique Th^rique et Appliqu^e ; d' Almeida. Paris. 

1872— Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.C.S.; Glasg.U.t.; LCE.t.; 
Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 

Jmuu Sb. Sitzungsberichte der Jenaischen G^sellschaft fiir Medicin und 

Naturwissenschaft. Jena. 
1877—86. Edinb.B.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K. 

J«aa. S. Jenaische Zeitschrift ftir Naturwissenschsift, herausg. von der 

Medicinisch - Naturwissenschaf tlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena. 
Jena. 

1864- B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; 

xlv 



List of Serial Publications 

Dub.B.D.S.t.; Edinb.B.S. ; Edinb.U.t.; Olasg.U.t. ; Linn.S. ; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.R.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; 8.K.; U.C.L. 

JteB-Kont.A. Jem-Eontoret*s Annaler. En Tidskrift fdr Svenska Bergshand- 

teringen. Stockholm. 
1817— B.M.; I.CE.t.; P.O.; R.S.i.; S.K. 

J.CI4b.CM,t« Journal da O^nie Civil des Sciences et des Arts. Paris. 

1828—48. B.M.i.; Camb.U.; P.O. 

J. B. Va. Olr. The Johns Hopkins University Circulars. Baltimore. 

1879— Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U. ; Dub.N.L.I.t. ; Dub.B.I.A.». ; 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Qlasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.i.; Math.S.t.; 
N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; Oxon.R.; R.A.S.t.; R.Geogr.S.f.; R.S.; 
S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

J. X. Arfililp. Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia. Singapore. 

1847—58. B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; Qlasg.P.S.t.; 
N.H.M.; P.O.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S.; S.K.t. 

J. XAdw. Journal fiir Landwirthsohaf t. Celle, Grdttingen, Berlin. 

1863— B.M.i.; P.O.i. 

J. Mcrgr. Journal de Miorographie. Paris. 

1877—92. Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; OxonJt.; P.O.f. 

J. X6r. Be. Quarterly Journal of MicroscopiciJ Science ; Lankester and Busk . 

London. 
1863— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem^i.; Dub.N.L.I. 
Dub.R.C.S. ; Edinb.R.S. ; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S. 
Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. t.; Oxon.R.; Pharm.S. 
P.O.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
See BKer. J. and Q J. Mer. Be. 

J. M/UL Ohir. Fbin. Journal de M^ecine, Chirurgie, Pharmaoie, etc. Paris. 

1801—17. [Continued as: Nouveau Journal de Mddecine, etc. 
1818—22.] Edinb.U.t.; R.C.Surg.; R.S. 

J. BUnMi Journal des Mines, ou Recueil de M^moires sur Pexploitation des 

Mines, et sur les Sciences et les Arts qui s*y rapportent. Paris. 
1794—1816. [Continued as: Annales des Mines, 1817—] B.M.; 
Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.R.S.; Geol.S.; I.CE.; Linn.S.i.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.(R.); R.S.i.; S.K. 

J. nun. Journal de Pharmacie et des Sciences acoessoires. Paris. 

1816 — 41. [Continuation of: Bulletin de Pharmacie, 1809 — 14.] 
[Continued as: Journal de Pharmacie et de Chimie, 1842 — ] 
Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; 
Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.i.; U.C.L.i. 

J. n. Ptlu Oin. Journal de Physiologic et de Pathologic G^n^rale. Paris. 

1899 — [Continuation of: Archives de Physiologic, etc., 1868 — 
98.] B.M.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.i.; OxonJl.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; 
U.C.L. 

J. Fr. O Journal fur praktische Chemie; Erdman, etc. Leipzig. 

1834 — [Continuation of: Journal fiir technische und dkonomische 
Chemie, 1828—33.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; 
Dub.R.C.S.i.; Dub.R.D.S.i.; Edinb.R.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.R.; Pharm.S.i.; P.O.; R.C.Surg.i.; R.S.; 
S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
See Brdm. J. Fr. O. 

J. Fa. O. The Journal of Physical Chemistry. Ithaca, N.Y. 

1896— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Edinb.R.S.; 
Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.R.; P.O.; R.S.i.; S.K. 

J. BaT. Journal des Savants. Paris. 

1816— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.i.; 
Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.R.; P.O.i.; R.S. 

J. Be. The Journal of Science and Annals of Astronomy, Biology, Geology, 

Industrial Arts, Manufactures and Technology. London. 
1879 — 86. [Contimmtion of: The Quarterly Journal of Science, 
1864—78.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.Li.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; 
Pharm.S.i.; P.O.; R.A.S.i.; R.C.Surg.i.; R.S.; S.K. 

J. T4L Journal TM^graphique public par le Bureau International des 

Administrations T^l^graphiques. Berne. 
1869— P.O. 

"Eaokm Ae. Be. T Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Topeka, Kansas. 

xlvi 



List of Serial Publications 

1872— Gftmb.P.S.t. ; Dub.R.I.A. ; Edmb.B.S.f. ; Oeol.S.t. ; 
Glaag.P.S.i. ; Linn.S.i; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; R.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 

Q The Kansas University Quarterly. Laurence, Kansas. 

1893— B.M.t.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Oeol. 

S.t.; Glasg.P.S.i. ; Nfath.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
Yerhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Karlsruhe. 

Karlsruhe. 
1864— B.M.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M. 
See Oaxlmi]i« Vb. Ww. V^. 
TiinilmB, Jb. ... Jahrbuch des Naturhistorisohen Landesmuseums von Kfimten. 

Klagenfurt. 
1862— Camb.U.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.t. 
Archiv fiir Mineralogie, G^ognosie, Bergbau, und Hiittenkunde; 

Karsten. Berlin. 
1829—66. B.M.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.: N.H.M.; P.O.; 

B.S. 
Archiv fiir Bergbau und Hiittenwesen ; Karsten. Berlin, Breslau. 
1818—31. N.H.M.; P.O.; B.8.; S.K. 
Vjr. Wt. Ab. VL B. Abhandlungen u. Bericht...de8 Vereins fiir Naturkunde zu Kaseel* 

Kassel. 
1894—98. [Cmtinuatumqf: Bericht, etc., 1837-94.] Edinb.B.S.t.; 
Glasg-P.S.t.; N.H.M. 

V^. Wt. B Bericht des Yereines fiir Naturkunde zu Kassel. Kassel. 

1837—94. {Continued a»: Abhandlungen u. Bericht, etc. 1894—98.] 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.t. 
il Vt, Wt. Fastsotar. Festschrift des Vereins ftir Naturkunde zu Oassel zur Feier seines 

fiinfzigjahrigen Bestehens. Oassel. 
1886. N.H.M. 

O Archiv fiir Ohemie und Meteorologie ; Kastner. Numberg. 

1830—36. Edinb.B.S.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.; B.S. 

Archiv fiir die gesammte Naturlehre ; Kastner. Niimberg. 

1824—36. B.M.; N.H.M.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.t.; S.K. 

Scientific Memoirs published by the Imperial University of Kazan. 

[In Bussian.] Kazan. 
1834— B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; 

Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.i.; B.S.t. 
See Kasan Vb. Mm. 
■. JKX, (P$,'Mth.) F. Proceedings of the Physico-Mathematical Section of the Naturalists' 

Society of the Imperial University of Kazan. [In Bussian.] Kazan. 
1883—90. [Continued as: Bulletin de la Soci^t^ Physico-Math6- 
matique de Kasan, 1891 — ] B.S. 

S. Wt. T Transactions of the Naturalists' Society of the Imperial University 

of Kazan. [In Bussian.] Kazan. 
1871— B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 
S. Pa.-aitli. BIL ... Bulletin de la Soci6t^ Physico-Mathdmatique de Kasan. [In Bussian.] 

Kasan. 
1891 — [Continuation of: Proceedings of the Physico-Mathematioal 
Section of the Naturalists' Society of the Imperial University of 
Kazan, 1883—90.] Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; B.S.t. 

Vb. Xm. See Waman Mm. Un. 

Communications and Proceedings of the Mathematical Society of 

the Imperial University of Kharkov. [In Bussian.] Kharkov. 
1879— B.S.t. 

Schriften der Universitat zu Kiel. Kiel. 

1856—80. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; N.H.M.t.; 
Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S. ; B.S.; S.K.t. 

8b irt. Mm. Memoirs of the Kiev Naturalists' Society. [In Bussian.] Kiev. 

1870— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Dub.B.LA.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; 
B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.t. 

VS^ Bt. F. aidd. Meddelelser fra den Botaniske Forening i Kjjtfbenhavn. Kj£rbenhavn. 

1882—91. Linn.S. 
IQ^ Oaxtsb. Lb. BUd. ... Meddelelser fra Carlsberg Laboratoriet. Kjitfbenhavn. 

1876— B.M.; Chem.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.; B.S. 
Xl6b.Dii.Vd. 8«lak. Afli. fDet Kongelige Danske Videnskabemes Selskabs naturvidenskabelige 



•IQ^ Dn. Vd. Milk Am. 



og mathematiske Afhandlinger. Kidbenhavn. 
1824—46. B.M.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; 
N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K. 

xlvii 



List of Serial Publications 



WkSb. Da. Vd. StUk. Skr. 
W^6h, Bn. Vd. S«Uk. 8kr. 



m^. Dn. Vd. ^•lik. Skr. 

Kldb.8lar. 

U^Skr 

Xidto.Ov. 

U^Ov 

DdlKOv. 



T^brs. :fats. 



WHnlgrtii Ww. Vntorh. 



' Det Eongelige Danske Videnskabemes Selskabs Skrivter. Eiobenhavn. 
1801—18. B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Gamb.U.; £dinb.B.S.; N.H.M. ; 

Oxon.B.; R.S. 
See Dn. Vd. 8«Uk. Slur. 
Det Kongelige Danske Yidenakabemes Selakabs Skrifter. Natur- 

videnskabelig og Mathematisk Afdeling. Ej^benhavn. 
1849— B.M. ; Camb.U.t. ; Edinb.R.S. ; Linn.S. ; N.H.M. ; B.A.S. ; 

B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 
Oversigt over det Eongelige Danske Yidenakabemes Selskabs For- 

handlinger. Ejobenhavn. 
1806— Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U.t.; Ghem.S.t. ; Dub.B.D.S.i. ; Dab. 
1 B.l.A.t.; Dub.T.C.i.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn. 

S.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.i.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 
V B.8.; S.E.i.; U.C.L.i. 
Ertesitd a **Eoloz8vari Orvo8-Term68zettadom4nyi T&rsalat" -nak 

az...orvo8i, term^szettudom4nyi szaktU^seirdl.... [Proceedings 

of the medical and natural history sections of the Elaosenborg 

Medical and Natural History Society.] Eolozsv&r [Elausenburg]. 
1876—79. N.H.M. 

Ednigsberger Naturwissenschaftliche Unterhaltungen. Ednigsberg. 
1842—46. Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.S. 
Schriften der koniglichen Physikalisch-Oekonomisohen Gtesellsohaft 

zu Eonigsberg. Ednigsberg. 
1860— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Linn.S.; 

N.H.M.; P.O.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.E. 
(Lw.) Eosmos. Czasopismo polskiego Towarzystwa przyrodnikdw imienia 

Eopemika. [Cosmos. The Journal of the Polish Society of 

Naturalists founded in honour of Copernicus.] Lwow. 
1876— B.M.; N.H.M. 
PamiQtnik Akademii UmieJQtno^i w Erakowie. Wydzia4' Mate- 

matyczno-Przyrodniczy. [Memoirs of the Academy of Science in 

Cracow. Section of Mathematics and Natural Science.] Erak6w. 
1874— B.M.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M. 
Bozprawy — Wydziatu Matematyczno - Przyrodniczego Akademii 

UmieJQtno^i. [Proceedings of the Section of Mathematics and 

Natural Science of the Academy of Science.] Erak6w. 
1874— B.M. ; Camb.U.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 

N.H.M. 
Bocznik Towarzystwa Naukowego z Uniwersytetem Erakowskim 

Poladzonego. Erakowie. [Annals of the Scientific Society of the 
1 Polish University of Erakow. Erakow.] 
1 1817— 72. B.M.; Glasg.U.t. 



(Mt.-Prz.) 



{Mt.-Prz.) 
(Mt.'Prz.) 
* 8p 



Bocmn. Vni' 



]«amont Jb. SUmw. 



Annalen fiir Meteorologie, Erdmagnetismus, und verwandte Gegen- 

stande; Lament. Miinchen. 
1842—44. Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; M.O.; B.S.; S.E. 
Jahrbuch der E. Stemwarte bei Miinchen ; Lament. Mtinchen. 
.. 1838—41. B.M.; Camb.U.; B.A.S.; B.S. 

S. T /Proceedings and Papers of the Lancashire and Cheshire Historic 

T. BIst. 8. Society. Liverpool. 

/1849 — 54. [Continued at: Transactions, etc., 1855 — ] B.M. ; 
I Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
V. Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B. t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S. 

8. Vd. Bulletin des Stances de la Soci^t^ Yaudoise des Sciences Naturelles. 

Lausanne. 
1842— Dub.B.D.S.t. ; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; 

Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B. t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S. ; S.E.t. 
See ZAUfl. m, Vd. BU. 
.. Comptes Bendus de la Soci^t^ Suisse. Lausanne. 
1861. Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
Lausitzische [und neue Lausitzische] Monatsschrift. Organ der 

Oberlausitzischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften. Gdrlitz. 
1800—08. B.M. 
.. See Zaiu. BIL 8. Vd. 

The Laboratory, a Weekly Becord of Scientific Besearoh. 

London. 
1867. B.M.; Chem.S.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.S. 

xlviii 



Lans. O. X. 8. 8iiis««. 



lAiia. 8. Vd. BU. 
Z.1>. 



List of Serial Publications 



&«ie. Sta T The Transactions of the Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society. 

Leicester. 
1835— Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.; Oeol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Linn.S.i.; 
M.O.i.; N.H.M.t. ; Oxon.B.; P.O.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

&0Jd. Jkm Jke. Annales AcademisB Lagduno-BatavsB. Leijden. 

1815—75. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.C. 
Saig.t.; B.S.i.; U.C.L.i. 

la^ip. Ab. Jablon. Cta. Abhandlungen bei Begriindung der k. Sachsisohen Gresellschaft der 

Wissenschaften am Tage der zweihundertjahrigen Oeburtsfeier 
Leibnizens; herausg. v. d. Jablonowski'schen Gesellschaft za 
Leipzig. Leipzig. 
1846. Camb.U.; Dub.R.LA.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.; B.A.S.; B.S.; 
S.K. 

Itmip. AlK Mttu F», Abhandlungen der Mathematisch-Physischen Classe der Kdniglich 

Sachsischen (Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften. Leipzig. 
1852— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Glasg.U. ; Math.S.i. ; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; R.A.S.; B.S.; 
S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
See Xi«tp. Kth. Pb. Ah. 

, Arbei ten aus der Physiologisohen Anstalt zu Leipzig. Leipzig. 

1866—76. Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S. 

Yiertel j ahrsschrif t der Astronomisohen Gesellschaft. Leipzig. 

1866— B.M.; Camb.P.S.i.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K. 
B Berichte liber die Verhandlungen (Math.-Phys. Classe) der Kdnig- 
lich Sachsischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig. 
Leipzig. 

1846— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Glasg.U.; Math.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S.; 
S.K.i.; U.C.L.t. 

See L^lp. Mth. Fb. B. 
Jablon. riBl—iilii'. Preisschriften gekront und herausgegeben von der Fiirstlich Jab- 
lonowski'schen Gresellschaft zu Leipzig. Leipzig. 

1847— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.i. ; N.H.M. ; 
Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t.; B:S.f.; U.C.L.i. 

Mm. ra. Ah, See Xi«ip. Ab. Xtb. Vs. 

lKt]i.Fa.B. 5«eX.elp.B. 

lf!£ €ta. 8b^ Sitzungsberichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Leipzig. 

Leipzig. 
1875— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.i.; 
S.K. 

Bl«etr. S. V. Proceedings of the London Electrical Society. London. 

1841 — 43. [Continuation of: Transactions and Proceedings, 
1837—40.] B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Chem.S. ; Geol.S. ; Glasg.P.S.i. ; 
LCE.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 
Jli. ... Berg- und Hiittenmannisches Jahrbuch der k.k. Sohemnitzer- 
Bergakademie und der k. k. Montan-Lehranstalten zu Leoben 
und Pribram. Wien. 
1851— B.M.i.; Geol.S.i.; LCE.i.; P.O.i.; S.K. 
See B«r8- Hm. Jb., Jb. Bws- Bm., and UVlen B«r8- Bm. Jb. 
n,BroiinW. Jb. Neues Jahrbuch fiir Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologic und Petre- 

faktenkunde ; Leonhard und Bronn. Stuttgart. 
1833—62. [Continuation of: Jahrbuch fiir Mineralogie, etc., 1830 — 
32.] [Continued as: Neues Jahrbuch fiir Mineralogie, Geologic 
und Palaontologie, 1863—] B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.i.; 
Dub.B.D.S.i.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.i.; N.H.M. ; 
Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K.i. 

Jkm 8. Ac- ( Annales de la Soci^t^ d' Agriculture, Sciences, etc. , du Puy. Le Puy. 

8. As. A. (1826- Geol.S.i.; N.H.M. 

Les Mondes, Bevue hebdomadaire des Sciences et de leurs 

Applications aux Arts et k I'lndustrie; TAbb^ F. Moigno. 
Paris. 
1863—84. B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.N.L.I.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; I.CE.i.; 
M.O.i.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.i.; S.K.i. 

L'Institut; Journal des Academies et Soci6t6s Scientifiques de la 

France et de I'Etranger. Paris. 
1833—76. B.M.i.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.i.; Geol.S.i.; 

xlix 



List of Serial Publications 



XdokObikOt. 

za«b. A. 

Xd48« JL Ao. 

Xd^ Zib. rs«d. Tr.. 

Zd«8«llin.l 

Zd4s« 0. OL 
f.wi^ BSni..... 

UUmB^VbL 

XdlleS. 
XdlleTr. 

zaiteTr. 
TilnilOTim Z.... 
Unima 

LiOIIT. J. 

UonY. J. Mtb. 

Usto. Ae. 0e. 

Usb.Aet. ... 

XJtfb. A. 
zaab. J. Se. 



Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.(B.); P.O.t,; B.C.Surg.t.; R.S.t.; 

S.K.». 
Contributions from the Lick Observatory. Sacramento. 
1889—95. B.M.t.; Edinb.B.S.; B.A.S. 
Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie; Liebig« etc. Lemgo, Leipzig, 

Heidelberg. 
1832— B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.i.; Dab.B.G.S.t.; 

Edinb.B.S.i. ; Edinb.U. ; Glasg.P.S. ; Glasg.U.t. ; N.H.M. ; 

Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.i.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
See A. O. Finn. 

Annales Academic Leodiensis. Li^ge. 

1817—27. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; R.S. 
University de Li^ge. Institut de Physiologic. Travauz du Laboratoire 

de L6on Fredericq. Paris, Li^e. 
1886— Edinb.B.i.; Glasg.P.S.».; B.S. 
M^moires de la Soci^t6 [Boyale] des Sciences, de PAgrioulture, et 

des Arts k Li^ge. Li^ge. 
1843— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.i.; Geol.S.; 

Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; P.O.; 

B.S. ; S.K. 
See Xd48« 8. Be. Mm. 

Annales de la Soci^t^ G^ologique de Belgique. Li^. 
1874— Camb.P.S. ; Geol.M. ; Geol.S.; I.CE.t.; N.H.M. ; B.S. ; 

S.K.t. 
See U«s« Mm. B. 0e. 

M6moires de la Soci^t^ [Boyale] des Sciences, etc. k Lille. Lille. 
1827—96. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 

B.S.t. 
S^M Xdlle 8. Mm. 

S^nces PubUques de la Soci^t^ des Amateurs. Lille. 
1806—19. [Contintted as: Becueil des Travaux, etc., 1819—27.] 

B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B. 
See IAUI& Mbn. 
Becueil des Travaux de la Soci^t6 d'Amateurs des Sciences, de 

PAgriculture, et des Arts k Lille. Lille. 
1819—27. [Continuation of: Stances Publiques, etc., 1806—19.] 

B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 
Travaux et M^moires de PUniversit^ de Lille. Lille. 
1889— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.LA.; N.H.M.; 

B.S.; S.K.t* 
Zeitschrif t f iir Astronomic und verwandte Wissenschaften ; Lindenau. 

Tubingen. 
1816—18. B.M.; Camb.U.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
Linmsa; ein Journal ftir die Botanlk in ihrem ganzen Umfange. 

Berlin. 
1826—82. B.M. ; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S. ; 

N.H.M.; B.S. 
Journal de Math^matiques pures et appliqu^es, fond^ par Joseph 

Llouville. Paris. 
1836— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Edinb.U.; 

Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.i.; Oxon.B.(B.); B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Historia e Memoriae da Academia Beal das Sciencias de Lisboa. 

Lisboa. 
1797— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

B.A.S.; B.CSurg.i.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.i.; S.K.i. 
See Zdsb. Sbn. Ae. Be. 

Actas das SessSes da Academia Beal das Sciencias de Lisboa. Lisboa. 
1849—61. B.M.; Dub.B.LA.; Dub.T.C; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; 

B.S. 
Annaes maritimos e ooloniaes. Lisboa. 
1840—45. N.H.M.; Oxon.B.i.; B.Geogr.S.i. 
Jomal de Sciencias mathematicas, physicas e naturaes. Publicado 

sob OS auspicios da Academia B. das Sciencias de Lisboa. 

Lisboa. 
1868— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.i.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Geol.S.; 

Linn.S.; Math.S.i. ; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S. ; B.Geogr.S. ; 

B.S.; U.C.L.i. 

1 



List of Serial Publications 



Xdslk abn. Ac Be. See lAtlb, £Lc Be 

l»m aid. Pa. J. The Medical and Physical Journal. Londpn. 

1799—1833. B.M.: Camb.U.i.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Oxon.B. ; 
Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; B.C.Surg. 
&. Mill. S. F. Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society. London. 

1865— B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U. ; Dub.B.LA. ; Dub.T.C. ; 
Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Math.S.; Oxon.B.i.; Oxon.B.; 
B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

&ii4w. Jh, Landwirthschaf tliche Jahrbiicher . Berlin. 

1872 — [Continuation of: Annalen der Landwirthsohaft, 1843 — 71.] 
B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.i.; Gla8g.P.S.i.; Linn.S.t.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 

.0t. Die landwirthschaftlichen Versuchs-Stationen. Organ fiir wisaen- 

schaftliche Forschungen auf dem Oebiete der Landwirthschaft. 
Dresden, Chenmitz. 
1869— B.M.i.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.; P.0.<.; 

B.S.t. 
See J^rmrndBU. XAdw. V.-Bt. 

Od. B. T Transactions of the Odontological Society. London. 

1856— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.i. ; Oxon.B.; 
Pharm.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 

Lotos. Zeitschrift fiir Naturwissenschaf ten. Prag. 

1851—95. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; N.H.M. 

Annales AcademisB Lovaniensis. Bruxelles, Louvain. 

1821—27. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Oxon.B.; B.S. 

, Leopoldina: amtliches Organ der Kaiserlichen Leopoldino- 

Carolinischen Deutschen Akademie der Naturforsoher. Dres- 
den, Halle. 
1859— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.i.; Edinb.B.S.t. ; Linn.S.; 
M.O.i.; N.H.M.; B.A.S.t.; B.S. 

Pol3rtechnio Magazine and Journal of Science, Literature and the 

Fine Arts. London. 
1844. [Continued as ; The London Polytechnic Beview and Maga- 
zine, 1845.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U. 

&pooL 8L B. P. * T Proceedings and Transactions of the Liverpool Biological Society, 

Liverpool. 
1890— [Continuation of: Proceedings, 1887—89.] Camb.U.i. ; 
Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; S.K. 

&PO0L Lt. Fli. B. F. Proceedings of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 

London, Liverpool. 
1844— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.t.; 
Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; I.CE.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.i.; 
P.O.i.; B.A.S.i.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

LpooL Xd. Oliir. J. Liverpool Medico-Chirurgi^ Journal. Liverpool. 

1857—59. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Oxon.B.; B.CSurg. 

&. Fa. B. F. Proceedings of the Physical Society of London. London. 

1874— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.CS.; Dub. 
B.D.S. ; Dub.B.LA. ; Dub.T.C. ; Edinb.B.S.t'. ; Geol.S.i. ; 
Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.i.; Math.S.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.; B.A.S.; B.CSurg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

bneea At. Ae. AttideliaB. AccademiaLucchesedi Scienze,Lettereed Arti. Lucca. 

1821— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.Ci.; Oxon.B.i. 

&I1II1. ikimet, La Lumidre Electrique. Journal universel d'Electricit^. Paris. 

1879—94. B.M.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.; P.O.; S.K.i. 

build. Aeta Vb. Acta Universitatis Lundensis. Lunds Universitets Irs-skrift. 

Afdelningen fdr Mathematik och Naturvetenskap. Lund. 
1864— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.i.; 
Geol.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K.i, 
See Lund. Vn. Acta. , 

Itvad Fltira. BJlUik. Arab. Physiographiska Sallskapets Arsberattelse. Lund. 

1828—24. B.S.i. 
bond Fliya. fHIIrt' Ts.... Physiografiska Sallskapets Tidskrift. Lund. 

1837—88. Camb.U.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

bund. mi. Acta See iMund. Jkcta, Vn. 

Jahreshef te des Naturwissenschaf tlichen Vereins fur das Furstenthum 

Liineberg. Liineberg. 

1866— N.H.M. 

li 



II11Z.Z.F1I. 



ItXLX, Fb. I.. 



List of Serial Publications 

Publications de Tlnstitut Boyal Grand-Ducal de Luxembourg. 

Section des Sciences Naturelles et Math^matiques : oi-devant 

"Soci6t6 des Sciences Naturelles.*' Luxembourg. 
1870— Dub.R.D.S. ; Dub.R.LA. ; Edinb.R.S.i.; N.H.M. ; 

R.S.t. 
Soci^t^ des Sciences Naturelles du Grand-Duoh6 de Luxembourg. 

Luxembourg. 
1853—69. Dub.B.I.A.; B.S. 
M^moires de I'Acad^ie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de 

Lyon. Classe des Sciences. Lyon, Paris. 
1846— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
See l»yom BKm. Ae. 

Lyon A. 8. & Annales de la Soci^t^ Linn^ne de Lyon. Lyon. 

1836— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Linn.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.».(B.); B.S.».; S.K.t. 



l»uxm 8. Be. 
Lux. 8. Sent. 



Lyon Ae. 

Lyon Ae. Mm. (Be.) 

Lyon Ae. fle. 



J:^S:i::-»;.::::::;::t ««'"»*«• 

XiyonS. As. A. Annales des Sciences physiques et naturelles, d 'Agriculture et 

d'lndustrie, publics par la Soci6t6 d' Agriculture, etc. 
1888—67. 
Annales de la Soci^t^ d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts 

Utiles de Lyon. Lyon. 
1868— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
Lyon B. Be. ISd. Mm. ... M6moires et Comptes-Bendus de la Sooi^t^ des Sciences M^cales 

de Lyon. Lyon, Paris. 
1862— Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C.Surg.t. 

tdjcn TTtk. A. Annales de PUniversitd de Lyon. Paris, Lyon. 

1891— B.M.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.t.; B.S.t. 



Annales de P Academic de M&con, Soci^t^ des Arts, Sciences, Belles- 
Lettres et d'Agriculture. M&con. 
1861— B.M.; B.S.t. 

Bl4eon B. A«. O. B. (Compte Bendu des Travaux de la Soci^t^ (d'Agriculture,) des 

BC4oon B. O. &. ... < Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de M&con. MAoon. 

11807—62. B.M t.; B.S.t. 

Btedsms Bns. Bp. Beports, etc. on various professional subjects connected with the 

duties of the Corps of Engineers of the Madras Presidency; 
Capt. J. T. Smith, F.B.S. Madras. 
1839-46. I.CE.; P.O.; B.S. 

Madras J. The Madras Journal of Literature and Science. Madras. 

1833— B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.t. ; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.t. ; B.S.t.; 
S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 

Madrid Ae. OL Sbn. Memorias de la Beal Academia de Ciencias. Madrid. 

1850— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.LA.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; 
Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; 
B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 
See Madrid Mm. 

Madrid A. B. ITt. Anales de Historia Natural. Madrid. 

1799—1804. B.M.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

Madrid Mm. &><; Madrid Ae. OL Sbn. 

BKadrid Bt Bevista de los Progresos de las Ciencias exactas, fisicas, y naturales. 

Madrid. 
1850—86. B.M.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.t. 

Madrid B. B. irt. A. Anales de la Sociedad Espanola de Historia Natural. Madrid. 

1872— Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

Mas. AlL. ]6ts. Magyar Akademiai Ertesitd. [Beport of the Hungarian Academy.] 

Pest. 
1840—69. B.M. 
(Mth.Term,) Magyar Akademiai Ertesitd. A mathematikai ^ term^szettudo- 

m4nyi osztalyok kdzldnye. [Beport of the Hungarian Academy. 
Communications of the Mathematical and Natural Science 
sections.] Pest. 
1860—65. B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.t. 

Hi 



List of Serial Publications 

Mt. V)t. Jte. n. Jahresbericht and Abhandlongen des Nstorwissensohaftliohen 

b Vereins za Magdeburg. Magdeburg. 

1869— B.M.; B.S.t. 

J.dtVL Journal de Physiologie, exp^rimentale et pathologique ; Magendie. 

Paris. 
1821—31. Gamb.U.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.i.; Linn.S.t.; 
R.C.8urg.; R.S.; U.C.L. 
A3L.ittlLm{Mth,) Ertekez^sek a Mathematikai Oszt^ly kor^b61. Kiadja a Magyar 

TudominyoB Akad^mia. [Memoirs on Mathematical subjects. 
Published by the Hungarian Academy of Science.] Pest. 
1867—94. B.M.; Edinb.R.S.i.; Geol.S.t.; R.S.; S.K.i. 
Tad. Ak. ^tk. Ertekez^sek a Term^8zettudom4nyok kdr^b61. Kiadja a Magyar 

{Termt.) Tudomanyos Akad^mia. [Memoirs on Natural Science subjeets. 

Published by the Hungarian Academy of Science.] Pest. 
1867—94. B.M.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; 
B.Geogr.S.t.; R.S.; S.K.i. 

B. Tnd. AlL. ]6ts. A Magyar Tudominyos Akad^mia ErtesltSje. [Report of the 

Hungarian Academy of Science.] Pest. 
1867— B.M.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.i.; S.K.t. 

A' Magyar Tud6s T&rsas&g' Evkdnyvei. Pest. 

1883—46. 

A' Magyar Tud6manyos Akademia Evkdnyvei. Bad4. 

1860—89. B.M.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

B.A.S.t.; B.Oeogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 
See ilTk. 

A.ria.0. Annali di Fisica, Chimica, e Matematiche, col Bullettino dell' 

Industria meccanica e chimica; Majoochi. Milano. 
1841—60. B.M.; B.S. 

Malpighia. Bassegna mensuale di Botanica. Messina, Gtoova. 

1886— B.M.; Gamb.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M. 

CM. S. T Transactions of the Manchester Geological Society. London. 

1841— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; 
I.CE.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.S.; U.C.L. 
Maneh. I^t. Fli. S-abn.... Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester. 

London, Manchester. 
1785 — 1887. [Continued at : Memoirs and Proceedings, etc. , 1888—] 
B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; I.GE.; Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; 
M.O.t. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; Oxon.B. ; Pharm.S.t. ; P.O. ; 
B.A.S.t.; B.G.Surg.i.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.; U.G.L.t. 
See BTanoti. Sbn. Tli. 8. and ICaneli. 8. Xm. 
JbX, Vh, 9L Mm. Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philo- 

A F. sophical Society. Manchester. 

1888 — [Continuation of: Memoirs, etc., 1785—1887, and Pro- 
ceedings, etc., 1857—87.] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Ghem.S. 
Dub.B.LA.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; I.GE.; Linn.S. 
Math.S.; M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O. 
B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

&t. Vh. S. F. Proceedings of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester. 

Manchester. 
1857 — 87. [Continued as: Memoirs and Proceedings, etc., 1888 — ] 
B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A. 
Dub.T.C.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.GE. 
Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O. 
B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
See Iffanoh. Fb. 8. F. and Maneli. 8. F. 

r. 8. Sp. Manchester Microscopical Society. Annual Beport. Manchester. 

1880—84. [Conttntieda«: Transactions, etc., 1884—] Edinb.B.S.t.; 
Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.t.; P.O.; S.K.t. 

r. 8. T Manchester Microscopical Society. Transactions and Annual 

Beport. Manchester. 
1884— [Continuation of: Beports, 1880— 84.] B.M.t.; Camb.U.t.; 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.; S.K.t. 



J, i- — y See BTanoti. lit. Flu 8. 



Maneh. Fh. 8. F See Manch, :Lt. Fli. 8, F. 

IBaneii. 8. Xm. See Bffanoh. Ibt. Fh. 8. 



VOL. III. liii 



List of Serial Publications 

lKuMii.S.V. Se« Bbmeli. I.t. Ph. S. V. 

Schriften der OeseUschaft zur Befordening der gesammten Natur- 

wissenschaften zu Marburg. Marburg. 
1823— B.M.».; Camb.U,; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; R.S.t.; S.K.t. 
S. ^m. . . . M^moires de la Soci^te d'Emulation de la Proveooe. Marseille. 
1861-66. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M. 

Am Annales de la Faculty des Sciences de Marseille. Marseille, Ffeiris. 

1891— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S,; Glasg.P.S.; 
Linn.S.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.A.S.; B.S. 

Xarylaiid .Ae. T Transactions of the Maryland Academy of Sciences and Letters. 

Baltimore. 
1837. Glasg.P.S.i.; R.S. 

Xarylmad OL Bw. Maryland Geological Survey. Baltimore. 

1897— Camb.P.S.; Edinb.R.S.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; 
N.H.M.; P.O.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S.; U.C.L. 
.... Mathesis. Becueil Math^matique.... Gand, Paris. 

1881— B.M.; Camb.U. 
.... Maandblad voor Natuurwetenschappen , uitgegeven door de Sectie voor 
Natuurwetenschappen van bet Genootschap ter Bevordering van 
Natuur-, Genees- en Heelkunde. Amsterdfun. 
1871— N.H.M. 

J- Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science; Lankester and Busk. 

London. 
1863— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.N.L.I. 
Dub.R.C.S.; Edlnb.R.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S. 
Glasg.U. ; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.i. ; Oxon.B.; Phiuin.S. 
P.O.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
See J. BKcr. Be. and QJ. BBter. 8e. 

Bm J. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society. London. 

1878 — [Continuation of: The Monthly Microscopical Journal, 
1869—77.] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.N Ji.I.; 
Dub.B J.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.R.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; 
Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; R.C.Surg.; 
R.S.i.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

0. T. Transactions of the Microscopical Society of London. London. 

1844 — 68. [Continued as: The Monthly Microscopical Journal, 
1869— 77.J B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Edinb.R.S.i.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.i.; Pharm.S.i.; P.O.; 
R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Md. Olilr. B, F. Proceedings of the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London. 

London. 
1857— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S. ; Glasg.P.S.i.; Oxon.B.i.; 
Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.i.; B.C.Surg.; R.S.; U.C.L. 

Md.cnilr. T. Medico-Chirurgical Transactions, published by the [Royal] Medical 

and Chirurgical Society of London. London. 
1809— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.i. ; Edinb.U.i.; 
Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.i.; B.C. 
Surg.; R.S.; U.C.L. 

O. Vs. Medicinisch-chemische Untersuchungen : aus dem Laboratorium f^ 

angewandte Chemie zu Tiibingen ; Hoppe-Seyler. Berlin. 
1866—71. B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Edinb.U.; B.C.Sun.; B.S. 

Jb. Medizinische Jahrbticher. Herausg. von der E. K. Gtesellschaft der 

Aerzte in Wien. Wien. 
1861 — [Continuation of: Zeitschrift der K. E. Gesellschaft, etc., 
1844—60.] Camb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Pharm.S.i.; B.C.Surg. 
.... Archiv fiir Anatomic und Physiologic ; Meckel. Leipzig. 

1826 — 32. [Continued as: Archiv fur Anatomic, Physiologie, 
und Wissenschaftliche Medicin, 1834 — 76.] B.M. ; Camb.U. ; 
Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; 
B.S.; U.C.L.i. 
. . . Archiv des Yereins der Freunde der Naturgeschichte in Mecklenburg. 
Neubrandenburg. 
1847— Camb.U.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S.i. 
5«« K«kL Arch. 

Mtodiay I. Buff. .'Professional Papers on Indian Engineering; Major J. G. Medley. 

M«dl«y Trctm V^ Z. aaff. < Roorkee. 

(1864—86. LCE.; P.O.i.; R.S.i. 

liv 



List of Serial Publications 



BbtasA A. IKd. Olilr. 



8. Ac 



.-•tX-S. 



X. P. Institation of Mechanical Engineers. Proceedings. Birmingham, 

London. 
1847— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.; Glasg.P.S.; 

Qlasg.U.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; R.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L. 
See Z. aCB. P. 
Annalen der allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft fur die 

gesammten Naturwissensohaf ten ; Meisner. Bern. 
1824^25. B.M.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
Natorwissenschaftlicher Anzeiger der allgemeinen Schweizerischen 

Gesellschaft f iir die gesammten Naturwissenschaften ; Meisner. 

Aaraa, Bern. 
1818—23. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 
See KMkl. mr. Ht. Aroh. 

The Messenger of Mathematics. Cambridge, London. 
1862— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.i.; Dub.B.G.S.t.; 

Dub.B.D.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Math.S.t.; 

Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Annali Medico-Chirargici ; Nfetax4. Boma. 
1839—46. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Oxon.B. 

rM^moires de la Soci^t^ Acad^mique de Maine et Loire. Angers, 
1 1857 — 83. [Continued at: M^moires de 1* Academic des Sciences et 

Belles-Lettres d'Angers, 1890—95.] B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M. ; 

B.S.t. 

QJ. Quarterly Journal of the [Boyal] Meteorological Society. London. 

1873 — [Continuation of: Proceedings of the British Meteorological 

Society, 1861—71.] Camb.U.; Dub.R.LA.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb. 

B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Linn.S.t.; M.O.; Oxon.B.; 

P.O.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S, 

Meteorologische Zeitschrift. Berlin. 

1884— Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; M.O.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K« 
M^moires de 1* Academic (Boyale, Imp^rialei de Metz. Metz. 
1821— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.t.; 

S.K. 

(Boletin del Instituto Nacional [de la Sociedad Mexicana] de Geografia 
y Estadistica de la BepubUca Mexicana. Mexico. 
1850—66. B.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.Geogr.S.t. 
Boletin de la Sociedad de Geografia y Estadistica de la Bepublioa 
Mexicana. Mexico. 
1869— B.M.; Edinb.B.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.t. 

Ministerio de Fomento de la Bepdblica Mexicana. Boletin mensual 
del Observatorio Meteoroldgioo-Magn^tico central de Mexico. 
Mexico. 
1888— Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; M.O. 



\ 



a«.BL 



ObikBL 



'»• 



«.<'AlBat« 



9» 



Memorias de la Sociedad Cientifica ** Antonio Alzate." Mexico. 
1887— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.t.; 

Linn.S.t.; Math.S.t.; M.O.; N.H.M.t.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 

B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 
, The Magazine of Natural History, and Journal of Zoology, Botany, 

Mineralogy, Geology, and Meteorology. London. 
1829 — 40. [Continued as: Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 

1841—] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub.B.C.S.; 

Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; 

Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 
Magazin for Naturvidenskabeme ; Lundh, etc. Christiania. 
1823—36. [Candnuedox: NytMagazin.etc., 1838— ] B.M.; N.H.M.t.; 

B.S. 
. Magazin fiir die neuesten Erfahrungen, Entdeckungen und Berichti- 

gungen im Gebiete der Pharmacle, etc. Karlsruhe, Heidelberg. 
1823 — 24. [Continued as: Magazin fiir Pharmacie und die dahin 

einschlagenden Wissenschaften, 1824 — 31.] Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C. 

Surg.; B.S. 
O. Monatshefte fiir Chemie und verwandte Theile anderer Wissen- 
schaften. Gesammelte Abhandlungen aus den Sitzungsberichten 

der K. Akademie der Wissenschaften. Wien. 
1880— Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Pharm.S.; 

P.O. 



Iv 



d2 



List of Serial Publications 

Monatshefte fiir Mathematik und Physik. Wien. 

1890— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M. 

lUdL Htlist. The Midland Naturalist. London, Birmingham. 

1878—98. Camb.U.; Geol.M.; Qeol.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; P.O.; 
S.E. 

KIL At. At«n. Atti dell* Ateneo, gi4 Accademia fiBico-medioo-statistica di Milano. 

Milano. 
1859—67. Glasg.P.S.i. 

MSL Jkt, Omgikiolm, Atti della Fondazione Soientifica Cagnola dalla sua Istitazione in 

poi. Milano. 
1856— B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.t.; R.S.i.; S.K.i. 

At.Z.&om1>. Atti dell' I. B. Istituto Lombardo di Scienze, Lettere ed Aril. 

Milano. 
1858 — 64. [Continuation of: Giomale, etc., 1841—56.] [Continued 
Of.' Bendiconti, etc., 1864 — ] B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Edinb.B.S.; I.CE.t.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S. 

At. S. It. Atti della Society Italiana di Scienze Natural!. Milano. 

1855— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.t.; B.S.; S.K.I. 
See MIL B. Zt. At. 

BflBun. TEffemeridi Astronomiche di Milano. Con Appendioe di Osservazioni 

Bfftm. As. < e Memorie Astronomiche. Milano. 

11806— Camb.U.; Oxon.B.; R.A.S.t. 

O. LLomlK Giomale delP I. B. Istituto Lombajrdo di Scienze, Lettere ed Arfci 

e Biblioteca Italiana ; compilata da varj dotti nazionali e stranieri. 
Milano. 
1841—^6. [Continued as: Atti, etc., 1858-64.] B.M.; Geol.S.t.; 

LCE.; N.U.M.; Ozon.B.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S. 
See SKU. Z. Ziomb. «. 

O. 8. Zne. Giomale della Society d' Incorragiamento delle Scienze, etc. stabilitil 

in Milano. Milano. 
1808—65. B.M.; Camb.U. 

lUL Z. ZiOmli. « See BEU. «. Z. Ziomb. 

BKIL Z. Lomb. abn. Memorie dell' I. B. Istituto Lombardo di Scienze, etc. Milano. 

1843— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; 
Edinb.B.S.i.; Geol.S.; LCE.t.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
B.A.S.t.; B.C.Suig.t.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
See BUL Mm. Z. Z.om1>. 

BKIL Z. Lomb. Xd. Beale Istituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere. Bendiconti. Milano. 

1864— [Continuation: o/ Atti, etc., 1858—64.] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; 
Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; 
Glasg.U.i.; LCE.t.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.i.; U.C.L.i. 

aUL Mm. Z. ZiOmb. See BUL Z. Ziomb. BKm. 

BKtL BIm. Z. Ibomb. V^b. Memorie delP I. B. Istituto del regno Lombardo- Veneto. Milano. 

1819—38. B.M.; Camb.U.; I.CE.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 

BUL 8. Zt. At. See BUL At. 0. Zt. 

BUnn. Ao. Sc BU Bulletin of the Minnesota Academy of Natural Sciences. Minneapolis, 

Minn. 
1874— B.M.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; S.K.i. 

BUqiMl BIL Bulletin des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles en N^erlande ; Miquel , 

Mulder, Wenckebach. Leyden, Botterdam. 
1838—40. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
BUtan Arb. flCnxlili&d. Oa. Arbeiten der Eurlandischen Gesellschaft fiir Literatur und Kunst. 

Mitau. 
1847—51. B.M.; Camb.U. 

J The Monthly Microscopical Journal. London. 

1869 — 77. [Continuatum of: Transactions of the Microscopical 
Society of London, 1844—68.] [Continued a$: Journal of tlie 
Boyal Microscopicskl Society, 1878 — ] B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb. 
B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; 
B.C.Surg.; B.S.; U.C.L. 

Im. Memorie di Fisica sperimentale. Modena. 

1887—38. Glasg.P.S.i. 

OL 0T. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and of the 

Museum of Economic Geology in London. London. 
1846— Camb.U.; Dub.B.C.S.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Ivi 



of 



Pablications 



^ Am OUb. 



tp. 



tp. 

ktpw S. baas. Off. BU. 



ft. It. 
•.Wt. At. 



(IM) 



Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Ozon.B,; 

P.O.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
See OL Bt, Km. 
Becueil de M^moires de M^decine, de Chirargie, et de Pharmacie 

Militaires, r6dig6 sons le sarveillanoe da Conseil de Sant^. 

Paris. 
1815 — 82. [Continued a$ : Arohives de M^eoine et de Phannaoiflt 

MUitaires, 1888—] B.M.; Qlasff.U.t.; B.G.Sorg. 
The Mineralogical Magasine and Journal of the Mineralogical 

Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Truro, London. 
1876— B.M.; Camb.U.; Ghem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; 

Glaig.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.(R.); P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 
Annales Cliniques de la Soci^t^ Mddioale Pratique de Montpellier. 

Montpellier. 
1818—30. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; B.G.Surg. 
Acad^mie des Sciences et Lettres de Montpellier. M^moires de la 

Section des Sciences. Montpellier. 
1847— B.M.; Gamb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; 

Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S.; U.G.L.t. 
Beoueil des Bulletins publics par la Sooi^t^ Libre des Sciences, etc. 

de MontpeUier. Montpellier. 
1803—14. B.M.; Camb.U.; Oxon.B.i. 

Soci^t^ Languedocienne de Geographic. Bulletin. Montpellier. 
1878— B.M.; B.Geogr.S. 
Memorie della Regia Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Art! di 

Modena. Modena. 
1838— B.M.; Dub.B.I.A.i.; Dub.T.G.f.; Edinb.B.S.; Math.S.i.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; S.K.t.; U.G.L.t. 
See mod. Km. Ae. Se. 

t. Annuario della Society dei Naturalisti in Modena. Modena. 

1866—82. [Continued as: Atti della Society, etc., 1883— ] Camb.U.; 

Dub.B.I.A.i.; Edinb.B.S.*.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
See Xod. S. irt. An. 

So. S«« Kod. Ae. Be. Km. 

S. /Memorie di Matematica e di Fisioa della Society Italiana delle 

S. Zt. I Scienze. Modena. 

J1782— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.t.; 

Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.t.; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.G.Surg.i.; B.S.; 

S.K.t.; U.G.L.t. 
I See Kod. 8. Zt. Km., Bm. S. Zt. Km., and Verona Km. 8. Zt. 
Belazione delle Adunanze della B. Accademia di Scienze, Lettere 

ed Arti di Modena. Modena. 
1842—43. Glasg.P.S.t.; B.S. 

See SKod. Km. 8., Bm. 0. Zt. Km., and V«rona SKm. 8. Zt. 
See Xod. An. 8. Ht. 

Atti della Society dei Naturalisti di Modena. Modena. 
1883— [Continuation of: Annuario, etc., 1866 — 82.] Camb.U.; 

Dub.B.I.A.t.; N.H.M. 
Atti della Society dei Naturalisti di Modena. Bendiconti delle 

Adimanze. Modena. 
1882—86. B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 
Cosmos. Bevue Encyolop6dique Hebdomadaire des Progr^s des 

Sciences; Moigno. Paris. 
1862—70. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; I.CE.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
;9«f Coonoa. 
Vs. Untersuchtmgen zur Naturlehre des Menschen und der Thiere; 

Moleschott. Frankfurt-am-Main, Giessen. 
1857— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.C. 

Surg.; B.S.i. 
Bullettino Meteorologioo delP Ossenratorio del B. CoUegio Carlo 

Alberto in Moncalieri. Torino. 
1866— Glasg.P.S.i.; M.O.; B.A.S.t. 
See &•• Xondos. 

Le Moniteur Soientifique ; Quesneville. Paris. 
1857— B.M.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.B.C.S.t. ; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; 

P.O.; B.A.S.<. 

Ivii 






8. Ht. At. (Rd.) ... 



List of Serial Publications 



OBI* 8a PHa BUL 



KOM. 8. irt. BIL 
Moae. 8. Ht. 



Moflc 8. Ht. nr. 



Vn. 



JIftfc.) ... 



MLBlaneOba. 



(P«.. 



IKoflo. BIL 8. Ht. Bulletin de la Soci6t^ Imp^riale des Natoralistes. Moscou. 

1829— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Ohem.S.t.; Dab.B.D.S. 
Dab.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Qeol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M. 

Oxon.B.i.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.i.; B.S. 

S.E. 

See SKOM. 8. irt. BIL 
Commentationes Sooietatis Phyaico-Medictt apud Umversitatem 

Mosquensem Institatae. MosqusB. 
1808—21. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.S.i.; S.K.t. 
Noaveauz M^moires de la Soci6t6 Imp^riale des Natoralistefl de 

Moscon. Mosoou. 
1829— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.i.; Linn.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Ozon.B.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.i. 
See BIo«e. 8. 1ft. IT. BKm. 

Annales de PObservatoire de Moscou; Bredichin. Mosoou. 
1874— B.M.t.; Camb.U.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
See Mom. BIL 8. ITt. 
M^moires de la Soci^t^ Imp^riale des Naturalistes de Mosooa. 

Moscou. 
1806—23. B.M. ; Camb.P.S.i. ; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A. ; Geol.S. ; 

Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.t.; S.E.t. 
See Moae. IT. Mm. 
Moae. 8. 8e. BIL Bulletin of the Imperial Society of Lovers of Natural Soienoe, 

Anthropology and Ethnography, in connection with the Imperial 

University of Moscow. [In Bussian.] Moscow. 
1865— B.M.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; N.H.M.t.; B.C.Sui^.t. 
Scientific Memoirs of the Imperial University of Moscow. [In 

Bussian.] Moscow. 
1833—36. B.M.t.; N.H.M.t. 
Scientific Memoirs of the Imperial University of Moscow. Physioo- 

Mathematical Section. [In Bussian.] Moscow. 
1880—96. Chem.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 
Annales de PObservatoire M^ttorologique [Physique et Glaoiaire] da 

Mont Blanc. Paris. 
1893— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.; M.O.; Oxon.B.; 

B.S.; S.K. 
Mathematische Annalen ; Clebsch. Leipzig. 
1869— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dub.B.CS.i.; 

Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Math.S.; Oxon.B.; 

B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Mathematische und naturwissenschaftliche Berichte aus Ungam. 

Berlin. 
1882— Camb.P.S.; Chem.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.t.; B.A.S.t.; 

B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K. 
Biathematikai ^s term^szettudom&nyi Ertesito. Kiadja a Magyar 

Tudom&nyos Akad^mia. [Mathematical and Natural Science 

Beport, published by the Hungarian Academy of Science.] 

Budapest. 
U883— B.M.t.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
Mathematisk Tidsskrift. Ej^benhavn. 
1859—64. [Cana'nufd a«: Tidsskrift for Mathematik, 1865— ] B.M.; 

Camb.U.; Math.S.t.; Oxon.B.; B.S.t. 
Mittheilungen aus dem Osterlande. Altenburg. 
1837— Camb.U.t.; N.H.M. 
Natuur- en Scheikundig Archief ; Mulder, Wenckebach. Botterdam, 

Lei j den. 
1833—38. B.M.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.S. 
'Bulletin de la Soci6t^ Industrielle de Mulhouse. Mulhouse. 
1828— B.M.t.; Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.B.C.S.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; 

Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O. 
Archiv fiir Anatomic, Physiologic, und wissenschaftliche Medicin ; 

Miiller, Beichert, Du Bois-Beymond. Berlin. 
1834 — 76. [Continuatiion of: Archiv fiir Anatomic und Physiologic, 

1826->32.1 [Continued as: Archiv fiir Anatomic und Physiologic, 

1877—] B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glaag.U.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
See Areh. Aa. PL and 



Mill. T 
Mtll.T 



Ata.. 
t. Ata. 



Mt.Oatld. 

Mnldar Areb. 



Mnlhonae BIL 

Mnllionae BIL 8. Zn. 
Mnlhonaa 8. Xn. BIL 
MttllarAreli. 



Iviii 



List of Serial Publications 

Uiiiiftli Abb ^Abhandlongen der mathematisch-physikalisohen ClASse der Kdnigl* 

Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschajften. Miinohen. 
1829— B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U. ; Chem.S.t. ; Dub.T.C. ; 
Edinb.R.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; 
Oxon.B.; Ozon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.G.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; 
^ O.K. 

Ak. Sb. Sitzongsberichte der Kdnigl. Bayerischen Akademie der Wissen- 

schaften za Munohen. Miinchen. 
1860—70. B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.D.S.i.; 
Dub.B.LA.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; £dinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; 
N.H.M.; Ozon.B.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.i.; B.Geogr.S.; 
B.S.; S.K. 
Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Physikaliflchen Classe der K. B. 

Akademie der Wissensohaften za Mtinchen. Mttnchen. 
1871— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.T.C; 
Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; Ozon.B.; Ozon.B.; 
P.O.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
Su Kiiiieli. Bb. 

Wl, Ak. Bulletin der k. Akademie der Wissensohaften. Munchen. 

1843—53. B.M.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; LCE.i.; Ozon.B.t.; B.A.S.; 
B.Geogr.S.t. ; B.S. 

]>. Denkschrif ten der K5nigl. Bayerischen Akademie der Wissensohaften 

zu Munchen. Munchen, Salzbaoh. 
1808—24. B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; 
Ozon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K. 
CtalelirtoAs. ... Gklehrte Anzeigen; herauagegeben von Mitgliedem der Kdnigl. 

Baierischen Akademie der Wissensohaften. Munchen. 
1835—60. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Iinn.S.t.; 
N.H.M.; Ozon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 
WiliMnli. Cta. Mlpli. PL Sb. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft fiir Morphologic und Physiologie 

in Munchen. Miinchen. 
1885— Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; Lmn.S.; N.H.M. 
Abhandlungen der naturwissenschafUich-teohnischen Commission 

bei der Kdnigl. Baierischen Akademie. Mtochen. 
1857—58. Camb.U.; B.S. 

Kflmeli. Sb. See BKiinGli. Ak. Sb. 

Aroiit. Zeitschrift des Bayerischen Architeoten- nnd Ingenieor-VereinB, 

Miinchen. 
1869—77. P.O. 



J. O. Neues allgemeines Journal der Chemie. Berlin. 

1803—06. [Continuation of: Allgemeines Journal, etc., 1798— 1802.] 
[Continu^ at: Journal fiir die Chemie und Physi^, 1806 — 10.] 
B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. ; Ozon.B.; B.S. 

Nouvelles Annales de Math^matiques. Paris. 

1842— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Math.S.t.; 
Ozon.B.(B.); B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
.AcgfanUis Academic de Stanislas. M^moires de la Soci6t6 [Boyale] des 

Sciences, etc. Nancy. 
1852^ [Continuation of: Mdmoires de la Sooi^t^, etc., 1888 — 61.] 
B.M.; Camb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Ozon.B.; B.S.t.; S.K. 

8. Be. M^moires de la Soci^t^ [Boyale] des Sciences, Lettres et Arts de 

Nancy. Nancy. 

1833 — 51. [Continuation of: Pr^is analytique des Travauz de la 
Socidt^, etc., 1802 — 32.] [Continued a*: Asaddmie de Stanislas. 
Mdmoires, etc., 1852 — ] B.M.; Camb.U.t.; N.H.M.t.; Ozon.B.; 
B.S.t.; S.K. 

Haaey fl. Be. BIL Bulletin de la Soci^td des Sciences de Nancy. Nancy, Paris. 

1873— B.M.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S. 

Tr. B. Be. Precis analytique des Travauz de la Sooi4t6 pEtoyale] des Scienoes, 

Arts et Agriculture de Nancy. Nanc^. 
1802—32. [Continued as : Mdmoires de la Socidtd, etc., 1883—51.] 
B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Ozon.B.; B.S.t. 

A. 8. Ae. Annales de la Socidtd Acaddmique de Nantes et du Ddpartement de 

la Loire Infdrieure. Nantes. 
1830— Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Ozon.B. 

lix 



List of Serial Publications 

V. AatoL fle. Nuova Antologia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti. Firenze, Boma. 

1866— B.M.; Dub.N.L.I.f.; N.H.M. 

Wap. Ao. Asp. A. Annali dell* Acoademia degli Aspirant! Naturalisti. Napoli. 

1843—47; 1861-69; 1887. Camb.U.t.; N.H.M.; R.S.t. 

Atti della Beale Accademia delle Scienze e Belle Lettere; Sezione 

della Sooietd B. Barbonloa. Napoli. 
1819—51. B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Oeol.S.t.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S. 
Atti della B. Aooademia delle Scienze Fisiohe e Matematiohe. 

Napoli. 
1863—82; 1888— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A. ; Edinb.B.S. ; 
Geol.S.t.; Olasg.U.t.; Linn.S.i.; Math.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; 
Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.i. 
See Wap. At. Ae. 

, Atti deir Accademia Pontaniana di Napoli . Napoli. 

1832— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dab.B.D.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.i.; 
U.C.L.t. 

, Memorie della B. Accademia delle Scienze, etc. Napoli. 

1862—57. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.±t.S.; Linn.S.; 
N.H.M.; Ozon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S. 

SS:tti^«i'::::::::::::l seen^.^c^x. 

Vap. At. Z. Xne. Atti del Beal Istitato d' Inoorraggiamento alle Scienze Natnrali di 

Napoli. Napoli. 
1811— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; l.CE.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

P.O.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.t.; S.E.t. 
See Vap. Z. Zne. At. 

Vap. WUm Ae. Aip. Bullettino dell* Accademia degli Aspiranti Naturalisti. Napoli. 

1842; 1861—64. Camb.U.t.; N.H.M. 

Wap. Z. Zbo. At. See ITap. At. Z. Zne. 

Map. Ma. Museo di Letteratura e Filosofia; Oatti. Napoli. 

1842—62. B.M.; Oxon.B. 

, Bendioonto delle adunanze e de* lavori della Beale Accademia delle 

Scienze [Fis. e Mat.] di Napoli. Napoli. 
1842—57. B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.t. 

Bendiconto dell* Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche. 

Napoli. 
1862— Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.t.; 
Math.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 

Wap. 8. Ht. BIL BoUettino della Society di Naturalisti in Napoli. Napoli. 

1887— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde. Amsterdam. 

1875— Camb.P.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Math.S. 

Nuovi Annali delle Scienze naturali; Alessandrini, Bertolini, 

Gherardi e Banzani. Bologna. 
1838—54. Camb.U.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 

B.S. 
See Bolosna W. A. 

[Jahrbiicher des Vereins fur Naturkunde im Herzogthum Nassau. 

Wiesbaden. 

1844— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.S.t.; S.K. 
ranaha J. dn OalYan. ... Journal du Galvanisme, de Vaccine, etc. ; Nauche. Paris. 

1803. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t. 

J. Neues bergmannisches Journal ; Kohlen und Hoffmann. Freiberg. 

1795—1816. B.M.t.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
S. BIL... Bulletin of the Natural History Society of New Brunswick. St John. 
1882— Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.t. 

n Nuovo Cimento, Giomale di Fisica, Chimica e Storia Naturale. 

Pisa. 
1855— B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U. ; Chem.S.t. ; Edinb.B.S.t. ; 
l.CE.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.t.; B.S. 

VdL Avail, irtk. Nederlandsch Archief voor Genees- en Natuurkunde. Utrecht. 

1865 — 70. [Continuation of: Archiv fibr die Hollandisohen Bcdtrage 
zur Natur- und Heilkonde, 1858—64.] B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
B.S.t. 

Ix 



V^. Jb. 



' 



Lirt of Serial Publications 

FdL Qmaitm OogL Vs. Nederlandfloh Oasthuis voor Behoeftige en Minyermogende Ooglijden 

te Utrecht. Verslag. Utrecht. 
1885 — [Continuation of: JaarlijkBch Verslag betrekkelijk de 
Verplegmg en *t Onderwijs in het Nederlandsoh GaBthols voor 
Oo^jders; Donders, 1860—85.] B.S. 

rdL XSmldk. Areh. Nederlajidsoh Eruidkundig Arohief. [Verslagen en Mededeelingen 

der Nederlandsche Botanische Vereeniging.] Leijden, Amsterdam, 
Leenwarden, Nijmegen. 
1846— B.M.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

^dL ZiUMtt Nederlandaoh Lancet. TijdBchrif t aan de praktiaohe Ohinirgie , etc. 

Utrecht. 
1838—56. B.M.; Glasff.P.S.i.; B.C.Sorg.t. 
^ddfltenr.atoWMfb-V^.Vh. Verhandlangen des Niederdsterreiohiaohen Gewerb-Vereina. Wien. 

1840— B.M.t.; P.O.; S.K.t. 

'«ir. Vn. Btnd. University Studies. Published by the University of Nebraska. 

Lincoln, Nebraska. 
1888— B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Oxon.B.; B.S. 

'. Mug, X. Xn. B. T Transactions of the North of England Institute of Mining Engineers. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
1852— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.OE.; 
Ozon.B.t.; P.O.t.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

•nelLBIL /Bulletin de la Soci^td des Sciences Naturelles de Neuch&tel. 

•acb. S. Be. BIL J Neuch&tel. 

1844— B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t. ; 
M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
'mwcmamm O, Bm T, Newcastle-upon-Tyne Chemical Society. Transactions. Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne. 
1868—83. B.M.; Chem.S.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; B.S. 

The Natural History Beview and Quarterly Journal of Science. 

London, Dublin. 
1854—60. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C; Glasg.P.S.; 

Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
The Natural History Beview; a Quarterly Journal of Biological 

Science. London. 
1861—65. B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C; 
Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K. 
^ Annales de rObservatoire de Nice. Paris. 

1887— B.M. ; Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t. ; Glasg.U.t.; B.A.S. ; 
B.S.; S.K. 

J. Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and the Arts ; Nicholson. 

London. 
1797—1813. [Continued in: The Philosophical Magasine, 1814—] 

B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb. 

B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.; 

S.K.; U.C.L. 
Bll. Bulletin de la Soci6t6 d'Etude des Sciences Naturelles de Nlmes. 

Nimes. 
1873— N.H.M.t. 
Neues Jahrbuch ftir Mineralogie, Geologic und Palaontologie. 

Stuttgart. 
1863 — [Continuation of: Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Geo- 

gnosie, C^logie und Petrefaktenkunde, 1833—62.] B.M. ; 

Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I.t. ; Dub.B.D.S.t. ; Geol.M. ; 

Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskabeme. Christiania. 

1888 — [Continuation of : Magazin for Naturvidenskabeme, 1823 — 36.] 
Camb.U.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K. 

Nordisches Archiv ftir Naturkunde und Arzneiwissenschalt. Kopen- 

hagen, Frankfurt an der Oder. 
1799—1801. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C.Surg. 

Ta, Bll. Bulletin de la Soci6t6 Linn^nne de Normandie . Caen. 

1855^ B.M.; Camb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 

B.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 
SeeOa«n 0.^ Bll. 

Ixi 



List of Serial Publications 

V. R«. 8. irt. BBb. M6moires de la Sooi^t^ des Natoralistes de la Nonvelle-Bassie. [In 

Russian.] Odessa. 
1872— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; £dinb.B.S.f.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; B.S.t. 
ir. Xa. S. nt. BKm. (Mtk.) Memoirs of the Mathematical Section of the New Russian Society 

of Naturalists. [In Russian.] Odessa. 

1878— Dub.R.I.A.; Math.S.t.; R.S.t. 

W. Beotia X. BcF. *T.... Proceedings and Transactions of the Nova Scotian Institute of 

Natural Science. Halifax, Nova Scotia. 
1863— Gamb.P.S.f.; Ghem.S.t.; Edinb.R.S.i.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg. 
U.».; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.t.; 
R.Gteogr.S.t.; R.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 

H. 8. mr. B. 8. J. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales. 

Sydney. 
* 1876— [Continuation of: Transactions, etc., 1867—76.] B.M.; 
Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U. ; Ghem.S.t. ; Dub.T.C. ; Edinb.R.S.t. ; 
Geol.M.i.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg. U.t.; I.CE.; Linn.S.t.; 
M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.R.t.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.t.; R.A.S.; 
R.G.Surg.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S.; S.E. 

W. 8. mr. R. 8. T. Transactions of the Royal Society of New South Wales. Sydney. 

1867 — 76. [Continued as: Journal and Proceedings, etc., 1876 — ] 
B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.t.; Dub.R.D.S.; Dub.R.I.A.; 
Dub.T.C.; Edinb.R.S.t.; Geol.M.t. ; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
Glasg.U.t'.; I.GE.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; 
P.O.; R.A.S.; R.Geogr.S.t.; R.S.; S.K.t. 

, Nature : a weekly illustrated Journal of Science. London. 

1870— B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub. 
R.C.S. ; Dub.R.D.S. ; Dub.R.I.A. ; Dub.T.C. ; Edinb.R.S. ; 
Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.; 
Linn.S. ; M.O. ; Oxon.B.; Oxon.R. ; Pharm.S. ; P.O.; R.A.S. ; 
R.G.Surg.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

La Naturaleza. Peri6dico cientifico de la Sociedad Mexicana de 

Historia Natural. Mexico. 
1870— B.M.t.; Edinb.R.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M.t. 

Nyt Tidsskrif t for Fysik og Eemi. Kjcfbenhavn. 

1896 — 98. [Continuation of: Tidsskrift for Physik og Chemi, 
1862—94.] B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t. 

Nyt Tidsskrift for Mathematik. Kj/e^benhavn. 

1890— [Continuation of: Tidsskrift for Mathematik, 1866—89.] 
B.M.; Math.S.t. 

Wiirnb. Ab. Abhandlungen der Naturhistorischen Gesellschaft zu Niimberg. 

Niimberg. 
1862— B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.I.A.; N.H.M.; R.S.t.; S.K. 

Mr, Avolit. T Transactions of the Institution of Naval Architects. London . 

1860— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.I.A.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; 
P.O.; R.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 

[t. Mittheilungen aus dem Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereine von Neu- 

Vorpommem und Riigen. Berlin. 
1869— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.; Dub.R.I.A.; N.H.M.; R.C. 
Surg.t.; S.K. 
Naval Science: a Quarterly Magazine for promoting the improve- 
ment of Naval Architecture, Marine Engineering, Steam 
Navigation and Seamanship. London. 
1872—76. B.M.t.; Camb.U.t.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; M.O.t.; Oxon. 
B.t. ; P.O.; S.K. 

L. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, late Lyceum of 

Natural History. New York. 

1879 — [Continuation of: Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History, 
1824—77.] B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.; Geol.S.; 
Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.t.; P.O.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

JLe. T Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, late Lyceum of 

Natural History. New York. 
1881—98. B.M. ; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.R.t.; 
P.O.t.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York. New 

York. 
1824 — 77. [Continued as: Annals of the New York Academy of 

Ixii 



List of Serial Publications 

Sciences, 1879^] B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.f.; 
Edinb.U.t.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.S.; 
S.K. 
See V. It, Xtyeeiun A. 
Xth. 8.B11.... Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society. New York. 

1895 — [Continuation of: Bulletin of the New York Mathematical 

Society, 1892—94.] B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C. ; 

Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.; Olasg.U.; Math.S.; Oxon.B.; 

Ozon.B.; B.S.t. 

Ktli.8.T.* ... Transactions of the American Mathematical Society. Lancaster, 

Pa. and New York. 
1900— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; 
Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Math.S.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K. 
... See W. T. A. I»yemtun^ m 

r. Iiyocmn F. Proceedings of the Lyceum of Natural History in the City of New 

York. New York. 
1870—74. B.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.S.; 
S.K.t. 

J. The New York MedicalJoumal. New York. 

1806— Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.t. 
... Medical Bepository of New York. New York. 

1798—1812. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 
... University of the State of New York. Bulletin of the New York 
State Museum. Albany. 
1887— Camb.P.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; Glasg. 
P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K.t. 

T. IKtIi. S. 81L Bulletin of the New York Mathematical Society. New York. 

1892 — 94. [Continued aa: Bulletin of the American Mathematical 
Society, 1895—] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; Math.S.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t. 
X. OOL Mft. QfL 0T. Bp. Colonial Museum and Geological Survey of New Zealand. Beports 

of Geological Explorations. Wellington. 
1870 — 73. [Continu£d a» : New Zealand. Papers and Beports 
relating to Minerals and Mining, 1894—] B.M.; Edinb.B.S.t.; 
Edinb.U.t.; Geol.S.t.; LCE.t. ; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M. ; P.O.t. ; 
B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.t.; U.C.L.t. 

X- X. T Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. 

Wellington. 
1868— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Edinb.B.S. ; Edinb.U. ; Geol.M.t. ; Geol.S. ; Glasg.P.S.t. ; 
Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 
B. Ppw * Mp, (Mn.) ... New Zealand. Papers and Beports relating to Minerals and Mining. 

Wellington. 
1894 — [Contintiotion of: Colonial Museum and G^logical Survey 
of New Zealand. Beports of Geological Explorations, 1870 — 98.] 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.t. 

... The Observatory. A monthly Beview of Astronomy. London. 

1878— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.; B.A.S.; S.K. 

... Oesterreichische Wochenschrift fur Wissenschaft, Kunst, and 

offentliches Leben. Beilage zur K. Wiener Zeitung. Wien. 
1803—64. Glasg.P.S.t. 
Oesterreichische Zeitschrift fiir Berg- und Hiittenwesen; von 

Hingenau. Wien. 
1853— B.M.; I.CE.; P.O.; S.K. 
... Bericht iiber die Thatigkeit des Ofifenbacher Vereins fiir Naturkunde. 

Offenbach a. M. 
1860— Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
Beobachtungen angestellt am Astoophysicalischen [und Meteoro- 

logischen] Observatorium in 0-Gyalla in Ungam. Halle, 

Budapest. 

1879— M.O.t.; B.A.S.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
,.. Isis, Oder Encyclopadische Zeitung; Oken. Jena. 

1817—48. B.M.t. ; Camb.U. ; Edinb.U. ; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.t. ; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.(B.); B.C.Suig.t.; B.S.; S.K.t. 

Ixiii 



List of Serial Publications 



Opll. Bb. 



OrT.*T«niit. itm.. 



ChBodtl A. Vn. Annali Universali di Medioina; Omodei, Calderini. MUano. 

1617—88. B.M.i.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C.Sorg. 

Ophthalmologische Bibliothek. Braunschweig. 

1802—05. Glasg.P.S.t.; B.G.Sorg.t. 

Opuscoli matematioi e fisioi di diyeni Autori. Milano. 

1832—34. B.S. 

Bll. Bulletin des Sciences Physiques, M^dicales et d' Agriculture 

d'Orl^ans. Orleans. 

1810—13. B.M.; Oxon.B. 
brstod Ts Tidsskrif t for Naturvidenskabeme ; Orsted. ^j5benhayn. 

1822—28. B.M.; Camb.U.: N.HJil.; R.S. 

Orvos-Term^zettudominyi Ertesitd a Kolozsv&ri Grvos-Term^szettu- 
dom&nyi T&rsulat ^ az Erd^lyi Muzeum-Egylet Term^szettu- 

dom4nyi Szako8zt4l74nak [Medical and Natural History 

Proceedings of the Sections of the Klausenburg Medical and 
Natural History Society and of the Natural History Section of the 
Museum Association of Transylvania.] Kolozsvir [Klausenburg]. 

1879— N.H.M.; R.S.i. 

Jahresberioht des Naturwissensohaftlichen Vereins zu Osnabriick. 
Osnabriick. 

1870— Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

Atti e Memorie della B. Aocademia di Scienze, Letters ed Arti in 

Padova. Nuova serie. Padova. 
1885 — [Continuation of: Nuovi Saggi dell' Accademia, etc. 1817 — 88. ] 

Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; N.H.M. 
Memorie dell' Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti di Padova. 

Padova. 
1809. B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.E. 
Nuovi Saggi dell' Accademia di Scienze, Lettere, ed Arti di Padova. 

Padova. 
1817 — 83. [Continued as: Atti e Memorie della B. Accademia, etc. 

1885—] B.M.f.; Carab.U.i.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb. 

R.S.; N.H.M.; Ozon.B.t.; B.C.Surg.i.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
Bivista Periodica dei Lavori della I. B. Accademia di Scienze, 

Lettere ed Arti di Padova. Padova. 
1851—65. B.M.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
Atti della Society Veneto-Trentina di Scienze Naturali residente in 

Padova. Padova. 
1872— Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 
Bullettino della Society Veneto-Trentina di Scienze Naturali. 

Padova. 
1879— B.M.; N.H.M. 

' Atti dell' Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti di Palermo. Palermo. 
1845— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.l.A.; Dub.T.C.; Glasg.U.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.t. 
Bendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo. Palermo. 
1887— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U.; Dub.B.l.A.; Dub.T.C.; 

Math.S.; B.S. 
EfFemeridi Scientifiche e Letterarie per la Sicilia; coi Lavori del 

B. Istituto d' Incorraggiamento per la Sicilia. Palermo. 
1832—40. Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 
Giomale del B. Istituto d' Incorragiamento di Agricoltura, Arti, etc. 

in Sicilia. Parte 3. Scienze Fisico-Matematiche e Naturali. 

Palermo. 
1863. Glasg.P.S.t. 
Giomale di Scienze naturali ed economiche, pubblicato per cura del 

Consiglio di Perfezionamento annesso al B. Istituto Tecnioo di 

Palermo. Palermo. 
1865— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; B.S. 
Memorie della Societii degli Spettroscopisti Italiani, raocolte e 

pubblicate per cura del Prof. F. Tacchini. Palermo. 
1872— B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
See Sp«t. Zt. Km. 
Baccolta di Lettere, etc. intomo alia Fisica ed alle Mathematiohe ; 

Palomba. Boma. 
1845—48. B.M.t. 

Ixiv 



Padora 0. Se. BU. 



Patormo Oir. Mt. Bd. 



Faleraae a. Z. ZBo. 



Palenno O. fle. BTL. 



Sp«t.Zt. 



Palomba Bae. 



List of Serial Publications 

Beitrage zur Naturkande aus den Ostseeprovinzen Busslands; 

Pander. Dorpat. 
1820. Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

Annales du Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers. Paris. 

1861— B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; I.CE.t.; Ozon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; 

S.E.t. 
See A. Oons. Arts at M4t. 

M^moires de P Academic des Sciences de PInstitut de France. 

Paris. 
1816— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dub.B.D.S.i.; Dub.T.C.i. 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.t.; N.H.M. 
Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Snrg.; B.S.; S.K. 
U.C.L. 
See Far. BKm. Ao. Se. 

Annaes das Sciencias, etc. por huma Sooiedade de Portaguezes 

residentes em Paris. Paris. 
1818—27. B.M.; Camb.U. t. 
See A. das Be. 

ikcm Wonn. Annales scientifiqnes de 1 * Ecole Normale Sap^rieure. Paris. 

1864— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dab.B.C.S.t.; 
Dub.B.D.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Ozon.B.; B.S.; 
S.K. 
See Far. ^o. Worm. A. 

Annales de PObeervatoire de Paris. M^moires. Paris. 

1855— B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Dub.N.L.I. ; Dub.T.C. ; Edinb.B.S. ; 

Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
See Far. OIm. A. 

Annales des Ponts et Chaoss^es. M^moires et documents relatifs 

k TArt des Constructions et au Service de Plng^nieur. Paris. 
1831— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 

I.CE.; P.O.; B.S.t. 
See A. Fon. Ohaass. 

Bulletin de la Sooi^t^ Botanique de France. Paris. 

1854— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Dub.T.C.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Pharm. 
S.t.; S.K. 
See Ft. S. Bt. BU. 

r. BU. a. O. Bulletin de la Soci^t^ Chimique de Paris. Paris. 

1858— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dub.B.C.S.t.; 
Dub.B.D.S.t.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Pharm. 
S.t.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 
See Far. A. O. BIL 

Far. BU. 0. Baeoitr. Bulletin de la Soci^t^ d'Encouragement pour PIndustrie Nationale. 

Paris. 
1802— Camb.U.; Dub.B.C.S.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg. 
P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K.t. 

Far. BU. S. Og. Bulletin de la Soci^t^ de Geographic. Paris. 

1822— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.'t. ; N.H.M. ; 

Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 
See Far. Off. 8. BU. and Far. 8. Hkg. BU. 

Bulletin des Sciences de la Soci^t^ Philomathique de Paris. Paris. 

1791— 18a5; 1814—24; 1864— B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C.t.; 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.t.; 
B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.; U.C.L. 
See Far. 8. Fblm. BU. 

Annualre public par le Bureau des Longitudes. Paris. 

1799— B.M. ; Camb.U.t.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.U.t.; B.A.S.t.; 
B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K. 

OL Alp. Fr. An. Annuaire du Club Alpin Fran^ais. Paris. 

1875— B.M.; Geol.S.t.; B.Geogr.S. 

..Ac Worm. A. 5m Far. A. Ac irorm. 

r. AcFoLOor. Correspondance sur P Ecole Poljtechnique, 4 Pusage des EUves de 

cette Ecole; Hachette. Paris. 
1808—16. B.M.t.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; U.C.L. 

r. Ac FoL X Journal de P^cole Polytechnique. Paris. 

1795— B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; 
Edinb.B.S. ; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.t.; Linn. 

Ixv 



List of Serial Pablications 

S.f.; Math.S.t.; Oxon.B.(B.); P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.; 

U.C.L.i. 
See Far. J. flc PoL 

Par. Os. 8. BIL iSee Par. BU. 8. Off. and Par. 0. as. BU. 

Par. Ingm OIt. IKm. M^moires et Gomptes Bendos des Travauz de la Sooi6t6 des Ing^nieurs 

Civils. Paris. 

1848— B.M.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.; P.O. 
See Par. BKm. Xn^. OIt. 

Par. J. ile. PoL ^e^ Par. ^e. PoL J. 

Par. ]Lli. BL Tr. Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. Laboratoire d'Histologie da 

College de France. Travauz. Paris. 
1877— B.M.; Camb.U.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.; U.C.L.i. 
Parma O. 8. BKd. Ohlr. ... Giomale della Society Medioo-Chirurgica di Parma. Parma. 

1806—13. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i. 

Ae. 80. iSe« Par. Ae. 80. BKm. 

dal'Z. M^moires de la Classe des Sciences math^matiques et physiques 

de PInstitut. Paris. 
1798—1815. B.M.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.; B.A.S.i.; B.C.Surg.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Par. Km. Xkig. OIt. See Tmx, Jng, Oiw, WSm, 

8aT. Atr. M6moires pr^sent^s k PInstitut des Sciences, Lettres et Arts par 

divers Savans, et lus dans ses Assemblies : Sciences Math^matiques 
et Physiques. Paris. 
1806—11. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; 
Glasg.U.; I.CE.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; 
B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
M6moires pr^sent^s par divers Savans k PAcad6mie des Sciences de 

PInstitut de France. Paris. 
1827— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t. ; Geol.S.i.; 
Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.i.; Linn.S.t. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K. 

8. &. M^moires de la Soci^t^ Linn^nne de Paris. Paris. 

1822—27. B.M. ; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t. ; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M. ; 
Oxon.B.t.; B.S.t. 

8. 8aT. M^moires des Soci^t^s Savantes et Litt^raires de la B^publique 

Fran^aise. Becueillis et r6dig^s par les Citoyens Prony, etc. 
Paris. 
1801—02. B.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 

B. Ht. BIL Bulletin du Museum d*Histoire Naturelle. Paris. 

1895— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S. ; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.K. 
Par. Bis. B. Ht. Oont. ... Centenaire de la Fondation du Museum d'Hlstoire Naturelle. Paris. 

1893. B.M.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
Par. ICa. B. Ht. Xb&. ... M^moires du Museum d*Histoire Naturelle. Paris. 

1815—32. B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K,; 
U.C.L. 
Ht. H. Areli. Nouvelles Archives du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris. 

1865— [Continuationof: Archives, etc., 1839 — 61.] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; 
Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg. 
P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.C. 
Surg.; B.S.; S.K.t. 

VirlL'x f- See Tmr, JL, Ohm, 

{Mm,) } 

Par. Poidsotaiaa. PV. ... Comity International des Poids et Mesures. Proc^-Yerbaux des 

Stances Paris. 
1875— Gamb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Glasg.U.t.; M.O.t.; 

Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
Travaux et M^moires du Bureau International des Poids et Mesures. 

Paris. 
1881— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; 

Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Comptes Bendus des Stances et M^moires de la Soci^t^ de Biologic. 

Paris. 

1849— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; 
Dub.B.LA.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
B.C.Surg.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 

Ixvi 



. *^VAlAWI)«aBWi ^Wm 



List of Serial PnblicationB 

r. 8. BL (VtfL JaMl.)... Cinquantenaire de la Sooidt^ de Biologie, Yolume Jubilaire. Pans. 

1899. Edinb.B.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.S. 

Vmr. 8. O. BU. See Far. BIL 8. C. 

Tmx. 8. Oblr. BIL ct Mm. Bulletins et M^moires de la Soci^t^ de Ohimrgie de Paris. Paris. 

1875 — [Continuation of: Bulletins, 1851 — 74, and M^moires, 
1847—74.] Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Oxon.B.(B.); B.C.Surg. 

Far. 84. ]6o. Worm. Stances des Ecoles Normales. Paris. 

1800—01. B.S.; U.C.L. 

Far. BL 8. Fa. Sluices de la Sooi^t^ FranQaise de Physique. Paris. 

1873— B.M.i.; Camb.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 
See Far. 8. Fa. 8«. 

Far. 8b Off. BU. See Far. BU. 8. Off. ami Far. Off. 8. BU. 

r. 8.00.0. B. Gompte Bendu des Stances de la Sooi^t^ de G^ographie et de la 

Commission Centrale. Paris. 
1882— B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.t.; 
U.C.L.t. 

r. 8. OL BU. Bulletin de la Sooi^t^ G6ologique de France. Paris. 

1830— B.M. ; Camb.U.t. ; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M. ; Geol.S. ; 
Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.E.t.; 
U.C.L.t. 
r. 8. Md. Am. Mm, ... M^moires de la Sooi^t^ M^icale d'Emulation. Paris. 

1797—1826. B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.; 
B.C.Surg. 

r. 8. MCtb. BU. Bulletin de la Soci6t6 Math^matique de France. Paris. 

1873— B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Math.S. ; 
Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S. 

r. 8b Flilm. BU. 5ee Far. BU. 8. Flilm. 

r. 8. Flilm. Km. Oant. M^moires publics par la Soci6t^ Philomathique k Poooasion du 

Centenaire de sa Fondation. Paris. 
1888. B.M.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.; B.A.S.; B.S. 

r. 8. Fblm. W. BU. Kouveau Bulletin des Sciences de la Soci^t^ Philomathique de Paris. 

Paris. 
1807—1813; 1825—26; 1832—33. B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; 

N.H.M.; P.O.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; U.C.L. 
Extraits des Proods-Verbaux des Stances de la Soci^t^ Philomathique. 

Paris. 
1836—63. N.H.M.; B.S. 

8.FB.84. S^ee Far. 84. 8. Fa. 

r. T. WaQlL Ao. Fam. ... Pami^tnik Towarzystwa Nauk Soiiriych w Paiyzu. Paris. 

1871—82. B.M.; N.H.M. 
Notices des Travaux de la Soci^t^ des Amateurs des Sciences 

physiques et naturelles de Paris. Paris. 
1807—08. 
Soci^t^ Agricole, Soientifique, et Litt^raire des Pyr^nees-Orientales. 

[M^moires.] Perpignan. 
1863. Glasg.P.S.t. 

Mittheilimgen aus Justus Perthes' Geographischer Anstalt iiber 
wichtige neue Erforschungen auf dem Gesajnmtgebiete der 
Geographic; Petermann. Gotha. 
1855— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.C.S.; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg. 
P.S.t. ; Glasg.U.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B. ; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Mittheilungen [Praotische und kritische Mittheilungen] aus dem 
Gebiete der Medicin, Chirurgie, und Pharmacie; Pfaff. Kiel, 
Altona. 
1832_41. Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.S. 

FAv8« Artih. FL Archiv f tir die gesanmite Physiologic des Menschen und der Thiere ; 

Pfltiger. Bonn. 
1868— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Edinb.U.; 
Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.E.; U.C.L. 
FIdlad. Ae. Ht. 8e. J. ... Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 

Philadelphia. 
1817— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.t.; 
Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
See FhUad. J. Ac. Ht. 8g. 

Ixvii 



••.•••• 



List of Serial Publications 

nuiad. JLou Wt. Be. F. ... Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 

Philadelphia. 
1841— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.{.; 
£dinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; Ozon.B.; 
P.O.t.; B.A.S.i.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 

VhUad. OcHJL Ttaa, J. Journal of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy. Philadelphia. 

1830 — 35. [Continued as: American Journal of Pharmacy, 1836—] 

Glasg.P.S.; Pharm.S.; B.C.Surg. 
See Vhilad. J. OolL Fhin. 
Pliilad. J. Ae. irt. Be. ... <Se« PblUd. Ac. Hi. 8c J. 

FbUad. J. 06U. Vbin. See Fbllad. Ooll. Vbin. J. 

Fhilad. au. Pa. J The Philadelphia Medical and Physical Journal. Philadelphia. 

1804—08. B.M.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S.t. 

Phllad. T Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. Philadelphia. 

1771— B.M.f.;. Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.i.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.i.; 
Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.i.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 
B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 
See Am. Fb. B. T. 

VhiL Tirana. Philosophical Transactions of the Boyal Society of London. London. 

1665— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.C.S.; 
Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol. 
S.t.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.t.; Math.S.t.; 
M.O.t. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t. ; P.O.; 
B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

Pharmaceutisches Central-Blatt. Leipzig. 

1830 — 49. [Continued as: Chemisch-pharmaceutisches Central- 
Blatt, 1850—55.] B.M.; Chem.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Pharm.S.t.; 
P.O.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 

, The Philosophical Magazine, or Annals of Chemistry, Mathematics, 

Astronomy, Natural History and General Science. London. 
1827 — 32. [Continuation of: The Philosophical Magazine... ; 
Tilloch, 1798—1826.] 
The London, Edinburgh [and Dublin] Philosophical Magazine and 

Journal of Science. London. 
1832— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub. 
B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
Glasg.U.; I.CE. ; Linn.S.t.; Math.S.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M. ; 
Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.; IBt.C.Surg.; B.S.; 
S.K.; U.C.L. 

FhiB. J. The Pharmaceutical Journal and Transactions. London. 

1841— B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; 
Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.(B.); 
Pharm.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.t.; S.K.t.; U.C.L. 

Fhin. S. BnaaL Pharmaoeutische Zei tschrif t f iir Bussland . St Petersburg. 

1862— B.M.; P.O. 
See Busd. Fhin. Z. 

Fliot.J. The Photographic Journal, including the Transactions of the 

Photographic Society of Great Britain. London. 
1877 — [Continuation of: The Journal of the Photographic Society 
of London, 1854—76.] B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.; Dub.T.C.t.; 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; I.CE.t.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; 
P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

Fh. Btod. Philosophische Studien herausgegeben von Wilhelm Wundt. 

Leipzig. 
1883— Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; 
U.C.L. 

Fbt. Aroli Photographisches Archiv; Journal des allg. Deutschen Photo- 

graphen-Vereins. Elberfeld. 
1860—97. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; P.O. 

Flit. Mb. Photographische Monatshef te. Braunschweig. 

1862—64. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t. 

Fl&t. B. J. Journal of the Photographic Society of London. London. 

1853—76. [Continued as: The Photographic Journal, 1877—] 
B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
I.CE.t.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K. 

Ixviii 



of Serial Publications 

Annali delle UniveraiU Toscane. (Parte 2da.) SoienEe Cosmo- 

lofl^cliG Pisft 
1846^ Camb.U.i.; N.H.M.; B.S.t.; S.E.i. 
Md. Oliir. ... Miscellanea medioo-ohirurglco-farmaceutiohe raocolte in Pisa. ^sa. 

1843—44. 01a8g.P.S.i.; Oxon.B. 

Nuovo GKomale ob' Letterati. Pisa. 

1822—39. B.M.; Camb.U.; Oxon.B. 
Ffaa 8. To«e. At. {Mm,),., Atti della Society Tosoana di Scienze Naturali residente in Pisa. 

Memorie. Pisa. 
1876— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Dnb.B.I.A.; Geol.S.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
FlMi B. Toao. Jk!L (PV,).., Atti della Society Toscana di Scienze Natorali residente in Pisa. 

Processi Verbali. Pisa. 
1876— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Dub.T.C; Geol.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
n«lfllaAt.Ae. Atti della B. Accademia Pistojese di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti: 

Nfemorie di Matematica e Fisica, per V anno 1816. Pistoja. 
1816. B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 

Plisto. Xa. Le Physiologiste Busse. Moscou. 

1898— Olasg.P.S.i.; B.S.; U.C.L.i. 
Ptym. X. T Annual Beports and Transactions of the Plymonth Institution and 

Devon and Cornwall Natural History Society. Plymouth. 
1866— Camb.U.t.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; £dinb.B.S.i.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.t.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Annalen der Physik und Chemie; Poggendorff, Wiedemann. 

Leipzig. 
1824—99. [Continuation of: Annalen der Physik; Gilbert, 1799^ 

1824.] [Continued as: Annalen der Physik; Drude, 1900—] 

B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; 

Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Olasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.t.; LCE.t.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.(B.); Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.t.;B.S.;S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
See A. Fa. O. 

U Poligrafo: Giomale di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti; Orti.. Vezona. 
1830—46. B.M.; Oxon.B. 

IPoOiA. Annali di Chimica; Polli. Milano. 

1846—97. [Continued as: Annali di Farmacoterapia e Chimica, 
. 1898—] B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Chem.S.t.; Pharm.S.i.; P.O.i. 
See A. di O. 
Jahresberioht der Pollichia, eines Naturwissensohaftliohen Vereins 

der Bheinpfalz. Durkheim a. d. Haardt. 
1843— Camb.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.S.t. 
Polyteohnische Mittheilungen, unter Mitwirkung von Professoren 

hoherer technischer Lehranstalten. Tubingen. 
1844—46. B.M.; B.S. 
Popular Astronomy. Northfield, Minnesota. 
1894— B.M.; Olasg.U.; B.A.S.; S.E. 

The Popular Science Beview: a Quarterly Miscellany of enter- 
taining and instructive articles on Scientific Subjects ; Samuelson. 

London. 
1861—81. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.U.i.; 

Geol.M.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; LCE.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.i.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.i.; S.K. 
T»a¥. 0L Oom. Comnmnicapoes da CommissiKo dos Trabalhos Geologicos de Portugal. 

Lisboa. 
1883 — 92. [ConHnued €Lt : CommunicaQdesdaDirec^So, etc.,1896^] 

B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Olasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M. ; 

Oxon.B.i.; B.S. 
Prace Matematyczno-Fizyczne. Warsaw. 
1888— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.B.I.A.i.; Math.S.; 

B.S.i. 
The Practitioner. London, Paris, New York, Melbourne. 
1868— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.i.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.i.; 

B.C.Surg. 
Abhandlungen der k. Bdhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften. 

Prag. 
1786—1892. B.M.i.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.B.I.A.i.; Edinb. 

B.S.i.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Qxon.B.; B.CSurg.i.; 

B.S.i.; S.E.i. 
See 



VOL. III. Ixix e 



List of Serial Publications 

Arms d»rti < Ak. Fr. Jos. Pam4tn(k na oslavu padesitilet^no panovnlck^ho jabilea jeho 

Vam. veliSenstva cisaife a kr&le Frantiska Josefa I. Yydala 6esk& 

Akademie Cisa^e FrantiAka Josefa pro VMy, Slovesnost a Umeni. 
[Memoirs in honour of the jubilee of his Imperial and Boyal 
Nfajesty Franz Joseph I. Edited by the Imperial Bohemian 
Franz-Joseph Academy of Sciences, Literature and Art.] Praze 
(Prag). 
1898. Gamb.P.S.; N.H.M. 
Trmg dMk^ Ak. Fr. Jos. Bozprawy Oesk^ Akademie Cisafe FrantiSka Josefa pro Yidj, 
Ss> Slovesnost a Um&ii. [Memoirs of tibe Imperial Bohemian Franz- 
Joseph Academy of Sciences, Literature and Art.] Prag. 
1891— B.M.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.i.; U.C.L.t. 
Tmg Fr. Jos. Ae. 8c. BU. Academic des Sciences de I'Empereur Francois Joseph I {deskk 

{Mth, Nt,) Akademie Cisafe Frantiska Josefa I). Bulletin Internationa]. 

B^um^ des Travaux pr^nt^s. Sciences Math^matiques et 
Naturelles. Prag. 
1897— Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.t. 

Fras flb. Sitzungsberichte der k. Bdhmischen Gesellsohaf t der Wissenschaften 

in Prag. Prag. 
1869— Gamb.P.S.; Oamb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb. 
B.S.t.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

Frac ^mdhTm Vierteljahrschrlft fdr die praktische Heilkunde; herausg. von der 

Medicinischen Facultat in Prag. Prag. 
1844—79. [Continued at: Zeitschrift fur Heilkunde, 1880— ] B.M.; 
Camb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C.Surg. 

Verhandlungen des Yereins f iir Naturkunde zu Presburg. Presburg. 

1856— B.M.; Camb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; 
B.S.t. 

Presse Scientifique des Deux Mondes. Paris. 

1860—66. B.M.; B.S.t. 

PhysikalskeMeddelelser; Amdtsen. Christiania. 

1858. 

The Physical Beview. New York, London, Berlin. 

1894— B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.C.S.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 

PhysiluJische Zeitschrift. Leipzig. 

1899— Camb.P.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; 
S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

Obs. Pb. Publicationen des Astrophysikalisohen Obseiratoriums zu Potsdam. 

Potsdam. . . 

1878— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S. • 

, Publications de PObservatoire Central Nicolas. St.-P6tersbourg. 

1893^ [Continuatian of: Observations de Poulkova, 1869^91.] 
Camb.P.S.; Dub.B.I.A. ; Edinb.B.S.t. ; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.A.S. ; 
B.S.t. 



QJ.IIer. fle. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science; Lankestef and Busk. 

Iiondon. 
1853— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I. 

Dub.B.C.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S. 

Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S. 

P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
See J. Xer. So. and Xer. J. 

QJ. Mth. The Quarterly Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics. London. 

1865— B.M-; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.T.C. ; 

Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; I.CB.t.; Math. 

S.t.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Qj. Be. The Journal of Science and the Axts; edited at the Boyal Institution 

of Great Britain. London. 
1816—19. 

Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature and Arts. London. 
1819—30. B.M. ; Camb.U.; Chem.S. ; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; 

Glasg.U.t. ; I.CE. ; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; B.C.Snrg.; 

B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Qj. 0e. TheQuarterlyJoumalof Science [and Annals of Mining...]. London. 

1864—78. [Continued as: The Journal of Science, etc., 1879—85.] 

B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Bdinb.B.8.; 

Ixx 



List of Serial Publications 

Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.i.; M.O.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
Pharm.S.i.; P.O.; R.A.S.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.K. 

QoiMnflL B. 8. P. The Proceedings of the Boyal Society of Queensland. Brisbane. 

1884— B.M. ; Camb.P.S. ; Dub.B.I.A. ; Edinb.R.S. ; Geol.S. ; 
Glaag.P.S.i. ; I.CE.i. ; Linn.S.t. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; P.O.i.; 
B.G.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S. 

QiMk. Xer. OL J. Journal of the Quekett Microscopical Club. London. 

1868— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.(R.); P.O.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

QatMlAt Cor. BItli. Correspondance Math^matique et Physique; publi6e par BiM. 

Gamier et Quetelet. Gand, Bruxelles. 
1826—39. B.M.; Camb.U.; B.A.S.i.; R.S.; U.C.L. 

XallToad * Bus. J. The Railroad and Engineering Journal. New York. 

1887 — 92. [Continuation of: Van Nostrand's Engineering Magazine, 
1869 — 85.] [Continued at: American Engineer and Riulroad 
Journal, 1893—] B.M.; I.CE.; P.O. 

An. Os* Annuario geografico Italiano ; Ranuzzi. Bologna. 

1844—45. B.M.; Camb.U.; R.Geogr.S. 

QfL Xt. Rassegna delle Scienze Geologiche in Italia. Roma. 

1892. B.M.».; Camb.U.; Geol.M.t.; N.H.M.t.; R.S.t.; U.C.L. 
Reoherches Chronom^triques ; public sous la direction da Ministre 

de la Marine. Paris. 
1854— R.S.f. 
Kosmos : Zeitschrift f iir angewandte Naturwissensohaften ; Reclam* 

Leipzig. 
1857—60. B.M.; R.A.S.t. 

(Xoflooa) Recueil math^matique. Public par la Soci6t^ Math6matique de 

Moscou. [In Russian.] Moscou. 
1866— R.S. 

Tr. O. F.-Baa Recueil des Travaux Chimiques des Pays-Bas [et de la Belgique]. 

Leide. 
1882— Camb.P.S.; Chem.S.; P.O.; S.K. 
, Archiv fur Anatomic, Physiologic, und Wissenschaftliche Medioin; 
Miiller, Reichert, Da Bois-Reymond. Berlin. 
1834 — 76. [Continuation of: Archiv fiir Anatomie and Physiologie, 
1826—32.] [Continued <u: Archiv fiir Anatomie und Physiologie, 
1877—] B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Edinb.U. ; Glasg.P.S.t. ; Glasg.U. ; 
N.H.M.; Ox<m.R.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.E.; U.C.L. 
See JLtohm An. PL and afttller Aroh. 
Annales de PAcad^mie de Reims. Reims. 

1842-43. [Continuedag: Stances etc., 1844— ] B.M. ; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; R.S. 

84. Ac Stances et Travaux de 1* Academic de Reims. Reims. 

1844— [ConHnuation of: Annales, etc., 1842—48.] B.M.i.; 
N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B. 

B4p. O. ApvL Repertoire de Chimie appliqu6. Paris. 

1859-63. Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; Pharm.S.t.; 
R.S. 

Papers on subjects connected with the duties of the Corps of Royal 

Engineers. London. 

1843— Camb.U.; Geol.M.t.; I.CE.; P.O.t.; S.E.i. 
r«atplud. 8b. ... Sitzungsberichte der Niederrheinischen Gesellschaft fdr Natur- and 

Heilkunde zu Bonn. Bonn. 
1854— B.M.i.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.R.D.S.t.; Dub.R.I.A.t.; Edinb. 

R.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; R.S.t.; S.K. 
See Bonn lfl«dr. Cta. 8b. 
Verhandlansen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussisohen 

Rheinlanae, Westfalens and des Reg.-Bezirks Osnabrilck. Bonn. 

1844— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.t.; Dub.R.I.A.t.; Edinb.R.S.t.; 
Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; R.C.Sarg.i.; R.S.t.; S.K. 

See Bonn HB. Vt. Vb. and Bonn Vb. HB. TTr. 

MIL Vr* Arbeiten des Naturf orsohenden Vereins in Riga. Rudolstadt. 

1848. Camb. U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.fl.M.; R.S. 

BL Correspondenzblatt des Naturforscher- Vereins zu Riga. Riga. 

1846— B.M.; Dub.R.LA.t.; N.H.M.; R.S.t. 
X, J*. Journal of the Royal Institution of Great Britain. London. 

Ixxi e 2 



List of Serial Publications 



XioObikST. 



At. W. Une.. 



BlLlbt. 



sr. Une. At. 



molH J. 



1802—03; 1880^31. Gamb.U.t.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb. 

B.S.t.; Gteol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.i.; Linn.S.i.; 

N.H.M.i.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.i.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Siixg,; 

B.S.; S.K.i.; U.C.L.i. 
Bevista do Observatorio. PublicaQio Mensal do Imperial Observatorio 

do Bio de Janeiro. Bio de Janeiro. 
1886—91. I>ab.B.D.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.i.; M.O.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
X.F. Notice of the Proceedings at the meetings of the members of the 

Boyal Institution, with Abstracts of £e Discourses delivered at 

the Evening Meetings. London. 
1851— B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Chem.S. ; Dub.B.I.A. ; Dub.T.C. ; 

Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.i.; 

Linn.S. ; M.O. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S. ; P.O.; B.A.S. ; 

B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.E.; U.C.L. 
Atti dell' Accademia Pontificia de* Nuovi Lincei. Boma. 
1847— B.M.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.t.; 

N.H.M.; Ozon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.GeQgr.S.t.; B.S. 
^See mm. H. xaao. At. 

Atti della Beale Accademia dei Lincei. Boma. 
1870—83. B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Gamb.U.t.; Ghem.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; 

Dub.B.I.A.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.; MaUi.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.G.L.i. 
See Bm. B. Ae« Une. At. 
Bullettino Meteorologioo dell* Osservatorio del Gollegio Bomano. 

Boma. 
1862 — 78. [Contintied at : Pontificia University Gregoriana, 1879 — } 

Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; M.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; U.G.L.t. 
Gorrispondenza Scientifica in Boma per Tavanzamento deUe 

Scienze, etc. Boma. 
1848—69. 
See Bm. 8e. Gor. 
See Bm. At. 

Memorie della Pontificia Accademia dei Nuovi Lincei. Boma. 
1887— Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; EdinbJt.S.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
See Bm. At. B. Ae. 
Atti della B. Accademia dei Lincei. Memorie della Glasse di Sciense 

fisiche, matematiche e natural!. Boma. 
1877— B.M.t.; Gamb.P.S.; Gamb.U. ; Ghem.S.; Dub.B.I.A.t. ; 

Edinb.B.S. ; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Ghisg.U. ; I.GE.t. ; 

Linn.S.; Math.S.t. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t. ; 

B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.E.; U.G.L. 
Atti della B. Accademia dei Lincei. Bendiconti. Boma. 
1885— [Conttntiatumo/: Transunti, 1877— 84.] B.M. ; Gamb.P.S.; 

Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.; Dub.T.G.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; 

I.GE.t.; Linn.S.; Math.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B. A. S.; 

B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.G.L. 

Ae.Une.T. Atti della B. Accademia dei Lincei. Transunti. Boma* 

1877—84. [Canttnii^a<: Bendiconti. 1885— ] B.M. ; Gamb.P.S.; 

Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P. 

S.t.; Glasg.U.; I.GE.t.; Linn.S.; Math.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.G.L. 
See Bm. Oor. Se. 
Memorie di Matematica e di Fisica della Society Italiana deUe 

Scienze. Napoli, Boma. 
1782— B.M.t.; Gamb.P.S.; Gamb.U.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t.; 

Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.t.; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.G.Suig.t.; B.S.; 

S.K.t.; U.G.L.t. 
See Kod. Bbn. 8., Mod. 0. Zt. Bbn., and Verona Bbn. «. Zt. 
Pubblicazioni della Specola Vaticana. Boma, Torino. 
1891— Glasg.U.t.; M.O.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
Annali dell* Ufficio Gentrale di Meteorologia Italiana [Uffioio 

Gentrale Meteorologico e Geodinamico Italiano]. Boma. 
1880^ M.O.; B.A.S.t. 
Journal de TAnatomie et de la Physiologic normales et pathologiques 

de 1* Homme et des Animaux; Bobin. Paris. 
1864— B.M.; Gamb.P.S.t. ; Gamb.U.; Edinb.U. ; Glasg.U.t.; 

N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.G.Suig.; B.S.; S.K.; U.G.L.t. 

Ixxii 



Bm.8.Zt. 



Bm- Spee. Vat. Fli. . 
Vft Oentr. Met. 



last of Serial Publications 

(W. T.) Aa. Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Sciences. Bochester, N.T. 

I. P. 1890— B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.S.; 

U.C.L.i. 
v. lV1uid«rlloii Arohi V fur Physiologische Heilkonde ; Boser , Wonderlich , Griesinger . 

Stuttgart. 

1842—59. [Continiied (M : AichivderHeilkunde, 1860^78.] B.M.; 
Gamb.U.; Olasg.P.S.t.; Oxon.B.i.; B.G.Surg.; B.S.; U.G.L. 

Nieuwe VerhandeUngen van het Bataafsch Genootschap der Proef on- 

dervindelijke Wijsbegeerte te Botterdam. Botterdam. 
1800— B.M.f.; Gamb.U.t.; Ghem.S.i.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.i.; 
Glasg.U.t.; I.GE.t.; Oxon.B.; B.G.Surg.t.; B.S. 

, Precis analytique des Travaux de 1' Academic des Sciences, Belles- 

Lettres, et Arts de Bouen. Bouen. 
1804— B.M. ; Gamb.U.; Dub.B.I.A. ; Dub.T.G. ; N.H.M.i. ; 

Oxon.B.; B.S.i. 
See XovMn Tr. Ae. 

BO. Bm ikakm Bulletins [des travaux] de la Sooi^t6 Libre d'Emulation de Bouen. 

Bouen. 
1837— B.M.; Oxon.B. 

BeaMi S. fla BU. Bulletin de la Soci^t^ des Amis des Sciences Naturelles de Bouen. 

Bouen. 
1875— B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 

XoiMnTr. Ae. £»ee Xouan Ao. Tr. 

Z. WUit. A. Annales de Plnstitut M^t^rologique de Boumanie. Buoarest, Paris. 

1886— B.M.t.; Edinb.B.S.; M.O.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.t. 
O. Bepertorium der Analjtischen Ghemie fiir Handel, Gewerbe und 

6£fentliche Gesundsheitspflege. Hamburg, Leipzig. 
1881 — 87. [Contintied as : Zeitschrift fiir die Ghemische Industrie, 
1887.] Ghem.S.; P.O. 

Bepertorium der literarischen Arbeiten aus dem Gebiete der reinen 

und angewandten Mathematik. Leipzig. 
1877—79. Gamb.U.; B.S. 

Bepertorium fiir die Pharmacie ; Gehlen. NtLmberg. 

1815—51. B.M.; Gamb.U.; Edinb.U.; Kmrm.S.; B.O.Surg.; B.S. 

Bepertorium der Physik. Enthaltend eine vollstandige Zusammen- 

stellung der neuem Fortschritte dieser Wissenschaft. Berlin. 
1837—49. Ghem.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; P.O.; B;S:; "S.K.; U.G.L. 

O. Tm, Si J. Journal of the Bussian Ghemical Society and of the Physical Society 

of the Imperial University of St. Petersburg. [In Bussian.] 

St. Petersburg. 

1873—78. [Continuation of: Journal of the Bussian Ghemical 
Society, 1869—72.] [Continued as: Joumad of tiie Bussian 
Physico-Ghemical Society, etc., 1879 — ] Gamb.P.S.t.; Ghem.S.; 
Edinb.B.S.i.; N.H.M. 

0. S. J. Journal of the Bussian Ghemical Society. [In Bussian.] St. Peters- 
burg. 

1869 — 72. [Continued as: Journal of the Bussian Ghemical Society 
and of the Physical Society of the Imperial University of St. Peters- 
burg, 1873—78.] Gamb.P.S.i.; Ghem.S.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Glasg. 
P.S.i.; N.H.M. 

1. F. Abstracts of the papers printed in the Philosophical Transactions 

of the Boyal Society of London from 1800 to 1848. London. 

1832—43. 

Abstracts of the papers communicated to the Boyal Society of 

London from 1843 to 1854. London; 1851-54. 
Proceedings of the Boyal Society of London. London. 
1856— B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.i. ; 

Dub.B.G.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.G.; Edinb.B.S.; 

Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.i.; I.GE.; 

Linn.S.i. ; Math.S.i. ; M.O. ; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.i.; Oxon.B. ; 

Pharm.S.i.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.G.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; 

U.G.L. 
J. Journal of the Bussian Physico-Ghemical Society of the Imperial 

University of St Petersburg. [In Bussian.] St Petersburg. 
1879 — [Continuation of: Journal of the Bussian Ghemical Society, 

etc., 1869—78.] Gamb.P.S.i.; Ghem.S.; Edinb.B.S.i.; N.H.M. 
Yearbook of the Boyal Society of London. (Biography 1900.) 

Ixxiii 



List of Serial Publications 

8. Sp. Reports of the Bugbj School Natural History Society. Bogby. 

1867— Geol.S.i.; M.O.; N.H.M.; R.A.S.; S.K.t. 

B Pharmaceutische Zeitschrif t f iir Bussland. St. Petersburg. 

1862— B.M.; P.O. 
See Finn. Z. BqML 

St. AztL Bevue d*Artillerie. Paris, Nancy. 

, 1872— B.M.; LCE.; P.O. 

&▼• BrasiL Bevista Brazileira, Jomal de Scienoias, Ijettras e Artes; Oliveira. 

Bio de Janeiro. 
1867—61. B.M.; N.H.M.; B.S.i. 

B.T. Bt. Bevue de Botanique. Bulletin Mensuel de la Soci6t^ Fran^aise de 

Botanique. Courrensan, Toulouse. 
1882—96. Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; Pharm.S.t. 

Bt. Oooxs 80. Bevue des Gours Soientifiques de la France et de P^tranger; Eog. 

Tung et Em. Alglave. Paris. 
1863—70. [Continued (u: Bevue Scientifique, etc., 1871— ] B.M.; 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.G.Surg.; 
B.S.f S.K. 

Bt. Mn. Bt. Bevue O^nerale de Botanique. Paris. 

1889— B.M.; Camb.U.; Olasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
S.K.; U.C.L. 
Bt. Off . It. Bivista Oeografica Italiana. Boma. 

1893— B.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; B.Geogr.S. 
Bt. It. 80. irt. 8iMia Bivista Italiana di Scienze Naturali. Siena. 

1889— [Continuation of: Bollettino del Natnralista, 1881—88.] 
Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M. 

! Bevue maritime et coloniale. Paris. 
1861— B.M.; I.GE.i.; M.O.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.G60gr.S.f. 

Or. Bivista di Mineralogia e Gristallografia Italiana. Padova. 

1887— B.M.; Gamb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; N.H.M.; S.K. 

Bivista di Matematica. Torino. 

1891 — 96. [Continued cu: Bevue de Math^matiques, 1896—] 
Gamb.U.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 

Bevue de Math6matiques. Turin. 

1896 — [Continuation of: Bivista di Matematica, 1891 — 95.] 
Gamb.U.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 

Bt. QiMst. 8e. Bevue des Questions Scientifiques, publi^e par la Sooi6t6 Scientifique 

de BruxeUes. Louvain, Paris. 
1877— B.M.; N.H.M.; S.K.t. 

Bt. 8e. Bevue scientifique et industrielle ; Quesneville. Paris. 

1840—62. B.M.; Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.t.; Oxon.B.i.; S.K. 

Bt. 80. La Bevue Scientifique de la France et de TEtranger. Paris. 

1871 — [Continuation of: Bevue des Gours Scientifiques, etc., 
1863—70.] B.M.; Gamb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.i.; B.G.Surg.; B.S.; S.K. 

Bt. 8e.-ZBd. Bivista Scientifico-Industriale delle principiJi scoperte ed invenzioni 

fatte nelle scienze e nelle Industrie. Firenze. 
1869— P.O. 

Bt. 8p«r. FMnlatr. Bivista Sperimentale di Freniatria e di Medioina legale. Beggio* 

Emilia. 
1876— B.G.Surg. 

Bt. Trim. Morgr- Bevista Trimestral Microgr&fica. Organo del Laboratorio Histol6gioo 

de la Facultad de Medicina de Madrid. Madrid. 
1896— B.S. 

Bt. VB. BUiMS Bevue Universelle des Mines, de la M^tallurgie, etc.; de Guyper. 

Paris, Li^ge. 
1867— B.M.; Gamb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; 

I.GE.i.; N.H.M.; P.O.; S.K. 
See C uy pw Bt. Vn. 

.0. aita.8. J. The Journal of the Ghemical and Metallurgical Society of South 

Africa. Johannesburg. 
1898— Gamb.P.S.; Ghem.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; P.O.; S.K.i. 
. O. MtL 8. F. The Proceedings of the Ghemical and Metallurgical Society of South 

Africa. Johannesburg, Edinburgh, New York. 

1894— B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; P.O.; 
S.K. 

Ixxiv 



List of Serial Publications 

The Transactions of the Soath African Philosophical Society. Gape 
Town. 

1878— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Gamb.U.i.; Chem.S.; Edinb.B.S.; 
Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; 
Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.8.; S.E. 

QJ. The South African Quarterly Journal; edited at the African Insti* 

tution. Gape Town. 
1830—35. B.M.t.; Edinb.B.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.Geogr.S.t. 
ktlaso dm Olilto Vn. A. Anales de la Universidad de Ghile. Santiago de Ghile. 

1843— B.M.t.; Dub.T.G.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.t.; 
B.Geogr.S.t. 

■arflM A. BIL Bulletin de la Soci^t^ d*Agriculture, etc., de la Sarthe. Le Mans. 

1833- B.S.t. 

Transactions and Proceedings and Beport of the Boyal Society of 
South Australia. Adelaide. 

1879— Gamb.P.S.t.; Gamb.U.t.; Ghem.S.t.; Dub.B.l.A.t.; Edinb. 
B.S.; Geol.S.; LGE.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.; B.A.S.; 
B.G.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.t. 

(M^moires de la Soci^t^ Acad6mique de Savoie. Ghamb6ry. 

{ 1826— Gamb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.G.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S.t. 



\see 

Vt.BlL Bulletin de la Soci^t^ d*Histoire Naturelle de Savoie. Ghamb^xy. 

1860—63; 1887— Geol.S.t.; N.H.M. 

Science Abstracts. Physics and Electrical Elngineering. London. 

1898— Gamb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.; 

Glasg.P.S.; l.GE. ; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t. ; B.S. ; S.K. ; 

U.G.L. 

€l0> KS- The Scottish Geographical Magazine. Edinburgh . 

1886— B.M.; Gamb.U.; Dub.T.G.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; LGE.t.; M.O.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.S.; U.G.L. 
Neue Zeitschrift filr speculative Physik ; Schelling. Tubingen. 
1802. [CarUinuationof: Zeitschrift, 1800— 01.] B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 

B.S. 
Zeitschrift fur speculative Physik ; Schelling. Jena, Leipzig. 
1800—01. [CotUtnuedof: Neue Zeitschrift, 1802.] B.M.; Gamb.U.; 

Oxon.B.; B.S. 

J. O. Allgemeines Journal der Ghemie ; Scherer. Leipzig. 

1798—1802. [Continued as: Neues Allgemeines Journal etc., 

1803—06.] B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
V. D Neue Denkschriften der aUgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft 

fiir die gesammten Naturwissenschaften. NeuchAtel, Zurich, etc. 
1837— B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.l.A.t.; 

Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.G.Surg.t.; 

B.S.; S.K. 
See Ziir. IT. D. Bob. Oa. 
Verhandlungen der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft fiir die gesammten 

Naturwissenschaften. Aarau, etc. 
1823— B.M.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; B.G.Surg.t.; B.S.; S.K. 
See Aet. 8. SelT., At. 8. BiTat. and Sell. Kt, Cta. Vli. 
Schriften des Naturwissenschaftlichen Yereins fiir Schleswig- 

Holstein. Kiel. 
1873— B.M.; Gamb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.S.t. 

B. Zeitschrift fiir Mathematik und Physik ; Schlomilch . Leipzig. 

1866— B.M.; Gamb.U.; Dub.N.L.Li.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.LA.t.; 

Dub.T.G.t.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.t.; Math.S.t.; Oxon.B.(B.); B.S.; 

S.K.; U.G.L.t. 
See Z. Mth. Tm, 

Q. V. T. The School of Mines Quarterly. New York. 

1879— B.M.t.; Glasg.P.S.; LGE t.; N.H.M.; P.O.; S.K.t. 

SelL Mi, Os. Vli. See Act. 8. EMIT., At. 8. BlT«t. and Bth. Oa. Vh. 

Schweizerische polytechnische Zeitschrift; Bolley. Winterthur. 

1866—70. B.M.; l.GE.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.t. 

Berigten en Verhandelingen over eenige onderwerpen des Zeevaarts ; 

Schrdder. Amsterdam. 
1823—26. BJ^.; Glasg.P.S.t. 

Ixxv 



last of Serial Publications 

liiflitiinacihT Jkm. Ab. AstronomiBohe Abhandlungen ; Schumacher. Altona. 

1823—25. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.; B.A.S.; B.S. 

9h. Jahrbuch (astronomisches) ; Schumacher. Stuttgart, Tiibingen. 

1836—44. Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.; B.S.i.; 
U.C.L. 

B. Denkschriften der Schwabisohen Gesellsohaft der.. Aente und 

Naturforscher. Tilbingen. 
1805. N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K. 

J. Journal f iir Chemie und Physik ; Schweigger . N&mbeig. 

1811—33. B.M.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; 
B.C.Surg.; B.S.t.; S.K. 
Science. Cambridge, liiass., and New Tork. 

1883— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I.f.; I>ub.B.C.S.».; Edinb. 
B.S.; Edinb.U.f.; Oeol.S.t.; aiaflg.P.S.t.; I.CE.t.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.t.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.Oeogr.S.; S.K. 

■.CLXII.J. The Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry. Manchester, 

London. 
1882— Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.L; Dub.B.C.S.; I>ub.B.D.S.; 
Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.i.; Geol.M.t.; Qlasg.U.t.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.t.; 
Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

a. F. Jli T. Proceedings and Transactions of the Scottish Microscopical Society. 

Edinburgh. 
1889— Camb.P.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edmb.U.; Olasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; 

B.S.t. 

8. J. Journal of the Scottish Meteorological Society. Edinburgh, 

London. 

1864— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C. ; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.t. ; 
Glasg.P.S.; Qlasg.U.t.; M.O.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; B.Geogr.S.«.; 
B.S.t.; S.K.t. 

fle. flb arts T Transactions of the Boyal Scottish Society of Arts. Edinburgh. 

1841— B.M.t.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 
See Bdlnli. 8e. 8. arts P. and Bdl&li. T. Be. a Artik 
a Dyers OoL J. The Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists. Bradford , Torks . 

1884— Chem.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; P.O.; S.K. 
... M^moires de la Soci^td des Sciences Naturelles de Seine et Oise. 

Versailles. 
1835— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; N.H.M.; S.K. 

J. Japb Seismological Journal of Japan. Tokohama. 

1893 — ^95. [Continuation of: Transactions of the Seismological 
Society of Japan, 1880—92.] B.M. ; Camb.U.t.; Dnb.B.LA. ; 
Geol.M.; Geol.S.; LCE.; B.A.S.t.; B.Oeogr.S.; B.S. 
... Bericht iiber die Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft 
in Frankfurt am Main. Frankfurt a. M. 
1868— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
B.C.Surg.t.; B.S. 
r.a. Anales del Instituto y Observatorio de Marina de San Fernando. 
San Fernando. 
1883— Camb.P.S.t.; M.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.t. 
... The Sidereal Messenger. Northfield, Minn. 

1883—91. [Continued at: Astronomy and Astrophysics, 1892 — 94.] 
B.M.; B.A.S.; S.K.t. 
... Atti delP Accademia delle Scienze di Siena detta de' Fisio-critioi. 
Siena. 
1761— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t. ; Dub.T.C.t.; N.H.M.t.; 
Oxon.B.; B.C.Suig.t.; B.S.t. 

iiMwi J. The American Journal of Science and Arts; SiUiman. New Haven. 

1818— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; 
Dub.B.C.S.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; 
Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K. 
See Am. J. Be. 

HfLF /Fdrhandlingar vid det af Skandinaviska Naturforsluure och Llikare 

irt.li^r. hlllna Mote Gdtheborg, etc. 

irt.lKM.F. ' Forhandlingeme ved de Skandinaviske NaturforBkere6...Mi0de.... 

Gdtheborg, etc. 
U839— B.M.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.t. 

Ixxvi 



••• < 



List of Serial Publications 



muMhm.1, 



OoL 



■.F. 



flp«t.Xt. 



Of. Smithsonian Contribntions to Knowledge. Washington. 

1848— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Ghem.S.; Dab.T.C; Edinb. 
B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.t.; Oeol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.i.; 
I.CE.; Linn.S.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.i.; 
B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.E.; U.C.L.t. 

Annals of the Astrophysioal Observatoiy of the Smithsonian Instita- 

tion. Washington. 
1900— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U. ; Chem.S.; Edinb.B.S. ; 

Glasg.P.S.i.; I.CE.; M.O.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Washington. 

1862— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.T.C; Edinb. 
B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; 
I.CE.; Linn.S.; M.O.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.i.; 
B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

Annual Beport of the Board of Begents of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution. Washington. 

1846— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; 
Geol.M.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.i.; Math.S.t.; 
M.O.t.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; Pharm.S.t.; P.O.i.; 
B.A.S.i.; B.C.Surg.i.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.i.; S.K.i.; U.C.L.i. 

Somersetshire Archadologioal and Natural EUstory Society's Pro- 
ceedings. Taunton. 

1849— B.M. ; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A. ; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; 
Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B. i.; B.S.i.; S.K.i.; U.C.L.i. 

Lo Sperimentale. Giomale oritico di Medioina e Chirurgia. Firenze. 

1858—79. 

Lo Sperimentale. Giomale Italiano di Scienze Mediche. Firenze, 

Siena. 
1879— Edinb.U.i.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.i. 
Memorie della Societd degli Spettroscopisti Italiani, raocolte e 

pubblicate per cura del Prof. P. Tacchini. Palermo. 
1872— B.M.i.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.i.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
See FalMrmo Bbii. Spot. Zt. 
Commentarii di Medicina ; Spongia. Padova. 
1836-37. Glasg.P.S.i. 
Bericht des Geognostisch-Montanistischen Yereines fiir Steiermark. 

Gratz. 
ia52— 63. Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M.; B.S.; S.K. 
Mittheilungen des Naturwissenschaftliohen Vereins fiir Steiermark. 

Gratz. 

1863— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.i.; Geol.S.; 
Linn.S.i.; M.O.i.; N.H.M.; B.S.; U.C.L.i. 

See Orats SKt. WW. V^. 8tei«nii. 

) Bulletin de la Society de I'Industrie min6rale. St. Etienne. 
J1865— LCE.; P.O.i.; S.K.i. 
Entomologische Zeitung; herausg. v. d. Entomologischen Yereine 

zu Stettin. Stettin. 
1840— B.M.; Camb.U.; Linn.S.; N.H.M. 

Bericht Uber die Thatigkeit der St. Gallischen Naturwissenschaft- 
liohen Gesellschaft. St. Gallen. 
I860— N.H.M.; B.S.i. 

The Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis. St. Louis. 

1856— B.M.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.; 

Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.i.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 

BBdL f Kongliga Svenska Yetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar . Stockholm. 

BBdL 1 1739— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.B.I.A.; 

I Edinb.B.S.i.; Geol.S.i.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; Linn.S.i.; 
{ N.H.M.; B.A.S.i.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; S.K. 

IBihang till Kongl. Svenska Yetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar. 
Stockholm. 
1872— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; B.A.S.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
Geologiska Fdreningens i Stockholm Fdrhandlingar. Stockholm. 
1872— B.M.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; U.C.L.i. 
6f^. Ofversigt af Kongl. Yetenskaps-Akademiens Fdrhandlingar. Stock- 
holm. 

Ixxvii 



iht, Bn. S. In. 

D. Xtff. 



0C &oala Ac T. 



BndLBli. 



moekb. OL r dr. F . 



List of Serial Fablications 

1844— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Gamb.U.; Chem.S.i.; 0ab.B.I.A.; 

Edinb.B.S.f. ; Geol.S. ; Olasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Liim.S.i.; 

N.H.M.; Ozon.B.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; U.C.L.i. 
Btofikli. Vt. Ak. Xi«fti. ... Lefnadsteckningar dfver Kongl. Svenska Yetenskaps Akademien... 

ledamdter. Stockholm. 
1869— Chem.S.i.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edmb.B.S.; G«ol.S.; Glaeg.P.B.; 

Linn.S.t.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S. 
St. T4it, Aie. acm. M6moire8 de PAcad^mie Imp!^riale des Soienoes de St. P^tersbomg. 

St. P^tersbourg. 
1803— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dnb.B.D.S.; 

Dub.B.I.A. ; Dub.T.C. ; Edinb.B.S. ; Edinb.U. ; Geol.M.i. ; 

Geol.S. t.; Glasg.U.i.; Linn.S.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

Oxon.B. ; P.O.t. ; B.C.Surg.t. ; B.Geogr.S.i. ; B.S. ; S.K.t. ; 

U.C.L.i. 
See Bt. F^ Ae. Be. Bbn. and Bt. V4t. Mm. 
8t.F^ Ae. Be. BU. Bulletin Scientifique public par l'Acad6mie Imp^riale des Soienoes 

de St. P^tersbourg. St. Pdtersbourg. 
1836—42. 
Bulletin de la Classe Physico-math^matique de PAcad^mie Imp^riale 

des Sciences de St. P^tersbourg. St. P^tersbourg, Leipzig. 
1843—69. 
Bulletin de PAcad^mie des Sciences de St. P^tersbouig. St. P^ters- 

bourg. 
1860— B.M.i.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A. ; 

Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S.i.; 

B.S.; S.K. 
See Bt. F^ BIL Ae. Be. 

Bt. Pit. Ae. Be. mm. See Bt. Fit. Ae. Bbn. and Bt. F^t. Bbn. 

Bt. Fet. Ae. Be. Bbn. (Rs») Memoirs of the Imperial Academy of Soienoe. [In Bussian.] 

St. Petersburg. [Not the same as Bt. Fit. Ae. Bbn.] 
1862—94. B.M.; Dub.B.I.A. 
Bt. Fet. Ae. Be. ir. Aeta. . . Nova Acta Academiea Scientiarum Imperialis PetropolitansB. Petropoli. 

1783-1802. B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.i.; B.C.Suig.; B.S.; U.C.L. 
Bt; F^ BIL Ae. Be. ) r, 

Bt. Fit. Oom. OL BU. ... Bulletins du Comite Gtologique. St. P^tersbourg. 

1883— Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.t'.; 
B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L. 
Bt. Fet. Md. H^aelir. St. Petersburger Medicinisohe Wochensohrift. St. Petersburg. 

1876— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.i.; B.C.Surg. 

Bt! Fit! £&! Ae^ iie | 'S^^* ■*• ^P**- A«- ■■«•«'"*■*•'**• •^«- ■«• 



Bt. Fit. Bbn. BaT. ^tr. . . . Memoires pr^sent^s k P Academic Imp^riale des Sciences de St. Piters- 

bourg par divers Savans. St. P^tersbourg. 
1831—59. B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.; Linn.S.; 
N.H.M.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; S.K.i.; U.C.L.i. 

Bt. Fet. BCb. Qm, Vh. Verhandlungen der Bussisch-Eaiserlichen Mineralogisohen G^esell- 

schaft zu St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg. 
1842— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.i. ; Geol.M.i.; 
Geol.S.; N.H.M.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.i.; U.C.L.i. 

Bt. Qnent. A. Annales Agricoles du d^partement de P Aisne, publi^es par la Sociiti 

des Sciences, Arts, Belles-Lettres et Agrioulture de St. Quentin. 
St. Quentin. 
1831—42. 
Annales Scientifiques, Agricoles et Industrielles du dipartement de 

PAisne (Soci^t^ Acad^mique de Saint Quentin). St. Quentin. 
1844—55? B.M.; Oxon.B.i.; B.S.i. 

Bt. Qoent. Bbn. Memoires de la Soci^t^ des Sciences, Arts, Belles-Lettres et Agrioulture 

de la ville de St. Quentin. St. Quentin. 
1831— B.M.; B.S.i. 

Btraeb. J. B. Be Journal de la Soci^ti des Sciences, Agrioulture et Arts, du d^parte- 

ment du Bas-Bhin. Strasbourg. 
1824—28. [Continuation of: Memoires, etc., 1811—23.] B.M.; 

Camb.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 
See Btraab. B. Be. J. 

Ixxviii 



List of Serial Publications 



St. Tltom. Soq^. Xp.. 



S. B. Ht. ... [M^moires de la Soci^t^ des Sciences Natorelles de Strasbourg* 

B. Be Strasbourg. 

Btrmtfb. B. B. Vt. Mm. ... ' 1830—70. B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Geol.S.i.; 

\ N.H.M.; R.S.; S.K.i. 

Btrmifti. B. Be. BU. Bulletin de la Soci^t^ des Sciences Naturelles de Strasbourg. 

Strasbourg. 
1868—70. B.M.; Geol.S.; N.H.M.t. 

BtraMk B.mc9. See Btmmh, J. B. Be. 

•timeli. B. Be. Bbn. M^moires de la Soci^t^ des Sciences, Agriculture et Arts de 

Strasbourg. Strasbourg. 
1811—23. [Continued as: Journal, etc., 1824—28.] Camb.U.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B. 

Bt. Bp. Ac- It. Le Stazioni Sperimentali Agrarie Italiane. Torino, Boma, Firenze, 

Asti, Modena. 
1872— B.M.t.; Chem.S.t.; B.S.t. 
•• St. Thomas's Hospital Beports. London. 

1836; 1870— Camb.U.; Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S.i. ; Glasg.U.t.; 

Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.i.; U.C.L.t. 
The Student and Intellectual Observer of Science, Literature, and 

Art. London. 
1868—71. [CorUimtation of: The Intellectual Observer, 1862—68.] 
B.M.; Camb.U.; Oeol.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.A.S.; S.K. 
.. Annals of Electricity, Magnetism, and Chemistry; and Guardian of 
Experimental Science ; Sturgeon. London. 
1836—43. B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.U.t.; 
I.CE.t.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K. 
... Proceedings and Transactions of the South Wales Institute of 
Engineers. Merthyr Tydfil, Swansea, Cardiff. 
1867— B.M.t.; Camb.U.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.; P.O.; 
S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
,.. The Annual Beport of the Council of the Boyal Institution of South 
Wales, with Appendix of Original Papers on Scientific Subjects. 
Swansea. 
1839— B.M.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; B.S.t. 
Symons*s Monthly Meteorological Magazine. London. 
1866-- Camb.U.; LCE.; M.O.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S. 



\ Z. B. F. 



LSp., 



B. K. Wot. /Monthly Notices of Papers and Proceedings of the Boyal Society 

B.F. of Tasmania. Hobart. 

1863— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edmb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; 

Linn.S.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.Gkeogr.S.t.; 
I B.S.; S.K.t. 
Scientific Memoirs, selected from the Transactions of Foreign 

Academies and Learned Societies and from Foreign Journals; 

Taylor. London. 
1837—^2. B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; 

Glasg.U.; I.CE.; Linn.S.t.; M.O.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.(B.); 

P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

8. J. Journal of the Society of Telegraph Engineers. London. 

1872—89. [Continued as: Journal of the Institution of Electrical 

Engineers, 1890—] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; 

LCE.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

J. The Telegraphic Journal and Electrical B>eview. London. 

1872—91. [Continued as: The Electrical Beview, 1892—] B.M.; 

Edinb.U.i.; Glasg.P.S.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.t.; B.S.; 

S.K. 
Zeitschrift des Deutsch-Oesterreichischen Telegraphen-Vereins. 

Herausg. in dessen Auftrage von der E. Preuss. Telegraphen- 

Direction. Berlin. 
1854-69. LCE.; P.O. 
See BerL TeL Vt. Z. and BerL Z. TeL 
Term6szettudomanyi Kdzldny. Havi foly6irat kdz^rdektf ismeretek 

terjeszt^s^re. ^adja a K. M. Term^szettudom&nyi T&rsulat. 

Budapest. 
1869— B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 

Ixxix 



it.S8sL 



list of Serial Publications 

Terrestrial Magnetism [and Atmospheric Eleotrioitj]. An Inter- 
national Quarterly Journal. Chicago, Cincinnati, Baltimore. 
1896— Camb.U.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 

Transactions of the Texas Academy of Science. Austin. 

1892^ Camb.P.S.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; 

B.Geogr.S.; B.S. 
Annals of Philosophy; or, Magazine of Chemistry, Mineralogy, 

Mechanics, NatunJ History, Agriculture, and the Ajia ; Thomson. 

London. 
1813—26. [Continued in: The Philosophical Magazine, 1827—] 

B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; 

Glasg.U. ; I.CE.t.; Linn.S. ; N.H.M. ; Ozon.B.; Oxon.B.; 

Pharm.S.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

Becords of General Science; B. D. and Thos. Thomson. London. 

1835—36. B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Glasg.P.S.i. ; Glasg.U. ; N.H.M. ; 

Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; U.C.L.i. 
The Philosophical Magazine, comprehending the various branches 

of Science, the Liberal and Fine Arts, Geology, Agriculture, 

Manufactures, and Commerce. London. 
1798—1826. [Continued <u : The Philosophical Magazine, or Annals 

of Chemistry, etc., 1827— ] 6.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem. 

S.i.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.i.; 

I.CE.; Linn.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S. t.; P.O.; 

B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Timehri: the Journal of the Boyal Agricultural and Commercial 

Society of British Guiana. Demerara. 
1882— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Geol.S.t.; I.CE.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.t.; Pharm.S.i.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.i. 
Tlndal Vh. S««w«B«n ... Verhandelingen en Berigten betrekellelijk het Zeewezen en de 

Zeewartkunde ; Tindal en Swart. Amsterdam. 
1862—70. B.M.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.*.; B.S.t. 
TOk. OolL Be J. The Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University, Japan. 

Tokio, Japan. 
1887 — [Continuation of: Memoirs of the Science Department, 

University of Tokio, Japan, 1879—86.] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; 

Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.t.; Geol. 

M.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; 

Math.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; 

S.K.; U.C.L. 

Tok. OL S. OL Ms. The Geological Magazine. Geological Society of TokyS. Tokyd. 

1894 — 98. [Continued as : The Journal of the Geological Society of 

T6ky6, 1898—1 Geol.M.t.; N.H.M. 

T6k.OLS.J. The Journal of the Geological Society of Tokyo. T5kyo. 

1898 — [Continuation of: The Geological Magazine, 1894 — 98.] 

Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M. 
Tok. VB. acm. Memoirs of the Science Department, University of Tokio, Japan. 

Tokio, Japan. 
1877 — 86. [Continued as: The Journal of the College of Science, 

Imperial University, Japan, 1887—] Camb.P.S. ; Camb.U. ; 

Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S. ; Dub.B.I.A. ; Edinb.B.S.i. ; Geol.S.; 

Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 

B.A.S.i.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; S.K.i.; U.C.L.i. 

Memorie della B. Accademia delle Scienze di Torino. Torino. 

1818 — [Continuation of: M^moires de PAcadSmie Boyale des 

Sciences de Turin, 1784—1816.] B.M.i.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; 

Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
See Tor. Ao. So. BUn. and Tor. Km. Ao. 

Atti della B. Accademia delle Scienze di Torino. Torino. 

1866— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.B.I.A.; 

Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

P.O.i.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K; U.C.L.i. 
See Tor. At. Ae. 0o. * 
[In the references to this serial two sets of paging are sometimes 

given; the first refers to the volumes containing the Classe di 

Scienze Fisiche, Mathematiche e Naturali only, the second to the 

Ixxx 



List of Serial Publications 

volumes containing all the sections. When only one paging is 

given, it refers to the fuller series.] 
See Tor. Ao. Km. and Tor. Bbii. Ac. 
See Tor. Ao. So. At. 
Notizia storica dei lavori fatti dalla Glasse di Scienze Fisiche e 

Matematiche della B. Accademia delle Scienze. Torino. 
1864^65. [Continued as: Atti della B. Accademia, etc., 1865—] 

Geol.S.; Linn.S.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
See Tor. Ae. Bbii. and Tor. Ae. 8c. Bbii. 
Annali di Scienze Matematiche e Fisiche ; Tortolini. Boma. 
1860—57. 

Annali di Matematica pura ed applicata. . . ; Tortolini. Boma, Milano. 
1858— B.M. ; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.U. ; 

Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.(B.); B.S.; U.C.L. 
SeeA.mt. 
Bulletin de TAcad^mie des Sciences, Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres de 

Toulouse. Toulouse. 
1898—99. Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; N.H.M.; B.S. 
Memoires de PAcad^mie des Sciences, Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 

de Toulouse. Toulouse. 
1782— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.t. ; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.i.; B.C.Surg.i.; B.S.; S.K.t. 
See Totil. Km. Ac 
Annales de la Faculty des Sciences de Toulouse pour les Sciences 

Math^matiques et les Sciences Physiques. Paris. 
1887— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Math.S.; Oxon.B.; 

B.S.* 

See Tonl. Ac Be 



irt.Bll. Bulletin de la Soci^t^ d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse. Toulouse. 

1867— Geol.S.i.; N.H.M. 
Tools. 0c BU. Bulletin de la Soci^t^ des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles de 

Toulouse. Toulouse. 
1872— B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M. 
Bollettino della SocietiL Adiiatica di Scienze Naturali in Trieste. 

Trieste. 
1875— N.H.M.; B.S. 
9, nun. ... Journal der Pharmacie fiir Aerzte und Apotheker. Leipzig. 

1794—1816. [Continued as : Neues Journal, etc., 1817— 33.] B.M.; 

Dub.T.C.i.; B.C.Surg.; B.S. 
M. J. nun. Neues Journal der Pharmacie fiir Aerzte, Apotheker, und Chemisten ; 

Trommsdorff. Leipzig. 
1817—33. [Cofitinuattojio/; Journal, etc., 1794— 1816.] B.C.Surg.; 

B.S. 
Tidskrift fdr Matematik och Fysik, tillegnad den Svenska Elementar- 

Undervisningen. Upsala. 
1868—74. B.M.; B.S.i. 
Tidsskrift for Mathematik. Kjebenhavn. 
1865—89. [Continuation of: Mathematisk Tidsskrift, 1859—64.] 

[Continued as: Nyt Tidsskrift for Mathematik, 1890—] B.M.; 

Camb.U.; Math.S.i.; Oxon.B.; S.K.t. 
O. Tidsskrift for Physik og Chemi samt disse Videnskabers Avendelse. 

Kjobenhavn. 
1862^94. [Continued as: Nyt Tidsskrift for Fysik og Kemi, 

1896—98.] B.M.; N.H.M. 
Ttibinger Blatter fiir Naturwissenschaften und Arzneikunde. 

Tubingen. 
1815—17. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; U.C.L.t. 
Memoires de 1' Academic Boyale des Sciences de Turin. Turin. 
1784 — 1816. [Continued as: Memorie della B. Accademia delle 

Scienze di Torino, 1818—] B.M.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.; 

Ghisg.U.t.; Linn.S.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

>. Jbb Abhandlungen aus dem dritten Bande der Jahrbiioher des Ungar- 

ischen Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins zu Pest, in Deutscher 
Uebersetzung red. von J. Szab6. Pest. 
1858. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t. 

Ixxxi 



List of Serial Publications 



Vb. 8«nr. X. J. 



VB. 



9 ^ m ••••■••••••■••••■ 



jiptLUUL,r, 



Vps. M. 
Ttpm. 8. 



Aeta 8. 0a 
BaM. Acta 



[V.8.] Olitof Wig. Off. 
»P- 



V. 8. Opast 0«od. 8t. BIL 



V. 8. Opast 8v. Sp. 



v,m.9pu 



v. 8. FUOi Oom. Xp. 



V. 8. OL 8v. BU., 



V. 8. OL 8v. Bp. 



v. 8. my. Vaatli. Bt. ... 



V. 8. 



P. 



V.8. 8«e. 



sf. 



V. 8. 81s. 8W f . Tp.. 



Journal of the Boyal United Service Institution. London. 
1868— B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Dub.N.L.I.t. ; Edinb.U. ; I.CB. ; 
^ Oxon.B.i.; P.O.; R.Oeogr.S.; R.S.; S.K.i.; U.C.L.i. 

Upsala Universitetets Arsskrift. Upsala. 

1861— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.; 

Linn.S.t.; Math.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t.; B.S. 
Upsala Lakareforenings Fdrhandlingar. Upsala. 
1866— B.M.t.; Pharm.S.i.; B.C.Surg.i. 

INova Acta Begifs Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis. Upsalis. 
1773— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 
Linn.S.; Math.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; Oxon.B.; B.A.S.t.; 
B.C.Surg.; B.S.i.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Annual Beport of the Chief Signal Officer [of the Army] to the 

Secretary of War. Washington. 
1871—90. [Continued as: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 

Weather Bureau. Beport of the Chief of the Weather Bureau, 

1891—] Camb.U.i.; Dub.B.I.A. ; Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.t.; 

Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; M.O.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.t.; 

S.K.t. 
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey. Bulletin. Washington. 
1888— B.M.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 

I.CE.t.; Oxon.B.t.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S. 
Beports of the Superintendent of the Coast Survey, showing the 

Progress of the Survey from year to year. Washington. 
1861— Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.; 

M.O.t.; N.H.M.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.t. 
Yearbook of the United States Department of Agriculture. 

Washington. 
1894^ \jContinuation of: Beport of the Commissioner [Secretary] 

of Agriculture, 1862—93.] B.M. ; Camb.P.S.t. ; Camb.U.t. ; 

Chem.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.U.; M.O.t.; Oxon. 

B.t.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.i,; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries. Beport of the 

Commissioner. Washington. 
1873— B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 

Glasg.U.t. ; I.CE.t. ; Linn.S.t. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; Oxon.B. ; 

P.O.t.; B.S.; S.K. 
Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey. Washington. 
1883— Camb.P.S.; Chem.S.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb Jl.S.; 

Edinb.U.t.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
Annual Beport of the United States Geological Survey to the 

Secretary of the Interior. Washington. 

1880— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; 
GeoLM.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; LCE.t.; Linn.S.t.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.; 
U.C.L. 

United States of America: Department of Agriculture. Monthly 
Weather Beview and Annual Summary. Washington, D.C. 

1873— B.M.t.; Edinb.B.S.t.; I.CE.t.; M.O.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.t.; 
B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 

Department of the Interior.... Proceedings of the United States 
National Museum. Washington. 

1879— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.t.; Geol.S.; 
Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 
B.Geogr.S.; B.S.t.; S.K.t.; U.C.L.i. 

Beport of the Secretary of Agriculture. Washington. 

18^ — 93. [Continuation of: Beport of the Commissioner of Agri- 
culture, 1862—88.] [Continued as: Yearbook of the United 
States Department of Agriculture, 1894 — ] B.M.; Camb.P.S.t.; 
Camb.U.t.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.B.I.A.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; 
I.CE.t.; M.O.t.; N.H.M.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.t.; S.K.t.; 
U.C.L.t. 

United States of America: War Department. Professional Papers 
of the Signal Service. Washington. 

1881— B.M.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S. ; Glasg.P.S.t.; M.O. ; 
B.A.S.t.; B.S. 

Ixxxii 



List of Serial Pablications 



V.8. WMitli. Bur. BU. 



V.S. WMitli. Bvr. Bpb 



Vtr. 8olMlk.Om. 



• a^A V* 



U.S. Department of Agrioolture. Weather Bureau. Bolletin. 

Washington. 
1892— Dub.B.I.A.; Edmb.B.S.t.; I.CE.i.; M.O.; Oxon.B.t.; 

P.O.i.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.i. 
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Weather Bureau. Beport of the 

Chief of the Weather Bureau. Washington. 
1891 — [Continuation of: Annual Beport of the Chief Signal 

Officer, 1871—90.] Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.; 

M.O.; Oxon.B.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S. 
Annales Aoademis Bheno-Trajectin». Trajecti ad Bhenum 

(Utrecht). 
1815^87. B.M.; Camb.U.i.; Glasg.U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

Oxon.B.t.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.t.; S.K.t. 
Aanteekeningen van het Verhandelde in de Sectie-Vergaderingen 

van het Provinciaal Utrechtsch Qenootschap van Kunsten en 

Wetenschappen. Utrecht. 
1846— Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.; B.S. 
SeeJJtx, Trr. <ta. Amnt. 
I [Soheikundige] Onderzoekingen, gedaan in het [Physiologisch] 
i Laboratorium der Utreohtsche Hoogeschool. Botterdam, Utrecht. 
U842— 66; 1867— Glasg.P.S.i.; B.S.i. 
See Vtr. Aant. Trr. On. 







(ATiii.) 



Va Mmu Mm S. Vpa 



V( 



{M^moires de la Soci^t^ d'Agriculture, des Sciences et des Arts de 
I'arrondissement de Valenciennes. Valenciennes. 
1833—53. B.M.; Oxon.B.t.; B.S.t. 
8. Ht. Tr. (C. R.t Bl.) Travaux de la Soci^t^ des Naturalistes de Varsovie. Comptes Bendus 

de la Section biologique. [In Bussian.] Varsovie. 
1889— Glasg.P.S.i.; N.H.M. 
0. Wt. Tr. (C. R., Travaux de la Soci^t^ des Naturalistes de Varsovie. Comptes 
Pa, C.) Bendus de la Section de physique etdechimie. Varsovie. [In 

Bussian.] 
1889— Math.S.; N.H.M. 
Travaux de la Soci^t^ des Naturalistes de Varsovie. M^moires. 

[In Bussian.] Varsovie. 
1891—96. Math.S.; N.H.M. 
M^moires de PAcad6mie de Vaucluse. Avignon. 
1882— N.H.M. 
Papers and Proceedings of the Boyal Society of Van Diemen's Land. 

Hobart Town. 
1851—59. B.M.t.; Camb.P.S.t.; Dub.B.D.S.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; 

I.CE.t.; N.H.M.t.; B.A.S.t.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.K. 
Atti delle Adunanze dell' I. B. Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettero 

ed Arti Venezia 
1841— B.M.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; Edinb.B.S.^.; I.CE.t.; 

Linn.S.t.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.S.t. 
See ir«n. X. At. 

Atti dell' Ateneo Veneto. Venezia. 
1864 — 77. [Continuation of: Eseroitazioni Scientifiche e Letterarie 

dell* Ateneo di Venezia, 1837—60.] [Continued om: L' Ateneo 

Veneto, 1878—] Dub.B.D.S.; B.S. 
L' Ateneo Veneto: Bivista mensile di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti. 

Venezia. 
1878— [Continuation of: Atti dell' Ateneo Veneto, 1864—77.] 

Dub.B.D.S.t.; B.S.t. 
Esercitazioni Scientifiche e Letterarie dell' Ateneo di Venezia. 

Venezia 
1837—60. [C(mtinued as: Atti dell' Ateneo Veneto, 1864—77.] 

B.M.t.; Dub.T.C.t.; Oxon.B.t.; B.S.t. 

X.At. 5««V«ii.At. 

Memorie del Beale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettero ed Arti. 

Venezia. 
1843— B.M. ; Camb.U. ; Dub.B.LA.t. ; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.t.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.S.; S.K. 
Memorie dell' Accademia d'Agricoltura, etc., di Verona, Verona. 
1807— B.M.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Oxon.B.t. 

Ixxxiii 



Lt. Aton. 



List of Serial Pablications 



▼MTona Bbn. 8. Xt. 
▼«rona 8. Xt. 



Viet. X. J. 



Viet. B. 8. F. 



V!let.B.S.T. 



Viet. T. Pit. 8. 



Vlet.T.B.8. 



J. 0. 



Voist 



mmmnt, 



VTwOi. Mat. Ae. 



reale Q. pp. 

• * 

r. BBS. J:... 



(Memorie di Matematica e di Fisica della Society Italiana delle 
Scienze. Modena, Verona. 
1782— B.M.t.; Gamb.P.S.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.».; 
Glasg.U.t.; Linn.S.t.; Oxon.B.i.; B.A.S.t.; B.C.Sarg.t.; B.S.; 
S.K.f.; U.C.L.t. 
See BKod. BKm. 8., IBod. 8. Xt. BKm. tmd Bm. 8. Xt. Mm. 
Journal of the Transactions of the Viotoria Institute, or Philosophical 

Society of Great Britain. London. 
1867— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dnb.T.C; Geol.M.i.; Geol.S.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.t.; S.K. 
Proceedings of the Boyal Society of Victoria. Melbourne. 
1889 — [Continuation of: Transactions and Proceedings, etc., 

1861—88.] B.M.; Gamb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; 

Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.C.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S.; 

B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Transactions and Proceedings of the Boyal Society of Victoria. 

Melbourne. 
1861—88. [Divided into: Transactions, 1888~, and Proceedings, 

1889—] B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.; Dub.BJ.A.; 

Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.t.; I.CE.t.; 

Linn.S. ; N.H.M. ; Oxon.B. ; Oxon.B.t. ; P.O. ; B.A.S. ; 

B.C.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 
See Viet. T. B. 8. 

Transactions of the Philosophical Society of Viotoria. Melbourne. 
1855. [Continued as : Transactions of the Philosophical Institute, 

etc., 1855—60.] B.M.; Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 

B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 
See Viet. B. 8. T. 
Archiv fiir Pathologisohe Anatomic und Physiologie and ffir 

Klinische Medicin; Virchow und Beinhardt.. Berlin. 
1847— B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.i.; 

Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Suig.; B.S.; U.C.L. 
Journal de Chimie, pour servir de complement anx Annales de 

Chimie et autres ouvrages p^odiques fran9ais de cette science ; 

Van Mons. Bruxelles. 
1792—1804. Glasg.P.S.i.; B.S.t. . . 

Van Nostrand's Engineering Magazine. New York. 
1869 — 85. [Continued cu: The Bailroad and Engineering Journal, 

1887—92.] B.M.; I.CE.i.; P.O.; B.S.i. 
Magazin fiir den neuesten Zustand der Naturkunden, mit Biicksicht 

auf die dazu gehorigen Hiilfswissenschaften ; Voigt. Jena, 

Weimar. 
1797—1806. B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

The Electrical Magazine ; Walker. London, Paris. 

1845—46. B.M.; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.i.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; 

B.S. 
Astronomical Papers prepared for the use of the American Ephemeris 

and Nautical Almanac. Washington. 
1882— B.M.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.P.S.i.; Glasg.U.i.; 

Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; B.S. 
Publications of the Washburn Observatory of the University of 

Wisconsin. Madison, 
1882— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.; Glasg.U.t.; 

B.A.S.; B.S. 
Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences. Washington. 
1866— B.M.i.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.i.; Dub.B.I.A.; Edinb.B.S.; 

Glasg.U.i.; Math.S.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.i.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; 

S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington. . . Washington. 
1874— 6.M.; Camb.P.S.; Edinb.B.S.; GeQLS.;Glasg.U.i.; Linn.S.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.A.S.; B.S.; S.K.i. 
Quarterly Papers on Engineering ; Weale. London. 
1843—49. B.M.; I.CE.; Oxon.B.; P.O. . 
The West of England Journal of Science and Literature. Bristol. 

Luxiv 



List of Serial Publications 

1885^36. B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.B.S.; I.CE.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

P.O.; S.K. 
Jahres-Bericht des Westfalischen Provinzialvereins fur Wissenschaft 

und Kunst. Miinster. 
1873— N.H.M. 
IVtet. 0«. A. Annalen der Wetterauischen Gesellschaft ftir die gesammte Nator- 

kunde. Hanau, Frankfurt-am-Main. 
1809—12. [Continued as: Neue Annalen, etc., 1819.] B.M.; 

Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.C.Surg.; R.S. 
ll7«t.Oa. Jtar. Bericht der Wetterauischen Gesellschaft ftlr die gesammte Natur- 

kunde zu Hanau. Hanau. 
1843— Dub.B.I.A.t.; Geol.S.t.; B.S.t. 
See ll7«t. Os. Ut, B. 
IVct. Oa. M. A. Neue Annalen der Wetterauischen Qesellschaft fiir die gesammte 

Naturkunde. Hanau, Frankfurt-am-Main. 
1819. [Continuation of: Annalen, etc., 1809—12.] B.M.; Gamb.XJ.; 

Glasg.P.S.f.; N.H.M.; B.C.Surg.; B.S. 

"Vr^t. Cta. Wt. B. See 'Wmt, am. Jbr, 

Das Wetter. Meteorologische Monatsschrift fiir Gebildete aller 

Stande. Magdeburg, Braunschweig, Berlin. 
1885— B.M.; M.O. 
Wiadomo^i Matematyczne. Warsaw. 
1897— Camb.P.S.; Math.S. 
D Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 

Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. Wien. 

1850— B.M.; Camb.P.S.i. ; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Edinb.B.S.; Edinb.U.; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.t.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.fR); P.O.*.; B.A.S.; B.C.Surg.i.; 
B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 

See WlMi ]>. 

8b. Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe 

der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Wien. 
1848— B.M.; Camb.P.S.*.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.i.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.t.; Geol.S.; Glasg.U.; I.CE.t.; Linn.S.; 
N.H.M. ; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.i. ; P.O.i. ; B.A.S.t. ; 
B.C.Surg.t.; B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.i. 
See Wien 8B. 

Almanach der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Wien. 

ia51— B.M.; Camb.P.S.i.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.LA.i.; Edinb.B.S.i.; 
Glasg.U.i.; Oxon.B.; P.O.i.; B.A.S.i.; B.S.i.; S.K.i.; U.C.L.i. 

Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften: Math.- 

Naturwiss. Classe. Wien. 
1864 — Camb.U.; Geol.S.i.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Pharm. 
S.i.; B.S.i. 

Jb. Berg- und Hiittenmannisches Jahrbuch der k. k. Schemnitzer- 

Bergakademie und der k. k. Montan-Lehranstalten zu Leoben 
und Pribram. Wien. 

1851— B.M.i.; Geol.S.i.; LCE.i.; P.O.i.; S.K. 
See Bers-Bm. Jb., Jb Bars -Bin., and Zi«ob«i B«rff-Bin. Jb. 

B See 'Wleniik.B. 

[t. Mittheilungen der k. k. Geographischen Gesellschaft. Wien. 

1857— B.M. ; Dub.B.LA.i.; Dub.T.C.i. ; M.O.i.; N.H.M.; 

Oxon.B.; B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K.i. 
See mrien Mt. Off. Cta. 



Wl«n OL Jb. 
Wl«n Jb. OL 



Jahrbuch der k.k. Geologischen Beichsanstalt. Wien. 
1850— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.I.A.; Dub.T.C; Edinb.B.S.; 
Geol.M.; Geol.S.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; 
B.Geogr.S.i.; B.S.; U.C.L.i. 

^inai Jb. FoL X. Jahrbuch des k. k. Polytechnischen Instituts in Wien ; Prechtl. Wien. 

1819—39. B.M.; Camb.U.; Oxon.B.; P.O. 
"WlMi Jbr. ObT-Bilieb. Jahresbericht der dfFentlichen Ober-Bealschule in der innere Stadt. 

Xna. Btadt. Wien. 

1859—63. 

Md. Wselir. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift. Wien. 

1861— B.M.; Camb.U.i.; B.C.Surg.i. 

Wimt, Z. Zeitschrift der Oesterreichischen Gesellschaft fiir Meteorologie. 

Wien. 

VOL. III. IXXXV / 



List of Serial Publications 

1866—85. [Continued in: Meteorologisohe Zeitsohrift, 1886—] 
Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.; Edinb.R.S.; M.O.; P.O.; R.Geogr.S.; R.S. 
See Wton Z. X«t. 

*W!ten act. Off. Os. Se« Wian Off. Ofl. ait. 

^rton Fl&t. Oor. Photographische Correspondenz . Organ der Photograph. Gesellsch . 

in Wien. Wien. 

1865— P.O. 

^SS: •.:•.::::::::::::::: I «-»»«*».«. 

iSchriften des Yereina zor Yerbreitong Naturwissenschaftlioher 
Eenntnisse in Wien. Wien. 
1860— B.M.t.; Camb.U.t.; N.H.M.t.; P.O.; R.S.i. 
ZeitBchrift der E. K. Gesellschaft der Aerzte zu Wien. Wien. 
1844—60. [Continued as: Medizinische Jahrbdcher, 1861—] 
Glasg.P.S.i.; R.C.Sorg. 

Wi«nS.MM. See'WiMimUt Z. 

Wild Bpm. aset. Repertorium fur Meteorologie, herausg. von der kaiserlichen Akad. 

der Wissenschaf ten; Wild. St. Petersbarg. 
1870—94. B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Edinb.R.S.; Glaag.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.i.; 
I.CE.i.; M.O.; R.S. 

Act Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and 

Letters. Madison. 
1872— B.M. ; Camb.P.S.; Dub.R.I.A.; Edinb.R.S.; G«ol.S.i.; 
N.H.M.; Oxon.R.t.; P.O.t.; R.S.; S.K.t.; U.C.Ii.*. 

Vn. BIL (£>c.) Bulletin of the University of Wisconsin. Science Series. Madison. 

1894— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.I.A.; Edinb.R.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 
P.O. 
. T Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club. Hereford. 

1866— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.T.C.i.; Geol.M.t.; Geol.S.i.; Linn. 
S.t.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; U.C.L.t. 

Woolw. F. Minutes of Proceedings of the Royal Artillery Institution. Woolwich. 

1858— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; I.CE.; P.O.; R.Geogr.S.t. 

Wtbrfbi Jh. Jahreshefte des Yereins fur vaterlandische Naturkunde in Wiirttem- 

berg. Stuttgart. 
1845— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.t. ; Dub.T.C.t.; Geol.S.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; R.S.; S.E. 

WUrsb. Bt. I. Aril. Arbeiten des Botanischen Instituts in Wurzburg. Leipzig. 

1871—88. B.M. ; Camb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M. ; 
Oxon.R.; R.C.Surg.; R.S. 
Wtlrsb. Jb. Vhm aKd. Cta. Jahrbiicher der Philoeophisch-Medicinischen Gesellschaft zu Wiirz- 

burg. Wurzburg. 
1828. Dub.R.I.A.; R.S.; U.C.L. 

Wiirzburger Naturwissenschaftliche Zeitschrift; herausgegeben von 

der Physikalisch-Medicinischen Gesellschaft. Wiirzburg. 
1860 — 67. [Continuation of: Yerhandlungen der Physikalisch- 
Medicinischen Gesellschaft, 1850 — 60.] Camb.U.; Geol.S.i.; 
Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; S.E. 

811. Sitzungsberichte der Physikalisch-Medicinischen Gesellschaft zu 

Wurzburg. Wiirzburg. 
1859—62; 1881— Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.R.I.A.; 
Linn. S.t.; Oxon.R.t.; R.C.Surg.t.; R.S. 
WUrslk Pb. aid. JTh. / Yerhandlungen der Physikalisch-Medicinischen Gesellschaft. Wurz- 
burg. 
1850—60. 1868 — [Continued a« : Wiirzburger Medicinische Zeit- 
schrift, and Wiirzburger Naturwissenschaftliche Zeitschrift, 
1860—67.] B.M.i.; Camb.P.S.i.; Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.i.; Dub. 
R.LA.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.E.t.; 
U.C.L.i. 
Proceedings of the Geological and Polytechnic Society of the West 

Riding of Yorkshire. Leeds. 
1839— B.M.t.; Camb.U.t.; Dub.R.D.S.; Edinb.R.S.i.; Geol.M.; 

Geol.S.i.; N.H.M.i.; Oxon.R.; P.O.i.; R.S.i.; U.C.L.i. 
See Totkm. OL 8. F. 

Tin Xiloar auuminash ... Yn Lioar Manninagh. The Journal of the Isle of Man Natural 

History and Antiquarian Society. Douglas. 
1894— Geol.M.; Geol.S.i.; N.H.M. 

Ixxxvi 



mr. Toi^s. OL 8. F. 
mr. Toxlu. F. OL 8. 



List of Serial Publications 

Yoi4uuOL B.F. See "W, Taa^km. Ql, S. P. 



I* 



Correspondanoe Astronomique, C^^ographique, Hydrographiqne et 

Statistique; von Zaoh. Gdnes. 
1818—26. B.M.; R.A.S.; R.S. 
.. Monatliche Correspondenz zur Befdrdening der Erd- and Himmels- 

Kunde; von Zaoh. Qotha. 
1800—13. Oxon.B.; B.A.S.; R.S.; U.C.L. 
Zeitsohrift fiir allgemeine Erdkunde. Berlin. 
1853—65. [Continued om : Zeitsohrift der Gesellschaft fiir Erdkunde 

zu Berlin, 1866—] B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.R.D.S.; Dub.R.I.A.; 

Dub.T.C; Geol.S.t.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.i.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 

B.Geogr.S.; B.S.; S.K. 

Aii8«w. C. Zeitsohrift ftir Angewandte Ghemie. Berlin . 

1888 — [Continuation of: Zeitsohrift ftir die Chemisohe Industrie, 

1887.] B.M. ; Chem.S. ; Edinb.U. ; Glasg.P.S. ; Glasg.U. ; 

Oxon.B.t. ; P.O. 

Aii8«w. Mkr. Zeitsohrift fiir Angewandte Mikroskopie. Berlin, Leipzig, Weimar. 

1896— Glasg.P.S.t.; N.H.M.; P.O. 

Anorff. C Zeitsohrift fiir Anorganisohe Chemie. Hamburg, Leipzig. 

1892- Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.R.C.S.; Edinb.U.; 

Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; Pharm.S.; P.O.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
.. Annali di Fisioa; Zantedeschi. Padova. 

1849—50. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t.; R.S. 
.. Zoologisoher Anzeiger; Cams. Leipzig. 

1878— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.R.S.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 

Glasg.U.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.R.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.K.; 

U.C.L.t. 
Zeitsohrift fiir Bauwesen; herausg. unter Mitwirkung der konigl. 

teohnisohen Bau-Deputation and des Architeoten-Vereins zu 

Berlin. Berlin. 
1851— B.M.; Camb.U.t.; I.CE.; P.O.; S.K.t. 
Zeitsohrift fiir das Berg-, Hutten-, und Salinenwesen in dem 

Preussischen Staate. Berlin. 
1854— B.M.; LCE.; P.O.; S.K. 
,.. Zeitsohrift fiir Biologie. Miinchen. 

1865— B.M. ; Camb.U.t.; Chem.S.t. ; Edinb.U. t. ; Glasg.U.t. ; 

Oxon.R.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; U.C.L. 

C Zeitsohrift fiir Chemie. Leipzig. 

1865 — 71. [Continuation of: Zeitsohrift fiir Chemie and Pharmaoie, 

1860—64.] B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.R.D.TS.; Glasg.P.S.t.; 

N.H.M.; Oxon.R.t.; P.O.; R.S.t.; S.K. 

O. In. Zeitsohrift fiir die Chemisohe Industrie. Berlin. 

1887. [Continuation of: Repertorium der Analytisohen Chemie, 

1881 — 87.] [Continued as: Zeitsohrift fiir Angewandte Chemie, 

1888—] B.M.; Chem.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; P.O. 
,.. Nieuwe Verhandelingen van het Zeeuwsoh Genootsohap der Weten- 

sohappen. Middelburg. 
1807—35. B.M.; Camb.U.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; R.S. 
Zeitsohrift ftir Elektrochemie. Halle a. S. 
1895 — [Continuation of: Zeitsohrift fiir Elektroteohnik und Elek- 

troohemie, 1894 — 95.] Camb.P.S.t.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Glasg. 

P.S.t.; Glasg.U.t.; Oxon.R.t.; P.O.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
,.. Zeitsohrift fiir Elektroteohnik und Elektroohemie. Halle a. S. 
1894 — 95. [Continued as: Zeitsohrift fiir 'Elektrochemie, 1895—] 

Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; P.O.; S.K.; U.C.L. 
.. Zeitsohrift fiir Ethnologie. Berlin. 

1869— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.; Dub.R.D.S.; Dub.R.I.A.; 

Edinb.U.; N.H.M.t.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.R.; R.C.Surg.; U.C.L. 
,.. Zeitsohrift fiir Hygiene [und Infeotionskrankheiten]. Leipzig. 

1886— B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.i.; I.CE.t.; 

Oxon.R.; P.O.t.; R.C.Surg.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
Zeitsohrift fiir Instrumentenkunde. Organ fur Mittheilungen 

aus dem gesanmiten Gebiete der wissenschaftlichen Teohnik. 

Berlin. 
1881— B.M.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Edinb.U.; Oxon.R.; P.O.; 

R.A.S.; R.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

Ixxxvii /2 



List of Serial Pablications 

ilYm. Ziva : dSasopis prirodnioky. Praze (Prag). 

1863—68. B.M.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M. 

X. Br. Zeitschrift fiir Krystallographie und Mineralogie. Leipzig. 

1877— B.M.; Camb.U. ; Chem.S. ; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Edinb.B.S. ; 
Edinb.U.t.; Geol.M.; Geol.S.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; P.O.; B.S.; 
S.K. 

Zeitschrift fiir Mathematik und Physik; Sohldmilch. Leipzig. 

1866— B.M.; Camb.U.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.t.; 
Dub.T.G.i.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.t.; Math.S.t.; Oxon.B.(B.); B.S.; 
S.K.; U.C.L.t. 
See Bchlftmllcli Z. 

Zeitschrift fiir die gesammten Naturwissenschaften; herausgegeben 

Yon dem Naturwissenschaftliohen Vereine fur Sachsen und 
Thiiringen in Halle; Giebel. Berlin. 
1863 — [ Continuation of: Jahresbericht des Naturwissenschaf tlichen 
Vereins, 1848—62.] B.M.; Gamb.U.t.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Dub.B.D. 
S.t.; Dub.B.LA.t.; Dub.T.G.i.; Edinb.B.S.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; B.S.; S.E. 
SeeMaUli SS. 

Z. Obrli. Zeitschrift fiir Ohrenheilkunde. Wiesbaden . 

1879 — [Continuation of: Archiv fiir Augen- und Ohrenheilkunde, 
1869—78.] B.M.; Camb.U.; B.C.Surg.t. 

Z. PL C Zeitschrift fUr Physiologische Ghemie. Strassburg. 

1877— Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; 
Oxon.B.; Pharm.S.; P.O.t.; B.C.Surg.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Z. Ps. O Zeitschrift fiir Physikalische Ghemie, Stdchiometrie und Yer- 

WEkndtschaftlehre. Leipzig. 
1887— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Chem.S.; Dub.N.L.I.t.; 
Dub.B.C.S.t.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.t.; P.O.t.; 
B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L. 

Z.PsyeliOL Zeitschrift fiir Psychologie und Physiologie der Sinnesorgane. 

Hamburg, Leipzig. 
1890— B.M.; Camb.U.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.U.; Oxon.B.; Oxon.B.; 
B.C.Surg.; B.S.; U.C.L. 

Ziir. BKaelir. Monatsschrif t des Wissenschaf tlichen Vereins in Ziirich ; Hitzig, etc. 

Ziirich. 
1866—69. B.M.; Camb.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.S. 

Zlkr. IKt. Mittheilungen der Naturf orschenden Gesellschaf t in Ziirich . Ziirich . 

1847—66. Chem.S.t.;Dub.B.LA.; Edinb.B.S.t.; Linn.S.; N.H.M.; 
B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.t.; B.S.; S.E. 

Ztbr. H. D. Bell. as. Neue Denkschriften der allgemeinen Schweizerischen G^sellschaft 

fiir die gesammten Naturwissenschaften. Neuch&tel, Zurich, etc. 
1837— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Camb.U.; Dub.B.D.S.t.; Dub.B.LA.t.; 
Edinb.B.S.; Geol.S.t.; Linn.S.t.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; B.C.Surg.t.; 
B.S.; S.K. 
See Bell. Os. IT. D. 

Z^. HfL Oa. njbL An die Ziircherische Jugend. . .von der Naturforschenden Gesellsohaft. 

Ziirich. 
1799 — 1870. [Continued as : Neujahrsblatt herausgegeben von der 
Naturforschenden Gesellsohaft in Ziirich, 1871 — ] Camb.P.S.; 
Gamb.U.t.; N.H.M.; B.S. 

Ziir. Fa. Os. Jlnr. Jahresbericht der Physikalisohen Gesellsohaft in Ziirich. Uster- 

Ziirich. 
1887— B.S. 

Ziir. Ifjaehr. Vierteljahrsschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellsohaft in Ziirich. 

Ziirich. 
1866— B.M.; Camb.P.S.; Gamb.U.t.; Chem.S.t.; Dub.B.I.A.; 
Edinb.B.S.; Linn.S.t.; Math.S.t.; N.H.M.; B.A.S.; B.Geogr.S.t.; 
B.S.; S.K. 

Z. mr. D. ZnoklB. Zeitschrift des Vereins der Deutschen Zucker-Industrie. Berlin. 

1898 — [Continuation of: Zeitschrift des Vereins fiir die Btiben- 
zucker-Industrie, 1861?— 97.] Chem.S.; Glasg.P.S.t.; P.O. 

Zeitschrift des Vereins fiir die Biibenzucker-Industrie des Deutschen 

Beichs. Berlin. 
1861? — 97. [Continued as: Zeitschrift des Vereins der Deutschen 
Zucker-Industrie, 1898—] Chem.S.t.; P.O.t. 

Ixxxviii 



List of Serial Publications 

Zwiek. Vie. Wt. Jbr. Jahresbericht des Vereins fiir Naturkunde zu Zwickau. Zwickau. 

1874—^ N.H.M.; B.S.t. 

Zwoll« ▼oomltsans De Vooruitgang ; Tijdschrift voor Wetenschap, etc. ZwoUe. 

1851-^3. B.M.; Glasg.P.S.t. 

Zeitschrift fiir Wissenschaftliche Mikroskopie und fiir Mikro- 

skopisohe Teohnik. Braunschweig, Leipzig. 
1884— B.M.; Edinb.U.; Glasg.P.S.t.; Glasg.U.; N.H.M.; Oxon.B.; 
P.O.; B.C.Surg.; B.S.; S.K.; U.C.L.t. 

Zeitschrift fiir Zuckerindustrie. Prag. 

1872—74. Chem.S.; P.O. 

Zeitschrift fiir Zuckerindustrie in Bdhmen. Prag. 

1876— Chem.S.; P.O.t. 



Ixxxix 



PHYSICS 
SCHEDULE OF CLASSIFICATION 

ADAPTED FROM SCHEDULE OF THE INTERNATIONAL 
CATALOGUE OF SCIENTIFIC LITERATURR 



0000 
0010 



0020 



0030 



0032 
0040 



0050 

0050 

0062 
0070 
0090 



PAGE 

Philosophy 1-4 

History. Biography 4-28 

Historjr 4-13 

Divining Rod 5 

Biosraphy ... ... 13-28 

Periodicals, Reports of Institu- 
tions, Societies, Congresses, 

6 uC •«. ... ... ... Tu\3 

General Treatises, Text Books, 
Dictionaries,CoUected Works, 

Tables 29-30 

Tables 30 

Bibliographies 30 

Addresses, Lectures, etc. of a 
general character ... 30-33 
British Association Ad- 
dresses 31 

Pedagogy. Lecture Apparatus 

and Experiments ... 33-35 
Institutions, Museums, Col- 
lections 35-36 

Economics 36-37 

Nomenclature 37 

Methods of Research, Instru- 
ments and Apparatus 38-^9 



PAGE 



GENERAL MOLEOULAB PHYSIOS. 

0100 General 39-40 

0150 Estimates and Calculations of 

Molecular Magnitudes 40-41 

0200 The Molecular Theory of Gases 
and Liquids (General Mathe- 
matical Theories) ... 41-51 
Kinetic Theory of Oases 43-45 
Partition of Energy 46-47 
Radiometer ... 48-49 

Virial 50-51 

0250 Absorption and Adsorption of 
Gasea {For Moser's Images, 
Thermography, see 4225.) 51-52 
0300 Capillarity. (iSeeo^ Chemistry 
7165. For Spheroidal State 
see 1840.) 52-66 



Brownian Movement 


or 


Fedesis 


53-54 


Bubbles 


... 54 


CapiUary Constants 
Cohesion 


... 55 
56-57 


Drops 


57-58 



Heat developed on Moisten- 
ing Solids, Fouillefsp)ie- 
nomenon,^, ... ... 58 

Liquid Films 59 

Liquids Free from 
Action of Gravity ... 59 
Motion of Solids and 

Liquids on Liquids 60-61 

Camphor on Water 60-61 

Surface Tension ... 62-64 

Theory cf CapillaHty 64-65 

0310 Osmosis. Osmotic Pressure. 

{See also Chemistry 7155.) 66-68 

Dialysis 66 

Endosmosis and Exosmosis,,. 66 
Osmotic Pressure ... 67-68 

0320 DifiPusion of Gases, Liquids, and 
Solids. Efiiision. Tran- 
spiration. {See also Chem- 
istry 7155.) ... 68-72 

Diffusion 68-69 

Diffusion of Gases ... 69-70 

Diffusion of Liquids 70-72 

Diffusion of Solids ... 72 

Effusion 72 

Transpiration 72 

Oases 72 

Liquids 72 

0325 Viscosity of Fluids (Internal 
Friction). {See also Chem- 
istry 7170.) 73-75 

Measurement of Viscosity 73 

Viscosimsters 73 

Viscosity of Oases. . . 73-74 

Viscosity of Specified 

Oases 74 

Viscosity of Liquids 74-75 

Viscosity of Specified 
Liquids 75 



xc 



Schedule of ClaBsification 



PAOB 

0340 Colloidal Substances ... 76 

0400 Molecular Theories of Crys- 
- tald aud other Solids. {See 
also Elasticity, Mechanics 
3210 and Mineralogy 140.) 76-79 

Ultiiiiate Physical Theories. 

0500 Theories of the Constitution 
of Matter. (See Vortex- 
Motion, Mechanics 2450, 
and Physical Chemistry, 

Chemistry 7000.) 79-82 

Action cU a Distance ... 79 

Atoms 79-80 

Matter 80-81 

Vortex Theories ... 81-82 

0600 Theories of the Ether. (See 

also Astronomy 1830.) 82-84 

The Ether 82-84 

0700 Dynamical Theories of Gravi- 
tation. (See also Astro- 
nomy 1050.) 84-86 

Gravitation 85-86 

Measurement of DTuamical and Me- 
chanical Quantities. Elasticity. 

0800 General 86 

0605 Theory of Measurement (com- 
hination of observa- 
tions). Harmonic Ana- 
lysis. Units and Dimen- 
sions. Standards of 

Measurement 86-94 

For Theory of Measurement 
(Combination of obser- 
vations) ue Mathe- 
matics 1630 

Harmonic Analysis ... 86-87 
Units and Dimensions ... 87-88 
Standards of Measurement 88-94 

Length 89-92 

M^re 90-91 

Mass 92-93 

Volume 93 

Weights and Measures,., 93-94 
0607 Measurements of Ciu^atures, 
Lengths (Mechanical 
and Optical), Areas, 
Volumes, Angles ... 94-100 

Curvatures 94 

Lengths 94-98 

Areas [and cross sections\ 
(See also Mathematics 
0080, Instruments.) 98-99 

Volumes 99 

Angles 99-100 

0609 Measurement of Time (me- 
chanical and electrical) ; 
Chronometers. {See also 
Astronomy 2100.) 100-109 



PAOB 

Chronographs. (See also 

Mechanics 1650.) 101 

Chronometers ... 101-103 

Chronoscopes ... 103-104 

aocks ... ... 104-107 

Compensation Pendu- 
lum 104-105 

Electric Clocks ... 105 
0610 Measurement of Mass and 
Density. Balance. (See 
also Chemistry 7115.) 109-119 

Mass 109-110 

Density 110-117 

Defisittf of Ocues ... 110 

Density of Liquids 111-113 

Hydrometers... 111-113 

Density of Solids 1 14-115 

Density of Solids and 

Liquids 115 

Vapour Densities 1 15-1 1 7 

Balance 117-119 

0620 Measurement of Velocity, 
Acceleration, Energy of 
Visible Motion ... 119-122 
Measurement of Velocity 119-121 
Rotation Velocity ... 120 
Ship^ Velocity... 120-121 
Measurement of Accelera- 
tion 121-122 

Measurement of Energy of 

Visible Motion 122 

0825 Measurement of Force ; Pen- 
dulum, Spring-balance, 
Torsion- balance. (See also 
Astronomy 5100, G^logy 

07.) 122-129 

Dynamometers ... 122-123 

Seismic Apparatus 124-128 

Microseismometry ... 125 
Pendulums ... 125-126 

Seismographs 126-127 

Seismometers.,, ... 127 

Seismoscopes 128 

0635 Measurement of Fluid Pres- 
sure and Fluid Velocity. 
(See also Mechanics 2830 
and Meteorology 0310, 
0312, 0314) ... 129-133 

Manometers. (See also 

1450.) ... 129-130 

Pressure ... 131-132 

Velocity ... 132-133 

0840 Elastic Deformation of Solids. 
Compressibility and Ri^d- 
itv. Elongation, Torsion, 
Flexure, Young's Modu- 
lus. (See Mechanics 3200 

to 3280.) 133-142 

Experimental determin- 
ation of elastic con- 
stants. (See also 



xci 



Schedule of CUuBifioation 



Mechanics 3600, 3 
3660.) 



an 


^ 


1210 


PreaMire 


Cmrfiing.) ... 


134 




154- 


OIOM 

lea 


134-136 

136 

135-136 


1230 


164- 
157- 


Iron and Steal ... 






MecUo/Ttmperal 


irt 136 
136-136 




tart 1 


Sled '.'.'. '.'.'. 


136 






MeUdt. {5«0 alto Iron 




1 


and Steel.) ... 


137-138 
137 


1240 






Tkrtadt ana J"il)rei . . . 
Tortion. (Su aUo Mo- 
chaoica 



144-146 
Density. (See alao Chem- 
istry 7116.) ... 144-146 
For ravitation lee MechaD ica 
0180. 

HEAT. 
0000 General 146 

Sources of Heat and Cold. 

1000 General 147 

Seat developed on mout- 
ening tolidi, PouHlefi 



1010 
1012 



High 



Thennomatrir. 

1200 General 152-164 

Mtatwemmt of Temptra- 



12SS Radiation 

Optical 

Opticf 

1260 Gompariso 



Scales. Keduction to Tber- 



2400, etc.) ... 162-164 

Comparison of Tfaermo- 
metcra 16S-163 

Belstions Involvliig Expansion and 



Specific Solid* ... 
1420 Permanent Deformation and 
Thermal Hysteresis. 
Annealing ,„ 168-170 

Recaletoeiice 169 

RuperetDmn 169 

1430 Expansion of Liquids: Pres- 
sure - Volume - Tempera- 
ture Relations ... 170-174 
170-172 
171 
171-172 

Liquid*, Tfmptratura 173 



Schednle of Classification 



PAOB 

1450 Ezpansiou of Gases and 
Unsaturated Vapours : 
Pressure - Volume - Tem- 
perature Relations. (See 
aUo Chemistry 7160.) 174-180 
Boyle^s (or Mariotte's) Law 174-176 
Change of TempercUure 
aeoompanying Change of 

Volume 176 

Characteristic Equation 176-176 
Compreseibility of Oases ... 176 

Specified QoMs 176 

Expansion of Gases 177-178 

Specified Oases 178 

Manometers, (See also 
0836.) 179 

Oalorimetry and Specific Heat. 

1600 General Units of Heat 180-181 

Units of Heat ... 180-181 

1610 Calorimetric Methods 181-182 

CcUorimeters ... 181-182 

1620 Specific Heats of Solids and 

Liquids. (See also 

Chemistry 7220.) 182-186 

Mecuurement 182 

Specific Heats of Liquids 183-184 

Specified Liquids 183-184 

Specific Heats of Solids 184-186 

Specified Solids... 184-186 

1640 Specinc Heats of Gases and 

Vapours. (See also 

Chemistry 7220.) 186-187 

Ratio of Specific ff eats ... 186 

Mecuurement % 186 

Specific Heats of Gases 186-187 

Specified Oases 187 

Specific Heats of Vapours 187 
Specified Vapours ... 187 
1660 Chemical Constitution and 
Specific Heat (Dulong 
and Petit Law, etc.). 
(See also Chemistry 

7220.) 187-188 

Atomic ffeat ... 187-188 

Dulong and Petit law ... 188 

1670 Heats of Fusion ... 188-189 

Specified Substances 188-189 

1680 Heats of Vaporisation 1 89-1 90 

Specified Substances 189-190 

1690 Heats of Dissolution. (See 

also Chemistry 7230.) 190 

1695 Heats of Transformation ... 190 

Recalescence 190 

Phenomena of Ohange of State. 

1800 General 190-191 

Heat developed on moisten- 
ing solidsy Pouillefs Phe- 
nomenon 191 



PAOB 

1810 Fusion and Solidification 
(General). (See also 
Chemistry 7206.) 191-196 

Freezing 192 

Freezing Point 192 

Ice 193-194 

Melting Points ... 194-196 

Volume change on Fusion 

or Solidification 195-196 

Specified Substances 196-196 
1840 Saturated Vapours. Pres- 
sure ; Boiling - Points. 
Evaporation. (See also 
Chemistry 7210; Meteor- 
ology 1060.) ... 196-206 

Boiling- Points 196 

Evaporation ... 197-199 

Measurement 198 

Pressure ... ... 200-201 

Measurement 200 

Specified Vapours ... 201 
Water Vapour ... 201 

Pressure Temperature Re- 
lation for Saturated 
Vapours ... 201-202 

Water Vapour ... 202 

Spheroidal State ... 202-203 

Steam ... ... ... 204 

Vapours 204-206 

1850 Vapour Densities. (See also 
0810 and Chemistry 

7116.) 206-206 

Measurement 206 

Specified Substances ... 206 

1860 EbuUition 206-207 

Steam ... ... ... 207 

1870 Liquefaction of Gases and 

Gaseous Mixtures 207-209 

Specified Oases 209 

1880 Continuity of State. Critical 
State, Critical Point, etc. 
Characteristic Equa- 
tions. (See also Chem- 
istry 7000, 7212.) 209-213 
Characteristic Equations 209-210 
Continuity of State ... 210 

Critical constants 210 

Critical Point * ... 210-211 

Critical State 211 

Critical Temperatures 211-212 
1885 Corresponding States ... 213 
Law of Corresponding 

States 213 

1887 Eouilibrium in Coexistent 
Phases. Phase Rule (Gene- 
ral). 213-214 

1890 Hygroscopy and H vgrometry. 
(See also Meteorology 
0270, 1000-1060.) 214-217 

Hygrometry ... 214-216 

Hygrometers ... 21 6-2 1 6 



xciu 



Schedule of Classification 



PAGE 

1900 Vaporisation of Solids. Sub- 
limation 217 

1920 Solutions and Liquid Mix- 
tures : Melting-Point, 
Boiling- Point, Vapour 
Pressure, etc. ... 217-220 

Freezing Paint of Solutions 

and Liqydd Mixtures 217-219 

Determination 218 

Specified Substances 218-219 
Vapour Pressure of Liquid 

Mixtures 219 

Vapour Pressure of Solu- 
tions 219-220 

1925 Solutions: Other Thermal 
Properties (Latent Heat). 

(See 1690.) 220 

1930 Dissociation. Allotropic 

Transformations ... 220 

1940 Retardation Phenomena 
(Superfusion, Super- 
heating, Supersatura- 

tion) 221-223 

Superfusion 221 

Specified Substances ... 221 

Superheating 221 

Supersaturation ... 221-223 

Supersaturated Solu- 
tions ... 221-223 
Specified Substances 222-223 

Thermal Oondnction and Convection. 

2000 General. {See also Chem- 
istry 7240.) ... 223-224 

Conduction 223 

2010 Mathematical Analysis and 

Anplications (Fourier). 224-2^6 
Isothermal Surf aces ... 225 
Solutions for Special 

Figures 226 

2020 Solids, Conductance of 226-230 

Supposed Production of 

neat in Solid Bodies by 

Sudden Cooling ... 227 

Specific Solids ... 227-230 

2030 Liquids, Conductance of 230-231 

Conduction in Liquids 230-231 

Specified Liquids ... 231 

2035 Oases, Conductance of ... 231 

Conduction in Oases ... 231 

Specified Oases 231 

2040 Conved^ion. Laws of Cool- 
ing. (See 4210.) 232-234 
Convection ... 232-233 

Dust Figures 232 

Cooling ' 233-234 

Thermodynamics. 

2400 General (Virial «0e 0200.) 234-238 
Heat, Nature of ,„ 235-237 

Mechanical or Dynam- 
ical Theory ... 235-236 



2405 



PAGE 



2410 



2415 



2425 
2435 
2445 
2455 
2457 



2465 

2472 
2475 
2490 



2495 



2990 



3000 
3010 



The First Law. Conserva- 
tion of Energy. Different 
Forms of Eneigy 238-239 

Conservation of Energy 238 

Mechanical Equivalent of 

Heat 239-242 

Determination of Mechan- 
ical Equivalent . . . 240-241 
The Second Law. Camot 
Cycles. Entropy and 
Available Energy. Irre- 
versible Phenomena. 
Free Energy and Ther- 
modynamic Potentials 242-246 
The Second Law. . . 244-245 
Absolute Temperature and 

its Determination ... 246 
Special Thermodynamic Re- 
lations 246-249 

Thermodynamic Surfaces, 

Models, etc. 249 

Thermodynamics of Single 

Substances ... 249-250 

Thermodynamics of Solu- 
tions and Mixtures 250-252 

Mixtures 251 

Specified Mixtures ... 251 

Solutions 251-252 

Thermodynamics of Systems 
with External and Capil- 
lary Forces 

Thermodynamics of Chemi- 
cal Processes 

Thermodynamics of Electro- 
chemical Processes 
Theory olT Heat Engines. 
(See also Mechanics 

0430.) 

Boilers 

Engines 

das Engines ... 
Hot Air Engines 
Steam Engines,., 
Marine Engines 
Indicators 
Locomotives 

Motors 

Safety- Valves 
Steam 

Turbines 

Refrigerators. (Seealso 1012.) 272-273 

LIGHT AND INVISIBLE 
BADLA.TION. 

General. (See also 3400, 

6600.) 273-274 

Undidatory Theory 273-274 

(Geometrical Optics. 

General 274-275 

Photometry. Units of Li^ht. 
Brightness. Optical 



252 



252 



252 



253-272 

253-255 

256-264 

257 

258 

258-264 

261-262 

265-266 

266-268 

268 

269 

270-271 

272 



xciv 




Schedule of Classification 



PAGE 

Pyrometry. (See also 

1265, 4200, 4202, 6080.) 275-285 

Brightness ... 275-279 

JUuminating Potoer 275-276 

Illumination, (See also 

Coast Lighting, 3090.) 276-278 

Oas Lighting 276-277 

Intensity 278 

Photometry ... 279-284 

Mectric Light Photometry 280 
Photometers ... 281-283 

Bunsen's Photometer 281-282 
Spectrophotometry 283-284 

Units of Light . . . 284-285 

3020 Reflection and Refraction. 
Refractometers. (See also 
3800 ; Chemistry 7310.) 
Refractive Indices 285-292 

Catoptrics and Dioptrics 285 

Prism 286-287 

Reflection 287 

Reflection and Refraction 287-288 
Refraction ... 288-289 

Refractive Indices 289-291 

Determination of Refrac- 
tive Indices ... 289-290 
Refractive Indices of 

Various Substances 290-291 

Refractometers 291 

3030 Spectrometry. Dispersion. 
(See also 3800; Chem- 
istry 7310.) ... 292-295 

Dispersion 292-293 

Refraction and Dispersion 294 
Refractive Indices ... 294 

Spectrometry 295 

Spectrometers 295 

Spectrum 295 

3040 Rays, General Theory of 295-298 

Caustics 296-297 

3050 Optical systems. Cardinal 
Points. Theory of Im- 
ages 298-300 

Cardinal Points 298 

Optical Systems 299 

Theory of Images ... 300 

3060 Mirrors and Lenses. (See 

also Astronomy 2040.) 300-306 

Lenses 301-303 

Systems of Lenses 302-303 

Objectives 303 

Mirrors 303-305 

Magic Mirrors 304 

3070 Aberrations, Spherical and 
Chromatic. Distortion, 
etc. Achromatism 306-308 

Aberration 306 

Achromatism ... 306-307 

3060 Telescopes. Field-glasses. 
(See also Astronomy 
2040-2600.) ... 308-311 



PAOB 

Telescopes ... 308-311 

Achromatic Telescopes 308 

QaliMs Telescope ... 309 
Objectives ... 309-310 

Reflecting Telescopes 310 

Refracting Telescopes ... 310 

Field Glasses 311 

3082 Microscopes. (See also Z6b0 ; 
General Biology 0110; 
Anatomy 0140.) 311^28 

Accessories, 311-315 

Camera Lucida 311-312 

Illuminators, (See also 

Illumination. ) 312-31 4 
Illuminators: CondensersZl3Sl4 
Illuminators: Lamps ... 314 
Micrometers and Micro- 
metry 314 

Fine Adjustment 316 

Illumination, (See also 
Illuminators under Ac- 
cessories.) ... 316-317 

Magnify ing Power ... 318 

Microscopes of various 

Kinds 318-322 

Binocular Microscopes,,, 319 
Dissecting Microscopes 319-320 
Portable Microscopes ... 321 
Projection Microscopes,,, 321 

Objectives 323-326 

Aperture ... 323-324 

Immersion Objectives ... 325 

Stages 326-327 

Mechanical Stages 326-327 

Stands 327 

Testing 327-328 

Nobert's TesU ... 327-328 

Test ObjecU 328 

3084 Eye-pieces. (See also As- 

tronomy 2120.) ... 329-330 

3085 Photographic Lenses and 

Systems ... 330-335 
Photographic Lenses 331-332 
Photomicro^aphy. (See 
also Biology 0400, and 
Anatomy 0145.) 332-335 
Apparatus ... .333-334 
3090 Optical Apparatus not sche- 
duled elsewhere. Stereo- 
scope 335-342 

Camera Lucida ... 335-336 

Coast Lighting ... 336-337 

Illuminating Apparatus 

for Lighthouses. (See 

also eOQO,) ... 336-337 

Lighthouses 337 

Optical Telegraphy 338-339 

rojection Apparatus 339-340 
Stereoscope. (<yeea/«o4440.) 340^-341 
Telemeters. (See also 
Geography 87.) 341-342 



xcv 



Schednle of Classification 



PAGE 



3100 Transmission through Hete- 
rogeneous Media. (See 
also 3210.) 342 

Spectrum Analsrsis, Apparatus for. 

3150 General 342-344 

Spectroscopes ... 343-344 
Direct Vision Spectro- 
scopes 343 

3155 Prisms 344-345 

3160 Gratings. (See also 3630.),,. 345 

Concave Oratings 345 

3105 Special Spectroscopic Appa- 
ratus 345-346 

Spectroscopes 346 

Optics of the Atmosphere. 

3200 General 346-347 

Mirage 346-347 

3210 Atmospheric Refraction. 
Scintillation. (See also 
3100; Astronomy 0210, 
5400; Meteorology 0520.) 347-349 
Atmospheric Refraction 347-349 
Astronomical Refraction 347-348 
Terrestrial Befractum 348-349 

Scintillation 349 

Stellar Scintillation ... 349 
3220 Rainbows, Halos, etc. Co- 
lours of Clouds. (See 
also 3640.) (For obser- 
vations see Meteorology 
0540-0570.) ... 349-351 

Halos 349-350 

Rainbows 350-351 

3230 Colour and Polarisation of the 
Sky. (See also 3640, 
4010, Meteorology 0510, 

0520.) 351-352 

Colour 351 

Polarisation 352 

3240 Atmospheric Absorption. 
(See also 3850 ; Astronomy 

5400.) 352-353 

3260 Energy of Sun-light. (See 
also Astronomy 4200 ; 
Meteorology 0930.) ... 353 

Velocity, Wave-Length, etc., of 
Badiation. 

3400 General (See also 2990.) 353-355 
Lipht 354-355 

3405 Radiation-pressure. Mechan- 
ical Equivalent of Light. 
(^M 4210, 4215.) ... 355 

3410 Velocity of Light, Measure- 
ments of 355-356 

3420 Aberration and Moving Me- 
dia. Doppler's Principle. 
(See also ^630 \ Astronomy 
3310.) : 356-358 



3600 
3610 



PAGE 

Aberration ... 356-357 

Doppler's Principle ... 357 
Movmg Media ... 357-358 

3430 Wave-Length of Rays in the 
Luminous Spectrum, 
Measiurement of. (See 
also 3030.) ... 358-359 

Wave- Lengths ... 358-359 

3435 Wave-Length of Infra-Red 

Rays, Measurement of 359-360 
3440 Wave-Length of Ultra- Violet 

Rays, Measurement of 360 

Interference and DifChustion. 

General 360-361 

Interference. Interferential 
Refractometers. Colours 
of Thin Sheets. (For In- 
vestigation of Radiation 
in a Magnetic Field by 
Interference, see 6660; 
for Nobili's Rings see 

6242.) 361-367 

Colour Photography, (See 

also 4225.) 361 

Lippnuinn*s Interference 

Method 361 

Colowrs 361-362 

Interference ... 362-365 
Achromatism in Interfer- 
ence 362 

Bands 363 

Interferential Refractome- 

vcrs ... ... ... «Soo 

Newton's Rings ... 366-367 

Talboes Bands 367 

Diffraction 367-370 

Spectra formed by Diffrac- 
tion and by Gratings ... 371 
Diffraction Spectra ... 371 
Gratings. (See also 3160.) 371 
Diffraction by Small Par- 
ticles. Theory of Rain- 
bow, Optical Resonance, 
eta (See also 3220 ; Me- 
teorology 0550.) ... 371-372 
Definition of Optical Instru- 
ments, General Theory. 
(See also 3080, 3082.) 372-373 
Microscopic Vision ,.. 373 



3620 
3630 



3640 



3650 



Reflection, Befraction and Absorption 
of Radiation. (See also 3020, 3030.) 

3800 General 373-374 

3810 Reflecting and Al^orbing 
Powers of Materials. 
Irregular Reflection 374-375 

Beflection 374-375 

3820 Dynamical Theory of Reflec- 
tion and Refraction 
in Transparent Media. 



xcvi 



Schedule of Classification 



PAGE 

Polarisation by Reflec- 
tion. {See also 4010.) 375-379 
DispernofL (iS^o^o 3030.) 375-376 

Reflection 376-377 

Crystalline ReJUction ... 377 
Reflection and Reft-action 377-378 

Refraction 378 

Warn Theory 379 

3822 Refraction : Influence of Tem- 
perature, Density and 
Change of State 379-380 

Refractive Indices ... 380 

3824 Total Reflection. {See also 

Mineralocr 420.) ... 380-381 

3830 Crystalline Media, Refraction 

in. {See also Mineralogy 

420.) ... .f. 381-387 

Biaxial Crustals ... 381-382 

Double Refraction 383-385 

Iceland Spar 385 

Refractive Indices 386-387 

3835 Strained Media, Refraction in 387-388 

/>(wWtf Refraction 387-388 

3840 Metallic Reflection ... 388-389 

Elliptic Polarisation by 

Metallic Reflection, {See 

also4O0b,) 388 

3850 Selective Reflection and 
Absorption, including 
Objective Colours. Di- 
chroism. Anomalous 
Dispersion. (^e^ also 
3240, 4200; Chemistry 

7320.) 389-400 

Anomalous Dispersion 389-390 

Colours 391-393 

Of Waters ... 392-393 

Dichroism 393 

Fraunhofrr Lines ... 393 

Selective Absorption 394-399 

By Crystals 395 

Spectra 396-399 

By Waters 399 

Transparent^ 400 

3855 Heat Ra^s, Reflection, Re- 
fraction and Absorption 

of 400-404 

Absorption 401 

Diathermancy ... 401-402 

Spectra 403-404 

3860 Chemical Constitution, Rela- 
tion of Refraction, Dis- 
persion and Absorption 



to. Optical Qlass 


404-408 


Absorption Spectra 


• • • ^kvtc 


Optical Glass 


405 


Refraction 


405-407 


Equivalents 
Molecular Refraction 


406 


406 


Refraction and Disper- 


• 

sion ... ... 


407 



PAGE 

Refractive Indices 407 

Refractive Power ,.. 407-408 

3875 Reflection, Refraction and 
Absorption of £lectric 
Radiation ... 408-409 

Absorption ... 408-409 

Reflection 409 

Refraction 409 

Polarisation. {See also Mineralogy 
400-440.) 

4000 Qeneral. Instruments and 

Methods ... 409-415 

Instruments and Methods 4 10-41 3 

Polarinieters ... 410-411 

Polariscope 411 

Pri«tns 411-412 

Polarising Prisms 411-412 
Saccharometers ... 41 2-4 1 3 

Optical Properties of Par- 
ticular Substances ... 413 

Polarised Light 414 

Vibration Plane of Polar- 
ised Liaht . . . 414-41 5 
4005 Elliptic ana Circular Polari- 
sation. General 415-416 
Circular Polarisation ... 415 
Elliptic Polarisation 415-416 
Elliptical Polarisation 
by Reflection at Trans- 
parent Media ... 416 
4010 Production of Polarised Ra- 

diation 416-418 

Polarisation of Heat 416-417 

Polarisation by Particular 

Substances 417 

Polarisation by Reflection 417-418 
4020 Measurement of Polarised 

Radiation 418 

4030 Rings, Brushes and Colours 

of Crystals, etc. 418-421 

Crystals 418-420 

Biaxial Crystals ... 419 

Uniaxial Crystals ... 420 
4040 Rotatory Polarisation and 
Dispersion, Structural 
and Magnetic. General 
{See also 6650, 6655; 
Chemistry 7315.) 421-423 

Rotatory Dispersion ... 421 
Rotatory Polarisation 421-423 

Quartz 422 

4050 Rotatory Powers of Sub- 

stances ... 423-425 

Sugar 424-425 

The Emission and Analysis of Radia- 
tion, Phosphorescence, Radioac- 
tivity, Spectra, etc. 

4200 General. {See also 3010, 

3850.) 425-428 



xcvu 



Schedule of Classification 



PAGE 

JllumincUing Povoer 425-426 

Photophone {Radiophone) 426-427 

Radiation 427-428 

Heat, {For Reflection, 
Refraction and Ab- 
sorption of Heat Rays 

Bee 3865.) 427 

Heat and Light 427-428 

4202 Sources : Lamps, Arcs, 
Vacuum Tubes. {See 
also 3010, 6080.) 428-430 

Incandescent Lighting ... 429 

Lamps 429 

Vacuum Tubes 430 

4205 Spectra. Distribution of 

Spectral Lines... 430-439 

Spectra of Elements 431-432 

Spectra of Oa^es 432 

Spectra of Metals . . . 432-433 

Spectra of Particular Sub- 
stances, {See also 
Chemistry 7320.) 433-438 

Carbon 434 

Hydrogen . . . 435-436 
Spectra] Lines, Distribu- 
tion 438-439 

Spectrum Analysis ... 439 

4206 Influence of Pressure, Tem- 

perature, etc. on Spectra 440-441 
InfltLenjce of Density ... 440 
Influence of Pressure ... 440 
Influence of Temperature 440-441 
Structure of Spectral Lines 441 

Influence of Magnetic Field on 

Spectra. (/See a^ 6660.) 441-442 
Zeeman Effect ... 441-442 

Intensity and Distribution 
of Energy. Temperature 
and RfSiation. Tem- 
perature Law of Radia- 
tion. Radiation of Black 
Bodies. {See also Me- 
teorology 0965, 0970.) 442-446 

Emission 442 

Emissive Power 442 

Energy 443 

/distribution in Spectrum 443 

Radiation 443-445 

Heat 444 

Law 444-445 

Theory of Exchanges . . . 445 
Radiation of Black Bodies 445 

Spectra 446 

Temperature 446 

Temperature and Radia- 
tion ... ... ... 446 

4215 Radiation- Pressure. {See also 

3405.) 446 

4220 Chemical Luminescence. {See 

also 6S40.) ... 447-448 

Ignis fatuus 447 



4207 
4206 



4210 



PAGE 

4225 Photochemistry and Photo- 
graphy 448-465 

Actinometry ... 448-449 

Sensitometry 449 

Applications of Photo- 

^aphy ... 449-450 

Lightning, Photography 
of ... ... ... 450 

Spectrum Photography 450 

Colour Photography. {See 
also Chemistry 7350, 

7400.) 461-452 

Lippmann*s Interference 

Method ... 451-452 

Emulsion 452-453 

Exposure 453 

Moser^i Images, Thermo- 
graphy 454 

Negatives 454 

Orthochromalic Photo- 
graphy 454-455 

Photochemistry ... 455-457 

Specified Substances 456-457 

Photographic Agents 457-459 

Developers ... 457-468 

Sensittsers ... 458-459 

Photographic Images ... 459 

Photographic Processes 460-464 

CoUodton 460 

Daguerreotype ... 460-461 

Photography on Paper 462 

Printing Processes 462-463 

Photography 464 

Plates 464-465 

4230 Phosphorescence produced 
by Impact of Radiation, 
Heat, Electric Discharge, 
etc. Fluorescence. {See 
also 6840 ; Chemistry 
7305.) 465-471 

Fluorescence ... 466-467 

Stokes^ s Law 467 

Particular Substances . . . 467 

Fluorescence and Phos- 
phorescence 468 

Phosphorescence ... 468-471 

Phosphorescent Spectra 469 

Proauction of Phosphor- 
escence ... 469-470 
Particular Substances 470-471 
4240 Rdnt^en and allied Radia- 
tions {See also 6840, 



6845, 6850.) ... 


471-480 


Rontgen Rays 
Diffraction 
Emission 


471-480 
473 
474 


Experiments 
Photography ... 
Tiibes 


475 
476-477 
479-480 


Rimtgen Rays and Cathode 

Rays 480 



XCVUl 



Schedule of ClasBiAcation 



Physlologicftl Optica. (Sm alto 




Phjsiologj.) 


UOO 


Oeneral 482-485 




Optical Illmum, . . . 483-484 








„ y^ion 484-*85 


4410 






of the Eye. (See aUo 




Phyaiologj 3711.) 485-186 




Construction 486 




Dioptrics 48B-48C 


4420 


Movemeotd of the Eye. Ac- 




aUo 




a.) 486-487 




486 




486-i87 


4430 


J their 




Sight, 




Irradia- 




tion, etc ... 487-490 




487-488 




488 




Short Sight ... 488-489 




SpeetacU, 489 




Le7u«t 489 



490-493 
490 

Diatuice 401 

Haitnitude 491 

'int/n 492-493 

Subjective 
Colours. Colour Bliod- 
neas. (See alto Physio- 
logy3736.) ... 493-600 

Colour Viaioi 



494 

495-497 

Colouri 49B 

I'riman/ Coloari ... 496 

Upeelrul Colour$ 496-497 

Experi- 

ntenU 497 



499-600 

500-501 

in the Eye 501-503 





Haidijtqst't Bnaket ... 502 


4470 


with 




503-W4 




LND HAO- 




tee Part II. 




AND SOUND. 


8990 


Oenoral 606 


KinsDuticB of Vlbratloiu ud Wan- 


9000 


General 505-606 


9010 


Analysis and Synthwia of 




Periodic Motions 606-607 




Luiajoui't Figwei 506-507 




506-507 


9020 


taining, Ob- 




serving and Measuring 




Vibrations. (ForBadic: 




phone «« 4200.) 607-609 








Vibrations 508-609 




Heated MetaU. VUtra- 




tioH*: Trevdyan't Ap- 


9030 


M..r""" "" 




609 




iwmm^ ... 609 


90« 


of 




a/» 9220.) 609-610 




609-610 



1 ... 610 
510 

Vibrations. 
9100 QeoeraL (See a^ Mechanics 

3220.) 510-512 

3/iuical Sand 611 

Production of Sound ... 611 

Vibrati.mB 611-512 

9105 Mechanical Action of Vibra- 
tions (Acoustic Attrac- 
tion.) 612-613 

Acoustic Attraction 612-513 

9110 Vibrations of Utringa and 

Bods. Curved Hods 513-816 

Strings 613-516 

Wint 514-616 

Roda 515 

Curved Hoda ... 616-516 

Tuainff-Forti (S^ alio 

9460.) 516-616 

9120 Vibrations of Membranes 
and Plates. Curved 
PUtes. Bells ... 516-619 

Membranes ... 516-617 

Plates 517-618 



Schedole of Classification 





AeovUie Figum ... 617 




Curved Plates 


S18 




Bella 


618-519 


9130 


Vibrations of Qasee 


in Tubes 




and other 


Cavities. 

619-622 
520 
&20-4S1 
520-621 
521-522 
621-622 
Tubal 522 


9135 




5S8 


SM" 


julisnonaDce. Resooatora. Ob- 






ation- 






Phy. 






622-524 




Resonance... 


.•- . 622-623 






:..- 623 



of Sonod. 



*S. 



9200 General 624-627 

Kinetic Theory 525 

Propagation of Sound in 
Partimlar Media ... 5S6 
9210 Velocity of Sound ... 527-530 

Dop^e Prineiple 527-628 

EsiperimenU 528 

Theory 529 

VelocUy of Sound in Air 

in fabet ... 629-630 

Ytlocity of Sound in 

Various Media ... 630 

9220 Reflection and Refraction of 

Sound. (Steoiw 9040.) 530-531 
Reflection ... 530-631 

Refraction 531 

9230 Interference and Diffraction 

of Sound. Beats 631-633 

Interference 

Beats 

Diffraction 

9340 iound-Waves 

and Heat- 



Hathodfl of Amilrsls and Meaanre- 
ment. 

9300 Qeneral &34 

9310 Methods of lUuatrating and 

•ZI* 634-636 
636 
9320 the Velocity 

Amplitude, Enernr, and 
Frequency of Sound- 

Wavw 635-537 

Amplitude 536 













636 






636-537 






636 






537 


of 


Vdocity 


637 




Sound 






537-538 



9400 General 638 

Munc 538 

9410 Musical Inatrumeuts 638-640 

MechaTiitm for playing 
Muticid InitmmeiUt and 
for reeording Motion of 

KeyA 539 

PipeK. {See aUo &\Z0.) ... 639 
>«20 The Voice. Speaking 

Machines ... 540-542 

" \ Speaking Machines 540-541 

Phonograph ... 540-541 

\The Voice 541-642 

-™ , \yoweU 541-642 

9430 Limits of Audition as De- 

?'"i*ient on Intensity and 
Itch.' t.fi^ „;„ flBoO; 

9«0 '"-^ 



9450 



543 



9460 


Harm 

Physi. 
Mutical 

Quality 
Absolute 






544 
544-646 






■■■ 545-646 

■■■■- ... 545 
646-646 

^^■eeal»o 


9470 


Scales 

Eoaliiat 


Y 


646-648 
548-B47 
546-547 



FhTsiological Acorutlcs. '/gee alto 
Physiology 2753, 4141, SBOO^^^qq^j 

9500 OeneroL (£«e o/io 9430., . 

9510 and ActioL, ^ 
the Vocal Organs. ( g^ 
9420.) • _ _ 

9520 Arrangement and Actio „ ^f 

the Ear 54 

AwUtion 



INDEX TO SCIENTIFIC PAPERS FOR 
THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. 



PHYSICS. 



0000 Philosophy. 

Fuiimeri, A. [1B45] Yen. Mm. I. 3 (1847) &-. 
(Fosinieri.) ConH, C. [1845] Yen. Mm. I. 8 

(1847) 25-. 
Zambra, B. Cantti Cronaca 1 (1855) 854-. 
MaeViear, J. Q. B. A. Bp. (1859) ^{pU 2) 

69—. 
Birkenmajer^ L. (xn) Koemos (Lw.) 3 (1878) 

18-, 62-, 113-, 166-, 266-, 487-. 
Esthetics, experimental. Fechner, G. T. Leip. 

Ab. Mth. Ps. 9 (1871) 553-. 
— and phyaios, inter-relationshipe. Soret, J, L, 

Sob. Nf. 08. Yh. (1885-86) 1-. 
ADalysis and mathematical physios, relations. 

Pirineari, H. Acta Mtb. 21 (1897) 831-. 
Analytic methods, synopsis. Sambuc^ — . 

[1880] Axch. Md. Nv. 85 (1881)^417-. 
Atomifltics. Hoh, ^. D. Nf. Tbl. («1872) 

118. 
— . Vdlkmann, P. A. Ps. C. 61 (1897) 196-. 
— . BoUzmann, L. A. Ps. C. 61 (1897) 

790-. 
— y indispensable in the natural sciences. 

BoUsmamn, L. Wien Ak. Sb. 105 (1896) 

(Ab. 2a) 907-. 
Axioms and basis of physical science. Volk- 

maim, — . Kdnigsb. Sobr. 35 (1895) [18]-. 
— , physical. Outhrie, F, Nt. 10 (1874) 

805-. 
Cansal research, method in. Pre$Um, S. T. 

Ph. Mg. 9 (1880) 856-. 
Caosafcion in nature, law ; and limits of scientific 

knowledge. Bathe, C, G, [1887] Mt. Ostld. 

4 (1888) 106-. 
Caose and effect, are they successive or simol- 

taneons? Whewell, W. Gamb. Ph. S. T. 7 

(1842) 819-. 
Caosee, efficient, are also final causes. Tretchow, 

N. Mg. Ntrd. 6 (1825) 1-. 
Chemical theories, infiuenoe of physics. Freund, 

M. [1809] Frkf. a. M. Ps. Yr. Jbr. (1899- 

1900) 119-. 
ChemiBtry and natural sciences, relation of 

I&ysies. Beequerd, A. C. Bb. Un. 9 (1837) 

145-. 

YOL. III. 



Chemistry and physics. KoMtneTt JT. W, G. 

Yoigt Mg. 9 (1805) 358-. 
, limits. Enklaar, J, E. [1890] Brux. 

S. Big. Mcr. A. 15 (1891) 59-. 
Coefficient of proportionality in elementary 

physics. Neiaev, N. Kazan 8. Ps.-Mth. 

BU. 2 (1893) 42-. 
Communistic tendency of the physical world. 

Szily^K. [1871] (xn) Mag. Tud. Ak. Evk. 

13 (1876) {No. 7) 47-. 
Comparison, principle of, in physics. Maeh,E. 

D. Nf. Yh. (1894) {Th, 1) 44-. 
Concepts of physics, present fundamental. 

Pwib, F. J, Smiths. Bp. (1879)485-. 
Continuity, law. Herapath, J, Thomson A. 

Ph. 11 (1818) 208-. 
— , — , and a seeming exception. Lovering, 

J. Am. Ac. P. 2 (1848-^2) 120-. 
Cosmogonic theory. Vacuum inpleno, Dupon- 

eheh A. Mntp. S. Lang. Qg. Bll. 19 (1896) 

142-, 837-, 455- ; 20 (1897) 204-, 363-, 477- ; 

21 (1898) 227-, 869-. 
Cosmos, philosophy of . Schwarz, H, Steierm. 

Mt. (1879) Ixv-. 
Discontinuity, case. Stuart, L. C, Amst. Ak. Ys. 

M. 9 (1876) 238- ; Arch. Nterl. 11 (1876) 476-. 
Division of ftfiysics. BauUnfeld-Lindermih, H. 

von, Biga Cor.-Bl. 34 (1891) 40-. 
Doctrines of modem physics. Oirault, C, F, 

(xn) Caen Ac. Mm. a876) 43-. 
Electricity, light and caJoric. Anon, (yi 860) 

Nicholson J. 2 (1799) 396-. 
Electrogene of Schmidt. Sternberg, K, (Qraf) 

von. TUloch Ph. Mg. 24 (1806) 250-. 
Energies, experimental properties of different. 

Vasehy, A, Eclair. Elect. 13 (1897) 5-. 
Energy, objectivity. Muirhead, H, Glasg. Ph. 

8. P. 11 (1879) 408-. 
— , sources and transformations. Badoureau,A. 

Bv. Sc. 36 (1885) 169-. , 

— , theory. Heller, A. Mag. Tud. Ak. £tk. 

(Mth,) 15 (1894) No, 5, 14 pp. ; Mth. Nt. B. 

Ung. 12 (1895) 375. 
Evolution of physical sciences, r61e of hypo- 
thesis. Been, P. de. Brux. Ac. BU. (1900) 

1094-. 



1 



0000 Philosophy 

Experimental and mathematical physios. Janets 

P. Rv. So. 39 (1887) 33-. 
— , relationship. Poincari^ fl, Rv. 

So. 14 (1900) 705-. 

— a posteriori method, applioation. Chevreul^ 
M. E. G. R. 69 (1869) 845-. 

— , applications to physical and poli- 
tical science. Chevretd, M, E. C. R. 71 
(1870) 493-. 

, Newton's, and Leibnitz's a priori 

method. Chevreul, M. E. C. R. 96 (1883) 
1621-. 

— method and physical theories. Matteucci^ C. 
n Polit. 14 (1862) 5-. 

— physics. Duhem, P. Rv. Quest. Sc. 36 
(1894) 179-. 

Experiments, physical. Strehlke, F, Gmnert 

Arch. 3 (1843) 220-. 
Force, manifestations. M^Cann^ (Hev.) J. 

[1872] (x) Vict. I. J. 7 (1874) 96-. 

— and matter. Wislizenusy A, St. Louis Ac. 
T. 2 (1868) 299-. 

. BoUandy G. J. P. J. Batav. Ntk. 

Ts. 47 (1887) 283-. 

— — — , pnysioal significance of terms. 
RuUmann, R, [1871] Chemnitz B. (*1871- 
72) 14-. 

— , modem views. Htm, G. A, Rv. So. 36 
(1885) 129- ; 37 (1886) 252-. 

— in nature. Carpenter^ W, B. Rv. Sc. 18 
(1880) 994-. 

— , origin and propagation. SSguin, — (ain^). 

Moigno Cosmos 13 (1858) 465-. 
Forces. CosU, L. M, P. J. 06n. Civ. 6 (1830) 

467-; 8(1830)200-. 
— . Lyman, T. Silliman J. 29 (1860) 185-. 
— , chemical and physical, indefinite quantita- 
tive relations. WUde, H. liianch. Lt. Ph. 

S. Mm. & P. 10 (1896) 61-. 
— , correlation. (Physical and vital forces.) 

Newport, G. A. NH. 6 (1850) 370-. 
— ,— . Bizio.B, Ven. At. (1856-57) 54a-, 623-. 
— , — . Napoli, R. Moigno Cosmos 11 (1857) 

301-, 324-. 
— , — . Siguin, — (aifi^. Moigno Cosmos 11 

(1857) 411-. 
— , — MaUer, {Dr.) J. Freiburg B. 1 (1858) 

483-. 
^, — . Napoli, R. Moigno Cosmos 14 (1859) 

233—. 
— , — . Codazza, G. Mil. At. I. Lomb. 3 

(1862) 178-. 
— , — . Brame, C. As. Fr. C. R. 6 (1877) 

325-. 
— , — . Sambuct — . [1878] Arch. Md. Nv. 

31 (1879) 5-. 
— , — . Brame, C. Les Mondes 2 (1882) 507-, 

579-. 
— , — and association with matter. Edwards, 

J. B. Lpool. Lt. Ph. S. P. 13 (1859^ 152-. 
— , — , direct. (Mechanical and chemical 

forces.) Sorby, H, C. Tel. J. 2 (^1864) 122-. 

— of inanimate nature. Mayer, J, R, Lieb. 
A. 42 (1842) 233-. 

—, natural. Anon, (vi 186) Bb. It. 83 (1836) 

460-. 
— , — .* Kastntr, K. W. G. D. Nf. Vsm. B. 

(1840) 58-. 



Philosophy 0000 

Forces, natural. Baumgartner, A. von. Wien 

SB. 27 (1857) 191-. 
— , — , interaction. Helmholtz, H. Ph. Mg. 

11 (1856) 489-. 
— , — , law (Newton and Boscovich). Cipol- 

Utti, D. (xn) Rv. Sc.-Ind. 4 (1872) 139-, 

174-, 252-, 344-. 
— , — , origin. Poche, — . As. Fr. C. R. (1890) 

{Pt. 1) 150-. 
— . — , relation between. Clatisius, R. Lum. 

Elect. 16 (1885) 253-. 
— , — , . Marroquln, M, M, M^x. S. 

"Alzate" Mm. 13 (1900) 39-. 
— , — , and use by man. Clauaius, R, Rv. 

Sc. 38 (1886) 129-. 
— , perturbation. Warner, J, D, Am. As. 

P. 20 (1871) 159-. 
— , physical, nature. Vachell, C, T, Card. 

Nt. S. T. 5 (1873) 61-. 
— , — , synthesis. Leray, (Vabb^ A . LesMondes 

41 (1876) 256-, 333-, 637- ; 42 (1877) 145-. 
— , system of, in the physical world. La- 
grange, C. Bnix. Ac. Mm. 48 (1892) {No. 2) 

728 pp. 
Fourth dimension, new way of regarding 

phenomena. Saussure, R. de. Rv. Sc. 47 

(1891) 585-. 
General physics. Dove, H. W. (vi Adds.) 

Berl. Pol. Gs. Vh. 22 (1861) 380-. 
Greatest and least, theoiy. Petzval, J. Haid- 

inger Ab. 2 (1848) 111-. 
Heat, origin. WiUiamson, H. [1770] Am. 

Ph. S. T. 1 (1771) {App.) 27-. 
Hypotheses, inexpediency of erroneous. Brooke, 

C. Ph. Mg. 39 (1870) 464-. 
— , origin, application, etc. Couttolenc, — . 

[1887] Amiens Ac. Mm. 34 (1888) 218-. 
—,—,—,— (Couttolenc). PeuUv€,—. [1887] 

Amiens Ac. Mm. 34 (1888) 249-. 

— of physics, chemistry and physiology. 
Winterl, J. J. Gehlen J. 6 (1808) 1-, 201-. 

, value. Duhem, P. Rv. Quest. Sc. 

31 (1892) 139-. 
, — (Duhem). Vicaire, E. Rv. Quest. 

Sc. 33 (1893) 451-. 
Identity, an, and its significance in physics. 

Sluginov, N. P. (xn) Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 15 

(P«., Pt. 1) (1883) 75- ; 15 (P«.. Pt. 2) (1883) 

48. 
Imponderable elements, mutations. Dyer, J, 

C. Manch. Lt. Ph. S. P. 7 (1868) 165-. 

— fluids, properties attributed to. BHlavitis, G. 
Ven. I. At. 1 (1875) 495-. 

— matter, considered as an element. Dyer, 
J. C. Manch. Ph. S. P. 1 (1857-60) 91-. 

— substance in natural science a chimsBra. 
SpiUer, P. (vm) Amhem Ntk. 14 (1860) 
97-, 129-, 193-. 

Imponderables. Ponti, A. (xn) Brescia At. 

Cm. (1862-64) 70-. 
— . (Theories of the nature of physical agents.) 

Docq, A, J, Rot. N. Vh. 12 (2* «t.) (1865) 

179 pp. 
— , energies. Riggt (Rev.) A. (xi) C. N. 

28 (1873) 5-, 15-, 28-, 54-, 67-, 78-, 92-, 

104-, 119-, 139-, 153-, 176-, 190-, 199-, 

223-, 236-, 273-, 284-, 309-, 319- ; 29 

(1874) 3-. 



0000 FhiloBophy 

Imponderables, so-called, theozy. Henry, J, 

Am. As. P. (1851) {pt. 2) 84-. 
— , — , — , dynamic orbital. Porto, I, D 

Polit. 19 (1871) 56-. 
Inductive philosophy, evidence. Harcourt, W, 

V. Ph. llg. 29 (1846) 36-. 

— process, modified forms in different sciences. 
Glover, R, M, Edinb. N. Ph. J. 23 (1837) 
115-. 

Infinity, physical and metaphysical. HwU, E, 

B. Am. As. P. (1857) 35-. 
Interference of electromagnetic waves, and 

Him's theory. Schwoerer, i, Bv. Sc. 46 

(1890) 73-. 
Kinetic and energetic treatment of physical 

problems, contrast. Classen, J, [1895] 

Hamb. Nt. Vr. Vh. 3 (1896) 1-. 
Laws, physical, foundation. Strehl, K, Gztg. 

Opt. 10 (1889) 1-. 

— of physical world, fundamental. Commines 
de MarsiUy, {U gin.) L.J,A,de. (xn) Bftne 
Ac. Hip. Bll. 2 (1866) 1-. 

, simplicif^ and generality. De 

charme, C. J. (zn) M.-et-L. S. Ac. Mm 

18 (1865) 5-. 
Leibnitz's monad theory, development previous 

to 1695. Stiver, D. Ph. Stud. 3 (1886) 216- 

420-. 
Light, chemical nature. lUsis, — . Bll. Phm 

1 (1809) 384-. 
— , neat and fire, philosophy. Huttan, J. 

Edinb. B. S. T. 4 (1798) {Hist.) 7-. 

— and sound. Oirard de Caudemherg, — 
Dijon Ac. Mm. (1830) (livr. 2) 16-. 

Masses and vectoriiu masses in theory of action 

at a distance. Vascky, A. Eclair. Elect. 13 

(1897) 306-. 
Mathematics, influence on physics. Schuster, 

A. Nt. 25 (1882) 397-. 
— , role in physics. Bloch-Lyon, E. Bv. Sc. 

10 (1898) 68^. 
Bfechanics, principles, application in physics. 

Bjerknes, V. Arch. Mth. Ntvd. 15 (1892) 

331-. 
— , reduction of physics to. Landur, N. Presse 

Sc. 3 (1861) 15-, 274-. 
Metaphysics and physics. Cassani, P., dt 

Fambn, P. [1879] Ven. I. At. 6 (1880) 55-, 

957-. 
. Duhem, P. Bv. Quest. Sc. 34 (1893) 

56-. 
Bfiscellaneous notes. Strehlke, F. Halle Jbr. 

NW. Vr. 5 (1852) 96-. 
Molecular force of bodies. Brame, C, Les 

Blondes 5 (1883) 558-. 

— forces of matter, influence of mind. Nevins, 
J. B. Lpool. Lt. Ph. S. P. 23 (1869) 9-. 

— — , theory. BanecUari, A. M. Moigno 
Cosmos 8 (1856) 501-. 

, — . Challis, J. Ph. Mg. 19 (1860) 

88-. 
Motor power, natural, origin and classification. 

Henry, J. [1844] Am. Ph. S. P. 4 (♦1847) 

127-. 
Natural philosophy. Qrsted, H. C. Schweigger 

J. 36 (= J&. 6) (1822) 458-. 
, new principles. Longo, A, G. Arcad. 

58 (1833) 151-. 



Philosophy 0000 

Natural philosophy, pure, attempt at. Stein- 
hUuser, J. G. Voigt Mg. 10 (1805) 109-. 

, — , — to apply principles to intellectual 

world. Steinhiiuser, J, G. Voigt Mg. 10 
(1805) 393-, 400-. 

— science, relation to philosophy. Hoppe, R. 
HaUe Z. Nw. 6 (1872) 172-. 

Nature, theory. Cooper, P. Sturgeon A. 

Electr. 1 (1836-37) 444-; 2 (1838) 360-, 

444- ; 3 (1839) 297-, 393-, 499-, 529-. 
Objective existence of processes in inanimate 

nature. Boltzmann, L. Wien Ak. Sb. 106 

(1897) (Ah. 2a) 83-. 
Periodicity, determination. Bessel, F, W, As. 

Nr. 6 (1828) 333-. 
Phenomena, different kinds. Saigey, J. F. 

F^russac BU. Sc. Nt. 8 (1827) 287. 
— , material, principles of absolute theory. 

Gosiewski, W. Par. T. Nauk ^. Pam. 10 

(•1878) Art. 4, 6 pp.; Fschr. Mth. (♦1878) 

39. 
— , physical, application of general forms of 

reasoning to. Pionchon, — . Bordeaux S. 

Sc. Mm. 2 (1891) xxxviii. 
— , — basis. Bates, H. H. Smiths. Misc. 

Col. 33 (1888) Art. 2, 40-. (Wash. Ph. S. 

Bll. 7 (1885).) 
— , — , coordination. Bellavitis, G, Ven. At. 

(1851) 173- ; (1855-56) 107-, 221-, 325-. 
— , — , critical points in. Decharme, C. Lum. 

Elect. 35 (1890) 51-, 121-, 172-, 223-, 263-, 

320-, 46ft-. 
»-, — , explanation. Lallemant, — . Bouen 

Tr. Ac. (1855-56) 115-. 
— , visible. Maurice, G, Qcen. Mm. S. Ps. 3 

(1825) 81-. 
Physics of 19th century, leading ideas. Heller, 

A. [1888] Mag. Tud. Ak. Etk. (Termt.) 18 
(1889) No. 3, 33 pp.; Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 6 
(1889) 200-. 

Polarity in the categories. Seckendorf, {Presi- 
dent) — . Gorl. Ab. 5 {Heft 2) (1850) 26-. 

Psychological elements of physico-mathematical 
sciences. Smimov, A. [1895] Kazan Un. 
Mm. (1896) (Pt. 3) 113-, (Pt. 4) 211-, (Pt. 5) 
147-. 

— mechanics in light of vibration theory. 
Mewes, R. Dingier 315 (1900) 592-. 

Pyrogen, the electric fluid. Lake, J, J. L. 
Pol. Mg. 2 (1846) 4-, 93-, 259-. 

Quantitative and qualitative in nature. Amer- 
ling, K. (xn) Lotos 15 (1865) 57-, 73-; 
16 (1866) 72-, 104-, 163-. 

Science, is it disciplined knowledge? (Objec- 
tion to MaxwelPs theory.) Varley, S. A. 
Tel. J. 28 (1891) 4-, 44-. 

— in general, relation of physical sciences to. 
Helmholtz, H. Smiths. Bp. (1871) 217-. 

Space, philosophy of. ScMesinger, J. [1892] 

Mt. Ostld. 5 (1892) 419- ; 6 (1894) 51-. 
— , , and Schlesinger's experiment. Rothe, 

C. G. [1893-96] Mt. Ostld. 6 (1894) 120- ; 

7 (1896) 97-. 
— , , (Bothe). Schlesinger, J. 

Mt. OsUd. 7 (1896) 81-. 
Symmetry, laws, physical significance. Maeh, 

E. (xn) Lotos 21 (1871) 139-. 

3 a2 



0010 History 

Theoretical physics. ChdllU, J. Ph. Mg. 21 

(1861) 604-. 

, methods. BoUzmann, L. L. Ps. S. P. 

12 (1894) 836- ; Ph. Mg. 86 (1898) 87-. 
, — , modem development. Boltzmanrii L, 

[1899] D. Mth. Vr. Jbr. 8 (1900) (Hrft 1) 

71-. 
— ^, principles. ChdUiSf J. Ph. Mg. 28 

(1862) 813-. 

Thermodynamics, electro-dynamics and astro- 
physics, a group of related facts in. SchiUx^ 

J, R. [1896] D. Mth. Vr. Jbr. 4 (1897) 

166-. 
Thermology, similitude in. Haton de la Qou- 

pillih-e^J.N. (xn) Brux. S. Sc. A. 8 (1879) 

{Pt. 2) 207-. 
Thinking and being, relation. Volkmatmt P, 

Wien Ak. Sb. 106 (1897) {Ab. 2a) 1103-. 
Unitary principle in the 3 natural kingdoms. 

Jessen, C. Berl. Nf. Fr. Sb. (1888) 185-. 
Unity of cause of all natural phenomena. 

StHnfeld, P. Uk&t, 8. Our. BU. 9 {No, 1) 

(1885) 17 pp. 
natural forces. Guyot, J, Presse Sc. 8 

(1861) 646-. 
phenomena. DeUa Cata^ L, Bologna 

Ac. Sc. Mm. 8 (1868) 251-. 
physical forces. Chevrier, — . Rv. Cours 

So. 6 (1869) 684-. 
Universe, effect of change in dimensions. 

Preston, S, T. Nt. 48 (1898) 617-. 



0010 History. Biography. 

HISTORY. 

Accumulators, progress. Ouerout, A, Lum. 

Elect. 6 (*1882) 584-. 
Alhazen (Ibn-el-Haitam) , 962-1038, dissertation 

on light. Wiedemann^ E. E. G. A. Ps. C. 

20 (1883) 887-. 
— ( — ) and his works. Schnaase, L. 

[1890] Danzig Schr. 7 (1888-91) {He/t 3) 

140-. 
America, U.S., development of science. VioUe, 

J. A. Ck>ns. Arts et M^t. 6 (1894) 253-. 
American physicists, notable contributions 

during three-quarters of a century. Menden- 

hall, T. C. Franklin I. J. 149 (1900) 47-. 
Apparatus for acoustics, optics ana astronomy* 

Doppler*s recent researches. Bolzano, B, 

Pogg. A. 72 (1847) 530-. 
— , original. Gerland, E. Lpldina. 25 (1889) 

162-. 
— , — ; and scientific mss. of Cassel libraiy. 

Gerland, E. Lpldina. 18 (1882) 43-, 67-, 

82-, 96, 114-, 186-. 
— , certain scientific. Berthelot, — . G. R. Ill 

(1890) 935- ; A. C. 23 (1891) 475-. 
Arabs, physical knowledge. Wiedemann, E, E, 

6. A. Ps. C. 159 (1876) 656- ; 1 (1877) 480; 

4 (1878) 820; 7 (1879) 679-; 14 (1881) 868; 

17 (1882) 850-, 1043-. 
Areometer, antiquity. Bourgougnon, A, Rv. 

Sc. 49 (1892) 379-. 
Aristotle and discovery of weight of air. Bod- 
well, O. F. C. N. 19 (1869) 123-, 209-. 



History 0010 

Aristotle and discovery of weight of air. Hamy, 

{VabhS) A, C. N. 19 (1869) 189. 
Aristotle's discoveries in sound. Young, {Dr.) 

T. Bb. Brit. 18 (1801) 354-. 

— physics. Deicke, J. C. Halle Z. Nw. 29 
(1867) 376-. 

. Elmendarf, J. J, Wise. Ac. T. 8 (1892) 

169-. 
Atmosphere, historical and pedagogic notes. 

Lubimow, N, Fschr. Ps. (1893) {Ab. 1) 

379. 
Atmospheric pressure, discoverer. Oovi, G. 

Tor. At. Ac. Sc. 2 (1866-67) 562-. 
AtomisticB, development. Hoh, T, (xn) Bamb. 

Nf. Os. B. (12) (1882) {No. 5) 30 pp. 
— , history. Knibbs, G, H, Aust. As. Rp. 

(1900) 18-. 
— , kinetic, decay in 17th centuiy. Lcus- 

wiu, C. T. r. K. A. Ps. C. 153 (1874) 

373-. 
Attraction, etc., historical note on various 

phenomena due to unsuspected currents of 

air. PouUUt, C. S. M. C. R. 29 (1849) 

245-. 
Bacon's key to nature. Nichol, — . [1894] 

R. 1. P. 14 (1896) 189-. 
Balzac, scientinc ideas. Coriveaud, A. Rv. 

Sc. 37 (1886) 188. 
Bernoulli, Daniel, life and works. Burckhardt, 

F. [1884] Basel Vh. 7 (1885) {Anh.) 6-. 
— , — , theory of gases. Berthold, G. {of Bona- 

dorf). A. Ps. C. 159 (1876) 659-. 
Bohemia, physics, 1848-98. StudniSka, F. J. 

Prag 6eBk6 Ak. Fr. Jos. Pam. (1898) (11 a) 

24-. 
* * Book of fires ' ' of Marcus Graecus. Poiston, A . 

Rv. Sc. 47 (1891) 457-. 
. Berthelot, — . Rv. Sc. 47 

(1891) 613-. 
Bodkovid, R. J., life and influence. Seydler, A . 

&u3opis 16 (1887) 267-. 
Boyle, Robert, life and writings. Davies, E. 

Lpool. Lt. Ph. S. P. 41 (1887) 109-. 
Brisson, Mathurin Jacques. Delambre, J. B. 

J. Par. Mm. de PI. (1806) Sem. 2 {Hist.) 

189-. 
Bunsen and the Heidelberg Laboratory, remi- 
niscences. Bolton, H. C. Science 10 (1899) 

865-. 
Burattini, Tito Livio, 17th century, life and 

works. Favero, A. Ven. I. Atoi. 25 (1894- 

96) No. 8, 140 pp.; Ven. I. At. (1895-96) 

110- ; (1899-1900) {Pt. 2) 855-. 
Burning-mirrors, history. Wiedemann, E. A. 

Ps. G. 39 (1890) 110-. 
**Calamita*' (magnet), origin of Italian word. 

Govt, G. Rm. R. Ac. Line. Rd. 5 (1889) 

{Sem. 1) 394-. 

— ( — ), . Corradi, A. Mil. I. 

Lomb. Mm. 17 (1896) 59-. 

** Capillarity,'* curious passages from forgotten 
book ('* Philosophia magnetica" of Nicolas 
Cabeus, 1629). Thirion, J. Rv. Quest. Sc. 
84 (1893) 563-. 

Camot's principle, history and criticism. 
Mack, E. Wien Ak. Sb. 101 (1892) {Ab. 2d) 
1589-. 



0010 History 



Gortesian phTsios, renaissance. Bertrand^ J. 

J. Say. (1869) 581-, 662-; (1870) 225-, 

445-. 
Caustics, historical accoont. Gander^ J. G, 

Qaetelet Cor. Mth. 1 (1825) 29-. 
Cavendish, Henry. Cuvier, G, Par. Mm. de 

PI. (1811) cxxvi-. 
— , — , unpublished electrical papers. Max- 

weU, J. C. [1877] Camb. Ph. S. P. 3 (1880) 

86-. 
Chance in scientific discovery. Decharme^ C, 

Lum. Elect. 45 (1892) 439-, 490-, 592-. 
Chase, Pliny Earle, list of papers communicated 

to Amer. Phil. Soo. (1858-80). Chase, P. 

E. [18801 Am. Ph. 8. P. 19 (1882) 184-. 
Chemistry, physical, progress in 1887. OstwoUd, 

W. Humb. 7 (1888) 209-. 
— , — , recent years. OstwiUd, — . D. 

Nf. Vh. (1891) {Th. 2J 61-. 
— and physics in 1830. Keutneff K, W. G. 

Kastner Arch. C. 3 (1831) 110-. 
, development of fundamental laws. 

Mewes, R. Cztg. Opt. 17 (1896) 135-. 
Chorography of Joachim Bheticus. Hipler, F. 

Z. Mth. Ps. 21 (1876) {H.4t. Ab.) 125-. 
Cisternal du Fay, Charles Francois, 1698- 

1739. Becquera, H. Par. Ms. H. Nt. Cent. 

(1893) 163-. 
Colour photography. Hatzfeld, A, Bv. Sc. 

47 (1891) 609-. 
Compass, invention in Europe. SchUek, A. 

Cztg. Opt. 15 (1894) 3-, 13-, 49-, 64-. 
— , mariner's, is it a Chinese invention ? Anon, 

Nt. 44 (1891) 308-. 
— , — , history. BerteUi, T. Bm. N. Line. 

Mm. 9 (1893) {Pt. 1) 77-, {Pt. 2) 131- ; 16 

(1899)51-; 17(1900)1-. 
Coulomb, Charles Augustin. Delanibre, J, B. 

J, Par. Mm. de I'l. (1806) 8em. 2 (Hist.) 

206-. 
— , — — , physical work. Houston, E, J, 

Franklin I. J. 136 (1893) 455-. 
Davis, Phineas, life and work. Jordan, J. C. 

Am. Eng. & BaUroad J. 67 (1893) 599-. 
Davy, Humphry, Galvani prize awarded to, 

1807. GUbert, L. W. GUbert A. 28 (1808) 

148-. 
— , — , , — . Gay-LusBcte, L, J. 

Oilbert A. 28 (1808) 309-. 
Deecartes, philosophical method. Jacobi, C. 

G, J. [1846] Liouv. J. Mth. 12 (1847) 

97-. 
Discoveries of the century, great physical. 

Montigny, C, Bruz. Ac. Bll. 4 (1882) 

661-. 
— , inventors of certain (reflection of cold, com- 
pression of water, telescope, etc.) . Englefield, 

H, C. Nicholson J. 10 (1805) 1-. 
— , priority of certain. BMani, A. (vi Adds,) 

Majocohi A. Fis. C. 10 (1843) 274- ; 17 (1845) 

161-. 
— , recent scientific. Thomsen, J, Sk. Nf . F. 

(1898) 66-. 
Dissociation pressure previous to Sainte-Claire 

Deville. Duhepi, P. J. Ps. C. 3 (1899) 

364-. 



Divining Rod. Hisfbry 0010 



DIVINING ROD, 

Phillips, W, Tilloch Ph. Mg. 13 (1802) 309-. 
(Pendulums of different substances vibrating 

over various bodies.) Amoretti, C, [1806] 

Mod. Mm. S. It. 13 (1807) 223-. 
Campetti, F. Gehlen J. 4 (1807) 98-, 126. 
(*'Balancier,** so-called, of Campetti.) Ritter, 

J. W. Gehlen J. 4 (1807) 114-. 
(Pyrites-pendulums, etc.) Gilbtri, L. W, Gil- 
bert A. 26 (1807) 369-, 381-. 
(Experiments.) Ritter, J. W. Gilbert A. 26 

(1807) 429-. 
{—, Bitter's.) GUbert, L. W, Gilbert A. 26 

(1807) 439-. 
Gilbert, L. W. Gilbert A. 27 (1807) 2-. 
(Oscillations of iron pyrites suspended over 

metal plates, explanation.) Pfaff, C. H, 

Gilbert A. 27 (1807) 41-. 
(Bhabdomancy, history.) Gilbert, L. W, Gil- 
bert A. 27 (1807) 158-. 
(Munich pendulum experiments. ) Zimmermann, 

C. GUbert A. 27 (1807) 337-. 
(Pendulum, so-called, movements.) Renard, 

— . Gilbert A. 39 (1811) 101-. 
(Animal electrometry, finding water, lodes, 

etc.) Amoretti, C. Mod. Mm. S. It. 16 

(1813) 52-, 212- ; 17 (1815) 81-, 101-, 132-. 
Einsberg, F, Aarau Arch. Md. 1 (1816) 56- ; 

3 (1817) 247-. 
Gilbert, L, W, Gilbert A. 60 (1819) 318-. 
Emerson, (Rev,) R, Silliman J. 3 (1821) 

102-. 
SiUiman, B. Silliman J. 11 (1826) 201-. 
(Analogies of magnetic phenomena.) Wirth, P, 

Eastner Arch. Ntl. 12 (1827) 467- ; 13 (1828) 

167-. 
( .) (Wirth.) August, E, F, Pogg. 

A. 14 (1828) 429-. 
Osiander, J, G. Hann. A. 2 (1842) 121-. 
(And table-turning.) Chevreul, M. E, J. Sav. 

(1853) 597-, 669- 768-; (1854) 36-, 172-, 

216-, 286-, 427-. 
(Use.) Blanchard, F. Presse Sc. 2 (1861) 

173-. 
Tilrrsehmiedt, A, Berl. Pol. Gs. Vh. 24 (1863) 

139-. 
(History.) White, H. Stud. 5 (1871) 20-. 



Diwisch, Procopius, 1696-1765, real inventor 

of lightning conductor. Anon. Tel. J. 17 

(1885) 390-. 
Dobfensky, Jakob, of Nigroponte, 1620-97, 

book by. StudnHka, F, J, Prag Sb. (1875) 

149-. 
Double refraction and polarisation, history. 

Brewster, {Sir) D. Edinb. Ph. J. 1 (1819) 

289- ; 2 (1820) 167- ; 3 (1820) 148-, 277- ; 

4 (1821) 124- ; Edinb. J. Sc. 1 (1824) 90-. 
Dumas, Jean Baptiste Andr^, influence ana 

work. Lepsius, B. Senckb. Nf. Gs. B. 

(1884) 78-. 
D^amo, historical sketch. Rittershaus, — . 

Civing. 39 (1893) 349-. 
— , history. Wilde, H. Manch. Lt. Ph. S. 

Mm. <t P. 8 (1894) 93-. 



0010 Hiltory 

Early history. Schweigger, J, S, C, Schweigger 

J. 31 {=Jh. 1) (1821) 228-. 
Earth's oondaotivity, Steinheil's disoovery. H, 

Elekttech. Z. 9 (1888) 279-. 
Electric batteries, primary, 25 years* progress, 

1872-97. QaUhouse, T. E, Elect. Bv. 41 

(1897) 688-. 

— current, 1799-1899. Fleming, J. A, Elect. 
48 (1899) 764r-. 

— currents, continuous, with open circuit, dis- 
covery. Magrini, L. Bill. At. I. Lomb. 1 
(1858) 250-. 

— : — , — , , — (Magrini). Mattetu:ei, 

C. N. Cim. 9 (1859) 71-. 
, history of discovery of laws. Du Moncel, 

T. Lum. Elect. 9 (•1888) 417-, 481-. 

— discharges, first observations. RoBenherger, 
F. Z. Mth. Ps. 42 (1897) (Suppl.) 89-. 

— discoveries, historical sketch. Delarive, A, 
Bb. Un. 52 (1888) 225-, 404- ; 58 (1888) 70-, 
170-, 816-. 

— energy, modem views. Schmidt, K. E, F. 
Z. Nw. 68 (1895) 115-. 

— frictional and induction machines, ancient 
and modem. PeUat, H. Bv. Sc. 87 (1886) 
858-. 

— industries, work of French engineers. 
Dufitont, — . Bv. Sc. 11 (1899) 281-. 

— light, historical notes. BolUm, {Col, Sir) F. 
[1886] Tel. E. J. 15 (1887) 891-. 

— lighting. Oeraldy, F, Lum. Elect. 1 
(•1879) 5-. 

, first steps. Gueroutf A. Lum. £Uect. 

11 (1884) 162-, 202-. 

— luminosity in vacuum, old experiments. 
Del Ltmgo, C, Bv. Sc. Ind. 29 (1897) 196-. 

— machines, first development. Rosehberger, 
F. D. Nf. Vh. (1896) {Th. 2, H&lfte 1) 66-; 
Z. Mth. Ps. 42 (1897) (Suppl) 69-. 

— — of last century. PeUimer, O, Lum. 
Elect. 22 (1886) 68-, 106-. 

— motor, Bessolo's, and Siemens's open-ring 
electromagnetic motor. Oeraldy, F. Lum. 
filect. 10 (•1888) 462-. 

, first. Kern, 0. Lum. Elect. 9 (•1888) 

40-. 

— motors, history. Soulages, C. C, Lum. 
Elect. 16 (1885) 172-. 

— telegraph, achievements of Wheatstone. 
Preeee, W. H. [1880] B. L P. 9 (1882) 297-. 

— — and Bishop Watson. Hamel, J, 
Elect. 1 (1862) 28-. 

, history. Salvd, F. [1795-1804] (m) 

Barcel. Ac. Mm. 1 (1878) 1-, 28-, 41- ; Lum. 
]i:ieci 11 (1884) 248-, 286-, 816-. 

, — . Amyot, — . C. B. 7 (1888) 80-. 

, — . Wartmann, E4 Arch, de Pl^ectr. 

8 (1848) 469-. 
, — . Adley, C. C. (vi Adds,) CE. I. P. 

11 (1851-52) 299-. 

— — , — . [ZeUtche non] Zitz$che, E. 
Schl&milch Z. 5 (I860) 89-, 895- ; 6 (1861) 
878-; Z. Mth. Ps. 10 (1865) 194-, 282-, 
887-; 12 (1867) 892-; 18 (1868) 1-, 850-, 
451- ; 15 (1870) 66-, 186-. 

, — . Oueroutt A, Lum. filect. 8 (•1888) 

257-, 294-, 882-, 858-, 898-, 428-, 469-. 



History 0010 

Electric telegraph, history to 1887. Fahie, J. J. 

Elect. 12 (1884) 17-, 41-, 59, 88, 106-, 

180-, 165-, 188-, 201-, 259-, 297-, 499-, 

526, 598-, 611. 
, — . BHght, (Sir) C. [1887] Tel. E. J. 

16 (1888) 7-. 
, — . Anon, Tel. J. 21 (1887) 105-, 

189-, 161-, 190-. 
in India, early history. Luke, P, V, 

[1891] L Elect. E. J. 20 (1892) 102-. 
, invention. Qovi, G. Tor. At. Ac. Sc. 

8 (1867-68) 425-. 
, — by Salv&. Janer, F. [1888] (xn) 

Barcel. Ac. Mm. 1 (1878) 58-. 

— — , Joseph Henry's connection with. 
Taylor, W. B. Smiths. Bp. (1878) 262-. 

— — , recent progress. T., E. de, Lum. 
Elect. 6 (^1882) 449-, 470-, 498-, 619-, 
544-, 568-, 592-; 7 (^1882) 62-, 90-, 107-, 
129-, 152-, 182-, 204-, 280-, 252-, 278-. 

, submarine, and Professor Morse. Anon, 

Tel. J. 1 (^1864) 265-. 

— — , — , retrospect of 60 years. Ayrton, 
W. E, Elect. 88 (1897) 545-. 

— — and telephone, inventors. Gray, T. 
Smiths. Bp. (1892) 689-. 

— traction, Alexander Bessolo, real inventor. 
Tanner, A. M, Tel. J. 28 (1891) 779, 814- ; 
29 (1891) 588. 

Electricity. C. (vi Adds,) Tilloch Ph. Mg. 

58 (1821) 187-. 
— . (Inaugural address.) Atkine, (Rev,) E, 

[1888] (xn) Leic. S. T. (1888-84) 68. 
— , applications since 1881. Badoureau, A, 

Bv. Sc. 10 (1898) 769-. 
— , — during century. Preece, W, H, [1898] 

I. Elect. E. J. 22 (1894) 86-. 
— , — , Emperor's prize for. Durruu, J. B, 

A. T^l. 7 (1864) 718-. 
— , — , historical note. Maison, — . (vi 

Adds,) Aube Mm. S. Ag. 28 (1859) 288-. 
— , — , progress in. Thompson, S, P. [1899] 

I. Elect. E. J. 29 (1900) 14-. 
— , — , . Heavieide, A, W, I. Elect. 

E. J. 29 (1900) 900-. 
— , applied, date of some modem discoveries. 

Zantedeschi, F. Yen. At. 14 (1868-69) 351-. 

— by contact of metals, Bennet before 1789, 
Cavallo before 1795. Nicholson, W. Nichol- 
son J. 1 (1802) 184-. 

-», development of science. Adams, W, G, 

Tel. E. J. 18 (1884) 4-. 
— , . Gray, T. [1897] Science 7 

(1898) 861-, 402-. 

— in England, 1848. Delarive, A, Arch, de 
PElectr. 8 (1848) 888-. 

— , exhibition, Munich, historical apparatus. 
Guerout, A, Lum. Elect. 9 (•1888) 898-. 

— , galvanism, magnetism and the t^egraph, 
history. MotUlay, P. F, Lum. Elect. 40 
(1891) 58-, 174-, 470-, 620- ; 48 (1892) 
221-, 518-, 618- ; 48 (1898) 220-, 820-, 
422-, 522-, 565-, 609- ; 49 (1898) 71-, 866-, 
419-. 

— , knowledge of ancients. Falconer, W, 
[1788] Manch. Ph. S. Mm. 8 (1790) 278-. 

— , . Baronio, G, Mil. G. S. Inc. 4 

(1808) 160-, 400- ; 5 (1809) 859-. 



0010 HistoTy 

Eleetricity, knowledge of anoiente of Italy. 

BauiUet, A. F. A. T^l. 6 (1863) 47-. 
— , magnetism and heat, mathematical theories, 

recent progress. WheweU, W, B. A. Bp. 

(1835) 1-. 
— , lightning, historical. (T. H. Martin's 

book, 1866.) ^ofiJi;, Ad. J. Sav. (1866) 

613-. 

— and potential theory, historical notes. 
Hoppe, E. [1884] Hamb. Mth. Os. Mt. 1 
(1889) 97-. 

— , present knowledge. Delarive, A. Arch, de 

PElectr. 1 (1841) 1-. 
— , . ThrelfaU, R. Aust. As. Bp. (1890) 

27-. 
— , production by evaporation, and of evapora- 
tion by electricity, historical sketch . Sturgeon, 

W. Stoigeon A. Electr. 8 (1842) 177-, 353-. 
— -progress in 1880. Iht iloncel, T. Lum. 

Elect. 3 (^1881) 3-, 33-. 
— , 1881. Du Moncel, T. Lum. Elect. 

6 (•1882) 2-, 25-. 
— , 1882. Du Moncel, T. Lum. Elect. 

8 (•1883) 1-, 33-. 
— , 1883. Du Moncd, T. Lum. Elect. 

11 (1884) 4-, 101-. 
— , 1883-84. Stephan, —. Elekttech. 

Z. 5 (1884) 425-. 
— , 1888. Meylan, E. Lum. Elect. 31 

(1889) 7-, 51-. 
— , 1890. Ledeboer, P. H, Lum. Elect. 

39 (1891) 7-. 
— , 1891. Ledeboer, P. H. Lum. Elect. 

43 (1892) 7-. 
— , 1892. Ledeboer, P. H. Lum. Elect. 

47 (1893) 7-. , 

— , 1893. Ledeboer, P. H. Lum. Elect. 

51 (1894) 7-. 
~, 1896. Raveau, C. Eclair. Elect. 10 

(1897) 5-. 
— , . PeUiitier, G, Eclair. Elect. 10 

(1897) 49-. 
— , . Hets, A. Eclair. Elect. 10 

(1897) 97-. 
— , 1887-97. Thonuon, E, Smiths. Bp. 

(1897) 125-. 

— , 1897. Baveauj C, Eclair. Elect. 14 

(1898) 5-. ^ ^ 

— , . Reyv<Ut J. Eclair. Elect. 14 

(1898) 49-. 

— , — . Houston, E. J. Franklin I. J. 148 

(1899) 346-. 

— , — . TieUe, O. Ven. Aten. 2 (1899) 108-. 
— , — in 1899. Raveau, C, l^clair. Elect. 

22 (1900) 21-. 
— , — since 1743, with especial reference to 

Amer. Phil. Soc. Barker, G, F. Am. Ph. 

8. P. [32] (1894) 104-. 
— , — , recent. Everett, J. D. [1896] Belfast 

NH. S. Bp. A P. (1896-97) 17-. 
— , — , — . (Inaugural address.) Mance, {Sir) 

H. [1897] L Elect. E. J. 26 (1898) 8-. 
— . statical, first steps. PelUssier, G. Lum. 

Elect. 20 (1886) 65-, 159-, 305-, 342-, 398-. 

— before Volta. Fodar, E, de. Cztg. Opt. 
21 (1900) 5-, 15-, 25-, 34-, 44-. 

Electrochemical industries, progress. Swan, 
J. W. [1896] L Elect. E. J. 27 (1899) 8-. 



History 0010 

Electrochemical researches, Brande's. Krau», 
F,, & ReitUnger, E. Wien SB. 46 (Ab. 2) 
(1863) 367-. 

EUectrochemistry, landmarks in history. Gee, 
W, W, H, Elect. 31 (1893) 500-, 519-, 549-. 

Electrodvnamic theories and analogies. (Presi- 
dential address.) Bragg, W. H. Aust. As. 
Bp. (1892) 31-. 

Electrolytic conduction, authorship of theory. 
Claunui, — . B. A. Bp. (1888) 346-. 

Electromagnetic engines for propelling ma- 
chinery, historical sketch. Sturgeon, W. 
Sturgeon A. Electr. 3 (183&-39) 429-. 

— telegraph, discoveiy by Schilling. Hamel, 
J. (VI Adds.) D. Nf. Vsm. B. 33 (1857) 
60-. 

— — , history. Clement-Mullet, J. J. (vi 
Adds.) Aube Mm. S. Ag. 15 (1849-50) 407-. 

Electromagnetism, discoveries, principal, 

history. Zantedeschi, F. Poligrafo 1 (1834) 

18-. 
— , discovery. Zantedeschi, F. Brescia Cm. 

(1832) 31- ; Bm. Cor. Sc. 5 (1859) 245-. 
— , — . Tommasi, D. Les Mondes 5 (1883) 

326-. 
— , — : Oersted's and Bomagnosi's claims. 

Lutteman, H. Tel. J. 17 (1885) 512-. 
— , — : — — Schweigger's claims. Anon. 

(n 87) Z. Mth. Ps. 18 (1873) 609-. 
— , — : . Klein, C. F. A. Ps. C, 

157 (1876) 647-. 

— and electric conduction, discovery. Toepler, 
A. Dresden Isis Festschr. (1885) 169-. 

— , history. Anon, (vi 1183) Thomson A. 

Ph. 2 (1821) 195-, 274-; 3 (1822) 107-. 
— , — . Zantedeschi, F. Brescia Cm. (1840) 

142-. 
— , — . ZeUsche, E. Z. Mth. Ps. 15 (1870) 

66-, 136-. 
— , — . Ebtvlis, (Baron) R. Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 

8 (1891) 460-. 
— , present condition. Anon, (vi 155) Bb. 

It. 58 (1830) 193-. 
— , progress. Negro, S. dal. Poligrafo 1 

(1834) 216-. 
Electrometers, history. PeUissier, G. Lum. 

Elect. 33 (1889) 16-, 73-, 111-, 178-. 
Electro-optics, recent discoveries. Fossati, E. 

Bv. Sc.-Ind. 20 (1888) 125-. 
Electro-physiological current, claim of Italians 

to discovery, and recent discoveries of Du 

Bois-Beymond. Marchiandi, P. Bm. Cor. 

Sc. 2 (1853) 109-. 
Electrotechnics, histoiy of development. 

Rittershaus, T. Civing. 30 (1884) 225-. 

— in Italy, progress. Colombo, G. N. Antol. 
Sc. 172 (1900) 288-. 

— , progress. Wietlisbach, V. Humb. 4 

(1885) 195-, 443-; 5 (1886) 133-, 425-; 6 

(1887) 147-, 389- ; 7 (1888) 147- ; 8 (1889) 

189-. 
Electrotyping, discovery. Stoss, W, Cztg. 

Opt. 10 (1889) 16-, 28-. 
Elemental physics, recent discoveries. Dyer, 

J, C. [1863] (vn) Manch. Lt. Ph. S. P. 

3 (1864) 207-. 
Energy conservation, history of principle. 

Berthold, G. A. Ps. C. 157 (1876) 342-. 



0010 History 

Eolipile, date. Folgheraiter, G, Bm. B. Ao. 

Lino. Bd. 5 (1896) {Sent. 1) S92-. 
Errors in physics, oertain. ThivilUy — de. 

Orleans BU. 6 (1818) 108-. 
Eoler's oontributions to astronomy and physios. 

Hagenbach'Buchoff, E. Basel Yh. 7 (1885) 

{Anh.) 72-. 
Experimental physios, 25 years* progress, 1872- 

97. Appleyard, R. Eleot. Bv. 41 (1897) 

672-. 
Fahrenheit, Daniel Gabriel, and his work (1686 

-1736). Member, A. [1890] Danzig Sohr. 

7 (1888-91) {Heft 3) 108-. 

Faraday, Michael. Rayleigh, {Lard). [1891] 

B. I. P. 13 (1893) 462-. 

— , — , oriticiJ examination of researches. 

Saigey, J. F. Mon. So. 9 (1867) 1025-. 
— , — , as discoverer. Tyndall, J. [1868] B. 

I. P. 5 (1869) 199-. 
— , — , discoveries. Marbach, H, Bresl. Sohl. 

Gs. Ubs. (1847) 27-. 
—, — , — . Bertrand, J, J. Sav. (1869) 5-. 
^, — , and Maxwell, work of, tendency of 

modem electrical research. Ptiptn, M, I. 

Science 2 (1895) 861-. 
Fire-syringe, mvention. Oovi, O, Bm. B. Ac. 

Line. At. 3 (1876) {PU. 2) 41-. 
Fizeau, work on propagation of light. T., L. 

Bv. Quest So. 42 (1897) 209- ; 43 (1898) 36-. 
Fizeaa's scientific work. Camu, A. Par. Bur. 

Long. An. (1898) G. 40 pp. 
Flag signalling. Spratt, J. Nicholson J. 25 

(1810) 325-. 
Foaeaolt, Jean Bernard L6on, work of his last 

years. Sainte Claire-DeviUef H, C. B. 66 

(1868) 33&-. 
Foorier, Jean Baptiste Joseph. Arago, D, F, J. 

Par. Mm. de VI, 14 (1838) Ixix- ; A. G. 67 

(1838) 337-; Smiths. Bp. (1871) 137-. 
Freezing mixtures, historical account. Lipp- 

mann, E, 0. von, Z. Angew. G. (1898) 739-. 
Friese's *'Anweisung zur Physica" (1715). 

Franke, H, Mt. Ostid. 5 (1892J 119-. 
Fusinieri's theories, recent work by others. 

Bassani, C, (xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 7 (1875J 170-. 
Galileo the discoverer of sound-figures. 

Strefdke, F, Pogg. A. 43 (1838) 521-. 
Chilvani, Luigi. Ltnj, — . [1899] Liineb. 

Nt. Vr. Jh. 15 (1901) xiv-. 
— , MSB. Oherardi, S. Bologna Ao. Sc. Mm. 

8 (1868) 3- ; 9 (1869) 147- ; 10 (1870) 463-. 
Galvanic electric telegraph, S. T. von Sdm- 

mering's discovery of the first. S'&mmering, 

(Dr) W. (VI Add$,) Frkf. Jbr. Ps. Vr. 

(1857-58) 23-. 
Galvanism. Salvd, F. [1800] (xn) Baroel. 

Ac. Mm. 1 (1878) 13-. 
— , first discovery. Agardh, C, A. (vi Addt,) 

Lund Phys. Sallsk. Irsb. (1823) 84. 
— , history. Bostoek, J, Nicholson J. 2 (1802) 

296-; 3 (1802) 8-. 
— , — . Disormeif C. B,, dt HcichetU, — . A. 

C. 44 (1802) 267-. 

— , origin, progress and present state. Donovan, 
M, TiUoch Ph. Mg. 45 (1815) 222-, 308-. 

^, progress, 1837-47. BeeU, W, Bpm. Ps. 8 
(1849) 1-. 



0010 History 

(Galvanism and other scientific pursuits, state in 
Germany. M„Q, NicholsonJ. 4 (1801)511-. 

Galvanometer, history. Petruievskij, T. T. 
Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 22 (Ps.) (1890) 144-. 

Gas-lighting, discovery by Glayton before 1664. 
Webster, J, Nicholson J. 16 (1807) 83-. 

Gauss, contributions to physics. Seydler, A. 

Casopis 6 CIS??) 191-. 

— and investigation of terrestrial magnetism. 
ScheHng, E, G6tt. Ab. 34 (1887) (Mth.) 
79 pp. 

Geissler and his tubes. Scheck, — . [1890] 

Kassel Vr. Nt. B. 36 & 37 (1891) 47-. 
Germany, recent experiments in. Fortkomme, 

— . Madrid Bv. 12 (1862) 149-. 
Giambattista della Porta, 1538-1615, work. 

Beck, T, Giving. 38 (1892) 189-. 
Gilbert, William, of Golchester, life and works. 

Thompson, S. P. Essex Ntlist. 5 (1891) 50-. 
Greeks and experiment in physics. MiUler, J. 

Innsb. Nt. Md. B. 23 (1897) 33-. 
Guericke, Otto von. Hochheim, — . D. Nf. 

Tbl. (1884) 30-. 
— , — — , oiscoveries. Blath, — . Magdeb. 

Nt. Vr. Jbr. u. Ab. (1896-98) 49-. 
— , , and the forces of nature. Zerener, 

H, Bv. Sc. 2 (1882) 592-. 
— , , work in electricity. Oerlcmd, A,W,E. 

(xn) Elekttech. Z. 4 (1883) 249-, 281-. 
Heat, Baconian philosophy. Akin, C, K, 

J. Sc. 2 (1880) 686-. 
— , dynamical tneory, Poncelet's claims. Sotel, 

Q. Bv. Sc. 44 (1889) 379-. 
— , , S^guin*s claims. A,,R. Bv. Sc. 44 

(1889) 244-. 
— , specific, origin of measurement of CJC^, 

Maneuvrier, G. Par. S. Ps. S^. (1895) 233-. 
Helmholtz and modem science in Germany. 

K»nig, G. Mag. Tud. Ak. il^ts. 6 (1895) 

356-. 
Helmholtz's " Gonservation of Energy,'* 

jubilee. Warburg, E, Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. 

(1897) 151-. 

— last works. Gruzincev, A, P, Kharkov 
Mth. S. Gom. 5 (1896?) 16-. 

Hero of Alexandria, influence on 17th century. 

Schmidt, W. Z. Mth. Ps. 42 (1897) (Suppl.) 

195-. 
, Vitruvius*s and the Bomans' debt to. 

Schmidt, W. Bb. Mth. 1 (1900) 297-. 
, work. Beck, T. Giving. 32 (1886) 401-. 

— — — , — on the level hitherto unpub- 
lished translated from the Greek. Venturi, 
G. Bologna Mm. I. It. 1 (1813) {pte, 2) 
{MoraU) 231-. 

Hertz, Heinrich, and his discoveries. Evers, 
— . [1894] Danzig Schr. 9 (1895-98) {Heft 

1) XXV-. 

—, — , work. Lodge, O. B. I. P. 14 (1896) 

321-. 
Huygens, Ghristian. Bosscha, J, Bv. Sc. 4 

(1895) 609- ; Aich. N^ri. 29 (1896) 352-; 

Giel et Terre 17 (1896-97) 173-, 202-, 289-. 
— , — , correspondence published by Ghasles. 

Harting, P. G. B. 65 (1867) 987-. 
— , — , . Harting, P., Kaiser, F,, 

dt Bosscha, J. Arch. Mth. Ps. 49 (1869) 81-. 



8 



0010 History 

Huygens, Christian, oorrespondence and works. 
Bierem de Haan, D. As. Fr. G. B. (1889) 
(Pt. 2) 233- ; (1892) {Pt. 2) 169-. 

— , Constantijn, and Descartes, oorrespond- 
ence. Korteweg, D. J, Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 4 
(1888) 253-. 

Incandescent lamps, origin. Changy, C, de. 
Lam. Elect. 6 (*1882) 580-. 

— flighting, history. CUmenceau^ P. Lum. 
Elect. 14 (1884) 121-. 

Induction coil, history. Du MonceL^ T, Lum. 

6lect. 7 (♦1882) 623-. 
Italian physics, 16th and 17th centuries. 

Boncompagni, B, G. Arcad. 109 (1846) 3-. 
. 1858. ZarUedesehi, F. II Tempo 3 

(1859) 34-, 112-, 260-, 463-; 4 (1860) 62-, 

184-. 
Joule, James Presoott, memoir. Reynolds^ O. 

Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. a^ P. 6 (1892) 

196 pp. 
Joule's scientific work. Dewar^ J. [1890] 

B. I. P. 13 (1893) 1-. 

— work in development of modem science. 
MarHnotH, G, Bv. Sc.-Ind. 22 (1890) 93-. 

Jxmgius, Joachim, and revival of atomistic 
theories in 17th century. WohlwiU,E. Hamb. 
Nt. Vr. Ab. 10 (1887) No. 2, 66 pp. 

Kelvin, Lord, researches. G., G. F. F. Elect. 
37 (1896) 233-. 

Lagrajige, letters, published by Boncompagni. 
Govt, G. Nap. Bd. 19 (1880) 78-. 

Lamps in 18th century, history. Arum. Cztg. 
Opt. 9 (1888) 28-, 60-, 64-. 

Iieibnitz and Huygens, oorrespondence with 
Papin. Frege, G. Jena. Sb. (1881) 29-. 

Leibnitz's connection with physics and me- 
chanics. Gerland, E. Bb. Mth. 1 (1900) 
421-. 

Lenses and mirrors, ancient knowledge of pro- 
perties. Hanks, H. G. As. S. Pac. Pb. 3 
(1891) 133-. 

, . Holden, E. S. As. S. 

Pac. Pb. 3 (1891) 136-. 

, . Stringham, I. As. S. 

Pac. Pb. 3 (1891) 136-. 

, . Dreyer, J. L. E. As. 

S. Pac. Pb. 3 (1891) 240. 

— ~~ — , — . Sehiaparelli, J. V. 

As. S. Pac. Pb. 3 (1891) 240-. 

Leonardo da Vinci, 1452-1519. Nticharzenski, 

F. Bv. 8c. 36 (1885) 208-, 242-^ 

. Henry, C. Bv. Sc. 36 (1885) 350-. 

. Beck, T. Giving. 34 (1888) 25-; 

39 (1893) 587-; 42 (1896) 401-. 

. SMlles, G. Bv. Sc. 48 (1891) 237-. 

. Ferenczy, M. Gztg. Opt. 16 (1895) 

97-, 109-. 
and function of the eye. Elsasser, W. 

Z. Mth. Ps. 45 (1900) (HAt. Ah.) 1-. 

— — — — invention of camera obscura. 
MUntz, E. Bv. Sc. 10 (1898) 545-. 

Light. SneUm, H. Ndl. Gast. Oogl. Vs. 28- 

32 (1887-91) No. 120, 9 pp. 
— , gradation, Bouguer on. Bottondey, J. 

Manch. Lt. Ph. S. P. 23 (1884) 46-. 
— , heat and colour, ancient and modem 

theories. Allen, S. M. [1873] (ix) Essex 

I. BU. 5 (1874) 17-. 



History 0010 

Light, recent discoveries. Biot, J. B. J. de 

Ps. 76 (1813) 129-. 
— , velocity, historical sketch. Delaunay, C. E. 

Par. Bur. Long. An. ('1865) 393-. 
Lighthouse progress, 1887 to 1897. Kenward, J. 

Nt. 56 (1897) 282-. 
Linear expansion, Lavoisier and Laplace's 

apparatus for measuring. Grimaux, E, 

G. B. 114 (1892) 208-. 
Locomotive, modem. Hirsch, J. [1896] A. 

Gons. Arts et M^t. 9 (1897) 208-. 
Lorenz's ' * (Euvres scientifiques. ' ' Volentiner, 

H. Kj^. Ov. (1896) 440- ; (1898) 277-. 
Magnetic attraction and repulsion and electric 

attraction, observations and theories of 

ancients. Martin, T. H. Bm. At. N. Line. 

18 (1865) 17-. 97-. 

— curves, historical researches. Wartmann, 

E. Laus. BU. S. Vd. 1 (1842-45) 45-. 

— field, early conception. Houston, E. J» 
Franklin I. J. 133 (1892) 208-. 

— force, historical notes. Berghaus, A. Gztg. 
Opt. 15 (1894) 1-. 

— lines of force and Ampere's hypothesis. 
Anon. Gztg. Opt. 4 (•1883) 152-. 

— properties, first discoveries. Volpicelli, P. 
Bm. At. N. Line. 19 (1866) 205-. 

Magnetism, historical notes. Anon, (xi 73) 

Smiths. Bp. (1863) 286-. 
— , . Smith, W. Elect. 16 (1886) 128-, 

148-, 176-, 197-. 
— , recent discoveries. Erdmann, O. L. Erdm. 

J. Pr. G. 49 (1850) 1-. 
Magneto-electric ana dynamo-ele9tric machines, 

history. Guerout, A. Lum. Elect. 7 (•1882) 

5-. 
Marat as physicist. B., A. Bv. Sc. 11 (1899) 

719-. 
Marci, Joannes Marcus (Jan Marck). Ldska, 

W. Z. Mth. Ps. 35 (1890) (H.-lt. Ah.\ 1-. 
— , ( ), life and works. St%tanwka, 

F. J. Bdhm. Gs. Ws. Jbr. (1890) xxxii pp. 
Marconi receiver, history. Tolmnei^ G. Bv. 

Sc. Ind. 29 (1897) 232-. 
Matter, histoiy of knowledge of. Chevreul, 

M. E. G. B. 85 (1877) 733-, 769-, 826-, 

875-, 920- ; Par. Ac. Sc. Mm. 39 (1877) 

321-. 
MedisBval physics. Curtze, M. Bb. Mth. 1 

(1900) 51-. 
Methods and conquests of physics. BatteUi, A. 

Bv. Sc. [Ind.] 30 (1898) 1-. 
Micheli du Grest, Jean Barth^lemy, 1690- 

1766, work in thermometry. Grt^, J, H. 

Bem Mt. (1890) xv-. 
Microphone, Mousson's work, jR/(/!t, J. Bem 

Mt. (1891) xi-. 
Microscope, American, early. Seaman, W, H. 

Am. Mer. S. P. 14 (1892) 156-. 
— , Amici's, 1841. Amid, G. B. Mcr. S. J. 

(1900) 627-. 
— , binocular, 17th century. West, C, E. Am. 

S. Mcr. P. 12 (1890) 57-. 
— , Brewster's. Nelson, E. M. [1897] Mcr. 

S. J. (1898) 123-. 

— of Gharies I. Anon, Mcr. S. J. (1889) 440-. 
— , de Ghaulnes's. Anon. Mcr. S. J. (1889) 

118-. 



0010 History 

Microscope, de Ghaulnes's. Anon. Mor. S. J. 

(1889) 442-. 

— , compendious pocket, Adams's. Anon, 

Mcr. 8. J. (1899) 632-. 
— , compound, Oampani's. Anon, Mcr. S. J. 

(1888) 109-. 
— , — , development. Nelson, E, M, Mcr. 

S. J. (1888) lae-. 
— , — , Galileo's. Govt, Q, Nap. Ac. At. 2 

(1888) i^^o. 1, 33 pp. 
— , — , invention. MayaU, J, Ijun.) [1888] 

Mcr. S. J. (1889) 163-. 
— , — , — . SaccardOf P, A, Malpighia 6 

(1891) 40-. 
— , Cuff's, 1766. Ndion, E, M, Mcr. S. J. 

(1898) 676-. 

— of Gulpeper type, about 1800. Henrieit J. F, , 
dt Mellor, C, C, Am. S. Mcr. P. 10 (1888) 
140-. 

— , discoverer. Harting, P,, db Matthet, C. J, 

Amst. Vs. Ak. 1 (1863) 64-. 
— , discovery. Rezzi, L, M, Rm. At. 6 (1861 

-62) 98-. 

— of Eustachio Divini, 1671. Saceardo, P. A, 
Ven. I. At. (1890-91) 817-. 

— , French, old. NeUon, E, M, Mcr. S. J. 

(1898) 674-. 

— , history. Wietner, J, Wien Schr. Vr. Nw. 

Eennt. 4 (1863-64) 163-. 
— , — . Nelson, E, M. [1886] Quek. Mcr. 

01. J. 2 (1886) 222-. 
— , — . West, C, E. Am. S. Mcr. P. (1886) 

161-. 
— , — . Mayall, J, (jun.) Mcr. S. J. (1887) 

633-. 
— , — . Martini, T. Rv. Sc.-Ind. 23 (1891) 

160-. 
— , — , early. Aldous, T. D, [1892] Croydon 

Mcr. CI. P. A T. 4 (1900) 1-. 
— , Italian, old. Anon, Mcr. S. J. (1889) 696. 
—, Joblot's. Anon, Mcr. S. J. (1888) 640. 
— , Lindsay's simple. Anon, Mcr. S. J. 

(1887) 293-. 
—, Martin's, 1760. Anon. Mcr. S. J. (1899) 213-. 
— , Musschenbroek's. Anon, Mcr. S. J. 6 

(1886) 1049-. 

— with nose-piece, old. Anon, Mcr. S. J. 

(1890) 88-. 

— , patents connected with, 1666-1800. Brown, 

W, H, Mcr. S. J. (1896) 267-. 
— , Pldssl, old. Nelson, E. M. Mcr. S. J. 

(1900) 269. 
— , Powell, old. Nelson, E, M, Mcr. S. J. 

(1896) 707-. 
— , Powell's iron, 1838-40. Nelson, E. M, 

Mcr. S. J. (1899) 209-, 336-. 

— presented by Linnsus to Bernard Jussieu in 
1738. Henrici, J. F, Am. S. Mcr. P. (1887) 
214-. 

— , Ross, early form, 1842-43. Anon. Mcr. S. 
J. (1899) 214-. 

— and telescope, histoiy. Houzeau, J, C, 
Brux. S. Big. Mcr. Bll. 13 (1886) 90-. 

— , universal, Russwurm's. Anon. Mcr. S. J. 

(1899) 629-. 

— of Zeiss, and 300 years' history. Martenson, 
J. [1889] Phm. Z. Russl. 29 (1890) 146-, 
161-, 177-, 193-, 224. 



0010 



Microscopes, early, application of microscopy. 
Lamb, J. M, Am. S. Mcr. P. 13 (1891) 13-. 
— , Galileo's. Anon, Mcr. S. J. (1888) 639-. 
— , hand-, 8 small. Nelson, E. M, Mcr. S. J. 

(1899) 643-. 

— , Leeuwenhoek's. Anon, Micr. S. J. 6 

(1886) 1047-. 
— , 2 old. Anon. Mcr. S. J. (1898) 473-. 
— , (.^4ftms, 1771 ; Martin, 1776). Anon. 

Mcr. S. J. (1899) 324-. 

— of Powell, Ross and Smith. Nelson, E. M. 
Mcr. S. J. (1900) 282-, 426-, 660-. 

— , Schott's. Anon. Mcr. S. J. (1887) 148-. 
— , — . Anon. Mcr. S. J. (1887) 804-. 
Microscopical Club, Quekett, histoiy. Cooke, 

M. C, [1899] Quek. Mcr. CI. J. 7 (1900) 

229-. 
Mirrors, glass, ancient. Berthelot, — . A. C. 

16 (1898) 433-. 
Music, Aristides on. Vincent, A, J. H. Rm. 

At. 18 (1866) 366-. 
Musical scale and harmony. PillaiU, L. Rv. 

Sc. 36 (1886) 6-. 
Natural science, present position. Windisch- 

mann, K, J, Schelling N. Z. Spec. Ps. 1 

(1802) {St. 1) 78-. 
Nautical instruments in use at time of great 

discoveries. SchiUk,A. Cztg. Opt. 14 (1893) 

133-. 
Newton, Sir Isaac, Brewster's Life of. Biot, 

J. B. J. Sav. (1832) 193-, 263-; (1866) 

689-, 662-. 
— , , and his correspondence with Cotes. 

Biot, J. B. J. Sav. (1862) 133-, 217-, 269-. 
Newton's •*Principia." HeUer, A. Termt. 

E6zl. 19 (1887) 49-. 
. Volkmann, P, Eonigsb. Schr. 39 

(1898) 1-. 
, 2nd edition, Cotes's preface, 1713. 

Plana, O, Tor. Mm. Ac. 19 (1861) Ixiv-. 
, Hegel's criticism. Whewell, W, Camb. 

Ph. S. T. 8 (1849) 696-. 
, MS. of Newton's on. Gregory, J. C. 

[1829] Edinb. R. S. T. 12 (1834) 66-. 
Objective, achromatic, Beeldsnyder's. Anon. 

Mcr. S. J. 6 (1886) 1060. 
Ohm, Georg Simon, centenary. Herz, C. 

Lum. ]^lect. 33 (1889) 61-. 
—, theories. MUhll, K, von der. [1892] Basel 

Vh. 10 (1896) 37-. 
— , treatise on galvanic current. HeUer, A, 

Mth. Termt Ets. 11 (1893) 214- ; Mth. Nt. 

B. Ung. 11 (1894) 397. 
Optic and catoptric anamorphoses, history. 

Ruoss, H. Z. Mth. Ps. 39 (1894) {H.-lt. 

Ab.) 1-. 
Optical curiosities of literature. Brakey, S. L, 

M. Mcr. J. 7 (1872) 222-. 

— projection. Pretty, W. H, Elect. 38 (1897) 
630-, 680-, 679-. 

— researches, Goethe's. Kdnig, W. Ps. Z. 1 

(1900) 464-, 467-. 

Optics of ancients. Venturi, 0. Bologna Mm. 

I. It. 1 (1813) (pu. 2) (MoraU) 166-. 
, of Young and of Fresnel. Duhem, P. 

Brux. S. Sc. A. 19 (1896) (Pt, 2) 27- ; 20 

(1896) {Pt. 2) 27-. 



10 



0010 History 

Optics, book on, "Oonlns artifioiaUs," 1702. 

Afum. Mor. S. J. (1898) 381-. 
— , Enclid'B. Heiberg, J. L. Kj£fb. Ov. (1896) 

117-. 
— , Fresnel's work. Camu^ A. Par. Bur. 

Long. An. (1896) B. 85 pp. 
— , fimdamental propositions, notes, chiefly 

historical. BayUigh, (Lord), Ph. Mg. 21 

(1886) 466-. 
— , historical note. Brewster, (Sir) D. C. B. 

51 (1860) 425-, 467. 
— , : polarisation. Biot, J. B, [1842] 

C. B. 15 (1842) 962-; A. G. 59 (I860) S26-. 
— , history and ueoiy. Venturis G, Brogna- 

telli G. 8 (1815) 45-, 147-. 
^, present state. Lloyd, H. B. A. Bp. (1834) 

29^. 

— of Ptolemy. Egger,—, C. B. 71 (1870) 465-. 
(4 books). Egger, — . C. B. 73 

(1871) 159-. 

. Nardueci, H. Bb. Mth. (1888) 97-. 

, Euclid, Alhazen (Ibn-el-Haitam) and 

Vitellio. Delamhre, J. B, J. Bb. Brit. 48 

(1811) 195-. 
, — , — ( ) (Delambre). 

MoUweide, C, GUbert A. 40 (1812) 460-. 
— , recent progress. Brewster, \Sir) D, B. A. 

Bp. (1831-32) 308-. 
Origin of modem physics. NavtUe, E, Bv. 

So. 8 (1875) 1077-. 
physics. Terquem, A, [1883] Bv. Sc. 

6 (1883) 801- ; 7 (1884) 10-. 
Pftpin, D^nis. Heydenreich, E, Z. Mth. Ps. 

43 (1898) [H.-lt, Ah,) 130-. 
— , — , documents relating to his visit to Venice. 

Daubree, G. A, 0. B. 94 (1882) 53-. 
Pascal and discovery of gravitation. Hankel, 

H, Z. Mth. Ps. 14 (1869) 165-. 
— , documents attributed to. Blanchardf E, 

C. B. 65 (1867) 329-. 
Period circa 1430 a.d. , historical note. Beck, T. 

Giving. 38 (1892) 617-. 
Photography, evolution. Londe, A. As. Fr. 

C. B. (1889) {Pt. 1) 146-. 
— , invention. ChevreuL, M. E, J. Sav. (1873) 

65-, 277-. 
— , progress, 1839-89. Scknauss, J, Lpldina. 

25 (1889) 149-. 
— , — , 1891-92. Sehnausst J. Lpldina. 29 

(1893) 72-. 
Physical research, leading ideas in 19th century. 

HeUer, A. Termt. Kdzl. 20 (1888) 257-. 

— science at close of 18th century. Thomsen, 
J. Kj/tfb. Ov. (1894) 3S-. 

— — , development. * Terquem, — . [1883] 
Lille S. Wool. 14 (•1885) 391-. 

— sciences, improvements in 1813. Thomson, 
T. Thomson A. Ph. 3 (1814) 1-. 

, — . Thomson, T. Thomson A. Ph. 5 

(1815) 1-. 
, — in 1815. Thomson^ T. Thomson A. 

Ph. 7 (1816) 1-. 
, 1816. Thomson, T. Thomson A. 

Ph. 9 (1817) 1-. 
, 1817-18. Thomson, T. Thomson 

A. Ph. 12 (1818) 1-. 
, 1819. Thomson, T. Thomson A. 

Ph. 16 (1620) 1-, 80-. 



History 0010 

Physical sciences, improvements and applica- 
tion. Lyle, — . Aust. As. Bp. (1891) 22-. 

, progress, reports. Tyndall, J. Ph. Mg. 

3 (1852) 81-. 

Physico-cnemical experiments and observations, 
priority claim. Bellani, A, (vi Adds,) Ma- 
jocchi A. Fis. C. 8 (1842) 255- ; 9 (1843) 76-. 

Physico-mathematical sciences, progress, report. 
Fourier, J, B, J. J. de Ps. 96 (1822) 145-, 
289-. 

Physics in 14th century. Curtze, M, Bb. Mth. 
10 (1896) 43-. 

•^ at close of 18th century. Kdnig, W, Frkf . a. 
M. Ps. Vr. Jbr. (1899-1900) 127-. 

— in 19th century, history. HeUer, A, Mth. 

Termt. £ts. 7 (1889) 292-; Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 

7 (1890) 359-. 
— , progress, 1859-69. Albrich, C, Hermstdt. 

Vh. 20 (1869) 88-, 99-. 
— , — . Krebs, C. Humb. 4 (1885) 28-, 320- ; 

5 (1886) 20-, 293-. 
— , — . Beis, P, Humb. 6 (1887) 183-, 221-, 

424- ; 7 (1888) 265-, 464-. 
— , — . Fuehs, K, von, Humb. 9 (1890) 230-, 

416-. 
— , — , recent. MilUer, (Dr,) J. Smiths. Bp. 

(1866) 357- ; (1867) 367- ; (1858) 333-. 
— , — , — . (Presidential address.) Bayleigh, 

(Lord). B. A. Bp. (1884) 1-. 
— , — , — . Fabian, 0. Kosmos (Lw.) 15 

(1890) 1-. 
—,—, record, 1884-86. Barker, G,F. Smiths. 

Bp. (1884) 433-; (1885) 577-; (1887) 

827-. 
— , — due to savants of Burgundy. Brunhes, J, 

Dijon Ac. Sc. Mm. 2 (1891) 273-. 
Pitch, determination, historic account. Schu- 

bnng, — . Z. Nw. 58 (1885) 292-. 
Pliicker, works. Bertrand, J. J. Sav. (1867) 

269-. 
Polygraphic discoveries, history. Perger, A, 

von. Wien SB. 28 (1858) 289-. 
Problems of a history of physics. Heller, A. 

Z. Mth. Ps. 44 (1899) (Suppl.) 175-. 
Badlant energy, history. Langley, S, P, Am. 

As. P. (1888) 1-. 
, — . Bayleigh, (Lord), Ph. Mg. 27 

(1889) 265-. 

— heat, Prevost*8 researches. La Bive, L, de. 
[1890] Gen. S. Ps. Mm. SuppU (1891) No, 2, 
28 pp. 

Bainbow, reproduction of 16th century work by 

Benedict Spinoza. Bier ens de Haan, D, N. 

Arch. Wisk. 11 (1884) 61-. 
Beoalescence, historical note. Barrett, W, F, 

Nt. 60 (1899) 173. 
_, . Roberts-Austen, W. C. Nt. 60 

(1899) 173-. 
Beflexion and refraction of light, Cauchy*s 

theory. Walker, J, L. Ps. S. P. 8 (1887) 

146- ; Ph. Mg. 23 (1887) 151-. 
Befraction, lateral, historic note. Gilnther, S. 

Erlang. Ps. Md. S. Sb. 6 (1874) 138-. 
Betrospect, historical. Berghaus, A, Cztg. 

Opt. 14 (1893) 253-, 266-. 
Bey, Jean, ** Essays," 1630. HaUopeau, L. A,s 

db Poisson, A, Bv. Sc. 46 (1890) 332-. 



11 



0010 History 

Bitter, J. W., founder of scientific electro- 
chemistry. Ostwaldt W, Eclair. Elect. 1 
(1894) 450-. 

Bomieu, J. B., 1723-66, scientific works. 
Roche, E. A. [1877-78] Mntp. Ac. Mm. 9 
(1876-79) 255-. 

Bnmford, Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count of, 
scientific discoveries. WiUiamSj W. M, 
[1871] B. I. P. 6 (1872) 227-. 

Science, borderland oi. Heller, A. Humb. 
4 (1885) 9-. 

— , developments since 1743. Fraley, F. Am. 
Ph. S. P. [32] (1894) 17-. 

— of philosophers and art of thaumaturgists of 
antiquity. Rochcu d^Aiglun, A. de, (xn) 
Is^re S. BU. 11 (1882) 91-. 

Scientific fancies of 17th century. Rochas, 

A. de. Bv. Sc. 47 (1891) 239-. 

— notes. Russell, H. C, [1875] N. S. W. 

B. S. T. & P. 9 (1876) 135^. 

Sguario, Eusebio, Italian precursor of Franklin. 

Govt, G. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 5 (1889) 

{Sem, 1) 138-. 
Shutter signalling before days of electricity. 

Groi;«, T. B, Dorset FC. P. 11 (1890) 

135-. 
Sirens, history. Rausch, — . Oiessen Oberh. 

Gs. B. 29 (1893) 138. 
Spectacles, histoiy. Pansier, — . Yauc. Ac. 

Mm. 19 (1900) 227-, 277-. 
— , telescope and microscope, history. Lands- 
berg, C. Cztg. Opt. 11 |l890) 265-, 277-. 
Spectroscopy. ZarUedescht, F, Bm. Bll. Met. 

2 (^863) 59- ; Yen. At. 10 (1864-65) 1286-. 
Spectrum analysis. Forthomme, — . (vn) 

Nancy Mm. Ac. Stanislas (1863) liv-. 
. Brewster, (Sir) D. C. B. 62 (1866) 

17-. 
. Talbot, W. U, F. [1871] Edinb. B. 

S. P. 7 (1872) 461-. 

. Stokes, G. G. Nt. 13 (1876) 188-. 

. CrouUebois, M. [1878] (xn) Doubs 

S. Mm. 3 (1879) 269-. 
. Stewart, P. [1879] Nt. 21 (1880) 

35-. 

— observed by Newton. Kahlbaum, G. W, A. 
Basel Yh. 8 (1890) 884-. 

— , pure, formation by Newton. Griffith, G. 

B. A. Bp. (1885) 940-. 
— , — , Newton*s use of slit and lens in 

forming. Johnson, A, [1891] On. B. S. P. 

& T. 9 (1892) (Sect. 3) 49-. 
Steam engine, atmospheric, of 1786. K, 

Oestr. Z. Brgw. 33 (1885) 296-. 

— — constructed in 1763 by J. Polaunov. 
Wqjekoff, N. N, [1883] Fschr. Ps. (^1884) 
(Ab. 2) 318. 

. Lermantov, V. Bs. 

Ps.-C. S. J. 16 (Ps.) (1884) 263-; J. de Ps. 

4 (1885) 594-. 
' — — , Him*s. Orosseteste, W, Mulhouse 

S. In. Bll. 60 (1890) 255-. 
, history. Andre, «/". B. Bv. Quest. Sc. 

10 (•1881) 186-, 43^. 
, — . Dwelshauvers-Dery, V, Bv. Un. 

Mines 7 (1889) 113-, 225-. 
and navi^tion, early history. Carter, 

W, A, [1890] Sc. S. Arts T. 13 (1894) 15-. 



0010 



steam navigation, first century of. Raineri, 8, 

Yen. Aten. 1 (1889) 41-. 
Stereoscopic picture executed in 16th century 

by Jacopo Chimenti. Brewster, (Sir) D. 

[1862] (VI Adds.) Pht. S. J. 8 (1864) 9-. 
Strehlke, Priedrich. Momber, A. [1897] 

Danzig Schr. 9 (1895-98) {Hefte 3 & 4) 

xxxxviii-. 
Svritzerland, history of mathematics and physics. 

Wolf, R. Bern Mt. (1847) 68-. 
Teaching, physical, 17th and 18th centuries. 

Cranz, H. Wiirtb. Jh. 40 (1884) 32-. 
Technics, progress. Schwartze,\T. Humb. 4 

(1885) 250-, 48^- ; 5 (1886) 182-. 
Telegraphic Journal and Electrical Beview, 

1831-72. Mordey, W, M. Elect. Bv. 41 

(1897) 687-. 
Telephone, Gushman the inventor. Barney, 

W. C. Tel. J. 23 (1888) 358-. 
— , a German invention. Hartmann, E. Frkf . 

a. M. Ps. Yr. Jbr. (1897-98) 79-. 
— , history. Richard, G. Lum. Elect. 21 

(1886) 304-. 

— , invention. Dm Moncel, T, Lum. Elect. 6 
(•1882) 97- ; 10 (^1883) 385-, 545-. 

— of Philipp Beis and its history. Hartmann, 
E. Frkf. a. M. Ps. Yr. Jbr. (1897-98) 59-. 

— suggested in 1854. Clark, L. Elect. 25 
(1890) 755. 

Telephonic systems in towns, history. Belngou , 

V. A. T61. 15 (1888) 38-. 
Telephony, progress. Du Moncel, T, Lum. 

Elect. 5 (•1881) 165-, 184-. 
Telescope, achromatic, 1758-61. Nelson, E. M, 

Bifcr. S. J. (1899) 340-. 
— , — , invention. Rochon, A. Gilbert A. 4 

(1800) 300-. 
— , — , inventor. Ranyard, — . [1881] Ciel 

et Terre 2 (^1882) 272-. 
— , invention. 0., E. Nicholson J. 10 (1805) 

145-. 
— , — of Lower Germany. Linde, — von der, 

Cztg. Opt. 7 (1886) 181-. 

— lens made by Torricelli. Govi, G. Nap. 
Bd. 25 (1886) 163-. 

Telescopes, contributions to history. Schroeder, 

H. Cztg. Opt. 20 (1899) 143-, 161- , 171-, 

182-, 193-, 201-, 212-, 223-, 232-; 21 (1900) 

11-, 22-, 31-, 41-, 51-, 64-, 71-, 81-, 91-, 

101-, 122-, 142-, 151-, 172-, 181-, 191-, 

201-, 211-, 221-, 231-. 
— , Huygens's. Jadanza, N. Tor. Ac. Sc. 

Mm. 46 (1896) 253-. 
Theoretical physics, development of modem 

methods. BolUmann, L. D. Nf. Yh. (1899) 

{Th, 1) 99-. 
, recent progress. Davies, J. E, Wise. 

Ac. T. 3 (1876) 205- ; 4 (1879) 241-. 
Theories, physical, 1837-97. Anon. Elect. 

39 (1897) 274-. 
— , — , evolution, since 17th century. Duhem, 

P. Bv. Quest. Sc. 40 (1896) 463-. 
— , — , present state. Umov, N. A, [1900] 

Bee. Mth. (Moscou) 21 (1901) 551-. 
Thermometer, alcohol, nrst used in Paris. 

Maze, (Vabb^ — . C. B. 121 (1895) 230-. 
— , centigrade mercurial, invention. Foumet, 

J. Lyon S. Ag. A. 8 (1845) 245-. 

12 



0010 Biograpliy 

Thermometer, centigrade, not the thermometer 

of Gelsias. Maze, (VabbS) — >. As. Fr. C. B. 

(1897) (Pt. 1) 270. 
Thermometers in 1628. Henrys C. Bv. Sc. 

33 (1884) 595-. 
— , historical account. SmoUk, A, Ziva 8 

(I860) 134-. 
— , . WoMwiU, E. [186^1] A. Ps. C. 

124 (1865) 163-. 
— , — — . Burckhardtt F. A. Ps. C. 133 

(1868) 680-. 
Thermosoope, history. Schmidt^ W, Z. Mth. 

Ps. 42 (1897) {Suppl.) 161-. 
Thermotics, history, oadi Gamot's place in. 

TkurMton, R. H. [1880] N. Y. Ac. A. 2 

(1882) 19-. 
Torrioeui's experiment. Thurotf C. J. de Ps. 

1 (1872) 17X-. 
Vacuom, absolute, first production. WilUner^ 

A. A. Ps. G. 183 (1868) 509-. 
Yandermonde, Gharles Auguste. Ladphie, B. 

Q, A (le eomte) de. Par. Mm. de VI, 1 

(1798) {Hut.) xix-. 
ViigU as a physicist. M., H. G. [1900] Nt. 

63 (1900-01) 205. 
Yolta, Alessandro. Arago, D, F. J, Par. Mm. 

de ri. 12 (1833) {HUt.) 57-. 
— , unpublished letter of. Martini, T. Bv. 

Sc..Ind. 26 (1894) 152-. 
Volta's discoveries. Martiniy T. Yen. I. At. 

(189&-99) {Pt. 1) 113-. 
and works. Pianciani, G. B, G. Arcad. 

41 (1829) 28-, 187-, 289-. 

— experiments. GonfigUachi, P. Gilbert A. 51 
(1815) 341-. 

— — , fundamental. (hUhbert8<m,J, Nicholson 
J. 2 (1802) 281-. 

— law of tension, history. Hoppe,E. Elekttech. 
Z. 9 (1888) 36-. 

— published writings, bibliography. Fostati, F, 
Mil. I. Lomb. Mm. 18 (1896-1900) 181-. 

X rays in 1708 (alleged). Marangoni, C. Bv. 

Sc. Ind. 29 (1897) 258-. 
Zeeman effect. Preston, T. [1899] Nt. 61 

PL899-1900) 11-. 

BIOGBAPHY. 

Abria, Jir€mie Joseph BencAt, Bordeaux Ac. 

Act. 55 (1893) 203- ; Bordeaux S. Sc. Mm. 3 

(1893) 301-. 
Adams, {Col.) Julius Walker, Am. Eng. A 

Baikoad J. 74 (1900) 30. 
Adler, Franz. Wien Pht. Gor. 30 (1893) 

551-. 
Agell y Torrents, Juan. Barcel. Ac. Bl. 1 

(1892-1900) 283-. 
Aiiy , {Sir) George BiddeU. Am. J. Sc. 43 (1892) 

248; A. Ps. G. {Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh., 1892) 45 

(1892) 601- ; As. J. 11 (1892) 96, 168 ; As. 

Nr. 129 (1892) 33-; As. S. M. Not. 52 (1892) 

2ia-; G. B. 114 (1892) 91- ; 115 (1892) 1117-; 

Elect. 28 (1892) 249- ; Eng. S. T. (1892) 244- ; 

L CE. P. 108 (1892) 391- ; Lpldina. 28 (1892) 

54; Manch.Lt.Ph.S.Mm.<!kP.5(1892)185-; 

Moncalieri Oss. Bll. 12 (1892) 29 ; N. S. W. 

B. S. J. 26 (1892) 2-; Nt. 45 (1892) 232-; 
Obs. 15 (1892) 74-; B. S. P. 51 (1892) i-; 



Biognraphy 0010 

Science 19 (1892) 64- ; Am. Ac. P. 27 (1893) 

446- ; Edinb. B. S. P. 19 (1893) i- ; Gen. S. 

Ps. Mm. 31 (1890-93) cxxxvi-; Kazan S. Ps.- 

Mth. Bll. 2 (1893) (Prot.) 24- ; Met. S. QJ. 

19 (1893) 97 ; Milnch. Ak. Sb. 22 (1893) 202- ; 

Termt. Edzl. 25 (1893) 630-. 
Akin {formerly Eohn), Karl. Lpldina. 29 

(1893) 207. 
Albers, Georg. Wien Pht. Gor. 32 (1895) 

271. 
Albert, Eugen. Wien Pht. Gor. 26 (1889) 554. 
Albert, Josef. Wien Pht. Gor. 23 (1886) 852- ; 

24 (1887) 246-. 
Allen, Horatio. Bailroad A Eng. J. 64 (1890) 

82-, 113-, 174-. 
Almeida, Joseph Charles d\ J. de Ps. 9 (1880) 

425-. 
Amici, Giovanni Ba^tista. Firenze Ac. Geoig. 

At. 11 (1864) 44-. 
Ampere, AndrS Marie. Smiths. Bp. (1872) 

111-; Amiens Ac. Mm. 7 (1881) 261- ; A. 

T^l. 16 (1889) 84-. 
Anderson, {Sir) James, Lum. iSlect. 48 (1893) 

396 
Anderson, (5tr) WUliam. Eng. S. T. (1898) 

240; I. ME. P. (1898) 696-; I. A S. I. J. 

(1898) (No. 2) 324-; I. GE. P. 135 (1899) 

320- ; I. Elect. E. J. 28 (1899) [665]; Nt. 59 

(1898-99) 154. 
Andr^, Jacques. M&con Ac. A. 6 (1888) 420-. 

Andieoli, J6mile M. H. Elect. Bv. 46 (1900) 

422. 
Andrews, Thomas. G. S. J. 49 (1886) 342-; 

Lpldina. 22 (1886) 165- ; L. Ps. S. P. 7 (1886) 

(Ann. Meet. 1886) 8- ; Nt. 33 (1886) 157- ; 

Termt. Edzl. 18 (1886) 513; B. S. P. 41 

(1887) xi-. 

Angerer, Victor. Wien Pht. Gor. 31 (1894) 242-. 

Angstrdm, Anders Jonas. B. S. P. 25 (1877) 
xvui-; Stockh. Yt. Ak. Lefn. 2 (1878-85) 
103-. 

Antoine, Franz. Lpldina. 22 (1886) 112 ; Wien 
Pht. Gor. 23 (1886) 249. 

Apjohn, James. C. N. 53 (1886) 296 ; G. S. J. 
61 (1887) 469-; B. S. P. 41 (1887) i-. 

Arago, Dominique Francois Jean. Mon. Sc. 27 
(1885) 403- ; Bv. Sc. 35 (1885) 257-; 51 
(1893) 753-, 755-; Par. Ac. Sc. Mm. 44 

(1888) Ixxix-. 

Arbter, Emil {Bitter) von. Wien Pht. Gor. 33 

(1896) 29. 
Archereau, H«nrt. Elect. 30 (1893) 479 ; Lum. 

iUect. 47 (1893) 337 ; Bv. Sc. 3 (1895) 718-. 
Arlincourt, {le comte) Ludovic d\ A. T^. 11 

(1884) 182. 
Armellini, Tito. Bm. N. Line. At. 35 (1882) 

130-. 
Armstrong, (Col.) Robert Young. L. Ps. S. P. 

13 (1895) (Ann. Meet. 1895) 13 ; B. S. P. 57 

(1895) xxii-. 
Armstrong, WiUiam George Armstrong (Lord), 

Eng. S. T. (1900) 26&- ; Glasg. I. Eng. T 

44 (1901) 337-. 
Amheim, Friedrich. St. Pet. Md. Wschr. 18 

(1893) 85-. 
Atkinson, Edmund. Nt. 62 (1900) 34 ; L. Ps. 

S. P. 17 (1901) (Ann. Meet. 1901) 10-. 



13 



0010 Biography 

Audouard, itienne Prosper. Brest S. Ao. BU. 

20 (1895) 476-. 
AvenaiiuB, Michail Petrovid, Bs. Ps.-G. S. J. 

27 (P«.) (1895) 221- ; St. P^t. Ao. So. BU. S 

(1895) xlv-. 
Ayogadro, Amedeo, Am. G. J. 11 (1889) 289 ; 

C. Ztg. 18 (1889) 263. 
Babbini, (ahat£) Giovanni, Firenze Ac. Georg. 

At. 2 (1819) 383-. 
Babinet, Jacques, By. Ck)ar8 So. 3 (1872) 

409- ; By. Sc.-Ind. 4 (1872) 294-. 
Baoaloglu, Emmanuel, [Bacarest S. So. Bl. 2 

(1893)] 101- ; [3 (1894) (Supl.)} 51- ; 4 (1895) 

\SupL) 97-. 
Baden-lSitohard, Heinrich, Wien Pht. Cor. 

21 (1884) 153. 
Bamberg, Carl. Z. Instk. 12 (1892) 253. 
Banderali, David, O^n. Civ. 16 (1889-90) 

479 ; I. ME. P. (1890) 171 ; Bailroad & Eng. 

J. 64 (1890) 281. , 
Barbier, E. Lam Eleot. 24 (1887) 492. 
Bardi, (conte) Girolamo de, Firenze Ao. 

Geoig. At. 7 (1830) 234-. 
Barentin, Wilhelm, Lpldina. 22 (1886) 113. 
Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter. Am. Ao. 

P. 24 (1889) 441- ; M^x. Obs. Bl. 2 (1889) 404. 
Barnes, David Leonard. Am. Eng. & Bailroad 

J. 71 (1897) 32 ; I. CE. P. 128 (1897) 358-. 
Bartlett, William Holmes Chambers. Am. Ao. 

P. 30 (1895) 570-. 
Bartol, Barnabas H. Franklin 1. J. 125 (1888) 

499-. 
Bartoli, Adolfo, Catania Ao. Gioen. Bll. 44-45 

(1896) 23<; Moncalieri Oss. Bll. 16 (1896) 
88-; N. Cim. 4 (1896) 211- ; Bv. So.-Ind. 

28 (1896) 102-, 128- ; Spot. It. Mm. 25 
(1896) 214-. 

Basso, Giuseppe, Spot. It. Mm. 24 (1895) 
121- ; Tor. Ao. So. At. 31 (1895) 3-. 

Batohelder, John Montgomery, Am. Ao. P. 28 
(1893) 305-. 

Bateman-Champain, (Col, Sir) John. Eleot. 

18 (1887) 283. 
Baudnmont, Alexandre Edouard. Bordeaux 

Ac. Act. 42 (1880) 729- ; 45 (1883) 557-. 
Bauemfeind, Carl Maximilian von. Lpldina. 

30 (1894) 161; 31 (1895) 62-, 78-, 94-; 

Fdrster Al. Baaztg. 60 (1895) 31- ; Munch. 

Ak. Sb. 25 (1896) 161-. 
Baumgartner, Andreas von. Arch. Mth. Ps. 

45 (1866) 1- ; Wien Ahn. 16 (1866) 124-. 
Baumhauer, Eduard Heinrich von. Arch. N^erl. 

19 (1884) 4 pp. ; Lpldina. 21 (1885) 57- ; Bv. 
So. 35 (1885) 190 ; Amst. Ak. Jb. (1887) 1-. 

Bausohinger, Johann. Elektteoh. Z. 14 (1893) 

715; Lpldina. 29 (1893) 209; Miinch. Ak. 

Sb. 24 (1895) 114-. 
Beokwith, John Henry, 1. ME. P. (1898) 

701- ; I. A S. I. J. (1898) {No. 2) 325. 
Beoquerel, Alexandre Edmond. A. Cons. Arts 

et M6t. 3 (1891) 101- ; 4 (1892) 113- ; C. B. 

113 (1891) 882-; Eleot. 27 (1891) 73-; 

Lpldina. 27 (1891) 109; Lum. Elect. 40 

(1891) 395- ; Par. S. Ps. S6, (1891) 158- ; 
Bv. So. 47 (1891) 635 ; 49 (1892) 363-, 676-; 
Wien Pht. Cor. 28 (1891) 352-; B. S. P. 51 

(1892) xxi-; Termt. Edzl. 24 (1892) 640; 
Ts. Ps. C. 81 (1892) 64. 



Biography 0010 

• Beoquerel, Antoine Cisar, Am. J. Phm. 43 
(1871) 288; Fr. S. Ag. Mm. (1877) 33-; Fr. 
S. Ag. Bll. 38 (1878) 37-; Bv. So. 49 (1892) 
673-. 

Bedford, William. Phot. J. 17 (1893) 125-. 

Beetz, Friedrich WUhelm Hubert von, Berl. 
Ps. Gs. Vh. (1886) 29-; C. Ztg. 10 (1886) 
137 ; Lpldina. 22 (1886) 57 ; 24 (1888) 154-, 
182- ; MOnch.Ak.Sb. 16(1887)10-; Termt. 
Edzl. 19 (1887) 501. 

Bellavitis, Giusto. Bll. So. Mth. As. 4 (1880) 
343- ; Bm. B. Ac. Lino. T. 5 (1881) 15- ; Z. 
Mth. Ps. 26 (1881) {H,-lt. Ab,) 163- ; Ven. 
I. At. 8 (1882) 395- ; Nap. Ao. Pont. At. 15 
(1883) (Pt, 1) 5- ; Bm. S. It. Mm. 6 ^887) 
Ixxiii-. 

Belli, Giuseppe. MU. L Lomb. Bd. 11 (1878) 
794-. 

Beltrami, Eugemo, A. Mt. 4 (1900) 151- ; 
Bologna Bd. 4 (1900) 91- ; C. B. 130 (1900) 
677- ; 131 (1900) 1037- ; Ens. Mth. 2 (1900) 
173- ; G. Mt. 38 (1900) 365- ; Mil. I. Lomb 
Bd. 33 (1900) 241- ; Nap. Bd. 39 (1900) 74- 
N. Cim. 11 (1900) 160- ; Nt. 61 (1899-1900 
568-; Palermo Cir. Mt. Bd. 14 (1900) 275- 
Bm. B. Ac. Lino. Bd. 9 (1900) {Sem. 1) 139- 
Tor. Ao. So. At. 35 (1900) 356- or 641- 
Ven. I. At. (1899-1900) {Pt. 1) 72- ; Wiad 
Mt. 4 (1900) 266- ; Kazan S. Ps.-Mth. Bll 
10 (1901) {Prot.) 32-; Miinoh. Ak. Sb. 30 
(1901) 345-. 

Belz, Jules Edmond. A. T^. [19] (1892) 
90-. 

Berkeley, Herbert Bowyer, Phot. J. 15 (1891) 
90-. 

Bernard, Filix. Bordeaux Mm. S. So. 4 
{cah. 1) (1866) 15-. 

Bertrand, Joseph Louis Francois. C, B. 130 
(1900) 961- ; 131 (1900) 1033- ; G. Mt. 38 
(1900) 171- ; J. Sav. (1900) 257-, 312- ; 
Lpldina. 36 (1900) 129- ; Nt. 61 (1899-1900) 
614- ; Science 11 (1900) 637; St. m. Ao. So. 
Bll. 12 (1900) xxxiv; Wiad. Mt. 4 (1900) 
267-. 

Betti, Enrico. Nap. Bd. 31 (1892) 143- ; N. Cim. 
32 (1892) 5- ; Palermo Cir. Mt. Bd. 6 (1892) 
245-; Bv. Mt. 2 (1892) 151-; Bv. Sc-Ind. 
[24 (1892)] 211- ; A. Mt. 20 (1892-93) 256 ; 
Yen. I. At. (1892-93) 609-. 

Bevan, Morgan Mark. I. Eleot. E . J. 29 (1900) 
948. 

Beyersdorff, Ferdinand Adolf. Wien Pht. Cor. 
27 (1890) 188. 

Biervliet, Albert Marie Joseph van, Brux. S. 
So. A. 15 (1891) {Pt. 1) 86. 

Blake, Eli W. Ps. Bv. 3 (1896) 226-. 

Blavier, Edouard Ernest. A. T41. 13 (1886) 
566-; 14 (1887) 5-, 369-; 16 (1889) 97-, 
193- ; A. Mines 11 (1887) 240- ; J. T^l. 11 

(1887) 17 ; Lum. Elect. 23 (1887) 644-. 
Bleasdale, (Rev.) John Ignatius, Viot. B. S. 

T. 21 (1885) 148. 
Bolton, (Col. Sir) Francis John. Nt. 35 (1887) 
255 ; Tel. J. 20 (1887) 37 ; I. CE. P. 93 

(1888) 497-. 
Boltshauser, Giovanm Adamo. Sav. Ao. Mm. 

6 (1897) Ixxxiii-. 

14 



0010 



Bonoompo^, {prineipe) BaldatMre. Bm. N. 

Lino. At. 47 (1894J 161- ; Bv. Quest. So. 

36 (1894) 263-; Bv. So.-Ind. 26 (1894) 

116; Z. Mth. Ps. 89 (1894) {H.4t. Ab.) 201-; 

Yen. I. At. (1894-95) 509-. 
Bonnet, Pierre Oirian, 0. B. 115 (1892) 1115- ; 

117 (1893) 1014- ; Lpldina. 28 (1892) 157. 
Bontemps, Charles. A. T^. 11 (1884) 183-. 
Bosch, Otto van. Wien Pht. Cor. 32 (1895) 

212-. 
Bosscha, Hugo Cotutant^fn* 's Gravenh. I. 

Ing. Ts. (189a-99) {Verg.) 21-. 
Boorcort, Bodolphe. Mulhouse S. In. Bll. 70 

(1900) 325-. 
BoordeUes, Lion. A. Pon. Ghauss. (1899) 

(rrtm. 3) VI-, (Trim. 4) xra-; G6n. Civ. 

35 (1899) 413. 
Bourdon, Eugene. Les Mondes 9 (1884) 250- ; 

Bv. So. 34 (1884) 542-. 
Boussao, Joeeph'Auguste Charles. A. T41. 20 

(1893) 94-. 
Brauer, Georg. Bs. P8.-C. S. J. 14 (Ps.) (1882) 

[Pt. 1] 267-. 
Bravais, Auguste. Par. Ao. So. Mm. 35 (1866) 

xxm-; Smiths. Bp. (1869) 145-. 
Breda, Jacob G^jsbertut Samuel van. Amst. 

Jb. Ak. (1867) 22-. 
Br^et, Antoine. Bv. So. 4 (1882) 129-. 
Br^guet, Louie Francois Climent. Termt. 

Kdzl. 16 (1884) 507; C. B. 103 (1886) 5-, 

226 ; Lum. ]6l6ot. 21 (1886) 137- ; Bv. Mar. 

et Col. 90 (1886) 521-. 
Breton, Philippe. Is^re S. BU. 27 (1892) 391-. 
Brett, Jacob. Eleot. 38 (1897) 368; Elect. Bv. 

40 (1897) 75 ; Elektteoh. Z. 18 (1897) 50 ; 

J. Tdl. 21 (1897) 66-. 
Brett, John WatHne. Tel. J. 1 (1864) 6. 
Brevoort, Henry Lefferts. Am. Eng. & Bail- 

zoad J. 69 (1895) 379. 
Brewster, [Sir) David. Am. J. Phm. 40 (1868) 

287- ; B. S. P. 17 (1869) Ixix- ; Am. Ac. P. 

8 (1873) 38-. 
Bright, (Sir) Charles Tilston. Elect. 21 (1888) 

13-; Gg. S. P. 10 (1^) 387; I. CE. P. 93 

S888) 479- ; Lum. Elect. 28 (1888) 396 ; 
el. J. 22 (1888) 508- ; As. S. M. Not. 49 

(1889) 157- ; Gl. S. QJ. 45 (1889) (P.) 39. 
Brisse, Charles Michel. J. de Ps. 7 (1898) 

[637]; Nt. 59 (1898-99) 80; N. Y. Am. Mth. 

S. Bll. 5 (1899) 211-. 
Brix, PMlipp WUhelm. D. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1899) 

125- ; Elektteoh. Z. 20 (1899) 268. 
Brooh, Ole Jacob. Christiania F. (1889) (Ov.) 

13-; Nt. 39 (1889) 375; Par. Poids et Mes. 

PV. (1889) 3-; Par. S. Gg. C. B. (1889) 81-; 

Par. S. Pb. S^. (1889) 37- ; Bv. So. 43 (1889) 

218. 
Brooke, Charles. B. S. P. 30 (1880) i- ; Mcr. 

S. J. (1895) 17-. 
Brooke, (Sir) WiUiam O'Shaughnessy. B. S. 

P. 46 (1890) xvm-. 
Brooks, David. Elektteoh. Z. 12 (1891) 377 ; 

Fianklin I. J. 132 (1891) 75-. 
Browne, Walter Raleigh. I. ME. P. (1884) 

472; L CE. P. 79 (1885) 362-; L. Ps. S. P. 

6 (1885) (^nn. Meet. 1885) 9-. 
Baooola, Oabriele. Bv. Sper. Freniatr. 11 

(1885) i-; Sperim. 55 (1885) 344. 



Biograpliy 0010 

Buckney, Thomas. I. Eleot. E. J. 29 (1900) 
948; I. ME. P. (1900) 326. 

Buff, Heinrich. Berl. B. 14 (1881) 2867-. 

Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm Eberhard. A. di Fm. 
e C. (1899) 479-; Am. C. J. 22 (1899) 411- ; 
Am. J. So. 8 (1899) 318; Anai. 24 (1899) 
226-; Asps. J. 10 (1899) 301- ; Berl. B. 32 
(1899) 2535-; C. N. 80 (1899) 94-; C. B. 
129 (1899) 1061; C. Ztg. 23 (1899) 675; 
Dingier 313 (1899) 159- ; Elektteoh. Z. 20 
(1899) 626 ; Frkf . a. M. Ps. Vr. Jbr. (1898- 
99) 43-; Lpldina. 35 (1899) 158; Mon. So. 
13 (1899) 770; Nt. 60 (1899) 424-; Ps. Bv. 
9 (1899) 31(^; Bm. B. Ao. Lino. Bd. 8 (1899) 
(Sem. 2) 329-; Bv. So.-Ind. 31 (1899) 184; 
S. Afr. C. Mtl. S. J. 2 (1899) 178- ; S. Afr. 
C. MU. S. P. 2 (1897-99) 832-; Science 10 

(1899) 447-; Smiths. Bp. (1899) 605- ; Wien. 
Md. Wschr. 49 (1899) 1596 ; Wien Pht. Cor. 
36 (1899) 550- ; Z. Angew. C. (1899) 822, 
1241; (1900) 884-; Am. C. S. J. 22 (1900) 
(P.) 89- ; CJ. S. J. 77 (1900) iPt. 1) 613- ; 
Gl. Mg. 7 (1900) 431 ; Gl. S. QJ. 56 (1900) 
(P.) U; L. Ps. S. P. 17 (1901) (Ann. Meet. 
1900) 12-; Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. &V.4A 

(1900) xxxn-; B. S. Yearbook (1900) 19&-; 
Termt. Kdzl. 32 (1900) 690- ; Wien Aim. 50 
(1900) 286-; Z. Anorg. C. 23 (1900) 393-; 
Z. Elektoh. (1899-1900) 205- ; Miinoh. Ak. 
Sb. 30 (1901) 359-; B. L P. 16 (1902) 437-. 

Burton, WiUiam Kinninmond. I. CE. P. 139 
(1900) 373-; Phot. J. 24 (1900) 39. 

Buys-Ballot, Christopher Hendrik Dirk. Am. 
Met. J. 6 (1889-90) 583; Berl. Ps. Gs. 
Vh. (1890) 19-; Brux. Ao. Bll. 19 (1890) 
180- ; Humb. 9 (1890) 104 ; Lpldina. 26 (1890) 
58; Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. & P. 3 (1890) 
167- ; Moncalieri Oss. Bll. 10 (1890) 34; Nt. 
41 (1890) 371 ; Ciel et Terre 11 (1890-91) 21 ; 
Met. S. QJ. 17 (1891) 61-; Met. Z. 8 (1891) 
1-; Sym. Met. Mg. 26 (1891) 8; Termt. K6zl. 
23 (1891) 630-; Ts. Ps. C. 30 (1891) 63-; 
Brux. S. As. Bll. 3 (1898) 204- ; Amst. Ak. 
Jb. (1899) 59-. 

Byigi, Jost. Cztg. Opt. 7 (1886) 121-, 

Cabanellas, Gustave Eugene. Lum. Elect. 30 
a888) 98; Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1888) {Pt. 2) 

Caligny, Anatole Franks HUe {marquis) de. 

C. B. 114 (1892) 797-; Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 31 

(1890-93) CXXXIX-. 
Campbell, George. Eng. S. T. (1889) 219. 
Cantoni, Giovanni. N. Cim. 6 (1897) 426-; 

Nap. Bd. 37 (1898) 46-; Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 

32 (1899) 67-. 
Cantzler, Gustav Hermann. St. Pet. Md. 

Wschr. 21 (1896) 68. 
Carl, Phxlipp Fram Heinrich. Elektteoh. Z. 

12 (1891) 97-; Exner Bpm. 27 (1891) 65-; 

Lpldina. 27 (1891) 4&-; Termt. Kdzl. 24 

(1892) 641. 
Carlsund, Otto Edvard. Stookh. Vt. Ak. Lefn. 

3 (1886-94) 161-. 
Carpenter, William Lant. C. S. J. 69 (1891) 

461- ; Eleot. 26 (1891) 266; L. Ps. S. P. 11 

(1892) {Ann. Meet. 1891) 9; Nt. 43 (1891) 

230; S. C. In. J. 10 (1891) 33. 
Carr^, Edmand. Elektteoh. Z. 15 (1894) 370. 



15 



0010 Biograpliy 

Carstadt, Friedrich. Bresl. Schl. Gb. Jbr. 

(1891) (Nek,) 4. 
Gasati, Victor. Wien Pht. Cor. SI (1894) 861-. 
Caselli, (abate) Oiovanni. Firenze Ao. G^rg. 

At. 14^1891) ZLVi-; Lpldina. 27 (1891) 204; 

Lum. Elect. 42 (1891) 196; Bv. Sc.-Ind. 23 

(1891) 251- ; Tennt. Edzl. 24 (1892) 641; 

Tb. Pb. G. 31 (1892) 128. 
Gauchy, {le baron) Augustin Louis, J. Sav. 

(1869) 205- ; Bv. So. 9 (1898) 97-. 
Ceoohi, (padre) Filippo, Moncalieri Obb. BU. 

7 (1887) 81-; Bm. N. Lino. At. 40 (1887) 
168- ; By.So.-Ind.l9(1887)133-;yen.Aten. 
1 (1888) 3-. 

Cecil, (Lord) SackviUe Arthur. L. Ps. S. P. 

16 (1899) (Ann. Meet. 1898) 6-; I. Elect. E. 

J. 28 (1899) [665}-. 
Cell^rier, Charlee. Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 31 (1890- 

93) xvra-. 
Challis, James. As. S. M. Not. 43 (1883) 160- ; 

Obs. 6 (1883) 23. 
Chamontov, Nikolqj Nikolaevid. Bs. Ps.-C. S. 

J. 25 {Ps.) (1893) 196-. 
ChamooBset, (le chanoine) Francois Marie. Sav. 

Ac. Mm. (1891) 111-. 
Chapman, Daniel Currier. Wash. Ph. S. Bll. 

13 (1900) 381-. 
Chase, Pliny Earle. Am. Ph. S. P. 19 J1882) 

184- ; 24 (1887) 287-; Franklin 1. J. 124 

(1887) 229-. 
Chasles.JIftc^Z. Bologna Bd. (1881) 37- ; Khar- 
kov Mth. S. Com. (1881) 23-; Eosmos (Lw.) 6 

(1881) 555-; B. S. P. 32 (1881) i-; Bv. Quest. 

So. 9 (1881) 517- ; Bv. So. 50 (1892) 801-. 
Christie, Samuel Hunter. B. S. P. 15 (1867) xi-. 
Churchod, Louis, Lmn. Elect. 34 (1889) 296. 
Clark, Daniel Kinnear. Am. Eng. & Bailroad 

J. 70 (1896) 44-; I. CE. P. 124 (1896) 409- ; 

I. ME. P. (1896) 92-. 
Clark, Joseph Warner. L. Pb. S. P. 7 (1886) 

(Ann, Mut, 1886) 10-. 
Clark, Josiah Latimer, Elect. Bv. 43 (1898) 

663-; Elekttech. Z. 19 (1898) 777-; J. T61. 

22 (1898) 278; Lpldina. 34 (1898) 170; Science 

8 (1898) 704- ; As. S. M. Not. 59 (1899) 219- ; 
Elect. 42 (1899) 33; I. GE. P. 137 (1899) 
418- ; I. Elect. E. J. 27 (1899) 646-, 649-; 
28 (1899) 667-; L. Ps. S. P. 16 (1899) (Ann. 
Meet. 1899) 9-; Nt. 59 (1898-99) 38. 

Claadet, Antoine Francois Jean. B. S. P. 17 
(1869) Ixxxv-. 

Claasius, Rudolph Julius Emmanuel. A. T^l. 
15 (1888) 478; C. Ztg. 12 (1888) 1141; Elect 
21(1888)562; Hmnb. 7 (1888) 403 ; Lpldina. 
24 (1888) 170; Lam. Elect. 29 (1888) 496-; 
Nt. 38 (1888) 438-; Bv. Sc. 42 (1888) 424-; 
Bv. Sc.-Ind. 20 (1888) 259-; Am. Ac. P. 24 
(1889) 458-; Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1889) 1-; 
Glasg. I. Eng. T. 32 (1889) 319- ; Gott. Ab. 
35 (1889) (Mth.) 39 pp. ; I. CE. P. 96 (1889) 
307- ; L. Ps. S. P. 10 (1890) (Ann. Meet, 
1889) 10-; Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. & P. 2 
(1889) 259-; Phm. J. 19 (1889) 243; Termt. 
K5zl. 21 (1889) 600; Tor. Ao. Sc. At. 24 
(1889) 3-; Wien Aim. 39 (1889) 203- ; Miinch. 
Ak. Sb. 19 (1890) 113- ; Bv. Quest. Sc. 27 

419-; B. S. P. 48 (1891) i-; Zur. 
r. 41 (1896) (Festsehr.y Th. 1) 93-. 



Biography 0010 

Clerc, Auguste. Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1888) 

(Pt, 2) 530. 
Colladon, Jean Daniel. C. B. 117 (1893) 263- ; 

G^n. Civ. 23 (1893) 194; J. TA, 17 (1893) 

182- ; Lum. iilect. 49 (1893) 142- ; Nt. 48 

(1893) 396- ; Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1893) (Pt, 2) 

443-; Sch. Nf. Gs. Yh. (1893) 183- ; Met. S. 

QJ. 20 (1894) 106- ; Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 32 

(1894-97) (Pt, 1) xvra-. 
Collette, Johannes Martinus, Elekttech. Z. 21 

(1900) 104; 'B Gravenh. I. Ing. Ts. (1899- 

1900) (Verg,) 61-. 
CoUey, A>bert Andreemc, Kazan S. Ps.-Mth. 

Bll. 1 (1891) (Prot,) 61-; Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 23 

(Ps,) (1891) 443-. 
Commines de Biarsilly, (le gin,) Louis Joseph 

AugusU de, Bdne Ac. Hip. Bll. 24 (1891) 

(C. R, 1890) 1-. 
Conroy, (Sir) John. Nt. 63 (1900-01) 186. 
Cook, Edward Rider, S. C. In. J. 17 (1898) 828. 
Cooper, Matthew, I. Elect. E. J. 29 (1900) 948-. 
Copeland, Charles W, Am. Eng. & Bailroad J. 

69 (1895) 140. 
Gordier, Pierre Louis Antoine, A. Mines 8 

(1895) 599-. 
Com^lis, Louis. Anvers J. Phm. 43 (1887) 444-. 
Cornelius, Karl Sebastian, Lpldina. 32 (1896) 

188. 
Gomut, Ernest. G6n. Civ. 20 (1891-92) 203. 
Cowles, Eugene H. Elect. 29 (1892) 61; 

Franklin I. J. 133 (1892) 404-. 
Cowper, Edward Alfred, Elect. 31 (1898) 67; 

I. CE. P. 114 (1893) 369-; I. ME. P. (1893) 

203- ; L A S. I. J. (1898) (No, 1) 172- ; Nv. 

Archt. T. 84 (1893) 241- ; S. C. In. J. 12 

(1893) 509. 
Craoknell, Edward Charles. I. CE. P. 113 

(1898) 848- ; N. S. W. B. S. J. 27 (1898) 3. 
Crampton, Thomas Russell, I. CE. P. 94 (1888) 

295-; I. ME. P. (1888) 487-; I. & S. L J. 

(1888) (No, 1) 210- ; Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. 

(1888) (Pt. 1) 668-; Bailroad & Eng. J. 62 

(1888) 285. 
Curbillon, Claudius. Angers S. Sc. Bll. (1899) 

262-. 
Curioni, Oiovanni. Bv. Sc.-Ind. 19 (1887) 89-. 
Cushman, Holbrook, Science 2 (1895) 757-. 
Gz6gler, Alajos, Termt. Edzl. 26 (1894) 638. 
Daalen, Ootfried Coenraad Ernst van. 's 

Gravenh. I. Ing. Ts. (1889-90) (Verg,) 4. 
Dagron, Prudent Rene Patrice, A6r. (1900) 152-. 
Daguin, Pierre Adolphe, Toul. Ac. Sc. Mm. 

7 (Sem, 2) (1885) 48-. 
Dale, (Rev,) T. Pelham. L. Ps. S. P. 12 (1894) 

(Arm, Mut, 1893) 8. 
Dalton, John. Arch. Phm. 90 (1844) 321- ; 

S. Dyers Col. J. 16 (1900) 74-, 104-. 
Dancer, John Benjamin. As. S. M. Not. 48 

(1888) 161 ; Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. & P. 1 

(1888) 149-. 
Davies, John Eugene. Am. Mcr. S. T. 21 (1900) 

249-. 
Davy, Edward, Vict. B. S. T. 21 (1885) 150-. 
Decaux, Charles Auguste, G^n. Civ. 34 (1898- 

99)61. 
Delabar, Gangolf. Soh. Nf. Gs. Vh. (1883-84) 

148-. 



16 



0010 Biography 

Delarive [De la Bive], Auguate Arthur. Qeu, 

S. Ps. Mm. 23 (1874) 465-; Edinb. R. S. P. 

8 (1876) 31»-; Rv. Sc. 8 (1875) 648-; R. S. 

P. 24 (1876) mvU-; Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 60 

(1877) 6-. 
De Ia Rae, TTarrm. Am. J. Phm. 61 (1889) 

319; Berl. B. 22 (1889) 1169- ; G. Ztg. 13 

(1889) 545 ; Elect. 22 (1889) 709- ; Lpldina. 

25 (1889) 113; Lam. Elect. 32 (1889) 241- ; 

Nt. 40 (1889) 26-; Obs. 12 (1889) 244-; 

Phm. J. 19 (1889) 879; S. C. In. J. 8 (1889) 

269; As. S. M. Not. 50 (1890) 166- ; C. S. J. 

67 (1890) 441- ; L. Ps. 8. P. 10 (1890) {Ann. 

Meet. 1890) 13-; Met. S. QJ. 16 (1890) 99; 

Ts. Ps. C. 29 (1890) 61. 
Delezenne, Charles. Lille S. Mm. 3 (1867) 

493-. 
Delia Casa, Lorenzo. Bologna Ac. Sc. Mm. 1 

(1871) 245-. 
Delsaolx, {le rev. p^re) Joseph. Brox. S. Sc. 

A. 16 (1891) (Pt. 1) 86-; Rv. Quest. So. 29 

(1891) 586-. 
Denier, Heinrich. Wien Pht. Cor. 29 (1892) 

214-. 
Dent, Montagu Charles. I. Elect. E. J. 29 

(1900) 949. 
Desains, Quentin Paul. C. R. 100 (1886) 

1267-. 
Despeyrons, Theodore. Toul. Ac. Sc. Mm. 7 

{Sem. 2) (1885) 100-. 
Despretz, Cesar. R. S. P. 13 (1864) yiii-. 
Dificher, Heinrich. J. T^l. 16 (1892) 291. 
Donkin, WiUiam Frederick. Gg. S. P. 10 (1888) 

716- ; G. S. J. 55 (1889) 292-; Phot. J. 13 

(1889) 44r-. 
Donnj, Francois Marie Louis. Brux. Ac. Bll. 

82 (1896) 496-. 
Doubrava, Sufan. Elekttech. Z. 18 (1897) 491. 
Douglass, (Sir) James Nicholas. Eng. S. T. 

(1898) 238; I. GE. P. 134 (1898) 403- ; I. 
ME. P. (1898) 631- ; Nt. 68 (1898) 177; 
I. Elect. E. J. 28 (1899) 672-. 

Doyle, James Drummond, I. Elect. E. J. 29 

(1900) 949-. 
Draper, Henry. Am. J. Sc. 26 (1883) 89-; 

Obe. 6 (1883) 23-; Science 1 (1883) 29-. 
Draper, John William. Am. J. Sc. 23 (1882) 

163- ; L. Ps. S. P. 6 (1884) {Ann. Meet. 

1882) 8-. 
Dresing, Peter Christian. I. Elect. E. J. 28 

(1899) 672-. 
Drobisch, Moritz Wilhelm. Leip. Mth. Ps. B. 

48 (1896) 697-. 
Droop, Henry Riehnumd. L. Ps. S. P. 6 (1885) 

{Ann. Meet. 1885) 8-. 
Dmmmond, Richard Oliver Gardner. I. GE. 

P. 134 (1898) 414- ; I. ME. P. (1898) 633; 

I. Elect. E. J. 28 (1899) 673. 
Du Bois-Reymond, EmU. C. Ztg. 20 (1896) 

1035; Am. NtUst. 31 (1897) 268-; Arch. An. 

PI. {PI. Ab.) (1897) vn-; Berl. Ps. Gs, Vh. 

{1B9T) 6-; Bl. Gb. 17 (1897) 81-; Elect. 38 

(1897) 31&-; Elekttech. Z. 18 (1897) 10-; 

Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 32 (1894-97) Pt. 2, Izi-; 

Lpldina. 33 (1897) 50-; Manch. Lt. Ph. S. 

Mm. A P. 41 (1897) xlviii-; Nt. 56 (1896-97) 

230- ; Rv. Sc. 7 (1897) 386-; Rv. Sper. 

Freniatr. 23 (1897) 266; Science 5 (1897) 

VOL. III. 17 



Biography 0010 

217- ; St. P^t. Ac. So. Bll. 6 (1897) v-; 

Vars. S. Nt. Tr. (1897) {Bl.) No. 3, 2-; 

Wien Ahn. 47 (1897) 3ia-; Berl. Ak. Ab. 

(1898) 24 pp. ; Liineb. Nt. Vr. Jh. 14 (1898) 

xxxi-; Miinch. Ak. Sb. 27 (1898) 423-. 
Ducot^, Jules. A. T61. 11 (1884) 638-. 
Dofoor, Louis. Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 31 (1890-93) 

czi^; Laos. S. Yd. BU. 29 (1893) 211- ; Met. 

Z. 10 (1893) 432. 
Dufourcet, Eugene. Daz S. Borda Bll. (1900) 

37-. 
Duhamel, Jean Marie Constant. Ts. Mth. 2 

(1872) 143-. 
Dumas, Jean Baptiste AndrS. A. di G. 78 

(1884) 269-; Am. Ac. P. 19 (1884) 546-; 
Am. J. Sc. 28 (1884) 289-; Anvers J. Phm. 
40 (1884) 160-; A. T^l. 11 (1884) 181- ; 
Berl. B. 17 (1884) 947-, {Ref.) 629-; G. N. 
49 (1884) 193; G. R. 98 (1884) 93^-; 100 

(1885) 477-; G. Ztg. 8 (1884) 539, 569-; 
Frkf. a M. Ps. Vr. Jbr. (1883-84) 30-; Gin. 
Giv. 4 (1883-84) 397-; 5 (1884) 409-, 434-; 
J. Phm. 9 (1884) 369- ; Les Mondes 7 (1884) 
607- ; Lpldina. 20 (1884) 114; N. Antol. Sc. 
74 (1884) 772 ; Nt. 30 (1884) 16- ; Par. S. G. 
Bll. 42 (1884) 130-, 549-; 45 (1886) i-, 1-; 
Phm. J. 14 (1884) 847-; Rm. R. Ac. Line. 
T. 8 (1884) 251- ; R. S. P. 37 (1884) x-; 
Sch. Nf. Gs. Vh. (1883-84) 154- ; Science 3 
(1884) 750- ; Tel. J. 14 (1884) 369; Ts. Ps. 
C. 23 (1884) 218- ; Wien Ahn. 34 (1884) 
200- ; Bordeaux S. L. Act. 39 (1886) xm-; 
G. S. J. 47 (1885) 310- ; Rv. Bt. 3 (1884-86) 
288; Termt. Kdzl. 17 (1885) 499; Miinch. 
Ak. Sb. 15 (1886) 136- ; Rv. So. 44 (1889) 
673-. 

Du Moncel, {le comte) Thiodose Achille Louis. 
' A. T61. 11 (1884) 83-; G. R. 98 (1884) 453-; 

100 (1885) 481; Elect. 12 (1884) 373; Les 

Mondes 7 (1884) 366-; Lum. Elect. 11 (1884) 

341, 381- ; Nt. 29 (1884) 412- ; Tel. J. 14 

(1884) 155-. 
Duprez, Frangois. Brux. Ac. Bll. 7 (1884) 

708-. 
DutiUeul, Jules. Lille S. Mm. 14 (1885) 379-. 
Dyer, Ezra. Am. Oph. S. T. (1887) 407-. 
Edlund, Enc. Elect. 21 (1888) 696-; Lpldina. 

24 (1888) 169- ; Lum. Elect. 29 (1888) 632-; 

Helsingf. Ofv. 31 (1889) 247-; Stockh. Vt. 

Ak. Lefn. 3 (1886-94) 281-. 
Eickemeyer, Rudolf. Elekttech. Z. 16 (1895) 

117-. 
Einsle, Anton. Wien Pht. Gor. 34 (1897) 571-. 
Eisenlohr, Wilhelm. Leip. As. Gs. Yjschr. 

7 (1872) 263-; Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. Vh. 13 

(1900) (Ab.) 458-. 
Elliot, (Str) George. Elekttech. Z. 16 (1894) 

28; I. GE. P. 116 (1894) 356-; I. A S. L J. 

(1894) (No. 1) 390-. 
Ellis, Alexander John. L. Mth. S. P. 21 (1891) 

467-; Nt. 43 (1891) 20; R. S. P. 49 (1891) i-. 
Elsas, Adolf. Lpldina. 31 (1895) 109-. 
Emery, Charles Edward. Am. Eng. A Rail- 
road J. 72 (1898) 234 ; I. GE. P. 133 (1898) 

396-; Am. S. GE. T. 42 (1899) 668-; Am. 

I. Mn. E. T. 29 (1900) xxviu-. 
Enys, John Samuel. Gomwall Gl. S. T. 9 

(1878) {Rp. 69) 9-. 



0010 Biography 

Epstein, Ludicig. I. Elect. E. J. 29 (1900) 

950-. 
Ericsson, (Copt.) John. M&x, Obs. Bl. 2 (1889) 

894-; Nt. 89 (1889) 466, 517; Bailroad A 

Eng. J. 63 (1889) 151- ; Science 13 (1889) 

189- ; Stockh. Vt. Ak. Lefn. 3 (1886-94) 

355-. 
Erkel, F. van, 's Gravenh. I. Ing. Ts. (1899- 

1900) (Verg.) 62. 
Enler, Leonhard. Basel Yh. 7 (1885) (Anh,) 

39-; Barcel. Ac. Mm. 1 (1892-1900) 241-. 
Eval*d, Thedor Thedarovich, Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 

11 (P».) (1879) [Pt. 1] 117-. 

Evans, {Capt. Sir) Frederick John Owen, As. 

S. M. Not. 46 (1886) 183- ; Elect. 16 (1886) 

127- ; Gg. S. P. 8 (1886) 112- ; Lpldina. 22 

(1886) 57 ; Nt. 33 (1886) 246- ; B. S. P. 40 

(1886) i-. 
Palke, Jacob von. Wien Pht. Cor. 34 (1897) 

372. 
Fambri, Paulo. N. Antol. Sc. 153 (1897) 131- ; 

Ven. I. At. (1897-98) 319-. 
Faraday, Michael. Am. J. Phm. 39 (1867) 

576-; Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 30 (1867) 131- ; Ph. 

Mg. 34 (1867) 409- ; Smiths. Bp. (1867) 227-; 

Am. J. Sc. 45 (1868) 145- ; Miinch. Sb. (1868) 

(1) 439-; N. Cim. 28 (1868) 79-; Bee. Mth. 

(Moscou) 3 (1868) (Pt. 2) 17-; Par. BU. S. C. 

12 (1869) 172- ; B. I. P. 5 (1869) 199- ; B. S. 
P. 17 (1869) i-; Mag. Tud. Ak. Etk. (Term.) 

1 (1870) (No. 10) 16 pp. ; Par. Ac. Sc. Mm. 

36 (1870) VU-; Md. Chir. S. P. 6 (1872) 53-; 
Am. Ac. P. 8 (1873) 31-; Elect. 19 (1887) 
140-. 

Farmer, Moses Oerrish. Am. Ac. P. 29 (1894) 

415-. 
Fasoldt, Chas. Mcr. S. J. (1889) 829-. 
Fawcett, Henry. J. T61. 8 (1884) 236-. 
Fechner, Gustav Theodor. Lpldina. 23 (1887) 

217- ; Lum. i^lect. 26 (1887) 492; Humb. 7 

(1888) 84; Ph. Stud. 4 (1888) 471- ; Wien 

Aim. 38 (1888) 196-. 
Feilitzsch, F. K. 0. (Frhr.) von. Termt. Kozl. 

18 (1886) 516. 

Fein, Wilhelm EmU. Dingier 310 (1898) 40; 

Elekttech. Z. 19 (1898) 716. 
Ferraris, Galileo. Elect. 38 (1897) 497 ; Elekt- 
tech. Z. 18 (1897) 99; Lpldina. 33 (1897) 54; 

N. Cim. 5 (189'rt 231- ; Par. Poids et Mes. 

PV. (1897) 6-; Ps. Bv. 4 (1897) 505- ; Bm. 

B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1897) (Sem. 1) 189- ; Bv. 

Sc. Ind. 29 (1897) 102- ; Tor. Ac. Sc. Mm. 

47 (189*0 143- ; Ven. I. At. (1896-97) 239-; 

Termt. Kozl. 30 (1898) 648. 
Fidd, Cyrus W. J. T61. 16 (1892) 221 ; Lum. 

Elect. 45 (1892) 196. 
Fievez, Charles. Ciel et Terre 10 (1889-90) 

565-; Nt. 41 (1890) 400; Obs. 13 (1890) 

124- ; Bio Obs. Bv. (1890) 41 ; Spet. It. Mm. 

19 (1891) 17-. 

Fizeau, Armand Hippolyte Louis. Am. J. Sc. 

2 (1896) 398 ; Asps. J. 4 (1896) 367- ; Elect. 

37 (1896) 699- ; Lpldina. 32 (1896) 182 ; Nt. 
54 (1896) 523-; N. Ts. Fs. K. 1 (1896) 439-. 

Flachat, Euglne. Bv. Sc. 9 (1898) 801- ; 

Science 8 (1898) 14-. 
Fliedner, Conrad. Wet. Gs. Nt. B. (1885-87) 



XXX1-. 



Biography 0010 

Fodor, Johann. Wien Pht. Cor. 27 (1890) 294-. 
Forbes, James David. Edinb. Gl. S. T. 1 (1870) 

238-; B. S. P. 19 (1871) i-; Edinb. B. S. P. 

7 (1872) 11-. 
Forquenot, — . G^n. Civ. 8 (1885-86) 13-. 
Foucault, Jean Bernard lAon. Bv. Cours Sc. 

6 (1869) 484-; B. S. P. 17 (1869) Ixxxiii-; 
Bv. Quest. Sc. 5 (1879) 108-, 516- ; Bv. Sc. 
3 (1882) 161-. 

Fox, Robert Were. Cornwall Gl. S. T. 9 (1878) 

{Rp. 64) xi-. 
Foy, Alphanse. A. T61. 15 (1888) 5-. 
Frankland, (Sir) Edward. Am. C. J. 22 (1899) 

410- ; Anal. 24 (1899) 225-; Beri. B. 32 

(1899) 2540- ; 33 (1900) 3847-; C. N. 79 
1899) 81-; C. B. 129 (1899) 1060- ; C. Ztg. 

23 (1899) 697; Lpldina. 35 (1899) 179; Mon. 

Sc. 13 (1899) 771- ; Nt. 60 (1899) 372; S. 

Afr. C. Mtl. S. J. 2 (1899) 181- ; S. Afr. C. 

MU. S. P. 2 (1897-99) 836; S. C. In. J. 18 

(1899) 735; Z. Angew. C. (1899) 822-; 

Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. & P. 44 (1900) 

xxxviii-; Md.-Chir. T. 83 (1900) cxix; Wien 

Aim. 50 (1900) 289-; Miinch. Ak. Sb. 30 

(1901) 373-. 
Fraunhofer, Joseph von. Cztg. Opt. 8 (1887) 

73-; Z. Instk. 7 (1887) 114-. 
Freeman, (Rev.) Alexander. Obs. 20 (1897) 

293; As. S. M. Not. 58 (1898) 136- ; L. Ps. 

S. P. 16 (1899) (Ann. Meet. 1898) 8. 
Fresnel, Jean ^ti^u^^tn. C. B. 99 (1884) 451- ; 

Habana Ac. A. 21 (1884) 53-; Les Mondes 9 

(1884) 90-. 
Frew, John. I. & S. I. J. (1899) (No. 2) 293-. 
Frid, Jan. As. Nr. 143 (1897) (BeU. zu 

No. 3415) 2 pp.; Z. Zuckin. Bohm. 21 

(1896-97) 396-. 
Fnck, George. Am. Eng. & Bailroad J. 67 

(1893) 101-. 

Fripp, Henry Edward. Bristol Nt. S. P. 7 

(1894) 1-. 

Fristoe, Edward T. Wash. Ph. S. Bll. 12 

(1895) 460-. 

Froment, Paul GtLstave. A. Cons. Arts et M^t. 

7 (1895) 125-. 

GaifiFe, Adolphc. Lum. Elect. 24 (1887) 138-. 
GaiUard, Francois Alexandre Nareisse. A. T^l. 

[19] (1892) 85-. 
Gallenkamp, W. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1890) 71-. 
Galton, (Sir) Douglas Strutt. Am. Eng. & 

Bailroad J. 73 (1899) 136 ; Elect. 42 (1899) 

725-; I. CE. P. 137 (1899) 413- ; I. Elect. 

E. J. 28 (1899) 674-; I. ME. P. (1899) 129- ; 

I. & S. L J. (1899) (No. 1) 262; Nt. 59 

(1898-99) 512- ; Science 9 (1899) 421; Gl. 

Mg. 7 (1900) 429-; Met. S. QJ. 26 (1900) 

215-. 
Gassiot, John Peter. C. S. J. 33 (1878) 227-. 
Gaugain, Jean MothSe. A. T61. 7 (1880) 

409-, 513- ; 8 (1881) 67-; Caen Ac. Mm. 

(1881) 3-. 

Gaulard, Lucien. Lum. i^lect. 30 (1888) 497-; 

BaUroad & Eng. J. 63 (1889) 48. 
Gauss, Johann Friedrich Karl. B. S. P. 7 

(1856) 589-; 6asopis 6 (1877) 145- ; Nt. 15 
(1877) 533-; 28 (1883) 272-; Termt. Kozl. 
16 (1884) 496-; Science 9 (1899) 697-. 



18 



0010 Biography 

Oazzeri, Oiugeppe. Firenze Ao. Oeorg. At. 26 

(1848) 28-; Pisa S. Toso. At. (Mm.) 8 (1887) 

77-. 
O&r&ldy, Frank. Elektteoh. Z. 14 (1893) 304; 

Lam. Elect. 48 (1898) 201-. 
Gheimrdl, Silvestro. Tor. Ao. So. At. 15 (1879) 

369- ; Rm. B. Ac. Lino. T. 4 (1880) 16-. 
Gidel, — A. T^l. 20 (1893) 378. 
Gilbert, LouU Philippe. Braz. S. So. A. 16 

(1892) {Pt. 1) 102- ; Mathesis 12 (1892) 57; 

Par. S. Phlm. Bll. 4 (1892) 138- ; By. Quest. 

Sc. 31 (1892) 620- ; 38 (1893) 591-. 
Gintl, Julius WUham. Wien Aim. 34 (1884) 

196-. 
Giiard, PhiHppe de. Bv. So. 40 (1887) 257-. 
Giraad-Teolon, Marc Antoine Louis Felix. 

Arch. G^n. Md. 160 (1887) 505- ; Lpldina. 

23 (1887) 162; A. d'Ooul. 99 (1888) 9-; 

Par. S. Chir. Bll. et Mm. 15 (1889) 15-. 
Gisbome, — . Lam. illeot. 45 (1892) 634. 
Glan, Paul. Berl. Ps. Gs. Yh. (1898) 121- ; 

Lpldina. 34 (1898) 141-. 
Gi>schl, Alexander. Wien Pht. Ck>r. 37 (1900) 

598-. 
Qoetz, Oearge W. Am. I. Mn. £. T. 27 (1898) 

436-. 
Goodwin, H. Stanley. Am. Eng. & Bailroad 

J. 67 (1893) 101. 
Goodwin, John MarsUm. Bailroad & Eng. J. 

65 (1891) 574. 
Gordon, James Edward Henry. Elect. 30 (1893) 

417- ; Elect. Bv. 32 (1893) 159- ; I. CE. P. 

113 (1893) 346-; Lum. ilect. 47 (1893) 439-. 
Gottschalk, Philippe Alexandre. G^n. Civ. 32 

(1897-98) 306; I. ME. P. (1898) 312- ; I. <k 

S. I. J. (1898J {No. 2) 328- ; Par. Ing. Civ. 

Mm. (1898) (Pt. 1} 355-. 
Goain, Ernest. Gen. Civ. 6 (1884-85) 370; 

Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1885) {Ft. 1) 569-. 
Ck>vi, Gilberto. Firenze Ac. Georg. At. 12 

(1889) ZXXIX-; Par. Poids et Mes. PV. (1889) 

10-; Bv. Sc.-Ind. 21 (1889) 176; Tor. Ac. 

Sc. At. 25 (1890) 10-. 
Gralath, Daniel. Danzig Schr. 6 (1884-87) 

IHe/t 4) 192-. 
Grawinkei, Carl. Elektteoh. Z. 15 (1894) 461. 
Gregory, Walter George. L. Ps. S. P. 11 (1892) 

{Ann. Meet. 1892) 11. 
Griffith, Ezra HoUU. Am. Mcr. S. P. 15 (1893) 

247-. 
Grinwis, Comelis Hubertus Carolus. Amst. 

Ak. Vs. 8 (1900) 326. 
Grove, {Sir) William Robert. Am. J. Sc. 2 

(1896) 314; Elect. 37 (1896) 483-; Elect. 

Bv. 39 (1896) 181; Lpldina. 32 (1896) 137- ; 

Nt. 54 (1896) 393- ; I. CE. P. 127 (1897) 358-. 
Granert, Johann August. Arch. Mth. Ps. 55 

(1873) 1-; Wien Ahn. (1873) 145-. 
Gnbkin, Ivan Sergeevie. Mosc. S. Sc. Bll. 78 

{No. 2) (1893) 64-. 
Goerout, Auguste. Lam. i^lect. 19 (1886) 433. 
Goibal, TheophiU. G^n. Civ. 13 (1888) 366; 

Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1888) {Ft. 2) 531- ; Bv. 

Un. Mines 4 (1888) i- ; Hain. S. Mm. 2 (1890) 

xix-; Fed. I. Mn. E. T. 1 (1892) 79-. 
Gaidl, Filippo. Bm. N. Lino. At. 53 (1900) 

50-. 



Biography 0010 

Gailleaume, F. C. Lum, ]&leot. 26 (1887) 

595. 
Gusinde, Oswald. Elektteoh. Z. 17 (1896) 

792. 
Guthrie, Francis. J. Bt. 37 (1899) 528; Nt. 

61 (1899-1900) 84. 
Guthrie, Frederick. Gl. S. QJ. 43 (1887) (P.) 

48 ; L. Ps. S. P. 8 (1887) [Ann. Meet. 1887) 

9-; Nt. 35 (1887) 8-; Termt. Kozl. 19 

(1887) 505. 
Gyld^n, Johann August Hugo. C. B. 123 

(1896) 771- ; Lpldina. 32 (1896) 189; Obs. 
19 (1896) 446; St. P^t. Ac. Sc. BU. 5 (1896) 
Ixvii-; Acta Mth. 20 (1897) 397-; As. Nr. 
143 (1897) 49-; As. S. M. Not. 57 (1897) 
222-; Bll. As. 14 (1897) 289-; Ciel et Terre 
17 (1896-97) 568-; Helsingf. Acta 23 (1897) 
No. 9, 29 pp.; Leip. As. Gs. Vjschr. 32 

(1897) 8-; Nt. 55 (1896-97) 38, 158- ; Wiad. 
Mt. 1 (1897) 31-; Munch. Ak. Sb. 27 (1898) 
409-. 

Hachette, Jean Nicolas Pierre. Fr. S. Ag. Mm. 

(1834) 143-. 
Hansch, Hermann. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1896) 

77-. 
Haidinger, Wilhelm Karl von. Ausl. 44 (1871) 

449-; Bonn Cor.-Bl. NH. Vr. (1871) 15-; 

Bv. Cours Sc. 1 (1871) 410- ; Wien Aim. 

(1871) 159- ; Wien Jb. Gl. 21 (1871) 31-; B. 

S. P. 20(1872) XXV- ; Mag. Tud. Ak. tvk. 13 

(1876) (No. 10) 15-. 
Hajech, Camillo. Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 17 (1884) 

56-. 
Hake, Rudolph. Elektteoh. Z. 18 (1897) 281. 
Hallaschka, Franz Cassian. Briinn Mt. 65 

(1885) (BeiL) 33. 
Hallauer, Octave Reni. Mulhouse S. In. Bll. 

54 (1884) 139- ; Science 4 (1884) 306-. 
Halske, Johann Georg. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. 

(1890) 39-. 
Hamilton, (Sir) William Rowan. Am. J. Sc. 

42 (1866) 293-; As. S. M. Not. 26 (1866) 

109- ; Ir. Ac. P. 9 (1867) 307-. 
Hampson, Robert Stewart. I. Elect. E. J. 28 

(1899) 675-. 
Hankel, Wilhelm Gottlieb. Elektteoh. Z. 20 

(1899) 181; Leip. Mth. Ps. B. 51 (1899) 

Ixvii-; Lpldina. 35 (1899) 58-; Ps. Bv. 9 

(1899) 58 ; Miinch. Ak. Sb. 30 (1901) 348-. 
Harris, (Sir) William Snow. B. S. P. 16 (1868) 

• • • 

XVU1-. 

Harting, PieUr. Lpldina. 21 (1885) 215 ; Amst . 

Ak. Jb. (1888) 1-. 
Hartnack, Edmund. Termt. Edzl. 24 (1892) 

642; Ts. Ps. C. 31 (1892) 64. 
Hasler, Gustav. Sch. Nf. Gs. Vh. (1900) 

xlviii-. 
Haughton, (Rev,) Samuel. Gl. Mg. 4 (1897) 

573-; I. ME. P. (1897) 514- ; Mn. Mg. 11 

(1897) 346-; Gl. S. QJ. 54 (1898) Ixvi-; Ir. 

NUist. 7 (1898) 1-; Nt. 57 (1897-98) 65-; B. 

S. P. 62 (1898) xxix-. 
Hausmann, Johannes. Elektteoh. Z. 21 (1900) 

1004. 
Hawksley, Thomas. I. & S. I. J. (1893) (No. 2) 

290; Nt. 48 (1893) 522; I. CE. P. 117 (1894) 

364r-; Met. S. QJ. 20 (1894) 111-; B. S. P. 

55 (1894) xvi-. 

19 b2 



0010 Biography 

Hoarder, Jonathan Nash, Devon. As. T. 9 

(1877) 65-; Plym. I. T. 6 {Pt, 1) (1877) 

160-. 
Held, Hermann, Wien Pht. Cor. 28 (1891) 

214-. 
HeUer, Agost. Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 18 (1903) 

473-. 
Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von, 

A. d'Ooul. 112 (1894) 225-; Arch. f. Oph. 40 
(1894) (Ah. 4) [v]-; Arch. Oph. 23 (1894) 
514- ; Arch. Ot. 23 (1894) 382; Berl. B. 27 
(1894) 2643-; Bresl. Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1894) 
Ullg. B,) 32-; [Buoarest S. So. Bl. 3 (1894)] 
260-; C. N. 70 (1894) 146; C. B. 119 (1894) 
1044- ; C. Z\%. 18 (1894) 1395; Gztg. Opt. 
15 (1894) 205- ; Dabl. J. Md. So. 98 (1894) 
459-; Elect. Bv. 35 (1894) 319- ; Elektteoh. 
Z. 15 (1894) 613- ; J. T^l. 18 (1894) 358; 
Lpldina. 30 (1894) 163; Mon. Sc. 8 (1894) 
782, 801- ; Kt. 50 (1894) 479-; Bv. Sc. 2 

(1894) 379, 429- ; 8 (1897) 321-, 360- ; Bv. 
So.-Ind. 26 (1894) 160; Bv. Sper. Freniatr. 
20 (1894) 671- ; Smiths. Bp. (1894) 709- ; 

(1895) 787-; St. P^t. Ac. Sc. BU. 1 (1894) 
iProt.) 51-; Wien Md. Wschr. 44 (1894) 
1645-; 46 (1896) 1-, 44-, 98-; Z. Instk. 14 
(1894) 341- ; Z. Nw. 67 (1894) 321- ; Am. 
Ac. P. 30 (1895) 592-; Ciel et Terre 15 
(1894-95) 422; CreUe J. Mth. 114 (1895) 
353 ; Frkf. a. M. Ps. Vr. Jbr. (1894-95) 24-; 
Fschr. Md. 13 (1895) 123-, 163- ; I. CE. P. 
119 (1895) 361- ; Kdnigsb. Schr. 35 (1895) 
63-, [38]; L. Ps. S. P. 13 (1895) (Ann, 
Meet. 1895) 9-; Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. & 
P. 9 (1895) 230- ; Md.-Chir. T. 78 (1895) 
cvi ; Phm. J. 25 (1895) 222 ; Ps. Bv. 2J1895) 
222- ; Senokb. Nf . Os. B. (1895) v- ; Termt. 
Kdzl. 27 (1895) 18- ; Wien Aim. 45 (1895) 
283-; Z.Ohrh.26(1895)252-; Zilr. Nf. Gs. 
Njbl. (1895) 36 pp.; Berl. Ak. Ab. (1896) 
50 pp. ; G. S. J. 69 (1896) 885-; Miinch. Ak. 
Sb. 25 (1896) 185- ; B. I. P. 14 (1896) 481- ; 

B. S. P. 59 (1896) xvii- ; Science 3 (1896) 
189- ; Wiirtb. Jh. 52 (1896) ci-; Gen. S. Ps. 
Mm. 32 (1894-97) {Pt, 1) Ixxvi-; Heidi. Nt. 
Md. Vh. 5 (1897) 315- ; N. Antol. Sc. 171 
(1900) 710- ; Practit. 64 (1900) 664-. 

Hemenway, Frank F, Am. Eng. & Bailroad 

J. 72 (1898) 384. 
Henry, Joseph. Am. J. Sc. 15 (1878) 462-; 

Smiths. Bp. (1878) 143- ; Wash. Ph. S. Bll. 

2 (1875-80) 203- ; Smiths. Misc. Col. 20 

(1881) Art. 2, 203- ; 21 (1881) Art, 3, 514 pp. ; 

30 (1887) x + 523 and vi + 559 pp. ; Elect. 28 

(1892) 327-, 348-, 407-, 661- ; Elect. Bv. 46 

(1900) 77-, 88-. 
Hermann, Rudolph, Mosc. S. Nt. Bll. 54 

(1879, Pt, 2) (1880) 159- ; St. Pet. Mn. Gs. 

Vh. 16 (1881) 1-. 
Herschel, {Sir) John Frederick William. Brux. 

Ac. Bll. 31 (1871) 478- ; Smiths. Bp. (1871) 

109-; Am. Ph. S. P. 12 (1872) 217- ; As. S. 

M. Not. 32 (1872) 122- ; Edinb. B. S. P. 7 

(1872) 543-; B. S. P. 20 (1872) xvii-; Bv. 

Sc.-Ind. 3 (1872) 40-; Am. Ac. P. 8 (1873) 

461- : Wien Aim. (1873) 147- ; Mag. Tud. 

Ak. Etk. {Mth,) 3 (1875) {No. 3) 14 pp.; Wien 

Pht. Cor. 24 (1887) 7-. 



Biography 0010 

Hertz, Heinrich Rudolph. Frkf. a. M. Ps. Yr. 
Jbr. (1892-93) 56- ; Z. Nw. 66 (1893) 370- ; 
Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1894) 9-; C. Ztg. 18 
(1894) 21 ; Elect. 32 (1894) 273 ; 33 (1894) 
272-, 299, 332-, 415- ; Elekttech. Z. 15 
(1894) 28; Lpldina. 30 (1894) 54-; Lum. 
Elect. 51 (1894) 150, 241- ; Manch. Lt. Ph. 
S. Mm. (fe P. 8 (1894) 214^ ; N. Cim. 35 
(1894) 5- ; Nt. 49 (1893-94) 265- ; Ps. Bv. 1 
(1894) 383-; Bv. Sc. 1 (1894) 123- ; Bv. Sc.- 
Ind. 26 (1894) 32; Smiths. Bp. (1894) 719- ; 
Termt. Kdzl. 26 (1894) {Suppl.) 49- ; Ts. Ps. 
C. 33 (1894) 129- ; Wien Aim. 44 (1894) 263-; 
Erlang. Ps. Md. S. Sb. 26 (1895) 15-; Munch. 
Ak. Sb. 24 (1895) 146- ; Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. 
Vh. 11 (1896) {Ab,) 355- ; B. I. P. 14 (1896) 
321- ; Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 32 (1894-97) Pt. 1, 
Ixix-; Danzig Schr. 9 (1895-98) (Heft 1) 

XXV- . 

Hess, Johann Jakob. Ziir. Vjschr. 41 (1896) 

(Festschr., Th. 1) 124-. 
Hessel, Johann Friedrich Christian, N. Jb. 

Mn. (1896) {Bd. 2) 107-. 
Hick, John, I. CE. P. 117 (1894) 379-; I. 

ME. P. (1894) 161- ; I. & S. I. J. (1894) 

{No. 1) 391. 
Higginson, Alfred. Lpool. Lt. Ph. S. P. 39 

(1885) xl-. 
Hilger, Adam, Asps. J. 6 (1897) 139- ; Nt. 56 

(1897) 34 ; As. S. M. Not. 58 (1898) 138. 
Hipp, Matthdus. Elekttech. Z. 14 (1893) 323-, 

715 ; Neuch. S. So. Bll. 24 (1896)212-. 
Him, Gustav Adolph. Bdne Ac. Hip. Bll. 24 

(1891) (C, R. 1890) iii- ; Brux. Ac. Bll. 19 

(1890) 175- ; 20 (1890) 132- ; C. B. 110 (1890) 

115- ; Lpldina. 26 (1890) 56; Manch. Lt. 

Ph. S. Mm. d P. 3 (1890) 159- ; Nt. 41 (1890) 

323-; Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1890) {Pt, 1) 

109- ; Bio Obs. Bv. (1890) 41- ; Bv. Sc. 45 

(1890) 193- ; Bv. Sc.-lnd. 22 (1890) 60 ; A. 

Cons. Arts et M^t. 3 (1891) 276-; Termt. 

Kdzl. 23 (1891) 633; Ts. Ps. C. 30 (1891) 

63. 
Hirst, Thomas Archer. Lpldina. 28 (1892) 59; 

Nt. 45 (1892) 399- ; As. S. M. Not. 53 (1893) 

218- ; L. Ps. S. P. 12 (1894) (Ann, Meet. 

1893) 9; B. S. P. 52 (1893) xii-. 
Hopfner, C. Z. Nw. 73 (1900) 367-. 
Hoffmann, Josef. Wien Pht. Cor. 34 (1897) 

320. 
Hofstede, J. P. Elekttech. Z. 14 (1893) 204. 
Hoh, Theodor. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1888) 61- ; 

Bamb. Nf. Gs. B. 15 (1890) iii-. 
Holloway, Josephus FTavius. Am. Eng. & 

Baikoad J. 70 (1896) 264; Am. I. Mn. E. T. 

26 (1897) 827-. 
Homolatsch, Josef. Wien Pht. Cor. 25| (1888) 

217-. 
Hopkinson, John. Elect. 41 (1898) 622-; 

Elect. Bv. 43 (1898) 338- ; Elekttech. Z. 19 

(1898) 617 ; I. ME. P. (1898) 534- ; J. T^l. 
22 (1898) 278-; L. Mth. S. P. 29 (1898) 
727-; Nt. 58 (1898) 419- ; I. CE. P. 135 

(1899) 338-; 1. Elect. E. J. 27 (1899) 647- ; 
28 (1899) 676- ; L. Ps. S. P. 16 (1899) (Ann, 
Meet. 1899) 9 ; B. S. P. 64 (1899) xvii-. 

Hoppe, Ernst Reinhold Eduard, D. Ps. Gs. 
Vh. (1900) 183- ; Lpldma. 36 (1900) 132. 



20 



0010 Biography 

Homer, Joharm Caspar. Ziir. Yjsohr. 41 

(1896) {Festsehr., Th. 1) 79-. 
Homer, Joharm Jakob, Ziir. Vjschr. 41 (1896) 

{FettMchr., Th. 1.) 227-. 
Homig, Emil. Wien Pht. Cor. 27 (1890) 57-. 
Howant, James Liviey. L. Ps. S. P. 17 (1901) 

{Atm, Meet. 1980) 13-; Ph. Mg. 49 (1900) 

160. 
Hubbftrd, Oardiner Oreene. Science 6 (1897) 

974- ; Og. J. 11 (1898) 186. 
Hnet, Adrien. *s Grayenh. I. Ing. Ts. (1898- 

99) (Verg,) 162-. 
Hughes, David Edward, Elect. 44 (1900) 457- ; 

Elect. Bv. 46 (1900) 185- ; Elekttech. Z. 21 

(1900) 120; I. Elect. E. J. 29 (1900) 950- ; 

J. Td. 24 (1900) 63- ; Lpldina. 36 (1900) 49 ; 

L. Ps. S. P. 17 (1901) (Ann. Meet. 1900) 

12 ; Nt. 61 (1899-1900) 325-. 
Hnmblot, Pierre C6saire. A. T^l. 12 (1885) 

573-. 
Hunt, J. Gibbons. Am. Mcr. S. P. 14 (1892) 

166-. 
Hunt, Bobert. Nt. 37 (1888) 14 ; Phot. J. 12 

(1888) 77-; Yorks. Gl. S. P. 10 (1889) 243-; 

B. S. P. 47 (1890) i-. 
TAnson, James. I. & S. I. J. (1898) {No. 1) 

317; Nt. 57 (1897-98) 666. 
Iselin, J. F. L. Ps. S. P. 6 (1885) (Ann. Meet. 

1885) 11-. 
JablochkofF, Paid. Elect. 32 (1894) 663-; J. 

T^l. 18 (1894) 171 ; Lorn, ilect. 52 (1894) 

95-. 
Jackson, George. Mcr. S. J. (1895) 16. 
Jacob! , Moritz Hermann von. St. P6t. Ac. Sc. 

BU. 21 (1876) 261- ; St. Pet. Ac. Sc. Mm. 

(Rs.) 28 (1876) 61-. 
Jamin, Jules Cilestin. A^. (1886) 43-; C. B. 

102 (1886) 339-; G^n. Civ. 8 (1885-86) 255; 

Lpldina. 22 (1886) 58; Lum. Elect. 19 (1886) 

375- ; N. Gim. 19 (1886) 96 ; Nt. 33 (1886) 

374, 493-; By. Sc.-Ind. 18 (1886) 94-; Tel. 

J. 18 (1886) 177 ; Ts. Ps. C. 27 (1888) 286. 

Jedlik, Anyos Istvdn. Nt. 53 (1895-96) 516- ; 

Termt. K5zl. 28/1896) 637-; 29 (1897) 387-; 

1^. Tad. Ak. Ets. 8 (1897) 273- ; Mth. Nt. 

B. Ung. 15 (1899) 401-. 
Jellett, (Rev.) John Hewitt. Nt. 37 (1888) 

396-. 
Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. A. T61. 12 

(1885) 286- ; Elect. 15 (1885) 97 ; I. CE. P. 

82 (1885) 365- ; I. ME. P. /l885) 458- ; J. 

T^. 9 (1885) 137- ; Lam. Elect. 16 (1885) 

629 ; Nt. 32 (1885) 153- ; Tel. E. J. 14 (1885) 

345-; Tel. J. 16 (1885) 554-; B. S. P. 39 (1886) 

i-; Edinb. B. S. P. 14 (1888) 117 (bis)-. 
Joluuines, Bemhard. Wien Pht. Cor. 36 

(1899) 295-. 
Johnson, Charles Roberts. Am. Eng. A Bail- 
road J. 67 (1893) 499-. 
Jolly, PhUipp Johann (hutav von. Lpldina. 

20(1884)224; Met. Z. 2 (1885) 276- ; Mtoch. 

Ak. Sb. 15 (1886) 119-. 
Jones, Thomas P. Franklin I. J. 130 (1890) 

1-. 
Jones, {Capt.) William Richard. Bailroad A 

Eng. J. 63 (1889) 531- ; I. <fe S. I. J. (1890) 

{No. 1) 179-. 



Biography 0010 

Jordan, Samson. Eng. S. T. (1900) 267-; I. 
& S. I. J. (1900) (No. 1) 253-; Nt. 61 (1899- 
1900) 644- ; Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1900) (Pt. 
1, A) 237-; By. Un. Mines 49 (1900) 285-. 

Jordan, Thomas Brown. Cornwall Pol. S. Bp. 

(1890) 18-. 

Joale, James Prescott. C. Ztg. 13 (1889) 

1409; Educ. Times 42 (1889) 472; Elect. 23 

(1889) 600- ; Lpldina. 25 (1889) 216- ; Lam. 

Elect. 34 (1889) 195- ; Magdeb. Nt. Yr. Jbr. 

a. Ab. (1889) 75; M^x. Obs. Bl. 2 (1889) 408 ; 

Nt. 40 (1889) 613- ; Tel. J. 25 (1889) 457- ; 

Am. Ac. P. 25 (1890) 346-; C. S. J. 57 (1890) 

449-; Glasg. I. Eng. T. 33 (1890) 210- ; L. 

Ps. S. P. 10 (1890) (Ann. Meet. 1890) 10- ; 

Termt. Kdzl. 22 (1890) 81- ; Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 

25 (1890) 36- ; Ts. Ps. C. 29 (1890) 29-. 
Joasselin, Paul Louis. Par. Ing. CIy. Mm. 

(1893) (Pt. 2) 416-; Gdn.Civ. 24 (1893-94) 63. 
JoYanovits, Anastas. Wien Pht. Cor. 36 (1899) 

730-. 
Kambly, Ludwig. Bresl. Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1887) 

403-. 
Kargl, Franz. Wien Pht. Cor. 30 (1893) 553-. 
Earsten, Gustav. D. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1900) 147- ; 

Lpldina. 36 (1900) 49-. 
Eastner, Karl Wilhelm Gottlob. Arch. Phm. 

146 (1858) 321- ; 151 (1860) 93-. 
EaYcn, August von. Hann. Archt.-Vr. Z. 37 

(1891) 445-. 

KeUand, Philip. B. S. P. 29 (1879) yh-; 
Edinb. B. S. P. 10 (1880) 321-. 

Khnball, Alonzo Smith. Am. Ac. P. 33 (1898) 
524-; Science 7 (1898)^54-. 

King, Frank. I. Elect. E. J. 29 (1900) 955-. 

Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert. A. cU C. 6 (1887) 
380 ; Am. J. Sc. 34 (1887) 496 ; Berl. B. 20 
(1887) 2771- ; Bresl. Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1887) 
172-; C. Ztg. 11 (1887) 1315; Cztg. Opt. 8 
(1887) 265-; Elekttech. Z. 8 (1887) 457-; 
Lpldina. 23 (1887) 216; Lam. Elect. 26 

(1887) 194- ; Monoalieri Oss. Bll. 7 (1887) 
192; Nt. 36 (1887) 606- ; Obs. 10 (1887) 
396; Oestr. Z. Brgw. 35 (1887) (Beil.) 100; 
Wien Md. Wschr. 37 (1887) 1416; Wien Pht. 
Cor. 24 (1887) 476-; Am. Ac. P. 23 (1888) 
370- ; As. Nr. 118 (1888) 47-; A. T^l. 16 

(1888) 96; Hamb. 7 (1888) 38; L. Ps. S. P. 
9 (1888) (Ann, Meet. 1888) 12-; Phm. J. 18 
(1888) 376 ; Termt. Eozl. 20 (1888) (SuppL) 
23-; Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 23 (1887-88) 2-; Ts. 
Ps. C. 27 (1888) 372- ; Wien Aim. 33 (1888) 
193- ; Gdtt. Ab. 35 (1889) (Mth.) 10 pp. ; 
Miinch. Ak. Sb. 18 (1889) 181- ; Smiths. 
Bp. (1889) 527- ; B. S. P. 46 (1890) yi-. 

Kirk, Alexander Carnegie. I. ME. F. (1892) 

405- ; Glasg. I. Eng. T. 36 (1893) 320- ; I. 

CE. P. Ill (1893) 380- ; Ny. Archt. T. 34 

(1893) 238-. 
Kleiber, loHf AndreevH. As. Nr. 129 (1892) 

151- ; Bs. PS.-C. S. J. 24 (Ps.) (1892) 64-; 

As. S. M. Not. 53 (1893) 219-. 
Enoblaach, Carl Hermann. C. Ztg. 19 (1895) 

1247; D. Nf. Vh. (1895) (Th. 1) 25; Lpldina. 

31 (1895) 116-. 
Koch, Carl. Wien Pht. Cor. 34 (1897) 80-. 
Koch, Karl Ferdinand. Erfart Ak. Jb. 17 

(1892) 135-. 



21 



0010 Biography 

Koechlin, imUe, Mulhouse S. In. BU. 64 

(1884) 100-. 
Kolbe, Josef. Elektteoh. Z. 21 (1900) 1004. 
EoUer, Karl, Wien Pht. Cor. 27 (1890) 

41-. 
Kopp, Charles Chiillaume. Neuch. S. Sc. Bll. 

20 (1892) 146-. 
Kovalevskij, Sofja VasUjevna, Bll. So. Mth. 

15 (1891) 212- ; Christiania F. (1891) (Ov.) 

8- ; Crelle J. Mth. 108 (1891) 88 ; Lpldina. 

27 (1891) 69- ; Nt. 43 (1891) 375- ; Paienno 

Cir. Mt. Bd. 6 (1891) 121- ; Bv. Mt. 1 (1891) 

21- ; Bv. Quest. So. 29 (1891) 695- ; A. Mt. 

19 (1891-92) 201- ; As. & Asps. 11 (1892) 

281- ; Aota Mth. 16 (1892-93) 385-; Beo. 

Mth. (Mosoou) 16 (1893) 1-. 
Eraevifi, Konstantin Dmitrievi6, Bs. Ps.-C. 

S. J. 24 (P«.) (1892) 66-. 
Kramer, Oscar. Wien Pht. Cor. 29 (1892) 

264-. 
Kroh, Carl, Wien Pht. Cor. 24 (1887) 46. 
Kruesi, John. I. Eleot. £. J. 28 (1899) 

678-. 
Kundt, August Adolf Eduard Eberhard, Berl. 

B. 27 (1894) 1374- ; Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1894) 

61-; Elektteoh. Z. 15 (1894) 307- 409- ; 

Lpldina. 30 (1894) 156- ; Moso. S. So. Bll. 

91 (No, 1) (1894) 35- ; Nt. 60 (1894) 152- ; 

St. P6t. Ao. So. Bll. 1 (1894) (Prot,) 27- ; 

Ts. Ps. C. 33 (1894) 128; Z. Nw. 67 (1894) 

84-; Kazan S. Ps.-Mth. BU. 4 (1895) (Prot,) 

97- ; Manoh. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. <fr P. 9 (1895) 

212- ; Ps. Bv. 2 (1896) 68-; Vars. S. Nt. 

Tr. (1894-96) (C. -B., Ps. C) 127- ; Erlang. 

Ps. Md. S. Sb. 27 (1896) 54-; Miinoh. Ak. 

Sb. 26 (1896) 177- ; Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 32 

(1894-97) Pt, 1, Ixxiii-. 
Laooine, ^mUe Henri {Effendi). J. T^l. 23 

(1899) 66 ; Lyon S. Ag. A. 7 (1901) 33-. 
Ladd, WUliam. Eleot. 14 (1886) 496 ; As. S. 

M. Not. 46 (1886) 191-. 
Lafoye, Frangois Louis Leonard de, Caen Ao. 

Mm. (1891) {Pt, 2) 96-. 
Lagarde, Henrt, Doubs S. Mm. 5 (1891) xv-, 

403-. 
Lagarde, Joseph, A. T61. 24 (1898) 91-. 
Lallemand, Alexandre, Lpldina. 22 (1886) 

112. 
Lamartine, Louis Francois de, M&con Ao. A. 

11 fl895) 198— 
Lam^, Gairiel, A. Mines 1 (1872) 271- ; Bv. 

So. 14 (1878) 720-. 
Lander, James Nelson. Am. Eng. & Bailrood 

J. 68 (1894) 472. 
Landratn, Ffiedrich Wilhelm Eduard. Elekt- 
teoh. Z. 19 (1898) 629. 
Landsberg, Carl, Cztg. Opt. 12 (1891) 97. 
Laplaoe, Pierre Simon {le marquis) de. Hall Bij . 

2 (1826) 284- ; Par. Mm. Ao. So. 10 (1831) 

(H,) 81- ; Pop. As. 3 (1896) 1-. 
Lapdin, VasUij IvanovU. N. Bs. S. Nt. Mm. 

13 (No, 2) (1888) 2 pp. 
Lartigue, Henry. A. T61. 11 (1884) 461-. 
Laurens, CamiUe, Q4n. Civ. 18 (1890-91) 194-. 
Lavalley, Alexandre TModore, Q4n. Civ. 21 

(1892) 219 ; Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1892) (Pt. 2) 
1002- ; I. CE. P. Ill (1893) 383-; I. ME. P. 

(1893) 93-. 



Biography 0010 

Lea, Matthew Carey. Am. J. So. 3 (1897) 

428 ; Nt. 56 (1897) 35 ; Soienoe 6 (1897) 767; 

Wien Pht. Cor. 34 (1897) 320; Franklin I. J. 

146 (1898) 143-. 
Lebouoher, Jacques Arstne, Caen Ao. Mm. 

(1891) (Pt, 2) 100-. 
Le Conte, John, Am. J. So. 41 (1891) 525-; 

Am. Ntlist. 25 (1891) 412 ; As. S. Pac. Pb. 

3 (1891) 254- ; Soienoe 17 (1891) 257 ; Calif. 

Ao. P. 3 (1893) 361-. 
Lemonnier, Louis Guillaume, Par. Mm. de 

PI. 3 [H,) (1800) 101-. 
Lemonnier, Paul Hippolyte. Par. Ing. Civ. 

Mm. (1894) (Pt. 2) 886-. 
Liagre, Jean Baptiste Joseph. Brux. Ao Bll. 

21 (1891) 77-; Ciel et Terre 11 (1890-91) 
541- ; Doubs S. Mm. 6 (1892) vii-. 

Liesegang, Paul Ed. Wien Pht. Cor. 33 (1896) 

602-. 
LiouvUle, Joseph. Edinb. B. S. P. 14 (1888) 

83 (bis)-. 
Lister, Joseph Jaxikson. M. Mcr. J. 3 (1870) 

134-. 
Lloyd, Humphrey. B. S. P. 31 (1881) xxi-. 
Lo Cioero, Giuseppe. Palermo Ao. At. 1 (1891) 

22 pp. 

Loewenherz, Leopold. Elektteoh. Z. 13 (1892) 
621 ; Lpldina. 28 (1892) 208- ; Z. Instk. 13 
(1893) 177-. 

Loiseau, Constant. A. d'Ooul. 104 (1890) 273 ; 
105(1891)71-. 

Lommel, Eugen Cornelius Joseph von, C. Ztg. 

23 (1899) 539 ; Elektteoh. Z. 20 (1899) 468 ; 
Lpldma. 36 (1899) 160- ; D. Mth. Vr. Jbr. 8 
(1900) (Heft 1) 47- ; Termt. K6zl. 32 (1900) 
694 ; Mtinoh. Ak. Sb. 30 (1901) 324-. 

Lomonosov, Michail Vasi^evii. St. Pet. Ao. 

So. Mm. (Rs.) 8 ('1866) (Aj^. No. 7) 119 pp. 
Longo, Agatino, Catania Ao. Gioen. Bll. 9 

(1889) 9-. 
Loomis, Elias. Lpldina. 25 (1889) 214 ; Met. 

Z. 6 (1889) 466-; M^x. Obs. Bl. 2 (1889) 

406- ; Monoalieri Oss. Bll. 9 (1889) 164; Nt. 

40 (1889) 401 ; Obs. 12 (1889) 358 ; BaUroad 

A Eng. J. 63 (1889) 435 ; Wetter 6 (1889) 

217 ; Am. Ao. P. 25 (1890) 324- ; Am. J. So. 

39 (1890) 427-; Am. Met. J. 6 (1889-90) 

272- ; 7 (1890-91) 97- ; Ciel et Terre 10 

(1889-90) 341 ; Met. S. QJ. 16 (1890) 101 ; 

Sid. Mess. 9 (1890) 241- ; Smiths. Bp.J1890) 

741- ; Sym. Met. Mg. 24 (1890) 122 ; Termt. 

E5zl. 22 (1890) 640. 
Lorenz, Ludvig Valentin, Ts. Ps. C. 30 (1891) 

286-. 
Loring, Edward Oreely (jun.). Am. Oph. S. 

T. (1888) 16- ; Arch. Oph. 17 (1888) 264 ; 

N. Y. Md. J. 47 (1888) 467. 
Losohmidt, Josef. Wien Aim. 46 (1896) 258- ; 

Ps. Z. 1 (1900) 169-, 180-, 254-, 264-. 
Lossier, Louis. Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 32 (1894-97) 

Pt. 1, iii-. 
Love, Paul Henry. G^n. Civ. 18 (1890-91) 

311; Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1891) (Pt. 1) 

163-. 
Lovering, Joseph. Am. J. So. 43 (1892) 167; 

Lpldina. 28 (1892) 102; Am. Ao. P. 27 

(1893) 372-. 
Luca, Ferdinando de. H Polit. 18 (1870) 612-. 



22 



0010 Biography 

Lnckhaidt, FriU. Wien Pht. C!or. 82 (1891^ 

69-. 
Luggin, Hans. Z. Elektch. (1899-1900) 373. 
LuTini, Oiowmni, Acireale Ac. At. 3 (1891) 

YU ; MoncaUeri Oss. BU. 12 (1892) 46 ; Bv. 

Sc-Ind. [24 (1892)] 52. 
McQueen, Walter, Am. Eng. & Bailroad J. 67 

(1893) 354. 
Magnus, HHnrieh Guatav. Mon. Sc. 12 (1870) 

657-; Smiths. Bp. (1870) 223-; Arch. Phm. 

197 (1871) 83- ; Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 40 (1871) 

61-; Berl. Ab. (1871) 1-; B. S. P. 20 (1872) 

xxvii-. 
Ifagrini, LtUgi. BfU. I. Lomb. Bd. 2 (1869) 

89—. 
Mahlknecht, Carl, Wien Phi Ck>r. 30 (1893) 

552. 
Biaier, Juliu8. Elektteoh. Z. 16 (1895) 781. 
MaicYskij, Nikolaj Vladimirovii. Bs. Ps.-G. 

S. J. 24 (P«.) (1892) 98-. 

Malus, J^tienne LouU. Par, Mm. de VI. (1812) 

(H.) xxvii-. 
Mangin, (U col.) Alphonse. G^n. Giy. 8 

(1885-86) 47. 
Marianini, SUfano. Yen. At. 12 (1866-67) 

459- ; Mod. Mm. S. It. 1 (pU. 1) (1867) 33-; 

Smiths. Bp. (1869) 179-. 
Mari^-Davy, Edme Hippolyte. G6n. Civ. 23 

(1893) 194; MoncaUeri Oss. BU. 13 (1893) 

145; Nt. 48 (1898) 851; Bv. So.-Ind. 25 

(1893) 164 ; Met. S. QJ. 20 (1894) 109. 
Bfarin, AlexU, Bucaiest S. Sc. Bl. 4 (1895) 

98-. 
Mariot, Emanuel, Wien Pht. Cor. 28 (1891) 

396— 
Marsati AnUnne Hippolyte. A. T^l. 15 (1888) 

479-. 
Biarsh, Frederick Samuel. Fed. I. Mn. E. T. 

5 (1893) 481-. 

Martin, Edward H. Am. Eng. & BaUroad J. 

67 (1898) 101. 
Marum, Martinus van. Haarl. Ms. Teyl. Arch. 

6 (1900) 853-. 

Massmann, Ernst August . Elektteoh. Z. 12 

(1891) 821. 
Mathias, Ferdinand, G^n. Civ. 17 (1890) 

384-. 
Mathieu, Emile Leonard. Lpldina. 26 (1890) 

215 ; Nancy S. Sc. BU. (1891) 1-; N. Y. Mth. 

S. BU. 1 (1892) 156-, 2d6. 
Matteucci, Carlo, Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 32 (1868) 

212- ; H PoUt. 6 (1868) {Let. sc) 75-, 225-; 

N. Cim. 28 (1868) 384-; Wien Z. Met. 3 

(1868) 593- ; Mod. Mm. S. It. 2 (1869-76) 

Ixv-. 
Matthes, Carel Johannes. Amst. Ak. Jb. (1882) 

liaurat, Jules, Par. S. Ps. S4. (1898) 19*-, 22*-. 
MaxweU, James Clerk. Edinb. B. S. P. 10 

(1880) 331- ; Kosmos (Lw.). 6 (1881) 129- ; 

B. S. P. 33 (1882) i-. 
MayaU, John, Mcr. S. J. (1891) 673-. 
Mayer, Alfred Marshall. Am. J. Sc. 4 (1897) 

161- ; Nt. 56 (1897) 347 ; Ps. Bv. 5 (1897) 

118- ; Science 6 (1897) 261-. 
Mayer, Robert. Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. Vh. 11 

(1896) (Sd.) 68- ; Z. Nw. 70 (1897) 1-. 



Biography 0010 

Meardi, Paolo. Bv. Sc.-Ind. 18 (1886) 96. 
MeeB, Rudolf Adriaan. Amst. Ak. Jb. (1888) 

61-. 
Melingo, Achilles (Edler von Saginth). Wien 

Pht. Cor. 26 (1889) 559-. 
Melsens, Louis Henri FredSric. A. di C. 3 

(1886) 374 ; A. T61. 13 (1886) 304 ; Bruz. 

Ac. BU. 11 (1886) 333-; Elect. 16 (1886) 

511 ; Lpldina. 22 (1886) 113 ; Lum. Elect. 

20 (1886) 330- ; Ts. Ps. C. 25 (1886) 351- ; 

CieletTerre7 (1886-87) 117- ; Gen. S. Ps. 

Mm. 29 (1884-87) xuv [bU). 
Menabrea, {conte) Luigi Federico, Qen. S. 

Ps. Mm. 32 (1894-97) Pt. 2, lix-. 
Meritens, — de, Nt. 59 (1898-99) 59-. 
Merrifield, Charles Watkins. L. Ps. S. P. 5 

(1884) {Ann, Meet. 1884) 13- ; Nt. 29 (1884) 

270 ; Nv. Archt. T. 25 (1884) 309- ; B. S. P. 

36 (1884) i-. 
Meyer, Bernard. A. T61. 11 (1884) 289-. 
Micle, Sufan, Bucarest S. Sc. Bl. 4 (1895) 



MUler, WiUiam Hallowes, N. Jb. Mn. (1881) 

^.31(1 
ii- ; Am. J. Sc. 21 (1881) 379-. 



{Bd, 1) 1- [at end of Vol.]; B. S. P. 31 (1881) 



Minotto, Giovanni, Yen. At. 14 (1868-69) 

1610-. 
MdUinger, Otto. Sch. Nf. Gs. Yh. (1886-87) 

162-. 
Moigno, {V<ibbi) Frangois NapoUon Marie. A. 

Td. 11 (1884) 289 ; G^n. Civ. 5 (1884) 218 ; 

LesMondes 8(1884) 443-; Nt. 30 (1884) 291- ; 

Termt. Edzl. 17 (1885) 502. 
MoU, August {sen.), Wien Pht. Cor. 23 (1886) 

196-. 
Monckhoven, D. van. Ciel et Terre 8 (1883) 

384. 
Monge, Gaspard. Par. Mm. de PI. 24 (1854) 

(if.) 1- ; Bv. Sc. 1 (1894) 779-. 
Montgolfier, Joseph Michel. Par. Mm. de PI. 

(1810) {H.) xxvii-. 
Montigny, Charles Marie VaUntin, As. Nr. 

124 (1890) 255-; Brux. Ac. BU. 19 (1890) 

308- ; Obs. 13 (1890) 158- ; Ciel et Terre 11 

(1890-91) 65-. 
Moore, AUen Y, Am. S. Mcr. P. (1887) 327-. 
Morse, Samuel Finley Breeze, Am. Ac. P. 8 

(1873) 478-. 
Mossotti, Ottaviano Fabrizio, As. S. M. Not. 

24 (1864) 87-. 
Mousson, Joseph Rudolph Albert, Lpldina. 26 

(1890) 216 ; Sch. Nf. Gs. Yh. (1889-90) 238-; 

D. Ml. Gs. Nb. 23 (1891) 1- ; Arch. Sc. Ps. 

Nt. 27 (1892) 433-; Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 31 

(1890-93) xlv-; ZOr. Yjschr. 41 (1896) 

(Festschr., Th. 1) 84-. 
Mudd, Thomas. I. CE. P. 134 (1898) 405- ; I. 

ME. P. (1898) 588-; I. A S. I. J. (1898) 

{No. 1) 318. 
MiUler, Johann Jacob, Zva, Yjschr. 20 (1875) 

161-, 187-. 
Muirhead, John, Elect. 15 (1885) 393. 
Napoli, Daniel, Lum. Elect. 36 (1890) 

496. 
Napoli, David, A^r. (1890) 168- ; G^n. Civ. 

17 (1890) 111. 
Narr, Friedrich Gustav. Lpldina. 29 (1893) 

205. 



23 



0010 Biography 

Nasmyth, James. Nt. 42 (1890) 64 ; Bailroad 

(fe Eng. J. 64 (1890) 281- ; Manch. Lt. Ph. S. 

Mm. (fe P. 5 (1892) 183-. 
Neeff, Christian Ernst. Frkf. a. M. Pb. Yr. 

Jbr. (1881-82) 20-. 
Nemnann, Franz Ernst. C. B. 120 (1895) 

1189- ; D. Nf. Vh. (1895) (Th. 1) 27- (Th. 2, 

HaifU 1) 5-; Elekttech. Z. 16 (1895) 353; 

GdU. Nr. (1895) 248-; Nt. 52 (1895) 176; 

St. P^t. Ac. So. BU. 3_(1895) ix-; Lpldina. 

32 (1896) 51-, 63-; Wien Aim. 46 (1896) 

271- ; D. Mth. Vr. Jbr. 4 (1897) 54-; Miinch. 

Ak. Sb. 26 (1897) 338-; B. S. P. 60 (1897) 

viii-; Danzig Schr. 9 (1895-98) (Heft 2) 

i-. 
Newall, Bobert Stirling. I. ME. P. (1889) 

336-; Nt. 40 (1889) 59-; As. S. M. Not. 50 

(1890) 165- ; B. S. P. 46 (1890) xxziii-. 
Nigg, Alois. Wien Pht. Cor. 26 (1889) 143-. 
Nobert, Friedrieh Adolph. N.-Vorp. Mt. 15 

(1884) 38-. 
Nobili, Leopoldo. Moso. Un. Mm. 12 (1836) 

209-. 
Ndrremberg, Johann Gottlieb Christian. Frei- 
burg B. 6 (1873) {Heft 2) 105-. 
Obaoh, Eugen Friedrieh August. I. Eleot. E. 
. J. 28 (1899) 679-; Nt. 59 (1898-99) 254. 
Orated, Hans Christian. J. Phm. 5 (1867) 265-, 

414- ; Smiths. Bp. (1868) 166-. 
Ofteidinger, Fdix Ludwig. Bb. Mth. (1896) 

50-; Lpldina. 32 (1896) 103. 
Ohm, George Simon. Nt. 39 (1889) 368-; 

Smiths. Bp. (1891) 247-. 
Oken, Larenz. D. Nf. Tbl. (1879) 45-, 106-. 
Ordinaire de Laoolonge, Louis Wilhem Phili- 

bert Philippe Paul. Bordeaux S. So. Mm. 2 

(1886) xix {bis)-. 

Ortelli, Erminio. By. So.-Ind. [24 (1892)1 

100. 
Ortton, John. Am. Eng. A Bailroad J. 67 

(1893) 149. 
Osann, Gottfried WUhelm. Wiirzb. Nw. Z. 6 

(1866-67) (SB. 3) xlv-. 
Oszterhuebier, Franz von. Wien Pht. Cor. 28 

(1891) 352. 

Paoinotti, Louis. Lum. Elect. 35 (1890) 

196. 
Page, Charles Grafton. Am. J. So. 48 (1869) 

Palagi, Alessandro. Bologna Bd. (1888-^) 

50-. 
Palmieri, Liit>'. Lpldina. 32 (1896) 147; Mon- 

calieri Oss. BU. 16 (1896) 105- ; Nap. Ac. 

Pont. At. 26 (1896) (Necrol. No. 5) 15 pp. ; 

Nap. I. Inc. At. 9 (1896) 12- ; Nap. Bd. 35 

(1896) 236-; Bv. Gg. It. 3 (1896) 571- ; Ciel 

et Terre 17 (1896-9^ 519- ; Senckb. Nf. Os. 

B. (1897) viii-; Gg. Jb. 20 (1898) 477. 
Pascal, Roch Georges, Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. 

(1887) {Pt. 2) 318. 

Passalski, P. Fschr. Mth. (1900) 30. 
Pazienti, Antonio. Yen. I. At. (1891-92) xlv-; 

(1894-95) 1125-. 
Peck, Louis W. Am. J. So. 7 (1899) 248. 
Peck, WiVLiam Guy. BaUroad A Eng. J. 66 

a892) 146; Sch. Mines Q. N. T. 13 (1892) 

P^let, Eugene. Doubs S. M. 2 (1888) 125-. 



Biography 0010 

Peltier, Athanase. Smiths. Bp. (1867) 158-. 
Perrot, Adolphe. Sch. Nf. Gs. Vh. (1886-87) 

167- ; Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 30 a888-90) xiv-. 
Pestalozzi, Hans Jakob. Ziir. Vjschr. 41 (1896) 

(Festschr., Th. 1) 123-. 
Petit, AlexU ThSrUe. Doubs S. Mm. 5 (1881) 

267-. 
Petzval, Josef. Mh. Mth. Ps. 2 (1891) 480; 

Wien Pht. Cor. 28 (1891) 472-, 497-, 546- ; 

Termt. K6zl. 24 (1892) 647-; Wien Aim. 42 

(1892) 182-. 
Pfaff, Christoph Heinrich. Arch. Phm. 155 

(1861) 90-, 102-, 356-. 
Phelps, George M. Elekttech. Z. 16 (1895) 

294. 
Pierre, Joachim Isidore. A. Agn. 7 (1881) 

592-; Caen Ac. Mm. (1891) {Pt. 2) 102- ; 

Caen S. L. Bll. 7 (1893) 51-. 
Pisati, Giuseppe. Tor. Ac. So. At. 27 (1892) 

156-. 
Pisko, Fram Josef. Wien Pht. Cor. 25 (1888) 

358-; Termt. Kdzl. 21 (1889) 606. 
Plana, Giovanni. As. S. M. Not. 24 (1864) 

89-; Edinb. B. S. P. 5 (1866) 293; Bll. So. 

Mth. As. 5 (1873) 65-; Far. Ac. Sc. Mm. 38 

(1873) ovii-. 
Plants, Gaston. A. T^l. 16 (1889) 288; Elect. 

23 (1889) 89; Lum. Elect. 32 (1889) 446; 

Tel. J. 24 (1889) 650- ; Termt. K6zl. 22 

(1890) 642; Ts. Ps. C. 29 (1890) 62. 
Plateau, Joseph Antoine Ferdinand, L. Ps. S. 

P. 5 (1884) {Ann. Meet. 1884) 12-; Bv. 

Quest. So. 15 (1884) 114-, 518- ; 16 (1884) 

383-; Termt. Kdzl. 16 (1884) 513; Ciel et 

Terre 8 (1887-88) 222-. 
Pliicker, Julius. B. S. P. 17 (1869) Ixxxi-; 

BU. So. Mth. As. 3 (1872) 59-; 5 (1873) 

313- ; G6tt. Ab. 16 (1872) 40 pp.; G. Mt. 

11 (1873) 153-. 
Poche, Richard (Frhr,) von. Wien Pht. Cor. 

31 (1894) 154. 
Poggendorff, Johann Christian. A. Ps. C. 160 

(1877) vii-; Arch. So. Ps. Nt. 58 (1877) 

218- 
Pohl, Joseph. Wien Pht. Cor. 37 (1900) 

269-. 
Poloni, Giuseppe. Bv. So.-Ind. 19 (1887) 37-. 
Pope, Franklin Leonard. Am. Eng. & BaU- 
road J. 69 (1895) 503; Elekttech. Z. 16 

(1895) 692. 
Pratt, Nathaniel W, Am. Eng. & Bailroad J. 

70 (1896) 61. 
Preece, George E. Elect. Bv. 36 (1895) 166-. 
Preston, Thomas. Nt. (1899-1900) 474-; Ps. 

Bv. 11 (1900) 188. 
Price, {Rev.) Bartholomew. As. S. M. Not. 59 

(1899) 228-; L. Mth. S. P. 30 (1899) 332-; 

L. Ps. S. P. 16 (1899) (Ann. Meet. 1899) 

10-; Nt. 59 (1898-99) 229-; Science 9 (1899) 

188; B. S. Yearbook (1900) 185-. 
Priestley, Joseph. Par. Mm. de PI. 6 (1806) 

{H.) 29-; Minn. Ac. So. BU. 2 (1880-82) 

228-. 
Pring, James Hurly, Som. S. P. 35 (1890) 

{Pt, 2) 140-. 
Provenzali, Francesco Saverio. Bv. So.-Ind. 

26 (1894) 140. 
Qaet, Antotne, Les Mondes 9 (1884) 582-. 



24 



0010 Biography 

Qnetelet, Lambert Adclphe Jacque$. Amst. Ak. 
Wet. P. (1878-74) (No, 9) 1-; Arch. So. Ps. 
Nt. 49 (1874) 350- ; BU. So. Nord 6 (1874) 
62-; Brux. Ac. BU. 37 (1874) 245-; 38 

(1874) 816- ; Bv. So.-Ind. 6 (1874) 38-; As. 
S. M. Not. 35 (1875) 176- ; Edmb. B. S. P. 
8 (1875) 474-; Mag. Tad. Ak. Ets. (No, 16) 

(1875) 241- ; B. S. P. 23 (1875) xi-. 
Babending, Emil, Wien Pht. Cor. 23 (1886) 

196. 

Bankine, WiUiam John Macquam. Nv. Archt. 
T. 14 (1873) 235-; B. S. P. 21 (1873) i-; 
Bv. Coura Sc. 4 (1873) 951- ; Bv. Sc.-Ind. 5 
(1873) 11 ; Am. Ac. P. 9 (1874) 276- ; Edinb. 
B. S. P. 8 (1876) 296-. 

Banyard, Arthur Cowper [non Baynard, cut in 
Index of Mathematics] . Asps. J. (1895) 168- ; 
As. S. M. Not. 55 (1895) 198- ; Giel et Terre 
15 (1894-95) 521 ; L. Mth. S. P. 26 (1895) 
554-; Lpldina. 31 (1895) 56; L. Ps. S. P. 

13 (1895) (Ann. Meet, 1895) 14-; Nt. 51 
(1894-95) 179 ; Obs. 18 (1895) 48-. 

Banzoni, Emerich. Wien Pht. Cor. 35 (1898) 

227-. 
Baatenfeld-Lindenrah, Heinrich Berens von, 

Biga Cor.-Bl. 40 (1898) 39-. 
Baymond, Georges Marie, Sav. Ac. Mm. (1891) 

19-. 
Baymtud, Frangois Emmanael Jules. A. T^l. 

14 (1887) 554-; Ohn. Civ. 12 (1887-88) 205; 

J. T^l. 12 (1888) 18- ; Lam. ]&Iect. 27 (1888) 

144-. 
Beade, Joseph Bancroft, M. Mcr. J. 5 (1871) 

92-; Mcr. S.J. (1895) 18. 
Beckenzaan, Anthony. Elect. Bv. 33 (1893) 

532-; Elektteoh. Z. 14 (1893) 674; Lam. 

Elect. 50 (1893) 400; Elect. 32 (1894) 66. 
Begnaalt, Henri Victor. C. B. 86 (1878) 131- ; 

Nt. 17 (1878) 263-; C. S. J. 33 (1878) 235-; 

Alb. I. T. 9 (1879) 270- ; A. Mines 19 (1881) 

212- ; Bv. Sc. 1 (1881) 354-; Mon. Sc. 27 

(1885) 227-. 
BeiB, PhUipp, Frkf. a. M. Ps. Vr. Jbr. (1884- 

85)32-. 
Benda, (Vabh€) — . Sav. Ac. Mm. (1891) 31-. 
Bespighi, Lorenzo, As. Nr. 123 (1890) 287-; 

As. S. M. Not. 50 (1890) 178- ; Nt. 41 (1890) 

254; Obs. 13 (1890) 95; Bm. B. Ac. Line. 

Bd. 6 (1890) (Sem, 1) 106- ; Bv. Sc.-Ind. 22 

(1890) 60; Spet. It. Mm. 18 (1890) 199- ; 
Bm. N. Line. Mm. 7 (1891) 153- ; Gen. S. 
Ps. Mm. 31 (1890-93) xxi-. 

Beosch, Friedrich Eduard von, Lpldina. 27 

(1891) 157; Wiirtb. Jh. 48 (1892) xcix-. 
Bentlinger, Carl, Wien Pht. Cor. 25 (1888) 

355-. ^ 
Beynier, EmiU. Elekttech. Z. 12 (1891) 71; 

Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1891) (Pt, 1) 305-. 
Bidolfi, {jnarcheu) Cosimo. Firenze Ac. Georg. 

At. 13 (1866) 27-. 
Biemann, Georg Friedrich Bemhard. Gott. Nr. 

(1867) 305- ; Beo. Mth. (Moscoa) 3 (1868) 

{Pt. 2) 153- ; B. S. P. 16 (1868) Ixix-. 
Biess, Peter Theophil. Termt. K5zl. 16 (1884) 

514 ; Miinch. Ak. Sb. 14 (1885) 241-. 
Binman, Ludvig. Stockh. Gl. For. F. 12 

(1890) 650-. 



Biography 0010 

Bitchie, Edward Samuel. Am. Ac. P. 31 (1896) 

359-. 
Bitter, Johann WUhelm. Elekttech. Z. 15 (1894) 

569-. 
Bochon, Alexis Marie de. Par. Mm. Ac. Sc. 2 

(1817) (H.) 73-. 
Bodger, James Wyllie. Nt. 56 (1897) 129; C. 

S. J. 73 (1898) (Pt, 2) 1047- ; L. Ps. S. P. 16 

(1899) (Ann, Meet. 1898) 8-. 
Bdber, August, Berl. Ps. Gs. Yh. (1891) 47-. 
Bogers, Bohert Empie, Franklin I. J. 118 (1884) 

387-; Am. Ph. S. P. 23 (1886) 104-. 
Bogers, William Augustus, Am. J. Sc. 5 (1898) 

322; As. Nr. 146 (1898) 343-; Asps. J. 7 

(1898) 390- ; Obs. 21 (1898) 285; Ps. Bv. 6 

(1898) 315- ; Science 7 (1898) 447-; Am. 

Mcr. S. T. 20 (1899) 25-. 
Bogers, William Barton, Am. J. Sc. 24 (1882) 

78-; Am. Ph. S. P. 23 (1886) 104-. 
B<^t, Peter Mark, B. S. P. 18 (1870) xxviU-. 
Bosenberger, Johann Karl Ferdinand, Elekt- 
tech. Z. 20 (1899) 690; Lpldina. 35 (1899) 

182; Bb. Mth. 1 (1900) 217-. 
Bossetti, Francesco. Lpldina. 21 (1885) 211 ; 

Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 1 (1885) 337-; Tor. 

Ac. Sc. At. 20 (1885) 1030- ; Ven. I. At. 

(1884-85) 1011- ; (1885-86) 5-. 
Bothen, Timotheus. Elekttech. Z. 18 (1897) 

109; J. T6L 21 (189*0 25. 
Bovida, Augusto. N. Cim. 10 (1899) 468. 
Boyer, Ernest. Bordeaax S. Sc. Mm. 2 (1886) 

liii-. 
Biihlmann, Christian Moritz. Elekttech. Z. 

17 (1896) 94; Hann. Archt.-Vr. Z. 42 (1896) 

142-. 
Banolfsson, N. N. Ts. Fs. E. 3 (1898) 236. 
Butherfard, Lewis Morris. Am. J. Sc. 44 

(1892) 82; As. & Asps. 11 (1892) 689-; Nt. 
46 (1892) 207- ; BaUroad & Eng. J. 66 (1892) 
337; As. J. 12 (1893)^32; As. S. M, Not. 53 

(1893) 229-; Ciel et Terre 13 (1892-93) 266-. 
Sabine, Robert Henry, J. T^l. 8 (1884) 236; 

L. Ps. S. P. 6 (1885) (Ann, Meet. 1885) 

10-. 
Sadebeck, Benjamin Adolph Moritz. Bresl. 

Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1885) 432-; Lpldina. 23 

(1887) 150-. 
Saint-Martin, Michel. Sav. Ac. Mm. (1891) 

46-. 
Saint- Venant, AdhSmar Jean Claude Barr6 de. 

A. Pon. Chauss. 12 (1886) 557-; Brux. S. 
Sc. A. 10 (1886) (Pt. 1) 77-; C. B. 102 
(1886) 141- ; Lille S. Mm. 15 (1888) 147-. 

San Booerto, (cante) Paolo Bcdlada di. Bm. 

B. Ac. Lino. Bd. 5 (1889) (Sem. 1) 243-; 
Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 24 (1B89) 235-. 

Sarpi, Paolo, N. Antol. Sc. 137 (1894) 46-. 
Sawyer, John Robert. Phot. J. 14 (1890) 105. 
Schaffer, Hermann, Z. Nw. 72 (1899) 393-. 
Schaffer, Karl Julius Traugott Hermann. 

Lpldina. 36 (1900) 78-. 
Schaeflfer, Xavier. A. T^l. 17 (1890) 479-. 
Schafhaatl, Karl Franz Emil von. C, Ztg. 14 

(1890) 328; Humb. 9 (1890) 141; Lpldina. 

26 (1890) 59; Nt. 41 (1890) 448; Oestr. Z. 

Brgw. 38 (1890) (BHl.) 40; Ts. Ps. C. 29 

(1890) 224; Mdnch. Ak. Sb. 20 (1891) 397-; 

Termt. Kdzl. 23 (1891) 636. 



25 



0010 Biogrraphy 

Schellen, Heinnch. Lpldina. 20 (1884) 168. 
Schierer, Karl Jakob. Wien Pnt. Cor. 35 

(1898) 273-. 
Schlapp, Otto, Erfart Ak. Jb. 19 (1893) xlii-. 
Schleassner, CarL Wien Pht. Cor. 37 (1900) 

68-. 
Schmidt, Constantin ChrUtian Hartmarm, 

Bresl. Sohl. Gs. Jbr. (1889) 275-. 
Schneller, Johann Jtdius Moritz, Danzig Schr. 

9 (1895-98) (Hefte 9 & 4) 134-. 
Schuckert, Johann Sigmund. Elect. Bv. 37 

(1895) 440- ; Elekttech. Z. 16 (1895) 635-; 

Rv. Bc.-Ind. 27 (1895) 260. 
Scholt^n, Nathanael Gerhard af, Helsingf. 

Acta 6 (1861) 19 pp. 
Schulze, Adolf Paul, Mcr. S. J. (1891) 273. 
Schulze-Berge, Franz. Berl. Ps. Gb. Vh. (1894) 

53-. 
Schwartz, LSonard, Mulhoose S. In. Bll. 56 

(1886) 277-. 
Schwendler, Carl Louis, L. Ps. S. P. 5 (1884) 

{Afin. Meet. 1882) 10-. 
Scranton, William H, Am. I. Mn. E. T. 18 

(1890) 213-. 
Segnitz, August Edmund, N.-Yorp. Mt. 2 (1870) 

10-; 3(1871)11-. 
Ser, Louis, G6n. Civ. 12 (1887-88) 219- ; Par. 

Ing. Civ. Mm. (1888) (Pt. 1) 152-. 
Serpieri, {padre) Alessandro, Moncalieri Oss. 

Bll. 5 (1885) 116; Rv. Sc.-Ind. 17 (1885) 

75—. 
Seydler, August. As. Nr. 128 (1891) 15-; 

Lpldina. 27 (1891) 156; fiasopis 21 (1892) 
193-, 203-. 

Shallenberger, Oliver Blackburn. 1. Elect. 
E. J. 28 (1899) 681-. 

Sibley, Hiram. Railroad & Eng. J. 62 (1888) 
381. 

Siemens, Ernst Werner von. A. T61. [19] (1892) 
562- ; C. Ztg. 16 (1892) 1879 ; Elect. Rv. 31 
(1892) 697-; I. ME. P. (1892) 570- ; J. T61. 
16 (1892) 316- ; Lpldina. 28 (1892) 211; Lum. 
Elect. 46 (1892) 595-; Rv. Sc.-Ind. [24 (1892)] 
241- ; Z. Nw. 65 (1892) 379-; Am. Eng. <k 
RaUroad J. 67 (1893) 50 ; Berl. Ak. Ab. (1893) 
21 pp. ; D. Nf. Vh. (1893) {Th. 1) 27-; Elect. 
30 (1893) 159, 591 ; Elekttech. Z. 14 (1893) 
45- ; Erlang, Ps. Md. S. Sb. 25 (1893) 68- ; 
Gg. Jb. 16 (1893) 495; I. CE. P. 112 (1893) 
339-; Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. <k P. 7 (1893) 
244-; Nt. 47 (1892-93) 153- ; Termt. Kozl. 
25 (1893) 140- ; Ts. Ps. C. 32 (1893) 95-. 

Siemens, (Sir) WiUiam [Karl Wilhelm], C. 
Ztg. 7 (Sem. 2) (1883) 1527- ; Am. I. Mn.E. 
T. 12 (1884) 645-; C. S. J. 45 (1884) 624-; 
Cztg. Opt. 5 (1884) 1; Elect. 12 (1884) 37-; 
I. CE. P. 77 (1884) 352-; I. ME. P. (1884) 
69- ; L. Ps. S. P. 5 (1884) (Ann. Meet. 1884) 
9- ; Met. S. QJ. 10 (1884) 102- ; Nt. 29 (1884) 
97-; Nv. Archt. T. 25 (1884) 311- ; Phm. J. 
14 (1884) 404- ; R. S. P. 37 (1884) i- ; Rv. 
Quest. Sc. 15 (1884) 353-; Rv. Sc.-Ind. 16 
(1884) 37- ; Science 3 (1884) 34- ; Tel. E. J. 
13 (1884) 442-; Termt. Kdzl. 16 (1884) 515-. 

Silbermann, Jean Thiibaut, J. Phm. 2 (1865) 
394- ; Colmar S. H. Nt. Bll. 6 A 7 (1867) 
41—. 



Biography 0010 

Sludsklj, Thedor Alekseevii, St. P^t. Com. Gl. 
Bll. 16 (1897) 2 pp. ; Mosc. S. Nt. BU. 11 

(1898) (Prot,) 73-; Rec. Mth. (Moscou) 20 

(1899) 337-. 

Sluginov, Nikolaj Petrovic, Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 

29 (Ps.) (1897) 163- ; Kazan S. Ps.-Mth. Bll. 

7 (1898) (Prot.) 79-. 
Smee, Alfred. C. S. J. (1877) (1) 509- ; Gard. 

Chron. 7 (1877) 108-. 
Smith, Archibald. R. S. P. 22 (1874) i-; 

Edinb. R. S. P. 8 (1875) 282-. 
Smith, Benjamin, I. Elect. E. J. 29 (1900) 

956-. 
Smith, Robertson. Nt. 49 (1893-94) 557. 
Smith, Willoughhy. Elect. 27 (1891) 330. 
Snell, Karl. Lpldina. 22 (1886) 171. 
Snell, William Henry. Elect. 24 (1890) 473- ; 

L. Ps. S. P. 11 (1892) (Ann. Meet. 1891) 

8-. 
Sohncke, Leanhard. Lpldina. 33 (1897) 162; 

Met. Z. 15 (1898) 81-; Termt. Kozl. 30 

(1898) 655; Munch. Ak. Sb. 28 (1899) 440- ; 

Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. Vh. 13 (1900) (Sb.) 112-. 
Sondhauss, Karl Friedrich Julius, Bresl. 

Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1886) 324 ; Lpldina. 22 (1886) 

215. 
Soret, Jacques Louis. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 23 

(1890) 467-; 24 (1890) 305- ; C. R. 110 

(1890) 1045-, 1156; Sch.Nf. Gs. Vh. (1889- 

90) 251- ; Ts. Ps. C. 30 (1891) 64; Gen. S. 

Ps. Mm. 31 (1890-93) xxviii-. 
SpeUier, Louu H, Franklin L J. 132 (1891) 

363-. 
Spencer, Charles A, Am. Mcr. J. 2 (1881) 

193- ; 3 (1882) 174- ; Am. S. Mcr. P. (1882) 

49-. 
Spencer, Herbert R, Am. Mcr. S. T. 21 (1900) 

252-. 
Spottiswoode, WiUiam, Nt. 27 (1883) 597-; 

Obs. 6 (1883) 231- ; Science 2 (1883) 27-; 

As. S. M. Not. 44 (1884) 150- ; C. S. J. 45 

(1884) 628-; L. Ps. S. P. 5 (1884) (Ann, 

Meet, 1884) 8-; Peterm. Mt. 30 (1884) 105; 

R. S. P. 38 (1885) xxxiv-; L. Mth. S. P. 31 

(1900) 283-. 

Square, William. Plym. I. T. 12 (1898) 214. 
Stallo, John Bernard. Science 11 (1900) 238. 
Stampfer, Simon. Wien Aim. 15 (1865) 189- ; 

Arch. Mth. Ps. 45 (1866) {Lt. B.) clxxix. 
Stanecki, Tomasz. Kosmos (Lw.) 16 (1891) 

25-. 
Staschek, Ignaz Florus. BrOnn Mt. 65 (1885) 

(Beil.) 73. 
Steams, Joseph Barker. J. T61. 19 (1895) 215. 
Stefan, Josef. Elekttech. Z. 14 (1893) 31; 

Lpldina. 29 (1893) 53-; Wien Aim. 43 (1893) 

252- ; Innsb. Nt. Md. B. 21 (1894) x-. 
Stein, Sigmund Tlieodor. Lpldina. 27 (1891) 

159; Wien Pht. Cor. 28 (1891) 543-. 
Steinhauser, Anton. Wien Pht. Cor. 35 (1898) 

383-. 
Steinheil, Adolf. Leip, As. Gs. Vjschr. 28 

(1893) 248-; Lpldina. 29 (1893) 208; Wien 

Pht. Cor. 30 (1893) 561- ; As. Nr. 134 (1894) 

135- ; Munch. Ak. Sb. 24 (1895) 120-. 
^teinheil, Carl August von. Arch. Mth. Ps. 

52 (1871) (Lt, B.) ocvn; Wien Ahn. (1871) 

205-. 



26 



0010 Biography 

Stenger, Franz. Elekttech. Z. 14 (1893) 323; 

Lpldina. 29 (1898) 111. 
Stephan, Heinrich von, Elekttech. Z. 18 (1897) 

217, 245-, 893. 
Sterk, Augustus Elink, *s Gravenh. I. Ing. 

Ts. (1898-99) {Verg.) 75. 
Stern, Mariz Abraham. Zui. Yjschr. 89 (1894) 

131- ; Milnch. Ak. Sb. 24 (1895) 142; D. 

Mth. Vr. Jbr. 4 (1897) 34-. 
Stewart, Balfour. Tel. J. 21 (1887) 637; Am. 

Ac. P. 23 (1888) 375-; As. S. M. Not. 48 

(1888) 166- ; Elect. 20 (1888) 159- ; Humb. 

7 (1888) 85; L. Ps. S. P. 9 (1888) {Ann. 

Meet. 1888) 9-; Manoh. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. A 

P. 1 (1888) 253- ; Met. S. QJ. 14 (1888) 142- ; 

Nt. 37 (1888) 202- ; Railroad A Eng. J. 62 

(1888) 94-; Termt. Kdzl. 20 (1888) 473; 

Vict. B. S. T. 24 (1888) 181- ; R. S. P. 46 

(1890) ix-. 
Stoczek, Jdxsef. Termt. Kdzl. 23 (1891) 

638-. 
StolStov, Aleksandr GrigorjevH. Elect. 37 

(1896) 314; J. T^l. 20 (1896) 164; Bs. 

P8.-C. S. J. 29 {Ps.) (1897) 25-; Mosc. S. 

So. BU. 93 {No. 2) (1898) 30-. 
Stone, WUliam Henry. Elect. 27 (1891) 299. 
Stratingh, Sibrandus. Arch. Phm. 86 (1843) 

331-. 
Strehlke, Friedrich Samuel. Danzig Schr. 6 

{Heft 4) (1887) 173-. 
Streintz, Heinrich. Lpldina. 28 (1892) 210; 

Steierm. Mt. (1892) 283-. 
Sturgeon, WiUiam. Elect. 18 (1884) 186- ; 35 

(1895) 632-. 
Svanberg, Adolf Ferdinand. Stookh. Vt. Ak. 

Lefn. 1 (1869-73) 111-. 
Sztoczek, Jdzsef. Mag. Tad. Ak. Ets. 3 (1892) 

621- ; Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 10 (1893) 417-. 
Tatham, WiUiam Penn. Franklin I. J. 149 

(1900) 218-. 
Taylor, John Traill. Wien Pht. Cor. 32 (1895) 

626-; Phot. J. 20 (1896) 52-. 
Taylor, William Bower. Smiths. Bp. (1896) 

645-; Wash. Ph. S. Bll. 13 (1900) 418-. 
Teirich, Ferdinand. Elekttech. Z. 20 (1899) 

181. 
Tejada, Manuel Ruiz de. M^x. S. "Alzate*' 

Mm. 2 (1888) 289-. 
Temant, Aldde Ludovic. Elect. 14 (1885) 

158. 
Terquem, Alfred. Bll. Sc. Nord 18 (1887) 

548-; C. B. 105 (1887) 196- ; Metz Ac. Mm. 

69(1892)9; 72(1893)57-. 
Thiry, Rudolf. Z. Ohrh. 23 (1892) 179-. 
Thomson, James. Elect. Bv. 30 (1892) 604; 

Olasg. I. Eng. T. 85 (1892) 309- ; Nt. 46 

(1892) 129- ; Glasg. Ph. S. P. 24 (1893) 

220- ; B. S. P. 53 (1893) i-. 
Tissandier, Gaston. Mr. (1899) 197-, 244-; 

Aer. J. 3 (1899) 91 ; Nt. 60 (1899) 511 ; Bv. 

Sc.-Ind. 31 (1899) 200. 
Tolles, Robert B. Am. Mcr. J. 5 (1884) 10-; 

16 (1895) 352-; Am. S. Mcr. P. (1884) 41-. 
Tomlinson, Charles. Gl. Mg. 4 (1897) 191- ; 

Nt. 55 (1896-97) 371. 
Tosi, Franco. Elekttech. Z. 19 (1898) 858. 
Trapp, Ouido. Wien Pht. Cor. 26 (1889) 

347-. 



Biography 0010 

Tresca, Henri idouard. As. Fr. C. B. (1885) 

{Pt. 1) 28; A. T61. 12 (1885) 284-; C. B. 

100 (1885) 1610- ; G6n. Civ. 7 (1885) 158; 

I. ME. P. (1885) 459-; Lpldina. 21 (1885) 

116; Nt. 32 (1885) 181; Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. 

(1885) {Pt. 2) 130- ; Bv. Un. Mines 18 (1885) 

240; L CE. P. 83 (1886) 425-; A. Cons. 

Arts et M^t. 7 (1895) 103-. 
Tr^ve, (lecommandant) AugusteHubert Stanislas. 

Lum. Elect. 18 (1885) 468; Bv. Mar. et Col. 

88 (1886) 156-. 
Treviranus, Litdwig Georg. Brem. Ab. 15 (1901) 

25-. 
Tricht, {le riv. plre) Victor Joseph van. Ciel 

et Terre 18 (1897-98) 260- ; Bv. Quest. Sc. 

43 (1898) 67-. . 
Triebel, J. Elekttech. Z. 16 (1895) 59. 
Trotter, {Rev.) CoiUts. L. Ps. S. P. 9 (1888) 

{Ann. Meet. 1888) 14-; Nt. 37 (1888) 153-. 
Trouillet, {le capit.) Louis. Doabs S. Mm. 1 

(1887) 13-. 
Turazza, Domenico. Bv. Sc.-Ind. [24 (1892)] 32; 

Ven. I. At. (1891-92) 1 vi-; (1898-99) {Pt. I) 69-. 
Tyndall, John. C. N. 68 (1893) 280; 70 (1894) 

17-; C. Ztg. 17 (1893) 1825; Elect. Bv. 33 

(1893) 610- ; Elekttech. Z. 14 (1893) 729; 

Frkl. a. M. Ps. Vr. Jbr. (1892-93) 56-; 

Fschr. Md. 11 (1893) 1000; Lpldina. 29 

(1893) 210- ; 30 (1894) 94-, 114-, 130- ; 
Lum. Elect. 50 (1893) 539-; C. S. J. 65 

(1894) 389-; Educ. Times 47 (1894) 27-; 
Elect. 32 (1894) 141- ; Gl. S. QJ. 50 (1894) 
(P.) 41-; Graub. Nf. Gs. Jbr. 37 (1894) 
279-; I. CE. P. 116 (1894) 340- ; Ir. Ntlist. 
8 (1894) 48; L. Ps. S. P. 12 (1894) {Ann. 
Meet. 1894) 10-; Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. & 
P. 8 (1894) 213- ; Md.-Chir. T. 77 (1894) 
31-; Nt. 49 (1893-94) 128- ; Ps. Bv. 1 (1894) 
302- ; B. S. P. 55 (1894) xviii-; Bv. Quest. 
Sc. 35 (1894) 480- ; Bv. Sc. 1 (1894) 9^; 
Bv. Sc.-Ind. 26 (1894) 16; Ts. Ps. C. 33 
(1894) 29-; Munch. Ak. Sb. 24 (1895) 143- ; 
B. I. P. 14 (1896) 161-, 216- ; Gen. S. Ps. 
Mm. 32 (1894-97) Pt. 1, xxviii- ; Gg. Jb. 19 
(1897) 391-. 

Ulrich, Emil. Wien Pht. Cor. 32 (1895) 578. 
Usov, Stepan Aleksandrovic. Bs. rs.-C. S. J. 

22 {Ps.) (1890) 268-. 
Varley, Cromwell Fleetwood. I. CE. P. 77 

(1884) 373-; L. Ps. S. P. 5 (1884) {Ann. 

Meet. 1884) 11-. 
Vautier, Paul Simile. Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. 

(1889) {Pt. 1) 48-. 
Verdet, tmiU. Par. fee. Norm. A. 3 (1866) 348-. 
V6rit6, Auguste Lucien. Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. 

(1887) {Pt. 2) 165-. 
Vincent, Alexandre Joseph Hidtdphe. Lille S. 

Mm. 6 (1869) 561-. 
Vinchent, Julien. A. T^l. 13 (1886) 566; Brux. 

A. Tr. Pbl. 45 (1887) 409-. 
Vladimirskil, Aleksyei Sergyeevich. Mosc. S. 

Sc. BU. 41 {No. 1) (1881) m-. 
Vogel, Carl. Elekttech. Z. 21 (1900) 1024. 
Vogel, Hermann Wilhelm. C. Ztg. 22 (1898) 

1077; Lpldina. 34 (1898) 174- ; Berl. B. 32 

(1899) 1-; D. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1899) 60-; Nt. 

59 (1898-99) 204- ; Phot. J. 23 (1899) 113- ; 

Wien Pht. Cor. 36 (1899) 6a-. 



27 



0010 Biography 



Voigt, Thomas Heinrich, Wien Pht. Ck)r. 33 

(1896) 400-. 
yolpiceili, Paolo. Bm. B. Ac. Line. T. 3 

(1879) 160-. 
Vylder, Gustav de. Wien Pht. Cor. 83 (1896) 

28. 
Wagner, Johann PhUipp, Frkf. a. M. Ps. Vr. 

Jbr. (1878-79) 32-. 
Walenn, William Henry. C. S. J. 71 (1897) 

(Pt. 2) 1206; L. Ps. S. P. 16 (1897) {Ann. 

{Meet. 1897} 7. 
Wall, Edward Barry. Am. Eng. A Railroad 

J. 68 (1894) 231-. 
Wallmark, Lars Johan. Stookh. Yt. Ak. Lefn. 

1 (1869-73) 21-. 
Waltenhofen, Adalbert von» Bdhm. Gs. Ws. 

Jbr. (1879) LXVI-. 
Ward, iViUiam Sykes. Yorks. Gl. S. P. 9 

(1886-87) 316; 10 (1889) 241- ; C. S. J. 63 

(1888) 618. 
Wartmann, J^lie Francois. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 

16 (1886) 488-; Lpldina. 22 (1886) 220; 

Sch. Nf. Gs. Vh. (1886-86) 156- ; Gen. S. 

Ps. Mm. 29 (1884-87) xxxvra (W«)- ; Miinch. 

Ak. Sb. 17 (1888) 83-. 
Weber, WUhelm Eduard. A. T^l. 18 (1891) 

476-; C. B. 113 (1891) 106- ; Cztg. Opt. 12 

(1891) 167- ; Elect. 27 (1891) 246-; Elekttech. 
Z. 12 (1891) 369, 404; Frkf. a. M. Ps. Vr. 
Jbr. (1890-91) 48-; Lpldina. 27 (1891) 110; 
28 (1892) 147-, 169-, 186-, 201- ; Lum. 
Elect. 41 (1891) 46-; Nt. 44 (1891) 229-, 
272; Tel. J. 29 (1891) 37-; Ciel et Terre 12 
^891-92) 260- ; Gdtt. Ab. 38 (1892) 44 pp.; 
Kassel Vr. Nt. B. 88 (1892) 7-; Leip. Nf. 
Gs. Sb. 17 A 18 (1892) 94-; L. Ps. S. P. 11 

(1892) {Ann. Meet. 1892) 9-; Termt. K6zL 
24 (1892) 660; Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 27 (1892) 4-; 
Ts. Ps. G. 31 (1892) 128; Wien Akn. 42 
(1892) 194- ; Am. Ac. P. 27 (1893) 449-; 
Miinch. Ak. Sb. 22 (1893) 199- ; Danzig 
Schr. 8 (1892-94) (Heft 1) 146-. 

Weinberg, Jakov Igna^evid. Mosc. S. Nt. Bll. 

10 (1897) (Prot.) 4-. 
Weiss, Theodor. Hann. Archt.-Vr. Z. 32 (1886) 

876-. 
Wellington, Arthur MeUen. Am. Eng. & Bail- 
road J. 69 (1896) 283; I. GE. P. 122 (1896) 

389— 
Wells, {Lt.'Col.) Henry Lake. Gg. J. 12 (1898) 

630- ; I. Elect. E. J. 28 (1899) 682-. 
Weselsky, Philipp. G. Ztg. 18 (1889) 1633- ; 

Am. J. Phm. 62 (1890) 111-; Ts. Ps. C. 29 

(1890) 63 ; Wien Pht. Oor. 27 (1890) 42-. 
Wesel^, Johann Franz X, Briinn. Mt. 66 (1886) 

{Beil.) 90. 
Wheatstone, {Sir) Charles. B. S. P. 24 (1876) 

xvi-. 
Whewell, William. Ausl. 39 (1866) 304- ; 

Gg. S. J. 36 (1866) cxxn-; As. S. M. Not. 

27 (1867) 110-; B. S. P. 16 (1868) li-. 
Whiting, Harold. Am. Ac. P. 31 (1896) 366-. 
Widter, Anton. Wien Pht. Cor. 24 (1887) 

179-. 
Wiedemann, Gustav Heinrich. C. B. 128 (1899) 

769-; 129 (1899) 1062- ; D. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1899) 

166- ; Elect. 42 (1899) 799-; Elekttech. Z. 

20 (1899) 264, 329-; Leip. Mth. Ps. B. 61 



Biography 0010 

(1899) Lxxm-; Lpldina. 36 (1899) 79; Ps. 
Bv. 9 (1899) 67-; Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 8 
(1899) {Sem, 1) 367 ; St. P^t. Ac. Sc. BU. 10 

(1899) XXXVI- ; Vars. S. Nt. Tr. (1899) (C. JR., 
Ps. C.) No. 2, 2 pp. ; Z. Elektch. (1898-99) 
649-; L. Ps. S. P. 17 (1901) {Ann. Meet. 
1900) 10- ; Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. A P. 43 

(1900) XXXVI- ; B. S. Yearbook (1900) 194- ; 
Termt. Kdzl. 32 (1900) 697; Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 
33 (1898-1901) Pt. 2, xxxui-; Munch. Ak. 
Sb. 30 (1901) 368-. 

Wiener, Ludwig Christian. Lpldina. 32 (1896) 

136-, 166-, 166- ; D. Mth. Vr. Jbr. 6 (1899) 

{Heft 1) 46-. 
Wietlisbach, Johann Victor. Elekttech. Z. 18 

(1897) 763 ; J. T^l. 21 (1897) 381-. 
Willans, John WiUiam. I. A S. I. J. (1896) 

{No. 2) 364. 
Willans, Peter William. Elect. 29 (1892) 91 ; 

I. ME. P. (1892) 224-; Lnm. Elect. 44 (1892) 

660; I. CE. P. Ill (1893) 396-; L. Ps. S. P. 

12 (1894) {Ann. Meet. 1893) &-. 
Willigen, Volkert Simon Maarten van der. 

Leip. As. Gs. Vjschr. 14 (1879) 98-. 
Wilson. {Rev.) John. Edinb. B. S. P. 22 (1900) 

i-. 
Wimpfifen, {Graf) Victor. Wien Pht. Cor. 34 

(1897) 319. 
Winter, George Kift. I. CE. P. 133 (1898) 

412- ; I. Elect. E. J. 28 (1899) 683-. 
Wr6blewski, Zygmunt Florenty. C. N. 67 (1888) 

201- ; C. Ztg. 12 (1888) 663; Nt. 38 (1888) 

698; Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 20 {Ps.) (1888) 216- ; 

Wien Ahn. 88 (1888) 190- ; Termt. Kdzl. 21 

(1889) 609; Ts. Ps. C. 28 (1889) 160; Gen. 

S. Ps. Mm. 30 (188ft-90) Ivii-. 
Wiinsche, Emil. Wien Pht. Cor. 36 (1899) 

480—. 
Wyles, Frederick. I. Elect. E. J. 29 (1900) 

967 
Wylie', Robert. I. A S. I. J. (1886) 804. 
Toung, Thomas. Par. Mm. de VI. 13 (1836) 

{H.) 67-; Edinb. N. Ph. J. 19 (1836) 

39-; Smiths. Bp. (1869) 111-; B. I. P. 11 

(1887) 663- ; 16 (1902) 204-. 
Zanon, Giovanni. Bv. Sc.-Ind. [24 (1892)] 

228, 241; Ven. Aten. 2 (1892) 368-. 
Zech, Paul Heinrich. Lpldina. 29 (1893) 66. 
Zeiss, Carl Friedrich. Cztg. Opt. 10 (1889) 

86-; Termt. Kdzl. 21 (1889) 609- ; Z. Instk. 

9 (1889) 86-. 
Zenker, Wilhelm. Lpldina. 86 (1899) 196; 

Wien Pht. Cor. 36 (1899) 729. 
Zentmayer, Joseph. Franklin I. J. 126 (1888) 

483-; Am. Mcr. S. P. 14 (1892) 161- ; Am. 

Ph. S. P. 81 (1898) 36S-; Mcr. S. J. (1893) 

793-. 
Zetzsche, Karl Eduard. Dresden Isis Sb. (1894) 

17-; Elekttech. Z. 16^(1894) 297-; J. T61. 

18 (1894) 171 ; Lam. Elect 62 (1894) 346- ; 

Mt. Ostld. 6 (1894) 199- ; Giving. 41 (1896) 

186-. 
Zdllner, Johann Karl Friedrich. C.-Ztg. 6 

{Sem. 1) (1882) 381. 



28 



0020 Periodicals, etc. 

0020 Periodicals, Beports of Insti- 
tutions, Societies, Congresses, etc. 

Brussels Academy, report on work in physios 

and meteorology. Duprez^ F. J, Brux. Ac. 

Gent. Anniv. 2 (1872) 88 pp. 
Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, 

reports. Benoit, J. R, Par. Poids et Mes. 

PV. (1890) 2-; (1891) 19-; (1892) 26-; 

(1894) 45-, 90-; (1896) 8-, 31-; (1897) 14-; 

(1899)12-; (1900)3-. 
Edinburgh University, physical laboratory, 

notes. Tait, P. G. [1870] Edinb. B. S. 

P. 7 (1872) 206-. 
Electrical Congress, International, Frankfort, 

report. Jacquin^ C, Lum. Elect. 46 (1892) 

667-. 

— congresses of Paris. Preece^ W, H. Tel, 
E. J. 13 (1884) 361-. 

— Engineers, Institution of, visit to Switzer- 
land, 1899. ThrdfaU, R. Kt. 60 (1899) 
678-. 

, , , — . Inst, Elect, Eng., 

Swi$$ Vint Comm, I. Elect. E. J. 29 (1900) 
195-, 243-. 

— instruments of International Exhibition, 
1862, report. Jenkin, F. Tel. J. 1 (•1864) 
18-, 26-, 41-, 62-, 66-. 76-, 87-, 100-, 113^, 
126-, 138-, 162-, 162-, 171-, 186-, 197-, 
207-, 222-, 233-, 244-, 266-, 268-, 278-, 
292-. 

— units. International Conference, conclu- 
sions. Helmholtz, — von, Berl. Ps. Qs. Yh. 
(1884) 26-. 

,—, report. Violle,J, A. T^l. 23 (1896- 

97)46-. 
Electricity at Antwerp Exhibition. Ca^l, E, 

A. T61. 12 (1886) 289-. 

— — Edinburgh International Exhibition. 
WalnuUy, JR. M, [1890] I. Elect. E. J. 19 
(1891) 602-. 

— Exhibition, Paris, 1881, experiments, re- 
port. AUard, E,, dt others, A. C. 29 (1883) 
6-. 

— — at Puis Observatory. Juppont, — . 
G^n. Civ. 6 (1884-86) 336, 361-, 366-, 
383-, 398-, 416- ; 7 (1886) 26-, 41-, 69-, 
73-, 88-, 107-, 122-. 

— . La Tauannej Q, de. A. T^l. 

12 (1886) 102-. 
— , International Exhibition. Soulages, C. C, 

Lum. Elect. 4 (*1881) 213-. 
«_^ , Munich, 1882. Du Moncel, T. 

Lum. ileoi, 9 (*]>883) 293-. 
— , , Vienna. WaUentinj J. G. Humb. 

3 (1884) 41-. 
— , technical application (Exhibition of 1889). 

ChaUm, P. F. Bv. Un. Mines 12 (1890) 

239-. 

Instruments at the Exhibition, London, 1862. 

Dave, H, W. (vi Adds.) Berl. Pol. Gs. Vh. 

24 (1863) 216-. 
Steam engines at Chicago Exhibition. Frey- 

tag, F, Dingier 290 (1893) 121-, 146-, 241-, 

266-; 291 (1894) 63-, 146-, 311. 



(General Treatises, etc. 0030 

Technical Conference, Paris, July 1889. 12., L. 
A. Tel. 16(1889)649-. 

Telegraphic Conference, International, Berlin. 
Amm. A. T^l. 12 (1885) 614-. 

U. S. Geol. Surv. (Physical Laboratory), ad- 
ministrative report. Barus^ C, U. S. Gl. 
Sv. Bp. (♦1882-83) 62-. 

, Division of Chemistry and Physics, 

reports 1883-93. Clarke, F. W. U. S. Gl. 
Sv. Bp. (1883-84) 69-; (1884-86) 86-; (1885- 
86) 127- ; (1886-87) 189- ; (1887-88) 141- ; 
(1888-89) [Pt. 1) 177- ; (1889-90) (Pt. I) 
125- ; (1890-91) {Pt. 1) 127- ; (1891-92) 
(Pt. 1) 169- ; (1892-93) {Pt. 1) 267-; (1893- 
94) 196- ; U. S. Gl. Sv. Bll. No. 27 (1886) 
80 pp. ; No. 42 (1887) 162 pp. ; No. 66 (1889) 
96 pp. ; No. 60 (1890) 174 pp. ; No. 64 (1890) 
60 pp. ; No. 78 (1891) 131 pp. ; No. 90 (1892) 
77 pp. ; No, 113 (1893) 116 pp. 

ValorouSt physical investigations of P. H. 
Carpenter. Carpenter, W. B. B. S. P. 25 
(1877) 230-. 



0030 General Treatises, Tezt- 
Books, Dictionaries, Collected 
Works, Tables. 

Acoustics. Chladni, E. F. F. J. de Ps. 70 

(1810) 301-. 
Electrical system of bodies (J. W. Bitter). 

Pfaf, C. H. Gilbert A. 28 (1808) 223-. 
Electricity and Magnetism (Maxwell). Ber- 

trand, J. J. Sav. (1873) 461-. 
Electrostatics and maignetism (papers by Sir 

W. Thomson). Bertrand, J. J. Sav. (1873) 

461-. 
''Foundation of all Philosophy'* (Newton). 

ChallU, J. Ph. Mg. 26 (1863) 280-. 
Fresnel, complete works. Bertrand, <7. J. 

Sav. (1867) 37-, 86-. 
General phynics. Knochenhauer, K. W. Bpm. 

Ps. 7 (1846) 121-. 
Kinetics, modern, and dynamics of the future. 

Him, O.A. C. B. 103 (1886) 614-. 
Light (Herschel). Marx, C. M. Schweigger 

J. 67 (=Jh. 27) (1829) 144-. 
— (Becquerel). Delarive, A. Arch. Sc. Ps. 

Nt. 33 (1868) 267-. 
— , mathematical theory, Cauchy's works. 

Moigno, F. Bv. Sc. 2 (1844) 6-, 161-. 
Mechanics and physics, introduction to. 

Lepriol, C, J, Bouen Tr. Ac. (1811) 

13-. 
Natural philosophy (Sir W. Thomson). Ber- 
trand, J. J. Sav. (1868) 541-. 
Optics, Venturi*8, summary. Brandes, H. W. 

GUbert A. 62 (1816) 398-. 
Physics, Biot's treatise. Biot, J. B. Bb. Un. 

2 (1816) 81-. 
Telephony. PiSrard, A. Bv. Un. Mines 23 

(1893) 1-, 299-; 24 (1893) 78-, 202-, 311- ; 

26 (1894) 196-. 
Text-book, plan. Rodig, — . Gilbert A. 7 

(1801) 383-. 



29 



0030 Tables 



BibliographieSy Addresses, etc. 0040 



TABLES. 

Acoustic logarithms. Delezenne, C, [1857] 
(xn) LiUe S. Mm. 4 (1858) 3-. 

Air column, 100 ft. high, weight at different 
pressures and temperatures for N. lat. 40°. 
Dunwoody, H. H. C, [U. S.] Chief Sig. Off. 
A. Rp. (*1876) 364-. 

Barometric and other observations in con- 
nexion with the standard kilogram. Marek, 
W. J. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 1 (♦1881) 
D. xvn-; 2 (♦1883) D. xi-; 3 (1884) D. 

XXI-. 

Correction for variations in insulation of sub- 
marine cable at different temperatures. 

Lagarde, — . A. T61. [19] (1892) 450-. 
Deduction of increase rates from tables. 

Everett, J, D. Nt. 60 (1899) 271. 
. Runge, C. Nt. 60 (1899) 

366-. 
Dew-point observations, Pike's Peak, test of 

Begnault's formula and results, 1878. Abbe, 

C. [U. S.] Chief Sig. Off. A. Rp. (^1880) 

862-. 
Electricity, conductors. Geipel, W, Elect. 12 

(1884) 623. 
Oases and vapours according to composition, 

volatility and density. Poggendorff^ J. C 

Pogg. A. 49 (1840) 417-, 601-. 
Heat, expansion by, solids and liquids. Clarke^ 

F. W. [1876] Smiths. Misc. Col. 14 (1878) 

Art. 6, 67 pp. 
Hygrometric tables, (dew-point and relative 

humidity). Ahbe, C, [U. S.] Chief Sig. Off. 

A. Rp. (♦1881) 1138-. 
Logarithmic charts, scale lines on. Boyst C, V. 

Nt. 52 (1895) 272-. 
Metals, resistances. Scott^ K. Elect. Rv. 43 

(1898) 71-. 107-, 187-. 
Object glass components, radii of curvature. 

Forti, A. N. Cim. 10 (1869) 249-. 
Polarisation of light refracted through 4 parallel 

plates, degree. Adamst W. O, As. S. M. 

Not. 31 (1871) 162-. 
Psychrometric tables (vapour tension, dew-point 

and relative humidity) for whirled psychro- 

meter. Ferrel, W. [U. S.] Chief Sig. Off. 

A. Rp. (1886) 233-. 
Reduction of weighings to a vacuum, Munich. 

Schr'&n, H, L. F. (xn) Arch. Phm. Ill 

(1860) 257-. 
Smithsonian meteorological and physical tables. 

Guyot, A, [1869-84] Smiths. Misc. Col. 1 

(1862) Art. 3. 634 pp.; 28 (1887) xxv + 

747 pp. 
— physical tables. Gray^ T. Smiths. Misc. 

Qol. 36 (1897) AH, 3, xxxiv + 301pp. 
Stereometric weighing. Neovius^A, Helsingf. 

Acta 19 (1893) No. 16, 28 pp. 
Wave-lengtn tables of spectra of elements and 

compounds. Brit. Ass., Comm, B. A. Rp. 

(1890) 224-; (1891) 161- ; (1892) 193- ; 

(1893) 387-; (18W) 248-; (1896) 273-; 

(1896) 273-; (1897) 76-; (1898) 313- ; (1899) 

257- ; (1900) 193-. 
Wave-lengths, standard, new table. Rowlandt 

H. A. As. & Asps. 12 (1893) 321-. 



0032 Bibliographies. 

Electrolysis and its applications (1784-1880). 

Webb, W. W. N. Y. Ac. A. 2 (1882) 

313-. 
Gas cells and e. m.f. of gases. Bose, E. Z. 

Ps. C. 34 (1900) 730-. 
Gases, occlusion and diffusion. Bose, E. Z. 

Ps. C. 34 (1900) 710-. 
Heat conduction. Gibson, G. A. Edinb. Mth. 

S. P. 7 (1889) 6-. 
Light, chemical influence. Tuckermanj A. 

Smiths. Misc. Col. 34 (1893) ^r(. 9, 22 pp. 
Physics, 1884-86. Barker, G. F. Smiths. Rp. 

(1884) 487-; (1885) 632-; (1887) 384-. 
Rdntgen rays, in France. DoUinger, F. Fschr. 

Rdntgenstr. 1 (1897-98) 146- ; 2 (1898-99) 

36-, 70-; 3 (1899-1900) 111-, 147-. 
Spectroscopy. Brit. Ass., Comm. B. A. Rp. 

(1881)328-; (1884)296-; (1889)344-; (1894) 

161- ; (1898) 439-. 
— . Tuckerman, A. Smiths. Misc. Col. 32 

(1888) Art. 2, x-f 423 pp. 
Thermodynamics. Tuckermxin, A. [1890] 

Smiths. Misc. Col. 34 (1893) Art. 7, 

239 pp. 
Viscosity of liquids, 1800-89. Gee, W. W. H. 

Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. <& P. 3 (1890) 

123-. 
Vision, chief subjective phenomena, analytic 

bibliography (1880-82). PlaUau, J. Brux. 

Ac. Mm. 46 (1884) (No. 4) 20 pp. 



0040 Addresses, Lectures, etc., of 
a general character. 

Address, 21 December, 1896. Comu, A. C. R. 

123 (1896) 1099-. 
— , presidential. Cocchi, — . It. S. Gl. Bll. 6 

(1887) 424-. 
Air, adventures of a particle. Mensbrugghe, G. 

van der. Brux. Ac. Bll. 30 (1896) 701-. 
— , compressed, for motive power. Saunders, 

W. L. Franklin I. J. 133 (1892) 370-. 
— , liquefaction ; primary batteries and artificial 

light. Coleman, J. J. Glasg. Ph. S. P. 16 

(1886) 232-. 
American Association. (The mathematical and 

philosophical state of the physical sciences.) 

hovering, J. Am. As. P. (1874) {Pt. 1) 

, Mechan. Sci. Sect. (Mission of science.) 

Thurston, R. H. Am. As. P. (1884) 
227-. 

, Phys. Sect. (A plea for pure science.) 

Rowland, H. A. Am. As. P. (1883) 
106-. 

, . (Experimental research.) Thom- 
son, E. Am. As. P. (1899) 76-. 

Astronomy and physics, relations to develop- 
ment of mechanic arts. Abbe, C. Franklin 
I. J. 148 (1899) 81-. 

Atoms, mechanics. Buchntr, G, Cztg. Opt. 
12 (1891) 41-, 64-, 78-, 8a-. 



30 



0040 British Association Addresses Addresses, Lectures, etc. 0040 

Eleotrio industries, mechanioal engineering in. 
Perry, J, Elect. 28 (1889) 603-. 

— installation, subterranean cables. Siemens, 
W. von. Elekttech. Z. 10 (1889)177-. 

— light. Preece, W. H, [1879] Un. Serv. I. 
J. 23 (1880) 88-. 

— processes in telephonic circuits and ap- 
paratus. Franhe, A, Elekttech. Z. 12 (1891) 
447-. 468-. 

— research, cosmological and technical value. 
Foerster, W. Elekttech. Z. 10 (1889) 285>. 

— transmission of power. AyrUm, W. E, Nt. 
38 (1888) 508-, 633-. 

Electricity. (Presidential address, Soci^t^ Hel- 
Y^tique, Qeneva.) Delarive, A, Bb. Un. 68 
(1846) 320-. 

— (contact effect, motors, etc.). (Presidential 
address.) Brown, J, [1900J Belfast NH. S. 
Rp. & P. (1900-01) 17-. 

~, applications. Eraser, W, J. Sc. 21 (1884) 

327-, 399-, 466-. 
— , — . (Address.) Colson, A. [1898] Leic. 

S. T. 6 (1901) 93-. 
— , distribution. RUMmann, R, Elekttech. Z. 

9 (1888) 309-. 
— , future. HiUairet, — . As. Fr. C. R. (1892) 

{Pt. 1) 17-. 

— in medicine and surgery. GSrard, E, Bv. 
Un. Mines 32 (1896) 263-. 

— , modem. (Address.) Maseart, — . As. 
Fr. C. R. (1894) {Pt. 1) 64-. 

— , past, present and future. Pope, R. W, 
Franklin I. J. 131 (1891) 21-, 88-. 

— , •* wave-currents." Heinke, C Elekttech. 
Z. 20 (1899) 610-, 627-. 

Electrochemical research, position. Fr'dlich, 
— . Elekttech. Z. 6 (1884) 466-. 

Electrochemistry, scientinc of the present and 
technical of the future. Ostwcdd, — . Elekt- 
tech. Z. 16 (1894) 329-. 

Electromagnet. Fr'dlich, 0. Elekttech. Z. 16 
(1894) 39-. 

Electromagnetic theories of physical pheno- 
mena. Lorentz, H, A, Ps. Z. 1 (1900) 
498-, 614-. 

Electrotechnics, employment of complex magni- 
tudes. Steinmetz, C. P. Elekttech. Z. 14 
(1893) 697-, 631-, 641-, 663-. 

Energy. Onnen, H. Batav. Ntk. Ts. 41 (1882) 
218-. 

Exactitude in experimental sciences, methods, 
instruments, etc. Decharme, C, Amiens Ac. 
Mm. 39 (1892) 123- ; 40 (1893) 86- ; 41 (1894) 

Force. Tyndall, J. R. I. P. 3 (ia58-62) 627-. 

Glasgow Philosophical Society, '* Graham 
Lecture." (Graham's researches on mole- 
cular movement.) Roherts-Atuten, W, C. 
Glasg. Ph. S. P. 11 (1879) 346-. 

Gravity and its usual applications. Ferron, E, 
[1877] Lux. I. Pb. 17 (1879) 116-. 

Heat, water and air, connection and relations 
between, in the actions of nature. Markie- 
wicz, R. Krk. Roczn. Uniwers. 16 (1833) 
279-. 

Inst. Elect. Engin. Inaugural address. (The 
applications of science.) Fitzgerald, G. F. 
I. Elect. E. J. 29 (1900) 394-. 



BRITISH ASSOCIATION ADDRESSES. 

Siemens, {Sir) C. W, B. A. Rp. (1882) 1-. 
Math, and Phys. Sect. Spotttswoode, W. B. 

A. Rp. 36 (1866) (Sect.) 1-. 

. Tyndall, J, B. A. Rp. 38 (1868) 

{Sect.) 1-. 
. Sylvester^ J. J. B. A. Rp. 39 

(1869) (Sect,) 1-. 

. Maxwell, J. C. B. A. Rp. 40 

(1870) {Sect.) 1-. 

. Tait, P. G. B. A. Rp. 41 (1871) 

{Sect.) 1-. 
. DeLa Rue, W, B. A. Rp. 42 

(1872) {Sect,) 1-. 

. Smith, R. J, S, B. A. Rp. 43 

(1873) {Sect.) 1-. 

. (Relation of mathematics and 

physics to other sciences.) Jellett, {Rev.) J. H. 

B. A. Rp. (1874) {Sect.) 1-. 

. (Mutual relations of mathematics 

and physios.) Foster, G. C. B. A. Rp. (1877) 

{Sect.) 1-. 
. Stoney, G. J. B. A. Rp. (1879) 

243-. 
. Adams, W. G. B. A. Rp. (1880) 

447-. 
. (Sources of energy in nature.) 

Thomson, {Sir) W. B. A. Rp. (1881) 613-. 

— — — — . Rayleigh (Lord). B. A. Rp. 
(1882) 437-. 

. (Steps towards a kinetic theory 

of matter.) Thomson, {Sir) W. B. A. Rp. 
(1884) 613-. 

. (Physics and psychology.) Lodge, 

0. J. B. A. Rp. (1891) 647-. 

— — — — . (Review of optical theories.) 
Glazebrook, R. T. B. A. Rp. (1893) 
671-. 

. (Theories of the SBther.) Hicks, 

W. M. B. A. Rp. (1896) 696-. 

. Poynting, J. H. B. A. Rp. (1899) 

616-. 

. (Physics of the asther.) Larmor, 

J. B. A. Rp. (1900) 613-. 

Meohan. Sci. Sect. (Theory of steam engine. 
Available soiirces of energy. Newer applica- 
tions of electricity.) Armstrong, W. G. 
Armstrong {Lord\. B. A. Rp. (1881) 767-. 

. (Practical applications of electricity.) 

Preece, W. H. B. A. Rp. (1888) 781-. 



Combustion, and production of mechanical, 
thermal and electrical power. Le Chatelier, 
H. Rv. Sc. 9 (1898) 226-. 

Congrte International de Chronom^trie, in- 
augural address, 28 July, 1900. Caspari, — . 
Cg. Int. Chron. (1900) 1-. 

Economic nature of physical research. Mach, 
E. Wien Ahn. (1882) 293-. 

Electric cUstribution of time. Brown, A. D. 
Franklin I. J. 126 (1888) 462-; 126 (1888) 
14-. 

— Exhibition and pure research . Snyder, M, B. 
FrankUn I. J. 122 (1886) 401-. 



31 



0040 Addresses, Lectures, etc., of a general character 0040 

Jaite apparatus and stenotelegraphy. Jaite, — . Photography, colour. Ahneyj W, de W, Nt. 

Elekttech. Z. 14 (1898) 126-. 56 (1897) 186. 

Light and colour, Bakerian lecture. Youngs — , the making of. Himes, C, F, Franklin I. 

{Dr,) T. [1801] Phil. Trans. (1802) 12-. J. 148 (1899) 401-. 

— , effect on physical life. Address, 1866. — , recent scientific applications. Manctnt, E. 

Brewster, (Sir) D, Edinb. R. S. P. 6 (1869) N. Antol. Sc. 76 (1884) 261-. 

2-. — , review of progress. Wood^ (Sir) H. T. 

— as form of energy and its photographic Nt. 50 (1894) 577-. 

application. Spencer, jR. Barrow FG. Bp. Physical change, nature and kinds of forces 

6 (1891) 80-. causing. Markiewicz, R, Erk. Boczn. 

— and heat. Inaugural address, 1872. Eadt, Uniwers. 6 (1821) 74-. 

J. B, St. Louis Ac. T. 8 (1878) Iv-. — considerations. BUttner, J, O. (vi Adds.) 
other high frequency phenomena. Tesla, Mitau Arb. Eurland. Os. 8 (1850) 1-. 

N. Franklin I. J. 186 (1898) 1-, 81-, 161-, — science for artists. Lockyer, J. N, Nt. 44 

259-, 851-, 401-. (1891) 175-, 227-. 

— , influence of wave theory. Bede lecture, 1899. — studies, use and progress. Markiewicz, R. 

Comu, A, Gamb. Ph. S. T. 18 (1900) xvn-. Erk. Boczn. Uniwers. 12 (1827) 848-. 

Liquids, phenomena connected with motion of. Physics, lectures. Barruel, E, Par. 6c. Pol. 

Tyndall, J. B. I. P. 1 (1851-54) 446-. J. 1* cah, (1794-95) 120- ; 2» cah. (1795) 

Machine technique, connection with science 128- ; 8« ca/i. (1796)887-; 4* cafc. (1796) 623-. 

and life. Kammerer, O. [1899] Ps. Z. 1 _, _. HaUy, R. J, Par. 8^. Ec. Norm. 1 

(1900) 186-. (1800) 82-, 188-, 808-, 394-; (pte. 2) 23-, 

Mathematical physics, lectures. Zannotti, M. 65_, 134-, 238-, 885-, 374-, 433-, 470- ; 2 

G. Mt. 7 (1869) 160-, 851- ; 8 (1870) 60-. (1800) 129-, 318- ; {pU, 2) 4-; 3 (1800) 39-, 

Matter. (Lecture.) Outerbridge, A, E, (jun,) 3io_; (App.) 1-; 4 (1800) 71-, 271- ; 5 (1800) 

[1884] Franklin I. J. 120 (1885) 178-. 173-. 219-, 32^- ; 6 (1800) 74-. 

— , nature. Homstein, F. F. [1889] Eassel ^, methods and conquests. BatuUi, A. Bv. 

Vr. Nt. B. 88 (1892) {Ab,) 29-. Sc. [Ind.] 30 (1898) 1-. 

Microsc. Glub, Quekett, presidential address. — in recent progress of science. Camu, A, 

(Microscopic work and conjectural science.) As. Fr. G. B. (1890) {Pt. 1) 128-. 

BeaU,L.S. Quek. Mcr. Gl. J. 2 (1871) 221-. Physiology and physics, relation. Knes,J.von. 

— Soc., address. Reade, J, B, M. Mcr. J. 8 [1891] Freiburg B. 6 (1892) 1-. 

(1870) 113-. Practical science, recent achievements. Presi- 

, presidential address. (Microscopy and dential address. Roberts, J, P. S. [1896] 

bacteriology.) Duncan, P. M, Mcr. S. J. Brighton NH. S. Bp. (1897) 5-. 

4 (1884) 178-. Badiant matter. Flemming, G, [1888] Mt. 

— —,——. (Microscopes and stands.) Ostld. 5 (1892) 9-. 

Michael, A, L. Mcr. 8. J. (1897) 97-. Belativity in science. Kuerr, E. B. [1897] 

— —, — —. (Achromatic doublets and Kan. Ac. So. T. 16 (1899) 34-. 
triplets.) Nehon, E. M. Mcr. S. J. (1898) Betrospect of year 1896. (X rays; helium; 
^*9-' , railways, etc.) Armstrong, O, F. Sc. S. 

, . pispersion.) NeUon, E. M. Arts T. 14 (1898) 185-. 

Mcr. S. J. (1899) 121-. Solar physics. Stokes, Q. G. Nt. 24 (1881) 

"l^:; "^ wX\T5??^'^ 2^e[*on, £. Jf. 593-, 613-. 

XT a '^'i *i 'a /A . J J Spectroscope, simple, and its teachings. 

N. S. Wales Boy. Soc. (Anmversary address, Lockyer, N. Nt. 59 (1898-99) 371-, 391-. 

}?Ina\ 1 ^^"^^^' ^' ^- ^' ^' ^' ^- °' ^' ^^ Spectroscopic apparatus. Lecture, 1847. Reg- 

_^_Z_1'_ I ) Threlfall R N S ^^^' ^' ^^^'^^ Science 5 (1897) 409-. 

"ixr "D fl T 00 noQM 1 J * ' • • Spectrum analysis, lecture. Wheeler, A. [IQdl] 

^W. B. S. J^29 a896) 1-^^.^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Groydon Mcr Gl. P AT. 8 (1892) clxx 

W. B. S. J. 83 (1899) 1-. ".filSf ' oif°* o^ Lockyer, {Str) N. Nt. 60 
, Engin. Sect. (Annual address, (18^9) 368-, 392-. 

1896.) Warren, W. H, N. S. W. B. S. J. Technical science, present tasks. Martens, A. 

30 (1897) i-. Cztg. Opt. 4 (♦1883) 73-. 
, , ( , 1899.) Selfe, N, Technology, physical sciences which form 

N. S. W. B. S. J. 38 (1899) i (bis)-, basis of. Wilson, G. Edinb. N. Ph. J. 5 

Optics, physical. Bakerian Lecture. Young, (1857) 64-. 

(Dr.) r. [1808] Phil. Trans. (1804) 1-. Telegr. Engin. Soc. , inaugural address. Thorn- 

Paris, physical congress. Golicyn, {Prince) B, son, (Sir) W. {Lord Kelvin), Tel. E. J. 3 

B. St. P6t. Ac. Sc. BU. 13 (1900) xxvi-. (1874) 1-. 

— , . Ryka6ev, M, A. St. P6t. Ac. Sc. , presidential address. (Electricity, 

Bll. 13 (1900) Ixi-. nature.) Preece, W. H, Tel. E. J. 9 (1880) 3-. 

Phonograph records, analysis. McKendrick, — — — , — — . (Electrical science and 

J, G, Nt. 56 (1897) 209-. practice.) Foster, G, C. Tel. E. J. 10 

Photographic record work. [Discussion.] Himes, (1881) 4-. 

C. F., dt others. Franklin I. J. 149 (1900) , . Smith, WUUmghby. Tel. E. 

206-. J. 12 (1883) 5-. 

32 



0050 



Pedagogy. Lecture Apparatus and Experiments 



0050 



Theoretioal physics, methods. Boltzmantit L, 
L. Ps. S. P. 12 (1894) 386- ; Ph. Mg. 36 
(1893) 37-. 

Theories, aims and necessities, modem, of 
physics. (Address, Phys. Soc. Amer., 1899.) 
Itowland, H. A. Science 10 (1899> 825-. 

Washington Phil. Soc., presidential address, 
1882. (Physics and occult qualities.) Taylor, 
W, B. Wash. Ph. S. BU. 6 (1883) 126-. 



0050 Pedagogy. Lecture 
Apparatus and Experiments. 

Alternating current problems, elementary 

treatment. Rhode*, W. G, Elect. Bv. 45 

(1899) 463-. 
— and phase currents, apparatus. Weiler, W, 

Elekttech. Z. 13 (1892) 138-. 
Apparatus. Plettner, F. Carl Bpm. 10 (1874) 

224-, 391- ; 11 (1876) 94-, 253-. 
— , easily constructed. Weber, L. Carl Bpm. 

15 (1879) 50-. 
— , improvements. Muncke, G. W, Gilbert 

A. 68 (1821) 60-. 
— , — . Ffeiffer, P, Orv.-Termt. Ets. (Termt, 

Szak) (1893) 19-, 84-. 
Balance, demonstration-. Rueprecht, A, (xn) 

Z. Instk. 2 (1882) 99-. 
— , voltaic, experiment. Gore, G, C. N. 58 

(1888) 64. 
Barometer, demonstration-. SchtUze,E. Humb. 

4 (1885) 453-. 
Bifilar suspension, demonstration apparatus. 

Oberheek, A, N.-Vorp. Mt. 19 (1888) 84-. 
Boyle-Mariotte law, demonstration apparatus. 

SzSkely, K. Termt. Kdzl. 31 (1899) (Suppl,) 

145-. 
Boyle's law apparatus. Humphreys, W. J, Ps. 

Bv. 10 (1900) 123-. 
. Rogers, F. J. Ps. Bv. 11 (1900) 

112-. 
, verification. Williams, N, U. Ps. Bv. 

11 (1900) 255-. 
Capillarity, experiments. Kurz, A, Exner 

Bpm. 19 (1883) 337-, 822. 
Camot's cycle in thermodynamics, defect in 

usual proofs. MacGregor, J, G. [1889] N. 

Sootia I. Sc. P. A T. 7 (1890) 227-. 
Caustics, demonstration. Wood, R. W, Am. 

J. Sc. 50 (1895) 301-. 
Current, magnetic induction, and motion, 

relations between. Rimington, E, C, Elect. 

Bv. 33 (1893) 32-. 
Diffraction bands, method of illustrating for- 
mation. Moreiand, S. T, Am. J. Sc. 29 

(1885) 5-. 
Dc^pler effect, demonstration. Wood, R, W, 

Ps. Bv. 4 (1897) 504. 
Dynamo, hand-, experiments. Beaulieu- 

Mareonnay, — von, Humb. 5 (1886) 23-, 

344. 
Dynamos, alternating, new experimental. Anon, 

Elekttech. Z. 13 (1892) 432-. 
Elastic deformation of wire, apparatus for 

demonstration and measurement. Oberbeck, 

A. N.-Vorp. Mt. 19 (1888) 86-. 

vou III. 33 



Electric lighting, general description. Clare- 
mont, E, A. Br. Aroht. J. 2 (1895) 258-. 

— operations, method of explaining. Smith, 
John (of Sydney), [1877] N. S. W. B. S. J. 
11 (1878) 157-. 

Electricity, experiments. Foster, G. C. Ph. 

Mg. 38 (1869) 229-. 
— , teaching, suggested alterations. Hopkinson, 

J, [1896] I. Elect. E. J. 25 (1897) 6-. 
— , technical course. Bahia, M. B. Arg. S. 

Ci. A. 35 (1893) 129-, 217-. 
— , — instruction in England. Tunzelmann, 

G, W, de, Lum. 6lect. 30 (1888) 201-, 307-, 

357-, 406-, 459-, 514-, 608-. 
— , theorems demonstrated in inexact manner 

in text books. Machai, Y. C. B. 95 (1882) 

210-. 
— , voltaic, measuring instruments. Holtz, — . 

N.-Vorp. Mt. 22 (1891) xx. 
— , — , projection of experiments. Bleekrode, 

L, J. de Ps. 2 (1883) 277-. 
Electrodynamic apparatus. Niemdller, — . 

Osnab. Jbr. (1889-90) 8-. 
Electromagnetic apparatus. Semmola,E. Nap. 

I. Inc. At. 11 (1898) No, 12, 3 pp. 

— inclinatorium. Schumann, — . Humb. 5 
(1886) 382. 

Electrostatics, teaching in schools. Morrison, 

J. T, Edinb. Mth. S. P. 8 (1890) 89-. 
Electrotechnics, progress. Hertz, — •'. [1886} 

Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. Vh. 10 (1888) {Sb,) 123-. 
— , teaching. Ayrton, W. E. [1892] 1. Elect. 

E. J. 21 (1893) 5-. 
Elementary physics, method of teaching. Joly^ 

J. [1893] Dubl. S. Sc. P. 8 (1893-98) 215-. 

— principles. Ausfeldt, — . Voigt Mg. 5- 
(1803) 50-. 

— science, especially '* natural philosophy*** 
(physics), teaching. WormeU, R, Educ 
Times 39 (1886) 113-. 

Energy, science of, in secondary education. 
Le ChaUlier, — . Bv. Sc. 1 (1894) 641-. 

— , significance for physical instruction. 
Januschke, H, D. Nf. Vh. (1894) (Th. 2, 
HdlfU 1) 301-. 

Evaporation, rapid, experiment. Brugnatelli,. 
T. MU. I. Lomb. Bd 10 (1877) 823-. 

Expansion of air at constant pressure, appara- 
tus for determination of coefficient. Adorns^ 
C, F. Ps. Bv. 10 (1900) 178-. 

— — iron and copper, unequal, apparatus, 
showing. Gripon, E. J. de Ps. 1 (1872)^ 
334-. 

water, anomalous, apparatus showing. 

Foye, J. C. Nt. 49 (1893-94) 531. 
Experimental science, exercises illustrative of 

course of instruction. Armstrong, H. E. B. 

A. Bp. (1890) 299-. 
Experiments. BeeU, W, Carl Bpm. 2 (1867) 

298-. 
— . Mach, E, Carl Bpm. 6 (1870) 8-. 
— , 3. Schweder, G, Biga Cor.-Bl. 38 (1895) 

56-. 

— and apparatus to illustrate various principles. 
Marangoni, C, (xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 11 (1879) 
57-, 67-, 74-, 101-, 147-, 230-, 431- ; 12 
(1880) 29- 87-, 110, 321- ; 13 (1881) 9-; 
14 (1882) 37-. 



0050 



Pedagogy. Lecture Apparatus and Experiments 0050 



Expenments and apparatas, new. Rebenstorfft 
H. A. Dresden IsiB Sb. (1899) 10. 

— , classification. Foumter-d^Albe, E, E, 
Elect. 36 (1896) 721-. 

— : composition of vibrations ; di£Fu8ion ; analysis 
of polarised light. Bdntgen^ W. C. A. Ps. 

C. 40 (1890) 109-. 

— , elementary. Boienberg, V. L, Bs. Ps.-G. 
8. J. 19 (Ps.) (1887) 7-; J. de Ps. 7 (1888) 
271-. 

— : longitudinal wave propagation ; vowel 
qualities; rectangular vibrations, compo- 
sition. Thompson, S. P. Ph. Mg. 9 (1880) 
75. 

Falling bodies, and deposition of smoke, 
apparatus. Meyer, O, E. Bresl. Schl. Gs. 
Jbr. (1893) [Ah. 2a) 22. 

Freezing-point depression, experiment to de- 
monstrate Baoult's law. Ciamician, G. Berl. 

B. 22 (1889) 31-. 

Graphical illustration, tri-axial diagrams and 

pyramids for. Hovoe, H. M. [1898] Am. 

I. Mn. E. T. 28 (1899) 346-, 894-. 
— representation in physics. Lloyd, H. B. 

A. Bp. (1843) (j9(. 2) 4. 
HistorioiEd element in teaching. Hofu, K, D. 

Nf. Vh. (1894) (Th. 2, HdlfU 1) 309-. 
Hydropyrometer. Beaulieu-Marconnay, K. 

{Frhr,) von. Humb. 5 (1886) 383. 
Inauction motor, kinetoscopic representation of 

revolving field. Wiemer, A, E. Sc. Abs. 1 

(1898) 518. 
Light and sound, new experiments and modes 

of illustrating laws. Lovering, J. Am. Ac. 

P. 3 (1852-^7) 169-. 
— , white, recombination from colours of 

spectrum. Stroumbo, —. C. B. 103 (1886) 

737-. 
Lines of force, Faraday, use in teaching 

electricity. Schmidt, K. E, F, Z. Nw. 66 

(1893) 301-. 
-, use in teaching physics. Ebert, H. 

D. Nf. Vh. (1897) (Th. 2, Hdlfte I) 29. 
Liquid films, experiment. Weinmann, J. Basel 

Vh. 9 (1893) 243-. 

Liquids of different densities, apparatus for 
forming layers. Hcmdl, A, Z. Instk. 4 
(1884) 59-. 

Magnetic deflection of Becquerel rays, experi- 
ment. Rubens, H,, dt Aschkinass, E. D. 
Ps. Gs. Vh. (1900) 13-. 

Magnetism, experiment. Stroumbo, S, Les 
Mondes 41 (1876) 206-. 

— , experimental introduction to study. Knott, 

C. G. Edinb. Mth. S. P. 10 (1892) 50-. 
Magnets, experiments. Krebs, G. Carl Bpm. 

17 (1881) 659-. 
Mathematical physics, outline of programme. 

Berthot, P, Brux. Mm. Cour. 8°, 58 (1898- 

99) No, 3, 75 pp. 
BfaUiematics in teaching of physics, importance. 

CaUecchi, T. Bv. Sc.-Ind. 30 (1898) 65-. 
Microscope, improved lantern. Leach's. Anon. 

Mor. S. J. (1889) 803-. 
-., new exhibition-. Anon. Mcr. S. J. (1900) 

714-. 
— , panoramic arrangement for. Anderson, 

R. J. Mor. S. J. (1889) 799-. 



Microscope, '* school.** Anon, Mcr. S. J. 
(1899) 649. 

— technique, plea for systematic instruction. 
Cox, J. D, Am. Mcr. S. P. 15 (1893) 1-. 

Mirrors and lenses, method of demonstrating 

theory. Mensbrugghe, G, van der, Brux. S. 

Sc. A. 16 (1892) (Pt, 1) 62-. 
Motion, simple harmonic, apparatus for ex- 
hibiting. Bergmann, J, N.-Vorp. Mt. 18 

(1887) 1-. 
— , , laboratory experiment. Reed, J, O. 

Ps. Bv. 2 (1895) 56-. 
Musical scale from point of view of teaching of 

physics. Mathias, — . Toul. Ac. Sc. BU. 1 

(1898) 254-. 
Natural science, necessity for generalisation of 

principles. Zambra,B, Ven. At. 2 (1851) 55-. 
Optical notes. Lang, V, von. [1880] Wien 

Ak. Sb. 82 (1881) {Ab, 2) 171-. 
Optics, experiments. Knoblauch, H. Pogg. 

A. 107 (1859) 323-. 
— , part of a course. Duhem, P, Brux. S. Sc. 

A. 18 (1894) (Pt. 2) 95- ; 19 (1895) (Pt, 2) 

27- ; 20 (1896) (Pt. 2) 27-. 
— , projection of principal phenomena. Du- 

moncel, T, [A. L.] Caen Mm. Ac. (1856) 

157-. 
Peltier's phenomena, apparatus to show. 
, Holtz, — . [1890] N.'Vorp. Mt. 22 (1891) 

XX. 

Pendulum, compound, apparatus for demon- 
strating laws. Oberbeck, A. N.-Vorp. Mt. 
19 (1888) 74-. 

— , Foucamt, and water hammer, 2 errors in 
physical text books. Ludwig, — . Humb. 
8 (1889) 69-. 

Physical laboratory, ideal , for a college. Lodge, 
0. Elect. 26 (1891) 32-, 66-. 

in modem education. Rowland, H. A, 

Educ. Times 43 (1890) 382-. 

— science, suggestions for course of elementary 
instruction. Armstrong, H. E. B. A. Bp. 
(1889) 229-. 

, teaching in schools. Barclay, A. J, G. 

Edinb. Mth. S. P. 4 (1886] 21-. 
, — , right ana wrong methods. 

AngeU, J. Educ. Times 41 (1888) 467-. 
Physics and chemistry, position as branches of 

education. WUbrand, F, Humb. 8 (1889) 

369-. 
— , courses of instruction at Copenhagen Poly- 
technic Institute. Prytx, K. Ts. Ps. C. 32 

(1893) 33-, 65-. 
— , programme. Serrano y Fatigati, E, Ph. 

Mg. 1 (1876] 455-. 
— , proposals for instruction. Kukn, M, Carl 

Bpm. 17 (1881) 630-. 
— , teaching. Hassenfratz, J. H. Par. Ec. Pol. 

J. 6« cah. (1799) 372-. 
— , — in the "Istituti Tecnici.'* Semmola, E. 

Nap. I. Inc. At. 5 (1892) No, 7, 4 pp. 
— , — — schools (report of B. A. Committee). 

Foster, G. C. B. A. Bp. (1874) 71-. 
— , . Croft, W. B, Educ. Times 46 

(1893) 428-. 
Polarisation of light, apparatus for explaining. 

Uaci de Lepinay, J. Par. S. Ps. S4, (1888) 

327-. 



34 



0050 Pedagogy 

Polarisation model, oomposition of 2 oircolar 
movements, apparatus. Schalkf W. C. L. 
van. Mbl. Nt. (1887) 18- ; Fschr. Ps. (1887) 
(Ab. 2) 4. 

Polarisea light produced by reflection and re- 
fraction, experiment. Kreht, G. Humb. 4 
(1886) 37-. 

Polyphase experiments, demonstration appara- 
tus for. Weinhold, A, Elekttech. Z. 13 
(18d2) 800-. 

Ptaotical physics, new apparatus for. Qtuneke, 
G. D. Nf. Vh. (1890) (Th. 2) 68. 

Problems for schools, Knes. Kume^L, Grunert 
Arch. 4 (1844) 160-. 

Badiation, effect of temperature on, laboratory 
experiment. Simon, P. J. de Ps. 7 (1888) 
79-. 

Beflection and refraction, apparatus. FUcht- 
batter, G. Carl Bpm. 10 (1874) 409- ; 17 
(1881) 192-. 

, — . Stevens, Le C. [1887] N. Y. 

Ac. T. 7 (1887-88) 72-. 

Refraction, double, projection of experiments. 
Stroumbo, D. S, C. R. 101 (1885) 605-. 

— of light, model to illustrate. Meyer, O. E, 
Bresl. Schl. Os. Jbr. (1886) 123-. 

Refractive index, measurement, experiment. 

Kurz, A. Carl Rpm. 18 (1882) 190-. 
Refractometer, educational, Zeiss^s. Anon. 

Mcr. S. J. (1900) 636-. 
Rotation apparatus. Gieseler, — . Bonn 

Niedr. Os. Sb. (1891) 82-. 
Science teaching in schools. Warmell, R. 

Educ. Times 31 (•1878) 169-. 
Sodium lines, reversal, experiment. Tumlirz, 

0. Exner Bpm. 23 (1887) 404-. 
Sound, apparatus for lectures. Maschke, H. 

A. Ps. C. 13 (1881) 204-. 

— curves, opticcd projection. Stevens, W, Le 

C. Am. J. Sc. 29 (1886) 234-. 

— , hydrostatics and mechanics, apparatus and 
experiments. SchvUer,A. Termt. Edzl. 23 
(1891) (SuppL) 40-, 91-, 174- ; Mth. Nt. B. 
Ung. 12 (1896) 339-. 

Specific heats of gases, the two. Kurz, A, 

D. Nf. Vh. (1893) (Th, 2, HdlfU 1) 219-. 
Spectra, meteJlio, exhibition. Edelmann, T. 

A. Ps. C. 149 (1873) 119-. 

Spectrum, solar, exhibition. Kesaler, F, Berl. 

B. 9 (1876) 577-. 

Surface tension, experiment. Carnegie, D, 

[1896] Nt. 63 (1896-96) 162. 
, — showing variation. Lami, P. N. 

Gim. 8 (1896) 288. 
Technical Colleges in America (United States). 

EngeU, H. Civing. 40 (1894) 13-. 
and general education. Haushofer, K, 

Civing. 37 (1891J 121-. 

— education. EglesUm, T. Am. I. Mn. E. T. 
16 (1888) 623-. 

— excursions in connection with schools. 
SchwaUbe, — . D. Nf. Vh. (1890) (Th. 2) 
666-. 

— teaching in Chili. Noguts, A . F. Santiago 
de Chile Un. A. 85 (1893) 277-, 345-, 
51&-. 

Telephone, demonstration-. Miittrich, — . 
Homb. 6 (1886) 303-. 



35 



Institutions, Musemns 0060 

Thermometer, delicate. Young, S, C. N. 56 
(1887) 261-. 

— for demonstrations. Beetz, W, Pogg. A. 
Ill (1860) 122-. 

Thermoscope, aneroid-, demonstration appara- 
tus. Karsten, G. [1889] Schl. -Hoist. Nt. 

Vr. Schr. 8 (1891) 17-. 
— , differential, use. Meyer, 0. E, Bresl. 

Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1897) (Ab. 2a) 26. 
Vibration of cord maintained by tuning fork. 

Zech, P. Z. Mth. Ps. 11 (1866) 366-. 
Vibrations, transverse, of cords, instrument for 

demonstrating. Moler, G. S, Am. J. Sc. 

36 (1888) 337-. 
Wave apparatus. Woodward, C. J. L. Ps. S. 

P. 2 (1879) 21- ; Ph. Mg. 1 (1876) 229-. 
, experiment. Stoddard, J. T, Am. J. 

Sc. 39 (1890) 218-. 
— , longitudinal, propagation, elementary 

treatment. Macgregor, J. G. [1888] N. 

Scotia I. Sc. P. & T. 7 (1890) 89-. 

— motion, apparatus for illustrating. Zech, P. 
Z. Mth. Ps. 11 (1866) 366-. 

, demonstration. Baker, W, C Ps. Bv. 

10 (1900) 175-. 
Waves, experiment. Toepler, A. A. Ps. C. 28 

(1886) 447-. 



0060 Institutions, Museums, 
Collections. 

Bavaria, Benediktbeuern, Optical Institute. 

Zschokke, H. Gilbert A. 69 (1818) 196-. 
Berlin, Charlottenburg, Beichsanstalt. Knopf, 

0. Humb. 7 (1888) 28-. 
— , — , — . Galton, (Sir) D. B. A. Rp. (1895) 

606-. 
—,—,—. Mason, F, H. U. S. Mly. Weath. 

Bv. 26 (1897) 354-. 
— , — , — . Carhart, H. S. Smiths. Rp. 

(1900) 403-. 
— , photo-chemical laboratory. Eder, J. M. 

Wien Pht. Cor. 24 (1887) 143-. 
Copenhagen Polytechnic Institute, electric 

laboratory. PryU, K. N. Ts. Fs. K. 3 (1898) 

134-. 
— Scientific Society, Physics, 1827-28. 

Orsted, H. C. Schweigger J. 52 (=Jb. 22) 

(1828) 1-. 
Cornell University, new laboratory for physics 

and chemistry. Newbury, S. B. Science 1 

(♦1883) 538-. 
Cracow University, Physical Institute. Klecki, 

L. Wiad. Mt. 2 (1898) 41-. 
Europe, electrical laboratories, report on. 

Pierron, —. Mulhouse S. In. Bll. 65 (1896) 

171-. 
Franklin Institute, work during 75 years. 

Thurston, R. H. Franklin I. J. 149 (1900) 

81-. 
Geneva, Pictet's laboratory. Pictet, R. Berl. 

Ps. Gs. Vh. (1891) 62-. 
German Technical Museums. Granger, F. 

Br. Archt. T. 6 (1890) 187-. 
Glasgow University, Lord Kelvin's laboratory. 

Gray, A. Nt. 66 (1896-97) 486-. 

C2 



0060 Institutionsy Mnseums 

Hftnover, Electrotechnical Institute of the 
Boyal Technical School. Kohlrauseh, W, 
Elekttech. Z. 7 (1886) 390-. 

Harvard, Jefferson physical laboratory. Trow- 
bridge, J. Science 5 (1885) 229-. 

Italian Society of Spectroscopists. Faye, H, 
A, J&. C. R. 74 (1872) 918-, 1240-. 

Italy, Mount Vesuvius Observatory. MarcilUie, 
P. Lum. :^leot. 17 (1885) 385-. 

Kenwood Physical Observatory. HcUe, O, E, 
As. S. Pac. Pb. 8 (1891) 80-. 

Lemberg University, Physical Institute. 
Zakrzewski, I. Wiad. Mt. 8 (1899) 155-. 

Lidge, Montefiore Electro-technical Institute. 
DuchS, Q. Lum. Elect. 18 (1884) 207-. 

London, Boyal Institution, old and new 
laboratories. Spottiswoodtj W. B. I. P. 7 
(1878) 1-. 

— , University College, new science labora- 
tories. Smith, r. R.y BearCy T.H,, Fleming, 
J, A., dt Foster, G, C. Br. Archt. J. 1 (1894) 
281-, 859-, 408. 

Manchester, Owens College, physical labora- 
tory. Anon. Nt. 62 (1900) 250-. 

Marburg University, Math.-phys. Institute. 
Oerling, C. L. Grunert Arch. 2 (1842) 
212-. 

Massachusetts, Williams College, Thompson 
physical laboratoiy. Lefavour, H. Ps. Bv. 
1 (1894) 451-. 

National physical laboratory, establishment. 
(Beport.) Brit, Asb, Comm. B. A. Bp. 
(1896) 82-. 

Oxford, laboratory of St John's College. 
Bosanquet, R. H, M. Ph. Mg. 10 (1880) 
217- ; 12(1881)178-. 

Paris, Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers,, elec- 
tricity at. LausBedat^ (col.) A. Lum. £llect. 
44 (1892) 51-. 

— , Ecole Sup^rieure de 'T^^graphie. Giraldy, 
F. Lum. 6lect. 2 (•1880) 168-. 

~, Laboratoire Central d*illectricit^. Ouil- 

laume, C, i. Lum. Elect. 27 (1888) 408-. 
—, . NerviUe, F. G. de. A. T4\. 

15 (1888) 206- ; 17 (1890) 885-. 
—, . Foru, — . 06n. Civ. 17 (1890) 

161-. 
Physical laboratories. StoV^tov, A. G. Mosc. 

S. Sc. BU. 41 (No. 2) (1884) 82-. 
Physico-chemical Institutes of Pianciani. 

VolpiceUi, P. G. Arcad. 55 (1882) 282 ; 56 

(1882) 257; 61 (1888) 257-; 67 (1886) 26-. 
Pyrenees, Pic du Midi de Bigorre, proposed 

physicfkl observatory. Sainte-Claire Deville, 

C. J. C. B. 82 (1876) 18ft-. 
Bussia, Physical Ooservatory. Kupffer, A. T. 

Bb. Un. Arch. 15 (1850) 18-. 
Sorbonne physical laooratory. Ledeboer, P. H. 

Lum. Elect. 15 (1885) 16-, 66-, 195-, 264-, 

860-, 408-. 
Sydney University, new physical laboratory. 

Threlfall, R. Aust. As. Bp. (1888) 95-. 
Technical colleges, fittings, ventilation, heat- 
ing, <fec. Robins, E. C. [1888] Br. Archt. 

T. (•1884) ^. 
— institutes, account. Ellinger, H, 0. G. 

Ts. Ps. C. 80 (1891) 225-. 



Economics 0062 

Toronto Magnetic Observatory. Stupart, R. F. 

Elect. 41 (1898) 59-. 
Warsaw Museum of Industry and Agriculture, 

physical laboratory. Bogtuki, J, J. Prace 

Mt.-Fiz. 1 (1888) 119-. 

0062 Economics. 

Architecture, light and heat in relation to. 

Menzel, C. A. Dingier 58 (1885) 177-. 
Chemistry and physics, applications to in- 
dustries (Paris Exhibition, 1855). Filhol,i. 

Toul. Mm. Ac. 1 (1857) 58-. 
Cold cellars, utilisation in certain industries. 

BUmdeau, C. Mon. Sc. 20 (1878) 955-. 
— , industrial applications. Fischer, H. Civing. 

88 (1892) 813-. 
Copper statue, 9 metres high, made electro- 

lytically. Bouilhet, H., db Christofle, — . 

[1870] St. P6t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 15 (1871) 819-. 
Drawings, reproduction, chronological account 

of various methods. Rouget de Lisle, — . 

Par. Bll. S. Encour. 43 (1844) 420-. 
Electric coal-mining plant, Pennsylvania. 

Gresley, W. S. I. CE. P. 131 (1898) 100-. 

— current, heat produced by, applications. 
H., D. Sav. S. H. Nt. Bll. 1 (1887) 17-. 

— energy, price. Grassi, G. Nap. I. Inc. At. 
11 (1898) No. 5, 6 pp. 

— industries, work of French engineers. 
Dumont, — . Bv. Sc. 11 (1899) 231-. 

— liffht. Secchi, A. N. Cim. 4 (1856) 321-. 

— lighting of mines. Bdddinghaus, J. 
Elekttech. Z. & (1884) 103-. 

— loom. Hipp, M. Bern Mt (1856) 89-. 

— mountain-railways. MidebxeUe, P. As. 
Fr. C. B. (1900) (Pt. 2) 297-. 

— railways in England. Shoolbred, J. N, As. 
Fr. C. B. (1894) (Pt. 2) 299-. 

— traction. MonmerquS, A. As. Fr. C. B. 
(1900) (Pt. 2) 386-. 

Electricity, applications. Kuhn, C. Dingier 

186 (1855) 1-, 81-. 161-. 
— , — . Dumas, J. B. Par. Bll. S. Encour. 57 

(1858) 285-. 
— , — . (Inaugural lecture.) Perot, A. Mars. 

Fac. Sc. A. 4 (1895) Fasc. 2, 10 pp. 
— , — to arts and manufactures. Despret, V. 

Brux. A. Un.^ (1856-57) 621-. 
— , — , recent * advances. Gavey, J. Card. 

Nt. S. T. 21 (1890) 97-. 
— , — , — industrial. Janet, P. As. Fr. C. B. 

(1898) (Pt. 1) 418-. 
— , International Exhibition. English Post 

Office exhibit. Preece, W. H. Lum. Elect. 

5 (•1881) 36-. 
^, . Separators for ores, etc. DuMoncel, 

T. Lum. Elect. 5 (^1881) 197-. 
— , progress, applications, etc. Delarive, A. 

L»I. 14 (1846) 25-, 49-, 57-. 
Electromagnetic loom. Maumeni, E, J. C. B. 

88 (1854) 42. 
Electrotherapeutics, progress. (L'H6pital de 

la Salp^tri^re, Paris.) Dieudonni, E. Lum. 

i^lect. 29 (1888) 551-. 
Energy distnbution by compressed air. Milane, 

F. Nap. I. Inc. At. 2 (1889) No. 5, 13 pp. 



36 



0070 Nomenclature 

Energy, aooroes. WMtmeU, C, T, Card. Nt. 

S. T. 16 (1885) 58-. 
Fuel, eoonomio use on scientific principles. 

Precha, J, J. HaarL Ntk. Vh. Mtsoh. 3 

(1806) 1-. 
Heat, loss by fomace-gases. Langhans, — . 

Z. Yr. Biibenzaokin. 39 (1889) 785-. 
— , — in sugar factories. Claasten, H. Z. 

Yr. Bubenzuckin. 48 (1893) 374-; 44 (1894) 

(Th. 2) 80-. 
High vacua, air pumps. Swinbumet <^* G. N. 

62 (1890) 183-. 
Illumination, comparison of various kinds in 

ordinary use. Preutt^ J. Gilbert A. 76 

(1824) 113-. 
— , economic aspect. Offret, J. Douai Mm. 

S Ag. 10 (1871) 129-. 

— by essential oils of coal, slate, etc. Buison- 
DumaurieTf — , d^ Bouerit — . C. R. 16 
(1843) 1164-. 

latty acids. Cambacirh, — . Dingier 

95 (1845) 33-. 
— , new system. Oattdin, A, C. B. 22 (1846) 

170-. 

— by resinous tree products. QmUemare^ A, 
C. R. 83 (1876) 600-. 

Lamp, new, description.* Rumford^ B. (Count). 

[1806] Par. Mm. de PI. (1807) (Sent, 1) 

223-. 
Platinum. AndreoH, E, Lum. l^lect. 42 (1891) 

162-. 
Silvering fluids. Wadsworth, F. L. 0. Z. 

Instk. 15 (1895) 22-. 
Sinking of shafts, congelation process. Le- 

breton, F. A. Mines 8 (1885) 111-. 
Siren and acoustic fly-wheel to indicate 

pressure of steam or compressed air. 

DoppUr, C. Wien SB. (1851| 206-. 
Telegraphic office, new central, of Lyons. 

Maureau, — . A. T61. 21 (1894) 289-. 
Theatre construction from optical point of 

view. SatLsmre, R, de. Bv. Sc. 52 (1893) 

353-, 393-. 
— , correct form. Blasema, P. Bm. B. Ac. 

Line. Bd. 4 (1895) (Sem. 1) 271-. 



0070 Nomenclature. 

Calorimetry, nomenclature and notation. 
Buchanan, J. Y. Nt. 58 (1898) 30. 

Capacity for heat of unit volume. Griffiths^ 
E. H. [1894] Nt. 51 (1894-95) 11-. 

Critical pressure, suggested definition. Jude, 
R. H. Nt. 60 (1899) 412-. 

Diffusivity. Thomson, (Sir) W. Par. S. Ps. 
S^. (1888) 236-. 

Electrical apparatus, proposed standard dia- 
grams. JanUeson, A. Elect. Bv. 42 (1898) 
871-. 

— definitions, nomenclature and notation. 
JamieBon, A. Tel. E. J. 14 (1885) 297-. 

, notation and symbols, unity. Hospi- 

taUer, ± [1884] Tel. E. J. 14 (1885) 
167-. 

— and mechanical units, nomenclature. 
Stroud, W, B. A. Bp. (1891) 577. 



Nomenclature 0070 

Electrical nomenclature. Clark, L. Elect. 15 

(1885) 60-. 
. Fleming, J. A., dt other i. Elect. 25 

(1890) 444-, et ieq. 
— terminology. Amadtuzi, L. Bv. Sc.-Ind. 

31 (1899) 233-. 
, reforms. Hotpitalier, E. Lum. Elect 

3 (•1881) 11-. 
Energy, systematic classification of various 

forms. Lodge, 0. J. Ph. Mg. 8 (1879) 

277-. 
Fixing meaning of certain physical expressions. 

Boltzmann, L. D. Nf. Vh. (1898) (Th 2, 

Hdl/U 1) 67-. 
** Force", misuse of word in attraction, elec- 
tricity, and magnetism. Stoney, G. J. B. 

A. Bp (1894) 586-. 
Ideas, words and symbols. Heaviside, 0, 

Elect. 15 (1885] 311-. 
' * Inductance ' ' ana ' * hindrance ' ' . Heaviside, O. 

Elect. 28 (1892) 235. 
Magnetic resistance, etc. Heaviside, 0. Elect. 

19 (1887) 143-, 182-. 
Magnetics and nomenclature. Evershed, S. 

Elect. 26 (1891) 554. 
Mathematical and physical quantities, uniform 

notation for. Winkler, E., db Keck, — . 

Hann. Archt.-Vr. Z. 30 (1884) 285-. 
"Potential*', Green's use of word. Becker, 

G. F. Am. J. Sc. 46 (1893) 151. 
Prefixes, new, proposed for physical unit magni- 
tudes. Htnufton, E. J., db Kennelly, A. E. 

Elect. 32 (1894) 667. 
Prisms, nomenclature. Jackson, E. Int. Md. 

Cg. T. (1887) (Vol. 3) 785-. 
— , — . Landolt, — . Int. Md. Cg. Vh. (1890i 

(Bd. 4, Ab. 10) 49-. 
Badiant energy, nomenclature. Newcomb, S. 

[1893] Nt. 49 (1893-94) 100. 
, — . Fitzgerald, G. F, [1893] Nt. 49 

(1893-94) 149. 
Besistance, use of term. Bosanquet, R. H. M. 

L. Ps. S. P. 9 (1888) 201- ; Ph. Mg. 25 (1888) 

419-. 
Besonance, name for. Lodge, 0. J. Nt. 44 

(1891) 248-. 
Bise and progress of nomenclature. Heaviside, 

O. Elect. 16 (1886) 227-, 271. 
Self-induction, names of unit. Lodge, O. J, Nt. 

40 (1889) 11. 
Symbols and abbreviations. Guillaume, C. i. 

Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 22 (1889) 438-. 
— for physical quantities. Jamieson, — . Elect. 

Bv. 35 (1894) 345. 
. Macfarlane, A. Elect. Bv. 35 

(1894) 547-. 
Systematic nomenclature. Fitzgerald, G. F., 
d: Trouton, F. T. [1893] Nt. 49 (1893-94) 

148-. 
"Tension" and "intensity," electric, use of 
terms. Harris, (Sir) W. S. (vn) Ph. Mg. 26 
(1863) 504-. 

and "quantity". Aryton, W. E. 

Tel. J. 1 (1872-73) 107-. 



37 



0090 Methods of Besearch, Instnunents and Apparatus 0090 



0090 Methods of Sesearch, In- 
struments and Apparatus. 

Acoustic laboratory and research, suggestions 

for. Boionquet, jR. H. M, Ph. Mg. 8 (1879) 

290-. 
Aluminium akid aluminium bronze for instru- 
ments. Bellieni, —. C. B. 50 (I860) 315-. 
— bronze for alcoholometers. Fritzsche^ C. J., cC' 

JacM, — . St. P6t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 7(1864) 370-. 
Amperemeter and other instruments. Kleiner ^ 

A. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 10 (1900) 445-. 
Barometric tap. RomiUy, F, de. Par. S. Ps. 

S^. (1888) 351-. 
Ck>ld silvering of glass. LumUre, A.t dt 

Lumitre, L. Par. S. Ps. S6. (1894) 264-. 
(yonstant pressure, apparatus for maintaining. 

Handl, A, [1878] Wien Ak. Sb. 78 (1879) 

(Ab. 2\ 896-. 
Electric neating in physical laboratory practice. 

NichoU, E. L. Ps. Bv. 1 (1894) 144-. 
Electricity as laboratory servant. Cole, A. D. 

Denison Un. Sc. Lb. Bll. 8 (Pt. 2) (1894) 

27-. 
— , statical, apparatus for study. BoudrSauXt 

— . Par. S. Ps. S6. (1891) 122-. 
Electrodes in glass vessels, new form. Heer- 

wagen, F. Z. Instk. 8 (1888) 287. 
Electrolysers with stationary and circulating 

electrolytes for laboratory use. Wehrlin, H, 

Z. Elektch. (1896-97) 450-. 
EUipsometer, new form. Jannettaz, — . C. B. 

115 (1892) 1021-. 
Exactitude in experimental sciences, methods, 

instruments, etc. Decharme, C, Amiens 

Ac. Mm. 39 (1892) 123- ; 40 (1893) 85- ; 41 

(1894) 41-. 
Floats to indicate density of strata in hetero- 
geneous liquids. i2a&tn, P. Par. S. Ps. S^. 

(1887) 239-. 
Free-piston-pump and mercurial compresser. 

Montrichard, {le marquU) — de. C. B. 67 

(1868) 1218- ; Les Mondes 18 (1868) 165-. 
Gflksometry, graduation of tubes used in. 

Berthelot, M. C. B. 105 (1887) 591-. 
Glass and porcelain, method of uniting metals 

to. CaUUtet,—. Par. S. Ps. S6. (1890) 242-. 
Heat, new apparatus for study of. Paqiulin^ 

—. Par. S. Ps. SL (1892) 163-. 
Hertz's experiments. Biemackij W. Prace 

Mt.-Fiz. 7 (1896) 144-. 
Iceland spar, cutting. Giordano ^ O. Nap. Bd. 

3 (1864) 305-. 
Indirect methods in physics. Deeharme, C, 

Lum. Elect. 37 (1890) 801-, 367-, 528-, 

575-, 667-. 
Instruments, etc., Paris, notes. Benzenherg, 

J. F. Gilbert A. 18 (1804) 372-. 
Integrating machine. Boys, C. V. L. Ps. S. 

P. 4 (1881) 199- ; Ph. Mg. 11 (1881) 342-. 
Lard and rosin mixture, lubricant for air 

pump pistons. OlfMted, D. Am. As. P. 

(1850) 33-. 
Level of liquid surface, measurement with 

submerged point, he Chatelier, H. C. B. 

87 (1878) 1024-. 



Light, experiments and apparatus. Meldep 

F. E. (xn) Z. Instk. 3 (1883) 388-. 
Mathematical and physi(^ instruments, old, 

description. Casati, G. Brescia At. Cm. 

(1886) 8-. 
Mercurial aspirator. Lallemand, A, [1868] 

Mntp. Mm. Ac. Sect. Sc. 7 (1867-71) 299-. 
Mercury, distillation in veicuo, apparatus for. 

Nehel, B. Z. Instk. 7 (1887) 175-. 
— , , . Dumtan,W.R.,db Dymandy 

T, S, L. Ps. S. P. 10 (1890) 348-; Ph. Mg. 

29 (1890) 367-. 
— , , purification by. Clark, J. W. Ph. 

Mg. 17 (1884) 24-. 
— , , . Kanten, B. Z. Instk. 8 

(1888) 135-. 
— , , still for. Smith, F. J. Ph. Mg. 

29 (1890) 501-. 
— , dropping glass. Heerwagen, F. Z. Instk. 

9 (1889) 28-. 

— pipette. Dvofhk, V. Z. Instk. 11 (1891) 
338. 

— pump, new form. Berlemoftty G., dt 
Jouard, — . C. B. 131 (1900) 110- ; Par. S. 
Ps. S6. (1900) 194-. 

— pumps, 2 new forms. Chabaud, V. Par. 
S. Ps. S6. (1897) 149-. 

— , pure, preparation. Bohn, C. Z. Instk. 7 

(1887)389-; 8(1888)76. 
Micrometer wires, metallic. Ward, R. H. Am. 

S. Mcr. P. (1886) 89-. 
Monochromatic violet screens. Gifford, J, W. 

[1894] Mcr. S. J. (1895) 145-. 
Parallelometer. Brashear, J, A, Am. As. P. 

(1886) 121. 
Philosophical instruments constructed in India. 

Campbell, John. Beng. As. S. J. 11 (1842) 

293-. 
Plotting curves by aid of photography. Gerard, 

E. Ph. Mg. 29 (1890) 180-. 
Prisms, testing. Burnett, S. M. Int. Md. Cg. 

Vh. (1890) (Bd. 4, Ab. 10) 52-. 
Quartz and other fibres. Boys, C. V. L. Ps. 

S. P. 9 (1888) 8-; Ph. Mg. 23 (1887) 

489— 

— fibres. Boys, C. V. B. I. P. 12 (1889) 
547- ; Nt. 42 (1890) 604- ; Elect. 38 (1897) 
205-. 

, attachment. Boys, C. V. L. Ps. S. 

P. 13 (1895) 68-; Ph. Mg. 37 (1894) 

463-. 
, their uses in laboratories. Anon. Gztg. 

Opt. 13 (1892) 165-. 

— stoppers for high pressure. Regnard, P. 
Par. S. Bl. Mm. 38 (1886) (C. R.) 9. 

, mounting. Regnard, P. Par. 

S. Bl. Mm. 39 (1887) (C. R.) 124-. 
Bock crystal for balance beams, thermometers 

and divided circles. Stein, S. Berl. B. 9 

(1876) 1824-. 

and natural or artificial obsidian, small 

mirrors of. Stein, S. Bonn Niedr. Gs. Sb. 

(1877) 179-. 

stopcock. Stein, S. Bonn Niedr. Gs. 

Sb. (1876) 113-. 
Bdntgen rays, technique. Albers-Schihiberg, 

— . Fschr. Bdntgenstr. 8 (1899-1900) 30-, 

122. 






• • 



• • • ' 



• • 






38 



0100 



General Molecular Physics, (kneral 



0100 



Siphon applied to efflax of gases. Martini, T. 

(xn) Rv. Sc.-Ind. 13 (1881) 225-. 
— (Bfartini). Marangoni, C. 

(xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 13 (1881) 227. 
Solder, hard, for brass. Schtoirkus, R. Z. 

Insik. 14 (1894) 225-. 
Standard dimensions for instraments. Bra- 

thear, J, A. Am. As. P. (1887) 61-. 
Standards for apparatus, Smitnsonian. Lang- 
ley, S. P. Nt. 45 (1892) 197. 
Steam gauge, new. Bremer, — . Utr. Fry, 

Gn. Aant. (1886) 7-. 
Tapsand stopcocks, glass. Kahlbaum, G. W.A, 

Z. Instk. 14 (1894) 21-. 
Thermohypsometer, nse in chemical and 

physical inyestigations. PoM, J. J, Wien 

SB. 26 (1857) 229-. 
Threads, very fine, properties and uses. Boy$, 

C. V. L. Ps. S. P. 9(1888) 8-; Ph. Mg. 23 

(1887) 489-. 
Yacaom joints and taps. ShensUme, W, A, 

Elect. 25 (1890) 58^-. 
-— , Torricellian, use. Loesche, (Dr.) — . 

Dresden Sb. Isis (1868) 47-. 
Vibration of earth, protection of apparatus 

from. Broca, A. As. Fr. C. B. (1897) 

IPt. 2) 260-. 
Vibrationless support. Julius, W. H, [1895-97] 

Amst. Ak. Vs. 4 (1896) 31-; A. Ps. C. 56 

(1895) 151- ; Z. Instk. 16 (1896) 267-; J. de 

Ps. 6 (1897) 18-. 

GENERAL MOLEGULAK 
PHYSICS. 

0100 General. 

WiUschel, B. von. Schldmilch Z. 3 (1858) 29-. 
NarUm, W, A, Am. J. Sc. 38 (1864) 61-, 

207- ; 39 (1865) 237-; 40 (1865) 61-; 41 

(1866) 61-. 196-. 
Wtttwer, W, C. Z. Mth. Ps. 11 (1866) 177- ; 

13 (1868) 211- ; 15 (1870) 92-. 
Bo$9eha, J. Les Mondes 26 (1871) 337-. 
Zenger, K. V, Prag Sb. (1881) 408-. 
Action, physical and chemical, uniform 

dynamic method of treating. Lindemann, 

F. Konigsb. Schr. 29 (1889) (Ab.) 31-. 
Analytic researches on various subjects. 

Fonkina, O, Verona S. It. Mm. 3 (1786) 

498-. 
Atoms, magnitudes smaller than. Zeeman, P. 

Ps. Z. 1 (1900) 562-, 575-. 
Attraction, molecular, and chemical energy. 

Dupr€,A„d^Duprif,P. C. B. 66 (1868) 141-. 
— and repulsion in electricity, magnetism and 

gravitation. Pold, G, F, Bresl. Schl. Gs. 

Obs. (1843) 85-. 
*— — — without electricity, phenomena. 

Dettaignes, J. P. J. de Ps. 83 (1816) 5-. 
— , — , Dessaignes's. Buhland, 

R. L. Schweigger J. 20 (1817) 82-. 
. laws. Jeffreys, J. Beng. J. As. 8. 

2 (1833) 441-, 506-. 
, molecular, as effects of rotation of 

atoms. Hdu$8ler,A, Exner Bpm. 24 (1888) 

179-, 909-. 



Ck>rpuscles in physical phenomena, part played 
by. Thomson, J. J, Nt. 62 (1900) 31-. 

Corpuscular forces, action. Anon, (vi 1062) 
QJ. Sc. (1827) (Pt. 2) 448-. 

Cosmical forces, theory based on movements of 
ponderable matter only ; non-existence of 
imponderable matter. Monoyer, F. Lyon 
S. Sc. Md. Mm. 21 (1882) 59-. 

— and molecular physics. Norton, W. A, 
Am. J. Sc. 3 (1872) 327-, 440- ; 4 (1872) 
8-. 

, principles. Norton, W. A. Am. 

J. So. 49 (1870) 24-. 

— physics. Fritz, H. (xn) Ziir. Nf. Gs. Njbl. 
(1875) 28 pp. 

, new theories. Tomaszewski, F, Eosmos 

(Lw.) 9 (1884) 283-. 
, significance of experiments on currents. 

Gunther, S, Humb. 6 (1887) 289-, 829-. 
Dilatancy of media composed of rigid particles 

in contact. Reynolds, 0. Ph. Mg. 20 (1885) 

469-. 
— , a property of granular material. Reynolds, 

0. [1886] B. I. P. 11 (1887) 354-. 
Electrodynamic theory of universe, Zenger's. 

Heen, P. de. Brux. Ac. Bll. 32 (1896) 

717-. 
Electromagnetic fluid system, hypotheses of 

physics and celestial mechanics aocordins 

to. Scarpellini, C. Bm. Cor. Sc. 5 (1859) 

253-. 
Energetics. Gruner, P. Bern Mt. (1897) 

97-. 
— . Nfatter and energy, new views. Gruner, 

P. Bern Mt. (1897) 25-. 
— , principles. Glennie, J. S. S, Ph. Mg. 21 

(1861) 274-, 350-; 22 (1861) 62-. 
Energies, luminous, chemical and cosmical. 

Chase, P. E. [1880] Am. Ph. S. P. 19 

(1882) 21-. 
Energy. Zakrzewski, J. Kosmos (Lw.) 20 

(1895) 13-. 
— , dissipation of, relation to cosmic evolu- 
tion. Walling, H. F. Am. As. P. 22 (1878) 

46-. 

— as a fundamental idea. Carter, E, T. 
Elect. Bv. 32 (1893) 646-. 

— , pressure, etc., equations. Herran, A, 

As. Fr. C. B. (1899) {Pt. 1) 232-. 
Fluid condition, nature. Braun, F. D. Nf. 

Vh. (1896) (Th, 2, HdlfU 1) 62. 
Forces, mutual. Berthot, P. Par. Ing. Civ. 

Mm. (1885) (Pt. 2) 588-. 
Glass, permeability to gases. Bartoli, A. Gz. 

C. It. 14 (1885) 544-. 
Gravitation, electrical theory. Franklin, W, 8, 

Science 12 (1900) 887-. 

— and inertia. Fessenden, R. A. Science 12 
(1900) 325-. 

— , nature and velocity, determination. Fes- 
senden, R. A. Science 12 (1900) 740-. 

— , Newton's law, and the law of attraction. 
Anderssohti, A. {sen.) Mt. Ostld. 5 (1892) 
71-. 

Gravity and cohesion. Thomson, {Sir) W. Edinb. 
B. S. P. 4 (1862) 604-. 

Inertia as possible manifestation of the ether. 
Barus, C. Science 8 (1898) 681-. 



39 



<D100 



Oeneral Holeenlar Physics 



0150 



Inverse square, law, extension to molecolar 
physics. Benon des CMnes^ — . (xn) M&oon 
S. C. B. (1826) 94-. 

liow temperature effects. Pictet, R. Sch. Nf . 
Gs. Vh. (1892) 46-. 64-. 

— temperatures, influence on chemical, 
physical and biological processes. Pictett R. 
D. N£. Vh. (1893) (Th. 2, HfOfte 1) 66-. 

Matter, constitution. Heen^ P. de. Brux. Ac. 

Bll. 24 (1892) 670-. 
Mechanical theory of physics. Olenniet J. S. S, 

B. A. Bp. (1869) (t>t. 2) 68- ; Ph. Mg. 21 

(1861) 41-. 
Medium of constant elasticity, mutual action 

of bodies surrounded by. Umov, N. A. 

[1878] (xn) Bee. Mth. (Moscou) 9 (1878- 

81) UH. 1) 7S-. 
Molecular action. Seguin^ — (a\n£), C. B. 

29 (1849) 426-. 
, conditions. Ransome^ A. Ph. Mg. 88 

(1867) 860-. 
, effective, force. NtrrUm, W. A, [1878] 

Am. J. Sc. 17 (1879) 346-, 433-. 
, theory. Mossotti, 0. F, Taylor Sc. 

Mm. 1 (1837) 448-. 
, — . Coiyper, P. (vi Adds.) Ph. Mg. 10 

(1837) 866-. 
, — (Mossotti's). Exley.T, Ph. Mg. 11 

(1837) 496-. 
, — ( — ). Fusinierit A. A. Sc. Lomb. 

Ven. 7 (1837) 169-. 
, — (--)• E., R. L. Ph. Mg. 19 (1841) 

884-. 
, — (—). KeUand.P, (yi Adds.) Ph. 

Mg. 20 (1842) 8-. 
, — , according to Newton's law. Kelland, 

P. Ph. Mg. 21 (1842) 124-, 202-, 263-, 

844-, 422-; 22 (1848) 116-, 194-. 
, — , . EamshaWf S. (vi 

Adds.) Ph. Mg. 21 (1842) 340-, 437-. 

— cohesion and distances. West^ G. G. B. 
78 (1874) 1279-. 

— force, laws. Sutherland, W. [1892] L. Ps. 
S. P. 12 (1894) 30- ; Ph. Mg. 36 (1893) 211-. 

— forces and elasticity of molecules. Galitzitif 
B. St. P6t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 3 (1896) 1-. 

— mechanics, problems. Pwla^ O. Mod. 
Mm. S. It. 21 (1836) 166-. 

— motion. Schacht, O. F, [1868] Phm. J. 18 
(1869) 376-. 

— physics, fundamental principles. Norton, 
W. A. Am. J. So. 46 (1868) 167-. 

, . Bayma, J. Ph. Mg. 37 (1869) 

182-, 276-, 348-, 431-. 
, recent work. Fessenden, R. A. Franklin 

I. J. 142 (1896} 187-. 
Movements in the universe, course. MUUer, 

J. J. Ziir. Vjschr. 20 (1876) 312-. 
Natural bodies in spcuse, new orientation. 

Zaliwski, —. C. B. 72 (1871) 447-, 606-, 

631-. 

— mechanism, elements. Oenhart, — . (vi 
Adds.) At. S. Elvet. (1833) 36-. 

Nature, fundamental laws. Fabian, 0. (xn) 
Kosmos (Lw.) 4 (1879) 161-, 269-, 377-. 

Phenomena, physical basis. Bates, H. H. 
Smiths. Misc. Col. 33 (1888) Art. 2, 40-. 
(Wash. Ph. S. Bll. 7 (1886).) 



Phenomena, physical and chemical, theory. 

Saussure, R. de. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 26 (1891) 

106-, 170-. 
— , — , unification. Rdntgen, — . Cztg. Opt. 

8 (1887) 61-, 62-, 77-. 
Porosity of bodies, recognisable with the micro- 
scope. Keher, F, (vi Adds.) D. Nf. Yam. B. 

88 (1867) 207-. 
Pressure, influence on various physical pheno- 
mena. RUntgen, W. C. A. Ps. C. 46 (1892) 

98-. 
Problems of physical chemistry. Ostwald, W. 

Humb. 6 (1887] 249-. 
Properties of booies, general. BeUaviHs, G. 

Tortolini A. 1 (1860) 464-. 
, physical and chemical, mechanical 

interpretation. Ledieu, A. C. H. C. B. 78 

(1874) 1346-, 1398-. 
— , — , relations between. Fritz, H. 

Ziir. Vjschr. 33 (1888) 66- ; 86 (1891) 47-. 
Bepulsive force in physics. Faye, H, A, E. 

C. B. 64 (1862) 626-. 
Botatory motion, theory, application to the 

imponderables. Seeehi, A. Bm. At. 11 

(1867-^8) 186-. 
Solution, physical or chemical nature. 

Atkinson, R. W. Card. Nt. S. T. 20 (1889) 

114-. 
Wave theory of gaseous media. Bdcklund, 

A. V. Mth. A. 34 (1889) 871-. 



0150 Estimates and Calculations 
of Molecular Magnitudes. 

Atoms, chemical, approximate mass. Stoney, 

G. J. B. A. Bp. (1886) 987-. 
— , volume. Le Royer, A. J. de Ps. 92 

(1821) 408-. 
— , — . . Thomson, (Sir) W. [1883] B. I. P. 

10 (1884) 185-. 
— , — and density, and cathode and Bdntgen 

rays. Guglielmo, G. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 

8 (1899) (Sm. 1) 378-. 
— , volumes, relative. W&chter, F. Wien 

Ak. Sb. 77 (1878) (Ab. 2) 729-. 
Liquid films, electrical resistance, with re- 
vision of Newton's table of colours. Reinold, 

A.W.,db RUcker, A. W. [1881] Phil. Trans. 

172 (1882) 447-. 
: , limiting thickness. Reinold, A. W,, 

db Riicker, A. W. [1883] PhU. Trans. 174 

(1884) 646-. 
and molecular magnitudes. Reinold, A, 

W., dk Rilcker, A. W. Nt. 28 (1888) 889-. 
, thickness of black spot. Johonnott, E. S. 

(jun.) Ph. Mg. 47 (1899) 601-. 
Low temperature effects. Pictet, R. Sch. 

Nf. Gs. Vh. (1892^ 46-, 64-. 
Molecular action in liquidis, determination of 

radius. Heen, P. de. Brux. Ac. BU. 23 

(1892) 236-. 
— attraction. Estocquois, T. Fr. Cg. Sc. 17 

(1860) 403-. 

. Brown, F. D, Ph. Mg. 12 (1881) 268-. 

. Bickerton, — . Aust. As. Bp. (1891) 

117. 



40 



0150 



Estimates of Moleonlax Magnitades 



0200 



Molecular attraction, fonnula for law. WadUt 
J. D. van der. Amat. Ak. Vs. [2] (1894) 20-. 

— force of adhesion, radios of action. MilUet' 
Erzbach, W. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1885) 8-, 
29- ; Exner Bpm. 21 (1885) 542-. 

— forces and elasticity of molecules. GcUitzin, 

B. St. P6t. Ac. Sc. BU. 3 (1895) 1-. 
, radius of action. Drude^ P. A. Ps. C. 

43 (1891) 158-. 

, . RiUktr, A. W. A. Ps. C. 

44 (1891) 778-. 

, . MUUer-Erzhach, W, A. Ps. 

C. 67 (1899) 899- ; Wien Ak. Sb. 109 (1900) 
(Ah, 2a) 9-. 

, , and thickness of transition 

layers. C^vncke, G. A. Ps. 2 (1900) 414-. 

— — in simple substances, thermodynamic 
investigation. Weinberg^ J. Mosc. S. Nt. 
Bll. 5 (1892) 277-; 7 (1894) 106- ; 9 (1896) 
149-. 

— phenomena, application of mechanical 
equivalent of heat. Weinberg^ J, A. Ps. 

C. ErgHnz. 6 (1874) 586-; 7 (1876) 312-. 
Molecule, mean free path. Hodge* , N. D, C. 

Am. J. Sc. 19 (1880) 22^. 

Molecules of air, ma^itude. Loschmidt, J. 
[1865] Wien Sb. 52 (1866) (Ah. 2) 395-. 

— , determination of absolute weight, and de- 
scription of new calorimeter. Gerstmann^ H. 

D. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1899) 194-. 

— , distance apart in water. Herwig^ H, A. 

Ps. C. 4 (1878) 465-. 
— , gaseous, magnitude. DorUf E. A. Ps. C. 

13 (1881) 378-. 
— , — , nature. Boltzmann, L. [1876] Wien 

Ak. Sb. 74 (1877) (Ah. 2) 553-. 
— , magnitude. Hoaget^ N, D, C. Am. J. Sc. 

18 (1879) 135-. 
— , — . Heen, P, J. F. de, (xn) Brux S. 

Sc. A. 4 (1880) (Pt, 1) 84- ; 5 (1881) (Pt. 1) 

84-. 
— , — . RHnold, A, W. B. A. Bp. (1885) 

986-. 
— , — . Jager, G. Mh. Mth. Ps. 3 (1892) 

235-; Wien Ak. Sb. 108 (1899) (Ah, 2a) 

54-. 
— , — , absolute. LeptiuSy B. Frkf . a. M. Ps. 

Vr. Jbr. (1890-91) 27-. 
— , — calculated from conductivity of saline 

solutions. JHgeff G. Wien Ak. Sb. 96 

(1888) (Ah. 2) 614- ; Mh. C. (1887) 498-. 
— , — , comparative. NorUm^ W. A. Am. As. 

P. (1880) 222-. 
— , — , and electromotive forces of thin 

metallic layers. Oherheck^ A. A. Ps. 0. 31 

(1887) 837-. 
— , — , — latent heat of evaporation. HouUe- 

vigue, L. J. de Ps. 5 (1896) 159-. 
— , — , method of determining (by refraction 

equivalents). Exner, F. Exner Bpm. 21 

(1885) d4»-; Wien Ak. Sb. 91 (1885) (^6. 2) 

850-; Mh. C. (1885) 249-. 
— , — , . Jiiger, G. Wien Ak. Sb. 

100 (1891) (Ah. 2a) 1238-. 
— , — , and their relative distances. ClauHtu, 

jR. Lam. itUect. 17 (1885) 241-. 
— , moments of inertia. Hinriehtt G. 0. B. 

76 (1873) 1592-. 



Molecules, number in 1 milligram. Lorenz, L. 

Kjob. Ov. (1870) 40-. 
— , unit volume. Dupri, A. C. B. 62 

(1866) 39-. 
— , secondary, radius. LangloU, M. As. Fr. 

C. B. (1887) (Pt. 2) 331-. 
Oil film, limiting thickness. Sohncke, L. 

Mdnch. Ak. Sb. 20 (1891) 93-. 
— films, thickness. Riintgen, W. C. A. Ps. 

0. 41 (1890) 321-. 
Volume of body and volume occupied by its 

molecules, relation. Volpicellit P. C. B. 66 

(1868) 912-. 



0200 The Molecular Theory of 
Gktses and Liquids (General 
Mathematical Theories). 

Handh A. Wien Ak. Sb. 56 (1867) (Ah. 2) 

569-; 65 (1872) (^6.2)377-; 66 (1872) (^6. 

2) 136- ; 70 (1874) (Ah. 2) 505- ; 72 (1876) 

(Ah. 2) 102-. 
Action, molecular, of liquids. Mack, E. Wien 

SB. 46 (Ah. 2) (1863) 125-. 
— , reciprocal, of 2 molecules. Boiutineiqt J. 

C. B. 65 (1867) 44-. 
Actions, molecular, in gases. Serrano y 

Fatigati, E. Madrid S. H. Nt. A. (Act.) 

8 (1879) 42-. 
Aggi^gation, fourth state. FaHan, 0. (xn) Erk. 

Ak. (Mt.-Prz.) Bz. A Sp. 8 (1881) 231-, 

LVI-; Kosmos (Lw.) 9 (1884) 82-. 
Atomic and molecular motions. Langlois, M. 

C. B. 99 (1884) 780-. 
, new theory. Langlois, M. As. 

Pr. C. B. (1884) (Pt. 2) 126-. 

— motion. Laurent, P. A. C. B. 21 (1845) 
438-. 

. LangloU, M. Les Mondes 5 (1883) 

294-, 466-; 6 (1883) 189-, 423-; As. Fr. 

C. B. (1887) (Pt. 2) 235-; (1888) (Pt. 2) 

159-, 197- 
in gases. Fabian, O. (xn) Kosmos (Lw.) 

6 (1881) 2-. 

— motions which probably originate radia- 
tions. Eddy, H. T. Science 2 ('1883) 
76-, 123-. 

— vibration, internal molecular energy. Eddy, 
H. T. Science 1 (•1883) 421. 

Atoms and gas theory. Grosse, W. Gztg. Opt. 

12 (1891) 85-. 
— , number in gas molecules, etc. BoUzmann, 

L. Wien Sb. 56 (1867) (Ah. 2) 682-. 
— , reciprocal attraction, and motion in gas 

molecules. Natanson, E., dt Natanson, W. 

(xn) Krk. Ak. (Ut.^Prz.) Pam. 8 (1883) 

43-. 
Attraction amongst gas molecules, law. 

Sutherland, W. Ph. Mg. 22 (1886) 81-. 
— , molecular. Girard, P. S. Par. S. Phlm. 

Bll. 2 (1811) 213-. 
— , — , between chemically inert gases; dis- 
sociation. Garreau, L. Lille S. Mm. 15 

(1888) 153-. 



41 



0200 



Kolecnlar Theories of Oases and Liquids 



0200 



Attraction, moleoolar, law. Bohl^ P. A. Pb. 

C. 36 (1889) 334-. 
— , — , nature. Bardskii, M. (xn) Rs. Ps.-C. 

S. J. 16 (P«., Pt. 1) (1883) 208-, 223-. 
— , — , —. Sokolov, A. P. Rs. Pb.-C. S. J. 

16 (P«.) (1884) 248-. 
— , — , — . Bardsk^j, M, Rs. Ps.-O. S. J. 

16 (P«.) (1884) 497-. 
— , — , in slightly compressed gases. Reinganumj 

M, Arch. N^erl. 6 (1900) 674-. 

— of spheres and repulsion of elastic fluids. 
La Place, P. S. {marquis) de. A. C. 18 (1821) 
181-. 

unlike molecules. Sutherland, W, Ph. 

Mg. 38 (1894) 1-, 188-. 
Avogadro's law, assumptions required to prove. 

BolUmann, L. Ph. Mg. 23 (1887) 306- ; 

Wien Ak. Sb. 94 (1887) (Ah. 2) 613-. 
, . Tail, — . Ph. Mg. 23 

(1887) 433-. 
, elementary proof. Kreb$, G. A. Ps. C. 

22 (1884) 296-. 
, and molecules. Herran, — . As. Fr. C. 

R. (1900) {Pt. 1) 163-. 
Comfuexity of gaseous molecules. Brillouin, M. 

C. R. 112 (1891) 676-. 
Compressibility of gases, theoretical law. 

Heen, P. de, Brux. Ac. Bll. 14 (1887) 

46-. 
Constants, molecular (path density and path 

mass). Guthrie, Fred. Ph. Mg. 16 (1883) 

321-. 
— , — (liquid slabs). Guthrie, Fred, L. Ps. 

S. P. 6 (1884) 337-; Ph. Mg. 16 (1883) 

825-. 
Constitution of gases. Joule, J, P. B. A. Rp. 

(1848) {pt. 2) 21-; Manch. Ph. S. Mm. 9 

(1851) 107- ; Ph. Mg. 14 (1867) 211-. 
, internal. Hansemann, G. A. Ps. C. 

144 (1872) 82-. 
, mechanical. Prevost, P. A. C. 38 

(1828) 41-. 
, — . Dirk$m,E.H. Berl. Ab. (1830) 

1-. 
, molecular. JochvMinn, E. Pogg. A. 

108 (1869) 163-. 
, — . Jimenez Rueda, C. Fschr. Mth. 

(1893-94) 1546-. 
, physical. Bitter, t. [1846] Gen. 

Mm. S. Ps. 11 (1846) 99-. 
liquids, and so-OBklled molecular motions. 

Wiener, C. Pogg. A. 118 (1863) 79-. 
, physical. Cantoni, G. Rm. R Ac. 

Line. Rd. 4 (1888) {Sem. 2) 246- ; 6 (1889) 

(Sem. 2) 177-. 
mixed gases, Dalton's theory, gas in 

water. Gilbert, L. W. Gilbert A. 21 (1806) 

377-. 
— , molecular, dynamical evidence. Maxwell, 

J. C. C. 8. J. 13 (1876) 493-. 
— . -, . • Nichols, R. C. Nt. 11 (1876) 

486-. 
— , — ; and new theory of perfect gases. 

Boussinesq, J. Liouv. J. Mth. 18 (1873) 306-. 

— of water, molecular. Royer, (Mme.) C. 
As. Fr. C. R. (1889) {Pt. 2) 287-. 

, — . Sutherland, W. Ph. Mg. 60 



Currents, continued, in fluids. Rainey, G. 

St. Thom. Hosp. Rp. 1 (1870) 89- ; 2 (1871) 

67-; 3 (1873) 199-. 
Density of liquids and saturated vapours as 

function of temperature. Lungo, C. del. 

Rm. R. Ac. Line. Rd. 7 (1898) (Sem. 1) 

363-. 
Diffusion of ions into gases. Townsend, J, S^ 

[1899] Phil. Trans. (A) 193 (1900) 129-. 
produced by radio-active suDstancea 

and point discharges. Townsend, J, S. [1900} 

Phil. Trans. (A) 195 (1901) 269-. 
— and the kinetic theory. Loschmidt, J. 

Wien Ak. Sb. 61 (1870) (Ab. 2) 367-; 62: 

(1870) {Ab. 2) 468-. 

(Loschmidt). Maxwell, J, C. 

Nt. 8 (1873) 298-. 
Dilute solutions, molecular theory. Larentz^ 

H. A. Arch. N6erl. 26 (1892) 107-. 
Dissipation function, and kinetic energy of 

heat motion. Naianson, W. [1894] Krk. 

Ak. {Mt.'Prz.) Rz. 7 (1896) 273-; Ph. Mg. 

39 (1896) 601-. 
, kinetic interpretation. Natanson, W, 

[1893] C. R. 117 (1893) 639-; Krk. Ak. 

{Mt.'Prz.) Rz. 9 (1896) 171- ; Crc. Ac. Sc. 

Bll. (1893) 348-. 
Dissociation of gases and deviation from Boyle- 
Charles law, caJculation. Boltzmann, L. 

Wien Ak. Sb. 106 (1896) {Ab. 2a) 696-. 
Doppler's principle applied to luminous gas 

molecules. Ebert, H. A. Ps. C. 36 (1889) 

466- ; Erlang. Ps. Md. S. Sb. 21 (1890) 7-. 
Dynamical theory of gases. Maxwell, J. C. 

B. A. Rp. (1859) {pt. 2) 9 ; Ph. Mg. 19 (1860) 

19-. 

. ClauHus, R. Ph. Mg. 19 (1860) 434-. 

. MaxweU, J. C. Ph. Mg. 20 

(1860) 21-. 
. Newcomb, S. Am. Ac. P. 5 

(1860-62) 112-. 
. MaxweU, J. C. [1866] Phil. Trans. 

167 (1867) 49-. 
. Lang, V. von. Wien Sb. 64 

(1871) {Ab. 2) 485-; 66 (1872) {Ab. 2) 415-. 
. VioUe, J. J. de Ps. 6 (1877) 73-, 

176-. 
. Stanhewitsch, B. W. A. Ps. 0. 

29 (1886) 163-. 
, elementary proof of fundamental 

equation. PfaundXer, L. Wien Sb. 63 (1871) 

{Ab. 2) 169-. 
, Maxwell's, evaluation of integrals 



( 



law of force 



-5)- 



Czermdk, P. Wien 



(1900) 460-. 



Ak. Sb. 89 (1884) {Ab. 2) 723-. 
— — — — , — , further approximations. 

Benndorf, H. Wien Ak. Sb. 106 (1896) 

{Ab. 2a) 646-. 
Dynamics, molecular, of Rases, water, ioe and 

rock crystal. Kelvin, {Lord). B. A. Rp. 

(1896) 721-. 
Energies, translational and vibrational, of 

vibrators. Kelvin, {Lord). Nt. 62 (1896) 583. 
Energy, internal, in gases at constant tempera- 
ture. Moutier, J. (x) Pbr. S. Phlm. Bll. 10 

(1873) 18-. 



42 



0200 



Molecnlar Theories of Gases and Liquids 



0200 



Energy, kinetic, of mass of air. Donnini, P. 

N. Cim. 13 CISSS) 229-. 
— , — molecular, measorement on absolute scale. 

Liveing, O. D. Camb. Ph. S. P. 5 (1886) 316-. 
— , mechanical, of molecules of gases. Gore^ G. 

Ph. Mg 37 (1894) 340, 508. 
— , molecular, of giues. Comeliug^ H. Z. Ps. 

C. 11 (1893) 403-. 
— , — , . Lodge, 0. J, Ph. Mg. 37 (1894) 

419-, 607. 

— of moving gas. Kurz, A. A. Ps. C. 141 
(1870) 159-. 

Equation, characteristic, of van der Waals. 

Kraevii, K. Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 19 (P«.) (1887) 

1- ; J. de Ps. 7 (1888) 271. 
— , — , . WaalSy J, D. van der, 

Amst. Ak. Vs. 5 (1897) 150- ; Fschr. Ps. 

(1896) {Ah. 2) 199-. 
— , — , — . Boltzmann, L. Amst. 

Ak. Vs. 7 (1899) 477-; Amst. Ak. P. 1 (1899) 

39S-. 
— , — , (Boltzmann). WaaU, J, D. 

van der. Amst. Ak. Vs. 7 (1899) 537- ; Amst. 

Ak. P. 1 (1899) 468-. 
— , isothermal , dynamical illustration . Natan- 

son, L. Ph. Mg. 33 (1892) 301-. 
— , — , of van der Waals. Korteweg, D. J, 

Nt. 46 (1892) 152-, 277. 

— for metals analogous to that for gases. 
Boggio-Leray E, Rm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 2 
(1893) {Sem, 1) 569-. 

— of van der Wakls, constant h. Guye, P. A. 
Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 23 (1890) 197-. 

, . Boltzmann , — , db Mache, 

— . Camb. Ph. S. T. 18 (1900) 91-. 

Equilibrium of fluids, theory of molecular action 
applied to. Plana, G. [1861] Tor. Mm. Ac. 
14 (1854) 1-. 

— — gas under gravitation. Petrini, H, 
Stockh. dfv. (1892) 669-; Fschr. Mth. (1892) 
1117-. 

perfect gas. Gromeka, I. S, Kazan S. 

Nt. (Ps.-Mth.) P. 6 (1887) 66-. 
Expansion of liquids, on molecular theory. 

Hem, P. de. Brux. Ac. BU. 18 (1889) 208-. 
Flow of gases, maximum expansion velocity. 

Him, G.A. A. C. 7 (1886) 289-. 
, . Hugoniot, — . C. E. 102 

(1886) 1645- ; A. C. 9 (1886) 375-. 
, (Hugoniot). Htm, G. A, 

C. B. 103 (1886) 109-. 
, (Him). Parenty, — . C. 

B. 103 (1886) 125-. 
, . Hugoniot, — . J. de Ps. 6 

(1887) 79-. 

, (Him). Sandrucci, A . Bm. 

B. Ac. Line. Bd. 2 (1893) {Sem. 2) 209-. 
Fluidity, general theory. Onnes, H, Kamer- 

lingh. Amst. Ak. Vh. 21 (1881) {No. 4) 

24 + 14 + 9 pp.; Aroh. Nterl. 30 (1897) 101-. 
— , physical explanation. Boussinetq, J. C. 

B. 112 (1891) 1099-. 
— , thermodynamieal theory. Stan kievntsch, B, 

Fschr. Ps. (1891) {Ah. 2} 253-. 
Forces between gas molecules. Jfiger, G. 

Wien Ak. Sb. 101 (1892) (Ah. 2a) 1620-. 
— in liquids. Kirehhoff, G. Berl. Mb. (1869) 

881-. 



Forces, molecular. Fucks, K. Exner Bpm. 27 

(1891) 721-. 
— , — , action. Miiller-Erzhach, W. Wien 

Ak. Sb. 109 (1900) {Ah. 2a) 9-. 
— , ~, in fluid motion. KUitz, — . C. B. 63 

(1866) 988-. 
— , — , law. Boltzmann, L. Wien Sb. 66 

(1872) {Ah. 2) 218-. 
— , — , — . Sutherland, W. Ph. Mg. 24 (1887) 

113-, 168- ; 27 (1889) 305- ; L. Ps. S. P. 12 

(1894)30-; Ph. Mg. 35 (1893) 211- ; 36(1893) 

150- ; 39 (1896) 1-. 
— , — , — . Petnni, H. A. Ps. 3 (1900) 749-. 
— , — , radius of, and boiling point. Hall, T. P. 

Science 21 (1893) 145. 

— on molecules in unlimited liquid medium. 
v., L. (xn) Ts. Mth. 3 (1867) 113-. 

Gaseous state, dimensional properties of matter 

in. Reynolds, O. [1879] Phil. Trans. 170 

(1880) 727-. 
, (Reynolds). Fitzgerald, 

G. F. Ph. Mg. 11 (1881) 103-. 
, (Fitzgerald) . Reynolds, 0. 

Ph. Mg. 11 (1881) 335-. 

— — , laws, dynamical deduction. Ferrini, 
R. E. D. T. (xn) Rv. Sc.-Ind. 8 (1876) 
89-. 

, matter in, and dilute solutions, analogy 

between. Nasini, R. Oz. C. It. 20 (1891) 
190-. 

— substances, theorem. GosiewsH, W. Par. 

T. Nauk Sc. Pam. R (•1876) Art. 1, 7 pp. ; 

Bll. Sc. Mth. As. 1 ('1877) (Pt. 2) 223. 
Heat, communication, surface forces caused by. 

Reynolds, 0. Ph. Mg. 48 (1874) 389-. 
— , — between sur^use and gas, force caused by. 

Reynolds, O. [1876] Phil. Trans. 166 (1877) 

725-. 

— of dilution, mechanical explanation. Turn- 
lirz, 0. Wien Ak. Sb. 108 (1899) (Ah. 2a) 
323-. 

— , gases and gravitation, laws and phenomena. 

Herapath, J. Thomson A. Ph. 1 (1821) 273-, 

340-, 401-. 
— , , (Herapath). Tredgold, 

T. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 58 (1821) 130-, 260-. 

— and sound, dynamics of system of particles 
as bearing on. Kelland, P. [1836] Camb. 
Ph. S. T. 6 (1838) 235-. 

Impact of compressible bodies and theory of 
pressure. Moon, R. R. S. P. 16 (1868) 
411-. 

Impacts of molecules, laws. CelUrier, — . 
Liouv. J. Mth. 7 (1891) 109-. 

— , number. Waals, J. D. van der. 

Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 10 (1876) 321- ; Arch. 
N6erl. 12 (1877) 201-. 

Irreversible processes, certain supposed. Bur- 
bury, S. H. Ph. Mg. 49 (1900) 475-. 

Kinetic Theory of Gases. 

Rohida, K. Z. Mth. Ps. 9 (1864) 218-. 
Loschmidt, J. Wien Sb. 64 (1866) {Ah. 2) 

646-. 
Meyer, 0. E. D. Nf. Tbl. (^1874) 173-. 
SaalschiUz, L. [1878] Ednigsb. Schr. 19 (1879) 

(Sh.) 45-. 



43 



0200 



Kinetic Theory of Oases 



0200 



Ledieu, A. C, H, C. R. 94 (1882) 691-. 
Eddy, H, T. V. Nost. Eng. Mg. 28 (1883) 

123-, 254-. 
Brovm, C. Nt. 32 (1885) 533. 
LivHng, G. D. Nt. 32 (1886) 533-. 
Pirogav, N. N, Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 17 (P».) 

(1885) 114-, 281- ; Fschr. Ps. (1886) (Ah, 2) 

237-. 
Stankevii, B, V. Mosc. Un. Mm. (Ps.-Mth.) 6 

(1885) 79-. 
Ostwald, W, Z. Ps. C. 2 (1888) 81-, 342. 
Richarz, F. Z. Ps. C. 2 (1888) 338-. 
Meyer, 0. E. Z. Ps. 0. 2 (1888) 340-. 
Weilenmann, A, Zva. Yjschr. 35 (1890) 306-. 
Leray, {Vahhe) — . Par. S. Ps. Sd. (1891) 168-. 
Preston, S. T, Ph. Mg. 31 (1891) 441-. 
Delaunay, N. Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 24 (P«.) (1892) 

9- ; J. de Ps. 1 (1892) 438-. • 
FerriiU, JR. Lpldina. 28 (1892) 153-, 176-, 

194-. 
PoincarS, H. C. R. 116 (1893) 1165-. 
Petrini, H. Stockh. Ofv. (1894) 263-. 
Blatema, — . Rm. R. Ac. Line. Rd. 4 (1895) 

(Sem. 1) 315-. 
Stoney, G, J. [1895] Dubl. S. Sc. P. 8 (1893- 

98) 351-. 
Lungo, C. del. Rm. R. Ac. Line. Rd. 5 (1896) 

{Sem. 1) 467-. 
Boltzmann, L. [1897] D. Mth. Vr. Jbr. 6 

(1899) (Heft I) 130-. 
Runolfssan, N. N. Ts. Fs. K. 2 (1897) 346-, 

411-. 
Lebedinskij, V. K. Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 30 (Ps.) 

(1898) 43-; J. de Ps. 7 (1898) 675. 
agreement with thennod^oamics. Sandrucci, 

A, Rm. R. Ac. Line. Rd. 3 (1887) (Sem. 1) 
205-. 

application to argon. Basevi, C. E. Nt. 52 
(1895) 221-. 

— of Boltzmann*s theorem. Jeans, J, H. 
[1900] Phil. Trans. (A) 196 (1901) 397-. 

— to gravitation. Preston, S. T. Ph. Mg. 5 
(1878) 117-. 

— — study of the atmosphere. Grassi, G. 
Nap. Rd. 24 (1885) 145-. 

and atmosphere of the moon. Bryan, G. H. 

B. A. Rp. (1893) 682-. 

— atmosphere's limit. Ferrini, R, Mil. 
I. Lomb. Rd. 18 (1886) 319-. 

temperature equilibrium. Schmidt, A. 

Btr. Geops. 4 (1900) 1-. 

— atmospheres upon planets and satellites. 
Stoney, G. J. [1897] Dubl. S. Sc. T. 6 
(1898) 305-. 

based on attractive forces only. Boltzmann, L, 

Wien Ak. Sb. 89 (1884) (Ab 2) 714-. 
Boltzmann's. Culverwell, E. P. Ph. Mg. 30 

(1890) 95-. 
ana Camot's principle, Maxwell's demons. 

Lippmann, G. [1900] Sc. Abs. 4 (1901) 

381. 

— chemical notation. Waterston, J. J, (vni) 
Ph. Mg. 26 (1863) 248-, 516-. 

correction of Clausius's equation, 2^ mv'^ - f PV, 
Kool, C. J. Laus. S. Vd. Bll. 28 (1892) 271- ; 
30 (1894) 209-. 

dense gases. Burbury, S. H. [1895] Phil. 
Trans. (A) 187 (1897) 1-. 



determinantal invariant. Bryan, G, H, L. 

Ps. S. P. 13 (1895) 481- ; Ph. Mg 39 (1895) 

531-. 
difficulties connected with. Bryan, G. H, B. 

A. Rp. (1896) 721. 
and dimensions of electric quantities. Juppont, 

— . Toul. Ac. Sc. Bll. 2 (1899) 98-. 
dissociation of gases. Natanson, L. A. Ps. C. 

38 (1889) 288-. 
distribution of gas in electrical field. Walker, 

G. W. L. Ps. S. P. 17 (1901) 171- ; Ph. 

Mg. 49 (1900) 529-. 
**ergal" and its application to. Claueius, R. 

Bonn Niedr. Gs. Sb. (1874) 183-. 
escape of gases from atmospheres. Stoney, G . J. 

[1900] R. S. P. 67 (1901) 286-. 
planets. Cook, S. R. Am. As. P. 

(1899) 120-. 
foundations. Tait, P. G. [1885] Ph. Mg. 21 

(1886) 343-. 

— (Tait). Burbury, S, H. Ph. Mg. 21 (1886) 
481-. 

— . Tait, P. G. [1886-67] Edinb. R. S. T. 
33 (1888) 65-, 251-. 

— (numerical notes). Tait, P. G. [1887] 
Edinb. R. S. P. 14 (1888) 46-. 

— (Tait). Burbury, S. H. Ph. Mg. 24 (1887) 
471-. 

— (Burbury). Tait, P. G. Ph. Mg. 25 (1888) 
38-. 

— (Tait). Burbury, S. H. Ph. Mg. 25 (1888) 
129-. 

— (Tait*s problem). Natanson, W. Prace 
Mt.-Fiz. 1 (1888) 46-. 

— . Tait, P. G. [1889-91] Edinb. R. S. T. 

35 (1890) 1029- ; 36 (1892) 257-. 
— . Bryan, G. H. [1894] Nt. 51 (1894-95) 

31. 
— . Culverwell, E. P. [1894] Nt. 51 (1894- 

95) 78-. 
— . Burbury, S. H. [1894] Nt. 51 (1894-95) 

127. 
— . Bryan, G. H. [1894] Nt. 51 (1894-95) 

152. 
— . Larmor, J. [1894] Nt. 51 (1894-95) 

152- 
- . Burbury, S. H. [1894] Nt. 51 (1894-96) 

176-. 
— . Bryan, G. H. [1894] Nt. 51 (1894-95) 

176. 
-. Fitzgerald, G. F. Nt. 51 (1894-95) 

221—. 
— . WaUon, H. W, Nt. 51 (1894-95) 222. 
— . Schuster, A. Nt. 51 (1894-95) 293. 
— . Bryan, G. H. Nt. 61 (1894-96) 319-. 
— . Boltzmann, L. Nt. 61 (1894-95) 413-, 

581. 
— . CulverweU, E. P. Nt. 51 (1894-96) 

581. 
— . Bryan, G, H. Nt. 52 (1895) 244. 
— . Burbury, S. H. Nt. 62 (1895) 316-. 
fundamental equation. Sluginov, N. P. Kazan 

S. Nt. (Ps -Mth.) P. 6 (1887) 171. 

— hypotheses. Gy5z8, Z A. Ps. 2 (1900) 
404-. 

— — . Burbury, S. H. A. Ps. 3 (1900) 
366-. 

. Gybzd, Z. A. Ps. 3 (1900) 761-. 



44 



0200 Kinetic Theory of Qases 0200 

and hydrodynamios. BolUnuumt L, B. A. propagation of soond on. Watson^ (Rev,) H, W, 

Bp. (1894) 579. [1884] Birm. Ph. S. P. 4 (1883-^) 242-. 

imperfect gases. NaUuuon, W, Eo8mo8(Lw.) . iftm, 6. A. Bmx. Ac. BU. 11 

13 (1888) 68-, 160- ; A. Ps. G. 33 (1888) (1886) 131 (bis)-. 

683-. . Krmeman^ J, N, Haarl. Ms. 

. Pirogov, N. N. Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 21 Teyl. Arch. 5 (1898) 207-. 

(Ps,) (1889) 46-; Fsohr. Ps. (1889) (Ah, 2) , and movements of gases. LorenUy 

209. H. A, Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 16 (1880) 360- ; 

inexactitude of a principle in. Sandrucci, A, Arch. Nderl. 16 (1881) 1-. 

Bm. B. Ac. Lmc. Bd. 4 (1888) (Sent. 2) 461-. proposition. Watson, H, W, Nt. 46 (1892) 29-. 

internal work of expanding gas (Joule's experi- questions in. (Avogadro's law. Viscosity. 

ment). Natanson, L. C. B. 107 (1888) 164-. Maxwell's law. Thermal equilibrium.) 
( ) p^atanson). Him, G, A. Boltzmann, L, Wien Ak. Sb. 96 (1888) (Ab. 

C. B. 107 (1888) 16^-. "2) 891-. 
( ). Natansofif L, A. Ps. . ( . — . . .) (Boltzmann.) 

C. 37 (1889) 341-. Tait, P. G, Edinb. B. S. P. 16 (1889) 140-. 
( ). HazeritH.A, Science relation of the newly discovered elements. 

16(1890)304. Ramsay, W. [1899] Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. 
( ). Natansan, W, Praoe & P. 43 (1900) No, 4, 19 pp. 

Mt.-Fiz. 2 (1890) 76-. relations between efflux velocity, specific heat 
( ). Hasen,H, A, Science and molecular velocity. Naehs, F, G, A. 

19 (1892) 106. Ps. C. Beibl. 7 (1883) 18-. 

. X, Science 19 (1892) 136-. , . Franchis, — 

laws. Rogovskil, E. A, [1882] (xn) Bs. Ps.- de, Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 1 (1886) 331-, 

C. S. J. 16 (Ps., Pt. 1) (1884) 26-, 186- ; 371-. 

Fschr. Ps. (1884) (Ah, 3) 192-. resistance of air. Tdpler, E. Exner Bpm. 23 

and laws of resistance. Suslov, G. Bs. Ps.-G. (1887)162-. 

S.J. 18 (P«.) (1886)79-; Fschr. Ps. (1886) and some results. Ramsay, W, [1898] Ciel 

(Ah, 2) 262-. et Terre 19 (1898-99) 613-, 671-, 619. 
an objection. Poincare, H, C, B. 116 (1893) 

1017-. Kinetics of conduction of heat in fluids. Jdger, 

objections. Him, G, A, A. C. 7 (1886) G. Wien Ak. Sb. 102 (1893) (^46. 2a) 483-. 

289-. — — evaporation. V(yigt,W, Gdtt. Nr. (1896) 

— , Him's. Clausius, R. Brux. Ac. Bll. 11 341- ; (1897)261-. 

(1886) 173 (6m)-. — and fluorescence. Voigt, W, Gdtt. Nr. 

-, — . Sandrucci, A, N. Cim. 20 (1886) (1896) 184-. 

193-. — of ideal fluids. Voigt, W, G6tt. Nr. (1897) 

physics of media composed of free and perfectly 19-. 

elastic molecules. Waterston, J, J. B. S. liquids. Traube, J. A. Ps. C. 61 (1897) 

P. 6 (1846) 604 ; B. A. Bp. (1861) (pt. 2) 6. 391-. 
. [With intro- . JHeterici, C, A. Ps. C. 66 (1898) 

duction by Lord Bayleigh.] Waterston, J, J, 826-. 

[1846] Phil. Trans. (A) 183 (1893) 1-. . Jager, G, A. Ps. C. 67 (1899) 894-. 

polyatomic gases. Pirogov, N, N, Bs. Ps.-C. — . Voigt, W, A. Ps. C. 68 (1899) 

S. J. 18 (Ps.) (1886) (SuppL) 70 pp. ; Fschr. 139-. 

Ps. (1886) (Ab. 2) 238-. . Jdger, G. A. Ps. C. 68 (1899) 

(Pirogov). Stankevid, B, V, Bs. Ps.-C. 616-. 

8. J. 19 (Ps,) (1887) 32-. (Jager). Voigt, W. A. Ps. C. 69 (1899) 

(Stankevifi). Pirogov, N, N. Bs. Ps.-C. 324-. 

S. J. 19 (Ps,) (1887) 133-. , application of Clausius's equation 

. Rieharz, F. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1891) 2|mt;2=|PFandvirial. Kool,C.J. Laus. 

73- ; A. Ps. C. 48 (1893) 467-. S. Vd. BU. 28 (1892) 87-. 
. Stankevii, B, V. Fschr. Ps. (1892) and solids. Wittwer,^, D. Nf. Tbl. 

(.16.2)224-. (♦1879)180. 

. Boltzmann, L. B. A. Bp. (1894) 102-. , and liquefaction and vaporisa- 

. StaigmUller, H, A. Ps. C. 66 (1898) tion. Eddy, H. T, Franklin I. J. 86 (1883) 

666-. 8-. 
, and Dulong and Petit's law. Rieharz ^ structure of bodies. Stankevii,B. N.Bs. 

F, A. Ps. C. 67 (1899) 702-. S. Nt. Mm. (Mth.) 8 (1888) i-, 1- ; Fschr. 

problems. Burbwry, S. H. Ph. Mg. 30(1890) Ps. (1888) (^6. 2) 234-. 

298-. 

propagation of sound on. Hoorweg, J, L. Arch. 

N^l. 11 (1876) 131-. Mass, volume and time, initial and inseparable, 
. Preston, S. T, Ph. Mg. 3 (1877) application to gases. Herran, A. As. Fr. 

441- ; 4 (1877) 77 ; Nt. 18 (1878) 253-. C. B. (1900) (Pt. 1) 149-. 
. Mees, R. A. Amst. Ak. Vs. M. Mean distance of gas molecules. Korteweg, 

16 (1880) 394- ; A. Ps. C. Beibl. 6 (1881) 2). J. [1876] Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 10 (1876) 

244-. 349-; Arch. N6erl. 12 (1877) 241-. 

45 



0200 QaS'Theory 

Mean free path of gas molecules. Claimua^ R, 

Pogg. A. 105 (1858) 239- ; A. Ps. C. 10 (1880) 

92-. 
. Koci, C. J. Laas. S. Vd. 

Bll. 28 (1892) 211- ; 35 (1899) 383-. 
. Jaeger, O, Arch. Sc. Ps. 

Nt. 34 (1895) 376-. 
, e£Fect of molecular volume. 

J&ger, Q. Wien Ak. Sb. 105 (1896) {Ah. 2a) 

97-. 
and impacts in group of equal spheres. 

rait, — . Edinb. R. S. P. 15 (1889) 225-. 
Mechanics of gases. Schmidt^O. [18591 Wien 

SB. 39 (1860) 41-. 
Mixed gases, law. Leduc, A. Par. S. Ps. S^. 

(1898) II*-. 
, — . Sacerdote, P. Par. S. Ps. S4. (1899) 

77-. 
, number and mean distance of impacts. 

WciaUt J. D. van der. Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 10 

(1876) 337- ; Arch. N^erl. 12 (1877) 217-. 
.theory. Qough.J, [1803-04] Nicholson 

J. 9 (1804) 52- ; Manch. Ph. S. Mm. 1 (1805) 

296-, 405-. 
, — (Gough). Dalton, J, Manch. Ph. 

S. Mm. 1 (1805) 425-. 
, viscosity. Sutherland, W, Ph. Mg. 40 

(1895) 421-. 

Mixture of 2 gases, isothermals; and exten- 
sion of Maxwell's theorem. Duhem, P, 

Bordeaux S. Sc. Mm. 3 (1899) 331-. 
substances, molecular theory. Wools, 

J. D, van der, Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 6 (1889) 

163- ; Arch. N^erl. 24 (1891) 1-. 
Motion of gas issuing from vessel, and pressure 

exerted by gas on sides of vessel. Mossotti, 

O.F. [1814] Mod. S. It. Mm. 17 (1815) 16-. 
liquids. Touche, — . C. R. 67 (1868) 

1219-. 
— — minute particles, in air and liquids. 

Nageli, K. W. von. Miinch. Ak. Sb. 9 (1879) 

389-. 
— , molecular. Botcman, W., & Todd, — . 

Froriep Not. 27 (1843) 225-. 
— , — . Maxwell, J. C. B. A. Rp. 43 (1873) 

(Sect,) 29-. 
— ,— (MaxweU). Guthne.Fred. Nt. 10(1874) 

123. 
— , — , of dissolved substances. Lorentz, — . 

Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 6 (1889) 337-. 
— , — , in gases. Duhamel, J, M. C, Par. S. 

Phlm. PV. (1846) 100-. 
— , — , . Clausius, R. Wien SB. 46 

(Ab. 2) (1863)^ 402-. 
— . — , . Putchl, K, Wien SB. 48 (Ah. 

2) (1863) 35-. 
— , — , . GraaH, O. Mil. I. Lomb. Rd. 

6 (1873) 404-. 
-— , — , . SlotU, K. F. Helsingf. Ofv. 38 

(1896) 64-; Pschr. Ps. (1896) (Ah. 2) 226-. 
— , — , , effect of density. Clausius, R. 

Z. Mth. Ps. 9 (1864) 375-. 
— , — , , general equations, and application 

to sound propagation. Duhamel, J. M. C. 

C. R. 55 (1862) 223-. 
— , — , , integration, etc., of equations. 

BolUmann, L. [1876] Wien Ak. Sb. 74 

(1877) (Ah. 2) 503-. 



Partition of Energy 0200 

Motion, molecular, in hydrodynamics. Troy, 

D. S. Science 18 (1891) 202-. 

— , — , — liquids. Wiener, L. C. [1871] (xn) 

Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. Vh. 6 (1873) 213-. 
— , — , new instance. Zenner, D. C. N. 8 

(1863) 164-. 
— , — , some properties. Ora^si, O, Mil. I. 

Lomb. Rd. 8 (1875) 210-. 
— , stationary, in Infinite system of molecules. 

Burbury, S. H. L. Mth. S. P. 29 (1898) 

225-. 
— , — , of system of equal elastic spheres. 

Burbury, S. H. [1896J B. A. Rp. (1896) 

716- ; L. Mth. S. P. 28 (1897) 331-. 
^ of systems of molecules. Cauchy, A. L. 

C. R. 24 (1847) 348-. 

PARTITION OF ENERGY. 

Bryan, G. H. B. A. Rp. (1900) 634-. 
Boltzmann's minimum theorem. Culverwell, 

E. P. Nt. 50 (1894) 617. 

. Burbury, S. H. [1894] Nt. 51 

(1894-95) 78. 
. Watson, H. W. [1894] Nt. 51 

(1894-95) 105. 
. CulverweU, E. P. Nt. 51 (1894-95) 

105, 246. 
. Burbury, S. H. Nt. 51 (1894-95) 

320 ; 52 (1895) 104-. 
. Culverwell, E. P. Nt. 52 (1895) 

149. 

— — — . BolUmann, L. Nt. 52 (1895) 
221. 

, assumption in. Bryan, G. H. Nt. 

52 (1895) 29-. 
, extension. Burbury, S. H. L. Mth. 

S. P. 26 (1895) 431-. 

— theorem (equilibrium of kinetic energy of 
system of particles). Bolttmann, L. Wien 
Sb. 58 (1868) (Ab. 2) 517-. 

. Maxwell, J. C. [1878] Camb. Ph. S. 

T. 12 (1879) 547-. 

. Hicks, W. M. B. A. Rp. (1885) 905. 

. Pirogov, N. N. Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 22 

(Ps.) (1890) 44-; Exner Rpm. 27 (1891) 

515-. 

— — (Maxwell's investigation). Rayleigh, 
(Lord). Ph. Mg. 33 (1892) 356-. 

(equality of mean kinetic energy for each 

degree of freedom). Burbury, S. H. L. 

Mth. S. P. 27 (1896) 214-. 
Cases in which kinetic energy is not integrating 

divisor of energy absorbed. Boltzmann, L. 

Wien Ak. Sb. 92 (1886) (Ah. 2) 853-. 
Chase-Maxwell ratio. Chase, P. E. Am. Ph. 

S. P. 22 (1885) 375-. 
Distribution of molecular velocities in gases. 

CelUrier, C. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 6 (1881) 

337-. 
amongst molecules of fluid, law. 

Buchanan, J. Ph. Mg. 25 (1888) 165-. 
rotatory energy among gas molecules. 

Stankevid, B. V. Rec. Mth. (Moscou) 13 

(1886) 129-. 
— , stable, of dynamic conditions among gas 

molecules. Flarinsky, G. [1893] Fschr. Mth. 

(1893-94) 1817. 



46' 



0200 Partition of Energy 

Distribation of velocities among gas molecules, 

law. Hodget.N.D.C. Ps. Bv. 10 (1900) 258. 
in system of moving molecules, law. 

Leahy, A, H, Camb. Ph. S. P. 7 (1892) 322-. 
Equilibrium of kinetic energy. Boltzmann, L, 

Miinoh. Ak. Sb. 22 (1898) 829-. 
in a gas. LorenU, H. A, Wien 

Ak. Sb. 95 (1887) {Ah. 2) 115-. 
, law. Rayleigh, {Lord). Ph. Mg. 

49 (1900) 98-. 
, — . Burbury, S. H. Ph. Mg. 49 

(1900) 22&- ; 50 (1900) 584-. 
, as regards translation and rotation, 

in molecules of gas. BolUmann, L. Berl. 

Ak. Sb. (1888) 1395-. 

— — mean kinetic energy in perfect gas. 
Eddy, H. T. Am. As. P. (1889) 129. 

Maxwell-Boltzmann law. WtUscn, H, W. Nt. 

45 (1892) 512-. 

. Burmide, W. Nt. 45 (1892) 583. 

. Burhury, S. H. Nt. 45 (1892). 538-. 

. Kelvin, {Lord). [1900] B. I. P. 16 

(1902) 863-. 

— — , test case disproving. Kelvin, {Lord). 
B. S. P. 51 (1892) 397-. 

, , Lord Kelvin's. CulverweU, E. P. 

Nt. 46 (1892) 76. 
^~ — , test cases. Thomson, {Sir) W. {Lord 

Kelvin.) [1891] B. S. P. 50 (1892) 79-. 
Maxwell's demons. Whiting, H. Science 6 

(1885) 83. 

— distribution in gases, rate of approach to. 
Natamon, L. A. Ps. C. 34 (1888) 970-. 

— law. Meyer, O. E. A. Ps. C. 7 (1879) 
317- ; 10 (1880) 29^. 

— — (Meyer). Boltzmann, L. A. Ps. C. 11 
(1880) 529-. 

. ^Partition among colliding spheres.) 

Tait, P. Q. Edinb. B. S. P. 13 (1886) 587-. 
. ( .) Burmide, W. [1887] 

Edinb. B. S. T. 83 (1888) 501-. 

. ?/atafW(m,fr. PraceMt.-Fiz. 1(1888)26-. 

. Pirogov, N. N. Bs. P8.-C. S. J. 21 

(P«.) (1889) 76-. 
. Watson, H. W., dk Burhury, S. H. 

Nt. 46 (1892) 100-. 
. Bertrand, J. C. B. 122 (1896) 963-, 

1083-. 
(Bertrand). Boltzmann, L. C. B. 122 

(1896) 1178. 
(Boltzmann). Bertrand, J. C. B. 122 

(1896) 1174. 
(Bertrand). Boltzmann, L. C. B. 122 

(1896)1814. 
(Boltzmann). Bertrand, J. C. B. 122 

(1896) 1314-. 

of distribution of velocities for gas mole- 
cules. SehiUz, J. JR. Gdtt. Nr. (1895) 30-. 

^ , proof. Boltzmann, 

L. Mflnch. Ak. Sb. 24 (1895) 207-. 

, — . Planck, M. 

Mdnoh. Ak. Sb. 24 (1895) 391-. 

, — . Boltzmann, L, 

[1895] Munch. Ak. Sb. 25 (1896) 25-; A. 
Pb. C. 55 (1895) 228-. 

in group of equal colliding 

spheres. Tait, P. O. Edinb. B. S. P. 21 

(1897) 128-. 



Qas'Tbeory 0200 

Maxwell's law, simple test case. Bryan, O. H, 

Camb. Ph. S. P. 8 (1895) 250-. 
, simplified proof. Bumside, — . Edinb. 

B. S. P. 15 (1889) 106-. 
and spectra of gases. Fitzgerald, G. F. 

B. S. P. 57 (1895) 812-. 
, thermoaynamic interpretation. Natan- 

son, W. Prace Mt.-Fiz. 5 (1894) 118-. 
— , a theorem of. Tait, P. G. Edinb. B. S. 

P. 18 (1886) 21-. 
Motion and energy, diffusion. Brillouin, M. 

A. C. 20 (1900) 440-. 
Thermal equilibrium, effect of collisions of 

particles. Natanson, W. Kosmos (Lw.) 14 

(1889) 47-. 
among polyatomic molecules, new proof 

of 2 laws. Boltzmann, L. Wien Ak. Sb. 95 

(1887) {Ab. 2) 153-. 



Pressure of gas, critical account of theories. 

Gosiewski, W. Par. T. Nauk Sc. Pam. 5 
(•1874) Art. 2, 15 pp. 

, effect of molecular volume. Jdger, G. 

Wien Ak. Sb. 105 (1896) {Ab. 2a) 15-. 

— — — , formula. Boltzmann, L. Arch. 
N6eri. 6 (1900) 76-. 

, — , numerical verification. Lagrange, 

C. Brux. Ac. BU. 16 (1888) 171 -. 
and impact of molecules. Korteweg, 

D. J. Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 10 (1876) 363-; 
Arch. N^eri. 12 (1877) 254-. 

, influence of space occupied by mole- 
cules. Korteweg, D. J. [1880] A. Ps. C. 12 
(1881) 136-. 

— , hydrostatic, and molecular motion of 
gravitation. Grassi, G. Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 
8 (1875) 452-. 

— and impact of gas molecules upon surface, 
determination. Hansemann, G. A. Ps. C. 
144 (1872) 82-. 

— — — — — — — •~, — (Hansemann). 

SeUmeier, W. A. Ps. C. 145 0)972) 162-. 

— — — — — — , — . Hansemann, G. 

A. Ps. C. 146 (1872) 620-. 

— , influence in theory of gases. Moutier, J, 
[1877] Par. S. Phlm. BU. 2 (1878) 70-. 

— of saturated vapour. Warburg, E. A. Ps. 
C. 28 (1886) 394-. 

Probabilities of molecular configurations. 

Natanson, L. Ph. Mg. 34 (1892) 51-. 
Probability theory, applications to physical 

phenomena. Bryan, G. H. Am. J. Mth. 19 

(1897) 288-. 
Problems, physical, methods of solution. 

Schiller, N. N. Fschr. Ps. (1894) {Ab. 2) 489-. 
Properties of gases, physical. Bauschinger, J. 

[1865] Z. Mth. Ps. 11 (1866) 208-. 
Property of gas composed of ellipsoidal mole- 
cules. Delaunay, N. B. Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 24 

{Ps.) (1892) 18. 
Badiant energy , motion of bodies due to. Smith, 

A. M. [1875] Vict. B. S. T. 12 (1876) 69-. 

— matter. Crookes, W. Am. J. Sc. 18 (1879) 
241- ; B. S. P. 30 (1880) 469-; C. B. 91 
(1880) 108-. 

— — , Crookes's experiments. Serpieri, A. 
(xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 12 (1880) 213-. 800-. 



47 



0200 Radiometer actions 

BadiatiDg and absorbing bodies, motions. 
Zminer, J. C, F. A. Ps. C. 160 (1877) 164-, 
296-, 469-. 

— molecule, and Crookes's tube, analogy. 
Heen, P. de. Brux. Ao. Bll. (1900) 149-. 

Badiation, attraction and repulsion accom- 
panying. Crookes, W. Ph. Mg. 48 (1874) 

81-; L. Ps. S. P. 1 (1876) 85-. 
— , Grookes's experiments. Riihlmarm, R. 

Chemnitz B. (*1878-80) 67-. 
— , — stress. Moss, R. J., di SUmey, O, J. 

B. S. P. 26 (1877) 568-. 
— , , apparatus employed in researches on. 

Moss, R. J, B. A. Bp. (1878) 489. 
— , — — at atmospheric pressure. Stoney, 

G. J, [1877] Dubl. S. Sc. P. 1 (1878) 6S-. 
— , in gases. SUmey,Q.J. [1878] Dubl. 

S. Sc. T. 1 (1877-83) 39-. 
^ , , and support of spheroidal drops. 

Fitzgerald y G, F.,Stoney, G.J., d^Moss, R. J. 

B. A. Bp. (1878) 441-. 
— , , mechanical theory. Fitzgerald , G. F. 

[1878] Dubl. S. Sc. T. 1 (1883) 67-. 
— , , — — (Fitzgerald). Reynolds, 0. 

Ph. Mg. 7 (1879) 179-. 
— , — tube, action on radiometer. Fontana, A . , 

dt Umani, A. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1896) 

(Sem. 1) 170-. 
•^, , circulation of residual gaseous matter. 

Swinton, A. A, C. [1898] L. Ps. 8. P. 16 

(1899) 148-, 156- ; Ph. Mg. 46 (1898) 387-, 

393-. 
— , , ponderomotive force. Myikin, N, P. 

Vars. S. Nt. Tr. (1899) (C. B., Ps. C.) No. 1, 

2-. 
— , force causing motion in body exposed to. 

Schuster, A. [187^] Phil. Trans. 166 (1877) 

716-. 
— , mechanical action. Cooley, Le R. C. 

[1876] Alb. I. T. 9 (1879) 1-. 
— , , historical note. Bizio, G. Ven. I. 

At. 2 (1876) 857-. 

— and molecular attraction, relation between. 
WaaU,J.D.vander{Jun.). [1900] Amst. Ak. 
Vs. 9 (1901) 46-; Amst. Ak. P. 3 (1901) 27-. 

— , repulsion accompanying. Crookes, W. 

[1873-78] (el) Phil. Trans. 164 (1874) 501- ; 

165 (1875) 519- ; 166 (1876) 325-; 169 (1878) 

243- ; 170 (1879) 87-. 
— , , experimental researches. Crookes, W. 

Nt. 19 (1879) 511-, 533-. 
— , , influence of residual gas. Crookes, 

W. [1876] B. S. P. 25 (1877) 136-. 
— , . Otheoscope. Crookes, W. [1877] 

B. S. P. 26 (1878) 176- ; C. B. 84 (1877) 1081-, 

1166-. 

RADIOMETER. 

Crookes, W. B. S. P. 23 (1875) 377-. 
Poggendorff, J. C. A. Ps. C. 166 (1875) 488-. 
Tupper, J. L. [1875] Bugby NH. S. Bp. (1876) 

20-. 
Berthold, G. (of Rorudorf). A. Ps. C. 168 

(1876) 483-. 
Finkener, R. A. Ps. C. 158 (1876) 672-. 
Schuster, A. A. Ps. C. 159 (1876) 651-. 
Bertin, A. A. C. 8 (1876) 278-, 431- ; 10 (1877) 

396-. 



Radiometer 0200 

DeUaulx, J. Les Mondes 40 (1876) 462, 510-, 

724- • 42 (1877) 64—. 
FonvieUe, W. de. C. B. 82 (1876) 1250-. 
Ducretet, E. C. B. 83 (1876) 53-. 
Gaife, A. C. B. 83 (1876) 272. 
FonvielU, W. de. C. B. 83 (1876) 385-. 
Crookes, W. C. B. 83 (1876) 572-. 
Frankland, E. Nt. 14 (1876) 556. 
Volpieelli, P. [1876] Nt. 16 (1877) 101. 
Key, {Rev.) H. C. Woolh. FC. T. (•1874-76) 

176-. 
Lippmann, G. Par. S. Ps. S4. (1876J 175-. 
NewaU, H. F. [1876] Bugby NH. S. Bp. 

(1877) 16-. 
Rossetti, F. N. Cim. 16 (1876) 157-, 206-. 
SaUt, G. As. Fr. C. B. (1876) 252-. 
Secchi, {ilpadre) A. (xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 8 (1876) 

193—. 
Stoney', G. J. Ph. Mg. 1 (1876) 177-, 305-. 
Cooke, J. P. Am. J. Sc. 14 (1877) 231-. 
Grove, (Sir) W. JR. Nt. 16 (1877) 436. 
Hankel, W. G. Leip. Mth. Ps. B. 29 (1877) 

67-. 
Marcon, P. (xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 9 (1877) 78-. 
Mohr, C. F. Z. Mth. Ps. 22 (1877) 45-. 
PvXuj, J. [1877] Wien Ak. Sb. 76 (1878) 

(Ah. 2) 226-. 
RUcke, C. V. E. G6tt. Nr. (1877) 500-. 
Fridrich, F. Trieste Bll. 3 (1878) 198-. 
Stone, W. H. Pop. Sc. Bv. 17 (1878) 164-. 
Puluj, J. [1879] Wien Ak. Sb. 80 (1880) 

(Ab. 2) 132-. 
Seifert, J. Wien Pht. Cor. 16 (1879) 60-. 
Grdnberg, T. Biga Cor.-Bl. 23 (1880) 166-. 
PHngsheim, E. [1882] A. Ps. C. 18 (1883) 1-. 
Mayette, J. [1889] Lyon S. Ag. A. 2 (1890) 

XXV111-. 

Rosenbach, —. Bresl. Schl. Os. Jbr. (1893) 

(Ab. 2a) 27-, 41-. 
absorption-. There, J. (xn) Dax S. Borda 

Bll. 2 (1877) 296-; 7 (1882) 57-. 

— (Thore). Dufourcet, E. (xn) Dax 8. 
Borda Bll. 6 (1881) 205-. 

cause of motion. [Marco, F. non] Felice, M. 

[1876] Bm. B. Ac. Line. T. 1 (1877) 16-. 
. Govt, G. C. B. 82 (1876) 1410- ; 

83 (1876) 49-. 

. Salet, G. C. B. 83 (1876) 274-. 

. Bertin, A., d Garbe, P. C. B. 84 

(1877) 30- ; A. C. 11 (1877) 45-. 
(Bertin and Garoe). Ledieu, A. C. H. 

C. B. 88 (1879) 1298-. 
. Troy, D. S. Science 16 (1890) 

234-. 
and its cosmic revelations. Williams, W. M. 

J. Sc. 6 (1876) 617-. 
Crookes's balance, experiments. Salet, G. 

C. B. 82 (1876) 150O-. 
and Crookes's experiments. Abt, A. (xn) 

Orv.-Term. fits. 6 (1880) (Term. Szak) 65-. 
effect of heat. Hajech, C. Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 

10 (1877) 767-. 
residual gas. Crookes, W. B. A. Bp. 

(1876) (Sect.) 30-. 
rotating electrostatic field. Arnb, R. 

Nt. 50 (1894) 166. 

— — sound waves. Jeannd, J. C. B. 83 
(1876) 445-. 



48 



0200 



Radiometer 



0200 



effect of sparks. Ahtt A. (xn) Orv. Term. 

Ets. 6 (1881) (Term. 8zak) 221-. 
electrical theory. Ferrifd^ JR. Mil. I. Lomb. 

Rd. 9 a876) 794-. 
. Hun, P. de. Bmx. Ac. Bll. 32 (1896) 

76-. 
electricity the cause of inverse motion. 

DeUavlx, J, Nt. 14 (1876) 449-. 
motion. DeUauLx, J, Nt. 14 

(1876) 288-. 
experiments. BdUger, R, C. Berl. B. 9 (1876) 

798-. 
—. Crookes, W. [1876] R. 8. P. 25 (1877) 

304-. 
— . Kruss, A, H, A. Ps. C. 159 (1876) 332-. 
— . Ledieu, A. C. H. C. R. 82 (1876) 1372-, 

1476-. 
— . FonvieUe, W, de. C. R. 83 (1876) 970-. 
— . Right, A. N. Cim. 16 (1876) 228-. 
— . Rostetti, F. Ven. I. At. 2 (1875-76) 869-. 
— . Stroumbo, S. Les Mondes 41 (1876) 208-. 
— . Weinhold, A. F. Carl Rpm. 12 (1876) 

107-, 220-. 
— . Crookes, W. Nt. 15 (1877) 224-, 299-. 
— . Neesen, F. A. Ps. C. 160 (1877) 143-. 
— . Giordano, O. Nap. Rd. 17 (1878) 17. 
— . Luca, 8. de. Nap. Rd. 17 (1878) 18-. 
— . Schoultz, E. von. G6teb. Hndl. 16 (1878) 

10 pp. 
— . Ferrini, R. Mil. I. Lomb. Rd. 14 (1881) 

101-. 
— . Lancetta, P. Rv. Sc.-Ind. 20 (1888) 240-. 
— . Bennett, A. R. [1890] I. Elect. E. J. 19 

(1891) 607-. 
— . Tucheehmid, A. Aaran Mt. 7 (1895) 62-. 
explanation. Ziegler, O, (xn) Ausl. 50 (1877) 

615—. 

— by theory of emission. FonvieUe, W. de. 
C. R. 83 (1876) 52-, 148-. 

forms. Alvergfn%at, {Frbret). C. R. 83 (1876) 

273-, 323. 
— . Zmner, J. C. F. A. Ps. C. 160 (1877) 

469-. 

— (explanation of ZdUner's). Puluj, J. Wien 
Ak. Sb. 81 (1880) {Ah. 2) 1092- ; 82 (1881) 
(Ab. 2) 263-. 

— . Baur, C. A. Ps. C. 19 (1883) 12-. 
— . Evans, O. W, Science 2 (*1883) 215. 
— . Seguy, G. C. R. 120 (1895) 725. 
gaseoas movements in. Salet, G. C. R. 83 

(1876) 968-. 
heat and not light the motive power. Cunning- 
Urn, H. A. Pop. Sc. Rv. 15 (1876) 128-. 
magnetic phenomena observed. Basso, G. Tor. 

Ac. Sc. At. 12 (1876) 502-. 
and mechanical action of light. Carhonnelle, 

(U riv. ptre) L, dt Ghysens, 6. [1876] (xn) 

Bmx. S. So. A. 1 (1877) {Pt. 2) 59-. 
. Ledieu, A. C. H. C. R. 82 

(1876) 1241-, 1293-. 
— . Montani, P. Rm. R. Ac. 

Line. At. 3 (1876) (Pt. 2) 597-. 
movement of ^ass case. Crookes, W. R. S. 

P. 24 (1876) 409-. 
movements. Stokes, G. G. [1877] R. S. P. 

26 (1878) 546-. 
nature of force involved. Rood, 0. N. Am. 

J. Sc. 12 (1876) 405-. 



observations. Wartmann, 6. F. Arch. Sc. 

Ps. Nt. 55 (1876) 813-. 
— . Canestnni, E. Padova S. Sc. At. 9 (1885) 

186-. 
polarisation stress. Stoney, G. J. B. A. Rp. 

(1879) 256. 
pressure in. Donle, W. A. Ps. C. 68 (1899) 

306- . 

. * Riecke, E. G6tt. Nr. (1899) 166-. 

pyro-electricity the cause of action. FonvieUe, 

W. de. C. R. 84 (1877) 122-. 
and telephone and otneoscope, theory. ChaUis, 

J. Ph. Mg. 5 (1878) 462-. 
theories. Lippmann, G. J. de Ps. 5 (1876) 

220-, 366- ; Rv. Sc. 11 (1876) 392-. 
theory. ChaUU, J. [1875] Ph. Mg. 1 (1876) 

395-. 
^. Clausius, R. Bonn Niedr. Gs. Sb. (1875) 

309-. 
— . Crookes, W. J. Sc. 5 (1875) 337-; 6 

(1876) 228-. 
— . Challis, J. Ph. Mg. 2 (1876) 374-. 
— . Crookes, W. C. R. 83 (1876) 1176-, 1232-, 

1289- ; 84 (1877J 388-. 
— . ChaUis, J. Ph. Mg. 3 (1877) 278-, 395-. 
— . Mees, R. A. Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 13 (1878) 

265-; Arch. N^ri. 14 (1879) 97-. 
use as photometer. Pedler, A. Beng. As. 

S. P. (1876| 187-. 
(athermanous), use as photometer. Coulon, i2» 

Lum. :^leot. 4 (*1881) 344-. 



Radiometry , phenomena in liquids. Bergner^ A, 

[1877] A. Ps. C. 3 (1878) 317-. 
Repulsion, dust. Fitzgerald, G. F. Dubl. S. 

Sc. P. 4 (1885) 338. 
— , gaseous. Herapath, J. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 

60 (1822) 18- ; 62 (1823) 61-, 136-. 

— of heated bodies. Fresnel, A. J. A. C. 29 
(1825) 57-, 107-. 

— — — — . PoweU, B. Thomson Re. 1 
(1835) 250-. 

— — — — . Fusinieri, A. A. Sc. Lomb.. 
Ven. 7 (1837) 38-. 

— between heated surfaces. PoweU, B. B. A.. 
Rp. (1834) 549- ; Ph. Mg. 12 (1838) 317-. 

— — — — and certain pulverulent bodies.. 
Addams,R. (yi Adds.) Ph. Mg. 6 (1835)416-. 

Repulsive power of heat. Powell, B. PhiL 

Trans. (1834) 485-. 
sun's rays. Kirict^, H. de. C. R^ 

63 (1861) 1256-. 
, maximum. Him, G. A. C. R^ 

82 (1876) 1472-. 

, — (Him). Ledieu, A. C. H.. 

C. R. 83 (1876) 119-, 384-. 
, ^ (Ledieu). Him, G.A. C. R.. 

83 (1876) 264-. 

Resistance in gases. Kleiber, I. A. Rs. Ps.-C. 

S. J. 18 (Ps.) (1886) 52-; Fschr. Ps. (1886) 

(Ab. 2) 252. 
Rotation, molecular, of gases. Hinricfis, G. 

C. R. 76 (1873) 1357-. 
Solids, application of principles of mechanical 

theory of gases. Mousson, A. Arch. Sc. Ps. 

Nt. 2 (1879) 505-. 



VOL. III. 



49 



0800 Qas Theory 

Solids and gases or vapours, moleoolar action 

between. Rave, A. (xn) Baroel. Ac. Mm, 1 

(1878) 331-. 
Space, relative oooapation of, by gases. 

Schmidt, G. A. Ps. C. 6 (1879) 612-. 
Spectra, line-, of elements. JtUitu, V.A. 

Amst. Ak. Vh. 26 (1888) 125 pp. ; Delft Kc. 

Pol. A. 6 (1889) 1-. 
Spectrum analysis, application to molecular 

mechanics. Jarusen, J. B. A. Bp. (1888) 

647-. 
Steam funnel of locomotives. Oregorio, A. de. 

Palermo Ac. At. 3 (1896) {Sc. Nt.) 108-. 
Stresses in rarefied gases arising from in- 
equalities of temperature. Maxwell, J. C. 

[1878] PhU. Trans. 170 (1880) 231-. 
Sunbeams and atoms. Ball, (Sir) R. Smiths. 

Bp. (1893) 121-. 
Sur^ice tension, density and heating, molecular 

theory. Fuchs, K, Exner Bpm. 24 (1888) 

298-. 
Theory of gases. Prevott, P. Bb. Un. 9 (1818) 

192-. 
. La Place, P. S, (marquis) de, A. C. 

18 (1821) 273- ; Con. des Temps (1826) 219-, 

302-, 886-. 

. Kr9nig,A. Pogg. A. 99 (1856) 316-. 

. SUfan, J. Wien SB. 47 (Ab. 2) 

(1863) 81-. 

. Moutier, J, C. B. 66 (1868) 344-. 

. Wittwer, W. C. Z. Mth. Ps. 14 

(1869) 81- ; 17 (1872) 13-. 
. Piuchl, K. [1874] Wien Ak. Sb. 

70 (1875) (Ab. 2) 413-. 
(perfect gases). Walter, A. D. Nf. B. 

(*1877) 105-. 

. Bouty, E. Bv. Sc. 18 (1880) 967-. 

, dynamical problems illustrating. 

Rayleigh, (Lord). Ph. Mg. 32 (1891) 424-. 
, Liouville*s law and the corresponding 

law in. Wind, C. H. Wien Ak. Sb. 106 

(1897) (Ab. 2a) 21-. 
— , statistical dynamics illustrated by 

meteor swarms and optical rays. Larmor, J. 

B. A. Bp. (1900) 632-. 
liquids. Konovalov, D. Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 

18 (C.) (1886) 395-; Z. Ps. C. 1 (1887) 39-; 

2 (1888) 1-. 
. Stankevii, B. V. [1889] Vars. S. 

Nt. Tr. (1889-90) (C. jR., Ps. C.) No. 4, 3-, 

No. 5. 1-, No. 6, 11-. 
(incompletely miscible). Fuchs, K, 

Exner Bpm. 26 (1890) 664-. 
. jager, Q. Wien Ak. Sb. 101 (1892) 

(Ab. 2a) 920-. 
with simple molecules. Bakker, O, 

J. de Ps. 6 (1897j 577- ; 7 (1898) 511-. 
Thermal condition of gases. PuscfU, K. Wien 

SB. 46 (Ab. 2) (18621 867-. 
— transpiration and radiometer motion. 

Sutherland, W. Ph. Mg. 42 (1896) 373-, 476-. 
. Reynolds, 0. Ph. Mg. 43 

(1897) 142-. 
. Sutherland, W. Ph. Mg. 

44 (1897) 52-. 
Thermodynamic potential, kinetic interpreta- 
tion. Wools, J. D, van der. Amst. Ax. Vs. 

8 (1896 206- ; Arch. Nderl. 30 (1897) 137-. 



VMal 0200 

• 

Thermodynamic surface of water. Gold- 
hammer, D. A. Mosc. Un. Mm. (Ps.-Mth.) 

6 (1885) 1-. 
Thermodynamics, second law, demonstration 

from mechanical principles. Michelson, V.A. 

Bee. Mth. (Moscou) 13 (1886) 229-. 
— , , and kinetic theory of gases. Bur- 
bury, S. H. Ph. Mg. 1 (1876) 61-. 
Transformation of state of oodies, new theory. 

Moulin, H. Par. S. Ps. S^. (1896) 46-, 

268-. 
Transition layer between liquid and vapour. 

Waals, J. D. van der. [1888] Amst. Ak. Vs. 

M. 5 (1889) 171- ; Fschr. Ps. (1888) (Ab. 2) 

331-. 
Vacuum, nature of so-called. Preston, S. T. 

Ph. Mg. 4 (1877) 110-. 
— , . Staney,G.J. Ph. Mg. 4 (1877) 

222-. 
Velocities of gases. Mott, A. J. [1881] Lpool. 

Lt. Ph. S. P. 36 (1882) 81-. 
Velocity of gases, limiting. Pirogov, N. N. 

Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 18 (Ps.) (1886)93-, 295-; 

Fschr. Ps. (1886) (Ab. 2) 238-. 
, — (Pirogov). Stankevvb, B. V, Bs. 

Ps.-C. S. J. 19 [Ps.) (1887) 32-. 
, — ]StanKevi£). Pirogov, N. N. Bs. 

Ps.-C. S. J. 19 (Ps.) (1887) 133-. 

— — — , molecular. Brusotti, F, Mil. I. 
Lomb. Bd. 5 (1872) 754-. 

, — . FtoZi, A. Bm. B. Ac. Line. T. 

8 (1884) 22-, 62-. 
, — , and velocity of sound. Brusotti, F. 

Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 10 (1877) 209-. 
liquids, molecular. Guglielmo, G, Bm. 

B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1897) (Sem. 2) 254-. 
— , mean, of molecules of imperfect gases. 

Blaserna, P. C. B. 69 (1869) 134-. 
— , molecular. Wfichter, F. Lieb. A. 191 

(1878) 309- ; 192 (1878) 256. 
— , — . JHger, G. Wien Ak. Sb. 99 (1891) 

(Ab. 2a) 860-. 
— , — , and temperature. Juppont, — . Toul. 

Ac. Sc. BU. 1 (1898) 117-. 

— of reacting gas molecules. Cantor, M. 
A. Ps. C. 62 (1897) 482-. 

— , total molecular, of body, results of calcula- 
tion. SandrucH, A. Bv. Sc.-Ind. 18 (1886) 
217-, 267-. 

VJRIAL. 

ClauHus, R. Bonn Sb. Niedr. Gs. (1870) 

114- ; C. B. 70 (1870) 1314-. 
Cerruti, V, Nap. Bd. 16 (•1876) 164- ; As. 

Fr. C. B. 6 (1876) 122-. 
Pirogov, N. N. Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 20 (Ps.) 

(1888) 1-; 21 (P«.) (1889) 219- ; 23 (Ps.) 

(1891) 127- ; Fschr. Ps. (1889) (Ab. 2) 207- ; 

(1891) (Ab. 2) 248 ; Z. Mth. Ps. 37 (1892) 267-. 
application to xinetic theory of gases. Lorentz, 

H.A. A. Ps. C. 12 (1881) 127-, 660-. 
. Eddy, H. T. Franklin 

I. J. 86 (1883) 339-, 409-. 
. Sonin, N. J. [1889] 

Vars. S. Nt. Tr. (1889-90) (C. jR., Ps. C.) 

No. 7, 1-; Fschr. Ps. (1890) (Ab. 2) 247-. 
case. Clausius, R. C. B. 78 (1874) 1731-. 



50 



0250 Absorption and Adsorption of Oases 0250 

of ClauBiiis. CambeBeufit A. [1869] filntp. Absorption of gases in liquids at different tern- 

Mm. Ac. Sect. 8c. 7 (1867-71) 418-. peratures. Bohr, C. A. Ps. C. 62 (1897) 644-. 

. Lucas, F. C. R. 79 (1874) 103-. , and temperature. MiUUr-Erzbaeh, W. 

. Basevi, C. E, Nt. 62 (1896) 41S-. Exner Rpm. 22 (1886) 638-. 

. Gray, A. Nt. 62 (1896) 668. water .vapour by solids. Ihmari, T, A. 

. Burlmry, S. H. Nt. 62 (1896) 668 Ps. C. 81 (1887) 1006-. 

. BayneM, R. E. Nt. 62 (1896) 669. solutions. Ouglidmo, G. Tor. 

, and new theorem. Yvon-Villarceau, A. Ac. Sc. At. 17 (1881) 64-. 

C. B. 76 (1872) 282-, 877-, 990-. Adhesion of air, to water vapour in particular. 

equation. Clautuu, R, C. R. 76(1872) 912-. VoU, W, L, Pogg. A. 17 (1829) 89-. 

dif* . „ . ,^ , gases to substances. Tiller, A, Biga 

"" 4»»-^=mr«+(Xr+ry + Zz). Mantel, Cor. -Bl. 16 (1866) 42-. 

W. N. Arch. Wisk. 18 (1891) 127-. ~;r^~~aT,.l^^. ^' ^^'^' ^'»***'*^*^' ^' 

-. complete. Onnwu, C. H. C, Amst. Ak. ^p' B. 64 (1867) 74-. 

Vs. M. 1 (1886) 19-; Arch. N6erl. 19 (1884) Adsorbed air layer on glass sur&^, thickness. 

^2 ^ ' Schumann, O. A. Ps. C. 27 (1886) 91-. 

-for'^s and vapours. Tail, P. Q. Nt. 46 ^^^T**^^" ^'^ases by powdered glass. MM- 

(1892)199-. /^^^^?- -^t^u;.-^ ' *i"' iLrm 

-, van' der WaaU's treatment of Laplace's -v!!ILT''i? a P« %' J^^ 

pr^^urein. RaylHgh, ILard). Nt. 44(1891) ^^^J^ ^^ ^^A.^^.^ ^Al>VlT; ^er 

__ !_• _ Tnit P a wt Rpm. 25 (1889) 666- ; D. Nf . Vh. (1894) {Th. 

44 (1891) 646^ ' 2, mifte 1) 70-; Wien Ak. Sb. 106 (1896) 

-» • RaylHgh,(Lord). (^^'^\?^ . , . ^...., 

Nt 44 (1891) 697 ^ ^ \ / Condensation of air on glass surfaces. DihhiU, 

-.----!- ^ . Tail, p. G. Nt. H,C.(Tn) Mbl. Nt 7 (18^) 91-. 

44(1891)627-. "(^^hZ"'" ^^ ' A. Ps. C. 19 

equations and Clausius. Kool, C. J, Iaus. ^iooo;ow-. 

8. Vd. Bll. 28 (1892) 87-. " ^ '^^^'i^'S'^^n 'S.^SSJ'^Sf^- ^"""^^^ 

forms, various. Claimii*,i?. A.Ps.C.(c7tt6«MHf.) -"* ^- A. Ps. C. 20 (1883) 545-. 

(1874) 411-. • ^^y*^* ^- A. Ps. C. 21 

and internal pressure in fluids. Amagat,E.H, (1884)495-. » nr * t> n 

C. B. 120 (1896) 489-, 680. ~'c^i7^^^ Tak * ^^^^f ^- **"- A. Ps. C. 

of system of hard colliding bodies. Rayleigh, ^^ 1^^^) ^^^- „ rr k jy n 

(Lard). Nt. 46 (1892) 80-. ""h^/i'^VqqIL ' Krause,H, A. Ps. C. 

theorem, analogue to. RayUigh,(L(yrd). Ph. 36(1889)928-. 

Mg. 60 (190^210-. ;; z:^^ il^^TV^rt 

in thermocLyn^cs. JffrtcA^Z, A. S. Nt. 18 ^J®" of grease. Kay set, H. A. Ps. C. 28 

(1878) 89-, 142. (1884)416-. . , ,. .^ , ^ 

^ ' compressed carbon dioxide on glass under 

action of light. PfaundUr, L. A. Ps. C. 

Volatile bodie8,motion of particles. BodoweiTfW, 24(1885)498-. ^,. • « 

£. J. (xn) Kosmos ^w.) 6 (1881) 49; 7 Tp^T « hIt^I '"filr'* ^''*'* 

(1882) 177-. A. I's. C. 8 (1879) 1-; «>71-. 

* ' . Bottomley, J, T. B. S. P. 

88 (1885) 158-. 
smooth bodies. Magnus, G. Berl. 

0250 Absorption and Adsorption ^- (^®^^) ^'^,?t- « . ^ . ^ r • 

■^ ^ solids. Bertram, A., db Janun, — . 

of Gases. c. b. 86 (I853) 994-. 

,, . , . Weber, F. Halle Z. Nw. 40 

{Far Moser'tf Images, (1872) 189-. 

Thermotrraphy. see 4225.) ^^^ ^®** thereby disengaged. 

^ '^ ^* Favre, P. A. C. B. 89 (1864) 729-. 

Absorbent powers of earths. Leslie, John, surfaces. Kayser, H, Berl. Ps. 

Nicholson J. 4 (1801) 196-. Gs. Vh. (1886) 44-. 

Abforption of air by bodies. Rhuland, — . and vapours on solids. Quincke, G, 

J. de Ps. 84 (1817) 88-. Pogg. A. 108 (1859) 826-. 
gaaes by oaoutohonc. HUfner, G, k, vapours on solids. Magnus, G, A. Ps. 

Ps. C. 34 (1888) 1-. C. 121 (1864) 174-. 
. Kayser, H. A. Ps. C. 48 Gases contained in steel. Anon, Oestr. Z. 

(1891) 544-. Bigw. 32 (1884) 887-, 409-. 424-. 
charcoal. Hasselt, A . van, (xn) — , permanent, nxed by moist glass surfaces. 

Mbl. Nt 6 (1876) 111-. Mehlhom, F. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1898) 128-. 
. 5iiii(^, R, A. B. S. P. 28 Occlusion of gases by coke. Storer, F. H,, dt 

(1879) 822-. Lewis, D, S, Am. C. J. 4 (1882-88) 409-. 
— glass. Gdspdr, J, Orv.-Termt. metallic oxides. Richards, T, W,, 

Ets. (Termt, Szak) (1886) 61-. dt Rogers, E. F, Am. Ac. P. 28 (1898) 200-. 

51 d2 . 



0250 Occlusion of Oases 

Ooolusion of gases by metals. Odlingy W, 

[1867] R. I. P. 5 (1869) 169-. 
. Bote, E. Z, Ps. C. 84 (1900) 

701-. 
platinum black. Mond^ X., Ram' 

say, TT., dt Shieldt, J. Phil. Trans. (A) 190 

(1898) 129-. 
hydrogen by iron. Bellati, M., d Lu$- 

tana, S. Ven. I. At. (1888-89) 1321-. 
metals. Graham, T. R. S. P. 16 

(1868) 423- ; C. R. 66 (1868) 1014-. 
meteoric iron. Vranam, T, R. S. P. 

16 (1867) 602- ; C. R. 64 (1867) 1067-. 
— — — — nickel, resistance of nickel. 

Bellati, M., db Lussana, S. Ven. I. At. 

(1887-88) 1667-. 
and oxygen by palladiom. Mond, L., 

Ramsay, W., dt Shields, J, Phil. Trans. (A) 

191 (1898) 105-. 
' platinum black. Mond, L,, 

Ramsay, W., dt Shields, J. Phil. Trans. (A) 

186 (1896) 667-. 
— , phenomena. Schutzenberger, P, C. R. 98 

(1884) 1620-. 



0300 Capillarity. (See also 
Chemistry 7165.) 

(For Spheroidal State see 1840.) 

Leslie, John, Tilloch Ph. Mg. 14 (1802) 193-. 
Milan, — . J. de Ps. 64 (1802) 128-. 

Orsted, H. C. Kidb. Ov. (1819-20) 12-. 
Poisson, S. D. Magendie J. de PI. 6 (1826) 

861-. 
Emmett, J, B. Ph. Mg. 1 (1827) 116-, 832-. 
Magnus, G. Pogg. A. 10 (1827) 163-. 
Strong, T. Silliman J. 18 (1830) 70-. 
Clausen, T. Gruithuisen N. Analekt. 1 (1834) 

(Heft 2) 6-. 
Cooper, P. Thomson Ro. 4 (1836) 344-. 

Orsted, H. C. Kidb. Ov. (1840) 22-; Erdm. 

J. Pr. C. 23 (1841) 472-. 
Simon, — . C. R. 12 (1841) 892-; A. C. 32 

(1861) 6-. 

Orsted, H. C. A. C. 4 (1842) 379-. 

Mossotti, O. F. (VI Adds,) II Cim. 4 (1846) 

439-. 
Henry, J. Am. Ph. S. P. 4 (1847) 176-. 
Desains, E, [1862-66] C. R. 34 (1862)766-; 

A. C. 61 (1867) 386-. 
Wertheim, O. [1864] A. C. 63 (1861) 129-. 
Desains, E. C. R. 43 (1866) 1077-. 
Zantedeschi, F. Ven. At. (1866-66) 811-. 
Wertheim, Q. C. R. 44 (1867) 1022-. 
Osann, G. [1868] Wiirzb. Vh. 9 (1869) 44-. 

BHe, A. Brux. Mm. Coxxt, 4o, 30 (1861) 198 pp. 
Bash/orth, F, B. A. Rp. (1862) (pt. 2) 2-. 

Bide, t, [1862] (vn) Brux. Mm. Cour. 49, 32 

(1866) 17 pp. ; 33 (1867) 37 + 28 pp. 
Potter, R, Camb. Ph. S. P. 1 (1866) 21-. 

Roger, 6. C. R. 62 (1866) 184-, 848- ; 74 (1872) 

1610- ; 76 (1873) 816-. 
Tait, P. O. Edinb. R. S. P. 6 (1866) 693-. 



Capillarity 0300 

Menshrugghe, G, van der. Les Mondes 21 

(1869) 302-. 
Duelaux, E, J. de Ps. 1 (1872) 360-. 
Scholz, R. A. Ps. C. 148 (1873) 62-. 
Tait, P. G. [1873-76] (n) Edinb. R. S. P. 8 

(1876) 208-, 486. 
Spnng, W. Brux. Ac. BU. 41 (1876) 914-. 
Coutance, A, G, A. (xn) Brest S. Ac. Bll. 6 

(1880) 81-. 
Edtvds, {bdrd) L. (xn) Mag. Tud. Ak. Ets. 16 

e>. 2) (1882) 48. 
, J, T. Ph. Mg. 16 (1883) 191-. 
Worthington, A, M. [1886] Birm. Ph. S. P. 6 

(1886-87) 83-. 
Thomson, (Sir) W. [1886] R. I. P. 11 (1887) 

483-. 
Nasse, O, Meokl. Yr. Nt. Arch. (1889) 

xvi-. 
Gossart, t, C. R. 113 (1891) 637-. 
Briggs, J, E, [1896] Jam. I. J. 2 (1899) 

212-. 
Menshrugghe, G, van der, [1900] So. Abs. 4 

(1901) 366. 
Absorption of gases, capillary. Bunsen, JR. W. 

A. Ps. G. 24 (1886) 321- ; 26 (1886) 680. 
Action of liquid on solid at short distance. 

Cintolesi, F, (xn) Rv. Sc.-Ind. 7 (1876) 

219-. 
Adhesion. Schwabe, H, Anhalt Vh. Nt. Yr. 

8 (1849) 10. 
— , apparent. Stefan, J, Wien Ak. Sb. 69 

(1874) (Ab. 2) 713-. 

— experiments. Ruhland, R, L, Schweigger 
J. 11 (1814) 146-. 

, use of lamp-black in. Geubel, H, K, (xn) 

Arch. Phm. 121 (1862) 111-. 
^» liquid. Link, H. F. GUbert A. 24 (1806) 

121- ; 26 (1807) 146-. 
— , — . Tomlinson, C. Ph. Mg. 33 (1867) 

401-. 

— between liquid and damp paper. Dapples, C. 
Laus. S. Yd. BU. 16 (1878) (PV,) 91-. 

— of liquids to mercury. Gore, G. Ph. Mg. 
26 (1863) 142-. 

solids. Bugge, T, Dn. Yd. Selsk. 

Skr. 2 (1801-02) {h€eft 2) 67-. 
. Luvini, G, Tor. At. Ac. Sc. 

6 (1869-70) 869-. 
— — , apparatus for determining. 

Krebs, G, A. Ps. C. 136 (1868) 144-. 
molecules of water amongst themselves. 

Rumford, B. [Count), Bb. Brit, 33 (1806) 

Air pressure in barometer-vacuum, Arago's 

method of determining, and influence of 

capillarity on measurement of pressure and 

temperature. Pemet, J. Berl, Ps. Os. Vh. 

(1886) 108-. 
Annulus, liquid, spontaneous segmentation. 

Worthington, A. M, [1879] R. S. P. 80 

(1880) 49-. 
Archimedes* principle, capillary modifioation. 

Mathieu, E, J. de Ps. 3 (1884) 86-. 
and capillary phenomena. MouUer, J, 

Par. S. Phlm. Bll. 11 (1874) 47. 
Ascent between concentric cylindrical tubes. 

Verschaffelt, J, Amst. Ak. Ys. 6 (1897) 176- ; 

J. de Ps. 9 (1900) 64. 



52 



0800 Capillarity 



Brownlan Movement or Pedesis 0300 



Ascent of ether, influence of temperature from 

its critical point to the boiling point of ethy- 
lene. Vriet^ E, C. de, Amst. Ak. Vs. [1] 

(1893) 156- ; Arch. N6erl. 28 (1895) 210-. 
liquefied gases. Verachaffeltt */. Amst. 

Ak. Vs. 4 (1896) 74- ; J. de Ps. 6 (1897) 444-. 
liquid carbon dioxide near critical point. 

Vertehaffelt, J. Amst. Ak. Vs. 5 (1897) 94- ; 

J. de Ps. 6 (1897) 445-. 
liquids near critical point. Eldiky A . van, 

[1897] Amst. Ak. Vs. 6 (1898) 18-, 74- ; J. 

de Ps. 7 (1898) 159-. 
in narrow spaces. Decharme, C, J, 

(xn) M..et.L. S. Ac. Mm. 32 (1875) 1-; 

(ix) C. R. 80 (1875) 1261-. 
tubes. Decharme, C. J. [1872-73] 

(xn) M..et-L. 8. Ac. Mm. 28 (1873) 12^; 

M C. R. 74 (1872) 936- ; 77 (1873) 591-. 
. RoUi, A, (XL) N. Cim, 7*8 

(1872) 181-. 
. Mathieu, E, J. de Ps. 3 (1884) 

82-. 
and porous bodies. Decharme^ 

C. J. [1873] (xn) M.-et-L. 8. Ac. Mm. 30 

(1874) 7-; (vn) C. R. 77 (1873) 998-, 

1157-. 
salt solutions in tubes. GoUUteint M, J, 

Rs. Ps.-C. 8. J. 20 (C.) (1888) 408- ; G. 8. J. 

56 (Ah$.) (1889) 205- ; Z. Ps. C. 5 (1890) 

233-. 

— — solutions In tubes. Goldstein^ Af., d^ 
Danukij, A. Rs. Ps.-G. 8. J. 16 (C.) (1884) 
642-; C. 8. J. 48 (1885) 115-. 

^ relation to their concentration. 

Kazankin, N. Rs. Ps.-C. 8. J. 23 (Pa.) (1891) 

122- ; J. de Ps. 1 (1892) 133. 
water and alconol, experiments. Noackt 

K. Giessen Oberh. Gs. B. 19 (1880) 118-. 
— depression of mercury in tubes. 

mde, i. [1852] Brux. Mm. Cour. 4°, 25 

(1851-53) 25 pp. 
in long and short tubes. Hdllstr'dm, 

G. G, Gilbert A. 14 (1803) 425-. 
between 2 parallel plates. Desains, 

E. C. R. 45 (1857) 225-. 
parallel plates, agreement of theory 

and experiment. Quel, —, C. R. 98 (1884) 

87-. 
Attraction, apparent, between wetted solids. 

Girard, P. S, A. C. 29 (1825) 260-. 
— , molecular, in capillary spaces. Becquerel, 

A,C, C. R. 76 (1873) 1037-. 
— , — , of liquids upon one another. Volkmann, 

P. A. Ps. C. 16 (1882) 321-. 
— , — , and motion of liquids. Belli, G, Bru- 

gnatelli G. 2 (1819) 232-. 

— between 2 parallel plates. Preobraienskij, 
P. V, [1894] Rec. Mth. (Moscou) 17 (1895) 
494-; Fschr. Ps. (1895) (Ah. 1) 434. 

— and repulsion. Percival, T. [1784] Manch. 
Ph. 8. Mm. 2 (1789) 429-. 

. WaU, M, [1785] Manch. Ph. 8. 

Blm. 2 (1789) 455-. 
. [Bennet, A. non] Percival, T. [1786] 

Bdanch. Ph. 8. Mm. 3 (1790) 11&-. 
^ , apparent, between bodies floating on 

or immersed in liquids. Monge^G. Nicholson 

J. 8 (1800) 269-. 



Attraction and repulsion of 2 bodies dipping in 
liquid. OberbecX A, Halle Nf. Gs. B. (1880) 
17-. 

— of surfaces. Carradori, G. [1808] Mod. 
Mm. 8. It. 12 (1805) (pU. 2) 89- ; 15 (1811) 
126*. 

or adhesion. CartadoH, G. (vi Add».) 

A. C. 35 (1800) 87- ; (i) Mod. Mm. 8. It. 11 

(1804) 75-. 
not to be confounded with adhesion of 

capillary tubes. CarrndoH, G, Brugnatelli 

G. 3 (1810) 373-. 
, may it be considered a repulsion? 

Carradori, G. Brugnatelli G. 8 (1815) 

116-. 
Attractions and repulsions. Kurz, A. Exner 

Rpm. 21 (1885) 518- ; 27 (1891) 60-. 
, apparent, between suspended particles. 

Fuchs, C. Exner Rpm. 25 (1889) 735-. 
, problem. Marangoni, C. Rm. R. 

Ac. Line. Rd. 4 (1888) {Sem, 1) 339-. 
Boundary layer between 2 liquids, molecular 

theory. FucJu, K. Exner Rpm. 24 (1888) 

614-. 
, motion of suspended particles 

in. Fuehi, K. Exner Rpm. 26 (1890) 42-. 

— layers, thickness. Vincent, G, Par. 8. Ps. 
8^. (1900) 15- ; A. C. 19 (1900) 421-. 

Bounding surface of liquid, form. Laroque, F. 
Toul. Mm. Ac. 2 (1870) 377-. 

BROWNIAN MOVEMENT OR PEDESIS. 

Brown, Rbt, Edinb. N. Ph. J. 5 (1828) 358-. 
BrewHer, (Sir) D. [1828] Edinb. J. 8c. 10 

(1829) 215-. 
Brown, Rbt. Edinb. J. 8o. 1 (1829) 314-. 
Muncke, G. W. Pogg. A. 17 (1829) 159-. 
Marx, C. M. 8chweigger J. 61 ( = J5. 1) (1831) 

121-. 
Exner, S. V^ien 8b. 56 (1867) {Ab. 2) 116-. 
Dancer, J. B. Manch. Lt. Ph. 8. P. 7 (1868) 

162-. 
Budde, E. Bonn SB. Niedr. Gs. 27 (1870) 

10&-. 
Jevons, W. S. Manch. Lt. Ph. 8. P. 9 (1870) 

78-. 
Stodder, C. M. Mcr. J. 5 (1871) 81-. 
Jevom, W. S. J. 8c. 8 (1878) 167-. 
Ca»»e, — . [1880] Brux. 8. Big. Mcr. Bll. 6 

(♦1882) xxxvi-. 
Raimay, W. (xn) Bristol Nt. 8. P. 3 (1882) 

299-. 
Gouy, — . J. de Ps. 7 (1888) 561-. 
Cantoni, G. MU. I. Lomb. Rd. 22 (1889) 152-; 

Rm. R. Ac. Line. Rd. 5 (1889) (Sem. l) 137-. 
Malt^zos, C. A. C. 1 (1894) 559- ; G. R. 121 

(1895)303-. 
Quincke, G. D. Nf. Vh. (1898) (Th. 2, Hdlfte 

1)26-. 
Exner, F. M. A. Ps. 2 (1900) 843-. 
and affinity Cantoni, G. Mil. I. Lomb. Rd. 

1 (1868) 56-; N. Gim. 27 (♦1868) 156-. 
caused by diffusion. Katz, J. Z. Ws. Mkr. 16 

(1899) 431-. 
causes. Ord, W. M. Mcr. 8. J. 2 (1879) 656-. 
— . Gouy, — . G. R. 109 (1889) 102-. 



53 



0300 Bubbles 

explanation. Hartley, W. N. M. Mor. J. 18 

(1877) 8-. 
in mineraU. BakeweU, R. Kg. NH. 2 (1829) 

1-. 
of pollen granules. Unger, F. Flora 15 (1882) 

713— "" 

— soap. Jevons, W, S. J. So. 8 (1878) 614-. 

— tarry substances precipitated from alcoholic 
solutions. Weber, E. H, Leip. B. (1854) 
57-. 

thermodynamic origin. DeUaulx,J, M. Mcr. 
J. 18 (1877) 1-. 

BUBBLES. 

Outhrie, Fred. B. S. P. 14 (1866) 22-. 
Marangoni, C, db SUfaneUi, P. (x) N. Cim. 

7*8 (1872) 301- ; 9 (1878) 286-. 
air-pressure m interior. K&nig, Ar, [1883] 

(xn) Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. 2 (1884) 52-. 
ascent in vertical tube. TrouUm, F, T. B. A. 

Bp. (1892) 645. 
attraction and repulsion by heat. Hartley, 

W. N. [1877] B. S. P. 26 (1878) 137-. 
in cylindrical tubes filled with liquids. Melde, 

F. Pogg. A. 118 (1863) 155-. 

— — , experiments. Melde, F, 

[1869] Marb. Schr. 9 (1872) 167-, 275-. 

, method of observing. Melde, 

F. A. Ps. C. 124 (1866) 87-. 
and foam, formation, protoplasmic phenomena. 

Quincke, G. [1889] A. Ps. G. 63 (1894) 693-. 
formation, particular mode. Minary, — , c^ 

Sire, — . C. B. 65 (1862J 616-. 
gas and air, formation, ana forces connected 

therewith. Schr'dder, H. [1868] A. Ps. 0. 

137 (1869) 76- ; {Erg, Bd.) 6 (1871) 87-. 
on liquid surfaces, nature and formation. 

Virey, J, J, Bll. Phm. 6 (1814) 399-. 
in liquids. Laroque, F. C. B. 66 (1867) 796- ; 

Toul. Mm. Ac. 2 (1870) 267-. 
, form and motion. Thiremin, F. Crelle . 

J. 5 (1829) 93-, 374-. 
, . PUgani, O. M, Crelle J. 11 

(1884) 384-. 
minute. vibration. Hartley, W.N. [1877] B. 

S. P. 26 (1878) 160-. 
motion in levels and in liquid enclosed in 

minerals. Meruhrugghe, O. van der. Brux. 

Ac. Bll. 44 (1877) 356-. 
sensitive level. Wagner, A. [1867] St. 

P^t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 12 (1868) 231-. 
resistance in capillary tubes. Toscanit C. N. 

Cim. 16 (1862) 325-. 
soap- (note on an inequality). Tait, P. G. [1868] 

Edinb. B. 8. P. 6 (1869) 29^-. 
— . Darge, O. A. Ps. 1 (1900) 1-. 
— , experiments. Henry, J. Silliman J. 48 

(1845) 215-. 
— , — . Broughton, J. Intell. Obs. 8 (1866) 

358-. 
— , — . Boys, C. V. L. Ps. S. P. 9 (1888) 

189- ; Ph. Mg. 25 (1888) 409-. 
— , formation. Quincke, G. B. A. Bp. (1894) 

475-. 
— , nature. Willigen, V, S. M. van der. Utr. 

Aant. Prv. Gn. (1856-67) 7- ; Pogg. A. 102 

(1857) 629-. 

54 



Capillarity 0300 

soap-, particular kind. PlaUau, F. Brux. Bll. 

Ac. 13 (1862) 286-. 
— , pressure. Benndorf, H. Wien Ak. Sb. 104 

(1895) (Ah. 2a) 796-. 
— , properties. Broughton, J. Ph. Big. 31 

(1866) 228-. 
— , theory of bursting. Menshrugghe, — van 

der. Brux. 8. So. A. 21 (1897) {Pt. 1) 25-. 
— , and thin films, and repulsive force of atten- 
uated matter. Fueinieri, A. A. Sc. Lomb. 

Ven. 13 (1844) 213-. 
— , use of resinous soap. Ixam, — . C. B. 116 

(1892) 878-. 
of spirit level, effect of vibration. Mallock, A 

Nt. 60 (1899) 616-. 
in water. TyndaU,J, B. A. Bp. (1851) (p«. 2> 

, formation by rain. Tomlingon, C. Sym. 

Met. Mg. 19 (1884) 109-. 



'* Capillarity,'* curious passages from forgotten 
book (**Philosophia Magnetica" of Nioolaa 
Cabeus, 1629). Thirion, J. Bv. Quest. So. 
34 (1898) 663-. 

Capillarity and dififusion. Gregorio, A. de, 
Palermo Ac. At. 3 (1895) (Sc. Nt.) 27(l4?r)-. 

— — dyeing solutions, absorption axialysis. 
Nasse, 0. [1889] Z. Ws. Mkr. 7 (1890) 350-. 

— , is it an electrical phenomenon? Draper,, 
J. W. Ph. Mg. 26 (1845) 185-. 

— and electricity. Lippmann, G, A. Ps. C* 
149 (1873) 546- ; C. B. 76 (1873) 1407-. 

endosmosis. Bhde, ]&. [1861] Brux. 

Mm. Cour. 4"", 81 (1863) 21 pp. 

— of fused sulphur. Pisati, G. Palermo G. 
Sc. Nt. 12 (1877) (Pt. 1) 33-. 

— , identification witn chemical force. Draper ^ 
J. W. Am. J. Md. Sc. 21 (1837) 289-. 

— and latent heat. Water$ton, J. J. Ph. 
Mg. 15 (1868) 1-. 

— in microscopically narrow tubes. Lehrruinn, 
0. Z. Kr. 12 (1887) 404-. 

— of mixed liquids. Gerstmann, — . D. Nf. 
Tbl. (1886) 409-. 

— -^ salt solutions. Buligintky, A. A. Ps. 
C. 134 (1868) 440-. 

Capillary action of fluids, difficulties in investi- 
gation. Aletes (Pseud.), (vi Adds,) Nichol- 
son J. 18 (1807) 1-, 260-. 

, peculiar forms. Tate, T. Ph. Mg. 21 

(1861) 264-. 

under reduced air pressure. Ndgeli, C. 

MUnch. Sb. (1866) (I.) 353-, 473-. 

on Jamin's chain. Steinbrinekp 

C. D. Bt. Gs. B. 12 (1894) 120- . 

— affinities. Chevreul, M. E. C. B. 68 (1866) 
61- ; Par. Ac. Sc. Mm. 36 (1870) 8- ; C. B. 
83 (1876) 682-. 

— analysis. GoppelsrHder, — . Humb. 8 (1889) 
113. 

of alcohols, etc. Gossart, A. C. B. 113 

(1891) 637-; 116 (1893) 797-. 

— attraction as an aiiditive property in organic 
liquids. lkeda,K. Tok. Coll. So. J. 3 (1890) 
241-. 

and molecular forces. ChaXUs, J. Ph. 

Mg. 8 (1886) 89-. 



0800 Cmpillary Constants 

Capillary attraction, nature. Draper, J. W, 
Franklin I. J. U (1834) 147-. 

— balance. Lang, V. von, [1882] Wien Ak. 
Sb. 86 (1888) (Ah. 2) 1060-. 

CAPILLARY CONSTANTS. 

L'HermiU, — J. Phm. 27 (1841) 105-. 
PineherU, 8. N. Cim. 14 (1876) 17-. 
Trat^, J. J. Pr. C. 34 (1886) 292-, 615-. 
Cantor, M. A. Ps. C. 47 (1892) 899-. 
(Cantor.) Lohmtein, T. A. Ps. C. 48 (1893) 

207-. 
of alcohol. WUh^lmy,L. Pogg. A. 119 (1863) 

177-. 

— ammonium and lithium chloride solutions. 
Cane$tHni, E. Bv. Sc.-lnd. [24 (1892)] 
33-. 

— aqueous and alcoholic solutions. Trauhe, J. 
J. Pr. C. 81 (1886) 177-. 

solutions. KazanHn, N. Bs. Ps.-C. S. 

J. 23 (P$.) (1891) 468- ; J. de Ps. 1 (1892) 

406. 
at boiling point. Sehiff, R. Berl. B. 16 (1882) 

2966-; Bm. B. Ac. Line. Mm. 18 (1883) 

449-. 
1. Wiedemann, E. Lieb. A. 225 (1884) 

263-. 
(SchifF). Volkmann,P. Lieb. A. 228 

(1886) 96-. 
(Yolkmann). Schif, R. Lieb. A. 

229 (1886) 199-. 
calculation from measurements of drops of 

medium size. Lohnstein, T. A. Ps. C. 

64 (1896) 713-. 
and cohesion, empirical formulas. Bartoli, A. 

Bm. B. Ac. Line. T. 8 (1884) 340-, 369-. 
of liquids. Quincke, O. A. Ps. C. 61 

(1897) 267-. 
— - contact angle determined by measurement of 

drops. Katterin, N. P. Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 26 

{Pt.) (1893) 203- ; Fschr. Ps. (1893) (Ah. 1) 

ill-. 
determination. Quincke, Q. A. Ps. C. 27 (1886) 

219-. 

— (Quincke). Volkmann, P. A. Ps. C. 28 
(1886) 13^. 

— . Sieg, E. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1887) 117-. 

— by frozen drops. GradenwiU, A. A. Ps. G. 
67 (1899) 467-. 

— , Oay-Lussac's method. PiUikov, N. Bs. 

P8..C. S. J. 20 {Pa.) (1888) 83- ; J. de Ps. 8 

(1889) 638-. 
-^ by neight of drops. HeydweiUer, A. A. 

Ps. C. 66 (1898) 311-. 
— , J&ger*s method. BHuchanov^ A, Kazan 

8. P8..Mth. BU. 7 (1898) 203-. 
of haloids, determination. Tru8evUi,A. [1889] 

Vars. S. Nt. Tr. (1889-90) (C. R,, P». C.) No. 

6.6-. 

— homologous series, influence of tempera- 
ture; surface tension of undercooled liquids. 
Hock, J. Wien Ak. Sb. 108 (1899) (Ah. 2a) 
1616-. 

influence of temperature. Timberg, G. A. Ps. 

C. 80 (1887) 646-. 
— , theoretical deductions. JHger, O. 

Wien Ak. Sb. 100 (1891) (Ah. 2a) 246-. 



Capillarity 0300 

of liquefied gases, determination by ripple 

method. Grunmach, L. Berl. Ak. Sb. 

(1900) 829-. 
^ liquids wetting vessel, influence of curvature. 

Volkmann, P. A. Ps. C. 11 (1880) 177- ; 63 

(1894) 664-. 

— melted bodies. Quincke, G. A. Ps. C. 136 
(1868) 621-. 

chemical substances. Quincke, G. A. 

Ps. C. 138 (1869) 141-. 
metals. Stedentopf, H. A. Ps. C. 61 

(1897) 236-. 

— mercury. Quincke, G. Pogg. A. 106 (1868) 
1-. 

. Lippmann, G. Par. S.Ps. S4. (1886)174. 

— — , influence of temperature. Jdger, G. 
Wien Ak. Sb. 101 (1892) (Ah. 2a) 964-. 

— non-aqueous solutions. Jdger, G. Wien 
Ak. Sb. 101 (1892) (Ah. 2a) 168-. 

— organic substances in aqueous solution. 
Trauhe, J. [1890] Lieb. A. 266 (1891) 27-. 

— salt solutions. Chervet, A. C. B. 101 
(1886) 236-. 

. Kcuankin, N. P. Kazan S. Ps.- 

Mth. BU. 1 (1891) (Prot.) 66. 

— salts at their melting point. Traube, J. 
Beri. B. 24 (1891) 3074-. 

— soapy water and other liquids. Kurz, A. 
Ezner Bpm. 20 (1884) 469-. 

— soUds. Quincke, G. [1868] Berl. Mb. (1869) 
132-. 

variation. Marangoni, C. Bm. B. Ac. Lino. 

Bd. 2 (1886) (Sem. 2) 224-; J. de Ps. 2 

(1893) 68-. 
of water, influence of temperature. Timberg, G. 

Stockh. Ak. Hndl. Bh. 16 (Afd. 1) (1891) 

No. 11, 39 pp. 
at various temperatures. Canestrini, E. 

Bv. Sc.-Ind. 23 (1891) 66-, 79-, 94-, 141-. 
a, direct deduction as a surface tension. 

HuUhof, H. Amst. Ak. Vs. 8 (1900) 432-, 

666; Amst. Ak. P. 2 (1900) 389-. 



Capillary curve. Lehot, C. J. Bb. Brit. 68 
(1816) 78-. 

— equivalents of elements and constants of 
organic substances. Sehiff, R. Bm. B. Ac. 
Lino. Mm. 19 (1884) 388-. 

— force, distensive, and its e£fects. Marangoni, 
C. Bm. B. Ac. Lino. Bd. 6 (1889) (Sem. d) 
268-. 

, instability of cylinder of viscous liquid 

under. Rayletgh, (Lord). Ph. Mg. 34 (1892) 
146-, 177-. 

, oscillations of liquid spheroid under. 

Julius, V. A. Amst. Ak. Vs. Md. 6 (1889) 
139- ; Arch. N^ri. 23 (1889) 72-. 

— functions, deduction. Fuche, K. Wien Ak. 
Sb. 98 ri890) (Ah. 2a) 1362-. 

— multiplier. WorthingUm, A. M. L. Ps. S. 
P. 6 (1886) 361- ; Ph. Mg. 19 (1886) 43-. 

— phenomena, application of thermodynamics. 

Duhem, P. Par. 6c. Norm. A. 2 (1886) 207-. 
, Van der Waals*s equation. Janet, P. 

J. de Ps. 6 (1886) 328-. 
of chloroform and other liquids. Swan^ TF, 

Ph. Mg. 33 (1848) 36-. 



55 



D300 Capillarity 

Oapillaiy phenomena of chloroform, solphide 

of carbon and other liqoids. Wilson, O. 

[1848] C. S. J. 1 (1849) 174-. 
at common soruioe of 2 liqoids. Quineke, 

O. [1869] A. Ps. C. 139 (1870) 1-. 
, explanation, new. Tardy de la Brouyt — . 

Bb. Brit. 37 (1808) 1-. 
in narrow glass tabes. MMe, F. A. 

Ps. C. 32 (1887) 659-. 

— phenomenon. Campanile, F. N. Cim. 3 
(1896) 336-. 

, curious. mU, S, A. Nt. 36 (1887) 125. 

observed by Dr. Toung. MoisoUi, 0. F. 

Bb. It. 98 (1840) 365-. 

— properties of solutions. Ooldttein, M. J, 
€. Ztg. 14 (1890) 126. 

— surfaces. Felict, R, N. Cim. 23-24 (•1865- 
66) 151-. 

. PineherU, S. N. Cim. 12 (1874) 19-. 

. PoUmi, Q. Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 12 

(1879) 891-. 
. Brunei t — . Bordeaux S. Sc. Mm. 3 

(1893) xlii-. 
Carbon and water figures. Petrie, W, M. F. 

Nt. 21 (1880) 225-. 
Chemical reactions, dead space in. Fucht, K, 

Exner Bpm. 25 (1889) 255-. 
Chemically clean surfaces, effects. Tomlinson, 

C. Ph. Mg. 36 (1868) 241- ; C. S. J. 7 

(1869) 125-. 

COHESION. 

Moseley, H. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 54 (1819) 81-. 
^hUlips, R. Chemist 4 (1843) 205-. 
Dana, J. D. Silliman J. 4 (1847) 364-. 
Siguin, — (ainS). C. B. 37 (1853) 703-. 
West, G. Par. S. C. BU. 21 (1874) 483-. 
and cohesion figures. Aekroyd, W, C. N. 54 

(1886)58-. 
cohesion figures of liquids. TomUnton, C. 

Ph. Mg. 22 (1861) 249-; 23 (1862) 186- ; 27 

(1864) 425-; 28 (1864) 354-; Phm. J. 5 

(1864) 495-. 
. WHght, T, S. [1864] Edinb. 

Sc. S. Arts P. 7 (1868) 7-. 
(Tomlinson). Skey, W. [1878] 

N. Z. I. T. 11 (1879) 490-. 
, new kind. Bezold, W. van. Miinch. 

Ak. Sb. 14 (1885) 355-. 
A consequence of the Newtonian attraction. 

Siguin, — (a%n4). Moigno Cosmos 20 (1862) 

117-. 
of copper, iron, nickel and cobalt. Herzfeld, R» 

A. Ps. C. 62 (1897) 450-. 
law. Benzenberg, J. F. Gilbert A. 16 (1804) 

76-. 
laws and nature. Feteenden, R, A. C. N. 66 

(1892) 206-, 217- ; 68 (1893) 204-. 
of liquids. Coulomb, C. A. Par. Mm. de PI. 

3 (1800) 246-. 
. Young, (Dr.) T. [1804] PhU. Trans. 

(1805) 74-. 
— — . Frankenheim, M. L. Pogg. A. 37 

(1836) 409-. 

. Kopp, H. Lieb. A. 35 (1840) 280-. 

. Mottotti, 0. F. (n Addt.) H Cim. 4 

(1846) 439-. 



Cohesion 0300 

of liquids. Brunner vonWaUenwyU,C. [1847] 
Sch. Os. N. D. 10 (1849) 45 pp. 

. Hunt, E. B. Am. As. P. (1853) 8-. 

(some organic). Menddejeff, D. C. B. 

50 (1860) 52-. 

. Wiedemann, E. E. G. A. Ps. C. 17 

(1882) 987-. 
. HelmhoUz, H. von. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. 

(1887) 16-. 
, and adhesion to solids. Danny, F. 

[1843] Brux. Mm. Cour. 4^ 17 (1843-44) 

24 pp. 

— — , Coulomb's method of determining. 
Maritz, A. [1845] St. P^t. Ac. So. BU. 5 

(1847) 343-. 

, determination. Hannay, J, B. [1877] 

Edinb. B. S. T. 28 (1879) 697-. 

— — , experiments. Schwedof, T. Par. S. 
. Ps. S4. (1889) 134-, 186-. 

, inflaence of magnetism. Brunner von 

WattmwyU, C. Bern Mt. (1849) 106-. 

, internal. Reynolds, O. Biajich. Lt. Ph. 

S. P. 17 (1878) 159-. 

, laws. TaU, T. Ph. Mg. 18 (1859) 335-. 

— — , and molecular cohesion in chemical 
reactions of bodies. Mendelejeff", D, C. B. 

51 (1860) 97-. 

solids. Frankenheim, M. L. Oken 

Isis (1834) 587-. 
, theory. Whiting, H. Am. Ac. P. 

19 (1884) 353-. 

— — , superficial, theory.. Grameka, I. S. 
[1878] (xn) Bee. Mth. (Moscou) 9 (187a-81) 
{Pt. 1) 435-. 

, and temperature. Brunner von Watten- 

wyll, C. Berl. B. (1846) 181-. 
, . Frankenheim, M, L. Pogg. A. 

72 (1847) 177-. 
, . KasUrin, N. P. Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 

25 (Ps.) (1893) 51-; J. de Ps. 3 (1894) 
234-. 

modifications. Addison, W. B. S. P. 5 (1845) 

560. 
nature and chemical importance. Mahr, C. F. 

Lieb. A. 196 (1879) 183-. 
and relationship to magnetism. Ritter, J, W, 

Gilbert A. 4 (1800) 1-. 
of salt solutions. Schidze, F. D. Nf. Tbl. 

(•1872) 122-. 
. Quincke, G. H. [1876] A. Ps. C. 

160 (1877) 337-, 560-. 
. Volkmann, P. A. Ps. C. 17 (1882) 

353-; 53 (1894) 664-. 

— semi-liquid body. Bawen, H. C. Sch. 
Mines Q. N. Y. 10 (1888) 297-. 

in snow crystal. Dana, J. D. Silliman J. 5 

(1848) 100-. 

and submersion figures. Tomlinson, C. C. N. 
55 (1887) 1-. 

— surface tension of solidifying gold. Heyd- 
weiUer, A. A. Ps. C. 62 (1897) 694-. 

theory. Schmidt, G. G. Miinoh. D. (1808) 

279-. 
of water. Carradori, G. Brugnatelli G. 1 

(1808) 467-. 

— — , experiments. Rvmford, B, (Count). 
[1806] Par. Mm. de PI. (1807) (Sem. 2) 97-. 

,_. Bellavitu,G. Ven. At. 6 (1847) 86-. 



56 



0300 Capillarily 

of water at varioos temperatures. Lowe, W, B. 
Biigby NH. S. Bp. (1873) 15-. 

— zinc chloride sotations. Sreznevskii, B, I, 
(xn) Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. IS IPs.) (1881) [{Pt. 1)] 
i42-; (n) A. Ps. C. Beibl. 6 (1882) 277-. 



Condensation of liquids on solids. Wiedemann, 

E. E. O, A. Ps. C. 17 (1882) 988-. 
^ — water vapour in capillary spaces. Mens- 

brugghe, O, van der, Bruz. Ac. Bll. 19 

(1890) 101-. 
porous bodies. Knop, W, (vin) 

C. CB. 7 (1862) 545-. 
— , especially soil. Knop, W, 

Dresden Lndw. Y.-St. 6 (1864) 281-. 
€!ondensation-producing atmospheric dust, 

absorption by solid nuclei and surfaces, and 

diffusion velocity of supposedly non-ionised 

dust. Barui, C. Science 11 (1900) 201-. 
Condensed water on glass, amount and cause. 

Warburg, E,, <t Ihmori, T. A. Ps. 0. 27 

(1886)481-. 
Constitution of liquids, dependence of capillarity 

on. Wilhelmy, L. [1863] (vra) A. Ps. C. 

121 (1864) 44- ; 122 (1864) 1-. 
, experiments. Merubrugghe, O. van 

der. Brux. S. Sc. A. 20 (1896) {Pt. 1) 22-, 

65-. 
and solids, important analogy. Ment- 

^^rugghe, O. van der, Brux. S. Sc. A. 19 

(1895) {Pt. I) 8-. 

— and molecular weight, capillary phenomena 
in relation to. Traube, J. Berl. B. 17 
(1884) 2294-. 

Contact angle. Mensbrugghe, — van der. 

Brux. S. Sc. A. 21 (1897) {Pt. 1) 85-. 
between liquid and solia wall. Moutier, J. 

C. R. 70 (1870) 612-. 
of liquid which does not wet glass. 

MaltSzos, C. C. R. 114 (1892) 977-. 
liquids with other liquids. Fucht, K. 

A. Ps. C. 29 (1886) 140-. 
and solids. Magie, W. F. Ph. 

Mg. 26 (1888) 162-. 
, molecular theory. Fuchs, K. Exner 

Rpm. 26 (1890) 419-. 
, and spreading of liquids over solids. 

Quincke, O. H. A. Ps. C. 2 (1877) 145-. 

— of liquids with other liquids, movements 
produced by. Drapamaud, J. P. R, A. C. 
47 (1803) 303-. 

— — — of very different surface tension, 
phenomena observed. Mensbrugghe, O. van 
der. Brux. Ac. Bll. 33 (1872) 223-. 

2 liquids, theory of phenomena observed. 

Moutier, J. Par. 6c. Norm. A. 3 (1874) 69-. 

— movements, and explanation. Prevost, B., 
<t Prevost, P. Gen. Mm. S. Ps. 3 (1826) 
{pU. 2) 97-. 

myelin forms. Lehmann, 0. A. Ps. 

C. 56 (1895) 771-. 

— surface of liquid and solid, effects of mdle- 
colar forces. Mentbrugghe, O. van der. 
Brux. Ac. Bll. 13 (1887) 11-. 

— — , properties. Mentbrugghe, O. 

van der. Brux. Ac. BU. 40 (1875) 341- ; 16 
(1888) 695-; 17 (1889) 518-. 



Drops 0300 

Contact surface of 2 liquids having mutual 

attraction. Mentbrugghe, O. van der. C. R. 

Ill (1890) 169- ; Brux. Ac. Bl!. 20 (1890) 

32-, 253-; 21 (1891) 420-. 
Curvature, influence. lUtal, H. N. A. Mth. 

12 (1873) 78-. 
Density variations near surface of Uquid. 

Monti, V. Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 31 (1895) 150- 

or 194-. 

DROPS. 

Quthrie, Fred. R. S. P. 13 (1864) 444-. 

of alcohol, movementon sideof glass. Oottart, E. 

Rv. Sc. 49 (1892) 513-. 
breaking up of liquid streams into, theory. 

Fucht, K. Exner Rpm. 27 (1891) 109-. 
equilibrium between 2 horizontal plates. 

Bottcha, J. Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 9 (1876) 

259-; Arch. N6erl. 11 (1876) 467-. 
experiments. Gand, &. Les Mondes 24 (1871) 

674-. 
falling, oscillations. Lenard, P. A. Ps. C. 

30 (1887) 209-. . , 

— , shape at moment of detachment. Mathieu, E. 

J. de Ps. 3 (1884) 203-. 
floating on surface of water. Reynoldt, 0. 

[1881] Manch. Lt. Ph. S. P. 21 (1882) 1-. 
formation. Seezen, E. L. Riga Cor.-Bl. 17 

(1868) 37-. 
— . Duelaux,E. C. R. 70 (1870) 933-. 
— . Bo88cha,J. [1871] (xn) Amst. Ak. Wet. 

P. (1871-72) (No. 5) 2-. 
— . K'nnig, W. Frkf. a. M. Ps. Vr. Jbr. 

(1892-93) 26. 

— and efflux in electric and magnetic fields. 
Umov, N. A. Mosc. S. Sc. Bll. 92 {No. 2) 
(1896) 1- ; Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 2 (1896) 524-. 

*halbbegrenzte.' Lehmann, 0. A. Ps. C. 43 

(1891) 516-. 
instrument for counting. Lebaigue, E.J. Phm. 

7 (1868) 246-. 
instruments for counting, and conditions of 

flow of liquid by. Lebaigue, E. J. Phm. 7 

(1868) 81-. 
on liquid surfaces. Bizio, B. Brugnatelli G. 

1 (1818) 279-. 

. cima, A. N. Cim. 3 (1856) 386-. 

(Cima). Buio, B. N. Cim. 4 (1856) 

105-. 
. Cintoleti, F. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 60 

(1877) 369-. 
of mercury, chemotropic behaviour. Bernstein, 

J. Pfliig. Arch. PI. 80 (1900) 628-. 
, resistance in capillaiy tubes. Totcani, C. 

N. Cim. 18 (1863) 226-. 

— molten metals, certain regularities in weight. 
Thadd€eff, K. Berl. B. 28 (1895) 195-. 

, . Traube, J. Berl. B. 

28 (1895) 419. 

— oil, motion in alkaline solution. Trouton, 
F. T. Nt. 48 (1893) 629. 

pendent. Worthington, A. M. R. S. P. 32 

(1881) 362-; L. Ps. S. P. 6 (1885) 355-; 

Ph. Mg. 19 (1885) 46-. 
rising in mass of denser liquid, deformation. 

Rital, H.A. C. R. 96 (1883) 822-. 
size under different circumstances. Tate, T. 

Ph. ^fe. 27 (1864) 176-. 



57 



0300 Drops 

size, dependence on external influenoes. 

Traube, /. Berl. B. 19 (1886) 1679-. 
— ; and other investigations in capillarity. 

Bayleigh, (Lord). Ph. Mg. 48 (1899) 821-. 
— , variations with interval between fall. 

Binnie, W, B. A. Bp. (1890) 731. 
on solid bodies, particularly on cylinders. 

LoiswiU, C. T. V. K. A. Ps. C. Ergdnz. 6 

(1874) 441-. 

— surface of ether, phenomena. Sire, O, 
C. B. 87 (1868) 857-. 

of water, fall. Lullin, T. [1894] Arch. So. 
Ps. Nt. 33 (1895) 252-. 

— — , travels and metamorphoses. Ment- 
hrugghe^ O. van der. Brux. Ac. Bll. 50 
(1880) 423-. 

weight, effect of rate of formation. Hannay, 
J. B, Edinb. B. S. P. 20 (1895) 437-. 

— , various liquids. Boynumd^ — . Humb. 8 
(1884) 343. 



Dust*figure8 and mercury-figures. Marx, C. M. 

Schweigger J. 54 (= J5. 24) (1828) 212-. 
Electricity, application to study of spontaneous 

motion of liquids. Decharme, C. Lum. 

Elect. 19 (1886) 289-, 341-, 395-, 449-. 
Equilibrium and motion of liquid under mutual 

action of molecules. Sltidskil, T. A. (xn) 

Bee. Mth. (Moscou) [1] (1866) (Suppl.) 20 pp. 
Evaporation and capillarity, relation between 

theories. Stefan, J. Wien Ak. Sb. 94 

(1887) (Ab. 2) 4-. 

— from curved surface. Winkelmann, A, A. 
Ps. C. 35 (1888) 401-. 

— of liquids, and theories of capillarity. Mens- 
hrugghe, G. van der, C. B. 121 (1895) 
461-. 

Evolution of gases or vapours, r61e of capillarity. 

Almeida, J. C. d\ C. B. 68 (1869) 442-, 

533-. 
Expansion and capillary temperature co- 
efficients. Kablukov, I, Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 

19 (C.) (1887) 178- ; 0. Ztg. 11 (1887) 477. 
Experimental physical communications. Seyf- 

fer, O. E. J. Wiirtb. Jh. 6 (1850) 198-. 
Experiments. Link, H. F. Pogg. A. 29 

(1833) 404- ; 31 (1834) 593-. 
— . Avogadro, A, Tor. Mm. Ac. (1838) 191-. 
— . Detains, E. A. C. 63 (1861) 447-. 
— . Minary, — . [1865] (xn) Doubs S. Mm. 

1 (1866) 32-. 
— . Lacouture, H, Les Mondes 11 (1866) 78-. 
— . DeUuil, — . Les Mondes 12 (1866) 302-. 
— . Obermayer, A, von, Wien So. 59 (1869) 

{Ab. 2) 207-. 
— . Lippmann, G, J. de Ps. 1 (1872) 396-. 
— . Gemez, D. [1873] P&r. S6. S. Ps. 1 

(1873-74) 57-. 
— . VioUe, J, J. de Ps. 4 (1875) 313-. 
— . Romilly, F, de. Par. S. Ps. S4. (1877) 

5-. 
— . Bmtgen, W, C. A. Ps. C. 3 (1878) 321-. 
— , curious. Mensbrugghe, G. van der. Brux. 

Ac. Bll. 17 (1889) 357-; 18 (1889) 64-. 

— with wire rings. Mensbrugghe, G, van der, 
Brux. Ac. Bll. 8 (1884) 179-. 

FUtration. Lezi, R, C, B. 116 (1893) 1440-. 



Heat of Moistening 0300 

Filtration of water through stone, new method. 

WUU, J, Edinb. N. Ph. J. 6 (1829) 

169-. 
Fissures, etc., effect. DlShereiner, J. W, A. 

C. 24 (1823) 332-. 
Float for experiments in capillarity. Mens- 

brugghe, G, van der, db Leconte, F. Brux. 

S. Sc. A. 16 (1892) {Pt, 1) 67-. 
Floating body, influence of capillarity. Duhem,. 

P. Par. 6c. Nonn. A. 12 (1896) 211-. 

— of metals and glass on water and other 
liquids. Mayer, A. M, Science 4 (1896) 
298-. 

needles on water. Pichard,A, Bb. Un. 

25 (1824) 273-. 
, explanation. Maittre, X. de. 

Bb. Un. 36 (1841) 192-. 
small bocties in fluids lighter than them- 

selves. Schaik, W, C, L, van, Bibl. Ni. 

(1887) 107- ; (1888) 29-; Fschr. Ps. (1888) 

(Ab, 1) 378-. 
Flow of gas along a thread. Gal, J. J. de Ps» 

5 (1896) 79-. 
Formula of Laplace, elementary proof. Lipp- 

mann, G, J. de Ps. 4 (1876) 332-. 
— , proof. Deguin, —, [1838] Toul. Mm. Ac, 

5 (1839) 143-. 
— , — . LSvy, L, N. A. Mth. 8 (1889) 111-. 
Globular form of liquids and gases. Meunier^ S, 

C. B. 67 (1863) 401-. 

— state of bodies. Bizio, G, Ven. At. 6 
(1847) 438-. 

Globules, liquid, conditions of equilibrium. 

MalUzos, C. C. B. 116 (1892) 717-. 
— , — , and formation. Maltizot, C. 

C. B. 116 (1892) 796-. 

HEAT DEVELOPED ON MOISTENING 
SOLIDS, POUILLETS PHENOMENON, 

PouiUet, C. S. M. A. C. 20 (1822) 141-. 
Fibrous substances. Cobbett, L. Camb. Ph. 

S. P. 10 (1900) 372-. 
Porous solios, heat developed by permeation of 

Uquids into. Cantoni, G, Mil. I. Lomb. 

Bd. 3 (1866) 135-. 
Powders. Meistner, F. A. Ps. C. 29 (1886) 

114-. 
— . Martini, T, Ven. I. At. (1896-97) 502-. 
— . Lagergren, S, [1898] Stockh. Ak. Hndl. 

Bh. 24 (Afd. 2) (1899) No, 6, 14 pp. 
— . Martini, T, Ven. I. At (1897-98) 927-. 
— . Ereolini, G, N. Cim. 9 (1899) 110-. 

— (Ereolini). Martini, T, N. Cim. 9 (1899) 

— (Martini). Ereolini, G. N. Cim. 9 (1899) 
446—. 

— (Ereolini). Martini, T. N. Cim. 10 (1899) 
42. 

— . Martini, T. Ven. I. At. (1899-1900) 

{Pt. 2) 615-. 
— . Bellati, M, Ven. I. At. (1899-1900) 

(Pt. 2) 931-. 



Height to which liquids may be heaped above 
edge of vessel. MendenhaU, T, C. Am. J. 
Sc. 6 (1873) 129-. 



58 



0800 



Liquid Films and Surfaces 



0300 



Hydrometers, influence of capillarity. Lang- 
berg, C. (vm) Ps. Mdd. (1858) 1-. 
— . . Jacohi, H, [1871] St. P6t. 

Ac. Sc. Mm. (Bm.) 20 (*1872) (App. No. 4) 

97 pp. ; St P6t. Ac. Sc. Mm. 17 (1872) {No, Sfj 

70 pp. 
— , . Duelaux, jS. J. de Ps. 1 (1872) 

197-. 
— . . Coulter, — . J. Phm. 28 (1876) 

176-. 
— , . Menibrugghe, O, van der. Bras. 

Ac. BU. 16 (1888) 81-. 
— , and pressure of air. Stamkart, 

F. J. Amst. Vs. Ak. 1 (1866) (Ntk,) 820- ; 

Arch. N6erl. 1 (1666) 355-. 
Hydrostatic pressure, negative. Meruhrugghe, 

Q. pander. Brux.Ac.B11.25(1898)865-,483-. 
Internal pressure in liquids. Tait, — . Edinb. 

R. S. P. 15 (1889) 426-. 
and gases. PuMcKLy C. Wien Ak. 

Sb. 100 (1891) (Ab. 2a) 994-. 
Isothermal distillation, pressure differences 

produced by. Reinganum, M. A. Ps. C. 59 

(1896) 764-. 

Jets, capillary phenomena. Rayleigh, (Lord). 

R. 8. P. 29 (1879) 71-. 
— of liquid, photography. Cohen, E. Rv. Sc. 

44 (1889) 252-. 
water, colliding. NewaU, JR. F. Ph. 

Bfg. 20 (1885) 31-. 
— , influence of electric field. Mens- 

brugghe, — van der. Brux. 8. Sc. A. 21 

(1897) (Pt. 1) 127-. 

, instantaneous photographs. Rayleigh, 

(Lord). B. A. Rp. (1890) 762. 

LIQUID FILMS. 

Sandhauss, K. F. J. A. Ps. C. 157 (1876) 

78—. 
Itacher, A. W. [1885] R. I. P. 11 (1887) 

248-. 
action of certain vapours on. TomUnton, C. 

Ph. Mg. 22 (1861) 111-, 
influence of electric current on thinning. 

Remold, A. W., db R&eker, A. W. L. Ps. S. 

P. 6 (1885) 357-; Ph. Mg. 19 (1885) 94-. 
lectors experiment. Weinmann, J. Basel Vh. 

9 (1893) 243-. 

Liquide Free from Action of Oravity. 

Plateau, J. A. F. Brux. Ac. Sc. Mm. 16 

(1843) 84 pp. ; 23 (1849) 150 pp. ; Pogg. A. 

80 (1850) 566- ; Brux. Ac. 8c. Mm. 80 (1857) 

56 pp.; 81 (1859) 52 pp.; 83 (1861) 46 + 63 

pp.; C. R. 58 (1861) 461- ; Brux. Ac. Sc. 

B^. 86 (1867) 66 pp. ; 87 (1869) 102 + 56 + 52 

+ 68+21 pp. 
Mouiier, J. Par. S. Phlm. BU. 12 (1875) 90-. 
Plateau, J.A.F. Brux. Ac. BU. 2 (1881) 8-; 

6 (1883) 704-. 
limiting rotation surfaces. Terquem, A. C. R. 

92 (1881) 407-. 
Flateao's experiments. Beer, A. Pogg. A. 

100 (1857) 459- ; 102 (1857) 320. 
. Schwdbe, H. Anhalt Vh. Nt. Vr. 18 

(1859) 10-. 



Plateau's experiments (new phenomena). 

Brewster, (Sir) D. Edinb. R. 8. T. 24 

(1867) 505-. 
(liquid for). BUtger, B. A. Ps. C. 140 

(1870) 660. 
. Anders, T. Riga Cor.-Bl. 83 (1890) 

7-. 

— — . Lindemann, — . Kdnigsb. Schr. 30 
(1890) (Sb.) 16-. 

— films (permanent). Thompson, 8. P. [1877] 
L. Ps. 8. P. 2 (1879) 209- ; Ph. !^. 5 (1878) 
269-. 

— systems. Terquem, A. Par. 8. Ps. 86. 
(1878) 115- ; C. R. 86 (1878) 1057-. 

motion, equUibrium and forms. Brewster, 

(Sir) D. [1868] Edinb. R. 8. T. 25 (1869) 

ill-, 
in motion, general property. Mensbrugghe, G. 

van der. Brux. Ac. BU. 1 (1881) 286-. 
motions. Brewster, (Sir) D. Edinb. R. 8. T. 

24 (1867) 653-. 
permanent, method of obtaining. Malagoli, B. 

N. Cim. 11 (1900) 851-. 
stability. Lamarle, E. [1864] Brux. Ac. Sc. 

Mm. 35 (1865) 104 pp. ; 36 (1867) 165 pp. 
— . Fuchs,K. Exner Rpm. 27 (1891) 715-. 
on surface of solids. Quincke, O. A. G. 28 

(1873) 286-. 
tension. Mensbrugghe, G. van der. Brux. Ac. 

BU. 22 (1866)308-; 23(1867)448-; C.R.64 

(1867) 281 ; 65 (1867) 41-. 
— . LUdtge, JR. A. Ps. C. 139 (1870) 620-. 

— (Ltidtge). Mensbrugghe, G. van der. Brux. 
Ac. BU. 80 (1870) 322-. 

— . Sondhauss, K. F. J. A. Ps. C. Ergdnz. 8 

(1878) 266-. 
thermal effect of drawing out. Thomson, (Sir) 

W. [1858] R. 8. P. 9 (1857-59) 265-. 
thickness and electrical resistance. Beinold, 

A.W.,^ Backer, A. W. [1893] PhU. Trans. 

(A) 184 (1894) 505-. 
—, limiting. BHnold, A.W., dt Bticker, A.W. 

[1883] Phil. Trans. 174 (1884) 645-. 
— , — . Fischer, K. T. [1896] A. Ps. C. 68 

(1899) 414-. 
on wetted solids. Clark, J. W. Nt. 27 (1888) 

370-. 

Liquid surfaces. Hagen, G. H. L. Berl. Ab. 

(1845) (Mth.) 41-; (1846) 1-. 
1 coloured rings on, curious production. 

Plateau, J. A. F. Moigno Cosmos 3 (1853) 

191-. 
, contractile force. Dupr€, A. G. R. 64 

(1867) 593-. 
, (Dupr6). Lamarle, E. G. R. 64 

(1867) 739-. 
, (Lamarle). Dupri, A. G. R. 64 

(1867) 902-. 
, . Massieu, F. (x) Fr. Cg. 8c. 38 

(1872) (2) 3-. 

— — , curved, equilibrium of vapour at. 
Thomson, (Sir) W. Ph. Mg. 42 (1871) 
448-. 

— — , figures produced by second Uquid. 
Destrem, J. A., dt Fr6bault, A. (xn) Toul. 
8. Sc. BU. 8 (1875-76) 148-. 



59 



0300 Liquid Surfaces 



Capillary Motions 0300 



Liquid surfaces, free, physical properties. Mixture of 2 liquid masses. Kai$er^ E. A. Ps. 

Merubrugghe, G. van der. Brux. Ac. Bll. C. 58 (1894) 667-. 

17 (1889) 151-. Molecular actions of liquids in capillary tubes. 
, fundamental theorem. Dupri^A. C.B. Caligny, A. de. Par. S, Phbn. PY. (1841) 

64 (1867) 741-. 26-. 
.impact with. Worthington.A. M. B. S. —forces. Quincke, O.H. [1878] (xi) Wilrzb. 

P. 33 (1882) 347-; 34 (1883) 217-. Ps. Md. Vh. 6 (1874) (56.) viii-. 
, , photographic study. Worthington, .action. Mossotti, 0. F. N. A. Sc. Nt. 

A. 3f., dt CoU, R. S, [1896-99] Phil. 4(1840)390-. 

Trans. (A) 189 (1897)137-; (A) 194 (1900)175-. , distance at which they are efifective. 

, instability of equilibrium. Mengbrugghe, Quincke, G. A. Ps. C. 137 (1869) 402-. 

G. van der, Brux. Ac. Bll. 11 (1886) 341- ; of liquids, curious effects. Mensbrugghe, 

12 (1886) 623-, [898]. G. van der, Brux. Ac. Bll. 18 (1864) 161-. 
in motion, curious phenomena observed , physics. Weinberg, B, P. Bs. Ps.-C. 

at. Mensbruggke, G. van der. Brux. Ac. S. J. 32 (Ps,) (1900) Od; Fschr. Ps. (1900) 

Bll. 48 (1879) 846-. (Ab. 1) 276. 
^, phenomena established in. Mensbruggke, — pressure. Bakker, G. Z. Ps. C. 12 (1893) 

G. van der, Brux. Ac. Bll. 30 (1895) 488-. 280-. 
, plane, normal pressure at. Kool, C. J. Motion of liquids in capillary spaces. Duclaux, 

Laus. 8. Vd. Bll. 29 (1893) xiu-. . ^. A. C. 25 (1872) 433- ; C. B. 74 (1872) 
, potential energy. Mensbruggke, G. van 368-. 

der, CuyperBv. Un. 14 (1883) 308-. , peculiar. Cauchy, A, L, Par. io, 

, , applications. Mensbruggke, G, pd. J. (19« eak.) (1823) 204-. 

van der, Brux. Ac. Bll. 46 (1878) 635- ; 

47 (1879) 32&-. 
, , variations (application of thermo- MOTION OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS 

dynamics). Mensbruggke, G, van der. Brux. ON LIQUIDS, 

Ac. Bll. 41 (1876) 769-; 42 (1876) 21-; 49 

(1880) 620-. Lekot, C. J. Bb. Brit. 59 (1815) 377-. 
, , — . Mensbruggke, G, van der. Carradan, G, Brugnatelli G. 9 (1816) 124- ; 

[1878] Brux. Ac. Mm. 43 (1882) (No. 4) 10 (1817) 274-. 

39 pp. V / \ / Qim^ron, L, Bb. Un. 26 (1824) 190-. 
, properties. BUmdlot, R. Nancy S. Sc. Moutier, J. Par. S. Phlm. Bll. 4 (1880) 245-. 

Bll. (1884) 25-. Le Conte, J. Am. J. Sc. 27 (1884) 307-. 
, _. Barcroft, J. [1895] Belfast NH. Benzoic acid on water. Tomlinsan, C, C. N. 

S. Bp. & P. (1895-96) 24-. 10 (1864) 25. 
of revolution, critical mean curvature. Camphor. Levat, — . As. Fr. C. B. (1891) 

Rllcker, A. W. B. A. Bp. (1886) 518- ; (^«- 2) 331-. 

L. Ps. S. P. 8 (1887) 108- ; Ph. Mg. 23 (1887) — ^^ o'^er bodies. Sckweigger-Seidel, F. W. 

35-. -o \ ; Schweigger J. 44 (= J6. 14| (1825) 285-. 
Meniscus, barometric, variations. Ragona- • Feckner, G. T, Kastner Arch. 

Scinfi, D. Palomba Bac. 2 (1846) 43-, 49-. Ntl. 9 (1826) 408-. 

— of liquids, vertical action. Mensbruggke, on water. Prevost, B, A. C. 21 

G, van der, Brux. Ac. Bll. 8 (1884) 326-. (1797) 254-; 22 (1797) 111-; 24 (1797) 

mercury surface. Danger, F, P, A. C. 31~« 

24 (1848) 501- ; C. B. 27 (1848) 381-. (Prevost). CarradoH, G. 

Mercury, ascent in capillary tubes. Bellani, A. ^- C. 37 (1800) 38-. 

BrugnateUi G. 3 (1810) 291-. (— )• ^iot, J. B. Par. S. 

— , — on iron wires. Kemp, K, T, Edinb. N. P^lm. Bll. 3 (1801) 42-. 

Ph. J. 6 (1829) 340-. and mercury. Boisgiraud, —, 

— covered with sulphuric acid, movement. *^ *Ioly, — • C. B. 12 (1841) 690-. 

Prandi, P. (vra) Bologna Opusc. Sc. N. • Fusinieri,A.(nAdds,) 

Col. (1824) 117-. Majocchi A. Fis. C. 3 (1841) 157-. 

— , depression, capUlary. Young, (Dr.) T, liquids on water. Tamlinson, C. Ph. 

[Signed S,B,Ij,] [1820] QJ.Sc. 11(1821)83-. Mg. 46 (1873) 376-. 

— , — , — . Ivory, J, Tilloch Ph. Mg. 57 

(1821) 267-. Campkor on Water. 

— , — , — (Ivory). Young, (Dr.) T, [Signed 

S. B. L.] TUloch Ph. Mff. 57 (1821) 376-. VentuH, G, [1797] Par. Mm. Sav. fitr. 1 
— , — , — . Ivory, J. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 57 (1806) 125-. 

(1821) 421-. CarradoH, G. BrugnateUi G. 1 (1808) 97-. 

— , — , —. Ekelund, A. W. Lund Phys. Barlocci, S. G. Arcad. 2 (1819) 226-. 

Sallsk. Ts. 1 (1837) 125-. B.,F, (vi Adds.) Thomson A. Ph. 8 (1824) 
— , — , — . Goutkowski, C, dt Mendelejeff, D, 75-. 

A. Ps. C. Beibl. 1 (1877) 455-. MatUucci, C, A. Sc. Lomb. Ven. 3 (1833) 
— , superficial properties, mfluence of chemical 1^4-. 

agents. Lippmann, G. Par. S. Ps. S4. Dutrocket, H. C. B. 12 (1841) 2-, 29-, 126-, 

(1878) 60-. 598-. 

60 



0300 



Actions of Surface Layers 



0300 



(Dutroohet.) Biot.J.B. C. B. 12 (1841) 621-, 

667-. 
FusinUri, A. A. Sc. Lomb. Yen. 11 (1841) 6-. 
mseha, A. (vm) Riga Cor.-Bl. 3 (1849) 20-, 

33-. 
TamUtuan, C. C. N. 8 (1863) 28, 87-, 123- ; 

InteU. Ol>8. 4 (1864) 17- ; Ph. Mg. 38 (1869) 

409- ; C. N. 36 (1877) 215-. 
Skey, W. [1878-80] N. Z. I. T. 11 (1879) 473-; 

12 (1880) 403-. 
Casamaior, P. Am. C. S. J. 7 (1885) 13-. 
Hart, T, C. N. 51 (1885) 277-. 
Tamlinton, C. C. N. 52 (1885) 50. 
BayleigK (Lard). R. S. P. 47 (1890) 364-. 
action of oils. TonUnuofiy C. Ph. Mg, 26 

(1863) 187- ; R. S. P. 48 (1891) 258. 
motion connected with electricity. Virey, J, J. 

J. Phm. 5 (1819) 237-. 
. Catamajor, P. C. N. 36 (1877) 

191-, 285-. 

Creosote on water. TonUinson, C. Ph. Mg. 

22 (1861) 111-. 
Eugenic acid on water. TofTiZtfuon, C Ph. 

Mg. 27 (1864) 528-. 
Floating bodies, apparent attractions and re- 
pulsions. Le Conte, (Prof.) J. Am. J. Sc. 

24 (1882) 416-. 
, , elementary theoiy. Mau- 

brugghCf G. van der, Brox. Ac. Blf. 5 (1883) 

482-. 
, when vapours of volatile 

liquids are allowed to fall on liquid surfaces. 

Dutrochet, H, C. R. 14 (1842) 1028- ; 15 

(1842) 25-. 
, attractive power on water. Carradori, 

G. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 11 (1801) 27-. 
, horizontal motion under capillary forces. 

WwthingUm, A, M, Ph. Mg. 15 (1883) 198-. 
, small, experiment of Mariotte's. Bouty, 

E. J. de Ps. 2 (1873) 263-. 
— needles, attraction. CamiUif S. G. Aroad. 

87 (1828) 159-. 
Liquids on water. TomZtnMm, C. [1869] Ph. 

Mg. 89 (1870) 32-. 
Organic acids, crystals. Schefczik, A, Wien 

Jb. Gl. 6 (1855) 263-. > 
Phosphorus on mercury. Carradori^ 0. Bru- 

gnateUi G. 3 (1810) 261-. 
Powders on water. MarangorU, C, Rm. R. 

Ac. Line. Rd. 4 (1888) (Sem. 1) 520-. 
Salts on water, gyratory movements. Leseanir, 

H. Par. S. C. BU. 24 (1875) 270-. 
Solids, gyratory movements. Weber , R. Arch. 

Sc. Ps. Nt. 12 (1884) 510-. 
Substance which moves on water like camphor. 

Morren, C, F, A. Quetelet Ck)r. Mth. 10 

(1838) 339-. 
Wicks, small lighted, on oU. Wilson, P. [1795] 

Edinb. R. S. T. 4 (1798) 163-. 



Motions, rotatory, in mixture of alcohol and 

laurel oil. Hancock, T. Edinb. J. Sc. 3 

(1830) 51-. 
— , — , — mixtures of water and volatile liquids. 

Honing, P. Amst. Vs. Ak. 3 (1855) 445-; 

Pogg. A. 97 (1856) 50-. 



Motions, spontaneous, of certain bodies in 
proximity or contact. Prevoat, B, A. C. 40 
(1801) 1-. 

— , — , (Prevost). Carta- 

dan, G. A. C. 48 (1803) 197-. 

— on surface of alcoholio liquors, certain 
curious. Thomson, Jos, B. A. Rp. (1855) 
{vt. 2) 16-. 

Oil to cidm seas, successful use. Marshall, W, 
P. Midi. Ntlist. 11 (1888) 170-, 207-. 

— , calming water and making surface trans- 
parent by. Beek, A. van. A. C. 4 (1842) 
257-. 

— drops on water. ChaUis, J. Ph. Mg. 8 
(1836) 288-. 

— films, thin, on water, properties. Oberbeck, 
A. A. Ps. C. 49 (1893) 366-. 

— on water, molecular forces illustrated by. 
Oberbeck, —. N.- Vorp. Mt. 24 (1892) 
xxiv-. 

waves, and wave motion. Rosenbach, — . 

Bresl. Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1894) (Ab. 2a) 

59-. 
Oily surface layer of rivers, action. Forel, F. A . 

Laus. S. Vd. Bll. 34 (1898) xvui-. 
Pores of membranes, size. Guerout, A. G. R« 

75 (1872) 1809-. 
specified diameter, method of obtaining. 

Barus, C. Ps. Rv. 6 (1898) 52-. 
Porous mass, experiments on absorption. 

Magrini, L. Mil. 1. Lomb. Rd. 1 (1864) 

221-. 

— substances, absorption of liquids by, laws. 
Tate, T. Ph. Mg. 20 (1860) 364-, 500- ; 21 
(1861) 57-, 115-. 

, permeation of liquids into. Cantani, G. 

N. Cim. 19 (*1863) 269-. 
Pulverisation of liquids. Sender, G. Rv. Sc. 

13 (1877) 379-. 
Rain, formation. Mache, H. Wien Ak. Sb. 

109 (1900) (Ab. 2a) 793-. 
Repulsion of water from feathers and leaves. 

BuUt, G. R. S. P. 8 (1856-^57) 520-. 
Repulsions, apparent, of certain liquids. Carra- 

doH, G. A. C. 51 (1804) 217-. 
Repulsive force of attenuated matter. Fusinieri, 

A . Brugnatelli G. 6 (1823) 34- ; A. So. Lomb. 

Yen. 13 (1844) (Avp.) 39 pp. 
Resistance to introduction of liquid into narrow 

vessel. Duprez, F. J. (a) Brux. Ac. BU. 

16 (1863) 11-. 
Ripples, interference. Matthiessen, L. A. Ps. 

C. 32 (1887) 626-. 
— , photography. Vincent, J. H. L. Ps. S. 

P. 15 (1897) 91-; Ph. Mg. 43 (1897) 411- ; 

[45 (1898) 197 Erratumy, 45 (1898) 191- ; 

46 (1898) 290- ; 48 (1899) 338-. 

— ana their relation to current velocity. Hirst, 
T. A. Ph. Mg. 21 (1861) 1-, 188-. 

— in viscous Uquid. Tait, — . Edinb. R. S. 
P. 17 (1891) 110-. 

— and waves. Thomson, (Sir) W. Nt. 5 (1872) 

^ — —. Langtan, J. Nt. 5 (1872) 241-. 
Sea froth. Gladstone, J. H. [1881] Nt. 25 

(1882) 33. 
Skin of liquids. Draper, C. H. Brighton NH. 

S. Rp. (1899) 31-. 



61 



0300 Actions of Surface Layers 

Soap film, permanent, and thin plates. Reade, 
J. Ph. Mg. 17 (1841) 32-. 

— films, black. RUcker, A. W, Nt. 16 (1877) 
S81-. 

, thickness. RwM>\d^ A, TT., dt RUcker, 

A. W. [1877] R. S. P. 26 (1878) 334-. 

Solid layers, thin, properties. Quincke, G. 
[1888] A. Ps. G. 35 (1888) 561- ; Heidi. Nt. 
Md. Vh. 4 (1892) 258-. 

— particles in liquids, forces between. BHss, 
W.J. A. Ps. Rv. 2 (1895) 241-, 373-. 

Solutions, thermokinetio properties. NaUm- 

tan, W. [1898-99] Krk. Ak. (Mt.-Prz.) Bz. 

15 (1899) 377-; Ore. Ac. So. Bll. (1898) 295-; 

(1899) 349-. 
Spneroidal condition of liquids at common 

temperatures. TomZtnfOfi, C. Ph. Mg. 26 

(1868) 487-. 

Spiders' webs. StreMke, F. Pogg. A. 40 (1837) 

146-. 
Splash of a drop and allied phenomena. 

WorthingUm, A. M. [1894] B. I. P. 14 

(1896) 289-. 
Splashes, apparatus for observing. Worthing- 

ton.A.M. [1882] (xn) Bristol Nt. S. P. 4 
. (1885) 11-. 
Spreading of drops. Eccher, A. de. (n) N. 

Cim. 5 & 6 (1871) 93-. 
. Cintolesi, F. Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 9 

(1876) 187- ; 10 (1877) 30-. 
, experiments. Cintolesi,F. (xn) Bv. 

Sc.-Ind. 9 (1877) 285-, 309-, 341-. 
on smooUi surfaces. CintoUH, F. (xn) 

Bv. Sc.-Ind. 9 (1877) 261-. 
surface of another liquid. Pisatit G. 

MU. I. Lomb. Bd. 1 (1868) 893-. 
. Marangoni, C. (x) 

N. Cim. 8 (1870) 105-. 
liquids. Du BoU-Reymond, P. [1869] 

A. Ps. C. 139 (1870) 262-. 
. Stark, J. [1898] Miinch. Ak. Sb. 

28 (1899) 91-. 
on liquids. DuBoit-Reynumd,P. Pogg. 

A. 104 (1858) 193-. 
. LUdtge, R. A. Ps. C. 137 

(1869) 362-. 

, periodic. Quincke, O. Berl. Ak. Sb. 

(1888) 791- ; A. Ps. C. 35 (1888) 580-. 
, — , and influence on protoplasm motion. 

Quincke, G. [1888] Heidi. Nt. Md. Vh. 4 

(1892) 269-. 
solutions of aniline colours on water. 

Obermayer, A. van. A. Ps. C. 151 (1874) 

130-. 
Superposed liquids in capillary tube, problem. 

Men$})rugghe,G. van der. 11S75] Brux. Mm. 

Cour. 4», 41 (1878) (No. 1) 44 pp. 
Surface energy of liquids. Menebrugghe^ G. van 

der. Bv. Un. Mines 17 (1885) 163-. 
as means of determining molecular com- 
plexity. Ramsay, W. Bv. Sc. 2 (1894) 

1-. 
, molecular, variation with temperature. 

Rafntay,W.,dShield$,J. [1893] Phil. Trans. 

(A) 184 (1894) 647-. 

— — , — , energy, molecular (Bamsay 

and Shields). Mathiae, — . Toul. Ac. Sc. 
Bll. 2 (1899) 291-. 



Surface Tension 0300 

Surface forces in liquids. Warthington, A . M. 

B. S. P. 36 (1884) 351- ; Ph. A^. 18 (1884) 

384-. 
, movements due to. Fueke, K. Exner 

Bpm. 26 (1890) 444-. 
, theory. Rayleigh, (Lard). Ph. Mg. 30 

(1890) 285-, 456- ; 38 (1892) 209-, 468-. 
— layers, conducting, and their vapour 

pressure. Braun, F. A. Ps. C. 65 (1898) 

365-. 



SURFACE TENSION. 

Prevost, B. A. C. 21 (1797) 254- ; 22 (1797) 

111-. 
(Prevost.) Carradari, G. A. C. 37 (1800) 88-. 
MensbTugghe,G.vander. [1869-73] Brux. Mm. 

Cour. 4», 34 (1870) 67 pp. ; 37 (1873) (No. 4) 

32 pp. 
Duclaux, i. A. C. 21 (1870) 378-. 
Moutier, J. J. de Ps. 1 (1872) 98- ; 2 (1878) 

27—. 
Kraevich, K. D. (xn) Bs. C. Ps. S. J. 7 (Ps.) 

(1875) [(Pt. 1)] 129-. 
Fitzgerald, G. F. B. A. Bp. (1878) 436. 
Klupdty, J. Mth. Termt. £ts. 3 (1885) 94- ; 

Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 6 (1886-87) 101-. 
Provenzali, F. S. Bm. N. Line. At. 39 (1886) 

143-. 
(Leray.) Mentbrugghe, G. van der. Brux. S. 

Sc. A. 17 (1893) (Pt. 1) 91-. 
(Mensbrugghe.) Leray, (le riv. fire) — . 

Brux. S. Sc. A. 18 (1894) (Pt. 1) 99-. 
(Leray.) Mensbrugghe, G. van der. Brux. S. 

Sc. A. 19 (1895) (Pt. 1) 60-. 
(Mensbrugghe.) Leray, (le riv. p^re) — . 

Brux. S. Sc. A. 19 (1895) (Pt. 1) 117-. 
(Leray.) Mensbrugghe, G. van der. Brux. S. 

Sc. A. 19 (1895) (Pt. 1) 120-. 
Foley, A. L. Ps. Bv. 3 (1896) 381-. 
Mellberg, E. J. Helsingf. Acta 22 (1897) No. 

6, 38 pp. 
action of liquid of small, on gas dissolved in 

liquid of high surface tension. Gemez, D. 

C. B. 76 (1873) 89-. 
of alcohols and fatty acids. Duclaux, E. A. C. 

13 (1878) 76- ; C. B. 85 (1877) 1068-. 

— aqueous solutions. Farch, C. A. Ps. C. 68 
(1899) 801-. 

^ of alkaline chlorides. Linebarger, C E, 

Am. C. S. J. 21 (1899) 411-. 
calculation by meansof flatdrops. Warthington, 

A.M. L. Ps. S. P. 7 (1886) 145- ; Ph. Mg. 

20 (1885) 51-. 
and capillajry action. Reynolds, O. B. A. Bp. 

(1881) 524-. 
at common surface of liquids and gases, in- 
fluence of pressure. Kundt, A. Berl. Ak. 

Mb. (1880) 812-. 
and compressibility of liquids. Rdntgen, W. C. , 

d Schneider, J. A. Ps. C. 29 (1886) 16&-. 
, connection. Devaux, — . [1892] 

Bordeaux S. Sc. Mm. 4 (1894) ii-. 

— contact electrification, connection. Gexe- 
chus [Hesehus], N. A. Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 81 
(Ps.) (1899) 126- ; Fsohr. Ps. (1899) (Ab. 2) 
473-. 



62 



0300 Suriace Tension 

And contaminated water sorfaces. PoekeU^ 
A, Nt. 48 (1891) 487-; 46 (1892) 418- ; 48 
(1893) 152-. 

— critical temperature, connection . Edtvdi, L. 
Mth. Termt. ^ts. 8 (1885) 54-. 

— denaity of aqaeous and alcoholic solutions of 
carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. Bellatif 
M., dt Lussana, S. Yen. 1. At. (1888-89) 
1169-. 

— solutions, relation to state of ionisa- 

tion. Archibald, E. H. [1897] N. Scotia 
I. So. V.AT.d (1898) 835-. 

and conductivity of solutions of potassium 

chloride and sulphate. Barnes, J, [1899] 
N. Scotia I. Sc. P. A T. 10 (1903) 49-. 

— dielectric constants of mixtures. Oezeehus 
[He»ehu8], N. A. Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 32 (Pi.) 
(1900) 97-; Fsohr. Ps. (1900) (Ab. 2) 405. 

— electric potential, dimensions. Oezeehiu 
[HeiekM], N. A, Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 32 (Ps.) 
(1900) 115- ; Fschr. Ps. (1900) {Ab. 2) 361. 

of emulsions. Budde, E, A. Ps. C. (Berl, Ps, 
0$, Vh. 1892) 46 (1892) 173-. 

— ether and alcohol. Bamsay, W, B. A. Bp. 
(1891) 565-. 

at high temperatures. Kasterin^ N. P. 

Bs. Ps.-G. S. J. 24 (Ps.) (1892) 196- ; J. de 

Ps. 2 (1898) 529-. 
And evaporation, common cause. Mensbrugghe, 

G, van der, C. B. 115 (1892) 1059- ; Brux. 

Ac. BU. 24 (1892) 543- ; 25 (1893) 233- ; 26 

(1893) 37- ; Brux. S. Sc. A. 17 (1893) (Pi. 1) 

53- ; 18 (1894) IPt, 1) 49-. 

— — and ebullition, mechanical theory. 
Mensbrugghe, G. van der. Brux. Ac. BU. 9 
(1885) 346- ; 10 (1885) 405-. 

experiments. Norris.R. B. S. P. 12 (1862-68) 

251-. 
— . BUmdlot, R. As. Fr. G. B. (1886) (Pt. 1) 

101. 
— . WaUh, A. R. Dubl. S. Sc. P. 5 (1886-87) 
. 484-. 
— . Schoentjes, H, Brux. Ac. Bll. 15 (1888) 

216-, 712-. 
—. Fridlander, E. D. Nt. 45 (1892) 463-. 

— NichoU, E, Ps. Bv. 1 (1894) 299-. 
— . Stromei, E. N. Cim. 3 (1896) 348-. 
— . Baker, T. J. Nt. 62 (1900) 196-. 
— . Bourget, H. Nt. 62 (1900) 269. 

— , application of photograpnj. Rayleigh, 
(Lord). [18911 B. I. P. 13 (1898) 261-. 

— on surface-films. Rayleigh, (Lord). Ph. 
Mg, 83 (1892) 868-. 

and frictional coefficient of liquid air. Forseh, 

C. Ps. Z. 1 (1900) 177. 
of gold« Quineke, O. A. Ps. G. 64 (1898) 618-. 
influence on chemical combination. Fuchs, K. 

Bxner Bpm. 25 ri889) 529-. 
equilibrium of floating bodies. Lohnstein, 

T. A. Ps. C. 44 (1891) 52-. 

— of gas dissolved in liquid. Wroblewski, 8» 
van. C. B. 95 (1882) 284-. 

and internal pressure. Chervet, A. J. de Ps. 

7 (1888) 485-. 
of liquid films. Terqvem, A. J. de Ps. 7 (1878) 

40&-. 
, and reflection of light. Lehmann, O. 

Z. Kr. 12 (1887) 899-. 



Suriace Tension 0300 

of liquid films, and thickness, relation. Reinold, 

A.W.,dtRilcker,A.W. [1886] PhU. Trans. 

177 (1887) 627-. 
, value at different heights. Maran- 

goni, C. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 5 (1889) 

(Sem. 1) 515-. 
metals. Oauy, — . G. B. 114 (1892) 

^(Gouy). PeUat,H. G. B. 114 (1892) 

464-. 
between 2 liquids. Pockelsy A, A. Ps. G. 67 

(1899) 668-. 
of liquids in contact with carbonic acid. 

Wroblewski, S. von. G. B. 95 (1882) 842-. 
under electrostatic induction. Bamett, 

S. J. Ps. Bv. 6 (1898) 257-. 
and mathematical theory of capillarity. Del- 

saulx, {le riv. ptre) J. Brux. S. So. A. 10 

(1886) (Pt. 2) 43-. 
measurement. Mensbrugghe, G. van der. J. 

de Ps. 8 (1879) 52-. 
— . Magie, W. F. A. Ps. G. 25 (1885) 421- ; 

Am. J. Sc. 31 (1886) 189- ; Am. As. P. (1887) 

79—. 
— . Sentis, H. J. de Ps. 6 (1887) 571-. 
— . Hall, T. P. Ph. Mg. 36 (1893) 385-. 
— . Mayer, A. M. Am. J. Sc. 3 (1897) 253-. 
— . Stevens, J. S. Am. J. Sc. 10 (1900) 245-. 
— , apparatus. Linebarger, C. E. Am. J. Sc. 

2 (1896) 108-. 

— by drops. Perrot, F. L., dt Guye, P. A. 
Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 8 (1899) 590-. 

ripples. Smith, C. M. Edinb. B. S. P. 

17 (1891) 115-. 
. Dorsey, N. E. Ps. Bv. 5 (1897) 

170-, 213-. 
. Grunmach, L. [1898] D. Ps. Gs. 

Vh. (1899) 13-. 

— at various temperatures. Gossart, E. A. 
G. 19 (1890) 173- ; 4 (1895) 391-. 

of mercury. Sentis, H. J. de Ps. 9 (1890) 

384-. 
. Meyer, G. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1898) 

66-. 

. StdckU, J. A. Ps. G. 66 (1898) 499-. 

against gases. Meyer, G. A. Ps. G. 66 

(1898) 523-. 

— mixtures. Linebarger, C. E. Am. J. So. 2 
(1896) 226-. 

. Trouton, —. Nt. 62 (1900) 562. 

and molecular volume, connection. EOtv&s, L. 

[1885] Mth. Termt. Ets. 4 (1886) 84-; Mth. 

Nt. B. Ung. 4 (1885-86) 33-. 

— muscular contraction. Fitzgerald, G, F. 
[1878] Dubl. S. Sc. T. 1 (1888) 95-. 

normal component. Leray, (le riv. plre) — . 
Brux. S. Sc. A. 21 (1897) (Pt. 1) 78-. 

, optical proof. Wallbott, H. A. Ps. G. 

68 (1899) 496-. 

oscillations of homogeneous fluid msiss due to. 
Giesen, A. Z. Mth. Ps. 24 (1879) 280-. 

and Ostwald*s system of units. Schreber, K. 
Ps. Z. 1 (1900) 75-, 165-. 

phenomena in water and other liquids. Gos- 
sart, i. Bv. Sc. 38 (1886) 620-. 

in physiological phenomena. Leblanc, M, 
Lum. &lect. 19 (1886) 441-, 497-. 



63 



0800 Surface Tension 

of recently formed liquid surfaces. Rayleigh, 
{Lard). B. S. P. 47 (1890) 281-. 

relation to theories of Laplace and Gauss. 
Mensbrugghet G. vcm der. As. Fr. C. B. 
(1874) 287-. 

of saline solutions. RotheTf 0. A. Ps. G. 21 
(1884) 57e-. 

. SentU.H. C. B. 118 (1894) 1182-. 

, efifeot of temperature and concentra- 
tion. Och84, W. Exner Bpm. 26 (1890) 
641-. 

— solid-liquid surfaces, efifect of temperature. 
Fitzgerald, Q. F, Nt. 49 (1893-94) 293. 

— solutions. JdgeTy G. Wien Ak. Sb. 100 

(1891) (Ab, 2a) 493-. 

— — . Monti, V. Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 29 (1894) 
762-. 

of chlorides, bromides, iodides. VaUon, 

C.A. C. B. 69 (1869) 1140-. 
, and molecular force. Sutherland, W. 

Ph. Mg. 40 (1896) 477-. 

— spherical drop. Fucha, K, Wien Ak. Sb. 
98 (1889) (Ah. 2a) 740-. 

statical electricity, does it exert an influence 
on? Me7i8brugght,G.vander, [l%14i\ Brux. 
Mm. Cour. 4', 40 (1876) (No. 2) 28 pp. 

and stretching of liquids. Worthington, A. M. 
B. A. Bp. (1888) 683-. 

— surface viscosity. O., W. P. Nt. 42 (1890) 
646. 

theory. Mensbrugghe, O. van der. As. Fr. G. 

B. (1886) (Pt. 2) 263-. 
— , defence. Marangoni, C. N. Gim. 3 (1878) 

60-, 97-, 193-. 
variation with temperature. Heen, P. de. 

Brux. Ac. Bll. 6 (1883) 606-. 
. Selby,A.L. [1891] L. Ps. S. P. 11 

(1892) 119- ; Ph. Mg. 31 (1891) 430-. 
. PeUat, H. G. B. 118 (1894) 

1193-. 
. Monti, V. N. Gim. 6 (1897) 6-, 

186-. 

variation of area. Marangoni, C. Bm. 

B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1889) (Sem. 1) 26-. 

— — — — — , experimental verification. 
Marangoni, C. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 
(1889) (Sem. 1) 362-. 

variations, new apparatus. Leconte, F, Arch. 

Sc. Ps. Nt. 23 ri890) 419-. 
of water below 0°G. Humphreys, W. J., d 

MoMer, J. F. Ps. Bv. 2 (1896) 387-. 
from 0° to 40° G. Volkmann, P. A. Ps. 

G. 66 (1896) 467- ; 62 (1897) 607-. 
above 100° G. Knipp, C. T. Ps. Bv. 11 

(1900) 129-. 
, and air in soil. Puchner, H, Forsch. 

Ag.-Ps. 19 (1896) 1-. 
— alcohol and mixtures, temperature 

variation, critical temperatures. Sohet, A. 

Lidge S. Sc. Mm. 20 (1898) No. 1, 66 pp. 
, in various glasses. Volkmann, P. A. 

Ps. G. 63 (1894) 633- ; 62 (1897) 607-. 
, influence of electricity. Nichols, E. L, , 

d Clark, J. A. Ps. Bv. 4 (1897) 376-. 
, — — impurities. Rayleigh, (Lord). 

[1890] B. L P. 13 (1893) 86-. 

— — , investigated by method of ripples. 
Rayleigh, (Lord). Ph. Mg. 30 (1890) 386-. 

64 



Capillarity, Theory 0300 

of water and mercury, influenoe of eleotrifica- 

tion. MerrUt, E., db Bamett, S. J. Ps. Z. 

1 (1900) 249-. 
, measurement by capillary tubes. 

Quincke, G. [1894] A. Ps. G. 62 (1894) 1-; 

Heidi. Nt. Md. Vh. 6 (1897) 228-. 
, (Quincke) . LohnMtein, 

T. A. Ps. G. 63 (1894) 1062-. 
— — in narrow capillaries. Volkmann, P. 

A. Ps. G. 66 (1898) 194-. 

, variation with temperature. Weinberg, 

B. P. Bs. PS.-G. S. J. 24 (P$.) (1892) 44-; 
J. de Ps. 1 (1892) 378- ; Z. Ps. G. 10 (1892) 
34-. 

, . Lohnstein, T. Z. Ps. G. 10 

(1892) 604-. 



Surface viscosity of films of solution of sapo- 

nine. Mensbrugghe, G. van der. Brux. Ac. 

BU. 29 (1870) 368-. 
water. BayUigh, (Lord). B. S. P. 

48 (1891) 127-. 
Temperature, influenoe on capillarity. Fran- 

kenheim, M. L. Erdm. J. Pr. G. 23 (1841) 

401-. 
— , — . Buys-Ballot, C. H. D. Pogg. 

A. 71 (1847) 177-. 
— , (Buys-Ballot). Merian, R. Pogg. 

A. 73 (1848) 486-. 
— , . Frankenheim, M. L. Pogg. A. 

76 (1848) 229- ; 77 (1849) 446-. 
— , (Frankenheim). Buff, W. Pogg. 

A. 78 (1849) 678-. 
— , . Wolf, C. A. G. 49 (1867) 

230-. 
— , . Drion, C. A. G. 66 (1869) 

221-. 
— , (angle). Traube, J. J. Pr. G. 31 

(1886) 614-. 
— at which liquids cease to moisten vessels 

which contain them. Wolf, C. G. B. 42 

(1866) 968-. 
Textile bands, effects of atmospheric changes. 

Woodbury, C. J. H. Franklin I. J. 78 (1879) 

62-. 
Theorem of Laplace. Canestrini, E. Bv. 

Sc.-lnd. 23 (1891) 126-. 



THEORY OF CAPILLARITY. 

La Place, P. S. (marquis) de. Par. ic. Pol. 

Gor. 1 (1804-08) 246- ; J. de Ps. 62 (1806) 

120- ; 63 (1806) 248-, 413- ; 66 (1807) 88-. 
Brandes, H. W. Gilbert A. 33 (1809) 38-. 
Knight, T. Nicholson J. 27 (1810) 126-. 
La Place, P. S. (marquis) de. Par. S. Phlm. 

Bll. (1819) 122-. 
Buquoy, G. von. Oken Isis (1824) 1068-. 
Ivory, J. Ph. Mg. 3 (1828) 1-. 
Sang, E. Edinb. N. Ph. J. 8 (1830) 280-. 
Poisson, S. D. A. G. 46 (1831) 61-. 
Parrot, G. F. Pogg. A. 27 (1833) 234-. 
ChaUis, J. B. A. Bp. (1834) 263- ; Ph. Mg. 8 

(1836) 89-. 
Mainardi, G. [1836] Mod. S. It. BCm. 21 (1837) 

301-. 



0300 



Theory of CapiUarity 



0300 



MiU, J. Pogg. A. 45 (1888) 287-, 501-. 
BMeUi, E. G. Aroad. 113 (1847) 3-. 
Bertrand, J. Lioav. J. Mth. 13 (1848) 185-. 
Davidof, A. von. Mosc. Bll. S. Nt. 28 (1855) 

354-. 
VaUon] C.A. G. B. 45 (1857) 10-. 
Gilbert, — . C. B. 45 (1857) 771-. 
Valtan, C. A. C. B. 46 (1858) 95-. 
Nageli, C. Mtinoh. Sb. (1866) (I.) 597-. 
JBrttt, E. N. Cim. 25 (•1867) 81-, 225-. 
Mousson, A. Ztir. Vjschr. 15 (1870) 305-. 
Sang, E, [1870] Edinb. B. S. P. 7 (1872) 

160-. 
Stahl, J. A. Pb. G. 139 (1870) 239-. 
Bo$$cha, J. [1871] (xn) Amst. Ak. Wet. P. 

(1871-72, No. 3) 5-. 
Moutier, J. J. de Ps. 1 (1872) 291- ; Par. 8. 

Phlm. Bll. 1 (1877) 45-. 
Heringa. P. M. N. Arch. Wisk. 4 (•1878) 1- ; 

Arch. N^rl. 13 (1878) 1- ; 15 (1880) 124-. 
ReinhoU, A. Arch. Mth. Ps. 63 (1879) 110-. 
Roger, i. G. B. 90 (1880) 90&-. 
Padova, E. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 1 (1892) 

(Sent. 1) 331-. 
LangloU, M. G. B. 123 (1896) 35-. 
Rozing, B. L. Bs. Ps.-G. S. J. 30 (Ps.) (1898) 

209-. 
Bakker, G. Z. Ps. G. 33 (1900) 477-. 
dynamical. Bakker, G. J. de Ps. 8 (1899) 

545-; 9 (1900) 394-. 
and experiments of Professor Dewar. Mens- 

brugghe, G. van der. Brax. S. Sc. A. 24 

(1900) {Pt. 1) 58-. 
Gauss's. Lippmann, G. J. de Ps. 6 (1877) 

108-. 
— , and spreading of one liquid over another. 

Mensbrugghe, G. van der. Brux. Ac. Bll. 39 

(1875J 375-. 
and hyorostatics. Grurintzew, A. P. Fsohr. 

Mth. (1899) 734-. 
kinetic. DeUaulx, ile riv. p^re) J. Brux. S. 

So. A. 12 (1888) {Pt. 2) 105-. 
lAplace's. Pe$tuH, G. Mod. S. It. Mm. 14 

(1809) 87-. 

— (simplification). Krie$, F. Gehlen J. 9 

(1810) 104-. 
— . Kmght, T. Nicholson J. 28 (1811) 155-. 
— . Brunaeei, V. Brugnatelli G. 9 (1816) 7-, 

127-, 163-, 241-, 843-. 

— (Brunaoci). Pe^t, A. T. A. G. 4 (1817) 54-. 
— . Rayleigh, (Lord). Ph. Mg. 16 (1883) 

809-. 
—. Worthington, A. M. Ph. Mg. 16 (1883) 

88^. 
— . Mentbmgghe, G. van der, J. de Ps. 8 

(1889) 83-. 
mathematical. Petit, A. T. Par. £c. Pol. J. 

16* cah. (1813) 1-. 
— . Rudberg, F. Stockh. Ak. Hndl. (1819) 

158- ; (1822) 25-. 
— . Rieal, H. A. Liouv. J. Mth. 7 (1881) 

841-. 
and measurement of molecules. Boltzmann, L. 

Wien Ak. 8b. 75 (1877) (Ab. 2) 801-. 

— molecular action. Val8on,C.A. [1864-70] 
(zn) Isto 8. Bll. 7 (Livr. 3 dr 4) (1867) 
258-, 468; (vm) A. G. 20 (1870) 361- ; 
C. B. 70 (1870) 1040-. 

VOL. III. 65 



Poisson's. Link, H. F. Pogg. A. 25 (1832) 

270- ; 27 (1833) 193-. 
and principle of virtual velocity. Boltzmann, L. 

A. Ps. G. 141 (1870) 582-. 
principles, genend. Membrugghe, G. van der, 

Brux. S. Sc. A. 20 (1896) (Pt. 1) 101- ; 22 

(1898) (Pt. 1) 18-. 
from standpoint of molecular theories of present 

day. Julius, V. A. Amst. Ak. Vh. 24 (1886) 
63 pp. ; Fschr. Mth. 17 (1888) 979-. 
thermodynamic. Wools, J. D. von der. Amst. 
Ak. Vh. (Sect. 1) 1 (1893) No. 8, 56 pp. ; 
Arch. N^erl. 28 (1895) 121-. 

— (van der Waals's). Sutherland, W. Z. Ps. 
G. 17 (1895) 536-. 

— ( ). Bokker, G. Z. Ps. G. 28 

(1899) 708- ; 34 (1900) 168-. 
— . (Molecular potential function of van der 

Waals.) Bakker, G. Amst. Ak. Vs. 8 (1900) 
223-; Amst. Ak. P. 2 (1900) 163-. 
— . (Potential function 

0(r) = and 0(r) = ^^— ' 

and potential function of van der Waals.) 
Bokker, G. Amst. Ak. Vs. 8 (1900) 308- ; 
Amst. Ak. P. 2 (1900) 247-. 
Toung-Laplace. JFeinstein, B. A. Ps. G. 27 
(1886) 544-. 



Vapour and clouds, especially of solutions, 
HelmholU, R. von. A. Ps. G. 27 (1886) 508-. 

— films, crystalline behaviour. Pfaf, J. W.^ 
Miinch. Ab. (1829-30) 75-. 

— pressure over curved surfaces. Fitzgerald ^ 
G. F. [1879] Dubl. S. Sc. P. 2 (1880) 
243-; Ph. Mg. 8 (1879) 382-. 

. GaliUine, B. A. Ps. G. 35 

(1888) 200-. 
, equilibrium inside foam. Fitzgerald, 

G. F. Nt. 49 (1893-94) 316. 
, theory. Jfiger, G. Wien Ak. Sb. 99 

(1891) (Ab. 2a) 679-. 
Vena contraeta in liquids, structure. Proven- 

zoli, F. S, Bm. N. Line. At. 40 (1887) 51-. 
Watch glass, movement on wet inclined ^ass- 
plate. ComiUi, S. G. Arcad. 37 (1828> 

159-. 
Water, capillarity, experiments. Poloni, G^ 

Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 12 (1879) 615-. 
— , free surface, rdle in economy of nature^ 

Mensbrugghe, G. van der. As. Fr. G. B. 

(1879) 553-. 
— , ground-, theoretical investigation of motion.. 

Slichter, C. S. U. S. Gl. Sv. Bp. (1897-98> 

(Pt. 2) 295-. 

— layers, capillary, containing carbon dioxide^ 
decomposition of glass by. Bunsen, R, A. 
Ps. G. 29 (1886) 161-. 

— and mercury surfaces, pure, methods of 
producing. RMtgen, W. C, A. Ps. G. 46 

(1892) 162-. 

— in soils, capillary conduction. Wollny, E, 
Forsch. Ag.-Ps. 7 (1884) 269-; 8 (1885) 206-- 

, — movement and retention. Briggs^ 

L. J. U. S. Dpt. Ag. Yearb. (1898) 399-. 

Wave, capillary. Langton, J. Cn. J. 2 (1857) 
96-; Nt. 5 (1872) 241-. 



0310 Dialysis 



Osmosis. Osmotic Pressure 



0310 



Waves on surface of mercury. Faye, H. A. A, 
C. B. 58 (1864) 565-. 

— , velocity of propagation, influence of capil- 
larity. Koldiek, F. A. Ps. C. 5 (1878) 
425-; 6 (1879) 616. 

Wetting surfaces of various bodies, experiments. 
Degen, A, F. E, Pogg. A. 88 (1886) 449-. 

0310 Osmosis. Osmotic Pressure. 
iSee oho Chemistry 7155.) 



DIALYSIS. 
Graham, T, C. B. 58 (1861) 



PhU. 



275-; 

Trans. (1861) 183-. 
Ouignet, E. Par. S. C. Bll. (1862) 99-. 
Favrot, C. (vi Adds,) N. Cim. 18 (1868) 151-. 

Jahn, J, N. Jiva (1868) 56-. 

(Graham's experiments.) Anon, {a 82) Hel- 

singf . Ofv. 5 (1868) 249-. 
Dubrunfaut, — . C. B. 68 (1866) 888-. 
Graham, T. C. B. 68 (1866) 987-. 
Dubrunfaut, — . C. B. 68 (1866) 994-. 
and absorption of gases by colloid septa. 

Graham, T. Phil. Trans. 166 (1866) 899-. 
of arable soil. Petermann, A, Brux. Ac. Bll. 

8 (1882) 74-. 
gelatin jelly as a dialyser. Woodcock, R. C, 

C. N. 45 (1882) 79-. 
laws, experimental demonstration. Puiggari, 

M. (xn) Arg. S. Ci. A. 4 (1877) 179-. 



Diffusion in agar jelly. Voigtl&nder, F, Z. 
Ps. C. 8 (1889) 816-. 

ENDOSMOSIS AND EXOSMOSIS. 

cause. Dutrochet, H. A. C. 85 (1827) 898-. 
— . Power, J. B. A. Bp. (1888) 891-. 
and dialysis, electro-capillary phenomena. 
Becquerel, A, C, C. B. 66 (1868) 766-. 

Endosmosii, 

Dutrochet, H, A. C. 87 (1828) 191-. 
(Dutrochet.) Ratpail, F. V. F^russac Bll. 

Sc. Nt. 14 (1828) 864-. 
Dutrochet, H. C. B. 1 (1886) 244-, 420-. 
€ima,A,,dtMatteucci,-'. A. C. 18 (1845) 68-. 
Buchheim, — . Boser u. Wunderlich Arch. 12 

(1853) 217-. 
L'Hermite, — . C. B. 89 (1854) 1177- ; A. C. 

43 (1855) 420-. 
Dubrunfaut, — . C. B. 68 (1866) 888-. 
Graham, T. C. B. 68 (1866) 937-. 
Dubrunfaut, — . C. B. 68 (1866) 994-. 
Gayan, U, [1880] Bordeaux S. Sc. Mm. 4 

(1882) xvii-. 
of acids. Dutrochet, H. [1885] Par. Mm. Ac. 

Sc. 15 (1838) 281-. 
comparative power in some organic liquids. 

Dutrochet, H. A. C. 51 (1832) 159-. 
endosmotic equivalent. Fick, A, Pogg. A. 

92 (1854) 883-. 
. Hoffmann, C, E, E. (vi Adds,) Btr. 

An. PI. 2 (1860) 59-. 



endosmotic equivalent and the endosmotic 

theory. Ludwig, C. Henle u. Pfeafer Z. 

8 (1849) 1-. 
experiments. Draper, J, W, Franklin I. J. 

17 (1886) 177- ; 18 (1886) 27-. 
— . Jolly, P. Henle u. Pfeufer Z. 7 (1849) 

88-. 
explanation. Barreswil, L. C. A. J. Phm. 

19 (1851) 126. 
forces which produce. Rosenstiehl, A, C. B. 

70 (1870) 617-. 
and formation of cells. TrauJbe, M. [1866] 

Arch. An. PI. (1867) 87-, 129-. 
of gases. Jamin, J. C. B. 48 (1856) 284-. 

. Matteueci, C. N. Cim. 17 (1863) 5-. 

r. SainU-Claire Deville, H. N. Cim. 17 

(1863) 16-. 
history. Parrot, G. F. Pogg. A. 70 (1847) 

171-. 
phenomena independent of electricity. Proven- 

zali, F. S. Bm. At. N. Line. 24 (1871) 359-. 
and its physical cause. Dutrochet, H. A. C. 

49 (1832) 411-. 
production of high hydrostatic pressure by. 

PMer, W. Bonn Niedr. Gs. Sb. (1875) 

276-. 
of sodium sulphate. Schmidt, W, Pogg. A. 

102 (1857) 122-. 
theory. Uazer, J, Boser u. Wunderlich Arch. 

15 (1856) 194-. 
— , molecular. Fuchs, K. Exner Bpm. 26 

(1890) 358-. 

exosmosis, experiments. Jeffreys, J, (nAdds.) 

Ph. Mg. 16 (1840) 10-. 
experimental mvestigation. Ritchie, W. B. 

S. P. 3 (1831) 61. 
explanation ; theory of residuo-capillary attrac- 
tion. Power, J. [1834] Camb. Ph. S. T. 

5 (1835) 205-. 
of gases, relation to function of respiration. 

Faust, E. D. Am. J. Md. Sc. 7 (1830) 28-. 
influence of pressure. Becquerel, A, C. C. B. 

75 (1872) 60-; Par. Ac. Sc. Mm. 88 (1873) 

327-. 

Evaporation of alcohol and fresh plant juices 
in animal bladders. Schweins^g, H. (?) 
(VI Adds.) Mg. Phm. 21 (1828) 22-. 

water from dilute alcohol through blad- 
der. Sommerring, S. T. van. [1809-20] 
Miinch. D. (1811-12) 278-; (1818-20) 245-; 
(1823-24) 101-. 

(von Sdmmerring). 

Geiger, P. L. (vi Adds.) Mg. Phm. 10 
(1825) 43-. 

Molecular mechanics, principles and applica- 
tions, and endosmosis. Fusinieri, A. A. Sc. 
Lomb. Yen. 8 (1838) 26-, 88-, 148-, 261-. 

— — , — , defence. Fusinieri, A, A. So. 
Lomb. Yen. 9 (1841) 289-; 12 (1842) {App.) 
88 + 27 + 13 pp. 

Osmosis of alcohol through gutta-percha. 
Gu4hhard, A. As. Fr. C. B. 8 (1879) 410-. 

— and its applications. Dubrttnfaut, — . C. 
B. 41 (1865) 834-. 

— applied to oenology. Carpent, A. [1878] 
(xn) St. Sp. Ag. It. 2 (1874) 14»-. 



66 



0310 Osmosis. Osmotic Pressure 

Osmosis as basis of persistent suspension. 
Skey, W, [1878] N. Z. I. T. 11 (1879) 48&-. 

— through bladder. [Witting , E, noTi]B&xterf 
— . GUbert A. 74 (1828) 424-. 

— of gases. Kii^hovik^t V, A, Bs. Ps.-G. 
8. J. 29 (C.) (1897) 627-. 

— , influence of flow of liquid, porosity of 
membrane, etc., on phenomena. Wibel, F, 
Hamb. Nt. Vr. Ab. 7 (Ah. 2) (1883) 67-. 

— , pressure. JWco, v. Bv. Sc.-lnd. 

28 a891) 186-, 268-. 

— of liquids through animal membranes. 
Flutin, G. C. K. 131 (1900) 1308-. 

caoutchouc membrane. Fltuin, G. 

C. B. 126 (1898) 1497-. 

— in plant and animal cells. Struve, H. 
[1876-76] St. P^t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 21 (1876) 
243- ; 22 (1877) 633-. 

ceUs. Traube,M. D. Nf. Tbl. (^1874) 

191-. 
. RHnke, J. Bt. Ztg. 33 (1876) 

426-. 
. Traube, M, Bt. Ztg. 36 (1878) 

241-, 657-, 673-, 689-. 
— through precipitated membranes. Tammanfit 

G. A. Ps. C. 34 (1888) 299-. 

— of salts and constitution of solutions. 
Enklaar, J. E. Arch. N^rl. 17 (1882) 232-. 

— , theory. Liebig, J. von. Lieb. A. 121 

(1862) 7a-. 
— , — . Nagy, I. [1886] Mag. Tud. Ak. Etk. 

(Termt.) 16 (1886) No. 14, 1- ; Mth. Nt. B. 

Ung. 3 (1884-86) 66-. 
— , — and uses. Dubrunfaut, — . Les Mondes 

14 (1867) 660-. 
Osmotic action in plants. Rodewald^ H, D. 

Bt. Gs. B. 10 (1892) 83-. 

— equilibrium. Gouy^ — , dt Chaperon, G. 
A. G. 13 (1888) 120-. 

. PoMOt, — . Par. S. Pa. S6. (1896) 

121-. 
and gravity. Gouy, — , db Chaperon^ O. 

J. de Ps. 8 (1889) 44-. 

— experiments witn living membranes. Vries, 
H. de. Z. Ps. C. 2 (1888) 416-. 

— force. Graham, T. Phil. Trans. (1864) 
177-. 

of dilute solutions. Frie«, H. de. G. B. 

97 (1883) 1083-. 

— investigations. Baranetzky, J. A. Ps. G. 
147 (1872) 196-. 

. Pfeffer, W. A. Ps. G. Beibl. 2 (1878) 

182-. 

— phenomena in filtration. JAvu^ J. V. (xn) 
Z. Zuckin. 2 (1873) 467-. 

OSMOTIG PBESSUBE. 

Planek, M. Z. Ps. G. 6 (1890) 187-. 
Badger, J. W. [1892] Nt. 47 (1892-93) 103-. 
Pickering, S. [1892] Nt. 47 (1892-93) 176-. 
Naeeari, A. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 2 (1893) 

[Sem. 1) 237-. 
Magnanini, G. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 2 (1893) 

(Sem. 1) 416-. 
Naeeari, A. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 2 (1893) 

(Sem. 2) 186-. 
Hoff, J. H. van't. Bv. Sc. 1 (1894) 677-. 



Osmotic Pressnre 0310 

Poynting, J. H. Ph. Mg. 42 (1896) 289-. 
Whetham, W. C. D. Nt. 64 (1896) 671-. 
Poynting, J. H. [1896] Nt. 66 (1896-97) 33. 
SpeyerB, C. L. Am. G. S. J. 20 (1898) 679-. 
of flJbuminous liquids, determination by lower- 
ing of freezing point. Hamburger, H. J. 

Bee. Tr. G. P.-Bas 13 (1894) 67-. 
and analogy between solutions and gases. 

Hoff, J. H. van't. Z. Ps. G. 1 (1887) 481-. 
of blood. Eijkman, C. Yirch. Arch. 143 

(1896) 448-. 
causes, and simplicity of laws of dilute solutions. 

Sutherland, W. Ph. Mg. 44 (1897) 493-. 
in cells of leaves. Dixon, H. H. [1896] Ir.Ac. 

P. 4 (1896-98) 61-. 
plants, determination of atomic weight 

by. Schreber, K. [1894] N.-Vorp. Mt. 26 

(1896) 161-. 

of concentrated solutions. Eioan, T. Z. Ps. 
G. 31 (1899) 22-. 

and contraction coefficient of saline solutions. 
Monti, V. Bv. Sc.-lnd. 26 (1893) 122-. 

dependence on affinity between solvent and 
solute. Jakovkin, A. A. Bs. Ps.-G. S. J. 29 
(C.) (1897) 649-. 

of dexU'ine and gum, molecular masses deter- 
mined by. Linebarger, C. E. Am. J. Sc. 43 
(1892) 426-. 

— dilute solutions (sugar) . Ponsot, A. G. B. 
126 (1897) 867-; Par. S. G. Bll. 19 (1898) 9-. 

. Ponsot, A. G. B. 128 (1899) 1447-. 

and dissociation and electrolysis. Bettel, W, 

S. Afr. G. Mtl. S. J. 2 (1899) 64-. 
. Oettingen, A. von. S. Afr. G. 

Mtl. S. P. 2 (1897-99) 643-, 656-. 
^- electrolytic aissociation. Armstrong, H. E. 

[1896] Nt. 56 (1896-97) 78-. 

. Traube, J. Berl. B. 31 (1898) 154-. 

estimation of alterations during electrolysis. 

Mott,—. [1895] Z. Elektch. (1895-96) 86-. 
experiment. Nemst, W. Z. Ps. G. 6 (1890) 37-. 

— (Nemst), and definition of osmotic pressure. 
Brovm, C. Edinb. B. S. P. 22 (1900) 439-. 

and freezing point. Arrhenius, S. A. Ps. G. 

61 (1894) 493-. 

and electric conductivity. Reicher, 

L. T. Mbl. Nt. (1888) 108-. 
of solutions. Dieterici, C. A. Ps. G. 

62 (1894) 263-. 

— heat of solution, theory. Dieterici, C. A. 
Ps, G. 45 (1892) 207-, 589-. 

influence of acids and alkalis on determination 
by means of red blood corpuscles. Ham- 
burger, H. J. Bee. Tr. G. P.-Bas 11 (1892) 
61-. 

— — molecular association of liquids on. 
Crompton, H. G. S. P. 13 (1898) 226-. 

isotonic coefficients of salts. Vries, H. de, Z. 

Ps. G. 3 (1889) 103-. 
measurement. Tammann, G. Z. Ps. G. 9 

(1892) 97-. 
— . Naccari, A. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 

(1897) (Sem. 1) 32-. 

of mixed solutions. Jakovkin, A. A. Bs. Ps.- 
G. 8. J. 32 (C.) (1900) 721- ; G. S. J. 80 
(1901) (Abs.,Pt. 2) Q7^. 

in mixtures of 2 solvents. Nemst, W. Z. Ps. 
G. 11 (1893) 1-. 



67 



£2 



0310 Osmotic Pressure 

molecular weight determinations from. Laden- 

bwg. A, Berl. B. 22 (1889) 1225-. 
nature. Meyer, L. Z. Ps. C. 5 (1890) 29-. 
— . Hoff, J. H. vanH, Z. Ps. C. 5 (1890) 

174-. 
— . Nannij R. Rm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 

(1890) (Sem. 1) 175-. 

— . Magnaninij O. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 2 

(1893) {Sem. 2) 268-. 

_, kinetic. Bredig, Q. Z. Ps. C. 4 (1889) 

AAA 

and partial pressure of mixed liquids. Gugliel- 

mo, G. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 1 (1892) 

(Sem. 1) 294-. 
produced by seeds absorbing water. Gr^hant, N. 

Par. S. Bl. Mm. 40 (1888) (C. R.) 850- ; 41 

(1889) (C. R.) 280-. 
relation to van*t HofiF's law. Goodtoin, H. M., 

dt Burgesi, G. K. Ps. Bv. 7 (1898) 171-. 
of salts in solution. Adie, R. H. C. S. J. 59 

(1891) 344-. 

ana semipermeable films. Gibbs, J. W. Kt. 

55 (1896-97) 461-. 
membrane. Kelvin, (Lord). Edinb. B. 

S. P. 21 (1897) 323-. 
of solutions of limited concentration. Etoan, T. 

[1893-94] Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. <S^ P. 8 

(1894) 130- ; Z. Ps. C. 14 (1894) 409-. 

and surface tension, relation between. Ar- 

rhenhu, S. Z. Ps. C. 3 (1889) 115-. 
of solutions, relation between. Moore, 

B. Ph. Mg. 38 (1894) 279-. 
theory. Gruzincev, A. P. [1894] Kharkov 

Mth. S. Com. 4 (1895) 165- ; Fschr. Ps. (1894) 

(Ab. 1) 555. 
— . Larmor, J. Camb. Ph. 8. P. 9 (1898) 

240-. 
— . Schreber, K. D. Nf. Vh. (1898) (Th. 2, 

HdlfU 1) 68-. 

— of Yan*t Hoff. Carnegie, D. J. C. N. 63 
(1891) 167-. 

, and kinetic gas theory. BoUz- 

mann, L. Z. Ps. C. 6 (1890) 474- ; 7 (1891) 

88-. 
, proof. Rayleigh, (Lord). Nt. 55 

(1896-97) 253-. 
, — (Bayleigh). Domuin, F. G, 

[1897] Nt. 57 (1897-98) 53-. 
— , and hypothesis of electrolytic dissociation. 

Crompton, H. C. S. J. 71 (1897) (Pt. 2) 

925-. 
— , molecular. Fuche, K. Ezner Bpm. 27 

(1891) 176-. 
-^, and nature of solutions. Pickering, S. U. 

L. Ps. 8. P. 10 (1890) 354-; Ph. Mg. 29 

(1890) 490-. 
and thermodynamics of solutions. Schiller, 

N. N. Bs. Ps-C. 8. J. 30 (Pt.) (1898) 159- ; 

A. Ps. C. 67 (1899) 291-. 

— vapour pressure. Noyet,A.A.,dtAbhot,C.G. 
[1896] Z. Ps. C. 23 (1897) 56-. 

, relation between. Noyes, A. A. Z. 

Ps. C. 35 (1900) 707-. 
of solutions. Raoult, F. M. C. B. 

105 (1887) 857-. 

— variance. Trevor, J. E. J. Ps. C. 1 (1896- 
97)849-. 



Biffiudon 0320 

Osmotic properties of cell, effect of different 

groups. Overton, E. Zflr. Vjachr. 41 (1896) 

(Festtekr., Th. 2) 383-. 
Permeability of membranes, and applicability to 

dialysis. Zott, A. A. Ps. C. 27 (1886) 829-. 
precipitated membranes, rajimiaiifi, G. 

05tt. Nr. (1891) 213-. 

— — — — (Tammann). Meerburg, J, H, 
Z. Ps. C. 11 (1893) 446-. 

red corpuscles, and isotonic ooeffioients. 

Hamburger, H. J. Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 7 

(1890) 15-. 
tiles. Raddi, A. Bv. So.Ind. 26 (1894) 

169-, 179-. 
Porous bodies, passage of alcoholic liquors 

through. Gal, H. C. B. 95 (1882) 844-; 

96 (1883) 338-. 

— plate, mixing of liquids through. Jeriehau, 
E. B. Pogg. A. 34 (1835) 613-. 

8emipermeable memoranes and diffusion. 

Walden, P. Z. Ps. C. 10 (1892) 699-. 
, nature. Mijert, J. Bee. Tr. G. P.-Bas 

17 (1898) 177-. 
, preparation. Kanovalov, D. P. Bs. Ps.- 

C. 8. J. 31 (C.) (1899) 153- ; C. Ztg. 23 

(1899) 336. 
Septum permeable to water but not to air. 

Thomson, (Sir) W. B. A. Bp. (1880) 488-. 
Solutions, tneory. Andrews, L, W. [1894] 

Iowa Ac. 8c. P. 2 (1895) 13-. 

0320 DifFoBion of Gases, Liqnids, 
and Solids. EfEtision. Trans- 
piration. {See also Chemistry 
7155.) 

Apparatus employed by Graham in his re- 
searches. RoberU-Atuten, W, C. Nt. 14 
(1876) 511-. 

DIFFUSION. 

FUk,A. Pogg. A. 94 (1855) 59-. 

Guillaume, —. Neuch. BU. 4 (1856-58) 235-. 

Hoffmann, H. Pogg. A. 117 (1862) 263-. 

Jahn, J. N. 2iva (1863) 56-. 

Dubrunfaut, — . C. B. 63 (1866) 838-; 66 

(1868) 354-. 
Luynet, V. de. J. Phm. 9 (1869) 189-, 191-. 
JottZtn, L. C. B. 90 (1880) 741- ; A. C. 22 

(1881)898-. 
JHxon, W. A. G. N. 60 (1889) 164. 
Anderttohn, A. Bresl. Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1890) 

(Ab. 2) 61-. 
coefficient, variation with temperature. Heen, 

— de. Brux. 8. 8c. A. 8 (1884) (Pt. 1) 69. 
coefficients, determination. Gribqjidov, S, 

Bs. Ps.C. 8. J. 25 (Pt.) (1893) 36-; J. de 

Ps. 3 (1894) 233. 
in cylinder under action of gravity. Dee 

Coudret, T. A, Ps. C. 55 (1895) 218-. 
equation, integration. Boltgmann, L. Mflnch. 

Ak. Sb. 24 (1895) 211-. 
equations, Kirchhoff*s, reduction. Farkae, G. 

Mth. Termt. its. 16 (1898) 201- ; Mth. Nt. 

B. Ung. 16 (1899) 97-. 



68 



0320 Difhuion of Oases 

and evaporation. Odling^ W, B. I. P. 7 
(1878) 156-. 

experiments. Beyerinck^ M, W. Z. Ps. G. 3 
(1889) 110-. 

graphio recorder. Reffnardt P* Par. S. Bl. 
Mm. 41 (1889) (C. R.) 14-. 

and the kinetic tneory. Maxwell, J, C. Nt. 
8 (1873) 39&>. 

phenomena. Hoppe-Seyler, F, [1866] Md. C. 
Us. 1 (1866-71) 1-. 

— . Wmer, F. D. C. Os. B. 4 (1871) 10-. 

— , evaporation and solution. Stefan, J, Wien 
Ak. Sb. 98 (1890) {Ab. 2a) 1418-. 

phenomenon. Lemsen, E, Erdm. J. Pr. C. 
85 (1862) 416-. 

prodaoed by temperatore differences, demonstra- 
tion. Ahegg, JR. Z. Ps. C. 26 (1898) 161-. 

static, of gases and liquids in relation to assimi- 
lation of carbon and translocation in plants. 
Brown, H, T, d Etambe, F. Phil. Trans. 
(B) 193 (1900) 223-. 

iheoiy. Dupri, A., dt DuprS, P. C. B. 62 
(1866) 1072-. 

— . Nemst, W. Z. Ps. C. 2 (1888) 613-. 

— . Bo^e, E, Z. Ps. 0. 29 (1899) 658-. 

— . Wiedeburg, 0. Z. Ps. C. 30 (1899) 686-. 

DIFFUSION OF GASES. 

Dalkm, J, [1803] Manch. Ph. S. Mm. 1 

(1805) 259-. 
Onion, W. Chemist 5 (1844) 112-. 
Thowuan, T. S. Ph. Mg. 25 (1844) 51-; 27 

(1845) 34&-; (vi Adds,) 25 (1844) 282-. 
Broek, J, H. van den, Utr. Scheik. Oz. 5 

(1851) 489-. 
Lang, V, von, Wien Sb. 63 (1871) {Ah. 2) 

604-. 
Wr6hlew8ki,Z, (xn) Kosmos (Lw.) 3 (1878) 8-. 
Moutier, J, Par. S. Phlm. Bll. 5 (1881) 136-. 
BolUmann, L. [1882-83] Wien Ak. Sb. 86 

(1883) {Ab, 2) 63-; 88 (1884) {Ab, 2) 835-. 
WaiU, K, A. Ps. C. 17 (1882) 201-, 351-. 
Oro98, Q. [1889] A. Ps. C. 40 (1890) 424-. 
Toepler, M, A. Ps. C. 58 (1896) 599-. 
BHUauin, M, [1899-1900] A. C. 18 (1899) 

433-; Sc. Abs. 4 (1901) 380-. 
Air and carbon dioxide, variability of coefficient 

of diffusion between. Hau$maninger, V, 

Wien Ak. Sb. 86 (1883) (Ab, 2) 1073-. 
— , diffusion through water. Barus, C, Am. 

J. Sc 9 (1900) 397-. 
— , moist and dry, diffusion between. Dufour, 

L, C. B. 78 (1874) 961- ; Laus. S. Vd. Bll. 

13 (1874-75) 16^, 608-. 
— • — , . Reusch, F. E, von. A, 

Ps. G. 152 (1874) 365-. 
— , , (Dufour). Kundt, A. A. 

Ps. 0. 2 (1877) 17-. 
— , passage of one kind into another through 

interposing substances. Priestley, J. Am. 

Ph. 8. T. 6 (1802) 14-. 
— , — through porous bodies with very small 

pressure differences. Christiani, A. Arch. 

An. PI. (PI. Ab,) (1882) 112-. 
Apparatus for demonstratiion. Dvordk, V. Nt. 

48 (1898) 79. 
. McLeod,H. Nt. 48 (1893 104. 



Difhsion of Oases 0320 

Atmolysis. Tegetmeier, W. B. Intell. Obs. 4 
a864) 414-. 

Atmolytic action of membrane of hen*s eggs. 
Rodendorf, A. A. Bs. Ps.-G. S. J. 31 (C.) 
(1899) 482-; G. Ztg. 23 (1899) 658-. 

— flow of gases. Christiansen, C, A. Ps. G. 
41 (1890) 565-. 

Buildmg materials, porosity. Mdrcker, M. 

A. Lndw. 58 (1871) 65-. 

, -.. Lang, C. Z. Bl. 11 (1875) 313-. 

Gaoutchouc, permeability to gases. Peyron, — . 

G. B. 13 (1841) 820-. 
— , porosity, dialysis of gas. Payen, A, G. B. 

63 (1866) 533-. 
Garbon dioxide, diffusion through liquids. 

Stefan, J, Wien Ak. Sb. 77 (1878) (Ab, 2) 

371-. 

— — , — — porous walls. Permeability of 
building materials for gases. Maercker, M, H. 
(xn) Lndw. Jb. 6 (1877) (Suppl, 1) 1-. 

Garbonic oxide, passage through cast iron 

stoves. Coidier, — . J. Phm. 8 (1868) 246-. 
Gement pores, laws of flow of gases through, 

uses in conduction of coal gas Viard, — . 

[1851] A. G. 43 (1855) 314-, 482-. 
Goefficients, dependence on temperature. 

Obermayer, A, von, Wien Ak. Sb. 81 (1880) 

(Ab. 2) 1102-. 
— , gases in water. HUfner, G, A. Ps. G. 60 

(1897) 134-. 

Golloidal membranes, passage of gases through. 

BarthiUmy, A. G. B. 77 (1873) 427-. 
Gonstants, gases in liquids, dependence on 

viscosity of liquid. WrtSblewski, S, von. 

[1878] A. Ps. G. 7 (1879) 11-. 
Dialysis and absorption of gases by colloid 

septa. Graham, T, Phil. Trans. 156 (1866) 

399-. 
Diffusion through absorbing substances. 

Wrdblewski, S, von. A. Ps. G. 158 (1876) 

539-. 
. Karlovszky, G. Termt. Kdzl. 

18 (1886) 369-, 40^. 
caoutchouc. Aronstein, L,, db Sirks, — . 

Z. G. 2 (1866) 260-. 
. Kayser, H. A. Ps. G. 43 (1891) 

544-. 
. Arsonval, — d*. G. B. 128 (1899) 

1545-. 
gelatin. Hagenbaeh, A, A. Ps. G. 65 

(1898) 673-. 

— — homogeneous solids. Sainte-Claire 
DevilU, IH. non] C. J. G. B. 59 (1864) 102-. 

— — hydrophane of Gzemowitza. HUfner, 
C. G, A. Ps. G. 16 (1882) 253-. 

— — liquid films. Pranghe, J, A. Ps. G. 
Beibl. 2 (1878) 202-. 

— in liquid, viscous and solid substances, laws, 
Wrdblewski, Z, (xn) Kosmos (Lw.) 3 (1878) 
95-, 151-, 199-, 247-; (xi) A. Ps. G. 2 
(1877) 481-. 

^ and occlusion of gases. Carteighe,M. Phm. 
J. 3 (1873) 870-. 

— through porous bodies. Matteucci, C. C. 
B. 57 (1863) 251-. 

— without porous partition. Losehmidt, J. 
Wien Sb. 61 (1870) (Ab. 2 )367-; 62 (1870) 
(Ab. 2) 468-. 



69 



0320 Difftision of Gases 

Di£faBion through porous partition. Hanu- 
mann, G. A. Ps. C. 21 (1884) 545-. 

, theory. Kirchhoff^ O. A. Ps. C. 

21 (1884) 563-. 

— and pressure of gases. Bloxam, J. C« Br. 
Met. S. P. 2 (1865) 871-. 

— , — question whether glass is impenetrable 
for gases. Quincke, G. R, A. Ps. G. 180 
(1877) 118-. 

separation of gases. Chraham^ T, QJ. 

So. (1829) {Pt, 2) 74-. 

— through walls of soap bubbles. Miiller, 
F, C. G. Berl. B. 7 (1874) 1401-. 1762-; 
Osnab. Jbr. 2 (1875) 19-. 

water and agar jelly. HUfner, O, Z. 

Ps. C. 27 (1898) 227-. 
Dynamical theory. Stefan, J. Wien Sb. 65 

(1872) lAb. 2) 323-. 
Effect on temperature. Dufour, L. [1873] 

(iz) Laus. S. Vd. Bll. 12 (1874) 349-. 
Experiment, lecture-. Winkelmann, A, A. Ps. 

C. 27 (1886) 479-. 
— , — . BilU, H, Z. Ps. C. 9 (1892) 152-. 
— , — . Kirkland, J. B, Aust. As. Rp. (1892) 

265-. 
— , — . Cundall, J, T, [1898] C. S. P. 14 

(1899) 40-, XXXV. 
Experiments. Benigar, J. Wien Sb. 62 (1870) 

{Ab. 2) 687-. 
— . Obermayer^ A. von, Wien Ak. Sb. 85 

(1882) {Ab. 2) 147-, 748-; 87 (1883) (Ab. 2) 

188- ; 96 (1888) {Ab, 2) 546-. 
Graham's aiscoveries. Odling, W, [1867] 

R. I. P. 5 (1869) 12-. 
Hydrogen, passage through iron. Bellati, 3f., 

dt Lussana, S. Yen. I. At. (1889-90) 1173- ; 

(1890-91) 987-. 
— , palladium septum. Ramsay , W. L. 

Ps. S. P. 13 (1895) 172- ; Ph. Mg. 38 (1894) 

206-. 
— , solid bodies. Lauyet, P. Brux. Ac. 

Bll. 15 (1848) {pU. 2) 297-. 
Law. Graham, T. [1831] Edinb. B. S. T. 12 

(1834) 222-. 
— . Howorth, H, H. [1874] Manch. Lt. Ph. 

S. P. 14 (1875) 51-. 
— , Graham's. Thomson, T. S. Ph. Mg. 4 

(1834) 321-. 
— , — . Boussinesq, J, C. R. 67 (1868) 319-. 
— , — , consequences. Poggendorff, J, C. 

Pogg. A. 28 (1833) 347-. 
Method of investigation, new. Lang, V, von, 

Wien Sb. 61 (1870) {Ab. 2) 288-. 
Migration and siphoning of gases. Bellamy, F, 

C. R. 83 (1876) 669-. 
Mixed gases. Wretsehko, A, Wien Sb. 62 

(1870) {Ab. 2) 575-. 
, molecular motion. Thomsen, J. D. C. 

Gs. B. 4 (1871) 595-. 
Molecular mobility of gases. Graham, T. Phil. 

Trans. (1863) 385-; C. R. 57 (1863) 181-. 
Movement engendered by diffusion. Sainte^ 

Claire Deville, E, H, C. R. 90 (1880) 

18-. 
Movements of gases under influence of gravity. 

Wanklyn, J, A. Ph. Mg. 22 (1861) 211-. 
Penetration of gases. Mitchell, J, K, Am. J. 

Md. Sc. 13 (1833) 100-. 



Difftision of Oases and Liquids 0320 

Penetration into red-hot earthenware pipes. 

Lauwerenburgh, A,, Deimann, — , l^oostwyk^ 

— van, dt Vrolik, — . Scherer J. C. 4 (1800) 

1-. 
Penetrativeness of gases and liquids. MiUheUp 

J, K. Am. J. Md. So. 7 (1830) 36-. 
Perfectly elastic gases of constant temperature^ 

diffusion in space. Meis»el,E, [1872] Aroh. 

Mth. Ps. 55 (1873) 225-. 
Physics of smell. (Presidential address, Math. 

and Phys. Sect.) Ayrton, W. E, B. A. Rp. 

(1898) 767-. 
Platinum, hot, diffusion of hydrogen through. 

Sainte-Claire Deville, H., dt Trooit, L. C. 

R. 56 (1863) 977-. 
— , permeation by gases. RandaU, W. W, 

Am. C. J. 19 (1897) 682-. 
Poroscope. Christiani, A, (xn) Berl. Ps. Gs. 

Vh. 1 (1882) 10-. 
Rapid diffusion, case. Pettenkofer, M. von. 

Miinch. Sb. (1872) 263-. 
Separation of gases by diffusion, theoretical 

considerations. Rayleigh, {Lord), Ph. Mg. 

42 (1896) 493-. 
Thermodiffusion, gaseous. Merget, A, C. R. 

78 (1874) 884-. 
_, _ (Merget). Kundt, A, A. Ps. C. 2 (1877) 

17-. 
— , — , in cast-iron. Merget, A. As. Fr. C. R. 

(1877) 311-. 
— , — , experiments. Merget, A, [1879] Bor- 
deaux S. Sc. Mm. 3 (1880) xxviii-. 
— , — , of moist pulverulent fx>dies. Merget, A. 

As. Fr. C. R. (1875) 354-. 
— , — , new observation. Merget A. [1877] 

Lyon S. Ag. A. 10 (1878) xl-. 
Vapour, mercury. Merget, A, [1879] Bor- 
deaux S. Sc. Mm. 3 (1880) xix-. 
Yapours, diffusion Uirough porous cells. 

Puluj, J. Wien Ak. Sb. 75 (1877) (Ab. 2> 

401-, 639-. 
— and gases. Winkelmann, A. A. Ps. C. 22 

(1884) 1-, 152-. 
Walls of vessels, influence on movement and 

composition of gases which penetrate them. 

Sainte-Claire DeviUe, H. C, R. 52 (1861) 

524-. 
Water vapour in atmosphere. Jungk, C. O. 

A. Ps. C. 130 (1867) 1-. 
. Boltthauser, G, A, Catania At. 

Ac. Gioen. 5 (1871) 157-. 
, diffusion coefficient in air, hydrogen and 

carbon dioxide. Chuglielmo, G, Tor. Ac. Sc. 

At. 18 (1882) 93-. 
, imperviousness of valves of air-pump to. 

Laepeyres, E. A, H. A. Ps. C. 2 (1877) 

478-. 
Work produced by diffusion, apparatus to 

illustrate. Woodward, C. J. L. Ps. S. P. 

5 (1884) 317- ; Ph. Mg. 16 (1883) 375-. 

DIFFUSION OF LIQUIDS. 

Graham, T. [1849] Phil. Trans. vl850) 1-, 

805- ; (1851) 483-. 
BeiUtein, F. Lieb. A. 99 (1856) 165-. 
(BeUstein.) Fick, A. Lieb. A. 102 (1857) 

97-. 

70 



0320 



Difltision of Liquids 



0320 



Voit, E. A. Ps. C. 180 (1867) 227-, 893-. 
May, J, Carl Rpm. 11 (1875) 185-. 
JohannUjanz, A, [1876] A. Ps. C. 2 (1877) 

24—, 
Stefan, J. [1878-79] Wien Ak. 8b. 78 (1879) 

{Ah. 2) 957-; 79 (1879) (Ah, 2) 161-. 
Weber, H. F. Zm, Vjaohr. 23 (1878) 826-. 
Long, J. H. [1879] Ph. Mg. 9 (1880) 818-, 

413-. 
Coleman, J. J, Glasg. Ph. S. P. 18 (1887) 

196- ; Ph. Mg. 28 (1887) 1-. 
Gabriel, S. C. Ztg. 11 (1887) 476. 
Wiedeburg, O. A. Ps. C. 41 (1890) 675-. 
AlbamlnoQS liquids in contact with distilled 

water. CommaiUe, A. Mm. Md. Mil. 27 

(1871) 467-. 
Apparatus. Coleman, J. J, Edinb. B. S. P. 

14 (1888) 874-; 15 (1889) 249-. 
Application to analysis. Graham, T, C. B. 

53 (1861) 275-; Phil. Trans. (1861) 183-. 

— of photometry. Wrdblewttki, Z. (xn) Krk. 
Ak. (Mi.^Prt,) Bz. & Sp. 8 (1881) 154-, 
xxxiz-; (n) A. Ps. C. 18 (1881) 606-. 

Coefficient of sodium chloride. Marini, L. 

Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 4 (1895) (Sem, 2) 

135-. 
Coefficients, determination. NiemdUer, F, A. 

Ps. C 47 (1892) 694-. 
— , solvents other than water, temperature 

variation. Heen, P. de, Brux. Ac. Bll. 19 

(1890) 197-. 
Constants, estimation for salt solution into 

pure solvents. Simmler, R. T., dt Wild, H, 

Pogg. A. 100 (1857) 217-, 660. 
Diffusion through cracks in glass. Fischer, 

N. W. Pogg. A. 10 (1827) 481-. 

— in cylindrical vessels. Ueez, R, Z. Mth. 
Ps. 10 (1865) 858-. 

— equilibrium of salt solution not at uniform 
temperature. Horttmann, A, [1879] Heidi. 
Nt. Md. Vh. 2 (1880) 818-. 

— figures. Martini, T. [1877-89] Nt. 17 
(1878) 87-; (xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 10 (1878) 24-; 
(x) N. Cim. 9 (1881) 156- ; Ven. I. At. 
(1888-89) 828-. 

— of liquids and absorption by solids. Cantoni, 
G. Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 1 (1864) 183-. 

— through membranes. Schumacher, W, 
Pogg. A. 110 (1860) 387-. 

— and osmosis. Krysingki, S. Jena. Sb, 
(1884) 22-. 

— through porous diaphragms. Brilcke, E, 
Pogg. A. 58 (1848) 77-. 

Electric phenomena. Gerich, A, (xn) N. Bs. 

S. Nt. Mm. 8 {No, 1) (1882) 35 pp. 
Experiment, lecture-. Vries, H. de, [1884] 

MbL Nt (1882-84) 118- ; Arch. N^ri. 20 

(1886) 86-. 
— , remarkable. Biimstein, R, Berl. Ps. Gs. 

Vh. (1888) 9-. 
Fresh water, diffusion into sea water. Thoulet, J, 

C. B. 112 (1891) 1068-. 
Law. Vernon, H, M. C. N. 62 (1890) 

275-. 
— , and new diffusiometers. XJmov, N, Bs. 

Pb.4?. S. J. 23 (P$,) (1891) 835-. 
Ifercniy, passage through lead. Henry, J. 

[1889] Am. Ph. S. P. 1 (1840) 82-. 



Metals and alloys, solution and diffusion in 
mercury. Humphrey », W. J, C. S. J. 69 
(1896) 1679-. 

— in mercury, diffusion constants. Meyer, G, 
A. Ps. C. 61 (1897) 225- ; 64 (1898) 752-. 

, — and solution. Humphrey », W. J, 

C. S. J. 69 (1896) 243-. 
, — (Humphreys). Roberts- 

Autten, — . C. S. P. 12 (1897) 219-. 
Microhydrophorus (instrument for transfusion 

experiments, etc.). Gregorio, A. de, [1892] 
• Palermo Ac. At. 8 (1895) (Sc, Nt.) 48 (ter)-. 
Molecular diffusion. Chevrier, G. (xn) Metz 

Ac. Mm. 49 {Pt. 2) (1869) 207-. 

— force, influence. Wrdblewski, Z, [1881] 
(xn) Krk. Ak. {Mt.-Prz.) Bz. & Sp. 9 (1882) 
245-, xvii-. 

Movement engendered by diffusion. SainXe- 
Claire DevUU, E, H, C. B. 90 (1880) 
18-. 

Organic and inorganic compounds. Schefer, 
J, D, R. [1881-83] Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 17 

(1882) 312- ; 19 (1884) 89-; Arch. N^eri. 18 

(1883) 325-. 

Penetrativeness of gases and liquids. MitcheU, 
J. K. Am. J. NId. Sc. 7 (1830) 36-. 

Salts, acid solutions of mixtures of, experi- 
ments. HinUregger, F. Berl. B. 12 (1879) 
1619-. 

— , diffusion during evaporation of solutions. 
Fusinieri, A. A. Sc. Lomb. Ven. 6 (1886) 
241-. 

— in solution. Lang, J. H. [1879] A. Ps. C. 
9 (1880) 613-. 

. Sehuhmeiater, J. Wien Ak. Sb. 79 

(1879) {Ab. 2) 603-. 
. Enklaar, J. E, Utr. Prv. Gn. 

Aant. (1881) 32-. 
, coefficient of diffusion, temperature 

variation. Heen, P. de. Brux. Ac. Bll. 8 

(1884) 219-. 

— — — , diffusion, regularity. Sachsee, R. 
C. CB. 5 (1874) 287-. 

, — , simultaneous. Marignac,J, C, G. 

de, C. B. 78 (1874) 1523- ; Arch. Sc. Ps. 

Nt. 60 (1874) 89-. 
, — in water. Beez, — . Schldmilch 

Z. 4 (1859) 212- ; 7 (1862) 327-. 
Solutions, aqueous. Scheffer, J, D. R, Z. Ps. 

C. 2 (1888) 390-. 
— , — . Arrhenius, S, Sk. Nf. F. (1892) 

358-. 
— , dilute, effect of initial concentration. 

Kawalki, W. A. Ps. C. 59 (1896) 637-. 

— of unequal temperature. Ludwig, C, Wien 
SB. 20 (ia56) 539. 

— , viscous. Eckhard, C, (vi Adds,) Btr. 

An. PI. 3 (1863) 51-. 
Substances in solution. Abegg, R, Stockh. 

Ofv. (1892) 517-. 
. Arrhenius, S, [1892] Stockh. Ak. 

Hndl. Bh. 18 {Afd. 1) (1893) No, 8, 52 pp. ; 

Z. Ps. C. 10 (1892) 51-. 
. Wiedeburg, 0, Z. Ps. C. 10 (1892) 

509-. 
. Pickenng, 8. U. Ph. Mg. 35 (1898) 

127-. 



71 



0320 



Effusion and Transpiration 



Liquids 0820 



Snbstanoes in solution, apparatus for measuring 
diffusion. Griffiths, A, L. Ps. S. P. 16 (1899) 
44a- ; Ph. Mg. 47 (1899) 630-. 

Wateri diffusion through indiarubber. Lundie, 
a. A. Edinb. B. S. P. 22 (1900) 258-. 

DIFFUSION OF SOLIDS. 

Cohan, A. C. B. 94 (1882) 26-. 
Carbon. FioUe, J. G. B. 94 (1882) 28-. 
Gold, in solid lead. BoherU Austen, (Sir) W. 

[1900] B. S. P. 67 (1901) 101-. 
Impalpable powder, into solid body. Marsden, 

R, S. Edinb. B. S. P. 10 (1880) 712-. 
Metals, inter-diffusion. Des Coudres, T, D. 

Nf. Vh. (1890) {Th, 2) 64-. 
— , solid and fluid. Roberts-Austen, W. C. 

PhU. Trans. (A) 187 (1897) 883-. 
— , — , — fluids, properties common to. 

RoherU' Austen, W. C. [1886] B. I. P. 11 

(1887) 396-. 
Solids, inter-diffusion. Colson, A, C. R. 93 

(1881) 1074-. 
Sulphides, diffusion through steel. Campbell, 

E. D. Am. C. J. 18 (1896) 707-. 

EFFUSION. 

of gases. Graham, T, B. A. Bp. (1846) (pt. 2) 

28 ; Phil. Trans. (1846) 673- ; (1849) 349-. 
. Neyreneuf, V. C. B. 90 (1880) 1487- ; 

92 (1881) 713-. 
. Mitinskij, A. I, Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 30 

{Ps.) (1898) 206- ; J. de Ps. 9 (1900) 67. 
, laws. Sandrucci, A. Bm. B. Ao. Lino. 

Bd. 2 (1893) {Sem. 2) 209-. 
, lecture experiment. Freer, P, C, Z. 

Ps. C. 9 (1892) 669-. 

— — (air) at different pressures through 
different orifices and tubes. Magrini, L. 
MU. At. I. Lomb. 1 1(1868) 333-. 

through small orinoe at different tempe- 
ratures. Timofejew, W. Z. Ps. C. 6 (1890) 
686-. 

in thin wall. Segnitz, E. Pogg. 

A. Ill (1860) 474-. 

— hydrogen. Osann, G, Erdm. J. Pr. C. 18 
(1839) 486-. 

velocities of efflux, specific heats and mean 
squares of velocity for gases, relations. 
Franchis, G. de, Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 1 
(1886) 208-, 884. 

TBANSPIBATION. 

GASES. 

Faraday, M. A. C. 6 (1817) 298- ; QJ. So. 7 

(1819) 106-. 
Graham, T. B. A. Bp. (1846) {pt, 2) 28; 

Phil. Trans. (1846) 673- ; (1849) 349-. 
Air, effect of temperature. G\ithrie, Francis, 

L. Ps. S. P. 2 (1879) 246-; Ph. Mg. 6 

(1878) 433-. 

— at different pressures, flow through granular 
materials. Tufts, F. L. [1900] N. Y. Ao. 
A. 13 (1900-01) 608-. 



Air, velocity. Zwaardemaker, H, [1900] Cb. 

PI. 14 (1901) 386-. 
Dimensional properties of matter in gaseous 

state. Reynolds, O. [1879] Phil. Trans. 

170 (1880) 727-. 
Thermal transpiration. Reynolds, O. B. 8. P. 

30 (1880) 300-. 
Vapours. Meyer, L. Berl. B. 11 (1878) 20S-; 

A. Ps. C. 7 (1879) 497-. 
— . Meyer, L., db Schumann, 0. Berl. B. 14 

(1881) 693-; A. Ps. C. 13 (1881) 1-. 
— . Steudd, V. A. Ps. G. io (1882) 360-. 
— . Meyer, L. A. Ps. C. 16 (1882) 394-. 

LIQVIDS. 

Girard,P,S. Par. Mm. de PI. (1813-15) 249-; 

Par. Mm. Ac. Sc. 1 (1816) 187-, 260-. 
Lehot, C. J, Gilbert A. 66 (1820) 64-. 
PoiseuilU, J. L. M. Par. 8. Phhn. PV. (1838) 

1-; G. B. 11 (1840) 961-, 1041-; 12 (1841) 

112- ; Par. Mm. Sav. Etr. 9 (1846) 433-. 
(Poiseuille.) Regnault, V. G. B. 16 (1842) 

1167- 
Poiseuille, J. L. M. G. B. 24 (1847) 1074- ; 

A. G. 21 (1847) 76-. 
Mathieu, 6. G. B. 67 (1863) 320-. 
(Poiseuille.) Boussinesq, J. G. B. 65 (1867) 

46-. 
Tait, P. G. [1873] (xi) Edinb. B. 8. P. 8 

(1876) 208-. 
Gueraut, A. G. B. 78 (1874) 361- ; 81 (1875) 

1026- ; 83 (1876) 1291-. 
Nagy,L Reg^xzy-. [1883] (xn) Mag. Tud. 

Ak. Etk. (Term.) 13 (1884) (No. 7) 1-; Mth. 

Nt. B. Ung. 1 (1882-83) 232-. 
CoUon, A, G. B. 113 (1891) 740-. 
Ghemical composition, transpiration in relation 

to. Graham, T. G. B. 63 (1861) 774- ; Phil. 

Trans. (1861) 373-. 
Effect of temperature. Guerout, A. G. B. 79 

(1874) 1201-. 
Evaporation and transpiration, influence of 

electricity. Wirtz, W, A. Ps. G. 87 (1889) 

616-. 
Mercury. Warburg, E. A. Ps. G. 140 (1870) 

367-. 
— . ViUari, E. Bologna Ao. Sc. Mm. 6 (1875) 

487-. 
Microrheometer, apparatus for measuring rate 

of transpiration. Hannay, J. B, [1878] 

PhU. Trans. 170 (1879) 275-. 
— , Hannay's, viscosity of water determined by. 

Bamett, R. E, B. S. P. 66 (1894) 25^. 
Passage through filters, capillary tubes, etc. 

Brunhes, J. [1879] TouJ. Ao. So. Mm. 8 

(1881) (App,) 161 pp. 
Poiseuille's law, deviations from. Wetzstein, G. 

A. Ps. G. 68 (1899) 441-. 
, lecture demonstration. RUntgen, TT. C. 

A. l>s. G. 20 (1883) 268-. 
Salt solutions. SchuUe, F, G. GB. 3 (1872) 

706-. 
. Hiibener, T. A. Ps. G. 160 (1873) 

248-. 
Use of transpiration in scienoe and technology. 

Loewenthal, J, Fresenios Z. 10 (1871) 298-; 

11 (1872) 43-. 



72 



0325 Visoosity of FlnidB 

0325 ViBcodty of Fluids (Internal 
Friction). iSee oho Chemistry 
7170.) 

LwndquUt, C. O. Ups. Irsk. (1875) (Mth.) 

(No, 8) 26 pp. 
Wtjkander, E. A. [1878] A. Pb. C. Beibl. 8 

(1879) 8-. 
SlotU, K. F, Helsingf. 5fv. 82 (1890) 116-. 
MUUel, K, A. Ps. C. 48 (1891) 15-; 44 (1891) 

787. 
Brodmann, C. A. Ps. 0. 45 (1892) 159-. 

SlotU, K, F. Helsingf. Ofv. 87 (1895) 11-. 
Change of order of visooeity on passing from 

fluid to solid. Baru», C. Ph. Mg. 29 (1890) 

837-. 
Damping of oscillations by air. Sang, E. 

Edinb. B. S. P. 16 (1890) 181-. 

— — — in measuring instruments, by air. 
Tnpler, A, A. Ps. C. 149 (1878) 416-. 

— — — of solids in fluids. KlemeriHit I. 
[1881] Wien Ak. Sb. 84 (1882) (Ab. 2) 
146-. 

Fluids in corresponding states. Haas, M. de. 

Amst. Ak. Vs. [2] (1894) 126- ; 8 (1895) 

62-. 
Measure, absolute, for viscosity. Ohermayer, 

A, von, Carl Bpm. 15 (1879) 682-. 

MEASUREMENT OF VISCOSITY, 

MarguUs, M. Wien Ak. Sb. 88 (1881) {Ab. 2) 

588-. 
Redwood, B. S. C. In. J. 5 (1886) 121- ; 6 

(1887) 412. 
MiiU, E. J, S. C. In. J. 5 (1886) 148-. 
Af«Gitt, A. [1894] Cn. Be. Sc. 6 (1896) 158-. 
Oiiye, P. A,, dt Friderieh, L, Par. S. C. Bll. 

19 (1898) 164-. 
correction for ends of tubes. Couette, M. J. de 

Ps. 9 (1890) 560-. 
improvements. Kisiling, R, Z. Angew. C. 

(1896) 601-. 
and influence of magnetisation and electrifica- 
tion. K&nig, W, A. Ps. C. 25 (1885) 618-. 
method. Meuer, 0, E. A. Ps. C. 43 (1891) 1-; 

44 (1891) 787. 
— , efflux. Hagenbaeh, E. Basel Vh. 2 (1860) 

682-. 
— , Maxwell's. Schmidt, T. S, A. Ps. C. 16 

(1882) 63a . 

— of oscillating discs. Qroismann, L, [1880] 
A. Pb. C. 16 (1882) 619-. 

— — oscillations. Meyer, 0. E, [1887] 
Munch. Ak. Sb. 17 (1888) 843-; Bresl. Schl. 
Os. Jbr. (1887) 173-. 

ViMcoHmeters, 

Babcoek, 8. M. [1886] J. Anal. C. 1 (1887) 

151-. 
Engler, C. Z. Angew. C. (1892) 725-. 
Lunge's. Seheurer, F. Mulhouse S. In. Bll. 

66 (1896) 57-. 
lor oils. W., V. ' Bv. So.-Ind. 18 (1886) 210-. 



Viscosity of Oases 0325 

for oils. Engler, C, dt KUnkler, A. Dingier 
276 (1890) 42-; 279 (1891) 115-. 

. Zukovskij, N, E, Mosc. S. Sc. Bll. 78 

{No. 1) (1891) 25-; Fschr. Ps. (1891) (Ab. 1) 
262. 

(lubricating). KUnkler, A. Dingier 290 

(1893) 281-. 

simple. Wendriner, M, Z. Angew. C. (1894) 
545-. 

~. KUsling, R. Z. Angew. C. (1894) 642. 

standards. Engler, C. Dingier 286 (1892) 210-. 

for sugar manufacture. Dupont, F, Z. Vr. 
Biibenzuckin. 47 (1897) {Th. ^ 926-. 

torsion-. Doolittle, 0. S. Am. £ng. & Bail- 
road J. 67 (1898) 583-. 



Oil and air, friction between. MarkovtU, S, 

Wien Ak. Sb. 100 (1891) {Ab, 2a) 785-. 
Pendulums, motion, effect of viscosity. Stokee^ 

O. Q, [1850] Camb. Ph. S. T. 9 (1856) [8]-. 
Physico-chemical investigation, new metnod. 

Hannay, J. B. Glasg. Ph. S. P. 11 (1879) 

484-. 
Beeistance and viscosity. Rennie, G, Phil. 

Trans. (1831) 423-. 
Theory. Meyer, 0. E. Crelle J. Mth. 78 

(1874) 130- ; 80 (1875) 815-. 
Variation with chemical composition. Handl, 

A„dt'PHhram,R, [1878-81] Wien Ak. Sb. 

78 (1879) (^6. 2) 113- ; 80 (1880) {Ab. 2) 17-; 

84 (1882) (Ab. 2) 717-. 
density. Warburg, E., (C Babo, C. H, L. 

von, A. Ps. C. 17 (1882) 390-. 
temperature. Barus, C. Am. J. Sc. 44 

(1892) 255. 
and chemical composition. GraeU, 

— . D. Nf. Tbl. (1887) 83. 

— — — , empirical formulfB. Duff, A. W, 
Ps. Bv. 4 (1897) 404-* 

, Bosencranz's observations. Meyer, 

0. E. A. Ps. C. 2 (1877) 387-. 

velocity. ilie,B, J. de Ps. 1 (1882) 224-. 

VISCOSITY OF GASES, 

Faraday, M. A. C. 5 (1817) 298-. 

Meyer, 0. E. A. Ps. C. 125 (1865) 177-, 401-, 

564-; 127 (1866) 253-, 853-; 148 (1873) 1-, 

203-. 
Meyer, O.E.,dt SpHngmUM, F. [1872] A. Ps. 

C. 148 (1873) 52&-. 
Friction at a distance. Govi, G, Tor. At. Ac. 

Sc. 5 (1869-70) 199-. 
— , ethereal. Stewart, B, B. A. Bp. 43 (1878) 

(Sect,) 32-. 
— , — . Hicki, W. M. Camb. Ph. S. P. 2 

(1876) 422-. 
Frictional or viscous resistance in the ether. 

Rowland t H.A,, Gilbert, N.E.,db McJunekin, 

P. a J. H. Un. Cir. [19 (1899-1900)] 60. 
Oases at high exhaustions. Crookes, W. [1881] 

PhU. Trans. 172 (1882) 387-* 
, decrement of arc of oscillating 

plate. Stokes, G, G. [1881] Phil. Trans. 

172 (1882) 435-. 

— — — temperatures. Barns, C. Am. J. 
Sc. 35 (1888) 407- ; A. Ps. C. 86 (1889) 858-. 



73 



0325 Viscosity of Specified Oases 

Heating of rotating disc in vacuo. Stewart, B., 

db Tait, P. G. B. S. P. 14 (1865) 90, 889-; 

16 (1867) 290- ; 21 (1878) 809-. 
(Stewart and Tait). Meyer , 

O. E. A. Ps. C. 185 (1868) 285-; 186 (1869) 

880-. 
(Meyer). Stewart , P., dt 

Tait, P, G, (n) A. Pb. C. 186 (1869) 165-. 
Molecular force, and viscosity of gases. Suther- 
land, W. Ph. Mg. 36 (1893) 607-. 
Theory. Boltzmann, L, Wien Ak. Sb. 81 

(1880) {Ab. 2) 117- ; 84 (1882) (Ah. 2) 40-, 

1280-. 
Variation with molecalar volume. J&ger, G, 

Wien Ak. Sb. 108 (1899) (Ah. 2a) 447-; 109 

(1900) (Ah. 2a) 74-. 
teonperature. Ohermayer, A. von. Wien 

Ak. Sb. 78 (1876) (Ah. 2) 488-. 
. Wiedemann, E, E. G. Arch. Sc. 

Ps. Nt. 66 (1876) 277-. 
(gases and vapours). Schumann, 0. 

A. Ps. C. 28 (1884) 353-. 
. Breitenhach, P. A. Ps. C. 67 (1899) 

803—. 
L. Rayleigh, (Lord). [1900] R. S. P. 

67 (1901) 137-. 
Very rarefied gas, apparatus for demonstrating 

friction in. Kundt, A. A. Ps. C. 158 (1876) 

568-, 660. 

« 

Viscosity of Specified Gases. 

Air. Schneeheli, H. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 14 

(1885) 197-. 
— , expmments. Murray, J. E. [1890] Glasg. 

Ph. S. P. 22 (1891) 199-. 

— and other gases. Maxwell, J, C. Phil. 
Trans. 156 (1866) 249-. 

— ; measurement. Tomlinson,H. [1886] Phil. 

Trans. 177 (1887) 767-, 795-. 
— ; — . Stokes, G. G. [1886] Phil. Trans, 

177 (1887) 786-. 
— ; — . (Pendulums, effect of rotation of ball 

on logarithmic decrement.) Stokes, G. G. 

[1886] Phil. Trans. 177 (1887) 789-. 
— ; — . Fabry, C, db Perot, A. C. R. 124 

(1897) 281- ; A. C. 13 (1898) 275-. 
— ; — , Maxwell's method. Meyer, 0. E. 

A. Ps. C. 143 (1871) 14-. 
— ; — by oscillations. Braun, W., <t Kurt, A. 

Carl Rpm. 18 (1882) 569-; 19 (1883) 848-. 
— ; . Meyer, 0, E. Carl Rpm. 18 

(1882) 697-. 

— ; . Kurz, A . Exner Rpm. 19 (1888) 

605-. 

— , passage through porous bodies with very 

small pressure differences. Christiani, A. 

Arch. An. PI. (PI. Ah.) (1882) 112-. 
— , variation with temperature. Ohermayer, A, 

von. Wien Ak. Sb. 71 (1875) (^6. 2) 281-. 
— , . Holman, S. W. [1876-86] Am. 

Ac. P. 12 (1877) 41-; 21 (1886) 1-. 
— , . Keen, P. de. Brux. Ac. Bll. 16 

(1888) 195-. 
Argon and helium. Rayleigh, (Lord). Nt. 52 

(1895) 583 ; R. S. P. 59 (1896) 198-. 
— , variation with temperature. Rayleigh, 

(Lord). R. S. P. 66 (1900) 68-. 



Viscosity of Liquids 0325 

Hydrogen, variation with moisture. RayleigK 

(Lord). R. S. P. 62 (1898) 112-. 
Mercury vapour. Noyes, A. A., dt Goodwin^ 

H. M. [1896] Am. Ac. P. 32 (1897) 225-. 
, variation wiUi temperature. Koch, S. 

A. Ps. C. 19 (1888) 857-. 
Steam at high temperatures. Cantone, M^ 

Rm. R. Ac. Line. Mm. 19 (1884) 258-. 

VISCOSITY OF LIQUIDS. 

Been, P. de. Brux. Ac. Bll. 45 (1878) 798-. 
Marangani, C. (xn) Rv. So.-Ind. 11 (1879> 

144-, 188-. 
Pagliani, S., (& BatuUi, A. Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 

20 (1885) 607-, 845-. 
Pagliani, S., dt Oddone, E. Tor. Ao. Sc. At. 

22 (1886-87) 314-. 
Graetz, L. A. Ps. G. 84 (1888) 25-. 
Perry, J. L. Ps. S. P. 12 (1894) 286-; Ph. 

Mg. 35 (1898) 441-. 
Jones, 0. G. L. Ps. S. P. 18 (1895) 49-; Ph. 

Mg. 87 (1894) 451-. 
Petroff, N. St. P6t. Ao. So. BU. 5 (1896) 

865-. 
Bibliography, 1800-1889. Gee, W. W. H. 

Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. & P. S (1890) 

128-. 
Definition. Hagenbach-Bischof, E. Arch. So. 

Ps. Nt. 34 (1895) 877-. 
Elastic after-effect and viscosity. Roiti, A. 

N. Cim. 3 (1878) 5-. 
Electrolytes, solutions. Euler, H, Z. Ps. C. 

25 (1898) 586-. 
Elements. Pacher, G. Yen. I. At. (1897-98) 

516-. 
Figures of viscosity. Issel, A. Bmx. S. Big. 

Gl. Bll. (1889) (Mim.) 450-. 
Fluidity measurer, theory. Heyer, — . [1898] 

St. Gal. B. (1898-94) 98-. 
Kinetic theory. Jfiger, G. Wien Ak. Sb. 102 

(1898) (Ah. 2a) 258-. 
Liquid mixtures. Lineharger, C. E. Am. J. 

Sc. 2 (1896) 831-. 
. Thorpe, T.E.,db Rodger, J. W. C. S. 

J. 71 (1897) (Pt. 1) 860-. 
and solutions. Lees, C. H. [1900] L. 

Ps. S. P. 17 (1901) 460-. 
, viscosity, temperature and concentration. 

Noack, K. A. Ps. C. 27 (1886) 289-. 
Liquids above their boiling points. HeydweiUer^ 

A. Bresl. Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1896) (Ah. 2a) 1-; 

A. Ps. C. 59 (1896} 198-. 

— in an electric field. Pacher, G., db Finazzi, 
L. Ven. I. At. (1899-1900) (Pt. 2) 889-. 

— at same temperature and some at different 
temperatures, measurement of viscosity. Ure, 
A. B. A. Rp. (1839) (Pt. 2) 22-. 

Measurement. Couette, M. G. R. 107 (1888) 

888-; A. C. 21 (1890) 488-. 
^, experimental. Vautier, T. A. G. 16 (1888) 

289-. 
— , instruments. McGill, A. Gn. R. S. P. A 

T. 1 (1895) (Sect. 8) 97-. 

— by rate of flow from capillary tube. Wilber- 
force, L. R. Ph. Mg. 81 (1891) 407-. 

torsional vibrations. Kdnig, W. A. Ps. 

G. 82 (1887) 198-. 



74 



0325 Viscosity of Liquids Viscosity of Sped ffed Liquids 0325 

Navier's eqaations, verification. Cauette, — . 

Par. 8. Pb. S^. (1889) 60-, 108-. VUcoHty of Specified Liquid*. 
Organic liquids and their aqueous solutions, 

specific viscosity. Traubtt J. Berl. B. 19 Acetic acid, pure, and in solution. Noaek, K, 

(1886) 871-. A. Ps. C. 28 (1886) 666-. 

Bate of flow from capillary tube, influence of Benzene and ethyl ether above their boiling 

electricity. Langer, C. Exner Bpm. 25 point. Heydweillert A. A. Ps. G. 55 (1895) 

(1889) 461-. 561-. 

— — — of viscous liquids, application of Bromine, variation with temperature. KanUfL. 
graphic methods. Vautier, T. A. C. 15 Wien Ak. Sb. 106 (1897) (^6. 2a) 431-. 
(1888) 433-. Chromates, solutions. Slotte, K. F. A. Ps, C. 

Rigidity. Schwedoff, T. [1889-1900] Par. 8. 14 (1881) 13-. 

Pb. 86. (1889) 122- ; 8c. Abs. 4 (1901) 853. Gelatin solution, viscosity and electrolytic 

— and viscosity. Schwedoff^ T, Par. 8. Ps. resistance. Griffiths, A. Manch. Lt. Ph. 
86. (1889) 134-, 186-. 8. Mm. <fe P. 41 (1897) ix-. 

8alt solutions. BrUckner, H. A. Ps. C. 42 Glycerin. Schdttner, F. Wien Ak. Sb. 77 

(1891) 287-. (1878) {Ab. 2) 682-. 
. Moore, B. E. Ps. Rv. 3 (1896) 321-. — , a periodic damping applied to viscosity 

— — . Ma$90ulier, P. G. R. 130 (1900) measurement. Riecke, E. A. Ps. C. 51 
773-. (1894) 156-. 

and their mixtures. KaniU, A. Z. Ps. — solutions. SchaU, C, dt Rijn, W, van, Z. 

G. 22 (1897) 336-. Ps. G. 23 (1897) 329-. 
, mixtures, relation to state of ionisation. Mercury. Umani, A, N. Gim. 3 (1896) 

Bamet, J. [1899] N. Scotia I. 8c. P. A T. 151-. 

10 (1903) 113-. — and amalgams, viscosity and electrical con- 
Solutions. D*Arey, R, F. Ph. Mg. 28 (1889) ductivity. Schweidler, E. (Ritter) vmi. 

221-. Wien Ak. 8b. 104 (1895) {Ah. 2a) 273-. 

— . Jager, G. Wien Ak. 8b. 103 (1894) [Ab. 2a) — , variation with temperature. Koch, S. A. 

251- ; Mh. C. (1894) 254-. Ps. C. 14 (1881) 1-. 

— , anhydrous. Smoluchowski, M. von. Wien Methyl chloride between boiling point and 

Ak. 8b. 102 (1893) (Ab. 2a) 1136-. critical point. Haat, M. de. Amst. Ak. Ys. 

— , aqueous. Reyher, R. Z. Ps. G. 2 (1888) [2] (1894) 123-. 

744-. Oils, variation with temperature. Garvanoff, 

— , — dUute. Arrhenius, S. Z. Ps. G. 1 (1887) J. G. Wien Ak. 8b. 103 (1894) (Ab. 2a) 

286-. 873-. 

— , — , at temperature of maximum density. Saponine solution, superficial viscosity of films. 

Packer, G., dt Fintuzi, L, Yen. I. At. Membrugghe, G. van der. Brux. Ac. BU. 

(1899-1900) (Pi. 2) 1033-. 29 (1870) 368-. 

— , viscosity, and variation of viscosity of water Sulphur, fused. Pitati, G. Palermo G. Sc. 

with temperature. SlotU, K. F. A. Ps. C. Nt. 12 (1877) (Pi. 1) 3*-. 

20 (1888) 257-. Water. Geoffroy, L. C. R. 88 (1879) 573-. 

Supercooled liquids. Tammann, G. Z. Ps. 0. — Mallock, A. R. 8. P. 45 (1889) 126-. 

28 (1899) 17-. — . Pacher, G. Yen. I. At. (1898-99) (Pt. 2) 

Superficial viscosity. Marangoni, C. (x) N. 785-. 

Cim. 5A6 (1871) 239-. — , discharge from pipes, infiuence of tempera- 
. Luvini, G. (xn) Rv. 8c.-lnd. 4 (1872) ture. Baumgartner, G. A. Ps. G. 158 

262-. (1874) 44-. 
(Marangoni). Plateau, J. A.F. Brux. — , , (Baumgartner). Meyer, 

Ac. Bll. 34 (1872) 404- ; 48 (1879) 106-. 0. E. A. Ps. C. 153 (1874) 619-. 

Yariation with chemical composition. Thorpe, — , — at different temperatures. Mair, J. G. 

T.E.,dbRodger,J.W. [1894-96] Phil.Trans. I. GE. P. 84 (1886) 424-. 

(A) 185 (1895) 397-; (A) 189 (1897) 71-. — , ''drag'' upon water at low velocities. 
. Thorpe, T. E. [1898] R. I. P. Haughton, S. B. A. Rp. (1879) 275-. 

15 (1899) 641-. — , , and of air upon air. 

density. Warburg, E., d^ Sachs, J. A. Haughton, S., dt Reynolds, J. E. [1880] 

Ps. C. 22 (1884) 518-. Ir. Ac. P. 3 (1883) 277-. 
pressure. RiMgen, W. C. A. Ps. G. 22 — , measurement of viscosity by efflux method. 

(1884) 510-. Knihbs, G. H N. 8. W. R. 8. J. 29 (1895) 
. Cohen, R. A. Ps. G. 45 (1892) 77-; 30 (1897) 186-. 

666-. — , — — — — Hannay's microrheometer. 
temperature. Heen, P. de. Brux. Ac. Bamett, R. E. R. 8. P. 56 (1894) 259-. 

Bll. 7 (1884) 248- ; 11 (1886) 29-. — , variation with temperature. Gerstner, F. J. 
vapour pressure. Heen, P. de. Brux. von. Gilbert A. 5 (1800) 160-. 

Ac. fill. 10 (1885) 251-. 
Very viscous liquids. SchHttner, F. Wien Ak. 

8b. 79 (1879) (Ab. 2) 477-. 
. Brodmann, C. A. Ps. G. 48 (1898) 

188-. 

75 



0840 Colloidal Substances 



0340 Colloidal Substances. 

Absorption and colloids. Bemmelerit J. M. van. 

Z. Anorg. G. 13 (1897) 233-; 18 (1898) 14-, 

98-. 
— . Isothermals of colloidal iron oxide. 

Bemmelen, J. M, van, Z. Anorg. C. 20 

(1899) 185-. 
Colloid films, spiral cracks formed daring 

drying. Rkumbler, L. Ps. Z. 1 (1900) 41-. 

— metallic solations, nature. Stoeckl, if., (t 
Vanino, L. Z. Ps. G. 30 (1899) 98-. 

, — (Stoeckl A Yanino). ZHgmondy^ R, 

Z. Pb. G. 33 (1900) 63-. 

— — — , — - (Zsigmondy). Stoeckl, K,, dt 
Vanino, L. Z. Ps. C. 34 (1900) 378-. 

— solutions. Bredig, G., dt Coehn^ A, Z. Ps. 

C. 32 (1900) 129-. 

, coagulation. Stark, J, A. Ps. C. 68 

(1899) 618-. 

, — , speed. Linebarger, C, E. Am. C. 

S. J. 20 (1898) 375-. 
, freezing. I^ubawin, N, Berl. B. 22 

(1889) IRef.) 727-. 

— — , gold. Zsigmondy, — . Z. Elektch. 
(1897-98) 646-. 

, nature. Barus, C, a^ Schneider, E. A. 

Z. Ps. C. 8 (1891) 278-. 
, — . Linebarger, C, E, Am. J. So. 43 

(1892) 21&-. 
, physical behaviour. Ltideking, C, A. 

Ps. G. 35 (1888) 552-. 
, silver. Capranica, S,, dt CarboneUi, E, 

Geneva S. Lig. At. 5 (1894) 279-. 
, stabiUty. Hardy, W. B. Z. Ps. G. 33 

(1900) 385-. 
, theory. Krafft, F. Berl. B. 29 (1896) 

1334-. 
Colloidal state of metals. Lottermoser, A, 

D. Nf. Vh. (1899) (Th, 2, Hdlfte 1) 122-. 
Colloids. Wieaemann, E. Berl, Ps. Gs. Vh. 

(1884) 44-. 
— , constitution. Bourgeois, A., d' Schiltzen- 

berger, P. C. R. 82 (1876) 262-. 
— , influence on forms of inorganic matter. 

Ord, W, M, St. Thom. Hosp. Rp. 2 (1871) 1-. 
— , , and molecular coalescence. 

Ord, W. M. QJ. Mcr. Sc. 12 (1872) 219-. 
— , nature, and circumstances of formation and 

transformation. Bemjnelen, J. M. van. Reo. 

Tr. G. P.-Bas 7 (1888) 37-, 118. 

— and oils, mechanical properties. De-Metc 
[/)<? Metz^ , G. G. N. Rs. S. Nt. Mm. {Mth.) 
9 (1889) 139-. 

— , phenomena of drying. Gladstone, J. H., 

db Hibbert, W. B. A. Rp. (1899) 709. 
— , physical condition. Paulx, W., dt Bona, P. 

Wien Az. 37 (1900) 282-. 
Deposition of clays. Hunt, T, S. Bost. S. 

NH. P. 16 (1874) 302-. 
pulverulent bodies in liquids. Sclieerer, 

T. Pogg. A. 82 (1851) 419-. 
Flocoulation of particles. Hilgard, E. W. 

Am. J. Sc. 17 (1879) 205-. 
turbid media. Spring, W. Brux. Ac. Bll. 

(1900) 483-. 



Molecular Theories of Crystals 0400 

Muddy waters, clarification. Darcet, F, A. 

Hyg. Pbl. 4 (1830) 375-. 
, clarifying action of alum. Jennet, C, 

C. R. 61 (1865) 598-; Mon. So. 7 (1865) 1007-. 
Precipitation, false. Stark, J. A. Ps. C. 68 

(1899) 117-. 
— of mud by very dilute saline solutions. 

SchlaHng, T. G. R. 70 (1870) 1345-. 
Sedimentary phenomena, and their connection 

with allied physical conditions. Schulze, F, 

A. Ps. G. 129 (1866) 366-. 
Segregation phenomena in turbid liquids on 

standing. GuSbhard, A. Par. S. Ps^ S6. 

(1897) 107-. 
Subsidence of particles in liquids. Brewer, 

W. H. [1883] Wash. Nat. Ac. Mm. 2 

(•1884) 165-. 
. Baru$, C. V. S. Gl. Sv. BIL 

No. 36 (1886) 51 pp. ; No. 60 (1890) 139-. 
suspended clay caused by lime, salts, etc. 

Sachsse, R,, dt Becker, A. Lndw. V.-St. 43 

(1894J 15-. 
Suspended matter in solution and sediments, 

investigations. BodUinder, G. N. Jb. Mn. 

(1893) [Bd 2) 147-. 
Suspension and sedimentation of clays. Brewer, 

W. H. Am. J. Sc. 29 (1885) 1-. 
Suspensions, clearing by passage of electric 

current. BodUinder, G. D. Nf. Vh. (1893) 

(Th. 2, HnifU 1) 179-. 



0400 Molecular Theories of Crystals 
and other Solids. iSee cUso Elas- 
ticity, Mechanics 3210 and 
Mineralogy 140.) 

Buys-Ballot, C. H. D. Amst. Vs. Ak. 6 (1857) 77-. 
Guldberg, C. M. [1867-68] Christiania F. 10 

(1867) 140-, 159- ; 11 (1868) 15- ; 14 (1871) 

480-. 
Aggregation, material, influence on manifesta- 
tions of force. TyndaU, J. [1853] B. I. 

P. 1 (1851-54) 254-. 
— , state of, change. Wittwer, W. C. Z. Mth. 

Ps. 23 (1878) 286-. 
— , — — , effect of heat. De La Rue, W. 

[1841] C. S. Mm. 1 (1841-43) (P.) 18-. 
— , states of. Frankenheim, M. L. Pogg. A. 

39 (1836) 376-. 
— , , theory. Ritter, A. A. Ps. C. 2 

(1877) 273-. 
Aragonite and limestone, and their molecules. 

La MHherie, J. C. de. J. de Ps. 63 (1806) 70-. 
Atomic arrangement and conducting power 

of bodies, connection. Pollock, T. [1838] 

(VI Adds.) Electr. S. P. (1837-40) 145-. 
Atoms, equilibrium, and elasticity of solids in 

Boscovich's theory. Thomson, (Sir) W. 

C. B. 109 (1889) 337-. 
Attraction and heat, theory. Heine, H. E. 

CreUe J. 29 (1845) 185-. 
— , molecular. Lacroix, S. F. Par. S. Phlm. 

Bll. 1 (1797) 173-. 
— , — . Belli, G. Bmgnatelli Q. 7 (1814) 

110-, 169-. 

76 



0400 



Molecular Theories of Crystals and other Solids 



0400 



Attraction, molecular. Bouchif A. M.-et-L. 

Mm. S. Ac. 6 (1869) 229- ; 8 (1860) 189- ; 

10 (1861) 181-. 
— , ^. Qeigd, R, WOrzb. Pb. Md. Sb. (1891) 

68-. 
— , — , effect of heat. Dim, 0. [1845] (vn) 

Mod. Mm. Ac. Sc. 2 (1858) 888-. 
— , — , law. Bellit G. A. Sc. Lomb. Ven. 

2 (1832) 289-, 813-. 
— , ', in relation to temperature of bodies. 

Uvy, M. G. B. 87 (1878) 488-. 
— , nature. FeuilUt, — . Fr. Cg. Sc. 16 

(1849) 97-. 
— , — . Noget, — . Fr. Cg. Sc. 16 (1849) 

lOO-. 
— , Newtonian, and cohesion. OUleSf — • Z. 

Mth. Ps. 18 (1873) 123-. 
— , — , — forces of repulsion. GiUes, — . Z. 

Mth. Ps. 18 (1873) 601-. 
— , — , — inertia. GiUes, —, Z. Mth. Ps. 18 

(1873) 517-. 

— and repulsion, alternate spheres of Newton, 
BoBcovich, etc., and cnemical afiinity. 
Exley, T, B. A. Bp. (1844) {pt. 2) 39-. 

— , at small distances, of isotropic and crystal- 
line bodies. Mackenzie, A. S. J. H. Un. 
Cir. [13 (1893-94)] 76-; Ps. Bv. 2 (1895) 
321-. 

, etc. , law. Dupri, A,,db Dupri, P, 

C. B. 62 (1866) 791-. 

Constitution of bodies, molecular, influence of 
mechanical force. Szahd, J, Haidinger 
B. 7 (1851) 164-. 

solids : form of particles. Baudrimont, A . 

Bordeaux Mm. S. Sc. 3 {cah, 1) (1864) 39-. 

— — — and liquids, important analogy. 
Mensbrugghet G, van der, Bruz. S. Sc. A. 
19 (1895) {Pt. 1) 8-. 

-, molecular. Seeber^ — . Gilbert A. 

76 (1824) 229-, 349-. 
, — . GirdlesUme, A. G. Ph. Mg. 

29 (1865) 10&-. 
, — . Lehmann, O. [1890] Karlsruhe 

Nt. Vr. Vh. 11 (1896) {Sb,) 122-. 
, — . VeUa, F. 8. Bm. N. Line. Mm. 

17 (1900) 307-. 
surface layer of solids. Mentbrugghe, G. 

van der, Bruz. Ac. Bll. 27 (1894) 877-. 
surfaces of solids, molecular. Bizio, B. 

Yen. At. 3 (1844) 266-. 
Corpuscular dynamics. Baudrimont, A. Bor- 
deaux Mm. S. Sc. 9 (1873) 431-. 
Crushing, phenomena. Girard, P, S, J. 

Mines 27 (1810) 480-. 
Crystal molecule, nature investigated by means 

of light. Matkelyne, N, S, [1859] B. I. 

P. 3 (185&-62} 95-. 
CiTstaUine alkali sulphates, deformation by 

heat. Tttlton, A, E, Phil. Trans. (A) 192 

(1899) 455-. 

— bodies, equilibrium and motion. Poiason, 
8. D, C, B. 9 (1839) 517- ; Par. Mm. Ac. 
Sc. 18 (1842) 3-. 

— — , molecular constitution and atomic 
motions. Cauehy, A, L. G. B. 9 (1839) 
558-. 

— form, signiflcance. Mortell, W. F. C, 
Fimnklin I. J. 150 (1900) 441-. 



Crystalline formations, direction and mole- 
cular arrangements, effect of magnetism. 
Hunt, R. Ph. Mg. 28 (1846) 1-. 

-~ forms, causes, and grouping of atoms. 
Gavdin, A, C. B. 25 (1847) 664-; Par. S. 
Phlm. PV. (1847) 49-; C. B. 32 (1851) 619-, 
755-; Par S. Phhn. PV. (1851) 19-; C. B. 
34 (1852) 168- ; 45 (1857) 920-. 

— ana organic forces, connection. Baxter, H. F. 
Edinb. N. Ph. J. 15 (1862) 194-. 

— particles, certain molecular actions. Waller, 
A. Ph. Mg. 28 (1846) 94-. 

Crystallisation. Reynard, — . Fr. Cg. Sc. 37 

(1870) 197-. 
— , etc., influence of magnetism and electric 

currents. Htmt, R. Gl. Sv. Mm. 1 (1846) 

433-. 
— , light phenomena. Anon, (ti 185) Bb. It. 

83 (1836) 139-. 
— , theory. Preehtl, J. J. Gehlen J. 7 (1808) 

456-. 
Crystalloelectricity, theory, and universal at- 
traction. Schweigger, J, S, C, Schweigger 

J. 39(=Jb. 9) (1823)231-. 
Crystals, elasticity, according to Boscovich. 

Kelvin, {Lord). B. S. P. 64 (1894) 69-. 
— , generation by molecular polyhedra. Gaudin, 

A. C. B. 46 (1867) 1087-. 
— , molecular arrangement. Tait, P. G, 

Edinb. B. S. P. 4 (1862) 636-. 
— , — tactics. Thomson, (Sir) W, C. B. 109 

(1889) 333-. 
— , structure, reciprocal relation of theories. 

Schoenjlies, A, Gott. Nr. (1890) 239-. 
— , — , recent advances in theory. Miers, H, A . 

Nt. 39 (1889J 277-. 
Curve formed by slightly adhering particles on 

curved surface. Rittert, E, Z. Mth. Ps. 19 

(1874) 180-. 
Density of bodies, molecular. Malavati, L, 

Mod. Ac. Sc. Mm. 1 (1883) 321-. 
molecules. Sluginov, N, P, Kazan S. 

Nt. (Pt,'Mth,) P. 6 (1887) 127-. 
Dilatancy of media composed of rigid particles 

in contact. Reynolds, 0. Ph. Mg. 20 (1885) 

469-. 
— , a property of granular material. Reynolds, O, 

[1886] B. I. P. 11 (1887) 354-. 
Elastic impact of 2 atoms deduced from 

mechanical principles. LUbeck, G. Z. Mth. 

Ps. 22 (1877) 126-. 
and internal friction. Kom, A, Miinch. 

Ak. Sb. 29 (1900) 223-. 
Elasticity constants as functions of molecular 

weights and specific heat. Foerster, O. Z, 

Mth. Ps. 41 (1896) 268-. 

— of solids, molecular theory. Michaelis, 6. J, 
A. Ps. C. 42 (1891) 674-. 

Elements, table of fundamental angles. Zenger, 

C, W, Brux. Ac. Bll. 7 (1859) 608-. 
Friction of polished solids, molecular theory. 

BriOoain, M, C. B. 128 (1899) 354-. 
Glacier grain. Hagenbach-Bischoff, E, [1882] 

Basel Vh. 7 (1885) 192-. 
. Forel, F, A, [1884] Laus. S. Vd. Bll. 

20 (1886) ix-. 
. Emden, R. Sch. Nf. Gs. Vh. (1887-88) 

63-. 



77 



0400 



Holecnlar Theories of Crystals and other Solids 



0400 



Olaoier grain, formation. Emden, R. Arch. 

So. Ps. Nl. 22 (1889) 365-. 
, — . MouMon, A, Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 22 

(1889) 867-. 
, — . Hagenhaeh'BUchof^ — . Arch. Sc. 

Ps. Nt. 22 (1889) 86&-. 
, origin of crystals. Hagenbach-BUchofft E, 

Basel Vh. 8 (1890) 821-. 
Homogeneous structures and the symmetrical 

partitioning of them : application to crystals. 

Barlow, W, [1895] Mn. Mg. 11 (1897) 119-. 
Inorganic bodies, molecular actions. Oaudin , A . 

A. C. 52 (1833) 113-. 
Intermolecmar work. BoiUau, P, G. B. 85 

(1877) 1135-, 1199- ; 86 (1878) 378-. 
Isotropic systems of matei;ial points. Cauehy, 

A. L, G. B. 29 (1849) 761- ; Par. Mm. Ac. 
Sc. 22 (1850) 615-. 

Kinetic theory of solids. SlotU, K, F. Fschr. 

Ps. (1899) (Ah, 2) 266-. 
, with experimental introduction. 

Sutherland, }\\ Ph. Mg. 32 (1891) 31-, 

215-, 524-. 
: polarised fluorescence. Sohncke^L. 

[1896] MOnch. Ak. 8b. 26 (1897) 75-. 
specific heats of solids. Eddy, H. T. 

Science 2 (*1883) 424-, 850. 
Liquid atmospheres round solid molecules. 

Qirard, P. S. Par. Mm. Ac. Sc. 4 (1819-20) 1-. 
Material contact, possibility. T., W. B, 

Science 3 (1884) 401. 
Mechanics of solids, application of empirical 

formula for mutual forces. Berthot, P, G. 

B. 100 (1885) 1070-. 

Metallic elements, physical state. Joubin, P. 
G. B. 112 (1891) 93-. 

— plates, deformation on polishing. Muraoka, 
H, [1886] Tok. GoU. Sc. J. 1 (1887) 69-. 

Metals, compressibility, density and atomic 

weight, relationship. Boggio-Lera, E. Bm. 

B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1890) {Sem. 1) 165-. 
— , effect of continued percussion on relative 

position of particles. Hayet, A. A, [1856] 

Am. Ac. P. 3 (1852-57) 322-. 
— , internal friction in certain. Camus, A, 

Lidge S. Sc. Mm. 20 (1898) No, 7, 26 pp. 
— , molecular changes in. Spangenberg, — . 

D. Nf. B. (♦1877) 119-. 
— , — motion and pressure in. Slotte, K. F. 

Helsingf. Ofv. 35 (1893) 16-; 37 (1895) 178- ; 

38 (1896) 64- ; Fschr. Ps. (1896) (Ah, 2) 226-. 
— , wear as affected by chemical and physical 

properties. Dudley, C. B, [1890] Ani. I. 

Mn. £. T. 19 (1891) 892-. 
Molecular constants: metallic diffusion. Guih- 

m, Fred. L. Ps. S. P. 5 (1884) 337-; Ph. 

Mg. 16 (1883) 325-. 
^ contact, experiments. Stevens, J, S, Ps. 

Bv. 8 (1899) 49-. 

— equilibrium. CanevcLzzi, S. Bologna Ac. 
Sc. Mm. 9 (1878) 493-. 

— forces. Bahinet, J. G. B. 63 (1866) 903-. 
. Miller, A. Miinch. Ak. Sb. 15 (1886) 9-. 

— functions. Kom, A, Miinch. Ak. Sb. 27 
(1898) 181-. 

— impressions by light and electricity. Grove, 
W. R. B. I. P. 2 (1854-58) 458-. 



Molecular mechanics. Cauchy, A, L. C. B. 

28 (1849) 2-r. 
. Bayma, J, B. S. P. 13 (1864) 126-. 

— — , apparatus for demonstrating various 
phenomena. Govt, G, Tor. At. Ac. Sc. 5 
(1869-70) 193-. 

, experiment. Bandsept, A. LesMondes 

-5 (1883) 626-. 
, fundamental hypothesis. GoHewiki, W, 

Par. T. Nauk So. Pam. 7 (•1876) Art. 1, 8 pp. ; 
Z. Mth. Ps. 21 (1876) 116-. 

, Walter's investigations. Korteweg^ D. J. 

[1874] Z. Mth. Ps. 22 (1877) (H.-lt, ^6.) 93-. 

— morphology, mathematical principles. 
Gaudin, A, G. B. 54 (1862) 861- ; 55 (1862) 
692- ; 57 (1863) 42-. 

— motions, anisotropic small, illustrated by 
spheroids. Laurent, P, A. G. B. 18 (1844) 
771- ; 19(1844)482-. 

and electricity. Guyot, J. Presse Sc. 

3 (1861) 246-. 

— — producing changes in form of solids. 
Hausmann, J. F. L. [1855] G6tt. Ab. 6 
(1853-5o) 139- ; 7 (1856-57) 3-. 

of solids. Belli, G, Brugnatelli O. 9 

(1826) 167-, 322-. 
. Paoli, D. G. Arcad. 29 (1826) 

3-, 145-. 
. Bellani, A. PoUgrafo 10 (1832) 

161-. 

— theory, and the Newtonian laws of attrac- 
tion. S4guin, — (aini). G. B. 27 (1848) 
314- ; 28 (1849) 97-; 29 (1849) 425-; 34 
(1852) 85-. 

— unrest in solids. Roherti-Auttent (Sir) W, 
Glasg. Ph. S. P. 31 (1900) 152-. 

— volume of solids. WiUon, E, B. S. P. 32 
(1881) 457-. 

Molecule, ultimate, variability. Norton, W, A. 

[1878] Am. J. Sc. 17 (1879) 183-. 
Molecules, relations and size. Bizio, B. Yen. 

Mm. I. 1 (1843) 295-. 
— , (Bizio). BeUavitu, G. Ven. At. 

2 (1843) 112-. 
— , . Bizio, B, [1847] Ven. Mm. I. 

4 (1852) 435-. 

— , repulsive forces. Laurent, P, A, G. B. 18 

(1844) 865-. 
— , rotation, theory. Micha^lis, G. J, Arch. 

N6erl. 20 (1886) 20-. 
— , system, motion. Cav^hy, A, L. G. B. 

27 (1848) 93-. 
— , — of mutually attracted or repelled, stresses 

in. Cauchy,A,L, C. B. 9 (1839) 588-. 
^, systems of mutually attracted or repelled, 

small motions. Cauchy, A. L. G. B. 8 

(1839) 505-, 589-, 659-, 719-, 767-. 
— , 2 systems of mutually penetrating, small 

motions. Cauchy, A, L, G. B. 8 (1839) 

597-, 779-, 81 1-. 
Non-crystalline substances, structure. Wulff', 

L, Z. Kr. 18 (1891) 174-. 
Physical constants, law connecting. Whiting, 

H, Science 3 (1884) 373. 
Polishing friable bodies, molecular processes 

in. Miethe, A. Braunschw. Vr. Nt. Jbr. 

(10) (1897) 156-. 



78 



0500 Theories of the Constatntion of Matter 



Atoms 0500 



Polyhedrio concamerations, vibration. Perryt 
G. C. R. 76 (1878J 721-. 

Porosity of bodies* oalcolations based on New- 
ton's hypothesis. VolpiceUi, P, Bm. At. 1 
(1847—48) 147—. 

Solid state. MaiUier,J, G. B. 71 (1870) 984-; 

A. c. 24 (1871) see-. 

Structure of solids. Brame,C. C.B. 85(1852) 

666-. 
Surface tension and crystalline form. Bril- 

louin, M. A. G. 6 (1895) 540-. 
Symmetry, limit of law, and forces deter- 
mining actual forms of inorganic bodies. 

Arum, (VI 852) Edinb. N. Ph. J. 14 (1888) 

182-. 
Tiscous effect of mechanically applied strains, 

interpreted by Maxwell's theory. BanUf C. 

Ph Mg. 27 (1889) 155-. 
— solids, molecular theoiy. Trotter^ (Rev,) C. 

Camb. Ph. S. P. 5 (1886) 276-. 



ULTIMATE PHYSICAL THEORIES. 

0500 Theories of the Constitution 
of Matter. {See Vori^ez-Mo- 
tion, Mechanios 2450, and 
Physical Chemistry, Chemistry 
7000.) 

Prevott, P. Bb. Un. 2 (1816) 288-. 
Sloggett, H. Ph. Mg. 28 (1846) 443-. 
VaUnut, H. Brux. Ac. Bll. 19 (1865) 72-. 
Hoffmann, J, C. K. Dresden Sb. Isis (1869) 

39-, 41-. 
Pell, M. B. N. S. W. R. S. T. 5 (1871) {Art. 5) 

25 pp. 
Burton, C. V, [1891] L. Ps. S. P. 11 (1892) 

275-; Ph. Mg. 33 (1892) 191-. 
Been, P. de, Bmx. Ac. Bll. 24 (1892) 670-. 

ACTION AT A DISTANCE. 

MaxweU, J. C. B. I. P. 7 (1873) 44-. 
Umow, N.A. Z. Mth. Ps. 19 (1874) 97-. 
Detprezy L. Les Mondes 44 (1877) 366-. 
Edtvdi, (bdr^ L. (zn) Mag. Tad. Ak. Evk. 

16 {No. 1) (1877) 57-. 
Browne, W. R. [1880] L. Ps. S. P. 4 (1881) 

71-; Ph. Mg. 10(1880) 437-; 11 (1881) 129-, 

379-. 
Preston, S. T, Ph. Mg. 11 (1881) 38-, 

218-. 
Cantani, O. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 3 (1887) 

{Sem. 2) 118- ; 6 (1890) {Sem. 2) 379-. 
Lwigo, C. del. Yen. I. At. (1895-96) 997-. 
Drude, P. A. Ps. C 62 (1897) i-, 693. 
Boxing, B. L. Bs. Ps.-G. S. J. 30 (P«.) (1898) 

100-. 
calculation method appropriate to discontinuous 

bodies obeying. Commines de Martilly, {le 

gin.) L.J. A. de. As. Fr. C. B. (1879) 261-. 
explanation of material phenomena. Comminei 

de MarnUy, (U gin.) L. J. A. de. [1885] 

B5ne Ac. Hip. Bll. 21 (1886) 25-. 



and gravitation, etc., explanation. Picart, A. 

C. B. 83 (1876) 1042-. 
in hydrodynamics. Bjerknes, V. [1900] Sc. 

Abs. 4 (1901) 353-. 
and through medium. Volkmann, P. Konigsb. 

Schr. 27 (1887) (Ab.) 95-. 

— vibration. Edtvoa, (hdr(!) L. (xn) Mag. 
Tud. Ak. Ets. 5 (No. 12) (1871) 207-. 

ATOMS. 

Treschtyw, N. Mg. Ntvd. 7 (1826) 216-. 
atomism and dynamism. Broglte, (Vahbi) — 

de. Bv. Quest. Sc. 10 (*1881) 353-; 11 

(•1882) 169-. 
attraction. Broum, F. D. Nt. 26 (1882) 

332-. 
— . Geronzi, T. Bv. Sc.-Ind. 23 (1891) 

261-. 
constitution. Saint-Venant, A. J.C. Barri de. 

(xn) Brux. S. Sc. A. 2 (1878) (Pt. 2) 417-, 

\Suppl.) 1-. 
— , and action of matter on matter. Duport, 

— . Par. S. Mth. Bll. 24 (1896) 102-. 
motion. Hoppe, R. Pogg. A. 104 (1858) 

279-. 
(Hoppe). Eismlohr, F. Pogg. A. 104 

(1858) 653-. 
elasticil^. Phipion, T. L. Cosmos 5 (1867) 

44-. 
electric and magnetic forces. Richarz, F. 

Miinch. Ak. Sb. 24 (1895) 3-. 
ellipsoidal screw-motion. Sasae, E. Dingier 

216 (1875) 181-. 
equilibrium. Buys-Ballot, C. H. D. Amst. 

Vs. Ak. 5 (1857) 77-. 

— in chemical compounds. Buys-BaUot, 
C. H. D. Utr. Prv. Gn. Aant. (1880) 
6-. 

— , and elasticity of solids in Boscovich'.s 

theory. Thomson, (Sir) W. C. B. 109 (1889) 

337-. 
genesis and nature. Duponchel, A. Bv. Sc. 2 

(1894) 105-, 140-. 
hypothesis. Deacon, H. J. Sc. 4 (1874) 

180-. 
— . Mannequin, A. Lyon Un. A. 7 (1895) 

419 pp. 
internal forces and rotation, relation to heat and 

■ light. Colnet d*Huart, — . Habana Ac. A. 

3 (•1866) 323, 361-. 
mechanics. Lw^as, F. C. B. 67 (1868) 163-, 

688-, 990-, 1025-, 1222- ; Liouv. J. Mth. 15 

(1870) 137- ; C. B. 68 (1869) 1313- ; 70 (1870) 

443-. 
— . Buchner, G. Cztg. Opt. 12 (1891) 41-, 

54-, 78-, 88-. 
and molecules, properties. Golicyn, (Prince) 

B. [1895] St. P^t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 4 (1896) 

293—. 
motion. Walling, H. F. Am. As. P. 17 (1868) 

238-. 

— of translation and rotation. Colnet d*Huart, 
— de. Lux. S. Sc. Mm. 10 (1869) 1-. 

mutual action of two. Duport, H. Par. S. 

Mth. Bll. 25 (1897) 186-. 
philosophy. Luckcock, J. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 

53 (1819) 133-. 



79 



0^00 Atoms 

system, physical parameters and principal axes 
at any point of. Luca$, F, G. B. 70 (1870) 
60d-. 

theory. Duport, H. Par. S. Mth. Bll. 26 
(1898) 159-. 

— , adaptation of philosophy of Kewton, Leib- 
nitz and BoscoYich. MucViear, J. O, [1857] 
Glasg. Ph. S. P. 4 (1860) 52-. 

— , application of geometrical properties of 
gravitational acceleration. Gefuler^ F, W, K. 
Grunert Arch. 80 (1858) 1-. 

— , — — gravitation law. Fechner^ G. T. 
Kastner Arch. Ntl. 15 (1828) 257-. 

— , new. Exley, T. B. 8. P. 4 (1841) 325-. 



Bosoovich's theory. Thornton^ (Sir) W. B. A. 

Bp. (1889) 494-. 
Dynamical principles, application to physical 

phenomena. Thcmson^ J. J, [1885-87] 

PhU. Trans. 176 (1886) 307- ; (A) 178 (1888) 

471-. 
English physical school, theories. Duhem, P, 

Bv. Quest. Sc. 34 (1893) 345-. 
Equilibrium of aggregation of spherules. Wal- 

tan, W. [1867] QJ. Mth. 9 (1868) 76-. 

— and motion of chemically homogeneous 
bodies. Koo$en, J. H. Pogg. A. 101 (1857) 
401-. 

Forces, cosmic and molecular. Chase, P. £. 
Am. Ph. S. P. 12 (1872) 392-. 

— determining various states of bodies. 
Schmidten, H, G, von. Gergonne A. Mth. 13 
(1822-23) 121-. 

— , the 4, in nature. WheweU, G, J. Sc. 2 
(1880) 639-. 

Luminous gas, constitution, view suggested by 
Lorentz's theory of dispersion. Thomson, 
J, J. Arch. N6erl. 5 (1900) 642-. 

MATTEB. 

constitution, atomic. Hamel, (Vabb^) T, E, 

On. B. S. P. <ft T. 2 (1885) (Sect. 3) 91-. 
— , corpuscular hypothesis. Henry, J. Am. 

Ph. 8. P. 4 (1847) 287-. 
— , and forces of molecules. Laming, R. 

B. A. Bp. (1846) (pt, 2) 35. 
— , — kathode ray. Thomson, J. J. [1900] 

Sc. Abs. 4 (1901) 756-. 
— , molecular. Stoney, G. J. Ir. Ac. P. 7 

(1858) 37-. 
— , — . Ldboulaye, C. (vm) Par. A. Cons. 

4 (1863) 64-, 232-. 
— , — . Love, G. H. Par, Ing. Civ. Mm. 

(1883) (1) 338-. 
— , — . Thomson, (Sir) W. Edinb. B. S. P. 

16 (1890) 693-. 

— and properties. Varenne, E, Bv. Sc. 37 
(1886) 457-. 

is it continuous or discontinuous ? [Barri de] 
Saint' Venant, — . Par. 8. Phlm. PV. (1844) 
3-. 

divisibility. S. QJ. Sc. 11 (1821) 306-. 

~. Adams, E. Silliman J. 28 (1835) 163-. 

~, infinite. WoUaston, W. H. Phil. Trans. 
(1822) 89-. 



Matter 0500 

divisibility, infinite. Clark, 8. Silliman J. » 

(1825) 356-. 
— , — . Jf. (Yi Adds.) Silliman J. 10 (1826) 

99—. 
— , — , remarks on Wollaston's argument. 

Whewell, W. B. A. Bp. (1889) (jpl. 2) 26. 
— , — , . Wilson, G. [1845] Edinb. 

B. S. T. 16 (1849) 79-. 
dynamics. Kauffmaxm, — von. D. Nf . Ysm. B. 

(1846) 209-. 
and energy, laws, as results from principle of 

volume, time, and conservation of mass. 

Herran, A. As. Fr. C. B. (1899) {Pt. 1) 288-. 
forms and forces, synthetic^ view. Guyot, J, 

Presse Sc. 3 (1861) 130-. 
impenetrability. Jralling, H. F, Am. As. P. 

19 (1870) 144-. 
^~ and inertia, physical laws as results of. 

Bouchepom, — . C. B. 29 (1849) 107-. 
indestructibility. ChaUu, J. [1877] Vict. I. 

J. 12 (1879) 1-. 
kinetic theory, Democritus and Lucretius, 

priority. Lindsay, T. M., dt Smith, W. PL. 

B. A. Bp. 41 (1871) (Sect.) 30. 
, recent researches. SmduchowsH, M. 

Wiad. Mt. 4 (1900) 237-. 

— — , steps towaros. Thomwn, (Sir) W. 
B. A. Bp. (1884) 613-. 

mathematical laws. Commines de Marsilly, — 
de. C. B. 67 (1868) 999-. 

— studies. Pudenz, L. Z. Mth. Ps. 13 (1868) 
187-. 

modem theory. Lodge, O. J, Lpool. Lt. Ph. 

S. P. 54 (1900) 91-. 
motion the natural state of. Flamand, — . 

Silliman J. 16 (1829) 151-. 
nature, etc. S d. (vi Adds.) Halle Z. 

Nw. 16 (1860) 243-. 
— , and electnc conduction. Faraday, M. 

Ph. Mg. 24 (1844) 136-. 
— , (FaracUiy). Hare, R. Ph. Mg. 

26 (1845) 602-. 
orgamsation. Morris, C. J. Sc. 3 (1881) 185-. 
— , orchemism. Dolbear,A.E. [1891] Bost. 

S. NH. P. 25 (1892) 183-. 
oscillatory theory, and theoiy of centres of 

force. Ledieu, A. Bv. Quest. Sc. 12 (*1882) 

156-. 
ponderable, action on ether. Jablonski, E. 

Liouv. J. Mth. 10 (1884) 147-, 329-. 

— and imponderable. Moigno, F, N. M. 
Les Mondes 5 (1883) 271-. 

— — — , continuous vibratory motion. 
MagHni, L. Smiths. Bp. (1868) 281-. 

^, physics. Avogadro, A. G. Axcsd. 79 

(1839) 104-. 
— , — (Avogadro). Maggi, P. G. Verona Mm. 

Ac. Aff. 23 (1849) 7-. 
potentiJ. Schuster, A. Nt. 58 (1898) 367, 

618-. 
problem. Heller, A. Mth. Termt. Ets. 8 

(1890) 142- ; Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 8 (1891) 

247-. 
properties (inertia, gravitation, elasticity), re- 
ferred to common law. MacVicar, J. G. 

Edinb. B. S. P. 4 (1862) 146-. 
reduction of effectiveness ^ntwerthung). 

Pfaundler, L. Wien Aim. 88 (1888) 229-. 



80 



0500 



Theories of the Constitution of Matter 



0500 



and Boience. Qoldbeck, J. C, Oken Ids (1825) 

186-. 
smallest and simplest forms. Dyer, J, C. 

Manoh. Lt. Ph. S. P. 6 (1867) 152-. 
space theory. Clifford, W. K. [1869] Gamb. 

Ph. S. P. 2 (1876) 167-. 
theory. EUU, R. L [1848] Camb. Ph. S. T. 

8 (1849) 600-. 

— HeurUl, E. A, Fr. Cg. So. 82 (1865) 
258-. 

— deduced from the dynamic conception of. 
Pavlov, — . (zn) Mosc. Un. Mm. 7 (1885) 
191-. 

unity of, new theoiy. Lamy, A. Les Mondes 

26 (1871) 160-. 
, ana Pront's law. Plaats, — van der, 

Utr. Prv. Gn. Aant. (1894) 57-. 
and void space and nihility. Hare, R. Am. 

As. P. (1848) 76-. 



Mechanical explanation of natural phenomena. 
Mie, G, Karlsmhe Nt. Yr. Yh. 18 (1900) (Ah.) 
402-. 

— theories of physical phenomena. Michelton, 
V. A. Bs. Ps..C. S. J. 23 (P<.) (1891) 415- ; 
J. de Ps. 1 (1892) 404. 

— theory of electricity and chemical action. 
WhitweU, A. Elect. Bv. 40 (1897) 84-, 68-, 
97-. 

Modem physics, method and theories. Witz , A . 

By. Quest. So. 30 (1891) 39-. 
MolecaljBir action as function of distance. Chrot, 

A. G^n. Civ. 15 (1889) 293-. 

— — , homogeneous; 3 states of matter; 
porosity, density and volume of bodies. 
VolpieeUi, P. Bm. At. 1 (1847-48) 129-. 

, theory. MoBsoUi, O. F. Taylor Sc. Mm. 

1 (1837) 448-. 
, — . Cooper, P. (VI Adds.) Ph. Mg. 10 

(1837) 855-. 
, — (Mossotti's). Exley, T. Ph. Mg. 11 

(1887) 496-. 
, — ( — ). FuMinieri, A. A. Sc. Lomb. 

Ven. 7 (1887) 159-. 
, — (— ). E., R, L. Ph. Mg. 19 (1841) 

384—. 
, *— (— ). KeUand, P. (vi Adds.) Ph. 

Mg. 20 (1842) 8-. 
, — , aeoording to Newton's law. KeUand, 

P. Ph. Mg. 21 (1842) 124-, 202-, 263-, 344-, 

422-; 22 ^848) 11&-, 194-. 
, — , . Eam$haw,S, (yi AddeJ) 

Ph. Mg. 21 (1842) 340-, 437-. 

— actions explained by universal gravitation. 
Comminei de MareiUy, (le gin.) L. J, A, de. 
As. Fr. C. B. (1885) (Pt. 2) 1-. 

— equilibrium. KeUand, P. [1838] Camb. 
Ph. 8. T. 7 (1842) 25-. 

— motion. Thirion, J, Bv. Quest. Sc. 7 
(•IMO) 5-. 

, cause. CroU, J. Ph. Mg. 44 (1872) 

, irreversible. CulverweU, E, P. B. A. 

Bp. (1890) 744. 

— theories. 8€guin, — (aini). C. B. 27 (1848) 
814- ; 28 (1849) 97-; 29 (1849) 425-; 34 
(1852) 85-. 

VOL. III. 81 



Molecular theories, S^guln's. [Moigno, F, 
non] Siguin, — (ofn^. Moigno Cosmos 1 

(1852) 692-. 

— — , — . Moigno, F. Moigno Cosmos 2 

(1853) 371-, 625-. 

— theoiy. Handl, A. Wien Sb. 56 (1867) 
[Ab. 2) 569^. 

^ — and electricity. Lorenz, L. A. Ps. C. 

140 (1870) 644-. 
, new, outlines. Simony, 0. Z. Mth. 

Ps. 18 (1873) 463-; 19 (1874) 299-. 

— vibrations. Doppler, C. Bdhm. Gs. Ab. 4 
(1845-46) 621-. 

. Baudrimont, A. Fr. Cg. Sc. 28 (1861) 

512-. 
. Girdwood, O. P. [1894] Cn. B. S. P. 

A T. 12 (1895) (Sect. 3) 3-. 
, internal. Briot, C. Liouv. J. Mth. 13 

(1868) 304-. 
, law connecting periods. Schutter, A, 

[1896] Nt. 55 (1896-97) 200-, 223. 

— — , — — — . Herschel, A, S. Nt. 55 
(1896-97) 271. 

Molecularium, Berliner's. Anon. Tel. J. 22 

(1888) 255-. 
Molecules. MaxweU, J. C. Ph. Mg. 46 (1873) 

453-. 
— , motions of and within. Batio of specific 

heats in gases. Stoney, O. J, B. S. P. 58 

(1896) 177-. 
— , mutual actions between. Berthot, P. C. B. 

98 (1884) 1570-. 
— , (Berthot). Saint-Venant, — de. 

C. B. 99 (1884) 5-. 
— , . Berthot, P. C. B. 100 (1885) 

1070-. 
— , reflection and refraction of system. Cauchy, 

A.L. C. B. 8 (1839) 985- ; 9 (1839) 1-, 59-, 

91-. 
— , ultimates, atoms and waves. Ponton, if. 

QJ. Sc. 1 (1871) 170-, 349-, 461-. 
Potential energy hypothesis, apparent elasticity, 

experiments. BeUt A. O, Science 11 (1888) 

196. 
Badio-dynamics. CJiOU, P. E, Franklin I. J. 

82 (1881) 57-, 123-, 274^; C. N. 44 (1881) 

265 ; Franklin I. J. 83 (1882) 433-. 
Bigidity imparted by rapid motion. Prevost, P, 

Bb. Un. 30 (1825) 32-. 
Solids and fluids, internal structure. Tro- 

janow8ki,J.[19Sl] (xn) Erk. Ak. (Ife.-Prji.) 

Bz. A Sp. 9 (1882) 275-, xxi- ; 10 (1888) v. 
liquids, molecular condition. Emmett, 

J. B. Ph. Mg. 1 (1827) 411-. 
Texture in media ; non-existence of density in 

the ether. Stoney, O. J. Dubl. S. Sc. P. 6 

(1888-90) 392-. 
Transformation of state of bodies, new theory. 
• Moulin, H. Par. S. Ps. S6. (1896) 45-, 268-. 
^transparent media, constitution. Baudrimontt 

A. Bordeaux Mm. S. Sc. 2 (1861-63) 203-. 

VORTEX THEORIES. 

Vortex atom theoiy. Croll, J, Am. J. Sc. 26 

(1883) 47&-. 
, currents of gas in. Fitzgerald, G. F. 

Dubl. S. Sc. P. 4 (1885) 339-. 



0600 Theories of the Ether 

Vortex atom theoiy, physical aspects. Preston, 
S. T. Nt. 22 (1880) 50-. 

— atoms. Thomson, (Sir) W. Ph. Mg. 34 
(1867) 15-. 

, Thomson's. Sludskiif F, A, Moso. S. 

Nt. BU. 53 (1878) (PU 2) 272-. 
and oltramondane corpuscles. Forbes, G. 

B. A. Bp. (1878) 498-. 

— motion of atoms, chemico-physical theory, 
CzymiahsH,E. [1883] (zn) Krk. Ak. (itft.- 
Prz.) Bz. A Sp. 11 (1884) 218-, lzyi-. 

— — — — , mecnanico-chemical theory. 
Czymianski, E. (xn) Krk. Ak. {Mt,-Prz,) 
Bz. & Sp. 2 (1875) 156-, cvi-. 

, recent English researches. Love, A,E.H, 

Mth. A. 30 (1887) 326-. 

— ring theory of gases, distribation of energy. 
Thomson, J. J. B. S. P. 39 (1886) 23-. 

— rings, properties. Marangoni, — . Bv. Sc- 
Ind. 32 (1900) 211. 

, — (Marangoni). Vicentini, — . Bv. Sc.- 

Ind. 32 (1900) 211-. 
Vortices, molecular, hypothesis, and applica- 
tion to theory of heat. Bankine, W, J, Af. 

Edinb. B. S. P. 2 (1844-50) 275-; B. A. Bp. 

(1851) (pt. 2) 3-; Edinb. B. S. T. 20 (1853) 

425-; Ph. Mg. 10 (1855) 354-, 411- ; 27 

(1864) 313. 
— , • — , — , applied to gases and vapours. 

Rankim, W. J. M. Ph. Mg. 2 (1851) 509-. 
— , — , theoiy, applied to action of magnetism 

on polarised light. Maxwell, J, C. Ph. Mg. 

23 (1862) 85-. 
— , — , — , electric currents. Maxwell, 

J. C. Ph. Mg. 21 (1861) 281-, 338-. 
— , — , — , magnetic phenomena. McuC" 

weU, J. C. Ph. Mg. 21 (1861) 161-. 
— , — , — , (Msawell). ChaUis, J. 

Ph. Mg. 21 (1861) 250-. 
— , — , — , statical electricity. MaxweU, 

J, C. Ph. Mg. 23 (1862) 12-. 
— , — , thermal energy. Rankine, W, J. 3f. 

Edinb. B. S. T. 25 (1869) 557-. 



0600 Theories of the Ether. {See 
also Astronomy 1830.) 

Fitzgerald, G, F. B. A. Bp. (1888) 557-. 
Hicks, W. M. B. A. Bp. (1895) 595-. 
Wiechert, E. Ednigsb. Schr. 35 (1895) [4]-. 
Action at a distance, and waves. Comu, A, 

Par. Bur. Long. An. a896) A. 26 pp. 
Actions, central, general laws relating to effect 

of media. Le Roux, F. P. G. B. 119 (1894) 

211-. 
Atomic hypothesis, a certain. Pearson, K. 

[1885-88] Gamb. Ph. S. T. 14 (1889) 71- : 

L. Mth. S. P. 20 (1889) 38-. 
Cerebral radiation. Houston, E, J, Franklin 

I. J. 133 (1892) 488-. 
Curved spaces. Maxwell's theory in. Padova, E, 

Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 5 (1889) ISem, 1) 875-. 
Dilatancy, a property of granular material. 

Reynolds, O. [1886] B. I. P. 11 (1887) 354-. 
Dispersion in celestial spaces. Tikhoff, G, A, 

Spet. It. Mm. 27 (1899) 41-. 



The Ether 0600 

Elastic medium, isotropic, plane waves of 3rd 

order in. Pearson, K, Gamb. Ph. S. P. 5 

(1886) 296-. 
method of treating electrostatic theoremjB. 

Bragg, W, H. Aust. As. Bp. (1891) 57-; 

Ph. Mg. 34 (1892) 18-. 
Electric, magnetic and luminous phenomena, 

new interpretation. Padova, E, N. Cim. 

29 (1891) 225-. 

— phenomena, mechanical processes under- 
lying. Grllnwald, A, K, Bdhm. Os. Ws. 
Jbr. (1894) 68 pp. 

Electricity and magnetism, kinetic hypothesis. 
Svitovidov, S, N. Bs. Ps..C. S. J. 22 (Ps.) 
(1890) 106- ; Fschr. Ps. (1890) (Ah. 2) 408-. 

Electromagnetic basis for mechanics, possi- 
bility. Wien, W. Arch. K^l. 5 (1900) 
96-. 

— field, forces, stresses and fluxes of energy in. 
Heaviside, O. [1891] Phil. Trans. (A) 183 
(1893) 423-. 

Electrostatic force, velocity of propagation. 
Kelvin, {Lordi. Nt. 53 (1895-96) 316. 

, . Leahy, A. H. Nt. 53 (1895- 

96)364. 

, . Kelvin, {Lord). Nt. 53 (1895^ 

96)364-. 

, . Gibbs, J. W. Nt. 63 (1895- 

96) 509. 

Eneiqgy movements in medium between elec- 
trified or gravitating particles. AUen, H, N", 
L. Ps. S. P. 13 (1^ 392-; Ph. Mg. 39 
(1895) 357-. 

THE ETHEB« 

Tadini,—. Bb. It. 65 (1832) 75-. 
Brooke, C. B. A. Bp. 40 (1870) (Sect.) 36-. 
Nipher, F. E. Am. As. P. (1891) 127-. 
action at a distance in. Helm, G. A. Ps. C. 

14 (1881) 149-. 
density. Glan, P. A. Ps. G. 7 (1879) 655-. 

— (Glan). Wiedemann, E. E. G. A. Ps. C. 
17 (1882) 986-. 

— and elasticity, and nature of electricity and 
magnetism. Fessenden, R. A, Am. As. P. 
(1899) 115- ; Ps. Bv. 10 (1900) 1-, 83-. 

— , — heat of bodies. Pvichl, K. Wien Ak. 

Sb. 69 (1874) (Ab. 2) 324-. 
polarity. Chase, P. E, Am. Ph. S. P. 

12 (1872) 407-. 
— , — size of Maxwell's molecular vortices. 

Graetz, L. A. Ps. C. 25 (1885) 165- ; Exner 

Bpm. 21 (1885) 530-. 
of Descartes and Newton. Breton, P. (xn) 

Is^re S. Bll. 4 (1875) 8-, 177-. 
duties for electricity and magnetism. KeHvin, 

(L<yrd). Ph. Mg. 50 (1900) 305-. 
dynamics. KeraMy, A.E.,dt Fessenden, R. A . 

Ps. Bv. 1 (1894) 459-. 
electrical conductivity. Trowbridge, J. Ph. 

Mg. 43 (1897) 378-. 
and electricity. Stoletow, A, Lum. Elect. 35 

(1890) 517-, 556-. 
and matter. Gray, J. TeL J. 28 (1891) 

208-, 261-. 
ponderable matter. Thomson, (Sir) W. 

[1889] L Elect. E. J. 18 (1890) 4*. 



82 



0600 The Ether 

ethei-atmosphere of moleonles. Wittwer, C, 

D. Nf. B. (•1883) e5-. 
existence. Bourdin, J, Lmn. Elect. 16 (1885) 

41»-. 
facts and fancies about. Brackett.A.W. [1898] 

Eastboome NH. 8. T. 3 (1894-1902) 181-. 
function. CcuaUmga, D^ A, As. Fr. G. B« 

(1891) [Pt. 1) 179. 
and its functions. Lodge, O. J. Nt. 27 (1883) 

304-, 328-. 
. Preston, S. T. Nt. 27 (1883) 579. 

— gravitation. DtiboUt E, A. G^n. Civ. 3 
(1864) 233-, 305-. 

. FitUay, C. Habana Ac. A. 9 (*1872) 

406- ; 11 (n874) 429-, 469-. 
. Bad, W. W. R. Mess. Mth. 21 (1892) 

20-. 
gyrostatic, adynamic constitution for. Thomson, 

(Sir) W. G. B. 109 (1889) 453-. 
Herscnel and Maxwell on. Chase, P, E, 

Franklin I. J. 122 (1886) 129- ; Ph. Mg. 22 

^886) 25&-. 
in interior of matter. Codaxza, O. At. Sc. It. 

(1844)85-. 
jelly theory, application of compressibility of 

colloids. Barus, C. Am. J. Sc. 6 (1898) 

285-. 
laws of equilibrium. LamS, O, Par. Ec. Pol. 

J. 23* cah. (1834) 191-. 
luminiferous. Deacon, H. J. Sc. 4 (1874) 180-. 
— . Wood,DeV, Ph. Mg. 20 (1885) 389-. 
^, Clark, J. M. [1889] Cn. I. T. 2 (1892) 

93— 
— . Stokes, (Sir) Q. G. [1893] Vict. I. J. 28 

(1896) 89^. 
— , constitution. Eamshaw,S. [1839] Gamb. 

Ph. 8. T. 7 (1842) 97-. 
— ,— . Stokes, G.G. Ph. Mg. 32 (1848) 343-. 
— , — on the vortex atom theory. Hicks, W. M, 

B. A. Bp. (1885) 930-. 

— and electrical, identity. WUd, H. Bern 
Mt. (1864) 194-. 

— , existence. Cook, E. H, Ph. Mg. 7 (1879) 

225-; 11 (1881) 477-. 
^, hypotheses. Fixeau, H. L. G. B. 33 

(1851) 849-; A. G. 57 (1859) 385-. 
— , theory. Thomson, (Sir) W. Ph. Mg. 26 

(1888) 414-, 500-. 
— , — , Sir W. Thomson's. Glazebrook, R. T. 

Ph. Mg. 26 (1888) 521-. 
— , — , . SeMUer, N. N. Bee. Mth. 

(MoBOOu) 19 (1897) 94-. 
— , trajectory of molecule. Meier, F, Lidge 

Bim. S. Sc. 13 (1858) 271-. 
— , vortex theory, propagation of laminar 

motions. Thomson, (Sir) W. B. A. Bp. 

(1887) 480-. 
and matter. Hammiersehmied, J. (x) Wien 

Vr. Nw. Kennt. Sohr. 11 (1871) 405-. 
. MouUon, J. F. [1877] B. I. P. 8 

(1879) 835-. 

— — , absence of mechanical connection. 
Lodge, O. Phil. Trans. (A) 189 (1897) 149-. 

, cozmeotion. Lodge, O. Nt. 48 (1893) 

627. 
mechanics. Farkas, G. [1900] Mth. Tennt. 
Eta. 19 (1901) 99-; Arch. N^rl. 5 (1900) 
60-. 



The Ether 0600 

mechanism for constitution of. Thomson, 

(Sir) W. Edinb. B. S. P. 17 (1891) 127-. 
molecular inductions due to longitudinal waves. 

Codazza, G. Mil. G. I. Lomb. 4 (1852) 199-. 
molecules in electric conductors, number and 

weight. Herwig, H. A. Ps. G. 150 (1873) 

381-. 
— , and material molecules, relations. Wittwer, 

C. D. Nf. B. ('1883) 66-. 
moUon. Klinkerfues, W. Oott. Nr. (1870) 

226-. 

— (Elinkerfues's experiment). Haga, H, 
Arch. N^rl. 5 (1900) 583-. 

— near Earth, and aberration problems. 
Lodge, 0. J. [1893] Phil. Trans. (A) 184 
(1894) 727-; Ph. Mg. 36 (1893) 549-. 

motions, possible. Mie, O, A. Ps. G. 68 

(1899) 129-. 
— , — . Wien, W. [1900] Ps. Z. 2 (1901) 148-. 
— , — (Wien). Mie, G. [1900] Ps. Z. 2 

(1901) 181-. 
nature. Brooke, C. Ph. Mg. 32 (1866) 531-. 
in nature, r61e. Burdin, ~. G. B. 75 (1872) 

1602-. 
non-existence of density in. Stoney, G. J, 

Dubl. S. Sc. P. 6 (1880-90) 392-. 
and origin of matter, hypotnesis. Martha- 

Beker, F. G. B. 79 (1874) 897-. 
physics. Larmor, J. B. A. Bp. (1900) 613-. 
is it ponderable ? Grolous, J, Par. S. Phim. 

BU. 12 (1875) 56-. 
potential, deduction of Green's expression. 

Volkmann, P. A. Ps. G. 35 (1888) 354-. 
pressure. Lam^, G. G. B. 14 (1842) 35-. 
production of longitudinal waves in. Kelvin, 

(Lord). B. 8. P. 59 (1896) 270-. 
propagation of disturbances in. Weinberg, B. P. 

Bs. Ps.-G. S. J. 30 (Ps,) (1898) 142- ; J. de 

Ps. 9 (1900) 54-. 

— — electricity through. Preston, S. T, 
Elect. 27 (1891) 519-, 652-. 

properties, methoa of establishing. Kretz, X. 

G. B. 79 (1874) 287-. 
— , models illustrating. Fitzgerald, G, F, 

Dubl. S. Sc. P. 4 (1886) 407- ; L. Ps. 8. P. 

7 (1886) 74-; Ph. Mg..l9 (1885) 438-. 

real, as one of the great principles of physical 
nature. Martin, E. G. B. 66 (1863) 1211-. 

resisting, barometer indications. Chase, P, E. 
Am. J. So. 38 (1864) 153-. 

rotational, in its application to electromagnet- 
ism. Heaviside, O. Elect. 26 (1891) 360-. 

and solar spectrum, and radiation and waves. 
Broca, A. Bv. Sc. 6 (1896) 1-. 

as source of motion. Preston, S, T, Elect. 26 
(1891)754-; 27(1891)14. 

specific heat. FiUgerald, G. F. Dubl. 8. Sc. 
P. 4 (1886) 477-. 

spheres, a vera causa of physical phenomena. 
Eamshaw, S, B. A. Bp. (1879) 248-. 

squirts. Pearson, K, Am. J. Mth. 13 (1891) 
309-. 

universal, theory. Marsili, L. Mil. At. 8. It. 

8 (1865) 494-. 

vibrations. Laurent, P. A. G. B. 21 (1845) 

529-. 
— . Chase, P. E. Am. Ph. 8. P. 12 (1872) 

411-. 



83 



f2 



0600 Theories of the Ether Dynamical Theories of Gravitation 0700 



vibrations, elliptic longitudinal. Ketteler, E, 

[1877] A. Pb. C. 3 (1878) 83-, 284-. 
— , resistance of molecules to. Bouaintiq^ J. 

C. R. 117 (1893) 138-. 
— , theory, and chemical action of light. 

FuHnieri, A, A. Sc. Lomb. Yen. 11 (1841) 

142-. 
viscosity, experiments. Lodge^ — . Nt. 44 

(1891) 454. 
waves, and their action. Preston^ S, T. Elect. 

28 (1892) 399-. 
— , possibility of electric forces causing. Fitz- 
gerald, G. F. [1879-82] Dubl. S. Sc. T. 1 

(1883) 133-, 173-, 325-. 
whirib and projections (Savart's figures). Heen, 

P. de. Brux. Ac. Bll. (1899) 589-; Arch. 

Sc. Ps. Nt. 9 (1900) 147-. 



Force, vehicle of. MorrU, C. J. Sc. 2 (1880) 

607-. 
Heat, conic theory. Harhord, J. B, Ph. Mg. 

34 (1867) 106-, 186-. 
Law of Fresnel. Jablonski, E, Liouv. J. Mth. 

2 (1886) 441-. 
Luminiferous and electric medium, dynamical 

theory. Larmor,J. [1893-94] Phil. Trans. 

(A) 185 (1895) 719-. 

— — — — , — — . (Electrons, theory.) 
Larmar, J. [1895] Phil. Trans. (A) 186 
(1896) 695-. 

— •— , (Larmor). Poineari, H, 

Eclair. Elect. 3 (1895) 5-, 289-; 5 (1895) 5-, 

385-. 
— — , . (Belations with material 

media.) Larmor, J, [1897] Phil. Trans. 

(A) 190 (1898) 205-. 
, . (Electrodynamic equations 

of moving material medium, and electro- 

striction.) Larmor, J. B. S. P. 63 (1898) 

365-. 
Magnetic action on light, theory. Larmor, J, 

B. A. Bp. (1893) 335-. 
, — (Larmor). Basset, A, B, Nt. 

52 (1895) 618. 

— medium in interspaces of matter. Codazza , G, 
[18551 MU. G. I. Lomb. 8 (1856) 247-. 

Material medium pervading space, existence. 

Stewart, B. B. I. P. 4 (1866) 558-. 
Matter of space. MorrU, C, Nt. 27 (1883) 

349-; 28 (1883) 148-. 
Motion, communication in rationally distributed 

medium. MarsiUy, {leg£n,) L,J,A, de C, de. 

As. Fr. C. B. (1880) 140-. 

— in infinite elastic solid, produced by body 
moving through same space. Kelvin, (Lord), 
[1900] Edinb. B. S. P. 23 (1902) 218-. 

— of sphere in infinite elastic medium, and 
reaction of medium on sphere, theory. 
BHllouin, — . A. C. 2 (1894) 117-. 

Pressure of light energy, Maxwell-Bartoli's. 
Lebedev, P. Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 32 {Ps.) (1900) 
211- ; Sc. Abs. 4 (1901) 485. 

Principles of mechanics ; constitution of bodies ; 
theory of perfect gases. Botusinesq, J, 
[1872] Bintp. Mm. Ac. Sect. Sc. 8 (1872-75) 
109- ; Liouv. J. Mth. 18 (1873) 305-. 



Properties of a medium, influence of obstacles 

arranged in rectangular order on. Bayleigh, 

{Lordj, Ph. Mg, 34 (1892) 481-. 
Bay vibrations. Faraday, M, Ph. Big. 28 

(1846) 345-. 
, and atoms. Whdpley, J. D. SilUman 

J. 48 (1845) 352-; 2 (1846) 401-. 
Synthesis of the heavens and the earth. 

Moigno, F, N, M. G. B. 96 (1883) 1166-. 
Thermodynamics, cosmical. Chase, P. E, 

[1874] Am. Ph. S. P. 14 (1876) 141-. 
Undulations, primitive, velocity. Chase, P, E, 

Am. As. P. 23 (1874) (Pt. 1) 99-. 
Universal change, finality, question regarding 

one of the physical premises upon which it 

is based. Preston, S, T. Ph. Big. 10 

(1880) 338-. 

Universe, possibility of explaining past changes 
by causes at present in operation. Preston, 
S. T. J. Sc. 8 (1878) 360-. 

0700 Dynamioal Theories of 
Gravitation. 

iSee also Astronomy 1050.) 

Longo, A, (vi Adds,) Palermo Effem. 5 

(1833) 19-. 
Challu, J, Ph. Mg. 18 (1859) 442-. 
Hoefer, L, Cosmos 24 (1864) 67-. 
Leeoq de Boisbaudran, — . 0. B. 69 (1869) 

703-. 
Vaschy, ~. J. de Ps. 5 (1886) 165-. 
Joly, J, Nt. 51 (1894-95) 57-, 127, 228. 
Worthington, A, M, [1894] Nt. 51 (1894-95) 

79. 
Lodge, 0, J. [1894] Nt. 51 (1894-95) 154. 
Attraction, material, and gravify in particular, 

nature. Rohida, K. [1870] (xn) E&mten 

Landms. Jb. 10 (1871) 172-. 
— , Newtonian, flux of mechanical energy for 

motion of bodies under. VoUerra, V. Tor. 

Ac. Sc. At. 34 (1898) 238- or 366-, 601- or 

805- ; N. Gim. 10 (1899) 337-. 
— , — , and natural phenomena. S4guin, — 

(oin^. Moigno Cosmos 18 (1861) 681-. 
— , — , new method of symbolising. HamUUmf 

(Sir) W. R, It, Ac. P. 3 (1847) 344-. 
— , theory , by Maxwell's method. Gosiewski, W, 

Prace Mt.-Fiz. 8 (189*0 178- ; Fsohr. Ps. 

(1898) {Ah, 1) 388-. 
— , universal. Laborde, — . Les Mondes 55 

(1881) 356-. 

— , — law. Smythies, J, K, B. S. P. 5 

(1849) 831-. 
— , — , and magnetism. Maggi, P. G. Verona 

Mm. Ac. Ag. 25 (1851) 131-. 
— , — , . SludsiU, T, A, (xn) Bee. 

Mth. (Moscou) 3 (1868) (Pt, 2) 123-. 
Attractive force, origin. Chase, P. E, [1874] 

Am. Ph. S. P. 14 (1876) 111-. 
— and repulsive forces, and action through a 

medium. Tannery, P. J. de Ps. 6 (1877) 

242-. 
, generation by fluid pressures. 

Tannery, P. Bordeaux S. Sc. Mm. 2 (1878) 

95-. 



84 



0700 Gravitation 

Displacemento in homogeneoas mediam dne to 

small expansions or contractions. Bouisinesq , 

J, G. B. 94 (1882) 1648-. 
Electromagnetic theory of the heavenly motions. 

Behr, H. van, [1846] (vi Adds,) Ednigsb. 

Nw. Unterh. 1 (1847) 213-. 
Falling motion, origin. Morris^ C, J. Sc. 2 

(1880) 367-. 

GRAVITATION. 

Anon, (yi 1166) Sturgeon A. Electr. 9 (1842) 

317-. 
Buff, H. ZwoUe Voomitgang 1 (1851) 131-. 
WaUing, H, F. Am. J. Sc. 40 (1865) 254-. 
Mackereth, T. Manch. Lt. Ph. S. P. 20 (1881) 

77-. 
Fabiant O. (xn) Kosmos (Lw.) 7 (1882) 56-. 
JaroUmek, A, [1883] Wien Ak. Sb. 88 (1884) 

(Ah, 2) 897-. 
LorerUz, H. A. Amst. Ak. Vs. 8 (1900) 603- ; 

Amst. Ak. P. 2 (1900) 559-. 
as absorption. Uenkrane, C. Z. Mth. Ps. 37 

(1892) [Suppl.) 161-. 
application of theory of images. LipschitZf R, 

[1861] Grelle J. 61 (1863) 22-. 
attempts to explain. Lindeldf,L,L, Helsingf. 

Ofv. 12 (1870) 37-. 
. Tannery, P. Bordeaux S. Sc. Mm. 

5 (1890) 101-. 
cause (pamphlet by Vince). Young, (Dr,) T. 

[StpruMi DytiMeus,] Nicholson J. 19 (1808) 

304- ; 20 (1808) 276-. 

— (Dytiscus). Vinee, S, Nicholson J. 19 
(1806) 344-. 

— . Wakdin, T. B, [1880] N. Z. I. T. 13 

(1881) 122-. 

— of laws. Avenariui, M. P. [1880] (xn) 
Kiev S. Nt. Mm. 6 (2) (1881) 63-. 

— , and pendulum experiments. Thompson, J, B, 

C. N. 60 (1889) 295-. 
— , — universal attraction. Keller, E., dt 

Keller, F, A, E, C. B. 56 (1863) 530-. 
and cohesion. Thomson, (Sir) W, Edinb. B. 

8. P. 4 (1862) 604-. 

— conservation of energy. Brileke, E. Wien 
SB. 25 a857) 19-. 

. Young, (Rev,) O. P, Cn. J. 14 

(1875) 589-. 
dynamical explanation. Preston, S. T, Wien 

Ak. Sb. 87 (1883) (Ab, 2) 795-. 
. Rysdnek,A. £xnerBpm.24(1888)90-. 

— theories, comparative review. Preston, S, T. 
Ph. Mg. 39 (1895) 145-. 

within Earth. Nystrom, J, W, Franklin I. J. 

22 (1851) 205-. 
elasticity tneoiy. BeUrami, E, Mil. I. Lomb. 

Bd. 17 (1884) 581-. 
eleotrioaJ theoiy. Leray, (Vabb^ — . Les 

Mondes 22 (1870) 760-. 
. Franklin, W. S. Science 12 (1900) 

887-. 
and electricity, possible relation. Faraday, M, 
[1850] Phil. Trans. (1851) 1-. 

— the ether. Dubois, E, A. G^n. Civ. 3 
(1864) 233-, 305-. 

,, . FMay, C. Habana Ac. A. 9 (*1872) 

406- ; 11 (*1874) 429-, 469-. 



aravitation 0700 

Euler's theory. Isenkrahe, C, [1880] Z. 

Mth. Ps. 26 (1881) (H,'lt, Ah,) 1-. 
experiments. Wakeltn, T. [1884] N. Z. I. T. 

17 (1885) 407-. 
fallacy as to theory. Alvord, B, [1882] 

Smiths. Misc. Col. 25 (1883) Art. 2, 85-. 

(Wash. Ph. S. Bll. 5 (1883).) 
and heat. Oreguss, G, [1870] (xn) Mag. 

Tud. Ak. 6tk. (Term,) 2 (1872) (No, 5) 14 pp. 
, alleged connection. Schuller,A, [1876] 

(xn) Mag. Tud. Ak. Etk. (Term.) 6 (1876) 

(No. 4) 8 pp. 
Huygen8*8 hypothesis. Anon, (vi 230) Bb. 

Un. 24 (1823J 3-. 
hydrodynamical theory, model for. Kom, A. 

Miinch. Ak. Sb. 27 (1898) 197-. 
hypotheses. Croll, J, Ph. Mg. 34 (1867) 449-. 
and inertia. Fessenden, R. A. Science 12 

(1900) 325-. 
kinetic theories. Taylor, W. B. Smiths. Bp. 

(1876) 205-. 

— theorv, bearing on phenomena of cohesion 
and chemical action. Preston, 8. T, Ph. 
Mg. 5 (1878) 297-. 

according to laws of thermodynamics. Anders- 

sohn. A, Z. Nw. 10 (1874) 242-. 
Le Sage theoiy (ultramundane corpuscles). 

Thomson, (Sir) W, [1871] Edinb. B. S. P. 

7 (1872) 577-. 

. Croll, J, Ph. Mg. 5 (1878) 45-. 

, dynamical conditions applicable to. 

Preston, S. T, Ph. Mg. 4 (1877) 206-, 364-. 
, objection. Farr, C, C, [1897] N. Z. 

I. T. 30 (1898) 118-. 
Le Sage-Thomson theory, difiBculties in. Oliver, 

J, E, Am. As. P. (1892) 88-. 
and light. W...o, Baumgartner Z. 5 (1837) 

471-. 
, cosmical relations. Chase, P. E, [1869] 

Am. Ph. S. P. 11 (1871) 103-. 
, relative velocities. Chase, P. E. Am. 

Ph. S. P. 13 (1873) 148-. 
mechanical theory. Kiaer, H. J. Ghristiania 

F. (1892) No. 12, 30 pp. ; Fsohr. Ps. (1892) 

(Ah. 1) 209. 
. Casalonga, — . As. Fr. C. B. (1900) 

(Pt, 1) 138-. 
, importance of experiments. Preston, 

S, T. Ph. Mg. 11 (1881) 391-. 
mechanism. Odstriil, J. Wien Ak. Sb. 89 

(1884) (Ah, 2) 485-. 
molecular attraction or chemical affinity referred 

to. Lihes, A. J. de Ps. 54 (1802) 391-, 

443-. 
and molecular attraction, identity. Nohili, L, 

Brugnatelli O. 10 (1817) 259-. 
energy of matter. Sutherland, A. [1877 ] 

Vict. B. S. T. 14 (1878) 84-. 

— nature of the ether, hypothesis. BaU, 
W, W, R, Mess. Mth. 21 (1892) 20-. 

nature and velocity, determination. Fessenden, 

R. A. Science 12 (1900) 740-. 
new theoiy. heray, {pahhi) — . G. B. 69 (1869) 

615-. 
Newton's law, and the law of attraction. 

Anderssohn, A. (sen.) Mt. Ostld. 5 (1892) 

71-. 



85 



0800 



Measurement of Dynamical Qnantities 



0805 



■ t 



.1 



physical theories. JEfaZZ, T. P. Iowa Ao. So. 

P. 3 (1896) 47-. 
present position of our knowledge. Mouison, 

A, Ziir. Vjschr. 14 (1869) 167-. 
propagation with reference to time and space. 

Gerher, P. Z. Mth. Ps. 43 (1898) 93-. 
Biemann's theory. Helm, O, Z. Mth. Ps. 23 

(1878) 261-. 
and rotation, mntual effects. HSussler, J, W, 

Ezner Bpm. 22 (1886) 501-. 
, (Haussler). Lampe, E. Exner 

Bpm. 23 (1887) 571-. 
, . Hdtusler, J. W. Exner Bpm. 

23 (1887) 719-. 
, (Lampe). Hdussler^ J. W, Exner 

Bpm. 24 (1888) 60-. 
, (Haussler). Favero, G, B. Bm. 

B. Ao. Line. Bd. 4 (1888) {Sem, 1) 310-. 
, (Haussler). Lampe, E. Exner 

Bpm. 24 (1888) 324-. 
as secondary electric effect, theory. Festenden, 

jR. A. [1900] So. Abs. 4 (1901) 8-. 
terrestrial. Fontana, G. [1798] Mod. S. It. 

Mm. 8 (1799) 124-. 
transformation. Croll, J. Ph. Mg. 2 (1876) 

241-. 
velocity of propagation. Hepperger, J. van, 

Wien Ak. Sb. 97 (1889) (Ab. 2a) 337-. 

. PresUm, S. T. Nt. 48 (1893) 103. 

, determination by Doppler's principle. 

Mewet, R. Dingier 315 (1900) 637-. 



Gravitational permeability. Austin, L.W.^dt 

Thwing, C. B. Ps. Bv. 5 (1897) 294-. 
Molecular physics, problem, contribution of 

astronomy to solution. Pictet, R. A. G. 

25 (1882) 546-. 
Newton and action at a distance. Kincan, 

C. de, Bv. Quest. Sc. 33 (1893) 169-. 
PotentifiJ energy. Proveiuali, F, 8. Bm. N. 

Line. Mm. 4 (1888) 3-. 
Quartz crystals, directive action. Poynting, 

J. H,,dt Gray, P. L. [1898] Phil. Trans. 

(A) 192 (1899) 245-. 
Bepulsion. Heath, D, D. Nt. 30 (1884) 490. 
Solar and planetaiy systems, electrical nypo- 

thesis for. Delta, Elect. Bv. 42 (1898) 72-, 

138-, 283-, 460-, 491- ; 43 (1898) 655. 



MEASUREMENT OF DYNAMICAL 
AND MECHANICAL QUANTI- 
TIES. ELASTICITY. 

0800 General. 

Accurate straight edges, manufacture. Wads- 
worth, F, L, O. Franklin I. J. 138 (1894) 
1-. 

Art of measuring. Siemens, (Sir) C, W. V. 
Nost. Eng. Mg. 15 (1876) 159-. 

Degree of accuracy of measures. MaccUuso, D. 
Catania Ac. Gioen. At. 17 (1883) 173-. 

Errors in reading graduations. Dorst, F, J, 
Z. Instk. 6 (1886) 383-. 

Extremely small distances,appreciation. Stoney, 
G, J. Dubl. S. Sc. P. 7 (1891-92) 530-. 



Force (energy) and matter, persistence. Dreher, 

E, Emden Nf . Gs. Jbr. (1891-92) 37-. 
Indicators and registering instruments, condi- 
tions necessary for. BUmdel, A. C. B. 116 

(1893) 748-. 
BCarks on glass, method of making clear. 

Martens, F, F. A. Ps. C. 62 (1897) 206-. 
Measurements of precision, relation to condition 

of man. MendenhaU, T. C, J. H. Un. Cir. 

13 (1893-94) 42-. 
Measuring instruments at the Philadelphia 

Electrical Exhibition. GuSrout, A, Lum. 

Elect. 16 (1885) 7-. 
Metrological instruments. Lehmann, C, F, Z. 

Ethnl. 28 (1696) (438)-, (572). 
^~ research, present state. Lehmann, C, F. 

Z. Ethnl. 26 (1894) (188)-. 

— studies. Wild, H, [I.] St. P^t. Ac. Sc. 
Mm. 18 (1872) {No, 8) 26 pp.; 23 (1877) 
(No. 8) 22 pp. 

in British Museum. Lehmann, C, F. Z, 

Ethnl. 23 (1891) (515)-. 
Metrology. Chisholm,H.W. Nt. 8 (1873) 268-. 
— , chapter in. Grafstrom, E, Am. Eng. & 

BaUroad J. 72 (1898) 289-. 
— .progressof science in. Harkness,W, Smiths. 

Misc. Col. 33 (1888) Art. 4, xxxix (&m)-. 

(Wash. Ph. S. Bll. 10 (1888).) 
Microscope in workshop. Rogers, W,A, Mcr. 

S. J. 6 (1886) 679-. 

— — — (testing planeness of surfaces). 
Rogers, W. A, Am. Mcr. S. P. 14 (1892) 128-. 

Modem measurements, refinement. Brashear, 
J. A. Sid. Mess. 9 (1890) 204-. 

Pressure, influence of small differences on re- 
sults of accurate measurements and weigh- 
ings. Marek,W.J, Carl Bpm. 17 (1881) 593-. 

Value of physical constants for Bucarest. 
Negreanu, D. Bucarest Ac. Bom. A. 19 
{Pt. admin,) (1897) 390- ; J. de Ps. 7 (1898) 
425. 

Whitworth's planes, standard measures, and 
guns. TyndaU, J. B. I. P. 7 (1875) 624-. 



0805 Theory of Measurement 
(combination of observations). 
Harmonic Analysis. Units 
and Dimensions. Standards oi 
Measurement. 

THEOBY OF MEASUBEMENT (COMBINA- 
TION OF OBSEBVATIONS). 

{See Mathematics 1630.) 

HABMONIC ANALYSIS. 

Perry, J. Elect. 28 (1892) 362. 

Houston, E. J., db KenneUy, A.E, Sc. Abs. 1 

(1898) 471. 
Graphic method. Hess, A, Eclair. Elect. 5 

(1895) 20-. 
Harmonic analyser. Thomson, {Sir) W, B. 

S. P. 27 (1878) 371-. 



86 



0806 



Units and Dimensions 



0805 



Harmonio analyser, new. Henrici, 0. Gdtt. 

Nr. (1894) 80-; L. Ps. S. P. 18 (1896) 77-; 

Ph. Mg. 88 (1894) 110-. 
, reading amplitude and epoch directly. 

Sharp, A. L. Ps. S. P. 13 (1896) 89- ; Ph. 

Mg. 38 (1894) 121-. 
, simple form. Yule, G, U. L. Ps. S. P. 

13 aB96) 40a- ; Ph. Mg. 39 a896) 367-. 

— analysers, new. Hess, A. Eclair. Elect. 4 
(1896) 386-. 

New method. Sharp, A, L. Ps. S. P. 13 

(1896) 699. 
Polar-planimeter method. Finsterwalder, S. 

Z. Mth. Ps. 43 (1898) 8&-. 
Wave motion. L%ndd6f,L.L, [1878] Helsingf. 

Ofv. 16 (1874) 86-. 

UNITS AND DIMENSIONS. 

BahXa, M. B. Arg. S. Ci. A. 29 (1890) 97-, 
269-; 30 (1890) 21-, 81-, 161-, 241-. 

Absolute ana gravitation systems. Slate, F, 
Nt. 44 (1891) 446. 

— units. Bohn, C. [1882] A. Ps. C. 18 
(1883) 846-; 20 (1883) 690-. 

(Bohn). V<akmann, P. A. Ps. C. 19 

(1888) 246-; 21 (1884) 61&-. 
. Moan, W, B. A. Bp. (1891) 680; Tel, 

J. 28 (1891) 649-. 
. Kis^akovtkij, V, Bs. Ps.-C. S. J. 26 

{Pi.) (1893) 81-; J. de Ps. 3 (1894) 237. 
and measurement in mechanics. Kiel, — . 

Bonn Niedr. Gs. Sb. (1896) 80-. 
, reduction to fundamental units of time 

and length. Sahtdka, J. Elekttech. Z. 11 

(1890) 46^. 

, system. SundeU,A.F. [1881] Helsingf. 

Acta 12 (1883) 361-. 

,— . Volkmann,P. A. Ps. C. 16 (1882) 481-. 

, — . Lehmarm, O, Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. 

Vh. 13 (1900) (Ab.) 366-. 

, — , and dimensions of physical quanti- 
ties. Krebs, — . Cztg. Opt. 10 (1889) 7-. 

, — -, — electrical units. Giraldy, F, 

Lum. Elect. 6 (^1881) 181-, 216-. 

, systems. Szarvady, O. Lum. Elect. 

14 (1884) 821-, 876-, 418-. 

, — . Boulanger, J. Lum. Elect. 16 

(1886) 3-. 
, — Winter, W. Exner Bpm. 24 (1888) 

471-. 
Algebraic symbols in applied mathematics. 

Lodge, O. J. Nt. 43 (1891) 613. 
. Macaiday, W. H, Nt. 43 

(1891) 668. 

C. G. 8. and centimeter dyne second system 
of units, and a gravitational experiment. 
Feuenden, JR. A. Science 22 (1893) 339-. 

system. (Correction of statements in 

Everett's book.) Tittmann, 0. H. Nt. 46 

(1892) 581. 

(Tittmann). Everett, J, D, Nt. 

46 (1892) 681-. 
, fundamental units. Stok, — van 

der. Batav. Ntk. Ts. 47 (1887) 688-. 
, metre in. Torre, M, Bv. Sc.- 

Ind. 22 (1890) 262-. 



C. G. S. system, metric units of force, energy 
and power, larger than units of. Thomson, 
(Prof,) Jas. B. A. Bp. (1876) (Sect.) 32-. 

units. Preece, W. H. Elect. 21 

(1888) 701-. 

Constants and units, report. GmUaume, C, E. 

B. A. Bp. (1892) 166-. 
— , universal natural. Thiesen, M, D. Ps. Gs. 

Vh. (1900) 116-. 
Dimensional equations and change of units. 

Shaw, W. N. Camb. Ph. S. P. 6 (1886) 137-. 
, homogeneity in. Clavenad, C. C. B. 

116 (1892) 470-. 
-^ — , (Clavenad). Va^ehy, — . C. B. 

116 (1892) 697-. 

— — , and nomenclature. Thomson, (Prof,) 
Jos, B. A. Bp. (1878) 461-. 

, use. Peddie, W, Edinb. Mth. S. P. 9 

(1891)30-; 11(1893)7. 
Dimensions method, application to proof of 

physical theorems. Neesen, F. A. Ps. C. 

7 (1879) 329-. 
— r of physical quantities. Winter, W. Exner 

Bpm. 21 (1886) 776-. 
. Baverot, E. Lum. Elect. 23 

(1887) 101- ; 36 (1890) 601-. 
, relation to directions in space. 

Williams, W. L. Ps. S. P. 11 (1892) 367-; 

Ph. Mg. 34 (1892) 234-. 
, suppressed. Bucker,A.W. [1888] 

L. Ps. S. P. 10 (1890) 37-; Ph. Mg. 27 

(1889) 104-. 

, systems of, and laws of action. 

Bovida, A, Lum. ]^lect. 62 (1894) 601-. 
, theory. Pietzker, F. D. Nf. Vh. 

(1898) {Th. 2. Hdlfte 1) 30-. 

— , theory. Sluginov, N, P, (xn) Bs. Ps.-C. 

S. J. 16 (Ps., Pt. 1) (1884) 49-, 238-; Fschr. 

Ps. (1884) [Ab. 1) 28 — . 
— , — . Abraham, H. J. de Ps. 1 (1892) 61ft-. 
— , — . Schreber, A. J. de Ps. 8 (1899) 613-. 

— of /t and ic. Fessenden, B. A. Am. As. P. 

(1899) 116- ; Ps. Bv. 10 (1900) 1-, 83-. 
(Fessenden). P.,W.A. Elect. 

Bv. 46 (1900) 898-. 
Dynamical units (B. A. rep., 1873). Everett, 

J. D. B. A. Bp. 48 (1873) 222-. 

. Smith, B.H. Nt. 36 (1887) 68. 

, absolute, system. Boviaa, A. Bv. Sc.- 

Ind. [24 (1892)] 163-. 
Electrical units and definitions. Basso, G, 

It. S. Met. An. 6 (1890) 131-. 
Elements of physical work: — vis viva, force, 

etc. Nystrom, J. W. Franklin I. J. 48 

(1864) 326-. 
Energetics. Ostwald, W. Leip. Mth. Ps. B. 

43 (1891) 271- ; 44 (1892) 211-. 
Fundamental units. MendenhdU, T, C. Am. 

S. CE. T. 30 (1893) 120-. 
in absolute systems, change. MaUigoli, 

JR. iiclair. felect. 11 (1897) 686-. 
, — . Brylinski, E. Eclair. 

ilect. 12 (1897) 60-. 
Gaussian units. Abria, O. [1882] Bordeaux 

S. Sc. Mm. 6 (1883) 16-. 
(Germany, system of units for. Anon, (vi 626) 

Hann. Z. Aroht. Vr. 6 (1860) 481-. 



87 



0805 Units and Dimensions 

Homogeneity of fonnolsB. Ledieu, A. C, H. 
G. B. 96 (1883) 1692-. 

— and physical equations. Clavenad, — . G^n. 
Civ. 23 (1893) 176-. 

— in physical lormalsB. Bertrand, J. G. B. 
86 (1878) 916-. 

— , reciprocity. Ledieu, A, C. H, C. B. 96 

(1883) 1834-. 
M. E. S. system of units. Bogers^ F. J, Ps. 

Bv. 11 (1900) 115-. 
Magnetic, gravitational and luminous force. 

Chate, P. E. [1876] Am. Ph. 8. P. 14 

(1876) 607-. 

— quantities, dimensions. Hospitalier^ E. 
[1887] Eldct. 20 (1888) 163-. 

Mass and force units. Newcomb, S, Science 

2 (^1883) 493-. 
Micrometrio unit (micron p). Comet j — . 

[1880] Brux. S. Big. Mor. BU. 6 (*1882) 

cxxvi-. 
Natural system of units. Hauff, J. K. F. Bode 

As. Jb. (1813) 228-. 
Nature, units of. SUmey, G. J. [1881] Dubl. 

S. Sc. P. 3 (1883) 51-. 
Notation for units. Didion, I. Metz Mm. 

Ac. 17 (1835-36) 227-. 
. Macfarlanet — . Cn. I. P. 3 (1886) 

81-. 
Ostwald's system of units, and surface tension. 

Schreher, K. Ps. Z. 1 J1900) 75-, 165-. 
Physical quantities, mamematical classifica- 
tion. Maxwell, J. C. L. Mth. S. P. 3 

(1869-71) 224-. 
Beduction of units to a single dimension. 

Budde, E. A. Ps. C. 20 (1883) 161-. 
Units. Qiraldy, F. hum. Elect. 3 ('1881) 

89 
— . ' Guillaume, C. E. [1900] Sc. Abs. 4 

(1901) 475-. 
— , systems. PioncJum, J. Bordeaux S. Sc. 

Mm. 2 (1891) 1-. 
— , theory. Ledieu, A.C.H, G. B. 95 (1882) 

1328- ; 96 (1883) 986-. 
— r, — . Szarvady, G, hum. 6lect. 23 (1887) 

401-. 
Value of physical constants in different systems. 

Malagoli, R, Bv. Sc.-Ind. 29 (1897) 269-. 
The watt and horse-power. Preece, W. H. 

Elect. 13 (1884) 473. 
Weight, mass, and dynamical units. Haytoard, 

R. B. Nt. 35 (1887) 604-. 
— f force, units. OreenhUl, A, Q. Nt. 

35 (1887) 486-. 
— t , — . Oeoghegan, E, Nt. 35 (1887) 

534; 36(1887)4. 

— . , — . Lodge, A. Nt. 35 (1887) 

557. 

— . , — . EUioU,A. C. Nt. 35 (1887) 

605-. 

— . , — . Lock, J. B. Nt. 36 (1887) 

174. ' 

— » , — . Macfarlane, A, Nt. 36 

(1687) 174-. 

— t , — . Greenhill, A. G. Nt. 36 

(1887) 196-. 



Standards of Measurement 0805 



STANDABDS OF MEASUBEMENT. 

Littman, E, Stockh. Ak. Hndl. (1844) 17-. 
Chisholm, H. W. Nt. 8 (1873) 268-. 
Jackson, L. d'A. J. Sc. 21 (1884) 789-. 
Babylonian measure and weight and their varia- 
tions. Lehmann, C, F. Z. Ethnl. 21 (1889) 

(245)-, (642)-. 
Bntish standards. Lucas, JR. B. [1885] S. 

Aust. B. S. T. 9 (1887) 18-. 
Burmese measure and weight. NodHng, F. 

Z. Ethnl. 28 (1896) (40)-. 
Comparison of standards of Franoe, Bussia and 

Great Britain. (With tables.) Mendelieff, 

D. Par. Poids et Mes. PV. (1897) 165-. 
Cube, cylinder and sphere. Sir G. S. Evelyn's, 

remeasurement. Kater, H. Phil. Trans. 

(1821) 316-. 
Cubic inch and ** loth " ; cubic centimetre and 

gramme. Bauer, K. L, A. Ps. C. 133 

(1868) 189-. 
Decimal measures. NeUson, W. (vi Add9.) 

Glasg. T. I. Eng. 1 (1857-58) 41-. 

— metric system for Bussia. Petruievsh^, 
r. r. Bs, Ps.-C. S. J. 25 (Ps.) (1893) 91- ; 
J. de Ps. 3 (1894) 237-. 

— and metric systems. Penrose, F. C. [1863] 
Br. Archt. I. Pp. (1864) 43-. 

— system. Walmsley, R. Af. Sc. S. Arts T. 
13 (1894) 445-. 

of 17th century. Gore, J. H. Am. J. 

Sc. 41 (1891) 22-. 
with 1/16-inch as basis. Holland, J. S. 

(VI Adds.) Glasg. T. I. Eng. 1 (1857-58) 

39-. 
, link of Gunter's chain as unit. Lyman, 

B. S. Am. As. P. 15 (1866) 100-. 
of weights, measures and coins, uniform. 

Broum, S. [1858] Assur. Mg. 8 (*1860) 156-, 

263-. 
Egyptian measures, ancient. Girard, P, 8. 

(VI Adds.) Con. des Temps 14, (1806) 

420-. 
, — , recent discoveries. Anon, (vi 152) 

Bb. It. 53 (1829) 200-. 
Fundamental standards of length and mass. 

Mendenhall, T. C. U. S. Coast Geod. Sv. 

Bll. No. 26 (1893) 1-. 
Great Pyramid, metrology. Smyth, C. P. 

Edinb. B. S. T. 23 (1864) 667-; 24 (1867) 

385-. 
, — . Wackerbarth, A. D. [1868] Edinb. 

B. S. P. 6 (1869) 235-. 
, _. Simpson, (Sir) J. Y. [1868] Edinb. 

B. S. P. 6 (1869) 243-. 

, — (Wackerbarth and Simpson). Smyth, 

C. P. [1868] Edinb. B. S. P. 6 (1869) 
316-. 

, — . Smyth, C. P. QJ. Sc. 1 (1871) 

16-, 177-. 
, — . Barnard, F. A. P. Soh. Mines Q. 

N. Y. 5 (1884) 97-, 193-, 289-. 
, — . Totten, (Lt.) C. A. L. V. Nost. 

Eng. Mg. 31 (1884) 226-. 
Metre and kilogramme. Wrede, F, J. [1872] 

Stockh. Bh. Ak. Hndl. 1 (1872-73) No. 3, 

40 pp. 



88 



0805 



Standards of Meararement 



Length 0805 



Bfetre and kilogramine des Arohives, copies. 

StdnheU, C A. von. Miinch. Gel^rte Az. 

8 (18S9) 389- ; Wien D. 27 (1867) (1*« Ah.) 

151-. 
and standards of Conservatoire 

des Arts et Metiers, comparison. Marin, 

A. J, Par. A. Cions. 5 (1864) 6-. 
, comparison, new method. Lummer, 

O. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1887) 6 (6m)-. 
, mean temperatore for. Maut, U, 

A. Ck)ns. Arts et M^t. 10 (*1878) 145-. 
and second. Zanotti Bianco ^ 0. N. 

Antol. Sc. 136 (1894) 476-. 
, standard. Stamkart^ F, J. Amst. 

Ak. Vs. M. 17 (1882) 74-. 
, — . (Report.) Amsterdam Konink- 

lyke Akademie, Commistie. Amst. Ak. Ys. M. 

3 (1887) 280-. 
^ , — . Donderst F. C, Amst. Ak. Vs. 

M. 3 (1887) 291-. 
, — (Bonders). Bostcha, J. Amst. 

Ak. Vs. M. 3 (1887) 426-. 
, — (Bosscha). Danders f F, C. Amst. 

Ak. Vs. M. 4 (1888) 169-. 
, — . Oudemanst J. A. C, Amst. Ak. 

Vs. M. 4 (1888) 448-. 

, — . Stamkart, F. J. Amst. Ak. Vs. 

. M. 4 (1888) 458-. 
, — , copies. Stamkart, F. J, Amst. 

Ak. Vs. M. 16 (1881) 359-. 
Metric and British units. Ooodwyn, H. 

Nicholson J. 4 (1801) 163-. 
, conversion, tables for. Stoney, 



Metric system, Berchthold's. MdUinger, 0, 

Sch. Gs. Vh. (1848) 74-. 
, Chili. Cerveroy J., et aUi, Santiago de 

ChiU Un. A. 26 (^1865) 719-. 

— — » Egyptian, relation to Babylonian. 
Lehmann, C. F. Z. Bthnl. 21 (1889) 
(630)- ; 22 (1890) (86)-. 

— — , extension. BeUet, D. Rv. So. 51 
(1893) 667-. 

and the Government. MenderihaU, T. C. 

Am. Eng. & Railroad J. 72 (1898) 294. 
, historical notice. Morint A, J, Par. 

A. Cons. 9 (1873) 573-. 
in Liguria. MuUedo^ — . Geneva B4m. 

I. Ligare 1 (1806) 139-. 

— — — meteorology. Hazen, H, A, Nt. 58 
(1895-96) 198-. 

and its new basis. Lannoy^ — de, Rv. 

Quest. So. 45 (1899) 156-. 
, objections urged against. Sgiitre, W, 8. 

S. C. In. J. 19 (1900) 107-. 

— — , proposed international standard for 
screw threads. Anon. Am. Eng. & Railroad 
J. 70 (1896) 59-. 

, prototypes. Panticovllant, O. le D. de. 

C. R. 69 (1869) 728-. 
, — (de Pont^coulant). Faye, H, A. JS. 

C. R. 69 (1869) 737-. 
Natural measures, pendulum, arc of meridian, 

wave lengths of light. WiUigen^ V. 8. M. 

van der. [1870] Amst. Vs. Ak. 5 (1871) 

(Ntk.) 17-, 46-; Harl. Arch. Ms. Teyl. 3 

(1874) 142-. 



G. J. [1889] Dubl. S. Sc. P. 6 (1888-90) , — , , . Stamkart, 



355-. 

English units, conversion, tables for. 

Frazer, P. {jun.) Am. Ph. S. P. 17 (1878) 
536-. 

— standards, general. Jacobi, H. C. R. 69 
(1869) 854-. 

, new. Hermann, F. Bern Mt. (1870) 

243-. 
, — , comparison. Marek, W. Z. Instk. 

11 (1891) 296-. 
, — prototypes, and their equations. 

BewAt, J. JR. [1889] Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. 

Mm. 7 (1890) 132 pp. 

— system. Anon, (vi 308) Con. des Temps 
(1801) 455-. 

. Brown, S. Assur. Mg. 11 (♦1864) 263-. 

. Abt, A, (xn) Eolozsv&r Orv.-Term. 

T&rs. Ets. [1] (1876) {Term. EstSl.) [1]-. 
. Brit. Ass. Comm. B. A. Rp. (1884) 

27— 
.' Wemetein, — . D. Nf . Vh. (1893) (Th. 

2, HalfU 1) 27-. 

. Basse, W. Am. Eng. & Railroad J. 

- 70 (1896) 137. 
. Brook-Fox, F. G. Nt. 53 (1895-96) 

222. 
-r- — .' Strachey, R. Nt. 53 (1895-96) 270. 
. Dixon, W. F. Am. Eng. & Railroad J. 

72 (1898) 368. 
. Dawson, J. E. [1899-1900] I. Mn. E. 

T. 17 (1900) 326-; 18 (1900) 408- ; 20 (1902) 

505-. 
, Babylonian. Lehmann, C. F. Berl. Ps. 

Gs. Vh. (1889) 81-. 



F. J., dt Stuart, L. C. [1870] Harl. Arch. 

Ms. Teyl. 3 (1874) 167-. 
Ratio of certain measures. Prany, (baron) R. 

de. [18163 Par. Mm. Ac. Sc. 2 (1817) 409-, 

435-. 
Russian yard and pound, comparison with 

English prototypes. MendeUev, D. Rs. 

Ps..C. S. J. 29 (Ps.) (1897) (App.) 93-. 
Swedish units of length, volume and weight, 

history. Wallmark, L. J. Stockh. Ofv. 

11 (1854) 86-. 
Swiss standards, reform. Wild, H. [1868] 

Ztlr. N. D. Sch. Gs. 23 (1869) (Mm. 3) 

170 pp. 
Systems of measurement. Bertrand, — . Les 

Mondes 8 (1884) 50-, 104-, 131-. 
United States prototype standards. MendenhaU, 

T. C. Am. I. Mn. E. T. 18 (1890) 716-. 



STANDARDS OP MEASUREMENT: 
LENGTH. 

Rodenbach, C. Brux. Ac. Bll. 29 (1870) 559-. 

6ubr, E. Casopis 3 ('1874) 228-; 4 (♦1875) 

21-, 57-, 134-, 167-, 209- ; Fschr. Mth. 

(♦1874) 749. 
Rogers, W. A. (xn) Am. Mcr. J. 1 (1878-79) 

97-; («) Am. Ac. P. 15 (1880) 273-; 18 

(1883) 287-. 
Gieseler, E. A. Franklin I. J. 126 (1888) 115-. 
Clark, E. P. Sch. Mines Q. N. Y. 14 (1893) 

112-, 192-. 



89 



0805 Length 



Standards of Measurement 



Metre 0805 



Alloys suitable for standards and instruments 

of precision. OuiUaumet C E, Par. Poids 

et Mes. Py. (1897) 98-. 
Ancient and modem measures. Bertird^ M, 

Lucca At. Ac. 6 (1830) 265-. 
prehistoric measures. Qreg^R^P. [1885- 

86] Cn. Be. Sc. 1 (1885) 211- ; 2 (1887) 48-. 

— standards rediscovered. Wolf, C. J. E. 
C. R. 95 (1882) 977-. 

, value. Oerspach, — . C. R. 106 (1888) 

1256-. 
Babylonian measure. Bdckh, [A.] Berl. B. 

(1864) 76-. 
* ' Brassa, ' ' ancient measure of Toulouse. Vitry, 

U, Toul. Mm. Ac. 3 (1847) 336-. 
British modular standard. Hertchel, (Sir) 

J, F. W. Franklin I. J. 40 (1860) 47-. 
—standards. Kater.H. Phil. Trans. (1821) 75-. 
Comparison of Austrian, Italian and French 

standards. Schiaparelli, G, F« Mil. I. 

Lomb. Rd. 1 (1864) 312- ; MU. EfiFem. 

(1866) 3-. 
standards of different countries. (Pre- 
face by Col. Sir Henry James.) Clarke, 

A. R. Phil. Trans. 167 (1867) 161- ; 163 

(1873) 445-. 
in summer and winter. Oudemans, 

J.A.C. Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 6 (1889) 299-. 
Conservation of standards. Hirsch, Ad., d^ 

Tresca, H. A. Cons. Arts et M6t. 10 (*1873) 

148-. 
Construction and comparison of standards. 

Rogers, W, A. (xn) Am. S. Mcr. P. (1882) 

231- ; (1883) 240-. 
Danish standard. Schunuicher, H. C, QJ. Sc. 

11 (1821) 184-. 
Egyptian cubit and the nilometer. Girard^ 

P. S. Par. Mm. de r I. 5 (1804) {Sc. Mor.) 63-. 
, septenary. Girard, P. S. [1827] Par. 

Mm. Ac. Sc. 9 (1830) 691-. 

— and Qreek measures. James, (Sir) H, Phil. 
Trans. 163 (1873) 445-. 

— measure, ancient. Balbo, P. G. Arcad. 
20 (1823) 3-. 

Electrotypy, copies of standards by. Jacobi, H. 

St. P6t. Ac. Sc. BU. 17 (1872) 309-. 
Errors due to thickness of bar. Kater, H, 

PhU. Trans. (1830) 359-. 
Farsakh, Persian. Houtum-Schindler, (Gen,) 

A, Gg. S. P. 10 (1888) 584-. 
Foot, Piedmont. Litta, A, Ranuzzi An. Gg. 

(1845) 84-. 
Form of standards. Stas, — . Par. Poids et 

Mes. PV. (•1875-76) 97-. 
Gauge dimensions, standards of length applied 

to. Bond, G. M, Franklin I. J. 117 (1884) 

368-. 
Gneco-Roman measure derived from Baby- 
lonian ell. Ddrpfeld, W. Z. Ethnl. 22 

(1890) 99-. 
Inch, British, ancient standard. Taylor, J. 

Franklin I. J. 42 (1861) 298-. 
— , — , as standard of Ohio mound builders. 

Skinner, J. R. [1885] Cincin. S. NH. J. 

9 (1887) 51 (bU)-, 142-, 231-. 
Invariable standard, 17th century attempts to 

derive. Grant, JR. As. S. M. Not. 15 (1854- 

56) 36-. 



Iron and zinc standards, changes in. Baeyer, 
J. J. Berl. Mb. (1867) 1-. 

"Li," evaluation from Chinese map of For- 
mosa. Jomard, E. F, Par. S. Gg. Bll. 18 
(1859) 5-. 

Metals suitable for standards. GtUllaume, C. E, 
Par. Poids et Mes. PY. (1892) 149- ; J. de 
Ps. 3 (1894) 218-. 

Metre, 

HaUy, R. J. Par. S. Phhn. Bll. 1 (1791) 73-. 
0., (Prof.). (VI Adds.) Bb. Brit. 19 (1802) 

294-. 
Beigel, G. W. S. Zaoh M. Cor. 8 (1803) 101-. 
Camerer, — . Zach M. Cor. 9 (1804) 220-. 
des Archives, copy. SteinheU, C A. von. 

Munch. Ab. 4 (1844-46) 245-. 
, equations of new copies. Bosscha, J, 

Arch. N^rl. 26 (1892) 165-. 
, examination. Govi, G, A. Cons. Arts 

et M^t. 10 (•1873) 122-. 
, grooves in end-bars. Kruspir, I. [1878] 

(xn) Mag. Tud. Ak. itk. (Mth.) 2 (1875) {No. 

6) 9 pp. 
and imperial yard. Rogers, W, A, Am. 

As. P. (1886) 111-. 
— international metre. Bosscha, — • 

C. R. 113 (1891) 344-. 
comparison with ancient cubit found at Mem- 
phis. Bidone, G., d' Plana, G. (vn) Tor. 

Mm. Ac. 30 (1826) (2« pt.) 169-. 
— — demitoise of Vienna* Prony, R, de» 

Con. des Temps (1837) 2S-. 
English foot. Prony, R. de. Bb. Brit. 

20 (1802) 105- ; A. C. 5 (1817) 166-. 

. Biot, J, B. A. C. 7 (1817) 13-. 

standard. Pictet, M. A. B. I. J. 1 

(1802) 122-. 
. Kater, H. Phil. Trans. (1818) 

110-. 
toise of Beccaria. Carlini, F. (vi Adds.) 

Zaoh Cor. 8 (1823) 147-. 
Vienna fathom. Stampfer, S, Wien 

Jb. Pol. I. 20 (1839) 145-. 
yard. Rogers, W, A, Am. As. P. (1884) 

117-. 
. Comstoek, C. B. Wash. Nat. Ac. 

Mm. 3 (Pt. 2) (1886) 101-. 
. Tittmann, 0. H. U. S. Coast 

Geod. Sv. Bll. No. 9 (1889) 45-. 
. Rogers, W. A, Ps. Rv. 1 (1894) 

19-. 
; old French foot, comparison with 

English foot. Hersehel, J, Nt. 30 (1884) 

312. 
definition. Lemaire-TesU, C. As. (1884) 305-. 
exact determination. Lindenau, B, von, Lin- 

denau Z. 1 (1816) 424-. 
experimental determination by light-waves. 

MicheUon, A. A. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 

11 (1895) 237 pp. 
history. Chevreul, M, E, C. R. 69 (1869) 

847-. 
International Convention (Paris, 1872). Brock, 

0. J. N. Mg. Ntvd. 20 (1874) 276-. 
(1873-74). Brock, O. J. N. Mg. Ntvd. 

24 (1879) 98-. 



90 



0806 Metre 



Standards of Measurement 



Length 0805 



International Ck>nvention. PiUaZf A, By. Sc. 

44 (1889) 648-, 748-. 
(Pans, 1889). Wild, H, I., d: Backlund, 

0. A. [1889] St. Pet. Ac. Sc. Mm. (Rs.) 

61 (1890) 99-; St. P^t. Ac. Sc. BU. 33 (1890) 

283-. 
, 25th anniversaiT. Meyer, E, Bresl, 

Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1900) {Ab. 2a) 33-. 
and Diplomatic Conference. Bossclui, J. 

Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 10 (1876) 273-. 
(1875), effect. fTiW, H. I. [1879] St. 

Fit, Ac. Sc. Bll. 26 (1880) 97-. 
international, and doable toise at Polkowa, 

comparison. Sokoloff, A. St. P^t. Ac. Sc. 

BU. 1 (1894) 87-. 

— prototype. Foerster, — . C. B. 113 (1891) 
413-. 

— standard, provisional, report and observa- 
tions. Comu, A., dt BeiuM, J, R. Par. 
Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 10 (1894) 35 + zlvi pp. 

Paris prototype. Knup^r, I, (xn) Mag. 

Tud. Ak. Etk. {Mth.) [1] {No. 7) (1871) 

18 pp. 
standard. Anon, (vi 309) Con. des Temps 

(1810) 485-. 
— , comparison with toise of Peru. Wolf, C. 

C. B. 106 (1888) 977-. 
— , copies. Bosseha, — . C. B. 114 (1892) 

950-. 
— , form and support. IbaHez, (g^n.) — . 

A. Cons. Arts et M4t. 10 (*1873) 61-. 
— , for Sweden. Jdderin, E., db Lindeberg, K, 

Stockh. Ak. Hndl. 27 (1895-96) No. 6, 84 pp. 
standards. Benoit, J. R,, <fb Guillaume, C, E. 

Par. Poids et Nfes. Tr. Mm. 11 (1895) 

16+lxzxiii pp. 
— , comparison. Tresca, H. Par. A. Cons. 

7 (1867) 21-. 
— , — . knuper, — . A. Cons. Arts et M6t. 

10 (•1878) 177-. 
— , determinations, new. BenoU, J. R,, db 

GuUlaume, C. E. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. 

Mm. 11 (1895) 81 + lvi pp. 
— , form. Tretca, H. C. B. 75 (1872) 1223- ; 

A. Cons. Arts et M^t. 10 (*1873) 191-. 

— . history. Wolf, C, J. jS. C. B. 94 (1882) 

1503-. 
— , material for construction. Sainte-Claire 

DeviUe, H, A. Cons. Arts et Mdt. 10 (*1878) 

41-. 
— , provisional, metrologio qualities. Broch, 

0. J,, Foerster, W,, db Stas, J. S. Par. 

Poids et Mes. PV. (*1880) 15-. 

— of U. S. Coast and Geod. Survey, and U. S. 
Lake Survey. Schott, C. A., db Tittmann, 
O. H, U. S. Coast Oeod. Sv. Bll. No, 17 
(1889) 165-. 

Metres, platinum, belonging to de Prony. 

TTe9ea, H, A C. B. 96 (1883) 667-. 
Metrical ^stem of length, ancient. Vamhagen, 

F,A,de, Bv. BrazU. 2 (1859) 293-. 
Biicrometry standard, ** A" centimetre of U.S. 

Bureau of Weights and Measures. Hilgard, 

J. E, (xn) Am. S. Mcr. P. (1888) 181-. 
, • Rogers, 

W. A, (xn) Am. S. Mcr. P. (1888) 184-. 



Micrometry standard centimetres, description. 

EwelL, M. D. Am. S. Mcr. P. 12 (1890) 84-. 
, glass and speculum metal. EweU, 

M. D. Am. S. Mcr. P. 13 (1891) 71-. 
, report. Rogers, W, A, Am. S. Mcr. 

P. 13 (1891) 207-. 
Mile, English, origin. Faye, H, A. JS, C. B. 

92 (1881) 975-. 
— , — , relation to size of Earth and to ancient 

metrics. Clark, J, M, Y. Nost. Eng. Mg. 

28 (1883) 388-. 
— , old English. Petrie, W. M. F, [1888] 

Edinb. B. S. P. 12 (1884) 254-. 
Mural standards. YaUs, J. B. A. Bp. 85 

(1865) (Sect,) 159-. 
National standard, new, construction. Airy, 

G, B. Phil. Trans. (1857) 621-. 
Natural standard. Hotueau, J. C, [1880] 

Ciel et Terre 1 (^1881) 49-. 
Pace as unit. Legrot, (coptt.) V, (xn) Lille 

S. Mm. 2 (1876) 129-. 
Platinum-iridium, physical properties. Morin, 

{ff4n.) A. Par. Poids et Mes. PV. (•1877) 

43-. 
, platinum and iridium standards. Broch, 

O, J,, Sainte-Claire DeviUe, H,, db SUu, J, 8. 

Par. Poids et Mes. PV. (•1878) 125-. 
for standards. Broch, 0, J., Sainte- 
Claire DeviUe, H,, db Stas, J, S. Par. Poids 

et Mes. PV. (^1877) 12-. 
standards. Broch, O, J,, Sainte-Claire 

DeviUe, H,, dt Stas, J, S, Par. Poids et Bles. 

PV. (•1879) 153-. 

. Stas, J. S, A. C. 22 (1881) 120-. 

. Bosscha, J, Delft 6c. Pol. A, 

1 (1885) 65-; 2 (1886) 1-, 116-. 
Prussian standard, and copies. Bessel, F. W, 

As. Nr. 17 (1840) 193-. 
Beconstitution of a standard from memory. 

Colardeau, E. J. de Ps. 7 (1898) 521-, 686. 
Scale, Shuckburgh, and Eater pendulum. 

Tittmann, O, H, Nt. 41 (1890) 538. 
— , standard, Aberdeen, comparison with 

standard scale of Boyal Astronomical Society. 

Baily, F. B. A. Bp. (1835) 91-. 
— , — , of Boyal Astronomical Society. Baily, 

F. As. S. Mm. 9 (1836) 35-. 
Standards constructed by the Soci^t^ Genevoise. 

Rogers, W, A, Am. Ac. P. 20 (1885) 879-. 
— and their sub-division. Bond, G, M* 

Franklin L J. 117 (1884) 281-, 357-. 
Toise, BessePs, copies. Baeyer, J, J, As. 

Nr. 38 (1864) 273-. 
— , evaluation. Lindhagen, D. G. [1862] (vm) 

Stockh. Ak. Hndl. 4 (1864) No, 4, 10 pp. 
•* — du P6rou,*' BessePs, copy in glass. Stein- 

heil, C, A. von, [1869] Wien D. 30 (1870) 

(1*« Ab.) 21-. 
Unit of length. Yates, J, Franklin I. J. 42 

(1861) 348-. 
. Edwardes, D, M. Mcr. J. 14 (1875) 

49-. 
, astronomical. Paucker, M, G, von, 

[1861] St. P6t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 10 (1852) 

209-. 
, geographical. Guggenberger, J, M, 

Wien Mt. Gg. Gs. 3 (1859) 31-. 



91 



0805 



Standards of Measnreinent : Mass 



0805 



Unit of length, method of deducing from 
earth's corvatare. Boaz, J. Tilloch Ph. 
Mg. 61 (1823) 266-. 

of standard scale by Sir George Shuck- 

bnrgh. Walker, (Gen.) J. T, R. S. P. 47 
(1890) 186-. 

Units of length and area, ancient. Ideler, C, L. 
Berl. Ab. (1825) (Ph.) 169- ; (1826) (Ph.) 1-; 
(1827) ^h.) 111-. 

, English and metric, method of express- 
ing on same scale. BalUm, G. JP., <J^ Rogers, 
W. A. [1881] Am. As. P. 80 (1882) 116-. 

Vienna and Polkowa standards, comparison. 
Struve, F. G. W. von. Wien SB. 44 (1861) 
(^6. 2) 7-. 

Yajd, imperial standard, Boyal Society copy. 
Kater, H. Phil. Trans. (1831) 345-. 

— , Neapolitan standard, compared with 
standard yard of Boyal Astronomical Society. 
Simms, W. H. As. S. Nfm. 11 (1840) 285-. 

Yards, standard, verified by English com- 
mission, list. ChUholm, H. W. A. Cons. 
Arts et M6t. 10 (^1873) 163-. 

STANDARDS OF MEASUREMENT: 

MASS. 

WaUmark, L. J. Sk. Nf. F. 6 (1861) 101-. 
Babylonian standard of weight, common, con- 
stitution and age. Lehmann, C, F. Z. Ethnl. 

25 (1893) (25)-. 
, explanation relative to question. 

Lehmann, C. F. Z. Ethnl. 24 (1892) (420)-. 
Hanover, 500 gramme standard, tests. Rilhl- 

mann, — . Hann. Z. Archt. Vr. 4 (1858) 

810-. 
Kilogramme des Archives and new standard, 

comparison. Broch, O. J, Par. Poids et 

Mes. Tr. Mm. 4 (1885) 1-. 
standards, comparison. Broch, 

0. J. Par. Poids et Mes. PV. (*1882) 24-. 

— — — — platinum copy, comparison. 
Schumacher, H. C. Schumacher Jb. (1836) 

■ 237-. 
— , comparison with Dutch and English weights. 

Moll, G. As. Nr. 9 (1831) 71-; Hall Bij. 

6 (1831) 119-. 
— , Norwegian weights. Broch, 0, J. 

N. Mg. Ntvd. 20 (1873) 125-. 
-^, Swedish and Finnish pound. Neovius, 

E. Helsingf. Ofv. 14 (1872) 83-. 

— , pound. Edlimi, E, Stockh. Ak. 

Hndl. 7 (1867-68) {No. 10) 31 pp. 

— and its aefinition. Weinstein, B, Berl. Ps. 
Gs. Vh. (1891) 107-. 

— , divisional weights, standardising. Marek, 
W. J. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 1 (♦1881) 
D. 28-; 2 (•1883) D. 16-; 3 (1884) D. 90-. 

— , national prototypes, comparison with inter- 
national prototype. Thiesen, M, Par. Poids 
et Mes. Tr. Mm. 9 (1898) 21 -;- lxvu pp. 

— , , — , and tables of observations by 

Thiesen and Ereichgauer. Thiesen, M. Par. 
Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 8 (1893) 71 + ccclxv pp. 

— , prototypes, compensation of comparisons. 
Thiesen, M. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 9 
(1898) 48 pp. 



Kilogramme, prototypes, volume. Thiesen, M. 

Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 9 (1898) 51 + 

ccxxvn pp. 
— , rock-crystal, and Bavarian pound. Stein- 

heil, C. A. von. Mflnch. Ab. 4 (1844-46) 

163-. 
— , standard, comparisons of international 

types. Marek, W. J. Par. Poids et Mes. 

Tr. Mm. 1 (^1881) D. 51-; 2 (•ISSS) D. 63-; 

3 (1884) D. 107-, D. Lxra-. 
— , — , copies. Stamkart, F. J. Amst. Ak. 

Vs. M. 16 (1881) 350-. 
— , — , determination. Oudemans, J". A, C. 

Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 3 (1887) 141- ; 4 (1888) 97-. 
— , — , — , and tests of auxiliaxy instruments. 

Marek, W, J. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 

1 (♦1881) D. 1-, D. I-; 2 (♦1883) D. 1-, D. 

I-; 3 (1884) D. 1-, D. I-. 
— , — , material and shape. Sainte-Claire 

DeviUe, H. A. Cons. Arts et M^t. 10 (*1873) 

— , — , for Sweden. Ekstrand, A. G„ db Ang- 
strom, K. Stockh. Ak. Hndl. 27 (1895-96) 
No, 5, 34 pp. 

— , standards, alloy used for. VioUe, J. 0. B. 
108 (1889) 894-. 

— , troy ounce, and avoirdupois pound, English 
standards. Broch, 0. J. Par. Poids et Mes. 
Tr. Mm. 4 (1885) 1-, I-. 

— , volume and weight. Broch, O. J. N. Bfg. 
Ntvd. 22 (1877) 399-. 

Kilogranmies, Norwegian and Swedish. Broch, 

O. J. Stockh. Ofv. 30 (1873) {No. 7) 17-. 
Mina (manah, mna), Babylonian stuidaid of 

weight; heavy, about 780, light, about 

390 grammes, history. Lekmann, C. F. 

Z. Ethnl. 24 (1892) 216-. 
Pound, ancient Roman. Gydry, S. [1863] 

(xn) Mag. Ak. l^ts. {Mth. Term.) 5 (1865) 

129-. 
— , late imperial standard (troy), comparison 

with platma copy. Schumacher, H. C. Phil. 

Trans. (1836) 457-. 
— , new imperial standard (avoirdupois), and 

Kilogramme des Archives. MUler, JF, H. 

PhU. Trans. (1856) 753-. 
— , Swedish, of water at maximum density, 

volume. Rudberg, F. L'l. 2 (1884) 89-. 
Unit of weight of metric system, Lavoisier's 

share in determining. Wolf, C. C. B. 102 

(1886) 1279-. 
Weights, ancient Roman. CommaHle, A. J. 

Phm. 45 (1864) 113-. 
— , British, French and Dutch compared. 

MoU, G. R. I. J. 2 (1831) 64-. 
— , Dutch and French compared. C, Ch. Par. 

S. Phlm. Bll. 3 (1803) 107. 
— , French, conversion into English. Farey, J. 

Nicholson J. 22 (1809) 337-. 
— , new French, ratio to those of German 

chemists. Guyton de MorveaUf L. B. A. C. 

32 (1799) 225-. 
— , prehistoric. Lindemann, F. MQnch. Ak. 

Sb. 29 (1900) 71-. 
— , Russian, value of kilogramme, etc., in. 

Kupffer, -A. T. (vm) St. P6t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 

7 (1840) 349-. 



92 



0805 Standards of Measarement: Volume. Weights aad Measures 0805 

Weights, standard, comparison. Heller, A, 
(xn) Mag. Tud. Ak. Ets. 6 {No. 9) (1872) 



14e-. 
— , — , of England and India. Arum, (yi 113) 

Beng. J. As. S. 1 (1882) 44^. 
— , — , and their verification. TennarU, J, F, 

Beng. As. S. J. 49 (1880) {Pt. 2) 41-. 

STANDABDS OF MEASUBEAIENT : 
VOLUME. 

Greek and Boman measures of capacity. 

Oauldrie-BoiUeau, ~. A. C. 25 (1872) 

172-. 
Half hectolitre volume standard. Moore, B. P. 

N. Arch. Wisk. 6 (•1880) 144-. 
Litre, definition. Broeh^ O. J, Par. Poids et 

Mes. PV. (•1880) 29-. 

— and kilogramme, definition. Gould, B. A. 
Par. Poids et Mes. PV. (^1880) 62-. 

— , standard, possible influence of material 

of measuring vessel. Dakm^ G, (zn) 

Arch. Phm. 217 (1880) 173-. 
— , value. Emmene, S. H, Science 21 (1893) 

141-, 234. 
— , — Mendenhall, T. C. Science 21 (1893) 

219-. 
Paris, measures of capacity before 1797. Coque- 

hen, C. Nicholson J. 1 (1797) 193-. 

— pint, metric value. Camue, A. G. Par. 
Mm. de PI. 5 (1804) {HuL) 29-. 

STANDABDS OF MEASUBEMENT: 
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

(Turin Academy.) Balbo, P. [1816] Tor. Mm. 

Ac. 25 (1820) 419. 
Tredgold, T. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 64 (1824) 30^. 
EVUe, B. Philad. Coll. Phm. J. 2 (1831) 111-, 

188-. 
LamorU, J. Lamont Jb. Stemw. Mtlnch. (1839) 

188— 
Levi, L. Assur. Mg. 10 (•1863) 337-. 
CuUey, J. L. Y. Nost. Eng. Mg. 33 (1885) 

496-. 
Act of Parliament (abolition of troy weight). 

C, A. K. Eduo. Times 32 (•1879) 307. 
of Anspach and Nuremberg. Eytelwein, J. A. 



Zaoh M. Cor. 9 (1804) 313-, 365-. 

" 1. W, ~ ' 

1 (1800) 610-. 



Bavarian. Beigel, G. W. S. Zach M. Cor. 



British. FranMeur, L. B, Par. S. Phlm. Bll« 

(1825) 129-. 
— . Walker, S. C. Franklin I. J. 13 (1834) 

94-. 
— . Napier, J. R. Glasg. Ph. S. P. 8 (1873) 

288-. 
Chinese. Zaeh, F. X. von, Lindenau Z. 

2 (1816) 351-. 
and coinage, report. Amer. Ass. Comm. Am. 

As. P. 24 (1875) 19-; 25 (1876) 17-. 
— coins and numbers. Attfidd, J, Phm. J. 

8 (1867) 223-. 
Commission, 3rd report. Kater, H. QJ. Sc. 

11 (1821) 378-. 
— , — — , observations on. Keith, G. S. 

Edinb. Ph. J. 6 (1822) 41-. 



comparison, methods. Lamansk^, S, I. Bs. 

Ps..C. S. J. 29 {Ps,) (1897) (App,) 118-. 
confusion in. CouHns, J, J. Science 20 (1892) 

298. 

. Mason, W, P, Science 20 (1892) 358. 

. MendenhaU, T, C. Science 21 (1893) 

79-. 
French. Prieur, C, A, A. C. 20 (1797) 191-. 
— , comparison. Vega, G, Zach M. Cor. 1 

(1800) 460-. 
— , English, Bhenish and Weimar, comparison. 

K&mer, F. Trommsdorflf N. J. Phm. 7 

(1823) {St, 1) 236-; {St. 2) 91-. 
German. SchejffUr, H. Grunert Arch. 12 

(1849) 1- (Suppl), 
— . Dtenger, J, Grunert Arch. 12 (1849) 43- 

{Suppl,), 
— . Gerling, C, L. [Ascribed to Dienger, in 

C. S. P. Vol. II,] Grunert Arch. 13 (1849) 

51- {Suppl,), 
International Bureau. Brock, 0, J, N. Mg. 

Ntvd. 31 (1890) 69-. 

— — , history. Ris, F. Bern Mt. (1890) 
27-. 

: , institution of, and International Con- 
vention of 20 May, 1875. Govt, G, Par. 
Poids et Mes. PV. (•1878) 237-. 

— — , report. Mulhacen, (marqtUs) — de, 
[1889] Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 7 (1890) 
13 pp. 

, — . Benolt, J, R, Par. Poids et Mes. 

PV.(1890)2-; (1891) 19-; (1892) 26-; (1894) 
45-, 90-; (1895) 8-, 31-; (1897) 14-; (1899) 
12-; (1900) 3-. 

— Committee, 1891. WUd, H, [1891] St. 
P^t. Ac. Sc. BU. 34 (1892) 519-. 

— system. Hanssen, C, J. 0, N. 63 (1891) 
215-. 

. Anon, Dingier 309 (1898) 135-. 

of Lucca. Cordero San Qutntino, G, [1820] 

Lucca At. Ac. 1 (1821) 1-. 
material for standard. Mohr, C, F, lieb. A. 

194(1878)40-. 
Mexican. Bustamante, B, (vn) M^. Bl. Gg« 

3 (1852) 45-. 

— . Chiem, R, E, [1886] Am. I. Mn. E. T. 

15 (1887) 122-, 588. 
of New York State. Renwick, J. QJ. Sc. 1 

(1827) 101-. 
. Sabin£, {Sir) E, QJ. Sc. 1 (1827) 

382-. 
nomenclature. LebUmd, A. S. Par. Mm. S. 

Sav. 1 (1801) 43-. 
Norway, natural system for. Hansteen, C, 

Mg. Ntvd. 2 (1823) 161-. 
octonary numeration applied to a system. 

Taylor, A. B, Am. Ph. S. P. 24 (1887) 

296-. 
Pennsylvanian. Bache, A, D. (vn) Franklin 

I. J. 14 (1834) 6-. 
of Pompeii. Luca, S, de. Nap. Bd. 5 (1866) 

67-. 

— Porto Bico. Anon, U. S. Mly. Weath. Bv. 
26 (1898) 567. 

Portuguese. Anon, (vi 933) Par. A. das Sc. 

4 {pU, 2) (1819) 25-. 

— . Mendo Trigozo, S, F, Par. A. das So. 7 
{pU. 2) (1820) 20-. 



93 



0805 Weights and Measures Measurements of Cnrvatures, Lengths 0807 



Portugaese compared with French. Anon, 
[1815] (vi 934) Par. A. das Sc. 5 (pU. 2) 
(1819) si-. 

proposed alteration. GuttendgCt W. Tilloch 
Ph. Mg. 60 (1822) 241-. 

— new regulation. fF., jR. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 
46 (1815) lis-. 

Prussian compared with English. Eytelwein, 

J. A. Berl. Ab. (1827) 1-. 
and French. Jjosch, W, Pogg. 

A. (1853) {Erg.) 821-. 
— , and comparison with French. Eytdwein, 

J. A. Berl. Ab. (1825) 1-. 
of rock crystal. Buf, H. Berl. B. 11 (1878) 

1076-. 
Bossian. Kupffer, A. T, D. Nf. Vsm. B. 

(1842) 82-. 
— . Erman, A, Erman Arch. Bs. 8 (1850) 

512-, 539-. 

— Chamber of, geographical position. Blum- 
bach, F. Bs. P8.-C. 8. J. 29 (Ps.) (1897) 
(App,) 108-. 

of St. Oall Canton. Bertteh, H. [1871] (ix) 
St. Gal. B. (1872) 452-; (1873) 228~. 

— SaToy. Raymond^ G, M. Cnamb^ry Mm. 
Ac. Sav. 9 (1839) 1-. 

Scandinavian system in the middle ages. 

Holmbae, — Christiania F. (1861) 96-. 
sent to United States by France, verincation. 

Silhermann, J. T. [1852] C. B. 36 (1853) 

29^; Par. Bll. S. Encour. 52 (1853) 461-, 

511-. 
standard. (Shuckbureh, Phil. Trans., 1798.) 

Fletcher, J, Nicholson J. 4 (1803) 35-. 
— . Beaufoy, M. Thomson A. Ph. 8 (1816) 

211-. 
— , new. Cooke, J. [1791] Am. Ph. S. T. 3 

(1793) 328-. 
-— , — , for United Kingdom. Kater, U, 

[1825] Phil. Trans. (1826) (pt. 2) 1-. 
standards, history, etc. Wolf, C, J. E, 

C. B. 92 (1881) 1202- ; 93 (1881) 297-; 

A. C. 25 (1882) 5-; Par. S. Ps. S4. (1882) 27-. 
•^ in Holland from time of Snellius to 

present. PlaaU, J, D, van der, Mbl. Nt. 

(1895-96) 15-, 40-; (1898) 134- ; Fsohr. Ps. 

(1898) (Ab. 1) 17-. 

— for Modena. Biot, J. B, C. B. 32 
(1851) 605-. 

Soabian. Bikrkhofer, A. Schwab. Gs. D. 

(1805) 316-. 
Swedish. Edlund, E., Selander, — , dt Wrede, 

— . Stockh. Ak. Hndl. 1 (1855-56) 485-; 

3 (1859-60) No. 5, 13 pp. 
a system. Carruthers, J, N. Z. 1. T. 10 

(1877) 155-. 
^stems. Barnard, F, A. P. Soh. Mines Q, 

N. y. 9 (1888) 193-, 291-. 
tables. Mitcheson, J. Educ. Times 40 (1887) 

352. 
of Tyrol. Botileuthner, W. Innsb. Ferd. Z. 44 

(1900) 1-. 
omformity. Brongniart, Al. Par. S. Phlm. 

BU. 1 (1791) 36-. 
— . Brit. An, Comm. B. A. Bp. 34 (1864) 

102- ; 35 (1865) 375-; 36 (1866) 352-; 37 

(1867) 468- ; 38 (1868) 484-; 39 (1869) 308- ; 

40 (1870) 232- ; 41 (1871) 198- ; 42 (1872) 25-. 



aniformity. Davidov, A. Y. (xn) Bee. Mth. 

(Moscou) 4 (1869-70) {Pt. 2) 97-. 
verification. Tittmann, O. H. U. S. Coast 

Geod. Sv. Bll. No. 15 (1889) 157-. 
of Wiirtemberg. Wurm, J. F. Schw&b. Gs. 

D. 1 (1805) 471-. 

0807 Measurements of Cnrvatures, 
Lengths (mechanical and opti- 
cal), Areas, Volumes, Angles. 

CUBVATUBES. 

Changes of corvatnre, recognition by means of 

flexible lath. Pickering, S. U. Ph. Mg. 33 

(1892) 486-. 
Spnerometer. Mayer , A, M, Am. J. Sc. 32 

(1886) 61-. 
— , accurate form. Weber, B. Neuoh. S. Sc. 

Bll. 24 (1896) 54-. 

— and comparator, Abbe's. Pidfrich, C, Z. 
Instk. 12 (1892] 307-. 

, magnifying apparatus for. Deprez, 

M. J. de Ps. 3 (1874) 52-. 

— for lenses. Czapski, S. Z. Instk. 7 (1887) 
297-. 

— , liquid. Guglielmo, O. Bm. B. Ac. Lino. 
Bd. 4 (1895) (Sem. 2) 336-. 

— with microscope. Breithaupt, F. W, dt 
Sohn. Carl Bpm. 15 (1879) 462-. 

~, new. NeUon, E. M. [1892] Quek. Mcr. 

CI. J. 5 (1894) 225 ; Mcr. S. J. (1892) 670-. 
— , sensitive, non-central screw. Common, A. A. 

Nt. 48 (1893) 396. 

— of simple construction. Guglielmo, O. 
Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 2 (1893) {Sem. 1) 167-. 

— , use. Martin, Ad. C. B. 91 (1880) 221-. 
Spherometric and cylindrometric apparatus. 
Laurent^ L. J. de Ps. 4 (1885) 361-. 

LENGTHS. 

Michaelii, 0. E. [1883] Am. S. C£. T. 13 

(*1884) 1-. 
Accuracy of measurements. Lorber, F. Wien 

Berg-Hm. Jb. 24 (1876) 222-; 25 (1877) 

61-; 26 (1878) 221-. 
Accurate measurement. Rogers, W. A, Am. 

S. Mcr. P. (1885) 151-. 
Angles and lengths, photographic registration of 

readings. Loh»e,0. Cztg. Opt. 11(1890) 49-. 
Apparatus. Abbe, — . D. Nf. Vh. (1890) 

{Th. 2) 88-. 
~. GuUlemot, C. As. Fr. C. B. (1890) {Pt. 2) 

273-. 
Barometer tubes, inner diameter. Jordan, — . 

Cztg. Opt. 9 (1888) 91. 
Base-Une apparatus, Bnmner's, thermal ex- 
periment on platinum-iridium and brass bars 

of. Fischer, A. As. Nr. 103 (1882) 33-. 

Defforges, {comm.) — . Par. S. Ps. S4. (1891) 
130-. 

— measurement and apparatus. Westphal, A. 
Z. Instk. 5 (1885) 257-, 333-, 373-, 420- ; 
8 (1888) 189-, 225-, 887-. 



94 



0807 



Measarement of Lengths 



0807 



Bending of measnring rods, Neumann's method 
of avoiding errors from. WUd, H. St. P6t, 
Ac. Sc. BlI. 18 (1873) 66&-. 

Cathetometer. Breithaupt^ F, W, Carl Bpm. 
11 (1876) 175-. 

— (Breithaupt's). Oerland, E. A, Ps. C. 4 
(1878) 299-. 

— . Loewenherz, £•., dt CzaptH^ S, Z. Instk. 

6 (1886) 257-. 
~. Heptte$, S. C, [Bnoarest S. Sc. Bl. 1 

(1892)] 64-, 13a-. 
— , catadioptric. PeUelt,J, FdrsterAl. Bauztg. 

9 (1844) 276-. 
— , exact, of simple construction. RotariOf F. 

N. Cim. 3 (1896) 114-. 
— , — , . Wadnoorth, F. L, 0. Am. 

J. Sc. 1 (1896) 41-. 

— or horizontal microscope of Leitz. Anon, 
Mcr. S. J. (1900) 108-. 

— , improvements. Breithaupt, F. W, dt Sohn, 

Carl Bpm. 16 (1879) 326-. 
— , longitudinal, with glass scale. Fuett, jR. 

Z. Instk. 6 (1886) 163-. 
— , microscope-. Boyt, C, V, [1889] Mcr. 

S. J. (1890) 238-. 
^, new. MtUer, F. (zn) Z. Instk. 3 (1883) 

409-. 
— , — . Tkury, — . [1892] Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 

29 (1893) 103. 
— , — , Dumoulin-Froment's. Terquem, A, 

Par. S. Ps. S^. (1883) 178- ; Lille S. Mm. 14 

(1886) 37-, 422-. 
Cathetometers and other instruments, applica- 

tion of thin gilt layers. Govt, O. Par. S. 

Ps. S6. (1876) 147-. 
Centimetre ** A.*' EweU, M. D. Am. S. Mcr. 

P. (1886) 76-. 
, correction of scale. EweUlM, D. Am. 

S. Mcr. P. 11 a889) 64-. 
, method for securing copies. Rogers, 

W. A. Am. S. Mcr. P. 11 (1889) 109-. 

— scales, comparison. Ewell, M. D. Am. S. 
Mcr. P. (1887) 299-. 

Centimetres, standard, glass and speculum 

metal. EweU, M. D. Am. S. Mcr. P. 13 

(1891) 71-. 
Chain test range at Melbourne Observatory. 

EUery, R. L. J. Vict. B. S. P. 6 (1894) 233-. 
Comparator. Braun, F, A. Ps. G. 41 (1890) 

627-. 
— , BessePs, and Steinheil's mirror apparatus. 

SteinheU, C. A. von. Miinch. Sb. (1868) (2) 

493-. 
~, Brunner's, metric rulers and scales tested 

by. Broeh, O, J, Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. 

Bim. 7 (1890) B. 1-, 16. I-, B. I-. 
^, geodesic. Hirsch, A, Par. Poids et Mes. 

PV. ClSSl) 27-. 
— , — . Hirsch, A,, db Ibanez, (gin.) — . Par. 

Poids et Mes. PV. (*1882) 2a-. 
— , Sohwerdt's, modified application. Krusp6r, 

I. [1868] (zn) Mag. Tud. Ak. Etk. (Mth.) 

[1] (No. 4) (1869) 16 pp. 
— , simple. ReUz, F. H. Z. Instk. 6 (1886) 

424-. 

— for toise and metre, and for determining 
expansion of bars. Steinheil, C. A. vofh 
Miinch. Sb. (1870) (1) 1-. 



Comparator, vertical. Hepites, S. C. Boum. 

I. M^t. A. 6 (1892) A. 66-. 
Comparators. Fizeau, H, A. Cons. Arts et 

M6t. 10 (*1873) 86-. 
— . Krusper, I. [1873] (xn) Mag. Tud. Ak. 

Etk. {Mth.) 2 (1876) (No. 2) 19 pp. 
— . Wild, —. Par. Poids et Mes. PV. (•1876- 

76) 73-. 
— . Rogers, W. A, (xn) Am. Mcr. J. 1 (1878- 

79) 208-. ^ 

— , 2, description and investigation of accuracy. 

Stampfer, S. Wien Jb. Pol. I. 18 (1834) 

149-. 
Comparison of measures and determination of 

their errors. Martins, A. Carl Bpm. 6 

(1870) 66-. 
by '* Normal- Aichungs-Kommission." 

Pensky, B. Z. Instk. 16 (1896) 313-, 363-. 
, simple method for exact. Stamkart, 

F.J. [1839] (vm) Arch. N6erl. 6 (1870) 16-. 
Curve measurer. Hammer, ' — . Z. Instk. 9 

(1889) 130-. 

. Demmel, K. Z. Instk. 10 (1890) 360-. 

. (Curvimeter.) Hammer, E. Z. Instk, 

16 (1896) 278-. 

Curves, seu-registering instrument for. (Peri- 
meter.) Blix, M. O. [1881] (xn) Ups. Lak. 
F. 17 (1882) 107-; Z. Instk. 2 (1882) 140-. 

Dilatometer, Abbe's. Fuehs, — . Humb. 9 

(1890) 96. 

Distance measurer for carriages. Edgeworth, W. 
Edinb. J. Sc. 3 (1826) 93-. 

— at sea, estimation from objects of known 
height. C. Madras J. 2 (1836) 338-; 3 (1836) 
67-, 141-. 

Distances, evaluation, law. Lehot, C. J, Fdrus- 

sac BU. Sc. Mth. 6 (1826) 17-. 
Dividing engine, Sommer & Bunge's. Scheel, 

K. Z. Instk. 16 (1896) 321-. 
End-measures (mesures h bouts), automatic 

registering apparatus for comparison. Hart- 

mann, L. C. B. 120 (1896) 1024-. 
( ), (Hartmann). 

Camu, — . C. B. 120 (1896) 1027-. 

— — , best form for ends. Miller, W, H. 
[1870] (vra) Camb. Ph. S. P. 2 (1876) 182. 

— — , compiEkrison with mesures h traits. 
Miller, W. H. [1872] (vm) Camb. Ph. S. P. 
2 (1876) 261-. 

— — and a new principle of comparison. 
SteinheU, C. A. von. Miinch. Sb. 1 (1863) 
329-. 

Expansion and length determinations, appa- 
ratus for. Pemet, J. Arch. N^rl. 6 (1900) 
396-. 

Expansions and comparison of metre rulers and 
scales. BenoU, J. R. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. 
Mm. 2 (•1883) C. 1-, C. I-; 3 (1884) C. 1-, 
C. I-; J. de Ps. 8 (1889) 263-, 461-. 

— , Fizeau's apparatus for measuring. BemAt, 
J. R. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 1 (•1881) 
C. 1-. 

— , — method of measuring. BenoU, J. R. 
Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 6 (1888) 193 pp. 

Extensometer, new form. Garratt, II. A, I. 
CE. P. 128 (1897) 321-. 

Gauge, cover-glass, Beck's. Anon. Mcr. S. J. 
(1900) 616. 



95i 



0807 



Measurement of Lengths 



0807 



Qaage, new (calibre k beo logarithmiqae). 
Eijkt J, A, van. Utr. Aant. Prv. On. 
(1853-54) 53-. 

Gauges, metal, with micrometer-screw, ap- 
plication to measurement of thicknesses of 
paper. Karmar$eh, K, Dingier 135 (1855) 
178-. 

— for thickness of sheet metals, and new 
system founded on decimal subdivision of 
standard inch. Holtzapffel, C, Franklin I. 
J. 14 (1847) lift-, 204-/ 

Geodetic Association, measurements made by. 
Baeyer, {pSn.) — . A. Cons. Arts et M^t. 10 
(•1878) 159-. 

Gn^luations, new method of tracing and ob- 
serving. MicheUofit A. A, Par. Poids et 
Mes. PV. (1899) 181-. 

Hodometer, ancient. Bahhini, G. Firenze A. 
Ms. Imp. 2 (1810) (pte. 2) 13-. 

— for carriages. Edgeworth, R. L, Nichol- 
son J. 15 (1806) 81-; GUbert A. 33 (1809) 483-. 

**Ilahy Guz*' of Emperor Akbar, measure- 
ment. Cracroft, W. Beng. J. As. S. 3 
. (1834) 360-. 
Influence of length of measuring rod. Lorher, 

F, Wien Berg-Hm. Jb. 34 (1886) 365-. 
Instruments for fine measurements. Kar- 

marsch, K, Wien Jb. Pol. 1. 18 (1834) 28-. 
Interference fringes, measurement of small 
thicknesses by. Fabry ^ C, ^ Perots A, 

G. B. 123 (1896) 802-, 990- ; A. 0. 12 (1897) 
459-. 

— phenomena, application in metrology. 
BencM, R, Par. S. Ps. S6. (1897) 95-. 

Leptometer, instrument for small measure- 
ments. Sandherger, G, Nass. Jb. 10 (1855) 

83-. 
Mechanical testing, measurement in. Unwin, 

W. C, L. Ps. S. P. 8 (1887) 179- ; Ph. Mg. 

23 (188*0 282-. 
Merometer for reading small fractions on 

divided scale. Porro, I. 0. B. 39 (1854) 

244-. 
Metre, auxiliary, determination. Benolt, J. R,, 

d OuiUaume^ C E, Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. 

Mm. 11 (1895) 87-. 
— , standard, effect of friction in hindering 

expansion. 3faiM, H, A. Cons. Arts et 

M^t. 10 (•1873) 181-. 
— , — , prototypes, instruments and measure- 
ments, description. BenoU, J. R., dt Ouil- 

lauTMf C. E. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 

10 (1894) 44-hccclxvi pp. 
— , standards, comparison in air at different 

temperatures. Pemet, J. Par. Poids et 

Mes. Tr. Mm. 4 (1885) 170-i-xxxn-Kciv pp» 
Micrometer, Airy's double image, conditions of 

use. Oudemantf J. A. C. Amst* Ak. Vs. 

M. 5 (1889) 149- ; Fsohr. Ps. (1889) {Ab. 1) 

29. 
— , dioptric. Werner, W. (xn) Z. Instk. 1 

(1881) 137-. 
— , electric. Shaw, P. E. [1900] L. Ps. S. 

P. 17 (1901) 431- ; Ph. Mg. 50 (1900) 537-. 
— I eye-piece-, Bogers*s. Ward, R, H, Mcr. 

S. J. (1889) 443-. 
— , filar, improved. BuUoeh, — . Mcr. S. J. 

(1891) 106-. 



Micrometer, form. Oovi, O. G. B. 87 (1878) 
557-. 

— for measuring slender strings. LUdicke, 
M. A. F. GUbert A. 1 (1799) 137-. 

— ruling machine. Smith, D. W, Mcr. S. J. 
(1897) 43a-. 

, Nobert*s. Mayall, J. {jun.) Mcr. 

S. J. 5 (1885) 377-, 580. 

— rulings and test plates, Grayson's. Nelson, 
E. M. Mcr. S. J. (1898) 690-. 

— , screw-. Darling, S. Mcr. S. J. (1887) 652-. 
— , — . Knarre, V, As. Nr. 125 (1890) 321-. 

— screws. Reichel, C, (xn) Z. Instk. 1 
(1881) 14-, 51-, 73-. 

, construction of accurate. Schroeder, H. 

Z. Instk. 13 (1893) 217-. 
, — , apparatus. Bamberg, C. (xn) Z. 

Instk. 3 (1883) 238-. 
, — , — . Wanschaff, J. (xn) Z. Instk. 3 

(1883) 350-. 

, — , — (Bamberg and Wanschaff). Le- 

man, A. (xn) Z. Instk. 3 (1883) 427-. 

— ^, — , — . Werther, J. Z. Instk. 14 (1894) 
381-, 426-. 

, — of long. Wanschaff, J. Z. Instk. 4 

(1884) 166-. 

, progressive errors. Broch, 0, J. Par. 

Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 5 (1886) 82 pp. 
, testing. Koch, K, R. [1882] A. Ps. C. 

18 (1883) 511- ; Freiburg B. 8 (•1885) 123-. 
— , single-lens, description. WolUuUm, W, H. 

Phil. Trans. (1813) 119-. 
— , stage-, new. Nelson, E, M» Mcr. S. J. 

(1890) 508-. 

— wire gauge. Smith, J, C, [1895] Sc. S. 
Arts T. 14 (1898) 2&-. 

Micrometer-microscopes, Nobert's. Anon, Mcr. 

S. J. (1890) 86-. 
Micrometer -point. Finger's reduction - tables. 

Hagen, H, A. Stett. £. Ztg. 20 (1859) 284-. 
Micrometers, filar. Rogers, W. A, Am. Mcr. 

S. P. 14 (1892) 132. 
— , glass versus metal. Ewell, M. D. Mcr. 

S. J. (1889) 445-. 
— , machines for making. Peuvion, — . Lille 

Mm. S. (1847) 5-. 
— , registering arrangement for. Vogel, H. C. 

(xn) Z. Instk. 1 (1881) 391-. 
Miorometric measurements. Ewell, M, D. 

Mcr. S. J. (1889) 447. 
. Rogers, W. A. Am. Mcr. S. P. 15 

(1893) 31-. 
*- — , comparative. Hamilton, J, A. [1805] 

Ir. Ac. T. 10 (1806) 109-. 

— — , errors due to imperfect focussing. 
Bosscha, J. Delft £c. Pol. A. 2 (1886) 89-. 

, graphical representation. Knorre, V, 

(xn) Z. Instk. 1 (1881) 213-. 

— — , probable error. Morley, E, W, (xn) 
Am. Mcr. J. 1 (1878-79) 93-. 

Micrometry, amplification in. Ewell, M, D, 
Mcr. S. J. (1890) 521. 

— with the microscope. Love, E. G, [1895] 
Mcr. S. J. (1896) 245-. 

Microscope, reading (Geneva Co.'s). Anon, 

Mcr. S. J. (1887) 643. 
•^, — (Cambridge Scientific Instrument Co. 's). 

Anon. Mcr. S. J. (1887) 648. 



96 



0807 



MeasQTement of Lengths 



0807 



MioroBoopio objects, method of meaBoring. 

Castracane degli AnUlmineUit F. Bm. At. 

N. Lino. 22 (1869) 73-. 
MicroBoopical purposes, new measuring appa- 
ratus for. Lindau, O. [1889] Mcr. S. J. 

(1891) 252-. 
Moisture, influence on length of wood. Hilde- 

brand, R, A. Ps. G. 34 (1888) 361-. 
Optical lever. Cornu, A, As. Fr. G. B. 3 

(1874) 262-. 
Planimeter, measurement of lengths by. Hen- 

sen, V. [1893] Schl.-Holst. Nt. Vr. Schr. 10 

(1895) 10&-. 
Radiation of heat between metals, effect. 

Bogeri, W. A. Am. S. Mcr. P. 10 (1888) 
33-. 

Scale, determination of division errors. Han- 
sen, P. A. Leip. Mth. Ps. Ab. 10 (1874) 
525-. 

— , . Jacoby, H. Am, J. Sc. 1 

(1896) 333-. 

— divider. (Lengths and angles.) Cole, A, 
D. Denison Un. Sc. Lb. BlI. 5 (1890) 20. 

— in 1000 divisions. Knar, J, Baumgartner 
Z. 7 (1830) 58-. 

Scales, inch- and metre-, arrangement for 

dividing. Bosanquet, JR. H, M. Ph. Mg. 15 

(1883) 217-. 
— , metallic, comparison when their tempera- 
ture varies. Prony, R. de, Bb. Brit. 19 

(1802) 316-. 
— , paper, variability. Wiebe, H. F, Z. Instk. 

5 (1885) 304-. 
• — and rules, subdivisions, standardising. 

Brock, O. J. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 5 

(1886) 82 pp. 
Screw gauge. Homblower, J. C, Nicholson 

J. 6 (1803) 247-. 
. Brit. Ass. Comm. B. A. Rp. (1882) 

311-; (1884) 287-; (1896)527-; (1899)464-; 

(1900) 436-. 

— — . (Enlarged shadow photographs of 
screws.) Watkin, {Col.) W. B. A. Bp. 
(1896) 532-. 

. (Gauges for workshop use.) Stroh, A. 

B. A. Bp. (1896) 534-. 

— — . (Working dimensions in millimetres 
and thousandths of an inch.) Foster, A. Le 
Neve. B. A. Bp. (1896) 536-. 

— — . (Tests of B. A. screws by Herv6 
diameters.) Price, W. A. B. A. Bp. (1896) 
537. 

. (Screws by Pratt and Whitney Gom- 

pany.) Watkin, (Col.) W. B. A.Bp. (1899) 

466. 
. ( .) Chaney, H. J, 

B. A. Bp. (1899) 468-. 
. (Screw threads.) Gorham, J. M., db 

Price, W.A. B. A. Bp. (1900) 444-. 

— gauges, uniform. Richard, G. A. T^l. 20 
(1893) 473-. 

— , incn leading, cutting millimetre thread 
with. Boys, C. V. Nt. 43 (1891) 439-. 

— pitches, measurement. Pregil, — . Dingier 
272 (1889) 171-. 

, practical solution of problem. Rogers, 

W. A. V. Nost. Eng. Mg. 31 (1884) 
343-. 

VOL. III. 97 



Screw pitches,* standard, in fine mechanics. 

Loewenherz, —. Z. Instk. 10 (1890) 301-. 
, universal system. Iterson, J,A.R, van. 

's Gravenh. I. Ing. Ts. (1896-97) (Vh.) 2. 
, . Franco, I. *s Gravexm. I. Ing. 

Ts. (1896-97) (K/i.) 3-. 
, . Stork, C. F, *s Gravenh. I. Ing. 

Ts. (1896-97) (Vh.) 9. 
Small differences in length, etc. , determination. 

Stamkart, F. J. Amst. Ts. Ws. Nt. Wet. 4 

(1851) 21-. 

— elongations, acoustic method. Cardani, P. 
Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 5 (1889) (Sem. 1) 
892-. 

, electrical methods. Ercolini, G. N. 

Gim. 10 (1899) 241-. 

— lengths. Waldo, L. Am. Ac. P. 13 (1878) 
352-. 

, optical method. Govi,G. [1872] Tor. 

At. Ac. Sc. 8 (1872-73) 83-. 

— thicknesses. Meslin, G. Mntp. Ac. Mm. 2 
(1900) 429-. 

, by electric current. Giordano, G. [1868] 

(vn) Nap. At. I. Inc. 12 (1864) 15-. 
Spherometer, absolute measurements of length 

by. Macs de Lipinay, J. J. de Ps. 7 (1888) 

53-. 
— , accurate measurement of thickness hj. 

Koch, K. R. A. Ps. G. 3 (1878) 611-. 
— , electric, for thickness. Giordano, G. G. B. 

57 (1863) 609- ; (YiAdds.) N. Gim. 18(1863) 

128-. 
Standard bar of Federal Bureau, expansion. 

Wild, H. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 41 (1871) 373-. 

— — , 10-feet iron, of Indian survey, co- 
efficient of expansion. Prinsep, J. Beng. J. 
As. S. 2 (183^ 130-. 

— — , invariability in transit. Ricci, {le 
gin.) — . A. Gons. Arts et M6t. 10 (*1873) 92-. 

, 6-metre, and rate of expansion by heat. 

Hilgard, J. E. (vi Adds.) U.S. Goast Bv. 
Bp. (1862) 24&-. 

, platinum-iridium, of International Geo- 
desic Association. Matthey, G. G. B. 88 
(1876) 1090-. 

, , (Matthey). Satnte- 

Claire Deville, H. G. B. 83 (1876) 1091-. 

, , (— ). Tresca, H. E. 

G. B. 83 (1876) 1093-. 

, , . Mcueart, JS. i. N., 

dt SainU-Claire DeviUe, H. Par. iUs. Norm. 
A. 8 (1879) 9-; 9 (1880) 9-; G. B. 88 (1879) 
210- ; 89 (1879) 558-. 

— bars, comparison in liquids. Krutpir, I. 
[1873] (xn) Mag. Tud. Ak. ±i\. {Mth.) 2 
(1875) (No. 3) 9 pp. 

, diffusion of heat in. Woodward, R, S. 

A. Mth. 4 (1888) 101-. 
, metals suitable for. GuiUaume, C. A. 

Par. S. Ps. S^. (1893) 253-. 
, metre, comparison. Pemet, J. Berl. 

Ps. Gs. Vh. (1886) 3^. 
Standards, precautions in comparing. Rogers, 

W. A. Am. S. Mcr. P. (1886) 67-. 
Steel ribands, accurate measurement by. 

Knibbs, G. H. N. S. W. B. S. J. 19 (1886) 

29-. 



0807 



Heasoremeiit of Lengths, Areas 



0807 



Steel tapes, long, use in U.S. Coast and Geodetic 

Survey. Woodward, R. S. Am. S. GE. T. 

80 (1898) 81-, 688-. 
Temperature correotion of measurements. 

Stadthagen, H. Z. Instk. 15 (1895) 280-. 
— , measuring instrument inaependent of. 

QuiUemot, — . As. Fr. C. B. (1891) (Pt. 2) 

192-. 

— variations, measure of length unaltered by. 
SolHhH. G. B. 69 (1869) 954. 

under presumably the same condition, 

importance in length standardisation. Blair, 
H. W. Science 1 (♦1883) 289-. 

Thermometers, comparison, in length standard- 
isation. (Presidential address, Aug. 1887.) 
Eogers, W, A. Am. 8. Mcr. P. (1887) 5-. 

Thickness, etc., application of rotating disk or 
wheel to measurement. Avwler-Laffon, J. 
Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 28 (1892) 862-. 

— of cotton yams, by microscope. Turner, E. 
H. Manch. Mcr. S. T. (1889) 40-. 

— measuring instrument, precise. HaZle, O. 
Z. Instk. 16 (1896) 296-. 

wedge. Schdnemarm, P, A. Ps. C. 146 

(1872) 612-. 

— of quarts plate, optical constants for green 
mercury light. Mac^ de LSpinay, J, J. de 
Ps. 9 (1900) 644-. 

silvered glass, apparatus for measuring. 

Orsted, H, C, Kidb. Ov. (1844) 142-. 
, pachymeter for measuring. Ben&it, 

P. M, N. Pogg. A. 2 (1824) 90-. 
Thin plates, measurement. Sharp, C, H. A. 

Ps. 8 (1900) 210-. 
Variation of length of bars under action of their 

own weight. SUhermann, J. T, G. B. 88 

(1854) 825-. 
Vernier, application. Oliveira,C,B.de. [1854] 

Bv. Brazil. 1 (1857-58) 29-. 

— for line or curve with unequal divisions. 
Artwr, J, F. Par. BU. S. Encour. 50 (1851) 
676-. 

— microscope. Anon. Mcr. S. J. (1900) 
509-. 

Wave-length of light as standard. Govi, O, 

[1871] Tor. At. Ac. Sc. 7 (1871-72] 115-. 
. MicheUon,A, A,,dMorley, 

E. W. Am. J. Sc. 88 (1889) 181-. 
sodium light as standard. Michelson, 

A. A,, dt MorUy, E, W, Am. J. Sc. 84 

(1887) 427-. 

— lengths, angular, length and spectrometric 
measurements. Michelion, A, A, Am. J. 
So. 89 (1890) 115- ; Nt. 49 (1898-94) 56-. 

and interferential methods in metrology. 

MieheUan, A. A. Par. S. Ps. S6. (1898) 155-. 
, measurement by. Mac6 de Lipinay, J, 

G. B. 100 (1885) 1877- ; J. de Ps. 5 (1886) 

405- ; A. G. 10 (1887) 68-. 
, . Shaw, Jr. N. Gamb. Ph. S. P. 

6 (1889) 100. 
, . Mad de L4pinay, J. Par. S. 

Ps. S6. (1898) 114- ; A. G. 5 (1895) 210-. 
, . Perot, A,,d; Fabry, C. G. B. 

126 (1898) 1779- ; A. G. 16 (1899) 289-. 
, — of cube in terms of. Fabry, C, MacS 

de Lipinay, J,, db Perot, A, CI. B. 128 

(1899) 1817-. 



Wave lengths, value of standard metre in 

terms of. MieheUon, A, A, G. B. 116 

(1898) 790-. 
Wire gauge, standard. EgleBton, T., Metealf, 

W., db Weeks, Job, D. [1877] Am. I. Mn. E. 

T. 6 (*1879) 500-. 
, — , new British. Anon. Franklin I. J. 

118 (1884) 95-. 

— gauges. Trotter, A, P. Elect. 24 (1890) 
8-. 

ABE AS [and cross sectums]. 

(See also Mathematics 0080, 
Instrnments.) 

Areas, instrument for. (Tachymeter.) Cairo, 
O, G. B. 8 (1886) 140, 200. 245-, 884. 

— , . (— .) Bertini, M. [1840] Lucca 

At. Ac. 11 (1842) 197-. 

— , method of finding. Wiener, A.E, Dingier 
811 (1899) 181-. 

— , sources of error in measurement. Louis, 

0. T. Franklin I. J. 135 (1898) 88-. 
Gross section of solid body, determination. Zetz- 

sche, E, Schldmilch Z. 4 (1859) 841-. 

wire, calculation in determination of 

electric resistances. Isaachsen, D. Arch. 
Mth. Ntvd. 12 (1888) 118-. 

— sections and closed plane polygons. Piton- 
Bressant, L. A. Pon. Ghauss. 4 (1892) 
498-. 

, determination of surfaces. Siegler, — . 

A. Pon. Ghauss. 1 (1881) 98-. 

, railway, graphic determination of areas. 

Dubret, —. V. Nost. Eng. Mg. 28 (1888) 
1-. 

Gurve and area integrating machine. (Paninte- 
grimeter.) Kohlmorgen, O. Z. Instk. 16 
(1896) 888-. 

Integrator, J. Amsler's, uses in naval archi- 
tecture. AmsUr, A. Nv. Aroht. T. 25 

(1884) 189-. 

Integrators, mechanical. Hele Shaw, H, S. 

1. GE. P. 82 (1886) 75-. 

Planimeter (pediometer). Schiereck, P. F. 

Dingier 82 (1841) 251-. 
— . Ingram, E, L. Sch. Mines Q. N. Y. 6 

(1885) 847-. 

— , Amsler's. Schmidt, G. Dingier 221 (1876) 

87-; 222(1876)584-. 
', combined. Kloht, F. Z. Instk. 5 (1885) 

— , history. Wolf, JR. Ziir. Vjschr. 87 (1892) 

111-; 38(1893)8-. 
— , Petersen's. Lamotte, — . Par. S. Ps. S^. 

(1896) 82-. 
^, polar. Lieblein, J. Orunert Arch. 88 

(1862) 146-. 
— , — . Kajaba, J, [1882] Wien Ak. Sb. 86 

(1883) {Ab. 2) 635-. 
— , — . Hammer, E. Z. Instk. 15 (1895) 

90-. 
— , — . Bohn, C. Z. Instk. 17 (1897) 64. 
— , — , Hamann's. Hammer, E. Z. Instk. 16 

(1896) 361- ; 17 (1897) 96. 
— , — , new control arm for. Hammer, E, Z. 

Instk. 17 (1897) 115-. 



98 



0807 



Heasnrement of Volumes, Angles 



0807 



Planimeter, polar, precision. LoTber,F, (zn) 

Z. Instk. 2 (1882) 327-, 845-, 425-. 
-^, sphere, new. HeU Shaw, H, S, B. A. 

Bp. (1888) 584-. 
Planimeters, constraotion. Amtler-LcLffon^ J, 

Z. Instk. 4 (1884) 11-. 
Quadrature, graphic method. CoUignont E, 

A. Pon. Chanss. 18 (1887) 9-. 

VOLUMES. 

Air and other substances, new instrument 

(phyBometer)f or determining variable volume. 

Harting, P. Amst. Vs. Ak. 6 (1872) 288-; 

Arch. N^erl. 7 (1872) 289-. 
Balloon, symmetrically elongated, surface and 

volume. Aim4, E. A6r. (1889) 54-. 
Barrels, gauging. Rocay E, [1893] O^n. Civ. 

24 (1893-94) 23-. 
— , — . Maitre, J. G6n. Civ. 28 (1895-96) 

380-. 
— , — , nomographic method. Pesci, O. G^n. 

Civ. 36 (1899) 41-. 
Calibrating instrument, description. Parrot^ 

G. F. OUbert A. 41 (1812) 62-. 
Calibration, errors. Handle A, Carl Bpm. 17 

(1881) 295-. 
Cask, gauging. Winter, F. de, Bruz. A. Tr. 

Pbl. 5 (1900) 988-. 
Cylinder. Roich, J, W, N. Arch. Wisk. 7 

(•1881) 117-. 
Cylinders, approximate, instrument for 

volumes. Neuhdfer, C. Cstg. Opt. 21 

(1900) 1. 
— , scale for gauging capacity. Airy^ O. B, 

Ph. Mg. 8 (1879) 246-. 
Cylindrical vessel, calibration. Kurz, A. 

Ezner Bpm. 20 (1884) 529-. 
Oas volumes, formuls for correction. Zenneek, 

L. H. Wiirzb. Jb. Ph. Md. Gs. 1 (1828) 

159-. 
Graduated glass vessels, verification. Cata- 

major, P. C. N. 88 (1878) 157-, 171-. 
Interstitial space in mass of particles, crushed 

stone, etc. Paret, T, D. Franklin I. J. 140 

(1895) 117-. 
Metallic spheres, volume and density. Ooyder, 

G. Ijun.) [1886] S. Aust. B. S. T. 9 (1887) 

15-. 
Metric system^ application to cooperage. 

(Beport by £. Mathieu.) Foumerie, — . 

C. B. 35 (1852) 201-. 
Pipes, formula for volume. Uhr, O, of. Jem- 

Kont. A. 10 (1826) 14-. 
Ponds, cubic content. Lempe, — . N. Bergm. 

J. 2 (1799) 382-. 

— , . Rdting, G. E. Ing. 1 (1848) 74-. 

Beliability of measuring vessels. Weinstein, — . 

D. Nf. Vh. (1893) (Th. 2, HiUfU 1) 26-. 
Sections of tubes of small bore, calibration. 

Pensky, B, D. Nf. Vh. (1891) {Th. 2) 

563-. 
Ships, tonnage. Kramp, C, Strasb. S. Sc. 

Nfan. 1 (1811) 301-. 
— , — . Henderson, A, (vi Adds.) CE. I. P. 

13 (1863-54) 1-; (ra) B. A. Bp. (1857) 

62-. 
— , — . Avout, — d\ C. B. 77 (1878) 872-. 



Ships, tonnage, English roles. Dekke, A. 

Nv. Archt. T. 9 (1868) 84-. 
— , — , investigations with reference to laws 

for measurement. Read, 8, Nv. Archt. T. 1 

(1860) 121-. 
— , — law as established in Merchant Shipping 

Act of 1854. Mooreom, G. Nv. Archt. T. 1 

(1860) 128-. 
Solids, apparatus for. Ouglidmo, O. Bm. B. 

Ac. Line. Bd. 8 (1894) {Sem. 2) 299- ; Bv. 

Sc^Ind. 27 (1895) 7-. 
— , instrument for. Smith, P. Birm. Ph. S. 

P. 2 (1881) 850-. 
Stereometer, description. Ventrees, J. A. 

Edinb. J. Sc. 7 (1827) 148-. 

— , — . Jelinek, V. Casopis 15 (1886) 119- ; 

Fschr. Ps. (1885) (Ah. 1) 52. 
Stereometers, new forms. Gu, W. W. H„ db 

Harden, A. Manch. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. <t P. 4 

(1891) 801-. 
Stones, heap, ratio of empty space to apparent 

volume, calculation. Vinot, G. G^n. Civ. 

9 (1886) 183-. 

— (road metal), measurement of heaps. 
DeUa'ox, C. A. Cond. Pon. Chauss. 28 
(1884) {Pt. 1) 184-. 

Thermometer and other tubes, calibration. 

Broch, 0. J. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 5 

(1886) 82 pp. 
Timber, measurement. Farey, J, Tilloch 

Ph. Mg. 19 (1804) 218-. 
— , — . Gutteridge, W. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 60 

(1822) 418-. 
— , — . Wieeman, W. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 61 

(1823) 204-. 

ANGLES. 

Rochm, A. J. de Ps. 74 (1812) 821-. 
Angular deviations, geneialisation of Poggen- 

dorfF's method for. PiUaehikof, N, J. de 

Ps. 8 (1889) 880-. 
Circle division, history. Gelcich, E. Z. Instk. 

6 (1886) 158-. 
with 2 and 4 microscopes. Sckreiher, 0. 

Z. Instk. 6 (1896) 1-, 47-, 98-. 
Decimal division of quadrant. Abbadie, A*d\ 
C. B. 71 (1870) 885-; Nt. 29 (1884) 28-. 

— system for angles. Mialovich, K. Wien 
Berg-Hm. Jb. 89 (1891) 828-. 

. Ducrue, — . D. Nf. Vh. (1899) 

(Th. 2, HdlfU 1) 288-. 

and time. Rey-Pailhade, J, de, 

Bv. Sc. 4 (1895) 88-, 815- ; 6 (1896) 559-; 

7 (1897) 15-; 12 (1899) 691-. 
. SarrauUm, H. de, Bv. So. 

4 (1895) 205- ; 6 (1896) 170-. 
. Moeh, G. Bv. Sc. 5 (1896) 

521-. 
. E.,A. Bv. Sc. 6 (1896) 

380. 
. CoriMi, A. Eclair. Elect. 

11 (1897) 385-. 
. Poincari, H. Eclair. Elect. 

11 (1897) 529-. 
. Rocea, J. Bv. Sc. 7 (1897) 

602-. 

99 g2 



0807 Measurement of Angles 

Decimal system for angles and time. Dufour, C. 

Laos. S. Yd. Bll. 84 (1898) 367>. 
. Mehmke, R. [1899] D. Mth. 

Vr. Jbr. 8 (1900) (Heft 1) 189-. 
. Bauschinger, J, [1899] 

D. Mth. Vr. Jbr. 8 (1900) (Heft 1) 159-. 
. SchiUke, A, [1899] D. 

Mth. Vr. Jbr. 8 (1900) (Heft 1) 164- ; D. Nf. 

Vh. (1899) (r*. 2, HiilfU 1) 282-. 
. Mendizdhal Tamborrel, J, 

de. M^z. S. **Alzate" Bim. 18 (1900) {Mth. 

SuppL) 12 pp. 
, with tables for reduction. 

QoedseeU, — . Bnix. S. Sc. A. 23 (1899) 

IPt. 2) 268-. 
Differences, small angular, measurement. 

Langner, H. Z. Instk. 6 (1886) 299-. 
DiYidingengine(vonBeichenbach'8). Liebherrj 

J. Gilbert A. 67 (1821) 109- ; 69 (1821) 320-. 

— — . BMcha^bach, G. R, von, Gilbert A. 68 
(1821) 88-. 

. Wegener^ T, (xn) Z. Instk. 3 (1883) 

117-. 

— — , automatic. SaegmliUer, G. N. Z. 
Instk. 14 (1894) 84-. 

, Girgensohn's. Leiu, E. [1844] St. 

P^t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 8 (1845) 52-. 
, Bamsden's. WoUcmUm, W, H, QJ. Sc. 

12 (1822) 381-. 

— engines. Kuntz^ — . A. G^n. Civ. 7 (1868) 
816-. 

, Bamsden and early. Watkitu, J, E. 

Smiths. Bp. (1890) 721-. 
Division of angles, apparatus for. Rozi, — . 

Gg. Int. Chron. (1900) 212-. 
Glass circle for angles. Rutherfurd, L. M, 

Am. J. Sc. 12 (1876) 112-. 
Goniograph, double reflecting. GeUickt E. 

Z. Instk. 7 (1887) 98-. 
Goniometer, ciystal, new. Czapski^ S, Z. 

Instk. 18 (1898) 1-, 242-. 
— , — , — adjustment for. Schneider ^ E, Z. 

Instk. 4 (1884) 242-. 
— , new form. O^Reilly, J. P. [1872] Ir. Ac. 

P. 1 (1873-74) 294^. 
— , renection-. Rudherg, F, Stockh. Ak. 

Hndl. (1826) 218- ; Eastner Arch. Ntl. 10 

(182*^ 461-. 
— , — . B&rseh, (Dr.) [A.'i A. Ps. C. 129 

(1866) 884-. 
— , — . Lang, V. von. [1875] Wien Ak. D. 

86 (1876) (Ab. 1) 41-. 
Instrument, new. (Pantogon.) Domke,J. Z. 

Instk. 20 (1900) 860-. 
Instruments for graduation. Troughton, E, 

Phil. Trans. (1809) 105-. 
(Troughton). Cavendish, H. Phil. 

Trans. (1809) 221-. 
Interferometer applied to small angles. Wads- 
worth, F, L. 0, Ps. Bv. 4 (1897) 480-. 
Lorgnette goniomitrique. Soret, J. L. [1888] 

Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 21 (1889) 21-. 
Mirror method, magnification of measurement 

by. Lermantoff, W. J. de Ps. 10 (1891) 84-. 
— reading, correction. Schuster, A, Ps. Z. 

1 (1900) 225-. 
, polyoptric. Julius, W. H. Amst. Ak. 

Vs. 6 (1898) 481- ; Z. Instk. 18 (1898) 205-. 



Measurement of Time 0809 

Mirror and scale, measurement by. Kohlrauseh, 

F. A. Ps. C. 81 (1887) 95-. 
Prisms, achromatic, doubly refracting, adapted 

for measurement of uigles. Rochon, A, 

J. de Ps. 58 (1801) 169-. 
Beflecting measuring instruments. Amici, 

O, B. [1886] Mod. Mm. S. It. 21 (1887) 

142-. 
. Cubr, E. 6asopU 2 (•1878) 288- ; 

Fschr. Mth. (•1878) 658. 
Beflection methods for angles of altitude. 

Koristka, K, Grunert Arch. 27 (1856) 

275-. 
Bepetition, measurement of angles by. Four- 

cade, H, O. S. Afr. Ph. S. T. 8 (1896) 

63-. 
Bight angles, accuracy of instruments for 

production. Lorber, F, Z. Instk. 8 (1888) 

381-, 412-. 
Botating divisions, method of reading. Brod- 

hun, E, Z. Instk. 17 (1897) 10-. 
notations, small, optical measurement. Ray- 

leigh, (Lord). Ph. Mg. 20 (1885) 360-. 
— , — , . Wadsworth, F. L, O. Ph. Mg. 

44 (1897) 83-. 
Solid angles, instrument for. Weber, L. Z. 

Instk. 4 (1884) 343-, 417-. 
Tachymeter, Ghamot*s. Anon, A. Cond. 

Pon. Chauss. 33 (1889) 521-. 
— , Maury's. Anon, A. Cond. Pon. Chauss. 

42 (1898) 854-. 
— , Sanguet's. Anon, A. Cond. Pon. Chauss. 

42 (1898) 769-. 
Telescope for horizontal and vertical angles. 

San-Roberto, P, di. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Mm. 

2 (1878) 502-. 
— , measurements by, influence of want of 

sphericity of obj ective. Kriiss ,H, Z . Instk. 

12 (1892) 199-. 
Theodolite, eccentric. VinUm, F, L. [1871] 

Am. I. Mn. E. T. 1 (^1871-73) 68-. 
— , mining, new. Fri6, Jos., db Fri6, Jan, 

Z. Instk. 6 (1886) 221-, 805-. 
— with new micrometer. Heyde, G, Z. 

Instk. 8 (1888) 171-. 
Theodolites, illumination. Fennel, A, Z. 

Instk. 8 (1888) 286-. 
— , influence of eye-piece on errors. Tinter, 
W. Z. Instk. 8 (1888) 241-. 



0809 Measurement of Time 
(mechanical and electrical) ; 
Chronometers. 

{See abo Astronomy 2100.) 

Absolute measurement by means of gravita- 
tional attraction. Lippmann, G, C. B. 128 
(1899) 1137-. 

— unit of time determined by electrical stand- 
ards. Lippmann, G, C. B. 104 (1887) 
1070-. 

Chronodeik, for finding time within a second. 
Chandler, S, C, (jun,) Obs. 4 (^1881) 
14-. 



100 



0809 Chronographs 



Chronometers 0809 



CHRONOGRAPHS. 

{See aieo Mechanics 1650.) 

Schmidt, C. W, Gg. Int. Chron. (1900) 

lis-. 

and application to gun ballistios. Watkin, 
(CoL) H, [1896] R. I. P. 15 (1899) 176-. 

ballistic, Flamache c<miiparaleur-riffuiaUuT for. 
Flamache, V, Lorn, l^lect. 17 (1885) 588-. 

with centrifugal pendolom. Reheur-Pfuehwitz , 

E. von. Z. Instk. 7 (1887) 171-. 
chronographio pendolam, Gaspersen's. Co- 
chard, (coptt.) L. Bv. Artl. 20 (1882) 535-. 

and chronoscopes, control hammer for. KUlpe, 

O., dt Kirschmann, A. Ph. Stud. 8 (1893) 

145-. 
— — , — — — (Eiilpe and Kirschmann). 

Wundt, W. Ph. Stud. 8 (1893) 653-. 
, electric. DumoTieel, T. \_A, L."] Gherb. 

Mm. S. Sc. 1 (1852) 222-. 
, variable error, and controlling apparatus. 

CatteU, McK. Ph. Stud. 9 (1894) 307-. 
, , (Gattell). Wundt, W. 

Ph. Stud. 9 (1894) 311-. 
with controlling apparatus. Lange, L, Ph. 

Stud. 4 (1888) 457-. 
Duboecq and Mercadier. Mercadier, E. Lum. 

Elect. 4 (*1881) 404-. 
electric. Locke, J. Silliman J. 8 (1849) 

231-. 
— . Gibbi, W. Am. As. P. (1854) 103-. 
— . Deprez, M. G. R. 78 (1874) 1427-, 1562- ; 

Par. S. Ps. S6. (1874) 93-. 
— , elimination of residual magnetism. Smith, 

{Rev,) F, J, Ph. Mff. 30 (189m 160-. 
— , new form. Smith, (Rev.) F. /. Ph. Mg. 29 

(1890) 377-. 
measuring Tvirnr o' ^ second. Schmidt, W. 

Par. S. Ps. S6. (1891) 272-. 
new. Dodge, R. Z. Psychol. 10 (1896) 414-. 
phonograph used as. Nansouty, M. de, G^n. 

Giv. 19 (1891) 343-. 
photo-, polarising. Cr chore. A, C, dt Squier, 

G. 0. [1895-96] Ps. Bv. 3 (1896) 63-; 

J. de Ps. 6 (1896) 83 ; 6 (1897) 37-. 
— , — . Bacl^, L. G^n. Giv. 29 (1896) 247-. 

267- ; 31 (1897) 136-. 
regulator for. Anon. Elekttech. Z. 11 (1890) 

88-. 
simple. Cole, A. D. Denison Un. Sc. Lb. 

Bll. 5 (1890) 19-. 
— . Sanford, E, C. Am. J. Psychol. 5 

(1893) 385-. 

spark, Siemens and Halske. Frdlich, 0, (zn) 

Elekttech. Z. 1 (1880) 346-, 405-. 
special. Lea, H., dk Bragge, R. B. A. Bp. 

(1894) 757-. 

traces, instrument for measuring. Smith, (Rev.) 

F. J. Ph. Mg. 32(1891) 126-. 

with tuning-fork. Webb, W. L. Franklin I. 
J. 134 (1892) 219-. 

use of microphone to register swings of pendu- 
lum on. Folic, F. Brux. Ac. Bll. 13 (1887) 
198-. 

Watkin. Ayrtan, W. E. Tel. E. J. 9 (1880) 
121-. 



GHBONOMETEBS. 

Arago, D. F. J. (vi Add$.) Par. Bur. Long. 

An. (1824) 155-. 
Frodtham, W, J,, dt ParHnion, — . Silliman 

J. 29 (1836) 297-. 
Rouyaux, J. A. Bv. Bfar. et Gol.51 (1876) 457-. 
Peteri,C.F.W. [1877] As. Nr. 91 (1878) 155-. 

adjustment for position. Phillips, j6. G. B. 

58 (1864)^287-, 363-. 
balance. EUis, R. L. Gamb. Mth. J. 4 (1845) 

133-. 
— , angular velocity. Antoine, E. Gg. Int. 

Ghron. (1900) 208-. 
— , best form. Phillips, — . Gg. Int. Ghron. 

(1889) 13-. 
— , ** compound bars." Berthoud, A. L. Gg. 

Int. Ghron. (1900) 187-. 
— , isochronism. Young, C Nicholson J. 12 

(1805) 56-. 
— , laws of rapid amplitude variation. BrU- 

louin, M. Gg. Int. Ghron. (1900) 164-. 

— spring and best escapement. Rozi, — . Gg. 
Int. Ghron. (1889) 18-. 

, conical spiral , and other spirals. Phillips , 

i. Par. fio. Pol. J. Cah, 49 (1881) 1-. 
, gUt. Dent, E. J. B. A.Bp. (1841) (pt. 

2)41. 
, glass. Dent, E. J. B. A. Bp. (1833) 

(pt. 2) 421 ; 4 (1835) {pt. 2) 595. 
, _. Arnold, J. R., dt Dent, E. Silli- 
man J. 32 (1837) 330-. 
, isochronism in connection with adjust- 
ments, laws. Frodsham, C. (vi Adds.) 

GE. I. P. 6 (1847) 224-. 
, spherical spiral. PhiUips, E. C. B. 

88 (1879) 1147-, 1234-. 
, spiral. Phillips, t. Par. Mhl Sav. Etr. 

18 (1868) 129-. 
, _, new. Phillips, ± G. B. 78 (1874) 

667- ; 86 (1878) 26-. 
, — , non-symmetry of terminal curves. 

Roti, C. G. B. 73 (1871) 1207-. 
, — , regulating. Phillips, i. Liouv. J. 

Mth. 5 (1860) 313-. 
, — , terminal curves. GuiUaume, C, E. 

Gg. Int. Ghron. (1900) 195-. 
, — , theorem. Phillips, i. G. B. 73 

(1871) 1131- ; 74 (1872) 581-. 
, — , with theoretical terminal curves, in 

1877 competition. PhiUips, A 0. B. 86 
(1878) 1479-. 
, — , ,7 years observations, 

Neuch&tel. PhiUips, i. G. B. 73 (1871) 
1069-. 

— springs, spiral, isochronism. Catpari, E. 
G. B. 81 (1875) 1122- ; 83 (1876) 47- ; Par. S. 
Ps. Si. (1876) 22- ; Gg. Int. Ghron. (1889) 
89- ; (1900) 217-. 

— uncompensated. Delamarche, — , dt Ploix, 
— . G. B. 48 (1859) 241-. 

banking of balance. Hardy, W. Tillooh Ph. 

Mg. 21 (1805) 181-. 
and clocks. BianeH, G. Tortolini A. 5 (1854) 

18- ; 6 (1855) 40-. 



101 



0809 Chronometers 

and docks, action of air on regulator. JUr- 

gensm, U. Kidb. Dn. Yd. Selsk. Afh. 3 

(1828) 891-. 
, improvements. BUtenhouie^ D. [1794] 

Am. Pli. S. T. 4 (1799) 2fr-. 
, rates. BiddU, E. [1828] As. S. Mm. 

8 (1829) 215-. 
, ~. Paget, L. [1859] Rch. Chron. 

Cah. 6 (1861) 289-. 
, — (Pagel). Ploix.C. Boh. Chron. Ca^. 

6 (1862) 875-. 

— — , — , variation (Lieassou). Laugier, 
P. A. E. C. B. 36 (1853) 894-. 

— — , — , — . Lieut$aUj A, Bch. Chron. Cah. 4 
(1860) 216-. 

, rating. T. (vi Adds,) TiUoch Ph. 

Mg. 88 (1809) 402-. 
comparison of times with time at a station. 

FaUaws, F, QJ. Sc. 17 (1824) 815-. 
compensation. Yvon'ViUareeau,A,J,F. Par. 

A. Obs. 7 (1868) 1-. 
— . Eoz€, C. C. B. 90 (1880) 807-, 858-. 
— . CdUritr, G, Gen. S. Ps. Mm. 29 

(1884-87) No. 6, 45 pp. 
— . PhiUips, ^. Cg. Int. Chron. (1889) 62- ; 

C. B. 109 (1889) 489-. 

— balance. Hardy, W. Nicholson J. 16 
(1807) 120-. 

, effect of elasticity. Phillips, E. C. B. 

67 (1868) 508-. 
, regulation. Sang, E. [1888] Sc. S. 

Arts T. 12 (1891) 183-. 
, WinnerPs. Caspari, E. C. B. 82 

(1876) 894-. 
construction and regulation. Boz€, C. Cg. 

Int. Chron. (1889) 105-. 
determination of constants. Pugibet, (le It.) 

H. Bv. Mar. et Col. 181 (1896) 477-. 
diurnal variations. Bouquet de la Orye, — . 

Cg. Int. Chron. (1889) 25-. 
electric. Orc^figny, H. de. Lum. ^ect. 46 

(1892) 66-, 821-, 572-, 618-. 
electrolytic. Parragh, O, Termt. Edzl. 20 

(1888) {Svppl.) 189- ; Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 6 

(1889) 415-. 

errors, and new compensation balance. Dent, 

E. J. SUliman J. 45 (1843) 83-. 
without fusee. Saunier, — • Cg. Int. Chron. 

(1889) 27-. 
improvements. Mathew, D. D. Nicholson J. 

20 (1808) 224-. 
— . Yvon- ViUarceau, A.J.F. C. B. 82 (1876) 

581-, 580-. 
indicating y^W-second. Schmidt, W, Par. S. 

Ps. S^. (1890) 243-. 
influence of atmospheric moisture. Tennant, 

(Maj.-Gen.) J. F. As. S. M. Not. 44 (1884) 

22-, 73. 
. Peters, C. F, W, A. der Hydrog. 

15 (1887) 505-. 
pressure. Harvey, G. Phil. Trans. 

(1824) 372-. 
. Yvon- ViUarceau, A.J.F. C. B. 

82 (1876) 697-. 
. HUfiker, J. As. Nr. 120 (1889) 

109- ; 122 (1889) 348- ; Neuch. S. Sc. Bll. 

17 (1889) ^. 



Chronometers 0809 

influence of Earth's magnetic field. Comu, A. 
C. B. 131 (1900) 859-. 

— — induced magnetism of iron shell. 
Harvey, G. [1824] QJ. Sc. 18 (1825) 84-. 

— — magnetism. Lecount,P, Edinb. Ph. J. 
6 (1822i 288-. 

. Harvey, G. [1823-24] Edinb. Ph. 

J. 10 (1824) 1-, 342- ; QJ. Sc. 17 (1824) 197-. 
. Piddington, H, Beng. J. As. S. 20 

(1851) 61-. 
. Boeddicker,0. [1882] Dubl. S. Sc. 

T. 8 (♦1888-87) 1-. 
. Le Goarant de Tromdin, {le It.) 

G. Bv. Mar. et Col. 88 (1886) 5-. 

— — — of balance. Scoresby, (Bev.) W. 
[1822] Edmb. B. S. T. (1823) 858-. 

ships. Ddamarche, — , <t Pldx, 

—. C. B. 48 (1859) 462-; Boh. Chron. 

Cah. 6 (1862) 889-. 
mode of suspension. Thomson, (Sir) W. 

Qlasg. T. I. Eng. 10 (1867) 139-. 
proximity of masses of uron. Barlow, P. 

Phil. Trans. (1821) 861-. 
shocks on balance. Antoine, — • Cg. 

Int. Chron. (1889) 10-. 
magnetic intensity, case. Harvey, G, [1823] 

Edinb. B. S. T. 10 (1826) 117-. 
main springs, experimental researches. Besal, 

H. A. Mines 12 (1867) 93-. 
, simplified formulie relating to. BeseU, 

H. A. Mines 13 (1868) 301-. 
marine, conditions for competitions. BoUet 

de risle, — . Cg. Int. Chron. (1889) 187-. 
— , decimally graduated. Guyon, E, Cg. Int. 

Chron. (1900) 116-. 
— , Dutch navy. Kaiser, P. J. Cg. Int. 

Chron. (1889) 146-. 
— , with electrical record. Hirsch, A. Neuch. 

Bll. 7 {pt. 2) (1866) 431-. 
— , French navy, history and report. Ballet de 

VIsle, — . Bv. Mar. et Col. 99 (1888) 824-, 

480-. 
— , Grandjean's. Hirsch, A. Neuch. Bll. 6 

(1861-63) 387-. 
— , history and development. Gardner, H. D. 

[1890] Un. Serv. I. J. 84 (1890-91) 813-. 
— , influence of atmospheric moisture. Anon. 

A. der Hydrog. 17 (1889) 107-. 

— , iron. Fisher, G. Phil. Trans. (1820) 

196-. 
— , observations during voyage of *' La Caprici- 

euse." Mauehez, E. Bch. Chron. (1855) 

1-. 
— , voyages of the ''Isis" and **Iphi- 

g^nie." Martin, (It.) A. Bv. Mar. et Col. 

45 (1875) 885-. 
^, protection. Belli, G. N. Cim. 5 (1857) 

459-. 
— , use. Firminger, T. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 42 

(1813) 241-. 
— , — . Givry, — . [1840] Bch. Chron. Cah. 

2 (1859) 73-. 
— , — (de Magnac). Yvon-ViUarceau, A. C. 

B. 75 (1872) 897-. 

— , — . Magnac, — de. C. B. 77 (1873) 

609-. 
— , and their variation. Magnac, A. de, Cg. 

Int. Chron. (1889) 155-. 



102 



0809 Chronometers 

marine, and their variation. Mouehes, E, 

Gg. Int. Ghron. (1889) 160-. 
— , various. Urban, L. As. Nr. 58 (1880) 

241-. 
— , and watches, influence of temperature. 

Birkenmajetf L, Krk. Ak. (Jft.-Prz.) Bz. 

10 (1896) 357-; Grc. Ac. So. BIL (1896) 
78-. 

nickel steels, application. OuUlaume, C» i. 

Gg. Int. Ghron. (1900) 90-. 
pivots, purifying olive oil for. Walker^ Ez, 

Tilloch Ph. Mg. 36 (1810) 372-. 
rate, microphonic registration. Berget, A. 

G. B. 129 (1899) 712-. 

— in rarefied air. JUrgeruen, U. Eidb. Dn. 
Yd. Selsk. Afh. 4 (1829) xxiv-. 

rates, comparative. Bond, W, C, (vi Addi,) 

Bost. Mm. Am. Ac. 1 (1833) 84-. 
— , comparison. Epp$,J. [1832] As. S. Mm. 

6 (1883) 119-. 
— , determination of constants in formulao for, 

by methods of Gauchy and Tobie Mayer. 

QoedaeeU, — . Gg. Int. Ghron. (1900) 73-. 
— , predetermination. BUtgen, — . A. der 

Hydrog. 16 (1887) 31-. 
— , sea. Toynbee, H. As. S. M. Not. 9 

(1848-49) 172-. 
— , — and land. Mudge, W. Edinb. Ph. J. 5 

(1821) 378-. 
— , . Frodsham, W. J., dt Parkinson, 

— . SiUiman J. 26 (1834) 121-. 
rating. Epps, J, As. S. M. Not. 2 (1831-33) 

124-. 
— . Daussy, P. [1835-40] Bch. Ghron. Cah. 

2 (1859) 43- ; Gon. des Temps (1843) 69-. 

— Hartnup, J. As. 8. M. Not. 23 (1863) 
170- ; Nt. 8 (1873) 394-. 

— . Magnac, H. J, A, de, G. B. 81 (1875) 

715-. 
— . Faye, H. A, i, G. B. 88 (1879) 1143-, 

1291-. 

— by signals. Wauehope, R, Edinb. N. Ph. 
J. 8 (1830) 160-, 289-. 

regfulation, and synchronising clocks. Comu, 
A, Gg. Int. Ghron. (1889) 176-. 

— in vertical position. Favre-Heinrich, M, 
Gg. Int. Ghron. (1900) 60-. 

scientific value and price. Kaiser, — . Gg. 

Int. Ghron. (1900) 66-. 
for small time intervals. Negro, S, dal. Pa- 

dova N. Sag. 1 (1817) 127-. 
. Breguet, A. L, Edinb. Ph. J. 1 

(1819) 323-. 
. Barri, — . Lille Tr. (1819-22) 

(Barry's). DelisU, — . Lille Tr. 

(1819-22) 34-. 

. Bellavitis, G. Ven. At. 5 (1846) 

282-. 

temperature coeflQcients. (Ghronometer testing 
conference.) Stechert, C. A. der Hydrog. 
24 (1896) 34&-; 25 (1897) 330-. 

. ( .) Heuer, K,, dk Reimehe, 

{KapU) G. A. der Hydrog. 26 (1898) 262-. 

, calculation. Stechert, C A. der Hy- 
drog. 23 (1895) 388-. 

, variation. B'drgen, — . A. der Hydrog. 

11 (•1883) 401-. 



CbronosGOpes 0809 

temperature compensation. PhiUipt, J^. G. B. 

90 (1880) 483-, 561-, 649-. 
, effect of form of balance. Phillips, E, 

G. B. 66 (1868) 526-. 

— correction and temperature coefficients. 
Anon. A. der Hydrog. 19 (1891) 27-. 

, use. Eteiibeck, (Kapt.) N. von. A. der 

Hydrog. 17 (1889) 149-. 

— corrections. Nevins, A. E. [1874-76] As. 
S. M. Not. 35 (1875) 79-; Lpool. Lt. Ph. S. 
P. 30 (1876) 227-. 

. Hartnup, J. Kb. S. M. Not. 35 (1875) 

314-. 

— infiuence. (Memoirs, 1831, '32, '42, '44.) 
Comulier,—de. Bch. Ghron. Cah. 2(1859) 
87- ; Cah. 3 (1859) 109-. 

. B&rgen, — . A. der Hydrog. 6 (•1878) 

489-. 
testing. Hartnup, J. Lane. T. Hist. S. 9 

(1857) 11- ; B. S. P. 14 (1865) 548-. 
— . Vanssay, P. de. Gg. Int. Ghron. (1900) 

5-. 
— , Greenwich, 1823. HutUm, G. F. Tilloch 

Ph. Mg. 61 (1828) 177-. 
— , — and elsewhere. Cajpari, — . Gg. Int. 

Ghron. (1889) 23-. 
— , Kiel Observatory. Peters, C, F. W, A. der 

Hydrog. 3 (•1875] 343-. 
tests of various kinds, recent. Gelcieh, E. Z. 

Instk. 13 (1893) 343-. 
variation. Haley, J. Nicholson J. 8 (1804) 

46-. 
— , and amplitude of vibration. Nyren, — . 

Gg. Int. Ghron. (1889) 153-. 
regulation. Caspari, E, Gg. Int. Ghron. 

(1889) 67-. 
ana watches, effects of dynamos, etc. Le 

Goarant de Tromelin, G. Lum. £lect. 3 
(•1881) 312-, 326-, 867. 



Ghronophotography. Dememj, G. A. Gons. 

Arts et M^t. 4 (1892) 131-. 
— . Marey, —. A. Gons. Arts et M^t. 1 (1899) 

283-. 

CHR0N0SC0PE8. 

Benzenberg, J. F. Yoigt Mg. 12 (1806) 181-. 
electrochemical. Hessler, F. (vi Adds.) D. 

Nf. Vsm. B. 34 (1858) 156-. 
experiments. Hirsch, A. (vi Adds.) Soh. Os. 

Vh. 46 (1862) 215-. 
gravitational, correction for resistance of air. 

Leroux, F. P. A. G. 12 (1867) 396-, 404-. 
Hipp's (for rate of faJl and speed of bullets). 

Oelsehldger, — . Dingier 114 (^1849) 255-. 
— , determination of constants. Decher, G, 

Dingier 125 (1852) 12-. 
improvement. GUxsmer, M. C. B. 43 (1856) 

814-. 
method of marking by electric spark. Leroux, 

F. P. G. B. 55 (1862) 889-. 
pendulum-, accessory apparatus. Noyes, W, 

[1890] Am. J. Psychol. 8 (1891) 367-. 
— , and accessory apparatus. Scripture, E, W, 

B. A. Bp. (189*^ 824. 



103 



0809 Clocks 

simple. Sanford, E. C. [1890] Am. J. 

Psychol. 8 (1891) 174-. 
Vernier. Sanfard, E. C. Am. J. Psychol. 9 

(1897-98) 191-. 
vibration-. MiOUr, Hub. Soh. Nf. Qs, Vh. 62 

(1868) 27-. 
— . MUUer, Joh. A. Ps. C. 189 (1870) 604-. 
— , electric. BeeU, W. A. Ps. C. 185 (1868) 

126-. 
— , and experiments. MUUer, Joh, [1868] A. 

Ps. C. 186 (1869) 151-. 



Clock- and instroment-makers, oil used by, 
improyed preparation. IfoZZ, G. Hall Bij. 
1 (1826) 1-. 

— making. Bousiel, M, Amiens Mm. Ac. 
So. (1841) 127-. 

, application of mechanics. Retdlt H, 

A. Mines 10 (1866) 428-; 11 (1867) 207- ; 15 
(1869) 211- ; 18 (1870) 817-. 

— — , toothed wheels. luly^ (^^of,) — . 
Neuoh. BU. 9 (1878) 881-. 

Clock-work for continuous aniform motion. 

JacoH, M, H. [1846] St. P^t. Ac. So. Bll. 

6 (1848) 104-. 
. Wagner, J, C. R. 29 (1849) 

701. 
, electric. Zetzsche, — . Elekttech. Z. 5 

(1884) 126-. 

— — at Exhibition of 1889, machinery in 
manufacture. Oamier, P. Cg. Int. Chron. 
(1889) 88-. 

— — . Units of chronometry. Ouillaume, 

C. i. Cg. Int. Chron. (1900) 179-. 

. , report of Commission. Fad- 

degan, ~. Cg. Int. Chron. (1900) 184-. 

CLOCKS. 

BmeL, F. W. B. A. Bp. (1842) {pt. 2) 1-; As. 

Nr. 20 (1848) 187-. 
Fl^iter, W. As. Nr. 91 (1878)387-, 868-, 869-. 
in air-tight case. F&rtter, W. Carl Bpm. 8 

(1867) 271-. 
alteration of arcs by hygrometrical changes of 

the air ; and a compensating pendulum of 

deal. Squire, T. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 65 (1825) 

88-. 
astronomical. Cesarie, O.A. de. Mil. Effem. 

As. (1814) 74-. 
^. Hirech, A. Neuch. Bll. 6 (1859-61) 461-. 
— . Newcomb, S. Sid. Mess. 8 (1884) 206-. 
— , equalisation of arcs. JUrgensen, U. Eidb. 

Dn. Yd. Selsk. Afh. 1 (1824) 209-. 
— , Innsbruck. Ctermak, P. Innsb. Nt. Md. 

B. 24 (1899) 198-. 

— , new. Boy$, C. V. [1877] As. S. M. Not. 

88 (1878) 74-. 
", with pendulum goyemor. Thomson, {Sir) 

W. R. S. P. 17 (1869) 468-. 
— , regulation. HaiMietn, C. N. Mg. Ntyd. 6 

(1861) 80-. 
and atmospheric pressure. Bessel, F. W. As. 

Nr. 2 (1824) 49-. 
. Eobinaon, T, R. As. S. Mm. 6 

(1888) 126-. 
. F&reier, W. Berl. Mb. (1867) 289-. 



Compensation Pendulum 0809 

and atmospheric pressure. Hipp, M. [1877] 

Neuoh. S. Sc. Bll. 11 (1879) 162-, 169-. 
atmospheric pressure compensation. CarUni, 

F. Brugnatelli G. 8 (1825) 388-. 
. Bobinwn, T. R. B. A. Rp. (1843) 

{pt. 2) 17-, 102. 
. KrUger,A. As. Nr. 62 (1864)279-; 

68 (1867) 827-. 
. Airy, (Sir) G. B. Ph. Mg. 41 (1871) 

482. 
. Denitm, E, B. As. S. M. Not. 83 

(1878) 122-, 294-. 
(Denison*s). Robinson, T. R. As. S. 

M. Not. 88 (1878) 296-. 

. Redier, A. C R. 88 (1876) 1174-. 

. Gulbransen, P. F. Belfast NH. S. 

Rp. & P. (1890-91) 87-. 
error. Webster, R. As. S. M. Not. 88 

(1878) 296-. 
Breguet's. Arago, D. F, J. (vi Adds,) Par. 

Bur. Long. An. (1824) 152-. 
at Buda-Pest Polytechnic. Krusp4r, I. [1885] 

Mth. Termt. :^ts. 4 (1886) 19- ; Mth. Nt. B. 

Ung. 4 (1885-86) 18-. 
chronometric alarum. Bianchedi, G. (xn) 

Rv. Sc.-Ind. 6 (1874) 92-. 
church-, illumination. Bryson, R. Edinb. 

N. Ph. J. 33 (1842) 293-. 
comparison, electric. Ceraski, W, Mosc. Obs. 

A. 3 {Pt. 2) (1896) 123-. 



Compensation PendiUum, 

Crosthwaite, J. [1787] Ir. Ac. T. 2 (1788) 

7-. 
Dbhler, J, F, A. GUbert A. 7 (1801) 318-. 
Bemenberg, J, F. Voigt Mg. 4 (1802) 697-. 
Kater, H. Nicholson J. 20 (1808) 214-. 
Ward, H. Nicholson J. 21 (1808) 53-. 
B,, R, Nicholson J. 83 (1812) 217-. 
Reid, A. A. C. 85 (1813J 183-. 
ErmeHns, J. G, lieijd. A. Ac. (1818-19) 

22 pp. 
HiU, C. J. D, (VI Adds.) Lund Phys. Sallsk. 

Arsb. (1823) 77-. 
Berlinger, I. Wien Jb. Pol. I. 6 (1826) 14-. 
Herapath, W. TUloch Ph. Mg. 66 (1826) 

374-. 
Zecchini'LeoneUi, — . Wien Jb. Pol. I. 6 

(1825) 53-. 
Kraijenhoff, H, E, Hall Bij, 7 (1832) 361-. 
Forman, W. Dingier 65 (1885) 381-. 
Jmes, W. G, SiUiman J. 38 (1840) 274-. 
MHkU, H. Edinb. N. Ph. J. 41 (1846) 386-. 
Laugier, P. A. E, C. R. 25 (1847) 415-. 
Smith, J. L. C. R. 83 (1876) 202 ; Am. J. Sc. 

12 (1876) 106-. 
Weber, R, Neuch. S. Sc. BU. 15 (1886) 169-. 
Nippoldt, W,A, Z, Instk. 16 (1896) 44-. 
Butenschon, G, Cztg. Opt. 18 (1897) 61. 
Faddegon, J. M, Cg. Int. Chron. (1900) 

18-. 
application of property of circle in construction. 

Giulio, C. I, [1848] Tor. Mm. Ac. 11 (1851) 

187-. 
Baily's. Bryson, R. Edinb. N. Ph. J. 88 

(1846) 220-. 



104 



0809 Compensation Pendulum 

oompotind, of steel and zino. Lowe^ E. J. 

Manch. Ph. S. P. 1 (1867-60) 2ia-. 
Graham's. Dienger^ J. Grunert Aroh. 9 

(1847) 338-. 
gridiron. Benxenberg^ J, F, Gilbert A. 14 

(1803) 315-. 
— , of lead and iron. Benzenhergt J. F, Voigt 

Mg. 4 (1802) 787-. 
— , new. NichoUon, W. Nicholson J. 8 (1800) 

206-. 
height of mercury. Lorenzoni^ O, Spet. It. 

Mm. 8 (1879) (App,) 1-. 
mathematical roles for oonstmotion. SteveUy, 

J. B. A. Bp. (1836) {pt. 2) 7-. 
mercury. Blacker, T. [18061 ^o^® ^* ^^' 

(1810) 221-. 

— (Lowe's). Firminger, T, Tilloch Ph. Mg. 
54 (1819) 102-. 

— . BaHy, F, As. S. Mm. 1 (1822) 381-. 
— . Encke, J, F, As. Nr. 10 (1833) 119-. 
-. B'dhm, J. Q. Wien SB. 26 (1857) 345-. 
— . BaUUs, M, Termt. Edzl. 25 (1893) 

[Suppl,) 47-. 
— . Biefier, S. Z. Instk. 13 (1893) 88-. 

— and gridiron, comparison. Kessels, — . As. 
Nr. 27 (1848) 181-. 

of 2 pieces. Sang, E. [1867] Edinb. B. S. P. 

6 (1869) 67-. 
simplest. Huth, O, Bode As. Jb. (1803| 213-. 
for temperature. Nicholson, W. Nicholson J. 

1 (1797) 56-. 

— — and atmospheric pressure. Sang, E. 
[1870] Edinb. T. Sc. S. Arts 8 (1872) 168-. 

. Oudemans, J. A, C, As. Nr. 

100 (1881) 17-. 
. Nippoldt, W, A. Z. Instk. 9 

(1889) 197-. 
zino and steel verttu mercurial. Bitckney, T. 

As. S. M. Not. 46 (1886) 462-. 

construction. Bloxam, J, M. [1853] As. S. 

Mm. 22 (1854) 103- ; 27 (1859) 61-. 
contact, new. Braun, K. (xn) Mth. Term. 

iiB. 1 (1883) 151- ; Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 1 

(1882-83) 119-. 
contact-maker, electric. Orubh, H, [1878] 

Dubl. S. Sc. P. 2 (1880) 115-. 
continuous motion, regulators for. Leroux, 

F. P. Par. A. Cons. 7 (1867) 595-. 
control, electric. Hartnup, J. B. A. Bp. 

(1857) (pt. 2) 13, 180-. 
— , — . Walker, C. V. As. S. M. Not. 21 

(1861) 72-, 160-. 
— , — . Hefner-Alteneck, F. von, Nt. 48 

(1893) 44&-. 
— , — , of turret clocks. Kesel, O, Cztg. Opt. 

13 (1892) 249-. 
controlled electrically. Henrich, F. Humb. 

3 (1884) 331-. 
for Copenhagen University. JUrgensen, U, As. 

Nr. 3 (1825) 1-. 
correction by means of telephone. Norden- 

tki»ld, N. K, Stockh. 6fv. 40 (1883) No. 4, 
49-. 
with dead-beat escapement and deal pendulum, 
semi-arcs of vibration. Squire, T. Ph. Mg. 

2 (1827) 34-. 



Electric Clocks 0809 

diminution of friction. Matsey, E. Tilloch 

Ph. Mg. 18 (1804) 305-. 
Dondi's, Padua. Gloria, A. Padova Ac. At. 

e Mm. 1 (1885) 233-. 

Electric Clocks. 

Sharpe, B. Ir. Ac. P. 3 (1847) 105-. 

Jaspar, J. Brux. Ac. Bll. 20 (1853) {pte. 3) 281-. 

Jacobi, M. H. [1856] St. P^t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 15 

(1857) 25-. 
Barnard, F.A.P. Am. As. P. (1858) 17-. 
Hirseh, A. Neuch. Bll. 5 (1859-61) 591-. 
Cauderay, H. Laus. Bll. S. Vd. 8 (1864-65) 

246. 
Thomson, (Sir) W. [1866] Glasg. Ph. S. P. 6 

(1868) 61-. 
Arzherger, F. Briinn Vh. 8 (1869) (Ah.) 91-; 

9 (1870) (Ah.) 33-. 
BtUkevich, F. S. [1870] (xn) Mosc. S. Sc. Bll. 

39 [No. 2] (1880) 11-. 
Brunn, J. A. Ps. C. 157 (1876) 411-. 
Dumoulin-Froment, P. A. T61. 3 (1876) 346-. 
Gardner, H. D. Nt. 20 (1879) 346-. 
Waiiot, — . [1881] Rv. Sc. 2 (1882) 417-. 
Arzherger, F. (xn) Z. Instk. 2 (1882) 51-. 
MagnevUU, — de. Lum. l^lect. 10 (*1883) 244-. 
Hirseh, A. Neuch. S. Sc. Bll. 14 (1884) 1-. 
Mauritius, — . Exner Bpm. 20 (1884) 815-. 

Sartiaux, E. Lum. i^lect. 11 (1884) 91-. 
Tiede, — . Elekttech. Z. 5 (1884) 251-. 
Bothen, —. Bern Mt. (1886) x-. 
Favarger, A . G6n. Civ. 12 (1887-88) 330-, 338-. 
Hirseh, A. Neuch. S. So. Bll. 19 (1891) 8-. 
Braun, L. [1894] G^n. Civ. 26 (1894-95) 3-. 
Hope-Jones, F. [1899] I. Elect. £. J. 29 (1900) 

119— 286— 
SeUaroli, .1. ' Bv. Sc.-Ind. 32 (1900) 206. 
of Berlin. Kramer, A. Dingier 121 (1851) 111-, 
calendar-. Kleiszner, B. [1889] Termt. Edzl. 

22 (1890) 48- ; Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 8 (1891) 456. 
— , Kleiszner's. Zetzsche, E. Lum. Elect. 31 

(1889) 419-. 
continuous motion, conical pendulum. Thury, 

B. Cg. Int. Chron. (1900) 146-. 
at Paris Exhibition, 1881. Du Moncel, T. 

Lum. tllect. 4 (*1881) 337-. 
— Philadelphia Exhibition. Napoli, D. Lum. 

ilect. 16 (1885) 314-. 
Bebi5ek*s. Waltenhofen, A, von. [1879] Prag 

Ab. 10 (1881) (Mth.) (No. 2) 6 pp. 
recording-. Fuchs, K. Elekttech. Z. 8 (1887) 

342-. 
regulation. Cauderay, H. [1873] (ix) Laus. 

S. Vd. Bll. 12 (1874) 436-. 
regulator. Tobler, A. [1868] Laus. Bll. S. 

Vd. 10 (1868-70) 37-. 
— . Anon. Tel. J. 15 (1884) 243-. 
self-regulating by the sun. Dumoneel, T. 

[A. L.] C. B. 42 (1866) 696-. 
signalling. Elsdsser, W. Elekttech. Z. 18 

(1897) 652. 
temperature compensation. Bonalds, (Sir) F, 

Tilloch Ph. Mg. 46 (1815) 203-. 
and time-telegraphs. Spellter, L. H, Franklin 

I. J. 84 (1882) 111-. 



105 



s(i«n)i». 









^. H. MB. Aawi. Tk. S OSIT) 
ST-; E^mb. Fh. J. « (Itti) IST-; 7 (UU) 



IT. r. E. L P. 1 (I8$l-M) 



«f «». Bmmig, W. Kidwlno 
397-; 21 (UCH) SI-. 

flgnib. Pcnodk, fl. IF. 

■MlnielioB* Airfft G» M. 
^Vmfi Cmk. Ph. 8. T. 7 (1B42) 217-. 



J. 14 





^ Cg. iBtw amB. (1900) 47'. 
kiHoffie, ttt CourtaL Homzemm, J, C. [19BS] 

CUk H Tern 6 (IMS-aQ 1-. 72. 
iMpiiiiiiiniiiii, Siamffer, S. Wicn Jb. PoL 

1 20 (li»0| 78-. 
— • CUuuem. T. [1844] Si. P^. Ae. Be. BIL 

f (IMI) 14^. 
--. Bri<. .Am. CoMai. B. A. Bp. (1880) 5^-. 
farfh i fBre o€ Attnetioo between weighti and 

vninlnm Bad, T. Ktehobon J. 33 (1812) 

jr.,JEr. Nieholson J. 34 

(1813) 146-. 
frfetaon. 8am^, E. Edinb. N. Ph. J. 19 

(183$) 129-. 
Itmi-colmr ftUoetaon. Gaillot, A. BIL 

As. 1 (1884) 217- ; C. B. 98 (1884) 893-. 
miigDel. Harvey, G, Edhib. J. Sc. 6 

(1827)288-. 
mflgDe^ aelion. ^Olf, IT. Ph. Mg. 25 

(180^ 325-. 

— — tempcfrntnre. Boneell, J, W. Nichobon 
J. 10 (1806) 70-. 

. BHoteM, C. MU. Effem. Ab. (1812) 

114-. 
irvQgolftritjdnetoeleetiiiieatioD. Baumgartner, 

A, von, Baamgartner Z. 1 (1828) 299-. 
tooehnmoos. iZ^, T. TiUoch Ph. Mg. 45 

(1815)484-. 
Jftpftoeee, Science and Art Miueimi, Dablin. 

Bambaut, A. A. [1889] Dabl. S. Sc. P. 6 

(1888-90) 832-. 
pendolam. Walker, Ez. TiUoeh Ph. Mg. 36 

(1810) 81-. 
—. Barnard, F. A. P. Am. As. P. (1858) 

17-. 
^-, adTAOtsges of small arc. Sang, E, Edinb. 

N. Ph. J. 15 (1838) 137-. 
— , amplitade. Walker, Ez. Nicholson J. 2 

(1802) 78-, 273-. 
— , centrifugal. Anon, in 829) Hermbstadt 

Bll. 9 (1811) 350-. 
— , — '. Clauten, T. Crelle J. 5 (1829) 

314-. 
— , circalar error. Mohr, C, F, Dingier 81 

(1841) 38-. 

— clock, conversion of motion into equable 
motion of rotation. Jones, B. L, As. S. M. 
Not. 12 (1851-52) 150-. 

, Galileo's. Schaik, W, C. L. van. Z. 

Instk. 7 (1887) 350-, 428. 

— — , Harris*!, erected in 1641 ; and rate of 2 
clocks. BM, T. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 45 (1815) 
178-. 



ITel/. E. Zftr. 

(1887)9-. 

^.eooieaL Fmtmmlt, L. C. B. S (1847) l^*-- 
~, eleeteieally maiirtaifiwi Fenf* C. C B. 

1300900) 1248-; C%. Ink Chiai. (19001 68-; 

As. Fr. C. B. (1900) (PI. 9} 487-. 
— , . Cfcmpifhe IWy, 6. [1900] Se. 

Aba. 4 (1901) 9S»-. 
— , improvanent. Vtmeuil, — ^. Dqon 84. 

Ac (1823) 50-. 
~. ifloefanoism. S^ifoidt^ W, A. D. XL Th. 

(1896) (Tk. 2, HSlfte 1) 39-. 
— ,leng(bBniDg,witl»oiitstoppiiigeloek. Ijomry, 

r. J. [1874] Calif. Ac P. 5 (187S) 426. 
— , moiioo of sopport earned by. Dtforfez, Qe 

ctmm.) ~. Cg. Int. Chran. (18891 191-. 

— lodsofdeaL Walker,Ez. 111kMJiPh.Mg. 
83 (1809) 30- ; 34 (18(M9 ^- 

wood. BaOy, F, Tllloeh Ph. Mg. 

65 (1825) 41-. 

— so^ensioD. SpeUier, L. H. Franklin L 
J. 80 (1880) 47-. 

— , testmg motion. Kaeeomdt, S. (^ As. 

Nr. 81 (1873) 319-. 
— , tabular. Trorngkiait, E. Nicholson J. 9 

(1804) 22£^. 
— , ^, Troo^ton's. SehMdUer, W. [1807] 

Bode As. Jb. (1810) 184-. 
— til ramo, use of corrections from are. Walker, 

Ez. Nicholson J. 3 (1802) 35-. 
— , variation in vibiation. Walker, Ez. Tilloch 

Ph. Mg. 40 (1812) 293-. 

— of wood. Beaufoy, M. Thomson A. Ph. 
15 (1820) 176- ; 3 (1822) 406- ; U (1826) 
161-. 

. Braddock, J. Madras J. 7 (1838) 

108-. 
pendolam 's first application to. Veladnd, G. 

MU. Mm. I. Lomb. 5 (1856) 219-. 
. AlhtH, E. N. Cim. 8 (1858) 

4AO_ 

and pendalams, histoiy. Fouati, E. Bt. Sc- 
Ind. 23 (1891) 10-, 28-. 

pendalams, invariable. BosweU, J. W. Nichol- 
son J. 10 (1805) 70-. 

— , — (Boswell). G., J. Nicholson J. 15 
(1806) 84-. 

perpetaal, working by the tide. Poultier, L. 
Cg. Int. Chron. (1900) 193-. 

protection from variations of temperatare and 

pressare. Faye, H. A. i. C. B. 25 (1847) 

375-. 
rate adjastment. EUis, W. Obs. 20 (1897) 

411-. 
— , in partial vacaam. Carrington, B. C. 

[1872] As. S. M. Not. 33 (1878) 51-. 
— , (Carrington). Bobimon, T. B. 

As. S. M. Not. 83 (1873) 121-. 
regulation. Ball, B. S. [1877] Ir. Ac. P. 3 

(1883) 66-. 
— , electric. Bitchie, F. J. [1878] Sc. S. 

Arte T. 10 (1883) 30-. 
^,— . Aron,—. Elekttech. Z. 7 (1886) 353-. 



106 



0809 Clocks 

regulation, eleotrio. Comu, A. J. de Ps. 8 

(1889) 101-. 
— , — . Wolf, — . Cg. Int. Chron. (1889) 188-. 
— , — . Arum, A. T^. 16 J1889) 848-. 

— , — , Paris. Tresca, H. E. C. R. 90 (1880) 
660-. 

— by telephone. Rothen, ^. J. Td. 18 (1889) 
93-. 

weights on pendulum, problem. Itelyt 

J. P. [1878] (x) Neuch. S. Sc. Bll. 10 

(1876) 20-. 

regulator. Destigny, — . Bouen Tr. Ac. (1825) 

181-. 
of Boyal Society, Edinburgh. Bobisan, (Sir) J, 

Edinb. B. S. T. 11 (1831) 345-. 
in sealed case, at constant pressure. Bigourdan, 

G. Cg. Int. Chron. (1900) 162-. 
sidereal, Greenwich. Ellu, W. Nt. 11 (*1875) 

431-. 

— and mean time. Dupuis, N. F, (xn) Cn. 
B. S. P. A T. 1 (1883) {Sect. 3) 75-. 

. Le Roy, A, As. Fr. C. B. (1894) 

(Pt, 2) 330- ; Bv. Sc. 3 (1895) 348-. 
sounder for marking seconds. Knipp^ C. T. 

Am. J. Sc. 5 (1898) 283-. 
standard, of an electric system. Henrich, F, 

Humb. 3 (1884) 372-. 
— , *'make-and-break" apparatus for, and Jiir- 

genssen's clock construction. Konkoly, M, 

(xn) Mag. Tud. Ak. Etk. (Mth.) 8 (1881) 

(No. 8) 11 pp. 
stopping, due to oscillation of weight. Howard, 

W. SUliman J. 8 (1824) 277-. 
Strasburg Cathedral. Fargeaud, A. Fr. Cg. 

Sc. (1842) (pU. 2) 113-. 

. Raasche,G. BigaCor.-B1.38(1895)67-. 

striking by electricity. Bianchedi, O. By. So.- 

Ind. 16 (1884) 291-. 

— part rc^gulated by pendulum. M<u$ey, E. 
Nicholson J. 8 (1804) 162-. 

sympathetic action of pendulums. SmdUey, 
G. B. N. S. W. B. S. T. 1 (1867) 7*-. 

— influence. EUi$, W. As. S. M. Not. 38 
(1873) 480-. 

synchronisation. Comu, A, C. B. 105 (1887) 
1106- ; Par. S. Ps. S^. (1888) 65-, 264-. 

synchronism between, by electric control. 
Comu, A. [1889] Dingier 276 (1890) 32-. 

and other time-measuring apparatus. Gardner, 
H. D. Nt. 14 (1876) 529-, 55-1-, 573- ; 15 

(1877) 9-. 

, mechanical production . Bodanet, 

A. H. Cg. Int. Chron. (1889) 59-. 

— time-signals, electric. West, J. H. Elekt- 
tech. Z. 17 (1896) 2-. 

with torsion pendulum. DougUu, W, H, B. A. 

Bp. (1888) 823. 
turret-, construction. Grubb, H, Dubh S. 

Sc. P. 4 (1885) 447-. 
— , remontoirs. Denison, E, B. Camb. Ph. 

S. T. 8 (1849) 639-. 
uniform pressure-, new. Bucknty, T, As. S. 

M. Not. 40 (1880) 315-. 
with variable period, stroboscopic observation. 

BrUUmin, M. J. de Ps. 5 (1896) 394-. 
Wadham*s galvanic remontoir-. Lockey, F, 

Walker Electr. Mg. 1 (1845) 361-. 



Mdararement of 



0809 



and watches, construction. Reid, T. Nichol- 
son J. 11 (1805) 1-. 
,~(Beid). if., 12. (yi Add$.) Nicholson 

J. 15 (1806) 159-. 
, maintaining power. Nicholaon, W, 

Nicholson J. 1 (1797) 429-; 2 (1799) 49-. 
— — , pendulums and balances of, disturbance ; 

theory of escapements. Airy^ G. B. [1826] 

Camb. Ph. S. T. 3 (1830) 105-. 
, , influence of gravity. X, 

Nicholson J. 22 (1809) 134-. 
, repeating. EUioi, J. M. Nicholson J. 

7 (1804) 157-. 
, 50 years' progress. Gardner, H. D, Nt. 

86 (1887) 392-, 484-. 
water-dock and gong in India. Schlagintweit, 

H. von. Munch. Sb. (1871) 128-. 
winding by barometric changes, suggestion. 

Whlsa, C. A. [1849] Helsingf. Acta 3 (1852) 

371-. 
and writing-telegraphy, etc., application of 

electric current. Gliuener, M. (vi Adds.) 

D. Nf . Vsm. B. 33 (1857) 173-. 



Coincidences, method. Biehat, E, J. de Ps. 8 
(1874) 369-. 

— , — . CoUet, J. [1891] Isdre S. BU. 27 
(1892) 1-. 

— , — . Perreau, E. J. de Ps. 8 (1899) 212-. 

Compensation of clocks, watches and chrono- 
meters. Menon, — . Les Mondes 13 (1867) 
654-. 

Dial of Achaz (Horologium Aehaz), Sachie, 
J. F. Am. Ph. S. P. 34 (1895) 21-. 

— for mean and solar time. Go$8elin, (col.) — • 
Metz Mm. Ac. 21 (1839-40) 396-. 

— , universal. Bdhm, J. G. Prag Sb. (1862) 

57-. 
— , wooden suspension, used in Alps and Pyre- 
nees. Stanley, O. Edinb. N. Ph. J. 11 

(1831) 281-. 
Dialling. Lalande, J. le F, de. Par. Ec. Pol. 

J. 11« cah. (1801) 261-. 
— . Goiselin, (col.) — . Metz Mm. Ac. 18 

(1836-37) 109-. 
Electricity, use. Fdrster, W. (xn) Elekttech. 

Z. 1 (1880) 229-. 
Electromagnetic time indicator. Sturrock, W. 

[1892] Sc. S. Arts T. 13 (1894) 163-. 
Escapement. Crosthwaite, J. [1787] Ir. Ac. 

T. 2 (1788) 7-. 

— for astronomical clock, Capt. H. Eater's. 
Kater, E. PhU. Trans. (1840) 335-. 

— , chronometer-, applied to clocks. Riefier, S. 

Dmgler 276 (1890) 356-. 
— , dock-, with constant impulse. AinmiUer, 

H. Dingier 260 (1886) 212-. 
— , — , doEid beat (Graham's). Bennett, J. 

Nicholson J. 15 (1806) 133-. 
— , — , . Vulliamy, B. L. QJ. So. 14 

(1823) 334-; 16 (1823) 1-. 
— , — , new. WhUelaw, D. Edinb. Ph. J. 8 

(1823) 27-. 
— , — , — . Airy, G. B. As. S. M. Not. 5 

(1839-43) 221-. 
— , — , — . Bond, R, F. (ix) Briinnow As. 

Not. (No. 21) (1860) 161-. 



107 



0809 Escapements 

Escapement, eleotromagnetio, Tiede's. F&rster, 

W, Carl Bpm. 3 (1867) 271-. 
— , free, with doable wheel. Jilrgenteitt U. 

As. Nr. 1 (1823) 209-, 233-. 
— , — , and free pendulum. Appelt D, Z. 

Instk. 12 (1892) 19-, 165. 
— , — , (Appel). Weatphal, A. Z. 

Instk. 12 (1892) 164-. 

— with free pendulum. Witherspoon, A. 
Edinb. N. Ph. J. 20 (1836) 303-. 

. Riefler, S. As. Nr. 134 (1894) 

217- ; Z. Instk. 14 (1894) 34&-. 
— , free, with reduced friction. JUrgen$en^ U. 

[1822] As. Nr. 1 (1823) 155-. 
— , gravity-, clocks with. Cinquemani, O. 

Bm. N. Line. Mm. 3 (1888) 91-. 
— , — , detached. Young, C, A. Spet. It. 

Mm. 6 (1877) (App.) 73-. 

— of Hipp chronograph, and measurement 
of small intervals of time. Briggs, R, 
Franklin I. J. 73 (1877) 89-. 

— , new pendulum-. Leman, — . As. & Asps. 
12 (1893) 882-. 

— for standard clock. A^el, D. Z. Instk. 7 
(1887) 29-. 

Escapements. Reid, T. Nicholson J. 6 (1802) 

65-. 
-. Veladini, G, Mil. G. I. Lomb. 7 (1846) 

127-. 
— , chronometer-. Rodanet, A, H. Cg. Int. 

Chron. (1900)34-. 
— , — , classification. DitUheimt P. Gg. Int. 

Chron. (1900) 40-. 
— , dock-. Wagner, J, Par. Bll. S. Encour. 

46 (1847) 3-. 
— , — . Deniaon, E, B, [1848] Camb. Ph. S. 

T. 8 (1849) 633-. 
— , — . FulUm, J. Silliman J. 11 (1851) 406-. 
— , — . Bloxam, J, M. [1853] As. S. Mm. 22 

(1854) 103- ; 27 (1859) 61-. 
— , compensations, etc., of clocks and chrono- 
meters, modem. Antaine, E. Cg. Int. 

Chron. (1889) 43-. 
Globe time-piece. Allison, B. Philad. T. 5 

(1802) 82-. 
History of time-measurement. Golfarelli, I, 

Firenze Ac. Georg. At. 21 (1898) 287-. 
Horoscope, Eble's, theory (movaole simdial). 

Radau, R, Les Mondes 8 (1865) 588-. 
Metronomes, construction. Bruno, F, F, de, 

Moigno Cosmos 7 (1855) 363-. 
Pendulum, electric motor. Higgt, R, W. H. P. 

[1876] Nt. 15 (1877) 98. 
— , — precision-, NeuchAtel Observatory. 

Favarger, A. Lum. isiect. 20 (1886) 206-. 
— , — regulator for. Bourboute, — . C. B. 83 

(1876) 482-. 
— , free, as time standard. MendenhaU, T, C, 

Am. J. Sc. 43 (1892) 85-. 
— , Helmholtz, modification. Kleiner, A, Arch. 

Sc. Ps. Nt. 8 (1899) 375-. 
Phenomena of the time-infinitesimal. NichoU, 

E. L. Am. As. P. (1893) 57-. 
Phonic wheel for regulating synchronism of 

motion. La Cour, P. C. B. 87 (1878) 

499-; (xn) Sk. Nt. Mdt. F. (1880) 133 -; Tel. 

J. 21 (1887) 331-, 359-, 529. 



Measurement of Time 0809 

Physical experiments, time measurements in. 

Aldini, O. Bologna Mm. I. It. 1 (pte. 2) 

(1806) 487-. 
Botation time, absolute measurement. Prytz,K. 

A. Ps. C. 43 (1891) 638-. 

— — of axis and vibration time of tunhig 
fork, ratio. PryU, K. A. Ps. C. 48 (1891) 
652-. 

— — , and periodic time of tuning fork, 
measurement. Jones, J, V, L. Ps. S. P. 
10 (1890) 97-; Ph. Mg. 27 (1889) 849-. 

Small intervals, measurement. PouUlei,C. S, M. 

C. B. 19 (1844) 1384-. 
, — . Tygna, E, Bio Obs. Bv. (1886) 

105-. 
, — , apparatus. Aldini, Q, Bb. Un. 51 

(1832) 77-. 
, — , — . Hankd, W. G. Leip. B. 18 

(1866) 46-. 
, — , — . Oieteler, E, Bonn Niedr. Gs. 

Sb. (1875) 304-. 

— — , — ; duration of electroscopic double 
refraction and magnetic rotation. Abraham, 
H., dt Lemoine, J, Par. S. Ps. S4. (1899) 
155- ; A. C. 20 (1900) 264-. 

, — , electrical. Sabine, R. Ph. Mg. 1 

(1876) 837-. 
, — , photographic. Stein, S. T. Wien 

Pht. Cor. 14 (1877) 183-, 277-. 
, — , — . Mareschal, O. (Hn, Civ. 20 

(1891-92) 152-. 
, — , — . Lavergne, O. G6n. Civ. 21 

(1892) 381-. 
Sundial, azimuthal. Decante, — . Bv. Mar. 

et Col. 46 (1875) 222-. 
— , cylindrical, MAcon. Mayette, — . M&oon 

Ac. A. 5 (1885) 401-. 
— , horizontal. Donovan, If. Ir. Ac. P. 7 

(1858) 111-. 
— , — elliptic, Dijon, 1827. Ferret, A. N. A. 

Mth. 15 (1856) 399-. 
— , , — , — . DuTnay, — . [1899] Dijon 

Ac. Sc. Mm. 7 (1901) xix-. 
— , new. Decohome, — . C. B. 113 (1891) 

481. 
— , portable. Viala, E, Mntp. Ac. Sc. Mm. 5 

(1861-63) 155-. 
— , — (Sonnenring), Karsten, G, [1893] Sohl.- 

Holst. Nt. Vr. Schr. 10 (1895) 66-. 
— , universal. Sharp's. Robinson, T, R. B. A. 

Bp. (1849) {pt. 2) 34. 
Sundials. Littrow, J. J. pon. Baumgartner 

Z. 9 (1831) 148-. 
— , adjustment. Patterson, R, [1817] Am. 

Ph. S. T. 1 (1818) 333-. 
— , construction. Francaur, L, B. Gergonne 

A. Mth. 8 (1817-18) 233-; 9 (1818-19) 

91-. 
— , — , graphical. Kahrer, G, Wien Jbr. 

Ober-Bealsch. Inn. Stadt 5 (1863) 1-. 
— , — , new method. Servier, — . Bv. Sc. 

49 (1892) 366-. 
— , globes for. Avit, — . Le Puy A. S. Ag. 

(1827) 189-. 
Telechronometer. Ungerer, — . Cg. Int. Chron. 

(1889) 189-. 
Telephonic time -transmitter. Harrington, 

M. W, Science 1 (*1883) 802-. 



108 



0810 



Heasarement of Mass 



0810 



Temperature and time, measurement, analogy. 
Macgregor, J. O. [1887] N. Sootia I. Sc. 
P. A T. 7 (1890) 20-. 

Time determination in study of relative gravi- 
tation. Saija, Q. Spet. It. Mm. 28 (1900) 
65-. 

— regulation, with alternating currents. Boh- 
meyer, C, Elekttech. Z. 8 (1887) 508-. 

— signals, correction of errors in aistribution. 
Gru66, (Sir) H. [1898] Dubl. S. Sc. P. 9 
(1899-1902) 37-. 

, electric. Carhart, H, S. Science 8 

(1884) 401. 

, — , method of making. MeU, P. H, 

ijun.) Science 2 (*1883) 823. 

, — , . M. Science 3 (1884) 69. 

, — telegraphy. Hirach, A, Neuch. Bll. 

6 (1861-63) 373-. 

Watch with ball bearings for balance, trials. 
MaiUard'Salin, — . Cg. Int. Chron. (1900) 
63-. 

— , rocking, rates of, and gravitational pendu- 
lum. Barua, C. Ph. Mg. 50 (1900) 595-. 

Watches, compensation curb. ScottyJ, Nichol- 
son J. 11 (1805) 19-. 

— , . Hardy, W. Nicholson J. 20 (1808) 

138-. 

— , magnetised. Letins, W. T. Franklin I. 
J. 143 (1897) 60-. 

— , mainspring, theory. Youngs Alex. Franklin 
I. J. 24 (1852) 344-. 

— , Paillara palladium alloys in. HoutUm, E. J. 
Am. Ph. S. P. 25 (1888) 129-. 

— , Paillard's non-magnetic balance and hair- 
spring. Hotuton, E. J, Franklin I. J. 125 
(1888) 238-. 

— and other time-pieces, influence of mag- 
netism. Varley, S. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 1 
(1798) 16-. 

— , trains. Pearaon, W. Nicholson J. 5 (1802) 
46-. 



0810 Measurement of Mass and 
Density. Balance. 

{See also Chemistry 7115.) 

BIASS. 

Franeke, A. Hann. Archt.-Vr. Z. 20 (1874) 

5S9-. 
Air, weight of litre. Broch, 0. J. Par. Poids 

et Mes. Tr. Mm. 1 (*1881) A. 4^. 
— , — ^ — , and density of gases. Leduc, A, 

C. R. 117 0893) 1072-. 
— , Ulegnault) ; water, density at 4° C. 

and at 0° C. Kohlrausch, R. Pogg. A. 98 

(1856) 178-. 
— , millilitre. Marek^ W. J. Par. Poids 

et Mes. Tr. Mm. 1 (*1881) D. 26-. 
Carbon dioxide in air of weighing room. 

Dobrochotov, A. Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 29 (P«.) 

(1897) {App,) 85-. 
Ck>m8, system of adjusting to standard in 

weight. Smith, J, T. Madras £ng. Bp. 2 

(1846) 205-. 



Electricity, application to weighing. Decharmct 

C. Lum. :^lect. 19 (1886) 15-. 
— , free, influence on exact weighing. Ekmarit 

F. L, Stockh. Ofv. 17 (1860) 279-. 
Gas weighed by Aristotle. Erman, P. Gilbert 

A. 16 (1804) 385-. 
Gafles, weights, new method of determining. 

Potter, J, [1827] Manch. Ph. S. Bim. 5 



(1831) 195-. 
liloBran] 



Kilogramme, comparison of types, weighing 

observations. Broch, 0. J. Par. Poids et 

Mes. Tr. Mm. 4 (1885) i-. 
— , standard III, volume. Broch, O, J. Par. 

Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 4 (1885) 23-. 
— , — , weighings. Dunuu, J. B», et alii. 

Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 4 (1885) 1-. 
Metallic globules, minute, method of finding 

weight without balance. Byrne, O. [yi Adds,) 

Chemist 5 (1844) 241-. 
Pendulum, weighing by means of. Fuche, K, 

Exner Bpm. 26 (1890) 634-. 
Water, cubic decimetre, mass. Fabry, C, 

Mac€ de Lipinay, J., dt Pirot, A, C. B. 

129 (1899) 709-. 
— , , weight. WUd, H, A. Cons. Arts 

et M^t. 10 (*1873) 106-. 
— , , — . MendeUeff, D. B. S. P. 59 

(1896) 143-. 
— , , — . Chappuia, — . Par. Poids et 

Mes. PV. (1897) 125-. 
— , , — . Ouillaume, C. E. Par. Poids 

et Mes. Py. (1899) 143-. 
— , — foot, weiight. HaUy, R, J, Par. S. 

Phlm. BIL 1 (1791) 39-. 
— , — inch, weight. Kupffer, A, T, Erdm. 

J. Pr. C. 22 (1841) 62-. 
— , distilled, cuoic decimetre, mass at maxi- 
mum density. Maci de Lipinay, J. C. B. 

120 (1895) 770- ; 122 (1896) 595-; Par. S. 

Ps. S^. (1896) 191- ; A. C. 11 (1897) 102-. 
— , — , — — , weight at maximum density. 

Wild, H, [1870] St. P^t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 15 

(1871) 58-. 
— , — , — inch, weight. Chaney, H. J, [1892] 

Phil. Trans. (A) 183 (1893) 331-. 
— , — , , — ; and specific gravity of air. 

Rice, E, W, M. Thomson A. Ph. 13 (1819) 

339- ; 14 (1819) 73-. 
— , true weight. Studer, J. Q. Gilbert A. 13 

(1803) 122-. 
— , weight, experiment. Svamherg, J, Stockh. 

Ak. Hndl. (1825) 1-; QJ. So. 22 (1827) 152-. 
Weighing, accurate. Schuater, A, Manch. Lt. 

Ph. S. Mm. AF,1 (1893) 74-. 
— , — . Mendeleev, D, Be. Ps.-C. S. J. 29 

(Pa,) (1897) {App.) 1-; J. de Ps. 6 (1897) 

613-. 
— in air, correction. Fontana, A. N. Cim. 8 

(1896) 324-. 
— , art of. Hanateen, C, N. Mg. Ntvd. 6 

(1851) 1-. 
— , correction for buoyancy of air when volume 

is unknown. Cooke, J, P. Am. Ac. P. 18 
(1883) 65-. 
— , corrections. RUhlmann, R, Carl Bpm. 4 

(1868) 177-. 
— , ^, Bauer, K. L, Carl Bpm. 4 (1868) 

823-; 5 (1869) 332-. 



109 



0610 Meararement of Mass and Density 



Density of Oases 0810 



Weighing, oorreeiioni (Baiiar). B&hlmann, R, 

Carl Bpm. 6 (1809) S20-. 
— , direct datermliiAtioii of weight of displAoed 

air. Bieharx, V. Beii. Ps. Oe. Vh. (1886) 

88 (M«)-. 
— , liiniM of aocnracT in ordinary. Folkard, 

C. W. C. M. 29 (1874) 20. 

— , theory, formal«, oonetante and tables. 

Martk, W. J. Par. Poide et Mes. Tr. Mm. 8 

(1884) D. 68-. 
— in water, methods and results. Marek, 

W. J. Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 1 (*1881) 

D. 48-; 2 (*1888) D. 68-; 8 (1884) D. 75-. 
Weighings, redaction. Seidel, L., d: Steinheil, 

— . Mtinoh. Gelehrte Az. 26 (1848) 801-. 
— , — to vaoanm. SchottUinder, P. Z. Ps. C. 

16 (1896) 468-. 
— , — . Salcmon, F, Z. Angew. C. 

(1896) 629-. 
WeighU, aoooraoy. DibbiU, H, C. (xn) Mbl. 

Nt. 9 (1879) 120-. 
— , best series. KrUnig, A, A. Ps. C. 122 

(1864) 698-. 
•^, correction-. Verheek, A. T,H, Arch. Mth. 

Ps. 62 (1878) 888-. 
— , new, aescription. Prieur, C. A, A. C. 20 

(1797) 274-. 
— , proposed new form. Siguier ^ A,^ db Dela- 

moHrUire, — . C. R. 44 (1867) 681-. 
— , small, estimation. MeMayer, A. Silliman 

J. 26 (1868) 89-. 
— , variation oy minute amounts. Broun, J. A, 

[1867] Edinb. B. S. P. 6 (1869) 167-. 

DBNSITT. 

LitiUtan, N. L. Md. Ps. J. 40 (1818) 269-. 
Sehiff, H. Lieb. A. 107 (1868) 69-. 
Tilden, W. A. 0. N. 88 (1878) 800-. 
KnhM, O. Carl Bpm. 17_(1881) 661-. 
Ltrmantav, V. V. Be. Ps.-C. S. J. 17 (Pf.) 

(1886) 66-; J. de Ps. 6 (1886) 91. 
Soiloi, W. J. Nt. 48 (1891) 404-. 
Ntfi^lU, B. de. Frkf. a. M. Ps. Yr. Jbr. 

(1891-92) 41. 
Ualloek, W. [It 



476. 



[1900] N. T. Ac. A. 18 (1900-01) 



Absolute density. Sluginov, N. P. Bs. Ps.-C. 

8. J. 19 {Pi.) (1887) 86-. 
Air, influence on density determinations and 

accuracy of weighings. Dtmiehel, A. A. 

0. Anal. 8 (1898) 800-. 
DensiUee should be compared with that of 

water at maximum density. Coxe, J. B, 

Thomson A. Ph. 7 (1816) 284. 
Density and specific gravity. Lamyy A, Lille 

Mm. 8. (1868) 9-. 
Errors in aetermination. Bom^ O, Pogg. A. 

78 (1848) 1-. 
Practical rules for exact determination. 

KohlTQUich, B, Marb. 8ohr. 8 (1867) 1-. 

DENSITY OF GASES, 

Thmuon, T. Thomson A. Ph. 1 (1813) 177-. 
(^y-LuMoc, L. J, A. C. 1 (1816) 218-. 
BtTMelius, J. J., d Dulong, P. L, A. C. 16 
(1820) 888-. 



Thamion,T. Thomson A. Ph. 16 (1890) 382-; 

16 (1820) 161-, 241-. 
Hare, B. Silliman J. 16 (1829) 298-. 
BsgnauU, V. C. B. 20 (1846) 976-. 
Wagner, A. (Chem.) Cari Bpm. 12 (1876) 

60-. 
Chancel, G. C. B. 94 (1882) 626-. 
Goldsehmidt, H., dt Meyer, V, Berl. B. 15 

(1882) 187-. 
Agamennone, O. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 1 

(1886) 106-. 
Lux, F, Fresenius Z. 26 (1886) 3-. 
Bayleigh, (Lord), B. S. P. 43 (1888) 866-; 

60 (1892) 448-; 63 (1893) 134-. 
Cooke, J. P. Am. Ac. P. 24 (1889) 202-. 
Joly, J. Dubl. 8. 8c. P. 6 (1888-90) 634-. 
Geronzi, B.-T. Bv. 8c..Ind. 28 (1891) 228-. 
Moissan, H,, dt Gautier, H, G. B. 116 (1892) 

82- ; A. G. 6 (1896) 668-. 
Meslant, M. C. B. 117 (1893) 386-. 
Fre$eniu8, W. [1900] Nass. Vr. Jb. 64 (1901) 

XLn-. 
Air. Agamennone, G, Bm. B. Ac. Lino. Bd. 

1(1885) 111-. 
— , densimeter for. [Barilli, G.] FUopanti, Q. 

Bologna Bd. (1867) 83-. 
Apparatus. SchUteing, 7. (fiU) G. B. 126 

(1898) 220-, 476-. 

— for rapid determination. Meslane, — . Par. 
8. Phhn. BU. 4 (1892) {C.B., No. 20) 2. 

Barothermometer. SdUmon, F. Z. Angew. 

G. (1892) 45-. 
Bunsen's method, improvement. MendenhaU, 

T. C. Am. As. P. (1876) (Pt. 1) 112-. 
Gorrection for moisture. Apjohn, Jas. B. A. 

Bp. (1831-32) 570-. 
Dasymeter and air-pyrometer of 8iegert and 

Dflrr. H. Oestr. Z. Brgw. 41 (1893) 291-. 

— for furnace gases. Hauff, — . Z. Vr. 
Bflbenzuckin. 43 (1893) 399-. 

Gas and vapour densities. Begnault, V, A. 

G. 63 (1861) 45-. 
. Bunsen, B. W. A. G. Phm. 141 

(1867) 273-. 
. Mohr, C. F. Bonn 8b. Niedr. 

Gs. (1869) 73-. 
, manometrio estimation. Miiller, 

F. C. G. Z. Angew. G. (1890) 518-. 
Gas-barosoope. BodUinder, G. Berl. B. 27 

(1894) 2263-; Z. Angew. G. (1894) 426-. 
Gbkses at high temperatures. Crafu, J. M, 

G. B. 90 (1880) 309-. 

Immersed solids, measurement by. Fitzgerald, 

G. F. Dubl. 8. So. P. 4 (1885) 481-. 
Influence of deformation of bulb. Agamemume, 

G. Bm. B. Ac. Lino. Bd. 6 (1889) (Sem, 1) 

80-. 
Manometrio method. Becknagel, G. A. Ps. 

G. 2 (1877) 291-. 
Permanent gases. Meyer, V. Berl. B. 13 

(1880) 2019-. 
Pitch of pipes, measurements by. Jahoda, B. 

Wien Ak. Sb. 108 (1899) {Ab. 2a) 803-. 
Pressure of column of gas, apparatus for 

density of gases by measurement of. Edel- 

mann, M. T. Garl Bpm. 17 (1881) 261-. 
Simple gases. Zenneck, L. H. Baumgartner 

Z. 3 (1835) 145-. 



110 



0810 Density of Liquids 



DENSITY OF LIQUIDS. 

Bamtden, J. A. G. 13 (1792) 243-. 

Strecker, Alex, (ym) Bpm. Phm. 25 (1827) 

422-. 
Fownet, G, Phm. J. 2 (1843) 652-. 
ReuchaueTt C, [G.], dt Vogel, A, MUnoh. 

Gelehrte Az. 44 (1857) 436-. 
Tate, T. Ph. Mg. 17 (1859) 254-. 
Sigl, J. Bpm. Phm. 6 (1869) 234-. 
Sprengel, H. A. Pb. C. 150 (1873) 459-. 
Wright, C. E. A, 8. C. In. J. 11 (1892) 297-. 
Zaloziecki, R. Z. Angew. G. (1896) 552-. 
Alcoholic solutions, Tralles's investigations. 

Windisch, K. Berl. Gsndhamt. Arb. 9 (1894) 

1-. 
Alcoholometer, Atkins's. Fletcher, J, Nichol- 
son J. 2 (1802) 276-. 
Alcoholometers. Knoblauch, H. Bfalle Sb. 

Nf. Gs. (1859) 8-. 
— . JocoW, H, St. P6t. Ac. Sc. BU. 7 (1864) 

320-. 
— . MUlUr, J. A. Par. S. G. Bll. 7 (1892) 

492-. 
— , Atkins's system. Jaeohi, H, St. P^t. Ac. 

Sc. Bll. 7 (1864) 43a-. 
— , tables for. Trallet, J. G, Gilbert A. 38 

(1811) 349-. 
Apparatus. Amat, L. Par. S. G. Bll. 45 

(1886) 482-. 
— . Weber, L. Bresl. Schl. Gs. Jbr. (1888) 83-. 

— for liquids at temperatures other tiian 
atmospheric. Hannay, J, B, G. S. J. 12 
(1874) 203-. 

— , new. ZambeUi, L. [1888] Ven. I. At. 

(1888-89) 147-. 
— , — . Salomon, W. N. Jb. Mn. (1891) 

(Bd. 2) 214-. 
— , — . Lefebvre, M, Brux. S. Sc. A. 20 

(1896) (Pt. 1) 108-. 

Areometrio glasses, Wackenroder's, experiments 
with. Schr»n, H. L. F, (xn) Arch. Phm. 
79 (1842) 269- ; 81 (1842) 124-. 

— stanclara, necessity of common. Rubrom, 
M, Baumgartner Z. 7 (1840) 21-. 

BareoBCope for beet juice. FriJb,J, Z. Zuckin. 

Bdhm. 17 (1892-93) 98-. 
Blood, new method for. Haycraft, J. B, 

[1891] Edinb. K S. P. 18 (1892) 251-. 
Closed space, liquid in. Stamkart, F, J. 

Amst. Vs. Ak. 5 (1871) (Ntk,) 175- ; Aich. 

N6erl. 6 (1871) 217-. 
Densimeter, form. Chhtoni, C, Mil. I. Lomb. 

Bd. 12 (1879) 318-. 
— , Geissler's. Lefebvre, M. Gztg. Opt. 18 

(1897) 174-. 

— of liquid colmnns. Bertin, A. Erlenmeyer 
Z. 5 (1862) 33-; Strasb. S. H. Nt. Mm. 5 
{Livre 2 <& 3) (1862) 22 (&t<)-. 

. Thury, — . [1892] Arch. Sc. 

Pb. Nt. 29 (1893) 102-. 
— , pneumatic. Michaelis, H, (xn) Z. Instk. 

3 (1883) 268-. 
Densiscope, differential. Zantedetehi, F, Wien 

SB. 19 (1856) 237-. 
Density bottle. Campanile, F. N. Gim. 5 

(1897) 183-. 

11 



Hydrometers 0810 

Density bottle for liquids spontaneously in- 
flammable in contact with air. Tribe, A. 
Ph. Mg. 46 (1878) 308-. 

— ^^ — tropical climates. Warden, C, J, H. 
G. N. 60 (1889) 236-. 

Determination of densities to 4 and 5 figures. 

Waekenroder, H, W. F, (xn) Arch. Phm. 

124 (1853) 129-, 257-. 
Differential method of determination. Dittmar, 

W. G. N. 44 (1881) 51. 
Dilute aqueous solutions. Kohlrausch, F,, db 

HaUwachs, W, Gdtt. Nr. (1893) 350- ; A. 

Ps. G. 53 (1894) 14-, 1092. 

— solutions. Kohlratuch, F. A. Ps. G. 56 
(1896) 185-, 788. 

Efflux, density determined by rate of. Mohr, 

C. F, Pogg. A. 113 (1861) 156-. 
Glass beads, graduation, for densities of fluids. 

Ferguson, W. Dubl. J. Md. G. Sc. 2 (1833) 

11-. 
Height of fluid columns, measurement by, 

Bohn, C. Exner Bpm. 22 (1886) 402-. 

Hydrometers, 

Speer, W. TiUoch Ph. Mg. 14 (1802) 151-, 

229-. 
Barr4, J. A. J. de Ps. 57 (1803) 433-. 
Hare, R, Silliman J. 11 (1826) 115-. 
Marozeau, ~. J. Phm. 16 (1830) 482-. 
Roeter, G. Sperim. 26 (1870) 59-. 
Hinch, B, (xri) Arch. Phm, 209 (1876) 107-. 
(Werner.) Hirsch, B, (xn) Arch. Phm. 211 

(1877) 16-. 
Caaamajor, P. G. N. 37 (1878) 241-, 267-; 

38 (1878) 3-. 
Plato, — . D. Nf. Vh. (1893) (TK 2, HdlfU 1) 

23-. 
accuracy. Demichel, A. Mnlhouse S. In. BIL 

70 (1900) 277-. 
accurate, for any temperature. O* Toole, 

{Rev.) H, Dubl. S. Sc. P. 8 (1893-98) 753-. 
for alcohol and brandy, propoaJ by Gommis- 

sion. Stamp/er, S, Wien SB. (1849) {Ab. 2) 

304-. 
and alcoholometers, modification. WHdenttein, 

R. Fresenius Z. 1 (1862) 162-. 
barometric. PiUet, J. As. Fr. G. B. (1885) 

(Pt. 2) 246-. 
Baum^'s. Bordier, M. Bll. Phm. 4 (1812) 

151-. 
— . Neumann, A. Baumgartner Z. 3 (1835) 

372-. 
— . Pemberton, H. Am. J. Phm. 18 (1852) 1-. 
^. Baudin, — . G. B. 68 (1869) 932-. 
— . CouUer,—. Mm. Md. MU. 23 (1869) 368-. 
— . Chandler, C. F. Wash. Nat. Ac. Mm. 3 

{Pt. 1) (1885) 63-. 
— , for calculating quantity of sugar in solu- 
tions. Treviranue, L. G. Dingier 70 (1838) 

36-; 74(1839)421-. 
— , comparison of scale with density. Wigner, 

G. W, Anal. 5 (1880) 138-. 
— , verification. Almeida, J. C. d*, Berthelot, 

— , dt CotUier, — . J. Phm. 18 (1873) 257- ; 

G. B. 77 {IST6) 970-. 
Beck's. ZennecK, L. H. Baumgartner Z. 2 

(1833) 244-. 

1 



0810 Hydrometers 

Beck's, use instead of hydrostatic balance for 

liquids, theory to be applied in. Trautwein, 

J,B. Lieb. A. 25 (1838) 837-. 
comparison of densities by various. Oerlaeht 

Q. T. Dingier 198 (1870) 313-. 
constant volume. Ruau, L, C. B. 45 (1857) 

442-. 
construction and uses, with tables. San Mar- 

ttno, G. B, da. Verona Mm. S. It. 7 (1794) 

79-. 
and their correction. Weiruteirij B. Z. Ps. G. 

7 (1891) 71-. 
correction and forms. Ouglidmot G, Bm. B. 

Ac. Line. Bd. 8 (1899) {Sem. 2) 341- ; 9 (1900) 

{Sem. 1) 9-. 
— for temperature variation. Casamajar, P. 

Mon. Sc. 19 (1877) 862-. 
of corvette '* Witijaz,'' investigations with. 

Makarav, S, 0. Bs. Ps..C. S. J. 23 (Ps.) 

(1891) 324-; J. de Ps. 1 (1892) 400-. 
for densities to -0001. Planidvd, J. N, Baum- 

gartner Z. 2 (1833) 41-. 
which slightly exceed that of water. 

FeUenberg, L. R. von, [1858] Bern Mt. 

(1859) 1-. 
Derham's. Anon. Nt. 37 (1888) 497-. 
Dicas's Liverpool. Pile, W. H, Am. Phm. 

As. P. 9 (I860) 216-. 
differential. Fucha, P. Z. Angew. C. (1898) 

505-. 
— , of Fuchs. Domke, — . Z. Angew. C. 

(1899^ 370-. 
Fahrenneit's, modification. Niemann, J. H, 

Lieb. A. 2 (1832) 357-. 
— , — ; and new form of balance. Ouglielmo, 

Q. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 4 (1895) {Sem. 1) 

77-; Bv. Sc.-Ind. 27 (1895) 205-; 28 (1896) 

70-. 
form {drijfbalans). Harting, P. Utr. Aant. 

Prv. Gn. (1849) 6-. 
glass, simple method of graduating. Moore, C, 

Thomson A. Ph. 11 (1826) 261-. 
graduation, new method. Pouillet, C S, M. 

J. Phm. 36 (1859) 40- ; C. B. 56 (1863) 88&-. 
Imperial Normal-Standard Commission on. 

Kaiserl. Normal-Aichtmgs-Commisnon, Z. 

Angew. C. (1890) 382-. 
improvements. Aminif L. A. von. Qilbert 

A. 1 (1799) 412-. 
— . Mei8$ner, P. T. Trommsdorff J. Phm. 22 

(1813) 3-. 
inaccuracy. Rotter, G. Sperim. 25 (1870) 

265-. 
influence of capillarity. Langherg, C. (vm) 

Ps. Mdd. (1858) 1- ; (m) Pogg. A. 106 (1859) 

299-. 
-. Jacobi, H. [1871] St. Pet. Ac. Sc. 

Mm. (R8.) 20 (•1872) {App. No. 4) 97 pp.; 

St. P^t. Ac. Sc. Mm. 17(1872) (No. 5) 70 pp. 
. Duclaux, E. J. de Ps. 1 (1872) 

197-. 
. Coulier, — . J. Phm. 23 (1876) 

175-. 
— . Mentbrugghe, G. van der. Bruz. 

Ac. Bll. 16 (1888) 31-. 
and pressure of air. Stamkart, F. J. 

Amst. Vs. Ak. 1 (1866) (Ntk.) 320- ; Arch. 

N^rl. 1 (1866) 355-. 



Hydrometers 0810 

influence of dirt on surface. Marangoni, C 
(xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 12 (1880) 55-. 

international. Spence, F. 6. N. 55 (1887) 
240-. 

invisible. Parragh, G. Termt. K5b1. 21 
(1889) 121 ; Fschr. Ps. (1889) (Ah. 1) 889. 

manufacture. K&mer, F. Erdm. J. Tech. C. 

5 (1829) 331-. 

modification. Foord, G. [1871] Vict. B. S. 

T. 10 (1874) 113-. 
modulus. Waller, E., dt Hathaway, N. Sch. 

Mines Q. N. T. 6 (1885) 153-. 
new. Richter, J. B. Berl. Gs. Nt. Fr. N. 

Schr. 3 (1801) 329-. 
— . Lavigne, —. Mntp. Bee. Bll. 4 (1811) 

199-. 
— . Alexander, — . Pogg. A. 70 (1847) 137-. 
— . Sedlaczek, J. A. Ps. C. 158 (1876) 650-. 
— . Dahm, G. Dingier 228 (1878) 235-. 
— . Handl, A. Wien Ak. Sb. 92 (1886) (Ab. 

2) 433- ; 101 (1892) (Ab. 2a) 896-. 
— . Ldtka, W. Z. Instk. 9 (1889) 176. 

— (modification of Liiska's). Aubel, E, van. 
Par. S. Ps. S4. (1893) 235-. 

— . Lezi, R. Bv. Sc. 52 (1893) 220-. 

— . Lohnstein, T. Z. Instk. 14 (1894) 164-. 

— . Vandevyver, L. N, Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 34 

(1895) 409-. 
— . Sandrucci, A. N. Cim. 6 (1897) 25-. 
normal. Baumhauer, E. H, von. Pogg. A. 

113 (1861) 639- ; Arch. N^rl. 1 (1866) 338-. 
origin. SalverU, E. A. C. 27 (1798) 113-. 
reading. Marangoni, C. Bm. B. Ac. Line. 

Bd. 5 (1889) (Sem. 1) 657-. 
scale. WiU, G. As. Fr. C. B. (1884) (Pt. 2) 

132-. 
— , arbitrary. Piccini, A, (xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 

6 (1874) 249-. 

— of equal divisions. Gerlach, G. T, Fre- 
senius Z. 5 (1866) 185-. 

with 2 scales. Planidvd, J, N. Baumgartner 

Z. 2 (1833) 38-.. 
scales. Ranter, G. Z. Angew. C. (1897) 

215-. 
— , adoption of uniform and invariable. Witx, 

G. As. Fr. C. B. (1883) 355-. 
— , comparison. Midler, (Dr.) J. Lieb. A. 31 

(1839) 81-. 
— , — . Gerlach, G. T. Fresenius Z. 4 (1866) 

— , construction and testing. SchrSn, H. L. F. 
(xn) Arch. Phm. 83 (1843) 1-. 

— for densities of liquids and volume of the 
kilogramme. Jeannel, J. Bordeaux J. Md. 
4 (1859) 31-. 

— , graduation, new mode. Ricard, — . Caen 

Tr. (1811) 124-. 
— , — , . Smith, D.B. [1825] Philad. 

CoU. Phm. J. 2 (1831) 9-. 
— , — and testing. Neumann, A. Baum- 
gartner Z. 5 (1837) 76-. 
for sea water. Schiick, A. Z. Nw. 68 (1895) 

437-. 
. ThotUet, J. Bv. Mar. et Col. 124 

(1895) 696-. 
, table for reduction of observations. 

Tittmann, O. H. U. S. Coast Geod. Sv. Bll. 

No. 18 (1890) 175-. 



112 



0810 Hydrometers 

siphon-, to find temperatore of water at 

maximum density. MHkUt H, Tillooh 

Ph. Mg. 68 (1826) 166-. 
— , improved. MeihU, H, Ph. Mg. 4 (1828) 

25&-. 
siphon Qsed as. Meikle, H. Edinb. N. Ph. 

J. 2 (1827) 366-. 
soarces of error in using. Fock^ A, Z. Ps. C. 

2 (1888) 206-. 
standard. Q'dckel, H, Z. Angew. C. (1899) 

712-. 
and stereometers. Hachette, J. N, P, A. C. 

24 (1797) 833-. 
with temperature correction scale. Fuehs, P. 

Z. Angew. C. (1899) 16-. 
total immersion (Pisati system). Reggiani^ N, 

Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1890) (Sem. 1) 

99-. 
. Warrington, A. W, B. A. Bp. (1898) 

791 ; Ph. Mg. 48 (1899) 498-. 
, variable inclination and reflection hydro- 
meters. GuglielmOt O. Bm. B. Ac. Line. 

Bd. 9 (1900) (Sem, 1) 33-. 71-. 
Twaddle's. Dingier, E. M. Dingier 67 (1838) 

147-. 
universal. Lanier, — , BU. Phm. 4 (1812) 

307-. 
use. Maly, F. Z. Instk. 12 (1892) 61-. 
for variable volume and constant weight. 

Libert, — . Finist. S. Sc. Bll. 6 (Fasc. 2) 

(1884) 60-. 

Hydrometric measurements in glass vessels, 

temperature correction tables. Fucht, P. 

Z. Angew. C. (1898) 746-, 909-. 
Hydrometry. Hassenfratz, J. H, A. C. 26 

(1798) 3-, 132-, 188- ; 27 (1798) 118- ; 28 

(1798) 3-; 33 (1799) 3-. 

— (Hassenfratz). Schmidt, O. O. Gilbert A. 
4 (1800) 194-. 

— . Descroizillet, —. [1804] A. C. 68 (1806) 

237—. 
— . Bellani, A. Mil. G. S. Inc. 1 (1808) 229^. 
— . Delezenne, — . Lille Tr. (1819^22) 

48-. 
— . NohiU, A. [1829] Nap. At. I. Inc. 6 

(1884) 79-. 
— . O&ckel, H, Z. Ancew. C. (1898) 867-. 

— and the centigrade hydrometer. Franeanir, 
L, B, C. B. 14 (1842) 828- ; Par. Bll. 8. 
Encour. 41 (1842) 181-. 

— , formulflB of Tadmi and Eytelwein. Fran- 

chini, P. (vn) Bb. It. 6 (1842) 73-. 
— , graphic representation in. Meinecke, 

J. L, G, (vra) Bpm. Phm. 6 (1819) 

176-. 
— , sliding rod in. Haret R. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 

67 (1826) 266-. 
Instrument for density determinations. Ham, 

F. C. Gz. 2 (1844) 126. 
Liquid and gaseous carbon dioxide. Heen, P. de. 

Brux. Ac. Bll. 31 (1896) 379-. 

— metals, density and thermal expansion of 
certain. Vicentini, G., (& Omodei, D. [1887] 
Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 23 (1887-88) 38-. 

— methane, oxygen and nitrogen. Olszewski, 
K, Krk. Ak. (Mt.-Prz.) Bz. 14 (1886) 181-, 
197- ; A. Ps. C. 31 (1887) 68-. 



Density of Liqiiids 0810 

Liquids and bodies lighter than water. Hoekin, 
C„ dt Matthies$en, A. Lb. 1 (1867) 189-. 

— at their boiling points. Sehiff, R. Berl. B. 
14 (1881) 2761-. 

higher temperatures. Schiff, R, Berl. 

B. 18 (1886) 1638-. 

Litrameter. Hate, R, In Adds.) Ph. Big. 4 

(1828) 187-. 
Manometer, densities by. Schiff, H, Lieb. A. 

121 (1862) 82-. 
Mercury, density at 0^ C. Volkmann, P. A. 

Ps. C. 13 (1881) 209-. 
— , — in relation to barometric pressure. 

Marek, W, J, Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Bfm. 

2 (•1888) D. 18-. 
Method, new. CagnasH, M. (xn) Bv. Sc.- 

Ind. 11 (1879) 169-. 
— , — . Sommerkom, H. Berl. B. 13 (1880) 

143-. 
— , — . Sandrucci, A, Bv. Sc.-Ind. 19 (1887) 

66-. 
Oils. Dudley, C. P., dt Pecue, F, N. Am. 

Eng. A Bailroad J. 69 (1896) 449-. 
Pyknometer. Boot, J. C. G. Ztg.20(1896)616. 
— , glass, with constant volume and precision 

adjustment. Fuchs, P. Z. Angew. 0. (1898) 

369-. 
— , improved. VoelUr, F. Z. Angew. C. 

(1891) 401. 
— , — . Squihh, E. R. Am. C. S. J. 19 (1897) 

111-. 

— for light liquids. G'dckel, H, Z. Angew. 

C. (1899) 1194-. 

— measurements, temperature correction 
tables. Fuchs, P. Z. Angew. G. (1899) 26-. 

— , small variation in. Wiedemann, E, E, G. 

A. Ps. C. 17 (1882) 988-. 

— , SprengePs, modification. Minozzi,A, Bm. 

B. Ac. Line. Bd. 8 (1899) {Sem. 1) 460-. 

— , Wiedemann's, modification. Schulze, R, 

A. Ps. 0. 28 (1886) 144. 
Befraction of lignt, instrument for measuring 

by. Mcjon, G, Genova Mm. 8. Md. 1 

(1802) 49-. 
Salinometer for measuring density of brine in 

marine steam boilers. Russell, J. S. Edinb. 

N. Ph. J. 34 (1843) 278-. 
Sea water. Buchanan, J. Y. B. S. P. 23 

(1876) 301-. 
. Makarov, S. O. Bs. Ps.-C. 8. J. 23 

{Ps.) (1891) 80- ; Nt. 44 (1891) 369. 
. Anderson, W. S. Sc. Gg. Mg. 10 

(1894) 674-, 646. 
Variation of density produced by surface pres- 
sure in a liquid. Monti, V, Tor. Ae. Sc. 

At. 31 (1896) 160- or 194-. 
Viscous and frothy liquids. Genieser, A, Z. 

Angew. C. (1890) 44-. 

— substances. BrUhl, J. W. Berl. B. 24 
(1891) 182-, 2466-. 

. SchHbler, C. Berl. B. 24 (1891] 367-. 

Volumenometer, double, for liquias. iiaran- 

goni, C. N. Cim. 20 (1886) 112- ; 6 (1897) 

407-. 
Water. Stampfer, S. Wien Jb. Pol. I. 16 

(1830) 1-. 
— , pure, volume and density. Broch, 0. J. 

Par. Poids et Mes. Tr. Mm. 1 (*1881) A. 69-. 



VOL. III. 



113 



0810 



Density of Soiids 



0810 



DENSITY OF SOLIDS. 



TVottM, J, G. GUberi A. 27 (1807) 261-. 
BoM^A. Ao. Cm. Leop. N. Acta 9 (1818) 325-. 
0$atm, G. Pogg. A. 73 (1848) 605-. 
Laroque, F, Tool. Mm. Ao. 6 (1850) 152-. 
ilcmMmdt, A. Pogg. A. 99 (1856) 689-. 
DoMe, J.J„<t HtUehe$on, J, B. Glaag. Ph. 

8. P. 15 (1884) 82-. 
KUmMiSek. O. Arch. Phm. 226 (1888) 166- ; 

G. Ztg. 14 (1890) 233-. 
Leiek^ W. N.-Yorp. Mi. 27 (1896) 96-. 
Ntfyrwosnh D. Baoaiest Ac. Bom. A. 22 {Pt. 

admm.) (1900) 72-. 
Abaolate and specific weight of bodies in liquid. 

Mokr, C. F. Pogg. A. 112 (1861) 420-. 
precipitates in liquids. Fleck, 

H. Pogg. A. 113 (1861) 160-. 
(Fleck's method). 

Makr, C. F. Pogg. A. 113 (1861) 655-. 
. JToJW, E, Schlomilch 

Z. 7 (1862) 456-. 
Adhesion, detenninations affected by. Tufmer- 

wuam^J. Tnnnmsdorff N. J. Phm. 26 (1833) 

{St. 2) 98-. 
AUoys. MaUkiesMen, A' C. S. J. 5 (1867) 201-. 
Anpantos. EekfOdt, J, R., dt Dubois, W. E. 

Silliman J. 22 (1856) 294-. 
-.. FulUm, H. B. S. C. In. J. 11 (1892) 30^. 
— , portable. Richard$, J, W. Beig-Ehn. 

Ztg. 58 (1899) 327-. 
— for rapid determination. Brawn, M. W, 

N. Eng. L Mn. £. T. 36 (1887) 95-. 
Amhian determinations. Wiedemann, E. E, G. 

A. Ps. C. 20 (1883) 539-. 
AitBometer, new (yolomenometer). Say, H. 

A. C. 23 (1797) 1-. 
— , Bar's. Amim, L, A. wm. Gilbert A. 2 

(1799) 288-. 
— , — , improvement. MiUer, W, H. Ph. 

Mg. 5 (1834) 208. 
Barl^ and Scotch bigg, new instroment for. 

KntK G. 5. Edinb. Ph. J. 5 (1821) 178-. 
Cement. Piena, C. Bmz. A. Tr. Pbl. 3 (1898) 



Comotion. Oeatm, G. Kastner Arch. C. 2 

(1830) 58-, 271-. 
— , error in certain. Maeh, B, Carl i^m. 7 

(1871)877. 
drstals. Berkdeif, {Bmrl of). B. A. Bp. 

(1896) 887-. 
Deoomposable bodies. CkriUomamoe, A. C. 

Berl. B. 10 (1877) 782-. 
Densily bottle^ measoranent hj. Jenx$ek, G. 

Pogg. A. 99 (1856) 151-. 
for powders. Lomu, H, S. C. In. J. 18 

(1894)822-. 
Flotation, determination of densities by. 

SekafgoUck, F. vom. Pogg. A. 116 (1862) 

27»-. 
Gold coinage. Brodk, O. J. N. Mg. Ntrd. 21 

a876)86S~. 
— in flold^sihw alloys. LomU,H. [1893] Am. 

L Mh. E. T. 22 (1894) 117-. 724-, 775. 
GraTimeler, new, for wei^t and density al 

solids. BwtaaMMit, J. M. Edinb. J. Sc 

10 (1829) 907-. 



Hydrometer, differential, for powders. Fuehe, 

P, Z. Angew. C. (1898) 623-. 
— , Nicholson's, improved. Brifandon, — 

Lyon A. S. L. (1836) 15 pp. 

— for solids. Baumgartner, A. von. Baom 
gvtner Z. 1 (1826) 5-. 

. Buignet,—. J. de Ps. 9 (1880) 98- 

. Munroe, C. E. Smiths. Misc. CoL 

33 (1888) Art. 1, 26-. (Wash. Ph. S. BU. 6 

(1884).) 
, new form. Failyer, G. H. Kan, 

Ac. So. T. 11 (1889) 104. 
Ice. 08ann,G. Kastner Arch. C. 1 (1830) 95- 
— , 0°to-20°C. Brunner von Wattenwyll, C 

A. G. 14 (18^ 369-. 
— . Dufour, L. Bb. Un. Aich. 8 (1860) 89- 

14 (1862) 5-. 
— . NichoU, E. L. Ps. Bv. 8 (1899) 21-. 
Insoluble substances. Symone, W. H. Phm 

J. 19 (1889) 205-. 
Instrument for densities. Dunmngton, F. P 

C. N. 41 (1880) 154-. 
and weights. Fox, R. W, Cornwall 

Pol. S. Bp. (1847) 19-. 
, without weights or calculation. Adie, 

A. Edinb. Mm. Wem. S. 3 (1817-20) 495-. 
— , new, for solids, by measuring water dis- 
place. Baddeley, (Lt.) — . Silliman J. 18 

(1830) 263-. 
Masonry. Reuu, G. As. Fr. C. B. (1897) 

{Pt. 1) 184-. 
BAethod, new. LSvy, A. Quetelet Cor. Mth. 

6 (1830) 208-. 
— , — . Per$oz, J. Par. A. Cons. 5 (1864) 

532-; C. B. 60 (1865) 405. 
— , — . Sonstadt, E. C. N. 29 (1874) 127-. 
—, rapid. Lezi, R. Gto. Civ. 4 (188^-84) 

181. 
Minerals. F., O. Berg-Hm. Ztg. 48 (1889) 

35-, 50-. 
— , apparatus for minute fragments. La 

Touehe, T. D. Nt. 53 (1895-96) 199. 
— , , new. Piiom, F. C. B. 86 (1878) 

850-. 
Minute solids, density and mass. Gnglieimo, G . 

Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 9 (1900) {Sem. 2) 261-. 
Grganic solids. Sekrdder, H. Berl. B. 12 

(1879) 561-, 1611- ; 13 (1880) 1070-. 
PwoQS and friable substances. Poriie, [P.] 

(xn) Finist. S. Sc. BU. 4 {Faee. 2) (1882) 

45-; J. de Ps. 5 (1886) 222-. 

— substances. Reuoit, N. A. Faehr. Ps. 
(1889) {Ab. 1) 66. 

— ^, determination of density by enclosing in 
wax. Atekauer, J. F. Baumgartner Z. 4 
(1837) 176-. 

Poesible errcvs in determination. Pierrt^ F. 

(xn) Lotos 16 (1866) 22-. 
Powders. RMdorf,F. Beri. B. 12 (1879) 249-. 
.. Smeeth, W. F. [1888] Dnbl. S. Sc P. 6 

(1888-90) 61-. 
— . LenobU, E. A. C. AnaL 8 (1896) 861- ; 

4 (1899) 44-. 
— . Vandevyver, — . A. C. AnaL 4 (1899) 2-. 
~, apparatus for. LeaUe,J. QJ. Sc. 21 (1826) 

874-. 
— , . Broner, G. /. W. Bee. Tr. C. P.- 

Bas 17 (1898) 268-, 404-. 



lU 



0810 Density of Solids and Liquids 



Vapour Densities 0810 



Powders, heavy, small qoantities. Joly, J, Densimeter for solids and liquids. CaurUmne, 

Dabl. S. So. P. 5 (1886-87) 41-. H. J. de Ps. 5 (1896) 315-. 

Pyknometer. Berkeley, (Earl of). [1895] , new. Pdquet, E, Par. S. 

Mn. Mg. 11 (1897) 64-. G. BU. 24 (1875) 51-. 

— , modification. Ointl, W, F. Fresenius Z. , — . Machado, V. Lisb. J. Sc. 

8 (1869) 122-. Mth. 6 (1878) 285-. 

— , — . Kahlbaum, O, W, A. A. Ps. C. 19 Formula for density. Almeida^ C, A, M. de. 



(1888) 378-. 
— , physico-chemical. Arpago, R. Bv. Sc.- 

Ind. 25 (1893) 126-. 
Pyknoscope. Zenneck, L. H, Eastner Arch. 

Ntl. 14 (1828) 81-. 
Salts soluble in water. Andreae^ J. L, J. Pr. 

G. 30 (1884) 312-. 
. Retgers, J. W. Z. Ps. G. 3 

(1889) 289- ; 4 (1889) 189- ; 11 (1893) 328-. 
Seeds. Wolffemtein, O, (zn) J. Lndw. 23 

(1875) 401-. 
Soluble substances. Del Lvpo, M. (xn) Bv. 

Sc.-Ind. 13 (1881) 161-. 
, new method for. Zeknder, L. A. Ps. 

G. 29 (1886) 249-. 
SprengePs apparatus, modification. SolUu, — . 

Dubl. S. Sc. P. 6 (1886-87) 623-. 
Spring balance, densities by. CreighUm, H. 

QJ. Sc. 13 (1822) 257-. 
Substances with large pores. GuyUm de Mor- 

veau, L. B. A. G. 60 (1806) 121-. 
Volumenometer. See Ai^meter (Say). 
Volumenometer. Kopp.H, A. Q. 6 (1842) 380-. 
— . Raikow, P, G. Ztg. 12 (1888) 525. 
— . Murakdzy, K, [1890] F61. K6zl. 21 

(1891) 117- 148-. 
— , modified, application. Kdlecnruzky, S, 

[1890] F61. K6zl. 21 (1891) 109-, 142-. 
— , new. Tschaplowitz [Chaploviti], F, Fre- 
senius Z. 18 (1879) 440-. 
— , — . Paalzaw, C. A. A. Ps. G. 13 (1881) 

332- ; 14 (1881) 176. 
— , — . Murakdzy, K. Termt. Kdzl. 25 (1893) 

{Suppl.) 33-. 
— , — . Myers, J. E. [1893] L. Ps. 8. P. 

12 (1894) 372- ; Ph. Mg. 36 (1893) 195-. 
— , —. Oherbeck, A. A. Ps. G. 67 (1899) 209-. 

— for powders. Schumann, C, G. Ztg. 8 (1884) 
1778-. 

— , simple form. Linebarger, C. E. Am. G. 
S. J. 21 (1899) 435-. 

— and weighing apparatus, description. 

Angttr&m, K. Stockh. Ofv. (1895) 643-; 

Fschr. Ps. (1895) (Ah, 1) 24-. 
Volumenometers, new. Baumhauer, E, H, von. 

Arch. N^rl. 3 (1868) 385-. 
Wood. Anon, (vi 1239) TUloch Ph. Mg. 

57 (1821) 366-. 
Yttrium, zirconium and erbium. Meyer, 8, 

Wien Ak. Sb. 108 (1899) (Ah. 2a) 767- ; Mh. 

G. (1899) 793-. 

DENSITY OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS. 

Hare, R, SUliman J. 11 (1826) 121-. 
Apparatus. Nicol, W. W. J. G. N. 47 (1883) 

85-. 
—. Raikaw, P., dk Prodanow, N, G. Ztg. 10 

(1886) 1556. 
Areopyknometer with arbitrary scale. Piccini, 

A. (xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 11 (1879) 14-. 



[1879] Lisb. J. Sc. Mth. 7 (1880) 20-. 
Oravimeter for solids and liquids. Guyton de 

Morveau, L. B, Nicholson J. 1 (1797) 110-. 
Hydrometer for solids and liquids. Atkins, O. 

Tilloch Ph. Mg. 31 (1808) 254-. 
. Biervliet, — van, Brux. S. 

Sc. A. 14 (1890) (Pt. 1) 60-. 
Hydrostatic weighings. Lummer, O. Berl. 

Ps. Gs. Vh. (1887) 65 (6i#)-. 
, capillary influence. Mad de Lipinay, J. 

J. de Ps. 5 (1896) 266-. 
, difficulty. Mad de Lipinay, J. J. de 

Ps. 5 (1886) 416-. 
Ice and sea-water, density and volumes. Ashe, 

W. A. Science 10 (1887) 24. 
Instrument, new. Nicholson, W. [1785] 

Manch. Ph. S. Mm. 2 (1789) 386-. 
Method of determination. Gentili, — . J. 

Phm. 5 (1867) 401-. 
Pendulum, application. Serra-Carpi, G. 0. B. 

64 (1867) 659-. 
Pyknometer for volume and density of solids 

and liquids. Bensemann, R. Bpm. Anal. G. 

7 (1887) 19-. 
Volumenometer for solids and liquids. Kopp, 

H. Lieb. A. 35 (1840) 17-. 

VAPOUR DENSITIES. 

Couerhe, J. P. Bordeaux Act. (1840) 5-. 

SainU-Claire Deville, [J$.] H. G. B. 56 (1863) 

729-. 
Pfaundler, L. Innsb. Nt. Md. B. 1 (1870) 40-. 
CrouUebois, M. C. B. 78 (1874) 496-. 
(GrouUebois.) SainU-Claire Deville, E, H. 

G. B. 78 (1874) 534-. 
(Saint-Glaire Deville.) CrouUebois, M. C. B. 

78 (1874) 805-. 
Brahl, J. W, Berl. B. 9 (1876) 1368-. 
HautefeuiUe, — , <it Troost, — . G. B. 83 (1876) 

220-. 
Ciamician, G. L., dt Goldschmiedt, G. Wien 

Ak. Sb. 75 (1877) (Ab. 2) 431-. 
Meyer, V. Berl. B. 10 (1877) 206a-; 11 (1878) 

1867-. 
SainU-Claire DeviUe, E. H, G. B. 84 (1877) 

1256-. 
(Sainte-Glaire Deville.) Wurtz, C. A, 0. B. 

84 (1877) 1347-. 
Hofmann, A. W, Berl. B. 11 (1878) 1684-. 
Troost, L. J, G. B. 86 (1878) 331-, 1394-. 
Piccard, J, Berl. B. 13 (1880) 1079-. 
Dewar, J., d Scott, A. B. A. Bp. (1881) 597. 
Meyer, V. Berl. B. 15 (1882) 2775-. 
Pawlewski, B. (xn) Eosmos (Lw.) 8 (1883) 

93-; (X) Berl. B. 16 (1883) 1293-. 
Meyer, V. Berl. B. 19 (1886) 1861-. 
Nilson,L.F,,dbPettersson,0. A. G. 9 (1886) 554-. 
SchaU, C. Berl. B. 20 (1887) 1435-, 1759- ; 

21 (1888) 100-. 
Bott,W. G. S. P. 4 (1888) 110. 



116 



h2 



0810 



Vapour Densities 



0810 



Itichard9, T. W. 0. N. 69 (1889) 87-. 
Krause, A., d: Meyer, V. Z. Ps. C. 6 (1890) 

6-. 
SckaU, C, Berl. B. 38 (1890) 919-, 1701-. 
Lunge, G., dt Neuberg, 0. Berl. B. 24 (1891) 

729-. 
SchaU, C. J. Pr. C. 60 (1894) 87-. 
Winkler, L, W. C. Ztg. 23 (1899) 627. 
acoastic method. QoULeehmidt, H. Berl. B. 

13 (1880) 768-. 
apparatus. QrahowM, A. A. C. Phm. 138 

(1866) 174-. 

— (in barometric vacuum). Hofmann, A. W, 
D. C. Gs. B. 1 (1868) 198- ; 9 (1876)^1304-. 

— . Bolt, W,, dt Macnair, D. S. Berl. B. 

20 (1887) 916-, 1617. 

— . Dyton, G. C. N. 66 (1887) 88. 

— . Macnair, D. S. C. N. 66 (1887) 289. 

— . Marker, J. A. C. N. 62 (1890) 180. 

— for determination by Gay-Lussac's method. 
Warren, C. M. [1866] Am. Ac. P. 7 (1868) 
99-. 

— , Grabowski's, modification. PfaundUr, L. 

D. C. Gb. B. 6 (1872) 676-. 
— , Hofmann'B, modification. Wichelhatu, H, 

D. G. Gs. B. 3 (1870) 166-. 
— , — , — . Engler, C. Berl. B. 9 (1876) 

1419-. 
— , — , — . Muir, M, Af. P., cC* Suguira, S, 

C. B. J. (1877) (2) 140-. 
— , — , trough for. Eaaterfield, T. H, C, N. 

60 (1889) 260-. 
in barometric vacuum. BrUM, J, W. Berl. 

B. 12 (1879) 197-. 
Dulong's method. Dumae, J, B. C. B. 78 

(1874) 636-. 
Dumas's method, improved modification. 

Habemumn, J. [1876] Wien Ak. Sb. 74 

(1877) (Ab. 2) 423-. 
by gaseous displacement under varying pressure. 

Meunier, J. C. B. 98 (1884) 1268-. 
in glass vessels at boiling-point of selenium. 

Trooit, L. J, C. B. 96 (1882) 30-. 
at high temperatures. M^er, v,, db Beckling- 

haxuen, M, von, Berl. B. 30 (1897) 1926-. 
, of substances which attack mercury. 

Pfaundler, L. Berl. B. 12 (1879) 166-. 
history. Hofmann, A. W. Berl. B. 10 (1877) 

962-. 
— . Brown, J. T. B. A. Rp. (1879) 304-. 
Hofmann*s method. Oabba, L, Mil. I. Lomb. 

Bd. 2 (1869) 60-. 

u TUden, W. A. C. N. 37 (1878) 219. 

influence of shape of bulb. Biltz, H. Berl. B. 

21 (1988) 27.72-. 

Qf inorganic substances. Meyer, C, d' Meyer, 
V- Berl. B. 12 (1879) 609-, 1282-. 

^ at very high temperatures. Meyer, C , 

d Meyer, V. Berl. B. 12 (1879) 1112-. 

at low temperatures, V. Meyer's method, modi- 
fication. Perrenoud, P. Lieb. A. 187 (1877) 
77-. 

V. Meyer's method. Smith, Watson, C. N. 
39 (1879) 66-. 

. Willianu, C. G. C. N. 39 (1879) 

110. 

. Meyer, L. Berl. B. 13 (1880) 

991-. 



y. Meyer's method. Ekstrand, A, O., d Pet- 

teriton, O. Berl. B. 13 (1880) 1186-. 
modified. Gudeman, E. Am. G. S. 

J. 12 (1890) 899. 
-> for use under reduced pressoze. 

RUhards, T. W. C. N. 69 (1889) 89-. 
— , possible cause of error in. Piceard^ J. 

[1891] Laus. S. Vd. Bll. 27 (1892) 266-. 
. simplified. Schwarz, H. Berl. B. 16 

(1883) 1061-. 
(Schwarz). Meyer, V. Berl. B. 

17 (1884) 1334-. 
Naumann's method. Horstmann, A, Berl.B. 

11 (1878) 204-. 
of organic substances with high boiling points. 

Trooit, L. J. C. B. 89 (1879) 361-. 
Pettersson and Ekstrand's metnod, modifica- 
tion. SchaU, C. Berl. B. 18 (1886) 2068-. 
under reduced pressure. Malfatti, H., d 

Schoop, P. Z. Ps. C. 1 (1887) 169-. 

. Meyer, V. D. Nf . Tbl. (1889) 220. 

. SchaU, C, Berl. B. 22 (1889) 140-; 

23 (1890) 919- ; 26 (1892) 1489- ; J. Pr. C. 

46 (1892) 134- ; 62 (1900| 636-. 
, apparatus for. Eynman, J. F, Beri. 

B. 22 (1889) 2764-. 

, V. Meyer's method. Hoff, J. H. 

van't,dRomeny,J. (xn) Mbl. Nt. 8 (1878) 

136-. 
eaturated. Dupr6, A. C. R. 64 (1862) 972-. 
— , of liquids at difierent temperatures. Pirot, 

A. Nancy S. Sc. BU. (1886) (Faec, 20) 
xxxvn-. 

sources of error. Alexeew, W. Berl. B. 18 
(1886) 2898-. 

— — — in application of law of mixtures. 
HautefeuilU, — , d Trooet, — . C. R. 83 
(1876) 975-. 

stctfun, influence of hygroscopic character of 
glass on determination. Qrimaldi, 0,, d 
MacaluBo, D. Rm. R. Ac. Lino. T. 6 (1882) 
264-. 

— at all temperatures, apparatus for. Fair- 
bairn, W. Manch. Ph. S. P. 1 (1867-60) 70-. 

of substances boiling above 440° and of those 
attacking mercury or Wood's metal. Meyer, 

C, d Meyer, V. Berl. B. 11 (1878) 2263-. 
below their boiling points. Demuth, R,, 

d Meyer, V. Berl B. 23 (1890) 311-. 
vrith high boiling points. Meyer, V. 

Berl. B. 9 (1876) 1216-. 
. Klobukow, N. von, A. Ps. 

0. 22 (1884) 493-. 
, , under reduced pressure. 

La CosU, W, Berl. B. 18 (1886) 2122-. 
, -— . SchaU, C. Berl. 

B. 20 (1887) 1827-, 2127-. 

low boiling points. Klobukow, N, von, 

A. Ps. C. 22 (1884) 466-. 
and temperature of experiment, simultaneous 

determination. Nilson, L. F., d Petterewn, 

0. Stockh. Ak. Hndl. Bh. 11 (1887) No, 6, 

16 pp. 
in vapour of phosphorus pentasulphide. Knecht, 

W. [1879J Lieb. A. 202 (1880) 31-. 
of vapours which attack porcelain at red heat. 
. ZiibUn, H„ d Meyer, V. Berl. B. 12 (1879) 

2204-. 



116 



0810 Balance 

of volatile liquids, at temperatdres Mow boil- 
ing point. Playfaift L., <t Wankl\fn^ J. A, 
Edinb. B. S. T. 22 (1861) 441-. 

— water. Ward, F. O. C. N. 16 (1867) 15-, 
38-, 50-. 

at white heat, of elements and oomponnds. 
BUU, H., <t Meyer, V. G6tt. Nr. ^889) 847-. 

BALANCE. 

TrdUes, J. G. GUbert A. 29 (1808) 442-; 

30 (1808) 884-. 
PeaU, F, Franklin I. J. 14 (1847) 59-. 
WhUa, C. A. [1849] Helsingf. Acta 8 (1852) 

413-. 
Carl, P, Carl Bpm. 1 (1866) 7-. 
aocurate and convenient, new plan. LUdicke, 

M.A.F. Gilbert A. 1 (1799) 128-. 
large. Mendelsohn, N, Gilbert A. 29 

(1808) 153-. 
adjusting, for customs house officers and in-. 

specters. Hartig, T, Dresden Sb. Ids (1871) 

239-. 
adjustment device for. Green, F. T, Am. C. 

S. J. 16 (1894) 699. 

— of knife edges. Gauss, C. F, As. Nr. 14 
(1837) 241-. 

— , machine for. Hasemann, H, Z. Instk. 

14 (1894) 50-. 
aerometric, for density of air. Potter, R. Ph. 

Mg. 37 (1850) 81-. 
aerostatic, for density of gases. Lommel, E, 

A. Ps. C. 27 (1886) 144. 
analytical, dampmg arrangement. Arzherger, 

F. Lieb. A. 178 (1875) 382-. 

— , . GHger, — . * C. Ztg. 15 (1891) 476. 

— , improvements. Westphtd, G, Fresenius 

Z. 7 (1868) 294-. 
apparatus for interchange of pans. Classen, — . 

Z. Instk. 15 (1895) 101-. 
applications of principle. Strait, H. Silli- 

man J. 27 (1835) 92-. 
assay. Botelho de Lacerda, C. Lisb. Nim. 

Ac. Sc. 3 (1814) (pu, 2) 179-. 
— , auxiliary. Law, R. C. S. J. 69 (1896) 

526-. 
— , improved. Makins, G. H, C. S. J. 6 (1854) 

36-. 
— , improvements. Narci, C. P. T. J. Mines 

7 (1797-98) 455-. 
— , recent. Austin, L. S. [1897] Colo. So. S. 

P. 6 (1897-1900) 34-. 
automatic. Weber, L. [1893] Schl.-Holst. 

Nt. Vr. Schr. 10 (1895) 309. 

— exchange of pans. Stadthagen, H, Z. 
Instk. 20 (1900) 206-. 

axis correction, etc. Brauer, E, A. (xn) Z. 

Instk. 2 (1882) 385-. 
beam, best form. Kemot, W, C. [1880-94] 

Vict. R. S. T. 17 (1881) 19-; Vict. B. S. P. 

7 (1895) 141-. 
— , improved. Arzherger, J, Gilbert A. 46 

(1814) 294-. 
— , influence of bending. Pierre, V. Prag 

Sb. (1862) 13-. 
— , short (Schickert's). Hartig, T, Dresden 

Sb. Isis (1871) 56-. 
— , — . SartoHus, F. C. Ztg. 9 (1885) 1299. 



Balance 0810 

beams of aluminium. Freriehs, F, T, Lieb. 

A. 178 (1875) 365-. 
— , Emery's support. Sehwirkus, G. Z. Instk. 

4 (1884) 261-. 

— of steel, influence of magnetism. Studer, 
J. G. GUbert A. 13 (1803) 122-. 

chemical. Dittmar, W. (xn) Z. Instk. 1 

(1881) 313- ; 2 (1882) 68-. 
— . Hase, R. Z. Angew. C. (1898) 786-. 
— , effect of flexibiaty. Proctor, B. 8. [1876] 

Newcastle C. 8. T. 3 (1877) 183-. 
— , new; theory of construction of balances. 

Cooke, I, B, Phm. J. 1 (1860) 860-. 
construction. Kater, H. [18^1] QJ. Sc. 12 

(1822) 40-. 
— , new methods. Weber, W. E. Gdtt. Cm. 

8 (1832-37) {Ps.) 81-. 

curve of accuracy. GaUois, F. L. von. Pogg. 

A. 116 (1862) 339-. 
dead-beat. Tait, P. G. Edinb. B. S. P. 8 

(1875) 490-. 
deuoate, construction. CampbeU, Jhn. Calc. 

J. NH. 2 (1842) 842-. 
— , suggestions on use. Rayleigh, (Lord). B. 

A. Bp. (1883) 401-. 
for delicate weighing. Braddock, J. liadras 

J. 2 (1835) 86-. 
demonstration-. Anon. C. Ztg. 11 (1887) 

1396. 
for density determinations. RoncaUi, An. (xn) 

Bv. Sc.-Ind. 6 (1874) 67-. 
Barnard, F. A. P. Wash. Nat. Ac. 

Ifm. 4 {PL 1) (1888) 203-. 
, new. There, J. Dax S. Borda Bll. 

(1887) 131-. 
of gases. Lux, F. Fresenius Z. 26 

(1887) 38-. 
, Lux's. Anon. 0. N. 58 (1888) 

4-. 
, new. Lux, F. Fresenius Z. 29 

(1890) 13-. 
, solids and liquids. Maehado, V, 

[1881] Lisb. J. Sc. Mth. 8 (1882) 97-. 
liquids. Westphal, G. Fresenius Z. 

9 (1870) 233-. 

minerals and other solids heavier than 

water. Paruh, R. Am. J. Sc. 10 (1875) 

352-. 
with double suspension. Douelet, — . A. 

Mines 9 (1836) 127-. 
dynamical. Buquoy, G. von. Oken Isis (1824) 

938-. 
for elementary use. Linebarger, C. E. Am. 

C. S. J. 21 (1899) 81-. 
estimation of small excesses of weight by, from 

time of vibration and angular deflection. 

P&ynting, J. H. [1878] Manch. Lt. Ph. S. 

Mm. 7 (1882) 23-. 
flsh-rod. Riddell, J. L. Silliman J. 26 (1858) 

71. 
hydrostatic. Fahbroni, G. Siena At. Ac. 9 

(1808) 188-. 
— . BarrS, J. A. Orleans Bll. 4 (1812) 

278-. 

— (Barr^). Ampere, A. M. Par. Bll. S. 
Encour. 13 (1818) 77-. 

— . Desbordeaux, A. Caen Mm. Ac. (1849) 
420-. 



117 



0810 Balance 

hydzostatio. Buchanan, J. Y. D. C. Gs. B. 

4 (1871) 88S-. 
— , accurate form. Joly, J, [1886] Dabl. 

S. Sc. P. 6 (1886-87) 347-. 
— , and adjoncte. Sartorius, F. Z. Instk. 18 

(1893) 388-. 
— , for densities of liquids. Autenrieth, O. 

Dingier 159 (1861) 109-. 
— , experimental veoifioation of principle of. 

Pd^t, ± J. de Ps. 10 (1891) 340-. 
— , extremely cheap and delicate. Ritchie, W. 

Edinb. J. So. 5 (1826) 118-. 
— , modifications. Sartoriut, F, C. Ztg. 9 

(1885) 1374-. 
— , new. Oerland, B, W. S. C. In. J. 17 

(1898) 13. 
—, use. Him, Q. A, A. G^n. Civ. 2 (1863) 

[pU, 2) 113-, 153-. 
Euhlmann's. Gerland, B. W. S. G. In. J. 

14 (1895) 551-. 
— technical. Gerland, B, W. S. C. In. J. 

12 (1893) 995-. 
limit of accuracy at present attainable. Seidel, 

L, Miinch. Sb. (1867) (2) 231-. 
magnetic, for weights. Fox, R, W. Sturgeon 

A. Electr. 1 (1836-37) 494-. 
mercury. Homer, J, K, Gilbert A. 68 (1821) 

101-. 
for metallurgical purposes. Rinman, C. (sen.) 

Jem-Kont. A. 3 (1819) 106-. 
method of using with great delicacy. Poynting, 

J. H. [1878] R. S. P. 28 (1879) 2-. 
modification. Mohr, C. F, Pogg. A. 25 (1832) 

266-. 
Mohr*s, densities determined by. Demichel, 

— . A. C. Anal. 5 (1900) 287-. 
— , modification. Ouglielmo, O. Bv. Sc.-Ind. 

26 (1894) 177-. 



Balance 0810 

new form, and its adjustment. QirgenMohn^ T. 
St. P^t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 5 (1839) 177-. 

— forms, Nemetz's. Pen»ky, B, Z. Instk. 12 
(1892)221-; 14(1894)325. 

oscillation. Stamiart, F. J, Amst. Vh. 1 

(1849) 63-. 
— . MendelSeff, D. B. S. P. 63 (1898) 454-. 
-^ and equilibrium. Thiesm, M, Par. Poids 

et Mes. Tr. Bim. 5 (1886) 40+xzm pp. 

— period, means for reducing. Verbeek, A, 
Dingier 304 (1897) 156-. 

, theory. Ancn, Dingier 307 (1898) 

225-, 249-. 
platform. Hoffmann, C. Pogg. A. 64 (1845) 

317-. 
— . Endlweber, J. Carl Bpm. 15 (1879) 607-. 

of precision. Sacri, A. Brux. Ac. Bll. 12 

(1845) 17. 
. Arzherger, F. Brfinn Vh. 14 (1875) 

(Ab.) 157-. 
. Redan, L. As. Fr. C. B. (1878) 

315-. 
. SerHn, V. C. B. 112 (1891) 1299, 

1480. 
. Leick, — . N.-Vorp. Mt. 26 (1895) 

XVI. 

— — , adjustments and suspensions. Sauier, 
A, Gztg. Opt. 15 (1894) 232-. 

— — , Bunge's, theory. Bunge, P. Cztg. 
Opt. 5 (1884) 220-, 229-. 

, construction and adjustment. Sckultze, 

P. Z. Instk. 12 (1892) 97-. 

— — , — — verification, Brauer's methods. 
Lermantov, V. V, (xn) Bs. C. Ps. S. J. 9 
{Ps,) (1877) [{Pt. I)] 326-. 

— — , direct reading, aperiodic. Curie, P. 
C. B. 108 (1889) 663-; Par. S. Ps. S6. 
(1889) 218-. 



— , — , and apparatus for volume of solids. , — — , — , Curie's. Ledeboer, P. H. 

Ouglielmo, O. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 3 Lum. illect. 36 (1890) 161-. 



(1894) {Sem. 2) 299-. 
must-, Oechsle, reliability. Weigelt, C, H, 

C. CB. 2 (1871) 604-. 
new. Montu, — . Par. S. Phlm. Bll. 1 (1797) 

108-. 
— . TraUes, J. G. [1805] Berl. Ab. (1804-11) 

{Mth.) 65-. 
— . Joule, J. P. Manch. Lt. Ph. S. P. 5 

(1866) 145, 165. 
— . Mendel^eff, D. I. Les Mondes 36 (1875) 

335-. 

— (MendelejefF's). SaUeron, J, C. B. 80 
(1875) 37&-. 

— . JSger, H. Carl Bpm. 13 (1877) 288-. 
— . Krusp^r, J. [1878] (xn) Mag. Tud. 

Ak. ±\k. (Mth.) 6 (1879) (No, 6) 20 pp. ; (x) 
A. Ps. C. Beibl. 4 (1880) 638-. 
— . PeUat, — . Par. S. Ps. S6. (1889) 93. 

— (pondSrateur), Serrin, V. Par. S. Ps. S6. 
(1890) 106. 

— arrangements for. Bunge, P. Z. Instk. 14 
(1894) 131-. 

— form. Bunge, P. Carl Bpm. 3 (1867) 
269-. 

(Boberval). Picart, A. C. B. 96 (1883) 

1782- ; 97 (1883) 8fr-, 252. 
. PhiUipi, H. J. C. N. 72 (1895) 16. 



~~ — , new arrestment. Lannoy, S, de» Z. 

Instk. 17 (1897) 261-. 
, — construction. Krutpir, I. [1886] 

Mth. Termt. 6ts. 5 (1887) 70-; Mth. Nt. B. 
Ung. 5 (1886-87) 1-. 

— — , optical apparatus for rapid weighing. 
Collot, A, C. B. 112 (1891) 99-. 

, reading arrangement. Spoerhaee, W, 

Z. Instk. 16 (1896) 167-. 

— recent construction, description. Bunge, P. 
Carl Bpm. 16 (1880) 372-. 

reflection-. Wartmann, A, [1841] Gen. Blm. 

S. Ps. 11 (1846) 115-. 
— . Qrassi, G. N. Cim. 11 (1874) 195-, 

217-. 
registering. Sprung, A. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. 

(1887) 13 (bis)-; Z. Instk. 8 (1888) 17-. 
Boman (or steel-yard). Ferroni, P. Mod. S. 

It. Mm. 17 (1816) 417-. 

— ( — — — ), ancient. Commaille, A, J. 
Phm. 44 (1863) 490-. 

— ( ■), improvements by Paul. Pictet, 

M,A, J. Mines 8 (1797-98) 671-. 

— ( — — — ), micrometric. Boureart, R, 
[1888] Mulhouse S. In. Bll. 59 (1889) 31-. 

— ( ) , modification. HassenfraU , J, H. 

J. Mines 8 (1798) 683-. 



118 



0810 Balance 

Boman (or steel-yard), new, report to Bureau 
Consultatif de» Poids et Metures. Oattey, — . 
J. Mines 8 (1797-98) 691 -. 

— ( ) and ordinary, levers used in oon- 

stmotion and verification. Defnanot, — . 
Auvergne A. So. 26 (1863) 273-. 

— ( ), theory. Piekel, I. Miinoh. D. 

(1814-15) 83-. 

scientific, oonstmction and use. Sehvnrkiu, O. 
Z. Instk. 7 (1887) 41-, 83-, 412-. 

sensitive and convenient, serving also as mag- 
netometer. LampaditUf W. A, Schweigger 
J. 10 (1814) 171-. 

simple. Black, Jog. [1790] Thomson A. Ph. 
10 (1825) 52-. 

— substitution-. Lohnsteint T. C. Ztg. 20 
(1896) 572-. 

soaroes of error. Hennigj R, Z. Instk. 5 

(1885) 161-. 
spiral. CroM, C, F, C. N. 44 (1881) 101-. 
support. Prony, R. de, A. C. 36 (1800) 50-. 
tangential, direct reading of densities by. 

Zenger, C. W, [1871] Prag Ab. 5 (1872) 

51 pp. 
temperature change in sensitiveness. Middel, 

T. A. Ps. 2 (1900) 115-. 
theory. Rheinauer,J. A. Ps. C. 133 (1868) 179-. 

— (Rheinauer). MUller, J. A. Ps. C. 133 
(•1868) 682-. 

— (Miiller). Rheinaver, J, A. Ps. C. 135 
(1868) 33^. 

— . Sludskil, T. A. (xn) Bee. Mth. (Mosoou) 

4 (1869-70) (PU 2) 111-. 
— . AldU, W. S. [1876] Newcastle C. S. T. 

3 (1877) 15I-, 161-. 
— . Moors, B. P. N.Arch.Wisk. 12 (1886)216-. 

— and use. Schdnemann, T, Grunert Arch. 
24 (1855) 264-. 

vacuum, Bunge*s. Marek, W, Par. Poids et 

Mes. PV. (•1881) 45-. 
— , new. Kruspir, S. Z. Instk. 9 (1889) 81-. 
verification and correction. UHomme, — de, 

he Puy 8. Ag. A. (1828) 174-. 
vibrationless support. Marek, W, Z. Instk. 

9 (1889) 175-. 
and weighing. Zech, P. Carl Bpm. 5 (1869) 

102-. 
, theory. Thiesen, M, F, (xn) Z. Instk. 

2 (1882) 358-; 3 (1883) 81-. 
and weights. Schwirktu, G. (xn) Z. 

Instk. 1 (1881) 84-, 124; 2 (1882) 310-. 
and weights, etc. Stas, — . Par. Poids et 

Mes. PV. (♦1875-76) 87-. 

Balances and weights, report on those used by 

the Commission. Chisholm, H. W. A. 

Cons. Arts et M6t. 10 (^1873) 111-. 
Coins, machine for weighing. Seguier, A, C. 

B. 31 (1850) 188-. 
Gold bullion assay, new method of weighing 

for. Foord, G. [1875] Vict. B. S. T. 12 

(1876) 93-. 
Grain, instrument for measuring. (Chondro- 

meter.) Ovenden, — , dt Payne, — . 

Nicholson J. 34 (1813) 198-. 
Scale, assorter's, and weighing machine, of 

Madras mint. Smith, J. T. Madras Eng. 

Bp. 2 (1846) 169-. 



Measurement of Velocity 0820 

Soale-beam, oonstrnotion. Dearborn, B, Bost. 

Mm. Am. Ac. 3 (1809) 40-. 
Steel-yard, Aristotle's. CappeUet J. P. van, 

Amst. Ts. Nt. Wet. (1810-11) 305-. 
Weigh-bridge. Rose, W. N. Amst. Ts. Ws. 

Nt. Wet. 1 (1848) 172-. 
, Guillaumin's. Pr. Dingier 269 (1888) 

49&-. 
, new. Steinheil, C. A. von, Wien SB. 

(1850) {Ah. 2) 398-. 
, tneory. Endlweber, J. Exner Bpm. 21 

(1885) 637-. 

— — , — and construction. Mohr, C. F, 
Dingier 78 (1840) 195-. 

Weighing, approximate, apparatus. Ha^e, R, 
Cztg. Opt. 19 (1898) 191. 

— machine, compound ipasade), theory. 
Moore, B, P. N. Arch. Wisk. 3 (•1877) 
33-, 97-. 

, Quintenz. £.... Crelle J. 1 (1826) 

157-. 

— — , — (or decimal). RUhlmann, — . 
Dingier 132 (1854) 255-. 

, __. Rittershaus, T, Civing. 21 (1876) 

46-. 
, theory and description. Schdnemann, T. 

Wien D. 8 (1854) (Ah, 2) 1-. 

— machines. Kent, W. Franklin I. J. 126 
(1888) 169-. 

, sensibility. Sch»nemann, T, [1852] 

Wien D. 5 (1863) 157-. 
, — (Schdnemann). Ettingshaueen, A . von. 

Wien Sb. 8 (1852) 442-. 

— and reooroing machine, electrical. Me- 
Garvey, E. [1900] Sc. Abs. 4 (1901) 6. 



0820 Measurement of Velocity^ 
Acceleration, Energy of Visible 
Motion. 

MEASUBEMENT OP VELOCITY. 

Aerostat, apparatus for. Leloup, J. A^r. (1896) 

123-. 
Apparent motions of objects. Van Dyck, F. C. 

(xn) Am. Mcr. J. 3 (1882) 72-. 
Cycles. Guenn, V. Bv. Sc. 42 (1888) 112-. 
Difficulties in calculation. Dennjf, W, Glasg. 

I. Eng. T. 18 (1875) 193-. 
Electric sparks, photography by, application. 

HermiU, G. C. B. 106 (1888) 661-. 
Engineering purposes, measurement for. [Hele] 

Shaw, H. S, I. CE. P. 69 (1882) 364-. 
Explosive waves, chronographio measurements 

of velocity. Smith, F. J. B. S. P. 46 (1889) 

451-. 
Indicating and recording apparatus, theory. 

HeUShaw,H,S. [1884] Bristol Nt. S. P. 4 

(1885) 130-. 
Indicator of velocity and distance, by resistance 

of air. (Velodometer.) La Valette, H. de. 

G6n. Civ. 27 (1895) 11-. 
Intermittent light, use in measuring rapid 

motions. HermiU, G. C. B. 103 (1886) 412-. 
Xinemometer. Jodsquemier, R. Bv. Mar. et 

Col. 58 (1878) 265-; 94 (1887) 861-. 



119 



0880 RaimHon Velocity 

Pendulum, applioation. Bouehepam, — . C. B. 

86 (1853) 881-. 
■ — movements, velocity recorder in. Lecafjne, 

J., db Leearme, L, C. B. 124 (1897) 356. 
Photographic analysis of movements. Matey ^ 

—. J. de Ps. 3 (1884) 199-. 

— methods. Heun, K, Z. Mth. Ps. 44 (1899) 
18-. 

Pomping-engine velocity diagrams. Baird^ D. 
Fed. I. Mn. E. T. 9 (1895) 138-. 

Bapid movements, especially periodic, observa- 
tion. PlaUau, J. A. F. Brox. Ac. BU. 6 
(1883) 484-. 

Becorder, new, and application to anemometry. 
Or^th$, J. A. N. S. W. B. S. J. 28 (1894) 
281-. 

ROTATION VELOCITY. 

Dolbear, A, E, Am. J. So. 3 (1872) 24&-. 
SchuUer, A, A. Ps. C. 146 (1872) 497-. 
Clarke, O, S., d McLeod, H. B. S. P. 26 

(1878) 157-. 

Jone$, J. V. Card. Nt. S. T. 20 (1889) 30. 
by centrifugal speed gauge. Prytz, K, Z. 

Instk. 11 (1891) 889-. 
counter, differential, mechanism and use. 

Valessie, — . 0. B. 86 (1878) 1116-. 
— , — , Valessie's (report). Dupuy de Ldme, — . 

C. B. 86 (1878) 1364-. 
— , — , — . Jourden, L. [1881] Bv. Mar. et 

Gol. 74 (1882) 55-. 
— , for motors. O^rard, A, Bruz. Ac. Bll. 47 

(1879) 47-. 

of disks, etc. Werner, — , Berl. Pol. Gs. Vh. 

22 (1861) 127-. 
indicator. Bemardi, E, Yen. 1. At. 6 (1880) 

778-. 
— . Lambinet, — . Bv. Mar. et Col. 81 (1884) 

879-. 
— . Samean, (le U.) O. Bv. Mar. et Col. 116 

(1893) 39-. 
— . Anuler, A. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 32 (1894) 

291- . 
— . TStot, V. Bv. Bfar. et Col. 128 (1896) 434-. 
— , electric. Anon, Tel. J. 15 (1884) 469. 
— , — . Dary, G, 8c. Abs. 1 (1898) 673. 
— , — . Browne, W. H. {Jun,) Sc. Abs. 2 

(1899) 432. 
— , electromagnetic. Claude, O. Sc. Abs. 1 

(1898) 97-. 
— , magnetic. Deprex, M, Lum. Elect. 3 

(♦1881) 407-. 
— , pneumatic. Rung, (Capt.) G. Z. Instk. 6 

(1886) 201-. 

— for snips* screw propellers. CampheU, (Sir) 
A., db Goolden, W. T, L. Ps. S. P. 6 (1885) 
147- ; Ph. Mg. 18 (1884) 57-. 

. Drouet, (le It.) G, Bv. Mar. 

et Col. 118 (1893) 458-. 
indicators. Richard, G, Lum. Elect. 15 (1885) 

258-, 295-; 34 (1889) 101-. 
— , new. Richard, — . Cg. Int. Chron. (1889) 

205-. 
means of producing constant. Webster, A, G. 

Am. J. Sc. 8 (1897) 879-. 
periods. Pry te, iT. [1890] Kjffb. Dn. Yd. Selsk. 

Skr. 7 (1890-94) 85-. 



SMps' Velocity 0880 

spiral goniometry in relation to. Barue, C. 

. Am. J. Sc. 48 (1894) 1-. 

stroboscopic measurements. EtHngahmuen, A, 

von. Carl Bpm. 12 (1876) 1-. 
tachometer. Doakin, B, Tillooh Ph. Big. 38 

(1811) 42-. 
— . Thomae, A. As. Fr. C. B. (1874) 164-. 

— . Sartiaux, E. Lum. iilect. 18 (1884) 

340-. 
— . Kdi, A. Oestr. Z. Bigw. 41 (1898) 471-. 
— (YedovelU's). ThuilUer, O. Par. S. Ps. 

S^. (1899) 50*. 
— , differential. Fuchs, K. Elektteoh. Z. 9 
. (1888) 300-. 
— , electric. Picou, R. V. Lum. Elect. 29 

(1888) 41&-. 
— , — hand. Feeeenden^ R, A. Sc. Abe. 3 

(1900) 170-. 
', registering. Anon. Elekttech. Z. 7 (1886) 

126-. 
testing and study. Gdpel, F. Z. Instk. 16 (1896) 

3a-. 
and torsion, telephonic indicator. Reeio, C. 

C. B. 94 (1882) 854-; Lum. l^lect. 6 (*1882) 

399-. 
variable, new system for imparting and record- 
ing. Beaumont, M. W, Elect. 17 (1886) 

364-. 
variations, in motors. LSautS, H, G^. Civ. 

12 (1887-88) 163. 
— , . Bourcart, R. Mulhouse S. In. 

Bll. 63 (1898) 418-. 
— , small. Anthony, W. A. Am. As. P. (1886) 

118-. 

Bunning, instrument recording velocity. Marey, 
E. J. C. B. 104 (1887) 1582-. 

Seismic movement, velocity, and acceleration 
of wave-particle, determination, Indian 
observations, 1897, and formulas. Oldham, 
R. D. I. Gl. Sv. Mm. 29 (1899) 844-. 

SHIPS' VELOCITY. 

Hamill, H. Nicholson J. 14 (1806) 848-. 
Mayette, J. M&con Ac. A. 6 (1888) 341-. 
currents, etc., instrument for. Napier, J. R. 

Glasg. Ph. S. P. 3 (1848-53) 350-. 
indicator. Rutsell, J. S. B. A. Bp. (1842) 

ipt. 2) 109. 
instrument for. Hopkinson, F. [1788-90] 

Am. Ph. S. T. 2 (1786) 159- ; 3 (1798) 289-. 
. Cooke, J. Nicholson J. 5 (1802) 48-, 

265-. 
. Bumey, J. Nicholson J. 24 (1809) 

57-. 
, and governor of engines. Lambinet, E, 

Bv. Mar. et Col. 95 (1887) 177-. 
, by log-line. Newman, J. QJ. So. 2 

(1817) 90-. 
instruments for. Brit. Ait. Comm. B. A. Bp. 

(1879) 210-. 
. Gelcich, E. Z. Instk. 4 (1884) 281-, 

274. 
. Pressure-log experiments. Froude, W. 

B. A. Bp. (1874) 255-. 
log. Gould, C. GUbert A. 8 (1801) 474-. 



120 



0820 Ships' Velocity 

log. Gelcich, E, Z. Instk. 5 (1885) 394-. 
— . BatOe, {le It.) A. By. Max, et Col. 112 
(1892) 374-; 120 (1894) 116-. 

— and anemometer and warning compass. 
FUuriaU, G. Rv. Mar. et Col. 71 (1881) 488-. 

— , correction of errors. Keller ^ F. A, E, 
(yi Add$,) A. Hydrog. 14 (1858) 887-. 

—, electric. Hubbard, S. Science 8 (1886) 258-. 

— , — . Fleuriais, G. Rv. Mar. et Col. 100 
(1889) 329-. 

— , — . Le Goarant de TTomeHn, {le It.) G. 
Rv. Mar. et Col. 110 (1891) 302-. 

— , — , automatic. Rieart Giralt, J, [1893] 
Barcel. Ac. Bl. 1 (1892-1900) 122-. 

— , — , on principle of Robinson cup anemo- 
meter. Fleuriait, G, Rv. Mar. et Col. 63 
(1879) 465-; C. R. 96 (1883) 1633-. 

— , — , . Le Goarant de 

Tramelin, G. C. R. 96 (1883) 1441-. 

— , — , . SoulageMf C. C. 

Lum. Elect. 14 (1884) 165-, 260-. 

— , hydrostatic. Berthon, E. L, R. S. P. 5 
(1850) 919. 

logs, electric. Richard, G, Lum. Elect. 21 
(1886) 396-. 

— , pressure-. Napier, J. R. [1872] Glasg. 
Ph. S. P. 8 (1873) 146-. 

and velocity or wind. Paris, {le It.) A. Rv. 
Mar. et Col. 87 (1885) 5- ; 88 (1886) 78-. 

Steam-engine, piston, instrument for. Tre- 

gaskis, R. Cornwall Pol. S. T. (1842) 11&-. 
Tables of velocities in metres per second. 

Jackson, J. Mntp. S. Lang. Gg. Bll. 11 

(1888) 461-. 
Trains. F^vre, — . Par. A. Pon. Chauss. 12 

(1836) 345-. 
— . Haedenkampf H, Grunert Arch. 6 (1845) 

172- . 
— . Steimr, F, Rv. Sc.-Ind. 16 (1884) 320-. 
~. Hosier, G. Bern Mt. (1889) vi-. 
— , registering apparatus. Desdimits, — . A. 

Pon. Chauss. (1900) {Trim, 2) 168-. 
— , , electric. Waldorp, H, Lum. Elect. 

8 (♦1883) 84-. 
— , , — . Frischen, C. Elekttech. Z. 7 

(1886) 159-. 
— , tachometer for. Deneil, — . A. Mines 2 

(1852) 217-. 
Tuning-forks, tests of variation by. G'dpel, F, 

[1900] Sc. Abs. 4 (1901) 318-. 

MEASUREMENT OF ACCELERATION. 

Acceleration, geometrical treatment. Dobbs, 
W. J. Mth. Gz. 1 (1900) 201-. 

— and pressure meter. Hrabowski, K, A. Ps. 
C. 56 (1895) 768-. 

Atwood's machine. Praag, L. S. van, Leijd. 

A. Ac. (1817-18) 24 pp. 
, and apparatus for pendulum experiments. 

Fischer, E. G, GUbert A. 14 (1803) 1-. 

— — , application. Pfaundler, — . Innsb. 
Nt. Md. B. 14 (1884) xxm. 

and clock, new. Baker, W. C, Ps. Rv. 

11 (1900) 105-. 
'— — , determination of friction resistances in. 

Bender, C, A. Ps. C. 149 (1873) 122-. 



Measurement of Acceleration 0820 

Atwood's machine, elasticity of ootd in. 

Bouniakowsky, V, [1831] St P6t. Ac. Sc. 

Mm. 2 (1833) 179-. 
, atting for. BiquiS, A. J. de Ps. 2 

(1883) 323-. 
, nlstorical note. Metx, G. G, de. Rs. 

Ps.-C. S. J. 28 {Ps,) (1896) 33-; J. de Ps. 

6 (1897) 604. 
, influence of wheel. KUlp, L, Arch. 

Mth. Ps. 54 (1872) 206-. 

— — , measurement of gravity by. Metz, 
G. G. de. Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 27 {Ps,) (1896) 
37-; Fsohr. Ps. (1896) (^6. 1) 255. 

, . Malagoli, R. Rv. Sc. Ind. 

29 (1897) 275-; Spet. It. Mm. 28 (1900) 
174-, 199-. 

— — , modification. Dupri, — . Pogg. A. 
58 (1843) 466-. 

, — . Poggend&rff, J. C. Berl. B. (1853) 

627-. 

,— . MonU,P, N. Cim. 11 (1860) 233-. 

,— (Poggendorflf's). Barentin,W, [1873] 

Pogg. A. {JubelM.) (1874) 213-. 
, — (— ). Bauer, K, L, A. Ps. C. 17 

(1882) 1037-. 

— — , new. Mdnnich, P, Exner Rpm. 21 
(1885) 31-. 

, oscillations of weights. Tait, P, G, 

[1881] Edinb. R. S. P. 11 (1882) 173-. 
, self-registering. Sehreber, K. N.-Vorp. 

Mt. 27 (1896) 99-; Z. Instk. 17 (1897) 204-. 
, utility. Knappert, L, Leijd. A. Ac. 

(1817-18) 9 pp. 
Fail of featJier and coin, vacuum apparatus for 

demonstrating equal time of. Lang, — von. 

Wien Az. 24 (1887) 256-. 

— — heavy and light bodies, apparatus for 
demonstrating equal time of. Cecchi, {padre) 
F, (xn) Rv. Sc.-Ind. 4 (1872) 58-. 

Falling bodies in air, paradox. Schneebeli, H, 

A. Ps. C. 153 (1874) 466-. 
apparatus. Bourbouze, — . C. R.54(1862) 

52-. 
. Lippich, F. [1865] Wien Sb. 52 

(1866) {Ab. 2) 549-. 
. Edelmann, T. Carl Rpm. 7 (1871) 

811-. 

. Lebaurg, E, J. de Ps. 7 (1878) 44-. 

. Engelbert [nS Desbois], {le frlre). 

Les Mondes 50 (1879) 554-. 

. Pdquet, k. J. de Ps. 2 (1888) 226-. 

. Krass,M. Z. Instk. 4 (1884) 347. 

. Randall, H. M., db Markey, W. A, 

Pb. Rv. 4 (1897) 64-. 
, electric. Waldner, H. A. Ps. C. 

154 (1875) 597-. 
, experiments. Haswell, C, H, Franklin 

I. J. 24 (1852) 421-. 
, formula for space described by. Sejce, 

S.A. N. Mg. Ntvd. 15 (1868) 180-. 
, Galileo's experiments. Thurot, C, J. 

de Ps. 3 (1874) 160-. 
, — idea. Mansion^ — . Brux. S. So. A. 

18 (1894) {Pt, 1) 92-. 

,law. Ausfeldt,—. Voigt Mg. 4 (1802) 97-. 

, — , graphical demonstration. MUUer, 

Hub. Sch. Nf. Gs. Vh. 52 (1868) 29-. 



121 



0825 Measurement of Force 

Falling bodies, motion, with reference to 
change of gravity. Grtmert, J, A. Pogg. 
A. 10 (1827) 467-. 

— — » Traversi's theories. Marini, A. P. 
Brescia Cm. (1816-17) 95-. 

— — , velocity, use of weighing-machine in 
determining. SehSnemannf T. Berl. Mb. 
(1857) 159-. 

Ghravity machine with one loose and two fixed 
polleys. Kotch.F. Arch. Mth. Ps. 17 (1900) 
118-. 



MEASUREMENT OF ENERGT OF 
VISIBLE MOTION. 

E., J. P. FranWin I. J. 4 (1829) 212-. 
Chronographs and apparatus for determining 

laws of motion. Didion, I. Fr. Cg. Sc. 

(1837) 549-. 
Energy of bodies moving with different ve- 
locities. Treadwell, D, Bost. Mm. Am. 

Ac. 8 (1863) 362-. 
— , measure of work in theory of. Moon^ R, 

Ph. Mg. 47 (1874) 291-. 
— transmission, comparison of methods. 

Lauriol, J, G4n. Civ. 9 (1886) 313-, 343-. 
Kinetoscope, use in mechanics of slow motions. 

SliehUr, C. S. Science 11 (1900) 535-. 
Solids, motion. DelangeSt P. Verona S. It. 

Mm. 3 (1786) 1-. 
Watt's indicator, mathematical theory. Le- 

comu, L. 0. B. 118 (1894) 1034-. 



0825 Measurement of Force: 
Pendulum, Spring-balance, 
Torsion- balance. 

(See also Astronomy 5100, 
Geology 07.) 

Ewart, P. [1808] Manch. Ph. S. Mm. 2 

(1813) 105-. 
(Ewart.) Hodgkin$<m, E, [1844] Manch. Ph. 

S. Mm. 7 (1846) 137-. 
Coste, —. Les Mondes 22 (1870) 379-. 
Breton, P. Les Mondes 22 (1870) 615-. 
Moore, R. V. Nost. Eng. Mg. 16 (1877) 335-. 
Absolute units of force. JohnsoHy W, W. N.Y. 

Mth. S. Bll. 3 (1894) 197-. 
Attractive and repulsive forces. Zdllner, F, 

Leip. B. 21 (1869) 281-. 
Barometric vacuum, suggested use as spring of 

constant strength (Gagniard de Latour). Co- 

ligny, A. de, C. B. 59 (1864) 1103- ; 62 

(1866) 800-. 
Bi- and tri-filar balances for absolute measure- 
ment. Jaumann, G, Wien Ak. Sb. 97 

(1889) {Ah. 2a) 64-. 
Centrifugal forces. Zamboni, O. [1841] Yen. 

Mm. I. 1 (1843) 413-. 
Cotton-spinner, dynamic work. Meugy, A, 

A. Mines 14 (1848) 139-. 
Dynagraph, Dudley's, uses. Dudley, P. H, 

[1879] Wash. Ph. S. Bll. 3 (1880) 29-. 



Dynamometers 0825 



DYNAMOMETERS. 

Regnier, E, Par. ic. Pol. J. edh. 5 (1798) 

160- ; Par. BU. S. Enoour. 16 (1817) 138-. 
Gordon, L. Glasg. Ph. S. P. 1 (1841-44) 41-. 
Sehinz, E, Dingier 110 (1848) 242-. 

Richard, G. Lum. i^leot. 6 (*1882) 659-; 7 
(♦1882) 18-, 29-, 78-, 100-, 174-; 8 (♦1883) 
297-; 16 (1885) 366-; 27 (1888) 651- ; 82 

(1889) 260- ; 41 (1891) 209-. 

Kapp, G. Elect. 12 (1884) 13-, 33-, 79-, 108-, 

151-, 224-, 345-, 538-; 13 (1884) a-. 79-, 

201-. 
Jamieson, — , dt others. Elect. 12 (1884) 189-, 

et seq, 
Bourcart, R, Mulhouse S. In. Bll. 61 (1891) 

282-. 
combined absorption and transmission. FUUher, 

J, J. Am. As. P. (1898) 244-. 
and comparison of ships in matter of resist- 
ance. Ledieu, A. C. B. 100 (1885) 837-. 
(Ledieu). Taurines, A, 

C. B. 102 (1886) 1057-. 
(Taurines). Ledieu, A, 

C. B. 102 (1886) 1091-. 
coupling. Perry, J., db Ayrton, W. E, B. A. 

Bp. (1881) 553. 
Desdouits's. Dvhost,F, Lum. Elect. 12 (1884) 

131-. 
direct reading, Trouv^. Trouvi, O, 0, B« 

110 (1890) 1326-. 
, — . Anon. Bv. Sc.-Ind. 23 (1891) 

34-. 
dynamometric journal-bearing. Rittinger, P, 

Oestr. Z. Brgw. 4 (1856) 393-. 
for effort of traction or force of animate motors. 

Monn, A, Par. Bll. S. Encour. 36 (1887) 

161-. 
or work developed by animate or inani- 
mate motors. Morin,A. Fr. Cg. Sc. (1887) 

583-. 
electric recording. Resio, C, C. B. 96 (1883) 

1361- ; Lum. 6lect. 9 (•1883) 81-. 
and ergometers. Richelmy, P. Tor. At. Ac. 

Sc. 5 (1869-70) 17-. 
Fischinger's. Busehkiel, C. Elekttech. Z. 8 

(1887) 386-. 
friction-. Barrois, T. Lille Mm. S. (1827-28) 

114-. 
— . Thomson, J. (vi Adds,) B. A. Bp. (1855) 

(pt. 2) 209-. 
— . Mayer, J, R. von. D. Nf . Tbl. (^1869) 63-. 

— . Guigon, — . [1882] I. 6gypt. Bll. 8 

(♦1883) 14-. 
— . Menges, C. L. R, E, 's Gravenh. I. Ing. 

Ts. (1886-87) (Verg.) 81-. 
— . Beaumont, W, W. I. CE. P. 95 (1889) 1-. 

— . Rigaut, A, Lum. i^lect. 36 (1890) 610-. 
— . Goss, W, F. M. Elect. Bv. 37 (1895) 

98-, 125-, 158-. 
— , and belt-. Froude, W, (vi iidd<.) ME. 

I. P. (1858) 92-. 
— , direct reading. Jimels, C. G^n. Civ. 17 

(1890) 375-. 

— , Prony's (for revolving shaft). Prony, R. de. 
A. C. 19 (1821) 165-. 



122 



0825 Dynamometers 

friction-, Prony* 8. SairU-LSger, — de, A. Mines 

12 (1837) 67-. 
— , — (Saint-L^r). PoneeUt, J. V, C. R. 

4 (1837) 678-. 
— , — . PanceUt, J. V. 0. R. 4 (iaS7) 885-. 
— , — . Passat,—. Ft. Cg. So. 8 (1840) 31-. 
— , — . Morris, E, Franklin I. J. 6 (1848) 

225-. 
— , — . Pigeon, G, Lyon Ac. Sc. Mm. 2 

(1847) 607-. 
— , — . Grandvoinnet, J. A. G6n. Civ. 2 

(1863) 170-. 
— , — . Tresca, H. C. R. 58 (1864) 273-. 
— , — . KreU, — . C. R. 68 (1864) 459-; Par. 

6c. Norm. A. 2 (1873) 55-. 
— , — , arranged for evalaation of torque. 

HiUairet, — . C. R. 109 (1889) 798-. 
— , — , modifications. Gamier, F. A. Mines 

12 (1837) 247-. 
— , — , reversed. Wellner, G. Dingier 223 

(1877) 130-. 
— , — and Welter's combined. Haekette, J. 

N. P. J. G6n. Civ. 11 (1846) 153-. 
— , RafFard. Soubeyran, A. [1885] G^n. Civ. 

8 (1885-86) 68-. 
— , — . Ventre, — [1886] I. Egypt. BU. 7 

(1887) 60-. 
— , run by circulation of water. Riccd, A . (xn) 

Rv. Sc.-Ind. 12 (1880) 443-. 
— , self-regulating. Carpentier, J. C. R. 89 

(1879) 950-. 
— , for small motors. MarSchal, C, Eclair. 

Elect. 11 (1897) 210-. 
— , Thiabaud. Bemardi, E. Ven. I. At. 

(1884-85) 1355-. 
of '* Hirondelle.*' Albert, {Prince de Monaco), 

Par. S. Gg. C. R. (1889) 98-. 
improved. Tatham, W. P. Franklin I. J. 82 

(1881) 321- ; 84 (1882) 401-. 
integrating. Richard, G. Lum. Elect. 16 

(1885) 366-. 
— . Raffard, — . Par. S. Ps. 86. (1887) 178-. 
— , of Meeze and Vemon-Boys. Richard, G. 

Lum. :6lect. 14 (1884) 11-. 
at International Exhibition. Guerout,A. Lum. 

6lect. 4 (♦1881) 290-, 307-, 341-, 366-, 373-. 

Morin's. Tripied, C. Lum. Elect. 1 (*1879) 

85-. 
new. Cagniard-Latour,C. C. R. 4 (1837) 899-. 
— . Froude, W, Bath S. J. 5 (1857) 216-. 

— . Richard, G, Lum. felect. 8 (*1883) 297-. 
Newcastle. Amos, C. E. Ag. S. J. 1 (1865) 

204-. 
optical. Latchinoff, M. Lum. Elect. 3 (♦1881) 

447-. 
Poncelet*s, profile of springs. L4auti, H, 

Liouv. J. Mth. 9 (1883) 245-. 
for power of screws of ships. Froude, W, I. 

ME. P. (1877) 237-. 
rotation, Fremont. Desquiens, F, Gen. Civ. 

21 (1892) 260-. 
— , Richard. Gouilly, A. G6n. Civ. 20 (1891- 

92) 395-. 
at Royal Technological Institute, Stockholm. 

Nystrom, J. W. Franklin I. J. 49 (1865) 392-. 
Ruggles's. Eliot, C. W. [1866] Am. Ac. P. 7 

(1868) 65-. 



Dynamometers, etc 0826 

for small motors. Hoskin, J. Franklin I. J. 
181 (1891) 489-. 

— steam engines (Macnaught). Combes^ C 
A. Mines 16 (1839) 519^. 

suitable for physiological inquiries. Henry, C, 

C. R. 121 (1895) 716-. 
Tatham. Tatham, W, P, Franklin I. J. 

120 (1885) 449-; 122 (1886) 377-. 
transmission. Ayrton, W, E., db Perry, J, 

Lum. felect. 3 (♦1881) 405-. 
— . Thomson, E. Franklin I. J. 81 (1881) 

117-. 
— . Curie, P. C. R. 103 (1886) 46-. 

— . Gidgon, E. [1888] I. ilgypt. Bll. 9 (1889) 
174-. 

— (Guigon). Ventre, — . [1888] I. Egypt. Bll. 
9 (1889) 185-. 

—. Robinson, S. W, Elect. Rv. 38 (1896) 

625-, 656-. 
— , autographic. Kent, W, [1879] Am. I. Mn. 

E. T. 8 (^1880) 177-. 

— , with direct reading and photographic 

record. Mascart, — . C. R. 110 (1890) 

605-. 
— , electric. Kuzlminsk\j, P. D, Rs. Ps.-G. 

S. J. 28 (Ps,) (1896) 226-. 
— , new. DejMrez, M, Lum. Elect. 13 (1884) 

481-. 
— , — . Meylan, E. Lum. Elect. 27 (1888) 

424-. 
— , — . Dalby, W. E. I. CE. P. 132 (1898) 

47-. 
— , permanent. Smith, C. A, [1884] Am. S. 

CE. T. 15 (1886) 357-. 
for use with driving-bands. Hefner-Alteneck, 

F. von. (xn) Elekttech. Z. 2 (1881) 
229-. 

with vernier. Kleritj, L. Berg-Hm. Ztg. 29 
(1870) 3-. 16-. 



Dynamometric experiments (Ransonnet*s). 

Keraudren, — . J. Mdd. Chir. Phm. Sf4 

(1812) 41-. 
. DoUfus, G. (vn) Mon. Sc. 3 (1861) 

29-. 

— methods on railways. Desdouits, — . A. 
Mines 8 (1885) 481-. 

— testing of agricultural implements. Grand- 
voinnet, J. A. (xn) A. Agn. 2 (1876) 
446-. 

Ergograph, new. Binet, A., dt Vaschide, N. 
C. R. 125 (1897) 1161-. 

Ergometers. Hefner-Alteneck, — von. Elekt- 
tech. Z. 8 (1887) 514- ; 9 (1888) 16. 

Explosive pressures, use of springs in measur- 
ing. VieiUe, P. C. R. 115 (1892) 1268-. 

Explosives, force. VieilU, P. As. Fr. C. R. 
(1890) (Pt. 1) 53-. 

Gas-motors, atmospheric, power measurement. 
Teichmann, K. Dingier 220 (1876) 116-. 

Horse-power. Gregory, O. Nicholson J. 11 
(1806) 145-. 

— — . Aubuisson de Voisins, J, F, d\ A. 
Mines 7 (1830) 145-. 

. Reuleaux, F. Giving. 3 (1857) 112-. 

. Ouaglio, J. Nddsterr. Ghewerb.-Vr. Vh. 

(1862) 161-. 



123 



0826 Measnrement of Force, etc. 



Seismic Appmrntau 0825 



Hof6e-power, experiments. Minard^ C. J. Pendaloms, oomparison of nearly equal times 
Par. A. Pon. Ghauss. 4 (18S2) 12ft-. of 2. Bigaurdan, G. G. B. 124 (1897) 270-. 
' , measure of force by. Homblower, J.C, — , , eleotrioal method. 



Nicholson J. 11 (1805) 95-. 
, ratio of indicatod to efifective, Denny's 

M.M. trials. Froude, W, Nv. Archt. T. 17 

(1876} 167-. 
Hydraulic brakes for guns, indicator-curve. 

VaUier, — . G. R. 129 (1899) 705-. 
Integrator, mechanical, for work done by a 

foioe. FuchM, K, Mth. Termt. Ets. 13 

(1895) 289-; Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 18 (1897) 
144-.. 

Locomotives, compound, tractive force. MeUiUt 

C, J. Am. Eng. & Bailroad J. 74 (1900) 

152, 204. 
~, tractive force. CoU, F. J, Am. Eng. & 

Bailroad J. 74 (1900) S07~. 
Machines, power. Marchal, 0. A. G^. Giv. 

5 (1866i 544-. 
— , — . Jacquemier, R, Bv. Mar. et Gol. 81 

(1884) 6S5-. 

— with revolving shafts, tangential force. 
Haehette, J. N, P. J. Mines 31 (1812) 213-. 

Mechanical power. Homblower ^ J. C. Nichol- 
son J. 11 (1805) 264-. 

(Homolower). Gregory ^ O, Nicholson 

J. 12 (1805) 7-. 

. Blake, E. W. Silliman J. 30 (1836) 

859-. 

Motive forces, estimation. Piola, G. Mil. G. 
I. Lomb. 7 (1846) 118-. 

Motors in arsenals. Morin, A, A. Mines 3 
(1833J 93-, 259-. 

— , work. Kohlrauteh, W, Elekttech. Z. 9 

(1888) 389-. 

Optical interference balance for small forces. 
BaiXU, J, B., db F€ry, C, As. Fr. G. B. 

(1889) {Ft. 1) 253. 

Oscillograph, aouble, and its employment in 

study of rolling and pitching. Bertin, L. E. 

[1889] Jap. Seism. S. T. 15 (1890) 1-. 
Pandynamometer. Him, G. A, A. Mines 11 

(1867) 167- ; G. B. 66 (1868) 695-; 76 

(1873) 1056-. 
Pendulum, conical. Geelmuyden, H. Arch. 

Mth. Ntvd. 5 (1881) 307-. 
— , — , motion. TUserand, F. F. Bll. Sc. 

Mth. As. 5 (1881) {Pt. 1) 448-. 
— , effect of slipping of knife edge. Defforges, 

(le comm,) — . Par. S. Ps. S6. (1893) 40-. 
— , measurement of small forces by. Briot, C, , 

(£ Jamin, — . G. B. 61 (1865) 1050-. 

— oscillations, method of mechanically timing. 
Deprez, M. G. B. 102 (1886) 1523-. 

— , period, by coincidences with known pendu- 
lum. Vogel, H. C. Garl Bpm. 17 (1881) 
337-. 

— , physical, new form. Stevens, J, S. Am. 
J. 8c. 5 (1898) 14. 

— record, contour of railway determined by. 
DetdouiU, — . A. Mines 15 (1899) 465-. 

— support, new. Haid, M, Z. Instk. 16 

(1896) 193-. 

— with several threads, application to gravity, 
electrometer and galvanometer measure- 
ments. Guglielmo, G, Bm. B. Ac. Line. 
Bd. 4 (1895) (Sem. 2) 163-. 



Lippmann, G. G. B. 124 (1897) 125-. 
— , effect of internal friction of fluids on 
motion. Stokes, G. G, [1850] Gamb. Ph. 
S. T. 9 (1856) [8]-. 

SEISMIC APPARATUS. 

Brit. Ass. Coram. B. A. Bp. (*1841) 46-. 
Milne, D. B. A. Bp. (1842) 92-; (1844) 85-. 
MaUet, R. B. A. Bp. (1861) 207-. 
Milne, J. (xn) Jap. Seism. S. T. 3 (1881) 

12-; 4 (1882)85-. 
Bnt. Ass. Comm. {Milne, J.) B. A. Bp. (1885) 

362-; (1892) 93-; (1893) 214-. 
Brit. Ass. Comm, {Datnson, C.) B. A. Bp. 

(1893) 287- ; (1894) 145-. 
Brit. Ass. Comm. {Milne, J.) B. A. Bp. (1895) 

81-,113-. 
Guzzanti, C. Gatania Ac. Gioen. Bll. 44-45 

(1896) 15. 
Brit. Ass. Comm. (Milne, J.) B. A. Bp. 

(1896) 180- ; (1897) 129- ; (1898) 179-. 
Guxrgi, C. de. Moncalieri Oss. BU. 18 (1898) 

73-. 
Alarum, by Shozan Sakuma. Yamaziiki, N» 

[1893] Tok. Gl. 8. Gl. Mg. 1 (1894) [149]-. 
Buildings, movement produced in tnem by 

earthquakes. Milne, J. [1887] Jap. Seism. 

8. T. 12 (1888) 67-. 
Glock, seismic. Brassart, E. Bv. So.-Ind. 

16 (1884) 1-. 
— , — . Baratta, M. Bll. V. It. 17 (1890) 16-. 
— , seismograph, speed governor for. Swing, 

J. A. Nt. 23 (1881) 473 ; (xn) Jap. Seism. 

8. T. 5 (1883) 92-. 
Effects of atmospheric perturbation. Agamen- 

none, G. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 9 (1900) 

{Sem. 2) 308-. 
traffic and wind. T<icchini, P. Bm. B. 

Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1890) {Sem. 2) 12-. 
Indications. Denza, F. Bm. N. Line. At. 45 

(1892) 13-. 

— during earthquake of Jan. 22nd, 1892, com- 
pared with those during explosion of powder 
magazine of Monteverde. Bertelli, T. Mon- 
calieri Oss. Bll. 12 (1892) 79-. 

March 22nd, 1894, Japan. Grah- 

lovitz, G. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 8 (1894) 
{Sem. 2) 61-. 

Indicators, modifications, and new self-re- 
cording apparatus. Rossi, M. S. de. Bll. 
V. It. 14 (1887) 41-. 

Instruments by Brassart Bros. Brassart, E. 
Moncalieri Oss. BU. 3 (*1883) 150-. 

. Rossi, M. S. de. Bll. V. It. 13 

(1886) 77-. 

— used in Italy. Davison, C. B. A. Bp. (1896) 
220-. 

Japan. Milne, J. , dt Gray, T. Ph. 

Mg. 12 (1881) 356-. 
. Rossi, M. S. de. Bll. V. It. 13 

(1886) 45-. 
— , self -registering, objects, construction and 

use. MalUt, R. [1846] Ir. Ac. T. 21 

(1848) 107-. 



124 



0825 Mlcroseismometry 

InstramentB for study of earth waves. Vi- 
centini, G, Ven. I. At. (1896-97) 207-. 

— — large earth waves. Cancani^ A. 

Rm. B. Ao.'Lino. Bd. 8 (1894) {Sem, 1) 
651-. 

— of the Vatican Observatoiy. BerteUi, T. 
Bm. N. Lino. At. 49 (1896) 135- ; Bm. Spec. 
Vat. Pb. 5 (1898) 161-. 

Microphone, seismic, De Bossi*s. Cantoni, O. 
Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 11 (1878) 880-. 

— in seismology. Mocenige^ (conte) O,, dt 
RosH, M. S. de. (xn) Bll. V. It. 6 (1878) 
63-. 

. Cancanit A. Bm. B. Ac. Lino. Bd. 

3 (1894) {Sem. 1) 328-. 
. Girardy L, Brux. S. As. Big. Bll. 

3 (1898) 246-. 

Micro$eitmometry, 

BerUUi, T. Bm. Bll. Met. 11 (1872) 113-. 
-Bom, M. S. de. Bm. N. Line. At. 28 (1876) 

168-, 485- ; 29 (1876) 67-. 
BerteUi, T. C. B. 102 (1886) 1385- ; Bm. N. 

Line. Mm. 1 (1887) 265- ; 2 (1887) 233-. 
History. Favaro.A. [1883] Ven. L At. (•1883- 

84) 91-. 
Instrument, new. Mugrut, G. (xn) Bv. Sc.- 

Ind. 11 (1879) 205-, 313-. 
Microseismograph. i2os«t, M. S. de. Bm. 

N. Line. At. 29 (1876) 420. 
— . Lutigo, C. del. Bv. Sc. [Ind.] 30 (1898) 

73-. 

— (vertical component). Vicentinit G., dt 
Packer, G. Ven. I. At. (1898) 66-. 

— of 2 components. Landi, U. Bv. Sc. [Ind.] 
30 (1898) 92-. 

, and other self -registering instru- 
ments. Vicentini, G., at Packer, G. Ven. 
L At. (1895-96) 385-. 

— — — — , for study of slow earth-move- 
ments. Gneaotto, T. Ven. I. At. (1898) 
289-. 

— , continuous registering. Vicentinit G. 

[1895] Padova S. So. Bll. 6 (1895-99) 

21-. 
— , use. Vicentini, G. Padova Ac. At. e Mm. 

12 (1896) 89-. 
Microseismographs, Padua University. Packer, 

G. Ven. I. At. (1896-97) 1110-. 
Microseismometrograph. Agamenrume, G. Bm. 

B. Ac. Line. Bd. 9 (1900) {Sem. 2) 31-. 
MicroseismoBcope, electrical form. Calzeeehi- 

Onesti, T. N. Cim. 19 (1886) 24-. 
Pendulums, effect of wind. Melzi, C. Bm. 

N. Line. At. 28 (1875) 356-. 
— , . Egidt, G. Moncalieri Oss. Bll. 

8 (1888) 116- ; 9 (1889) 121-, 143- ; Bm. N. 

Line. At. 42 (1889) 22-. 
— , . hosH, M. S. de, Bm. N. Line. 

At. 43 (1890) 116-. 
— , . Egidi, G. Bm. N. Lino. At. 

43 (1890) 210-. 
— , isolated, and the wind. Melzi, C. Bm. 

N. Line. Blm. 5 (1889) 23- ; Moncalieri Oss. 

Bll. 10(1890) 2-, 17-, 37-. 
Self-recording apparatus. Mugna, G. Bll. V. 

It. 17 (1890) 18-. 



Pendulums 0826 

Self-recording telephone. Baratta, M, Bll. V. 

It. 17 (1890) 24-. 
Tromometer. BerteUi, T. M. [1888-93] Bm. 

N. Line. At. 42 (1889) 37- ; Moncalieri Oss. 

BU. 13 (1893) 2-. 
— , economic. Egidi, G. Bm. N. Lino. At. 

89 (1886) 171-, 177. 
•>— , effect of wind. Taeekini, P. Bm. B. Ac. 

Line. Bd. 7 (1891) {Sem. 1) 133 -. 
— , Perry. Perry, J. B. A. Bp. (1896) 218-. 

— with photographic registration. Taeekini, 
P. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1890) {Sem. 1) 
432-. 

. Agamennone, G. Bm. B. Ac. 

Line. Bd. 2 (1893) (Sem. 1) 28-. 
— , prismatic. Bertelli, T. [1874] Moncalieri 

Oss. BU. 9 (♦1875) 145-. 
— , value of indications. RobH, M. S. de. 

[1888] Bll. V. It. 15-16 (1888-89) 65-. 
— , . Bertelli, T. [1888] BU. V. It. 

15-16 (1888-89) 65-. 
Tromometers, new observations confirming 

utility. MeUi, C. Bm. N. Line. At. 47 

(1894) 96-. 
— , synchronous, of Berne and Basel, results. 

Forster, E. M. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 16 (1886) 

186-. 
Tromoscope, new. Traverso, N." Genova S. 

Lig. At. 9 (1898) 127-. 

Movements of Earth's crust, apparatus for 

studying. Wolf, C. J. A. C. B. 97 (1883) 
228-. 

Pendulume, 

bifilar. Darwin, H. Seism. J. Jap. 19 (1894) 61-. 
— ,forearth-tUts. Davi9(m,C. Nt. 50 (1894) 246-. 
— , Boyal Observatory, Edinburgh. Copeland, 

R. B. A. Bp. (1894) 158-. 
— , , — . (Earth's surface movements.) 

Heatk, T. Nt. 52 (1895) 228. 
compound, and jointed rods. CelUrier, — . 

Liouv. J. Mth. 7 (1891) 271-. 
duplex, with single bob. Ewing, J, A. (xn) 

Jap. Seism. S. T. 6 (1883) 1»-. 
elastic. GuzzarUi, C, Catania Ac. Gioen. At. 

10 (1897) Mem. 6, 5 pp. 
horizontal. Z&Uner, F. Leip. B. 21 (1869) 

281- ; 34 (1872) 188-. 
». Milne, J. Seism. J. Jap. 19 (1894) 55-. 
— . Heeker, — . Z. Instk. 16 (1896) 2-. 

— (and its appUoation). Heeker, — . D. Nf. 
Vh. (1897) {Th. 2, HdlfU 1) 117-. 

— , apparatus for photograpnicaUy recording 
motion. Rebeur-Pasckwitz, E, von. Seism. 
J. Jap. 19 (1894) 35-. 

— and bifilar, history. Davison, C. B. A. 
Bp. (1896) 184-. 

— , experiments. Heeker, O. Z. Instk. 19 

(1899) 261-. 
— , for mechanical registration of seismic or 

other earth-movements. Omori, F. Tok. 
Coll. Sc. J. 11 (1898-99) 121-. 

— (ZdUner's), observations. Reheur-Paschwitz, 
E. von. [1886-89] Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. Vh. 
10 (1888) {Sh.) 126, {Ab.) 167- ; As. Nr. 120 
(1889) 273-. 



125 



0825 Pendulums 

horizontal, obeervationB (Wilhelmshavexi, Pots- 
dam and Teneri£fe). Rebeur-Paachwitz, E. 
von. As. Nr. 180 (1892) 198-. 

— , — ( — , , von Bebeur-Paschwitz's). 

MUne, J, Seism. J. Jap. 17 (1893) 113-. 

— , — (Strassbnrg and Nicolaiev, 1892). Reheur- 
Patchwitz, E. van. As. Nr. 182 (1898) 118-. 

— , — . Rebeur-Pcuekwitz, E, von. B. A. Bp, 

(1893) 809-. 

— , — (Nioolaiey). Kortazzi, 8. B. A. Bp. 

(1894) 155-. 

— , — (Japan and I. of Wight) . MUne, J. [1895] 

Nt. 53 (1895-96) 180-. 
— , — (Strassborg, 1892-94). Rebeur-Pcueh- 

witz, E. von. Btr. Geops. 2 (1895) 211-. 
— , — . Turner, H. H. B. A. Bp. (1896) 

216-. 
— , — (Strassbnrg, 1895). Ehlert, R. Btr. 

Geops. 3 (1898) 131-. 
—.—(Trieste, Aug. 1898— Feb. 1899). Matelle, 

E. Wien Ak. Sb. 108 (1899) (^6. 1) 357-. 
— , — (San Fernando, 1898-99). San Fernando 

Obs. S. Fernando Obs. Mar. A. {Secc. 2) 

(1899) 2 pp. 

— , — (Strassburg, 1895-96). EMert, R. 

Btr. Geops. 4 (1900) 68-. 
— , — (Nicolajew, 1897-99). Kortazzi, J. Btr. 

Geops. 4 (1900) 383-. 
— , — . Leutz, H. Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. Vh. 13 

(1900) (Ab.) 388-. 

— (ZoUner's), photographic registration of 

changes of horizontal plane by. Rebeur- 

Pazchwitz, E. von. As. Nr. 118 (1888) 9-. 
— , suspension. Ewing, J. A, [1882] (xn) 

Jap. Seism. S. T. 5 (1883) 91-. 
— , tiieoiy. Heeker, 0. Btr. Geops. 4 (1900) 

59-. 
— triple, von Bebeur's. Ehlert, R. Btr. Geops. 

3 (1898) 481- ; Brux. S. Big. As. BU. 3 (1898) 

209- ; 4 (1899) 11-. 
, von Kebeur-Ehlert's. Bo»ch,F.J. Gztg. 

Opt. 20 (1899) 141-. 
— , use. Agamennonef O. Bm. B. Ac. Line. 

Bd. 9 (1900) {Sem. 1) 107-. 
method of compensating, to make astatic. 

Gray, T. (xn) Jap. Seism. S. T. 8 (1881) 

145-. 
new. Agameimone, O, Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 

1 (1892) {Sem. 2) 803-. 
protographic. BertelUt 7. Moncalieri Oss. 

BU. 16 (1896) 69-. 

Begistration of distant earth movements. Re- 

beur-PazchwitZf E, von, Peterm. Mt. 39 

(1898) 201-. 
— , double, system. Agamennone, G, Bm. B. 

Ac. Lino. Bd. 8 (1899) (Sem. 1) 202-, 618. 
— , duration. Oddone, E. Bm. B. Ac. Line. 

Bd. 4 (1895) (Sem. 1) 425-. 
Bheotome, new electric, for seismic indicators. 

Baratta, M. Moncalieri Oss. Bll. 10 (1890) 

161-. 
Bods, vibrating and oscillating. Egidi, G. 

Bm. N. Line. Mm. 2 (1887) 33- ; 3 (1888) 

178-. 
Seismodynamogiaph. GoUt, I. Bm. N. Line. 

At. 38 (1885) 128- ; Bm. N. Lino. Mm. 2 

(1887) 221-. 



Seismognphs 0825 



Seiemographe, 

Rossi, M. S. de. (xn) Bll. V. It. 1 (1874) 

141- ; 2 (1875) 57- ; 4 (1877) 5- ; 5 (1878) 

16, 99-; 10 (1883) 188- ; (xi) Bm. N. Lino. 

At. 30 (1877) 826-. 
Gain, I. (xn) Bll. V. It. 6 (1879) 125-. 
Gray, T. Ph. Mg. 12 (1881) 199-. 
Stevenson, C. A. [1882] Sc. S. Arts T. 10 

(1883) 546-. 
West, C. D. (xn) Jap. Seism. S. T. 6 (1888) 

22-. 
Kleemann, R. Z. Instk. 4 (1884) 118-. 
BuU, F. [1885] N. Z. I. T. 18 (1886) 69-. 
Egidi, G. Bm. N. Line. At. 40 (1887) 56-. 
Flamache, A. Brux. S. Big. Gl. Bll. 4 (1890) 

(PV.) 37-. 
Frdnkel, — . Giving. 36 (1890) 879-. 
analysing, Gecchi's. Giovannozzi, G. Bm. N. 

Line. Mm. 3 (1888) 165-. 
— , — . MarciOac, P. Lum. Elect. 27 (1888) 

572-. 
Angot, improvement, and shocks at Grenoble. 

Kilian, W. Isdre S. Bll. 28 (1895) 129-. 
astatic horizontal lever. Ewing, J. A. B. S. 

P. 31 (1881) 440-. 
ball and cup. Alexander, T. (xn) Jap. Seism. 

S. T. 6 (1883) 30-. 
bracket machine, record. Alexander, T. (xn) 

Jap. Seism. S. T. 6 (1883) 13-. 
Cecchi (Manilla Observatory). Faura, F, Jap, 

Seism. S. T. 8 (1885) 90-. 
— . Roberto, G. Moncalieri Oss. Bll. 7 (1887) 

181-. 
of 3 components, £wing*s, and duplex-pendu- 
lum. Perrine, C. D. As. S. Pac. Pb. 10 

(1898) 72-. 
compound, description. Carew, W. A. [1893] 

N. Z. I. T. 26 (1894) 461-. 
with conical pendulum. Chrablovitz, G. Bm. 

B. Ac. Line. Bd. 7 (1891) (Sem. 1) 264-. 
Cordenons's new. Cordenims, F. Bll. Y. It. 

12 (1885) 84-, 86-. 
cumulative. Gregorio, A. de, Palermo Ac. 

At. 3 (1895) (Sc. Nt.) 95-. 
electrical. Cecchi, F. [1875-76] Moncalieri 

Oss. Bll. 10 (*1876) 129- ; Bm. N. Lino. At. 

29 (1876) 421-. 
— . Frdhlich, C. Exner Bpm. 24 (1888) 

79-. 
— , Frdhlich's. Sack, J. Elekttech. Z. 8 

(1887) 502-. 
electromagnetic. PoZtntm, L, Smiths. Bp. 

(1870) 425-. 
Gray-Milne. Gray, T. Glasg. Ph. S. P. 14 

(1883) 221- ; Gl. S. QJ. 39 (1883) 218-. 
, instructions for setting up. Gray, T. 

Jap. Seism. S. T. 12 (1888) 49-. 
, and other instruments in seismologioal 

laboratory of Imperial College of Engineering, 

Tokyo. Milne, J. [1887] Jap. Seism. S. T. 

12 (1888) 33-. 
history. Gelcich, E. Z. Instk. 7 (1887) 422-. 
horizontal. Frdnkel, W. Giving. 40 (1894) 

223-. 
— and vertical. Frdnkel, W. Giving. 40 (1894) 

677-. 



126 



0825 Seismographs 

improved. Gray, T. Ph. Mg. 28 (1887) 

358-. 
— . Cotpper, E, A. B. A. Bp. (1888) 

818- 
— . Gray, T. Glasg. Ph. S. P. 19 (1888) 

330-. 
for large motions. Gray, T. (xn) Jap. Seism* 

S. T. 3 (1881) 148-. 
Marvin. Marvin, C. F, U. S. Mly. Weath. 

Rv. 23 (1895) 260-. 
in Mauritias, Itoyal Alfred Observatory, six 

months' work. ClaxUm, T, F. Obs. 22 

(1899) 263-, 330-. 
Milne's. Moffett, C. M^x. Obs. BL (1889) 

— , records by. Abbe, C. U. S. Mly. Weath. 

Rv. 27 (1899) 214-. 
modem, results obtained. Caneani, A. Bm. 

R. Ac. Lino. Bd. 9 (1900) (5m. 2) 94-. 
for observatories. Ewing, J, A, Nt. 34 (1886) 

343-. 
at Observatory of Carson City. Friend, C. W, 

U. S. Mly. Weath. Bv. 28 (1900) 245. 

— — — Mineo. Guzzanti, C. Moncalieri 
Oss. BU. 14 (1894) 117-. 

pendulum-. Lang, H. O. D. Gl. Gs. Z. 31 
(1879) 776-. 

— (new form). Ewing,J. A, (xn) Jap. Seism. 
S. T. 1 (1880) (PU 1) 38-. 

— , inventor. Terrenzi, G, Bv. Sc.-lnd. 19 

(1887) 62-. 
portable. Palmieri, L. [1874] (xn) Nap. Ac. 

Pont. At. 12 (1878) 128-. 
recording vertical motion, diagrams. Omari, F, 

[1891] Jap. Seism. S. T. 16 (1892) 68-. 
rectangular. Gruey, L. J, Bll. As. 8 (1891) 

10-. 72. 
register, double velocity. Agamennone, G, 

Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1889) {8em. I) 

788-. 
— , . Baratta, M, Moncalieri Oss. Bll. 

11 (1891) 73-. 
— , . Agamennone, G. Bm. B. Ac. Lino. 

Bd. 1 (1892) (Sem, 2) 247-. 
— , , action (Marches, Sept. 21st, 1897). 

Tacchini, P. Bm. B. Ac. Lino. Bd. 6 (1897) 

(Sem, 2) 243-. 
— , electric photographic. PfatmdUr, L. Wien 

Ak. Sb. 106 (1897) (Ab, 2a) 661-. 
to register horizontal oscillations of earth in 

earth movements. ThSvenet, — . As. Fr. 

C. B. (1896) (Pt. 2) 238-. 
vertical motion. Gray, T, (xn) Jap. 

Seism. S. T. 3 (1881) 137- ; (x) Ph. Mg. 12 

J 1881) 209-. 
!-recording, Br^guet's. Abbadia, M, A, d'. 
BU. V. It. 14 (188^ 38-. 

— — , of Geneva Observatory. Thury, M* 
Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 16 (1886) 196-. 

and theory of earthquakes. Pugrim, L. [1895] 

Wiirtb. Jh. 62 (1896) xli-. 
with vertical pendulum. Viola, C, Bm. B. 

Ac. Lind. Bd. 9 (1900) (Sem, 1) 317-. 

Seismological notes. Werner, W, Z. Instk. 
5 (1886) 217-, 308-. 



Seismometers 0825 



Seiemometert, 

Portlock, J. E. B. A. Bp. (1864) 370-. 
KreU, C, Wien Sb. 16 (1865) 370-. 
CavaUeH, G, M. MU. At. I. Lomb. 1 (1868) 

84-. 
MdOet, R, B. A. Bp. (1868) 72-. 
BerteUi,T, [1871] (xn) Bv. Sc.-lnd. 3 (1872) 

86-. 
lAuatdx, A. C. P. F, von. Bonn Niedr. Gs. 

Sb. (1874) 99-. 
Wagener, G. [1878] (xn) D. Gs. Ostas. Mt. 

2 (1876-80) 216-. 
WUhmann, A, Z. Instk. 4 (1884) 202-. 
Dijk, P. van, Batav. Ntk. Ts. 46 (1886) 415-. 
Ehlert, JR. Btr. Geops. 3 (1898) 360-. 
Palatin, G, Termt. Kdzl. 31 (1899) (Suppl.) 

148-. 
astatic suspension, certain methods. EtHng, 

J. A. (xn) Jap. Seism. S. T. 6 (1883) 26-. 
duplex pendulum. Ewing, J, A, [1882] (xn) 

Jap. Seism. S. T. 6 (1883) 89-. 
na wing's). Sekiya,K, [18Q^^ Jap. Seism. 

S. T. 8 (1886) 83-. 
. Ewing, J, A, Nt. 38 (1888) 30. 

electrical. Kern, O, Lum. illeot. 13 (1884) 

182-. 
Hipp chronometer as. Hirsch, A, Neuch. S. 

Sc. Bll. 20 (1892) 176. 
for the mantel-piece. Milne, J, [1891] Jap. 

Seism. S. T. 16 (1892) 47-. 
mercury. Lasatdx, — von, Bonn Niedr. Gs. 

Sb. (1884) 96-. 
^. Lepnus, R, D. Gl. Gs. Z. 86 (1884) 29-. 
— . Kalecsinszky, S, [1891] Fdl. Kdzl. 22 

(1892) 877-, 416-. 
observations. Schmidt, A, Wiirtb. Jh. 48 

(1892) xciii-. 
Pagani's (1886). BerteUi, T. Bll. V. It. 16-16 

(1888-89) 80. 
pendulum-, modem forms. Milne^ J. [1887-88] 

Jap. Seism. S. T. 12 (1888) 21-; Nt. 37 

(1888) 670-. 
photograms, Liverpool Observatory. Phummer^ 

W, E. B. A. Bp. (1898) 272-. 
and torsion pendulum seismograph. Gray, T. 

(xn) Jap. Seism. S. T. 1 (1880) (Pi. 1) 44-. 
for vertical motion. Ewing, J, A, (xn) Jap. 

Seism. S. T. 8 (1881) 140-. 

Seismometrograph. BerteUi^ T. Moncalieri 

Obs. Bll. 6 (*1871) 99-. 
— of Catania Observatory. Riecb, A. [1896] 

Catania Ac. Gioen. At. 10 (1897) Mem, 6, 

16 pp. 
— , continuous registering. Cancani, A, Bm. 

B. Ac. Lino. Bd. 8 (1899) (Sem. 1) 46-, 447-. 
— , photographic. Agamennone, G. Bm. B. 

Ac. Lmo. Bd. 6 (1897) (Sem. 1) 264-. 
Seismometrographs, astaticity of stationary 

masses or neutral point. GrabloviU, G. 

Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 7 (1891) (Sem. 1) 

887-. 
— , possible sensitiveness. TaceHni, P. Bm. 

B. Ac. Line. Bd 7 (1891) (Sem, 1) 16-. 
Seismometry. Ewing, J. A. (xn) T5k. Un. 

Mm. 9 (1888) xn-f 92 pp. 



127 



0825 Seismoscopes 

Seismometry (methods and results). Etnng, 

J, A. Nt. 80 (1884) 149^, 174-. 
— . Johmton'LavU.H.J. Nt. 80 (1884) 608-. 
— . Etoing, J. A. [1884] Nt. 81 (1885) 4-. 
— . JohruUm-Lavit, H, J. [1884] Nt. 81 

(1885) 58-. 
— . (Movements of the ground, and proposed 

observations on Ben Nevis.) Swing, J. A, 

B. A. Bp. (1885) 920-. 
— . Ewing, J. A. [1888] B. I. P. 12 (1889) 

861-. 
— as applied to railway trains. Milnet J. 

[1889] Jap. Seism. B. T. 15 (1890) 28-. 
— , 5 mile water level in. Mayet, P. Seism. 

J. Jap. 18 (1898) 115-. 
— -, ne^ected principle that may be employed 

in. Perry, J., dt AyrUm, W, E. Jap. As. 

S. T. 6 (1877) (Pt. 1) 181-. 
— , steady points for. Gray, T. (xii) Jap. 

Seism. 8. T. 8 (1881) 1-, 9-. 
Seismomicrophone with photographic regis- 
tration. Baratta,M. Bv. Sc.-Ind. 22 (1890) 

218-. 

Seitmoscopes, 

MalUt, B, B. A. Bp. (1851) 272-. 

[Spia sismica.) Mensini,J. (xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 

7 (1875) 117-. 
( — ortotismica, for vertical earthquakes.) 

Metuini,J. (xn) Bv. Sc.-Ind. 7 (1876) 166-. 
Bertelli, T. Bm. N. Line. At. 84 (1881) 67-. 
Anon. Bv. Sc.-Ind. 21 (1889) 221-. 
BcvieH, F, Bm. N. Line. At. 46 (1898) 45-. 
Agamennone, G, Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 8 

(1899) (Sem. 1) 41-. 
bifilar. Egidi, G. Bll. V. It. 14 (1887) 86-. 
Brassart apparatus with disc. Brassart, E, 

BU. V. It. 12 (1886) 108-. 
electric. GrabUwitz, G, Bv. Sc.-Ind. 25 

(1898) 198-. 
— . Agamennone, G. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 

9 (1900) {8m. 1) 204-. 
improved form. Herschel, A. S. N. Eng. I. 
. Mn. £. T. 87 (1888) 101-. 
magnetograph as. Mendenhall, T. C. Am. 

As. P. (1890) 89. 
mercury, Cavalli (1784). Baratta, M, [1896] 

Pisa S. Tosc. At. {PV.) 10 (1895-97) 191-. 
— , contributions to history. Baratta, M. 

Pisa S. Tosc. At. {PV.) 10 (1895-97) 248- ; 

11 (1897-98) 84-. 
and seismological investigations. MendenhaU, 

T. C. Am. J. Sc. 85 (1888) 97-. 

Trifilar gravimeter. Schmidt, A. Btr. 
Geope. 4 (1900) 109- . 

Tromoseismometer. Bertelli, T. Bm. N. 
Line. At. 27 (1874) 194-. 

Vibrations, seismic, and seismometric indica- 
tions. Bertelli, T. Bm. N. Line. At. 42 
(1889) 95- ; Bm. N. Line. Mm. 6 (1890) 67-. 



Spring balance. Oeri, — . Sch. Os. Vh. 

(1841) 212-. 
^ — for accurate weighing. Jolly, P. Munch. 

Sb. (1864) (1) 162-. 



Measurement of Force 0825 

Spring balance, improved, for Prony bralEes. 

Wettler, A. Elekttech. Z. 19 (1898) 658-. 
, new. Steinheil, C. A, von, Mdnch. 

Gelehrte Az. 8 (1889) 817-. 
, — form. Linebarger, C. E, P§. Bv. 

11 (1900) 110-. 

Springs, use in apparatus for delicate measure* 

ments. Witz, — . Bruz. S. Sc. A. 21 (1897) 

{Pt. 1) 1»-. 
Steam-engine, measurement of useful force in, 

without brake. Mahi$tre, — . C. B. 46 

(1858) 89-. 
Suspension, bifilar, measurement by. St&helin, 

C. Sch. Gs. N. D. 18 (1858) vi-f 204 pp. 
-^, ~ , mechanical temperature compensation. 

Lixnar, J. Z. Instk. 8 (1888) 18-, 76. 
— , trifilar, use in physical appajutus. Thomp- 

iOUt S. P. B. A. Bp. (1897) 588. 
— , unifilar, value of torsional couple. Limb, 

C. C. B. 114 (1892) 1057-. 
Thermodynamometer, description and theory. 

Berruti, G. Tor. At. Ac. Sc. 7 (1871-72) 

486-. 
Torsion balance, American. Dittmar, W. Z. 

Instk. 10 (1890) 488-. 
, Ck>ulomb's. Muncke, G. W. Pogg. A. 

17 (1829) 159- ; 18 (1880) 289-; 29 (1888) 
881-. 

• , — , modification. Gieseler, — . Bonn 

Niedr. Gs. Sb. (1891) 88. 
• , counteracting change of level in. Kent, 

W. Am. As. P. (1886) 116. 
, effect of bodies at various temperatures 

near arm. Lenz, E. Pogg. A. 25 (1882) 

241-. 
^- — , mirror for use with. Kent,W. Am. As. 

P. (1886) 116-. 
, new. Springer, A, Am. I. Mn. E. T. 

12 (1884) 569-. 

, — experiments. Reich, F. Leip. Ab. 

Mth. Ps. 1 (1852) 888-. 
, oscillations, theory. Brandei, U. W, 

Voigt Mg. 12 (1806) 800-. 

— — , resistance of air. Bailie ^ J. B., d 
Camu, A. C. B. 86 (1878) 571-. 

, terms proportional to square of displace- 
ment in. Bailie, J.B., dt Coma, A. C. B. 
86 (1878) 1001-. 

, unifilar. Tammen, H. G, Carl Bpm. 

18 ri882) 848-. 

— balances. Springer, A. B. A. Bp. (1887) 
686. 

— — , and elasticity of glass threads. Bitehie, 
W. PhU. Trans. (1880) 215-. 

, . Goode, W. H, Franklin 

I. J. 24 (1889) 867-. 

— of fine threads. Bouatse, H. A. C. 11 
(1897) 483-. 

— method of determining small weights. 
Loewenherz, L. (xn) Z. Instk. 1 (1881) 
184-. 

Torsional moments, method of determining. 

Negbaur, W, A. Ps. C. 41 (1890) 681-. 
Trains, energy stored in, at different velocities. 

Dudley, P. H. Am. Eng. & Bailroad J. 78 

(1899) 366. 
— , tractive force, resistance, and acceleration. 

Mallock, A. B. A. Bp. (1900) 877-. 



128 



0835 Fluid Pressure and Velocity 

W»tt and the measorement of power. Preeee, 

W. H, Elect. 88 (1897) 611-. 
Work done by men. Fidd, Ja$. CE. I. T. 2 

(1838) 211-. 
under various oonditions. Coulomb, 

C. A. Par. Mm. de PI. 2 (1799) 380-. 
— of man using crank. Heehtt D. F, N. 

Bergm. J. 4 (1804) 185-. 



0835 Measurement of Fluid 
Pressure and Fluid Velocity. 
(See also Mechanics 2830 and 
Meteorology 0310, 0312, 0314.) 

Action of powder in gun, theoretical determina- 
tion. Wrede, F. J. Stockh. Ak. Hndl. 10 
(1871) No. 1, 42 pp. 

Air meter, integrating. Morin, A. G. B. 54 
(1862) 232-. 

— — for measuring draught for furnaces. 
KaUstenius, O. S. Stockh. Ak. Hndl. (1820) 
260-; Karsten Arch. Bergbau 5 (1822) 
345-. 

velocity of air in flues and chim- 
neys. Fletcher, A. E, B. A. Bp. 37 (1867) 
{Sect.) 33-; 39 (1869) (Sect.) 48-; Lpool. 
Lt. Ph. 8. P. 24 (1870) 31-. 

mines, etc. ConAeSt C. A. Mines 13 

(1838) 103-. 

Barometer, mathematical theory of oscilla- 
tions. LiaU, E. Gherb. Mm. S. Ac. (1852) 
97-. 

— , mercury, new forms. Guglielmo, O. Bm. 
B. Ac. Line. Bd. 2 (1893) (Sem. 1) 474-. 

Gompressibility of gases. Akin, C. K. Ph. 
Mg. 25 (1863) 289-. 

Compression of gases. Detpretz, C, A. G. 34 
(1827) 335-. 

liquids. Degpretz, C. G. B. 21 (1845) 

216-. 

Dubuat's paradox on solid in moving fluid and 

vice versa, Zukov$k\jf N. E. Mosc. S. Sc. 

Bll. 73 {No. 1) (1891) 21-; Pschr. Ps. (1891) 

(Ab. 1) 253-. 
Efflux of air, experiments. Wilder H, Manch. 

Lt. Ph. S. Mm. 10 (1887) 182-. 
Elastic after-effect in spring barometer. Rein- 
hertz, C. Z. Instk. 7 (1887) 153-, 189-. 
Expansive power of compressed air compared 

with that of powder gas. Borkerutein, F. 

Mg. Ntvd. 8 (1828) 121-. 
Flow of fluid down inclined plane. Seddon, J. A . 

[1888] St. Louis Ac. T. 5 (1892) xxvii-. 
gases. Reynolds, O. [1885] Manch. Lt. 

Ph. S. Mm. 10 (1887) 164-. 
, constant. Hugoniot, H, G. B. 102 

(1886) 1545- ; A. G. 9 (1886) 375-. 
Gas governor, needle. Peebles, D, B. [1879] 

Sc. S. Arts T. 10 (1883) 303-. 

— meter, wet. Ullherr, J. C. Dingier 165 
(1862) 259-; 166 (1862) 112-. 

— — , — , at constant level. Moors, B, P. 
Delft £c. Pol. A. 4 (1888) 168- ; 5 (1889) 
139-. 



Manometers 0885 

(Hs meters. Elmer, R, W. (vi Adds.) Berl. 

Pol. Gs. Vh. 17 (1866) 61-. 
, apparatus for gauging. Rutdmann, — . 

Dingier 155 (1860) 337-. 
, improved method of maintaining just 

water level. Sanders, O. Dnbl. B. S. J. 1 

(1856-57) 32-. 

— — , improvements. Abria, — . Bordeaux 
Act. (1850) 509-. 

— , regulation of pressure. CavaiUe-Coll, A, 

G. B. 56 (1868) 339-. 
Gasometer with uniform pressure. Steevens, J. 

Tilloch Ph. Big. 24 (1806) 163- ; 27 (1807) 

34-. 
Impact of water on plane surface, Weisbaoh's 

theory. Smith, W. C, dt Sheble, F. 

Franklin I. J. 124 (1887) 257-. 
Instrument to measure force of blast in bellows, 

etc. Banks, — . [1800] Manch. S. Mm. 5 

(1802) 398-. 
— , and e^riments on 

flow of air from vessels. Gilbert, L. W. 

GUbert A. 22 (1806) 286-. 

MANOMETERS. 

{See aUo 1450.) 

Retiberg, E. F. Gilbert A. 42 (1812) 99-. 
RusseU, H. TiUoch Ph. Mg. 68 (1824) 92-. 
Ziegler-PeUis, J. Act. S. Helv. (1858) 12S-. 
SUva-Pinto, M. V. da. Lisb. J. So. Mth. 3 

(1871) 239-. 
Yagn [Jagn], N. [1876] (xn) Mosc. S. Sc. 

Bll. 39 [No. 2] (1880) 181-. 
Krasvich, K. D. (xn) Bs. G. Ps. S. J. 9 {Ps.) 

(1877) [{Pt. 1)] 252-. 
BrUtol, W. H. Am. As. P. (1888) 89-. 
Villard, — . G. B. 116 (1898) 1124-. 
balance. Schreiber, K. A. P. (xn) Z. 

Instk. 1 (1881) 257-, 288-, 333-. 
bell. Bateau,—. As. Fr. G. B. (1892) (Pt. 1) 

160. 
for blast-engines. Nordenski^ld, N. [1887] 

St. P^t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 3 (1838) 265-. 
Bourdon. Samuelson, A. Giving. 7 (1861) 

455-. 
— . WorthingUm, A. M. Nt. 41 (1890) 296. 
— . GreenhiU, A. G. Nt. 41 (1890) 517-. 
— . Worthington, A. M. Nt. 42 (1890) 125-. 
— . RayUigh,ilA)rd). Nt. 42 (1890) 197. 
— , formulae. lUsal, H. A. Mines 11 (1867) 

381-. 
— , Tait, and Amagat gauges, comparison. 

Barus, C. Ph. Mg. 31 (1891) 400-. 
compensation, for air pressure. Prytz, K, 

Ts. Ps. G. 24 (1885) 129-, 224 ; Fschr. Ps. 

(1885) {Ab. 1) 391-. 
compressed air. Machado, V, [1882] Lisb. 

J. Sc. Mth. 9 (1883) 110-. 

— — . Lutsana, S. N. Gim. 12 (1900) 
237-. 

, general formulae, and for stereometer. 

Volpicelli, P. Tortolini A. 8 (1857) 169-. 
, graduation. Garnault, E. (vn) A. 

G^n. Giv. 2 (1863) (pt. 2) 377-. 
oonstruction ana use. Lemkes, C. i2. L. [1894] 

Glasg. I. Eng. T. 38 (1895) 15-. 



VOL. III. 



129 



0835 



Manometers 



0885 



orosher-, law of resistance of cylinder. Vieille, 

P. G. B. 114 (1892) 1408-. 
— , measurement of pressure by. Kellner, W.j 

dt Deenng, W. H. R. S. P. 57 (1896) 404-. 
— , of explosives by. SarraUf — , dt 

VieiUe, — . 0. B. 102 (1886) 1064-. 
data for use with. Anuigat, E, H. G. B. 99 

(1884) 1017-, 1153-. 
difFerential. IT&nig, A. G. Ztg. 13 (1889) 

1159 ; Dingier 275 (1890) 518-. 

— (K5nig). Kdi, A, Oestr. Z. Brgw. 38 

(1890) 308-. 

— (— ). Broum, M, W, [1892] N. Eng. I. 
Mn. E. T. 41 (1893) 180- ; 42 (1893) 50. 

— mercury. Bavenek^ H, A. 's Gravenh. 
I. Ing. Ts. (1884r-86) (Vh.) 1-. 

— piston, for very high pressures. Amagat^ 
E. H. G. B. 103 (1886) 429-. 

Edson self-recording. Franklin Inst, Comm. 

Franklin I. J. 137 (1894) 241-. 
electric. Deprez, M. Par. S. Ps. S6. (1879) 

20-. 
— , for small variations of pressure. Richard, 

G., (JB Richard, L. C. B. 112 (1891) 1359-. 
Kundt's. Dvordk, F. Wien Sb. 68 (1873) 

(Ah, 2) 7-. 
2-hquid amplifying. Grenier, W, Laus. S. 

Vd. Bll. 13 (1874-75) 652-. 

— difFerential. Achard, A. Arch. So. Ps. 
Nt. 49 (1874) 344-. 

McLeod gauge and air pumps. Berlin, A. A. 

G. 19 (1880) 231-. 
metallic, theory. Marangoni, C, (xn) Bv. 

Sc.-Ind. 12 (1880) 326-. 
mioromanometer. Smits, A. Amst. Ak. Vs. 

4 (1896) 145-, 198 ; 5 (1897) 292- ; Arch. 

N^rl. 1 (1898) 97-. 
mirror. Parragh, Q. Termt. Kdzl. 20 (1888) 

{Suppl,) 78- ; Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 6 (1889) 

408-. 
— . Kont,G. Mth. Termt. 6t8. 12 (1894) 277-. 
new method of reading. Marek, W, J, Garl 

Bpm. 16 (1880) 585-. 
open (Bichard). Combes, C. A. Mines 7 

(1845) 481-. 
— . Hemptinne, A. D. de, Brux. Ac. Bll. 12 

(1845) 541-. 
— , on Eiffel Tower. Cailletet, L. G. B. 112 

(1891) 764-. 

— , . Nansouty, M, de, G^n. Giv. 18 

(1890-91) 385-. 
— , for high pressures. Cailletet, L. G. B. 84 

(1877) 8^-. 
— , — low pressures. Marnier, A. Dingier 

255 (1885) 471-. 
for high pressures. Seaward, S» Tilloch Ph. 

Mg. 63 (1824) 36-. 
. Cailletet, L. G. B. 83 (1876) 1211- ; 

Les Mondes 42 (1877) 50-, 239-, 450-. 

. Maris, G. I. ME. P. (1880) 455-. 

. Tait, P. G. Edinb. B. S. P. 10 

(1880) 572-. 

. Thiesen, M. F, (xn) Z. Instk. 1 

(1881) 114-. 

— — — . Nansauty, M, de. G6n. Giv. 9 
(1886) 19-. 

— low pressures of gas. McLeod, H. L Ps. 
8. P. 1 (1876) 30- ; Ph. Mg. 48 (1874) 110-. 



Bateau's, with magnified scale. Hauer, J, von* 

Oestr. Z. Brgw. 41 (1893) 5-. 
self-recording. Giltay,J, W. [1882] 'sGiayenh. 

I. Ing. Ts. (1883) 95-. 
, for guns. ViHUe, P. G. B. 112 (1891) 

1052-. 
, for high pressures. Minotti, N. G, Venv 

At. 5 (1846) 311-. 
, . Parenty,H. G. B. 102 (1886) 

811- ; Dingier 264 (1887) 74-. 
sensitive. VUlard, — . G. B. 116 (1898) 

1187-. 
— . Charpentier, P. G. B. 120 (1895) 

439-. 
of simple construction. Gtiglielmo, G. Bv. 

Sc.-Ind. 25 (1893) 175-. 
spring, apparatus for testing. Giltay, J, W. 

Z. Instk. 5 (1885) 395-. 
standard. Kamerlifigh Onnes, H, Amst. Ak. 

Vs. 8 (1900) 45-; Amst. Ak. P. 2 (1900) 

29-. 
— , mercury meniscus, correction. Sehalkwijk, 

J. C. [1900-01] Amst. Ak. Vs 9 (1901) 

462-, 512- ; Amst. Ak. P. 3 (1901) 421-, 

481-. 
— open, of reduced height. Kamerlingh 

Onnes, H. [1898] Amst. Ak. Vs. 7 (1899) 

176-; Amst. Ak. P. 1 (1899) 218-. 
telegraphic. Armellini, T. Bm. N. Lino. At. 

28 (1875) 229-. 
uniformly sensitive. Moutier, J, Par. S. 

Phlm. BU. 1 (1877) 171-. 
for highest vacua. Sut?terland, W, Ph. Mg. 

43 (1897) 83-. 
vapour-tension. Perrier, L. G. B. 91 (1880) 

538-. 
water. Forbes, J, D, Edinb. N. Ph. J. 19 

(1835) 36-. 
— , and anemometer. SiUiman, J. M. [1888] 

Am. I. Mn. E. T. 17 (1889) 66-. 
WoUaston's. Napier, J, JR. Glasg. T. I. Eng. 

12 (1869) 119-. 



Manometry, influence of weight on. Kapustin, 

T. Bs. Ps.-G S. J. 26 {Ps,) (1894) 807- ; 

J. de Ps. 4 (1895) 585-. 
Manostat. SmxU, A, [1897] Amst. Ak. Vs. 

6 (1898) 321- ; Z. Ps. G. 33 (1900) 89-. 
Measurement of air enclosed in barometer. 

Schreiber, P. Exner Bpm. 22 (1886) 162-. 
— in mines. Dickinson, J, [1875] 

Manch. Gl. S. T. 14 (1878) 31-. 
draught and analysis of gas, apparatus. 

Kasalovsky, J. Oestr. Z. Brgw. 26 (1878) 

407-. 
in chimneys. Schwartz, L. Erdm. 

J. Tech. G. 2 (1828) 345-. 
very high vacua. Rood, 0. N. Am. J. 

Sc. 22 [1881) 90-. 
— — velocity by gauging tube. Bazin, H. 

A. Pon. Ghauss. 14 (1887) 195-. 
vis viva of fluid in pipe. Masoni, U. 

Nap. I. Inc. At. 11 (1898) No. 2, 4 pp. 
Motion of steam in tubes. Auscher, — . A. 

Mines 7 (1895) 325-. 
Pascal's principle, experimental demonstration. 

Pisati, G. N. Gim. 27 (*1868) 351-. 



130 



0885 



Fluid Pressure 



0885 



Piezometers osed in hydranlio inveBtigations, 

experiments. Millt,H,F. [1878] Am. Ao. 

P. 14 (1879) 26-. 
Pitot*8 tabe. Rateau, — . A. Mines 18 (1898) 

881-. 
, modifications. Darey^ H, Dijon Mm« 

Ac. 6 (1857) {pU. 2) 159-. 
Pneumatic analogae of potentiometer. Shaw, 

W.N. B. A. Rp. (1898) 778-. 
Wheat8tone*s bridge. Shaw, W. N. 

R. S. P. 47 (1890) 462-. 

— brakes. Huberti, A. Ry. Un. Mines 1 
(1888) 1-. 

— — , qaick working. Kapteyn, A, P. 
'sGravenh. I. Ing. Ts. (1888-89) {Vh,) 103-, 
122-. 

Powder gases, movement in bore of gon. 
Piobert, — . C. R. 49 (1869) 757-, 829-, 
909-, 953-. 

i 

PRESSURE. 

Sevan, B, Ph. Mg. 6 (1829) 284-. 

Moutier, J. Par. S. Phlm. BU. 11 (1874) 48-. 

Merubrugghe, O. van der, Bmx. S. Sc. A. 18 

(1894) (Ft, 1) 16-. 
of air, application in water installations. 

Herhold, — . Hann. Aioht.-Yr. Z. 31 (1885) 

509-. 
, balance. PerrigatUt, — . Les Mondes 

38 (1875) 355-. 
in air-pipes. Pagliani, S,, dt Moruani, E. 

Nap. I. Inc. At. 5 (1892) No, 3, 24 pp. 
changes, measurement apparatus. Wolff, L. C. 

Z. Instk. 4 (1884) 50-. 
— t — by mirror method. Rdntgen, W, C. A. 

Ps. G. 51 (1894) 414. 
and density, relations, deduced from principle 

of energy. Herran, A. As. Fr. G. R. (1898) 

{Pt, 1) 133-. 
difference between hydrostatic and hydraulic. 

WallenHn, J. G. A. Ps. G. 4 (1878) 294-. 
Yon Drieberg's views. KenHng, R, [1845] 

(vm) Riga Cor.-Bl. 1 (1846) 81-. 
effective, in hydraulic presses, arrangement of 

levers for measurement. KUpping, H. Garl 

Rpm. 17 (1881) 662-. 
exerted by flow of liquid. Bemardi, E. Yen. 

I. At. (1887-88) 1309-. 
of explosives. VieiUe, P. As. Fr. G. R. (1890) 

{Pt. 1) 53-. 

— fluid jet on wedge. Kotelnikov, A, P. 
Kazan S. Nt. IPs.-Mth.) P. 8 (1890) 4-; 
Fschr. Ps. (1889) (Ah. 1) 858-. 

— fluids in motion. Bonnyautle, C. [1840] 
Am. Ph. S. T. 7 (1841) 113-. 

— — — — , instrument for measuring. 
Caligny, A, de. Par. S. Phlm. PV. (1840) 
106-. 

— gas, measurement under different condi- 
tions. Prytt, K. Ts. Ps. G. 30 (1891) 
289—. 

, regulation. Obach, E. Tel. E. J. 14 

(1885) 339-. 

— — , regulator. Murrill, P, Mcr. S. J. 
(1898) 480-. 

, regulators. Peebles, D, B, [1876] Sc. 

S. Arts T. 9 (1878) 351-. 



of gas, theories, critical account. Gotiewtki, W, 

Par. T. Nauk 6c. Pam. 5 (*1874) Art. 2, 

15 pp. 
gaseous, small. Brueh, C. F, Ph. Mg. 44 

(1897) 415-. 
high. CaiUeUt, L. A. G. 19 (1880) 386-. 
— . Marie, G. A. Mines 19 (1881) 104-. 
— . Barus, C. Am. Ac. P. 26 (1890) 93-. 
— . Jacobtu, D. S. Am. As. P. (1893) 123-. 
— . LUeU, E. Stockh. dfv. (1898) 697-. 
— . Palmer, A. de F. Am. J. So. 6 (1898) 

451-. 
— , apparatus for production. Stratum, S. W, 

Ph. Mg. 38 (1894) 160. 
indicator for pneumatic brake. Kapteyn, A. P. 

[1886] 's Oravenh. I. Ing. Ts. (1886-87) 

{Vh.) 102-. 
Westinghouse brake. Kapteyn, A, P. 

Rv. Un. Mines 19 (1886) 86-. 
internal. Steinhauter, A. Garl Rpm. 13 (1877) 

286-. 
— , in moving liquid. Bouennesq, J. Liouv. 

J. Mth. 9 (1883) 425-. 
kinetic, in homogeneous and incompressible 

fluid. Gotiewtki, W. Krk. Ak. {Mt.'Prz.) 

Pam. 17 (1890) 128- ; Gic. Ac. Sc. Bll. 

(1889) No. 9, XIX-. 
lateral, apparatus for demonstrating. Carl, P. 

Garl Rpm. 11 (1875) 68-. 
laws, apparatus for demonstrating. Strehl, K, 

Gztg. Opt. 18 (1897) 181-. 
in light fluids. Julius, V. A. Mbl. Nt. (1887) 

. PlaaU, J. D. van der. Mbl. Nt. 

(1888) 23-. 
methods of measuring. Rcjat, F. de P. (xn) 

Barcel. Ac. Mm. 1 (1878) 237-. 
. Guglielmo, G. Rm. R. Ac. Line. 

Rd. 2 (1893) (Sem. 2) 8-. 
on part of surface of fluid. Schiller, N. Mosc. 

S. Sc. Bll. 91 {No. 1) (1894) 31-. 
— plate and wedge by Kirohhoff's method. 

Rethy, M. (xn) Orv.-Term. £ts. 4 (1879) 

{Term. Szak) 105-. 
potential. Lyapunov, A. M. (zn) Rs. Ps.- 

G. S. J. 13 (Pt.) (1881) UPt. l[] 351-. 
problem. MalfatH, G. F. Mod. S. It. Bfm. 

12 (1805) 100-. 
produced by change of velocity in water pipes. 

Frizell, J. P. Am. S. GE. T. 39 (1898) 1-. 
explosive gaseous mixtures. Petavel, J. E. 

B. A. Rp. (1900) 655-. 
powder gases, acoelerograph of Deprez 

for measuring. Sebert, H. Par. S. Ps. H6. 

(1879) 107-. 
regulation in gasometers. Ndggerath, E, J. 

Giving. 2 (1856) 67-. 
in running water. SchSnemann, T. Berl. Mb. 

(1861) 1136-. 
small. Fitzgerald, G. F., dt Joly, J. [1888] 

Dubl. S. Sc. P. 6 (1888-90) 128-. 
sounding apparatus for ships. Anon. Rv. 

Sc.-Ind. [24 (1892)] 220-. 
statical and dynamical, of water. Bainbridge, 

E. N. Eng. I. Mn. E. T. 21 (1872) 49-. 
of stream of air on flat plate. WiUitt {Prof,) 

R. [1828] Gamb. Ph. S. T. 8 (1880) 129-. 



131 



l2 



0835 Flnid Pressure Fluid Velocity 0835 

of stream, infinite, on wedge-shaped wall. Theory of efflax of elastic floids. HugcmAot^ — . 

BohuiUv, D. K, (zn) Bs. P8.-G. 8. J. 18 Par. S. Ps. S^. (1887) 7-. 

(P«.) (1881) [Pt, 1} 63- ; (a) A. Ps. G. Beibl. Vaoaum produced by air current. Oirouard, 

6(1882)168-. (Dr.)—. Les Mondes 6 (1864) 518-. 
at right angles to direction of current. 

Ludwigt C, <t Stefan^ J. Wien SB. 82 VELOCITY 

(1858) 25-. 

— streams. Cattaneo, G. [1822] Padova N. Vautier, T, C. R. 108 (1886) 872-. 

Sag. 2 (1825) 224-. of air. SerreU, E. ASr. S. Bp. 17 (1882) 

on surface of immersed body. Bazzaboni, C. 5-. 

[1862] (zi) Mod. Ac. Sc. Mm. 5 (1868) 8-. currents, underground. Fuchi, P. Z. 

, plane or curved. MartynowsH, A. Berg- H.- Salw. 47 (1899) (Ab.) 227-; 48 

Par. T. Nauk Sc. Pam. 8 (*1878) 215- ; 4 (1900) (Ab.) 12-. 

(*1874) Art. 1, 78 pp. — — , oistnbution over section of tube. 
, — , theory. Steen, A. [1872] Kj6b. Recknagel, G. D. Nf. Vh. (1899) {Th. 2, 

Skr. 9 (1878) 589- (Bes. 558-). Hdlfte 1) 76-. 

and temperature measurements, capillary cor- in pipes. Donkin, B, I. C£. P. Ill 

reotions. Pemet, J. Z. Instk. 6 (1886) 377-. (1893) 845-. 

theory. Coumot, A. A. {yi Add$A Ferussac rushing into vacuum. Wilde^H. VLbjix^, 

Bll. Sc. Mth. 9 (1828) 10-. Lt. Ph. S. Mm. 10 (1887) 146-. 

— . Moont B. Ph. Mg. 36 (1868) 27-, 116-. in spout. Hana/ppe^ S. Bv. Un. Mines 

true theory as applied to elastic fluids. Moon, 40 (1897) 114-. 

B. (vm) Ph. Mg. 26 (1863) 70-. — currents, adaptation of Bobinson's anemo- 
variation in fluid in motion. Lagerl^elm, P. meter to measurement. Bazzabord, C. 

Sk. Nf. F. 8 (1842) 819-. Bologna Ac. Sc. Mm. 8 (1887) 597-. 

on wall (passage m Fischer's Physics). Volpi- of air or water carrying mineral grains 

ceUi, P. G. Aroad. 49 (1881) 108-. in suspension. Thotdet, J, G. B. 97 (1883) 
( ) (Volpicelli). Oddi, G. 1513- ; A. Mines 5 (1884) 507-. 

G. Aroad. 50 (1831) 62-. — — , Amsler's hydrometric apparatus, 

of water at different depths. Borel, F. Neuch. Zdziarski, A, Am. Eng. & Bailroad J. 67 

Bll. 7 (pt. 2) (1866) 155-. (1893) 239-. 

— -^ against foundations. Brmnecke, L. Z. , and direction, instrument for measuring, 

Bauw. 86 (1886) 101-, iv. Leupold*s electric. Weber, L. Elektteoh. 

on walls of pipes. Turazza, D. Guyper Z. 7 (1886) 803-. 

Bv. Un. 29 (1871) 405-. , , instruments for recording. Jonez, 

J. B. B. S. P. 24 (1876) 821-. 

— — , — — , observations at single point. 

E$tignard, X. Bv. Mar. 88 (1878) 224-. 

Beaction of liquid jet. Webb, J. B. Franklin , . reiristerinff apparatus for. Weber, 

I. J. 124 (1887) 144-, 468-; 125 (1888) 81-. l. [1896] Schl-HolstrNt. Vr. Sohr. 11 

— produced by efflux of fluids in vessels con- (1898) 61. 

taining them. Brunacci, V. Brugnatelli , experiments. Fouombroni, V, Siena At. 

O. 7 (1814) 89-; Mil. Mm. I. Lomb. Ven. 3 Ac. 9 (1808) 261-. 

(1816-17) 257-. , hydrometric pendulum for measuring. 

Besistance to air currents in mines. Elwen, BonaH, T. Mod. Mm. S. It. 8 (1799) 485-. 

T. L. [1889] N. Eng. L Mn. E. T. 88 (1891) , . Venturoli, G. [ia>9-14] 

^06-. Mod. S. It. Mm. 14 (1809) 158- ; Bologna 
. Murgue, D. [1893-94] Opusc. Sc. 1 (1817) 81-. 

Fed. I. Mn. E. T. 6 (1894) 185-, 418- ; 7 , . Gentner, F. J. van. [1819] 

(1894) 211-. B5hm. Gs. Ab. 6 (1820) 92 pp. 

— formula for river flow. Seddon, J, -i. St. ^ instrument for measuring. Begnier, E. 

Louis Ac. T. 5 (1892) Ivi. Nicholson J. 29 (1811) 68-. 

Bheometer, application to Drummond's light , . [Barilli, G.] FUopanH, Q. B. 

and to the analysis of gas-burners. Lemoine, n. a. Sc. Nt. 5 (1841) 165-. 

i. As. Fr. G. B. 2 (1878) 153-. , . Steams, F. P. Am. S. GB. 

Bhysimeter. FUteher, A. E, B. A. Bp. 41 T. 12 (1883) 301-. 

(1871) (Sect.) 234-. , , azta ritrometrica. B<nuUi, T. 

Siuety valve, Dulac*s, experiments. Walckenaer, Verona Mm. S. It. 2 (1784) 676-; Mod. Mm. 

C. A. Mines 16 (1889) 124-. S. It. 8 (1799) 435- ; MU. Mm. I. Lomb. Yen. 

— valves. Libert, J. Bv. Un. Mines 20 (1892) 3 (1816-17) 85-. 

269-. , , . Venturoli, G. Bologna 

Suction by blowing. Schinz, E. Bern Mt. Opusc. Sc. 1 (1817) 141-. 

(1869) 104-. , , . PoletH, G. Bologna 

— phenomenon. CcUigny, A. de. Par. S. Phlm. Opusc. Sc. 2 (1818) 394-. 

PV. (1843) 30-. , . electric. Fucks, K. Elekttech. 

Sympiezometers, Adie's, and Gummins's, obser- Z. 8 (1887) 74-, 150. 

vations with. Swart, J. Tindal Vh. Zee- , , — . Weber, L. Elekttech. Z. 

wezen 8 (1843) 613-. 8 (1887) 149-. 

132 



0835 Moid Velocity 

of ouirentB, instroment for measuring, new. 
Bazzaboni, C. Bologna Ac. So. Mm. 10 
(1879) 185-. 

— — , — , recording. Bazzaboni, C. 

Bm. At. B. Ac. 26 (1878) 512-. 

, , testing. Oordon, R. I. ME. 

P. (1884) 190-. 
, , Wolfcmann's. Eytdwein, J. Am 

Berl. Ab. (1816-17) 23-. 
, , — . BaumgarXtn, — . Par. A. 

Pon. Chauss. 14 (1847) 826-. 

, , — . U^iv^XU, — . Par. A. 

Pon. Chauss. 19 (1860) 216-. 
, , — . TrtviramMMy L, O, Fdrster 

Al. Bauztg. 26 (1861) 125-. 
, , — . CtUmann, K, Zur. Vjschr. 

13 (1868) 392-. 
, , — . Kvatsay, E. von. [1876] 

A. Pon. Chauss. 13 (1877) 236-. 
, , — . BateaUf — . A. Mines 18 

(1898) 331-. 
, , — , formula of velocity. Sasse^ 

— . Z. Bauw. 24 (1874) 77-; 26 (1876) 

483-. 

— — , vertical parabola in measurements. 
84u$e, — . (xi) Hann. Archt-Vr. Z. 19 
(1873) 191-. 

measurement at sea. Schiick^ A, Z. Instk. 5 
(1885) 385-. 

of ocean currents. Fazci^ A, Bv. Mar. 27 
(1869) 761- ; 28 (1870) 162-. 

at great depths. Suchier^ E, Hann. 

Archt.-Vr. Z. 31 (1885) 373-. 

and pressure in current. Mictulotti, J. [1805] 
Turin Mm. Ac. (1805-08) 181-. 

of rivers, and Harlacher*s hydrometrio ap- 
paratus and methods. Bingel^ A, Civing. 
31 (1885) 357-. 

— — , instrument for measuring, electric. 
Harlacher, A. B. [1883] Tel. E. J. 18 
(♦1884) 148-. 

, new method of measuring. PoUtti, O, 

Mod. Mm. S. It. 19 (1821} (Mi.) 330-. 

— streams. Focaxicit F. Mod. S. It. Mm. 18 
(1807) 390-. 

. Delprat, J. P. Amst. N. Vh. 10 (1844) 

157- ; Amst. Vh. 3 (1850) 55-. 

— — at various depths, apparatus for 
measuring. Bitter, C, As. Fr. C. B. (1889) 
{Pt. 2) 379-. 

— — — — — , investigated by Briinings' 
measurements. Hagen, G. H. L, Berl. Ak. 
Ab. (1883) {Mth., Ab. 1) 79 pp. 

, instrument for measuring. MiUler, W, 

Dingier 304 (1897) 8-. 

subaqueous, graphic representation (Hum- 
phreys and Abbot). Fambri, P., dt Bevy, 
J. J. Bm. B. Ac. Line. T. 2 (1878) 149-. 

of water in torrents and under glaciers, experi- 
ments. VaUot, (Mme.) G., dt Vallot, J. 
Mt. Blanc Obs. A 4 (1900) 19-. 



Elastic Deformation 0840 



0840 Elastic Deformation of 
Solids. Compressibility and 
Rigpidity. Elongation, Torsion, 
Flexnre, Yonng's Modnlus. 

(See Mechanics: 



3200 
3210 



3220 



3230 
3240 
3245 
3250 
3260 

3270 
3280 



Elasticity, general. 

Strain and stress. Stress-strain 
relations. Strain-energy. JEolo- 
tropy. Crystals. 

Equations of elastic deformation 
and motion. General solutions. 
Special eolations. Vibrations. 

Torsion and flexure of prisms. 

Elastic rods and wires ; springs. 

Elastic firameworks. 

Elastic plates and shells. 

Impact and rebound. Travelling 
loads. 

Stability of elastic systems. 

Principles of construction, includ- 
ing approximate formulsB for re- 
sistance of materials.) 



Water measurer, theory. Saviniire, i. G6n. 
Civ. 9 (1886) 214-. 



Experimental determination of 
elastic constants. 

(See aUo Mechanics 3600, 3630, 3650.) 



CAOUTCHOUC. 

Qough.J. [1808] Manoh. Ph. S. Mm. 1 (1805) 

288-. 
oontraotion by heat. Oezekhut [Hezehut], N. A. 

(xn) Rs. Ps.-C. S. J. 15 (P«., Pt. 1) (1888) 

lOa-; J. de Ps. 8 (1884) 459-. 
elasticity. ViUan, E. (v) N. Gim. 1 (1869) 

332-, 361-. 
— and thermal expansion. OraetZt L. A. Ps. 

C. 28 (1886) 354-. 
physical properties. Lundal, A.E. A. Ps. C. 

66 (1898) 741-. 
Poisson's ratio for. Bantgen, W. C, A. Ps. 

C. 159 (1876) 601-. 
. BeUati, M., dt N<iecari, A. Yen. I. 

At. 8 (1877) 679-. 

. Amagat,E.H. C. B. 99 (1884) 180-. 

and after-effect. Pulfrichf C. A. Ps. C. 

28 (1886) 87-. 
stress • strain relations. ThurttoUt B. JET. 

Science 6 (1897) 758-; 7 (1898) 522-. 
. BroomaU, C. M. Science 8 (1898) 

678-. 
temperature, effect on elasticity. SehmuUwitzeh, 

J. [1869] St. P^t. Ac. Sc. BU. 14 (1870) 

517-. 



133 



0840 Elastic Moduli 

temperature, effect on elasticity. Exner, F. 

[1873] (n) Wien Ak. Sb. 69 (1874) (Ah. 2) 

102-. 
— . . Tait, P. G, [1879] Edinb. R. 

S. P. 10 (1880) 52-, 90-. 
— , . Ruitner, J. A. Ps. C. 43 (1891) 

683-. 
— * , analogy between oaoatohonc and 

gelatine. BjerkiUt P. von. A. Ps. G. 43 

(1891) 817-. 

— and loading, effects. SchmulewiUcht J, 
Zur. Vjschr. 11 (1866) 201-. 

— — tension, effects. Thonuu, P. Les 
Mondes 19 a869) 575-. 

, — (Thomas). Govt, O, Les Mondes 

19 (1869) 640-. 

, — (Qovi). Thomas, P. Les Mondes 

20 (1869) 8*. 

, — . Madan,H,0. Nt. 32 (1885) 625. 

tension, effect. Puichl, C. Wien Ak. Sb. 97 

(1889) {Ab, 2a) 660-. 
— , — . CanUme, M, Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 31 

(1898) 1521-. 
torsion. Cantoned M., dt CorUinOt G, Mil. 

I. Lomb. Bd. 32 (1899) 189-. 
volcanised india-mboer. MaUoekf A. B. S. 

P. 46 (1890) 233-. 
, variation with tension. MacGregor, 

J. G. [1899] N. Scotia I. So. P. & T. 10 

(1903) xxviii-. 
, . Hebh, T. G. [1900] N. 

Scotia I. Sc. P. & T. 10 (1903) 273-. 



Cat-gat, strength and elasticity. Karmarsch, 
K. Dingier 81 (1841) 427-. 

COMPRESSIBILITY. 

(Su also Mechanics 3600 Boilding Ma- 
terials and Resistance to Crashing.) 

cubical, of some solids. Wertheim, G. C. B. 

51 (1860) 969-. 
and ^asticity of water. Araldi, M. Bologna 

Mm. I. It. 2 (1808) 327-. 

experiments. Ortied, H. C. Ei5b. Dn. Yd. 

Selsk. Afh. 2 (1826)289-; Eidb. Ov. (1825-26) 

15; (1826-27)12-. 
of glass and metals np to high pressures. 

Amagat, E. H. C. B. 108 (1889) 727-. 
at high pressure of various bodies. Lenz, E., 

dt Parrot, — . [1832] St. P6t. Ac. Sc. Mm. 2 

(1833) 595-. 
of liquids, influence of temperature. Heen, 

P. de. Bruz. Ac. BU. 9 (1885) 550-. 

— — , measurement, eliminating volume- 
change of containing vessel. Bogutki, J. J. 
Kosmos (Lw.) 13 (1888) 243- ; Z. Ps. C. 2 
(1888) 120-. 

— mercury, and elasticity of solids. Amagat, 
E. H. J. de Ps. 8 (1889) 197-, 359-; A. 
C. 22 (1891) 95-; Par. S. Ps. S^. (1891) 102-. 

— mud, amount of water removable by com- 
pression. Ducloutt J. Arg. S. Ci. A. 37 
(1894) 30-. 



Ohm 0840 

Contraction of elastic solids, ooeflloient. Grof , 

— . C. B. 102 (1886) 418-. 
Deformation of elastic bodies, woik done in. 

Steiner, F. Dingier 251 (1884) 289-. 
Dynamical coefficients of steel, iron, brass, oak 

and teak. HaughUm, 8. [1862] Ir. Ac. P. 

8 (1864) 86-. 
Ebonite, constants of elasticity, density, etc. 

CampaniU, F. Nap. Bd. 83 (1894) 63-. 
Fatigue of elasticity. PeddU, W, [1900] 

Edmb. B. S. P. 23 (1902) 90. 
Flexure, resistance to. Buff, H. (vn) Fogg. 

A. {Jubelbd.) (1874) 349-. 

— , . Holzmmier, F. G. Z. Nw. 8 (1878) 

59-. 
_, . Curioni, G. Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 17 

(1881) 256-. 
— , . JTdl, A. Oeetr. Z. Bzgw. 86 (1888) 

466-. 
— , . Amsler-Laffon, J. Jero-Kont. A. 

52 (1898) 1-. 

— tests. Wehb, J. B. Am. As. P. (1893) 
139-. 

Gelatine, Poisson's ratio in. Maurer, B, A. 
Ps. C. 28 (1886) 628-. 

— solutions, elasticity. Fraa$, E. A. Pb. C. 

53 (1894) 1074-. 

GLASS. 

compressibility. Buchanan, J. Y. Edinb. B. 
S. T. 29 (1880) 589-. 

— and crushing. Tait, P. G. [1881] Edinb. 

B. S. P. 11 (1882) 204-. 

— , deformation of tubes by high pressure. 

Amayat, E. H. C. B. 90 (1880) 868-. 
— , — — vessels under internal piresBoxe. 

Agamennone, G., dt BonetH, F. Bm. B. Ao. 

Line. Bd. 1 (1885) 665-, 699-. 

— and tensile strength. Fairhaim, W,, 
dt TaU, T. Phil. Trans. (1859) 218-. 

Young's modulus. Amagat, E, H. 0. 

B. 108 (1889) 228-. 

elastic constants and moduli. S&aubd, R, 

A. Ps. C. 68 (1899) 369-. 
elasticity and cohesion. Chevandier, E,, 

dt WerthHm, G. C. B. 20 (1845) 1687- ; A. 

C. 19 (1847) 129-. 

hardness. Auerbach, F. A. Ps. C. 68 

(1894) 1000-. 
strength at high temperatures. KowaUH, 

J. von. A. Ps. C. 39 (1890) 155-. 
, influence of composition. HenHvoMx^ 

J. Bv. Sc. 46 (1890) 776-. 
, . Winkdmann, A.,db SehoU, 

O. [1893] A. Ps. C. 51 (1894) 697-. 
flexural rigidity. Connert, F. Giving. 34 

(1888) 1-, 109-, 621-. 
Poisson's ratio for. Voigt, W. A. Ps. C. 15 

(1882) 497-. 
rigidity. KowaUki, J. Prace Mt.-Fis. 1 

(1888) 91-; A. Ps. C 36 (1889) 307-. 
— , experiments. Everett, J. D. Phil. Trans. 

156 (1866) 185-. 
— , — . Brodmann, C. CNitt. Nr. (1894) 

44-. 
tempered and untempered, elastic propertieB. 

Lvdwig, W. Ps. Z. 1 (1900) 124-. 



134 



0840 Ice. Iron and Steel 

torsion-modalas, determination. Franklin^ 

W, S., db Spinney, L. B. Pb. Rv. 4 (1897) 

498-. 
variation with temperature. Amagat, E, H. 

C. B. 110 (1890) 1246-. 
. Winkelmann, A, A. Ps. C. 61 

(1897) 106-. 
and pressure. Beggianiy N. Rm. R. 

Ac. Line. Rd. 1 (1892) {Sem. 1) 298-. 



Gatta percha belting, tensile strength. FeUt- 
mantel, C. Ing. 2 (1860) 107-. 

Homan body, elasticity and cohesion of 
principal tissues. Wertheim, G. G. R. 23 
(1846) 1151- ; A. C. 21 (1847) 886-. 

ICE, 

Trowbridge, J., db MeRae, A, L. Am. J. Sc. 

29 (188^ 349-. 
compressibility. Bianeoni, O. G, Bologna 

Ac. Sc. Mm. 6 (1876) 626-. 
crushing, resistance to. Dieaen, G. van, 

Amst. Vs. Ak. 5 (1871) (Nik.) 326-. 
— , . Lohman, E. J, de 8. Amst. Vs. 

Ak. 6 (1871) (Ntk.) 328-. 
elasticity. Sevan, B, Phil. Trans. (1826) 

304-. 

— and ductility. Fabian, O, Carl Rpm. 13 
(1877) 447-. 

— modulus. Reusch, F, E. v<m, A. Ps. C. 9 
(1880) 329-. 

— and plasticity. Bianconi, 0.0, J. de Ps. 
6 (1876) 317-. 

— , plasticity and after-strain. Koch, K, R, 

Freiburg B. 8 (1886) 314-. 
flexibility. Bianconi, G, O. Bologna Ac. Sc. 

Mm. 1 (1871) 166- ; G. R. 82 (1876) 1193-. 
resistance and strength. Forel, F, A, Rv. Sc. 

61 (1893) 379. 
sustaining power. Vedel, P, Franklin I. J. 

140 (1896) 365-, 437-. 
thermal conductivity, expansion and hardness. 

Andrews, T, R. S. P. 40 (1886) 644-. 

IRON AND STEEL, 

Styffe, K, Jem-Kont. A. 21 (1866) 11-; 

Dingier 186 (1867) 205-, 282-. 
AppUby, P. V, I. CE. P. 74 (1883) 268-. 
Mayer, D, A. Pon. Chauss. 12 (1886) 726-. 
Contamin, —, Par. Ing. Giv. Mm. (1891) {Pt. 

2) 275-. 
Anomalous elastic properties. Kreuzpointner, 

P. Franklin I. J. 149 (1900) 321- ; 150 

(1900) 329-, 460-. 
Austrian varieties. Kupffer, A, T, Oestr. Z. 

Bi^. 11 (1863) 209-. 
Coefficients of specific effort, determination by 

Wdhler's experiments. Clericetti, C. Guyper 

Rv. Un. 11 (1882) 596- ; Mil. I. Lomb. Rd. 

16 (1883) 501-. 

Effects of Temperature, 

on after-strain and longitudinal modulus. 
Miller, A, Miinch. Ak. Sb. 12 (1882) 877-. 



Effects of Temperature, iron 0840 

anomalous expansion on repeated heating and 

cooling. Svedditu, O, E, Jem-Kont. A. 

61 (1897) 202- ; Ph. Ms. 46 (1898) 173-. 
cold. Jotde, J, P, Manch. Lt. Ph. S. P. 10 

(1871) 91-. 
— . Rudeloff^ ^' Dingier 299 (1896) 18^. 
— , action on iron. Brockbank, W, Manch. 

Lt. Ph. S. P. 10 (1871) 77-. 
— , . Spence, P, Blanch. Lt. Ph. S. 

P. 10 (1871) 94-. 110-. 
— , . Johnson, W, H, Manch. Lt. 

Ph. S. P. 10 (1871) 97-. 
— , (Spence). Bojoendell, J, Manch. 

Lt. Ph. S. P. 10 (1871) 124-. 
— , (wrought). Carpenter, R, C, Am. 

As. P. (1897) 181-. 
— , great. Oautier, F, G^n.Civ. 1 (*1880-81) 

481-. 
— , — , action on oast iron and steel. KUpcke, 

— , dt Hartig, — . Giving. 38 (1892) 207-. 
— , — , soft Thomas iron. Vdvra, A, 

Oestr. Z. Brgw. 40 (1892) 139-. 
— , — , structunJ iron. Steiner, F. S. 

G. In. J. 10 (1891) 1008-. 
— , sudden, action on nearly pure iron. 

Sauveur, A, S. G. In. J. 16 (1897) 1017. 
heat, blue, injurious effect Strcmeyer, C, E. 

L CE. P. 84 (1886) 114-. 
high temperatures, action on wrought iron and 

steel. Roelker, C, R, Franklin I. J. 82 

(1881J 241-. 
, physical changes due to. Wrightson, T. 

I. A S. L J. (1879) 418- ; (1880) 11-. 
iron. Anon, Am. Eng. A Railroad J. 67 

(1893) 173-. 
— , changes produced by thermal treatment. 

Ball, E. J, I, A S. L J. (1890) (No. 1) 85- ; 

(1891) (No, 1) 103-. 
— , heated. Johnson, W. R, Silliman J. 1 

(1846) 299-. 
— , — (wire). Daglish, J, N. Eng. L Mn. E. 

T. 8 (1869-60) 181-. 
— , — . KoUmann, J. (Ing,) Oestr. Z. Brgw. 

28 (1880) 611-, 623-, 631-, 647-. 
— , — . Martens, — . [1890] I. CE. P. 104 

(1891) 209-. 
— > — » permanent and temporary changes in. 

Tomlinson, H, L. Ps. S. P. 8 (1887) 171- ; 

Ph. Mg. 23 (1887) 246-. 
on tenacity. Anon, Jem-Kont. A. 46 (1891) 

la-. 

Iron, 



Hausmann, J. F, L. Pogg. A. 61 (1840) 441-. 
Oaly-Achi, — . C. R. 129 (1899) 1230-. 
bar-iron, elasticity and strength. Hausmann, 

J. F, L. Gdtt. Stud. Vr. 4 (1841) 286-. 
, Swedish and English, Lagerhjelm's ex- 
periments. Delprat, I, P, *s Gravenh. I. 

Ing. Ts. (1875) 36-. 
bridge iron, Russian, for suspension-bridges, 
• tenacity. LamS, G. A. Mines 10 (1826) 

311-. 
, tests. Hermany, C, [1873] Am. S. 

CE. T. 2 (1874) 223-. 
car-wheel metal, chilled, transverse strength. 

Whitney, A. W. Franklin L J. 143 (1897) 

267-. 



135 



0840 Iron 



Blastic Moduli 



Steel 0840 



oast. Oirard, P. S. A. G. 21 (1822) 851-. 
— . Hodgkifuon, E, B. A. Bp. (1837) 887-. 
—. Fairbaim, W. B. A. Bp. (1887) 877-; 
(1842) 88-. 

— (Tredgold's principles, test). Bramah^ F, 
I. GE. T. 2 (1888) 118-. 

— . Fairbaim, W, Manch. Ph. S. Mm. 6 

(1842) 171-, 524-. 
— , chemical composition and physical proper- 
ties. WtUier, W. R, [1895-98] Am. I. 

Mn. E. T. 25 (1896) 84-, 964-; 26 (1897) 

997- ; 27 (1898) 1005-. 
— , cylinders, testing. Anon. [1899] Dingier 

815 (1900) 405-. 
— , effects of treatment, tests. Fotrbatm, W, 

Manch. Ph. 8. P. 1. (1857-60) 141-. 
— , elasticity, hyperbolic law. Cox, H, B. A. 

Bp. (1850) (pt. 2) 172-. 
— , — , moatuns. BaumgarteUf — . Par. A. 

Pon. Ghanss. 9 (1855) 225-. 
— , expansion, experiments. Oirard, P, S, 

[1829] Par. Mm. Ac. Re. 10 (1831) 405-. 
— , physical properties, tests. Markhamy C. 

I. A 8. I. J. (1881) 84-. 
— , , — . West, r. D, I. A 8. I. J. 

(1895) (No. 2) 249-. 
French varieties. Deheppe, — . J. Mines 10 

(1801) 937-. 
longitudinal elasticity at various temperatures. 

ThamoM.P.A. A. Ps. 1 (1900) 232-. 
pig iron, resistance to flexure. Todd, C. W. 

Yorks. P. Gl. 8. 1 (1839-42) 19^-. 
, . Stephentoriy R, Dingier 117 

(1850) 287-. 
, 8kebo experiments. Uhr, C. D. of. 

Jem.Kont. A. 8 (1824) 297-; 9 (1825) 

121-. 

— — of unusual strength. Dewey, F. P. 
[1888] Am. I. Mn. E. T. 17 (1889) 460-. 

plates. Didron, F„ Westman, E,, dtAngitrom, 

C. A. Bv. Un. Mines 16 (1884) 176-. 
— , coefficients in bending formulaB. Clereq, 

O, A. de. Brux. A. Tr. Pbl. 12 (1853-54) 

128-. 
— , properties and resistance to projectiles at 

high velocities. Fairbaim, W, B. I. P. 3 

(1858-62) 491-. 
— , resistance to statical pressure. Fairhaim, 

W. B. A. Bp. (1861) 280-. 
rails. Luau, O. Haim. Archt.-Vr. Z. 46 

(1900) 217-. 
tenacity. Seguin, -^ (oin^. A. G. 25 (1824) 

109-. 

— at various temperatures. Pisati, G., 
c^ Saporito-Rieca, O, (xi) Mod. 8. It. Mm. 
2 (1869-76) 321-. 

— . Aseoli, M. Bm. B. Ac. Lino. 

Bd. 1 (1892) {Sem. 1) 388-. 

wrought, coefficients T^ and T^ of elasticity 
and rupture, relation to volume, treat- 
ment, and axial direction of crystals. 
MaUet, R. (vz Adds.) GE. I. P. 18 (1858- 
59) 296-. 

Mechanical properties, etc. Adamson, D. I. 

A 8. I. J. (1878) 883- ; (1879) 30-. 
Bailway bars, tests. Mussy, — . C^n. Giv. 

20 (1891-92) 259-, 295-, 390-. 



Steel. 



Fairhttim, (Sir) W. B. A. Bp. 37 (1867) 161- ; 

39 (1869) 96-. 
HoJXey, A. L. [1873] Am. I. Mn. E. T. 2 

(•1873-74) 116-. 
Mereadier, E. G. B. 107 (1888) 27-, 82-. 
Bessemer steel, elongation experiments. KeiU, 

W. Guyper Bv. Un. 7 (1880) 515-. 
, tests. Ruth, M. van. 's Gravenh. I. 

Ing. Ts. (1885-86) {Vh.) 181-. 
for boiler- and ship-plate, physical and chemical 

tests, n.8.A. Salom, P. G. [1884] Am. I. 

Mn. E. T. 12 (1884) 661- ; 13 (1885) 

141-. 

— guns, experiments at Le Greusot. BobiUier, 
F. Bv. Arti. 4 (1874) 305-, 417-. 

hard, Poisson's ratio for bars. Kirchhoff, G. 

Pogg. A. 108 (1859) 369-. 
— , . Okatow, M. Pogg. A. 119 

(1863) 11-. 

— and soft, elasticity and strength. Tredgold, 
T, PhU. Trans. (1824) 354-. 

mild, physical tests and properties. Richards, 

E. I. & 8. I. J. (1882) 11-. 
modulus of elasticity. lUsdl, H. A. Mines 18 

(1868) 103-. 
. Mercadier, E. G. B. 105 (1887) 

215-, 273-. 
nickel steel. Wiggin, H. A. I. A 8. I. J. 

(1895) {No. 2) 164-. 

— — , and application to chronometry. 

GuiUaume, C. t. Gg. Int. Ghron. (1900) 

90-. 
, constants and modulus. Mercadier, E. 

C. B. 113 (1891) 33-. 
, elasticity, etc. Guillaume, C. E. G. B. 

124 (1897) 752-; Par. 8. Ps. 86. (1897) 

120-. 
, physical properties. Campbell, H. H. 

Am. 8. GE. T. 34 (1895) 285-. 
, . Warren, W. H.,<Jt Barraclough, 

8. H. N. 8. W. B. 8. J. 32 (1898) 150-. 
, tests. Brmcne, D. H. [1899] Am. I. 

Mn. E. T. 29 (1900) 569-. 
properties, chemical and physical. Osmond, — , 

dt Werth, — . A. Mines 8 (1885) 5-. 

— and tests. Anon. Elect. Bv. 47 (1900) 
400, 440, 496, 566-, 645. 

resilience. Lewis, W. Y. Nost. Eng. Mg. 82 

(1885) 380-. 
special steels, properties and manufacture. 

Babu, L. St. ii. BU. 8. In. Mn. 14 (1900) 

(Cg. Int. Mines) 1533-. 
structural steel. Dorsey, E. B. Am. 8. GE. 

T. 13 (1884) 41-. 
. Ricketts, P. C. [1886] Am. 8. GE. 

T. 16 (1887) 138-. 
, elasticity and strength. Christie, J. 

Am. 8. GE. T. 13 (1884) 253-. 

— — , impact tests. RttsseU, 8, B. Am. 8. 
GE. T. 43 (1900) 1-. 

Wrought iron and steel. Kirkaldy, D. (vx 
Adds.) Glasg. T. I. Eng. 6 (1862-63) 27-. 



136 



0840 Metais. Alloys 

Ivory, elasticity, and velocity of sound. Ciccone, 
L., dt CampaniU, F. Nap. Bd. 30 (1891) 
187- . 

Leather belting, tests. Webber, S. Tel. J. 27 
(1890) 266-. 

, — . Benjamin, C, H. Elect. Rv. 38 

(1896) 526-. 
Marble, elasticity under deformation. Oamba, 

P. N. Cim. 8 (1898) 273-. 
— , — after heating, temporary and permanent 

increase. OatnJba, P. Bm. B. Ac. Line. 

Bd. 8 (1899) (Sem. 1) 264-. 
— , — , variations when impregnated with oil, 

etc. Gamba, P. N. Cim. 9 (1899) 117-. 

METALS, 

(See also Iron and Steel.) 

Karsten, C. J. B, Earsten Arch. Bergbau 10 

(1826) 3-. 
Wertheim, G. C. B. 16 (1842) 110-, 115-. 
Kupffer,A, T. [1848] St. P^t. Ac. Sc. Mm. 7 

(1853) 233-. 
Napiersky, A. W. Pogg. A. (1853) {Ergdm,) 

351-. 
Kupfer, A. T. Erman Arch. Bs. 19 (1860) 

629-. 
(Kupfifer.) ZoppHtz, K. A. Ps. C. 129 (1866) 

219-. 
Voigt, W. Gdtt. Ab. 38 (1892) (Mth,) 85 pp. 
Cantone, M. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 4 (1895) 

(Sem. 2) 31-. 
Slotte, K. F. Helsingf. Acta 26 (1900) No. 6, 

33 pp. 

AUayt. 

Alloys Besearch Committee Beports. Roberts- 

Austen, (Sir) W. G. I. ME. P. (1891) 543- ; 

(1893)102-; (1895)238-; (1897)31-; (1899) 

35-. 
aluminium, physical and mechanical proper- 
ties. Bagger, J. H. J. S. C. In. J. 13 

(1894) 4-. 
zinc and alnminium-tin-oopper, strength. 

Carpenter, R. C. Am. As. P. (1897) 181. 
bearing metal. Dudley, C. B. Franklin I. J. 

133 (1892) 81-. 161-. 
brass, elasticity. Clarke, A. R. Ph. Mg. 2 

(1876) 131-. 
bronze, mechanical properties of different 

kinds. Tresca, H. C. B. 76 (1873) 1232-. 
copper and zinc, elasticity. Olearski, K. Erk. 

AJc. (Mt.'Prz.) Bz. 20 (1890) 18- ; Crc. Ac. 

Sc. BU. (1889J No. 2, xxvn-. 
— — — , mechanical properties and micro- 
scopic structure. Charpy, G, (Hxl Civ. 28 

(1895-96) 309-. 
— , zinc and tin. Jobbins, W. E.H. Franklin 

L J. 117 (1884) 88-, 184-, 260-. 
— , , tenacity, torsion-modulus, etc. 

Thurston, R. H. Am. S. CE. T. 10 (1881) 

1-, 309-. 
manganese bronze, effect of heat on mechanical 

properties. Rudeloff, M. [1893] S. C. In. 

J. 14 (1895) 660-. 
mechanical properties, tests. Gautier, F, 

[1884] G^n. Civ. 6 (1884-85) 41-. 



Chemical Influence 0840 

Aluminium, comparison with other metals. 

Keep, W. J. Am. I. Mn. E. T. 18 (1890) 

798-. 
— , modulus of elasticity, determination. 

Mwin, A.,db Tresca, — . A. Mines 18 (1860) 

63-. 
— , , — . Tresca, H. (vm) Par. A. 

Cons. 1 (1861) 386- ; 4 (1863) 418-. 
— , properties. Hall, C. M. Tel. J. 28 (1891) 

746-. 
— , — , mechanical and other. Hunt, A. E., 

Langley, J, W„ dt Hall, C. M. Am. I. 

Mn. E. T. 18 (1890) 528-, 913. 
Cannon, metals for, properties. Fairhaim, W, 

B. A. Bp. (1855) 100-. 

— , — — , — . JltTCrea, (Maj.) — . (vni) 

Woolw. P. 2 (1861) 81-. 
Compressibility, density and atomic weight, 

relationship. Boggio-Lera, E. Bm. B. Ac. 

Line. Bd. 6 (1890) {Sem. 1) 165-. 
Copper, densil^ after hammering and anneal- 
ing. O'Nem, C. [1861] Manch. Ph. S. 

Mm. 1 (1862) 243-. 
— , elastic constants. Voigt, W. Berl. Ak. 

Sb. (1883) 961-. 
— , elasticity and tensile strength. Guidi, C. 

Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 35 (1900) 223- or 379-. 

— plates, tensile strength, variations. 
Wahlherg, A. [1898] Jem-Kont. A. 53 
(1899) 290-. 

— , strength, tests. Martens, A. I. ME. P. 

(1895) 658-. 
— , tensile and compressive properties, effect of 

temperature. Warren, W. H., db Barra- 

cUmgh, S. H. N. S. W. B. S. J. 31 (1897) 

281-. 

Effects of Chemical Composition on Physical 

Properties. 

iron, cast, presence of aluminium. Keep, 

W. J., Mabery, C. F., dt Vorce, L. D, Am. 

As. P. (1888) 135-. 
— , — , phosphorus. West, T. D. Mon. 

Sc. 12 (1898) 412-. 
— , — , silicon. Turner, T. C. S. J. 47 

(1885) 577-, 902- ; 49 (1886) 180-. 
— , presence of foreign substances. Karsten, 

C. J. B. Berl. Ab. (1826) 29-. 

— and steel, presence of aluminium. Keep, 
W. J. Am. L Mn. E. T. 18 (1890) 835-. 

, silicon. Turner, T. C. S. J. 

51 (1887) 129- ; 53 (1888) 844-. 
manganese, effect. Hadfield, R. A. I. CE. 

P. 93 (1888) 1-. 
steel. Dudley, C. B. [1877-81] FrankUn 

I. J. 76 (1878) 361- ; 81 (1881) 177-, 241-. 
— . Gautier, F. CWn. Civ. 2 (♦1881-82) 

148-. 
— . Webster, W, R. [1892-98] Am. I. Mn. E. 

T. 21 (1893) 766-, 999-; 23 (1894) 118- ; 

I. A S. I. J. (1894) (No. 1) 328- ; Am. I. 

Mn. E. T. 28 (1899) 518-, 876-. 
— , Bessemer-, tires. Arnold, J. 0, L CE. 

P. 95 (1889) 115-. 
— , presence of aluminium. Geyerstam, C, af, 

Jem-Kont. A. 48 (1894) 362- ; Dingier 292 

(1894) 143-. 



137 



0840 BiasHc Moduli 

steel, presenoe of carbon in different proportions. 

VUkers, T. E. Franklin I. J. 48 (1862) 

306-. 
— , — — — — (Bessemer process). 

Bautehinger, J. Miinoh. Z. Archt. 5 (1878) 

81-. 
— , copper, inflaence on tensile strength. 

BaU, E, J , dt Wingham, A. L <fe S. I. J. 

(1889) [No. 1) 128-. 
— , silicon. WaMberg, A, Jem-Kont. 

A. 56 (1900) 39-. 
— , stmctural, inflaence on tensile strength. 

Cunningham, A. C. Am. 8. CE. T. 88 (1897) 

78- ; 40 (1898) 449-. 

Effects of TempenUure. 

Kohlrauseh, F. G6tt. Nr. (1870) 267-. 
PMoti, G. Gz. C. It. 6 (1876) 28-, 67-, 176- ; 

7 (1877) 61-, 178-. 
Miller, A. Mtinch. Ak. Sb. 19 (1890) 88-. 
Cantone, M, N. Cim. 4 (1896) 270-, 864-. 
Sehaefer, C. D. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1900) 122-. 
low temperatures. Wertheiniy G. A. C. 15 

(1845) 114-. 
on mechanical properties. Le Chatelier, A. 

G. B. 109 (1889) 24-, 58-; G6n. Civ. 19 

(1891) 59-, 78-, 107-. 

— tenacity of brass and alaminium. Pisati, 
G., dt Scichilonef S, Bm. B. Ac. Line. Mm. 
1 (1877) 18a-. 

— — — copper and steel. Pitati, G., 
dt Saporito-Ricca, O. Bm. B. Ac. Line. 
Mm. 1 (1877) 179-. 

— tensile strength. Rudeloff, M, S. C. In. 
J. 18 (1894) 520-. 

Elasticity, atomic weight and temperatare of 
fusion, relations. Sayno,A. Mil. L Lomb. 
Bd. 25 (1892) 637-. 

— and viscosity. Thomson, (Sir) W. B. 8. P. 
14 (1865) 289-. 

Flexural elasticity of zinc, copper, tin and 

their alloys. Kiewiet, J, A. Ps. C. 29 

(1886) 617-. 
Gk>ld, modulus of elasticity. Bevan, B, (vi 

Adds.) Ph. Mg. 2 (1888) 445-; 8 (1883) 

20-. 
Iron, copper and brass. Kohlrausch, F., dt 

LoomU, F. E. A. Ps. C. 141 (1870) 481-. 
Law of Wertheim. Voigt, W. A. Ps. C. 49 

(1893) 896-, 760. 
Lead, best kind (Pattinson's process or zinc 

process). Junge, A. Jb. Berg- Hw. (1895) 

1-. 
Magnetisation, effects on elasticity and internal 

friction. Tomlinson, H. [1886] Phil. 

Trans. (A) 179 (1889) 1-. 
— , , relation to loading. Tangl, K. 

Mth. Termt. fets. 18 (1900) 181- ; Mth. Nt. 
B. Ung. 18 (1903) 35-. 

— and electricity, effects. Wertheim, G. 

Arch, de PElectr. 4 (1844) 487-. 
, — on modulus. Mebius, C. A . 8tockh. 

Ofv. (1887) 681- ; Ph. Mg. 27 (1889) 207. 
Nickel, gold, platinum and aluminium. 

Meyer, G. S. A. Ps. C. 59 (1896) 66&-. 



Influence ot Tempermture 0840 

Nickel, modulus of elasticity. CuMtone, M. 

Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1889) [8em. 2) 

79-. 
Platinum, modulus, temperature variations. 

Winkelmann, A. A. Ps. 0. 63 (1897) 117-. 
Poisson*8 ratio. Stromeyer, C. E, B. S. P. 

55 (1894) 878-. 
as function of temperatures. Boek, A, 

A. Ps. G. 52 (1894) 609-. 

Quasi isotropic metals, constants of some. 

Voigt, W. A. Ps. C. 48 (1898) 674-. 
8t. Petersburg experiments, applioation of 

theory of vibration of rods. Okatow, If. 

[1867] A. Ps. C. 186 (1868) 260-. 
8ilioon bronze, properties. Vivarez, — . Par. 

8. Ps. 8^. (1884) 14. 
Tenacity and elastic limit found by galvano- 
meter method. Isherg, P. J. 8tockh. Ofv. 

(1888) 899-; Fschr. Ps. (1888) {Ab. 1) 

869-. 

— — fusibility, relation. Johnson, W. R. 
Philad. Ac. Nt. 8c. J. 7 (1884-87) 200-. 

resistance to torsion, relation. Thurston, 

R. H. Am. 8. CE. T. 7 (1878) 169-. 
Tests in France, Eurone and U.8.A., methods, 

regulations and results. Tresca, H. A. Cons. 

Arts et M6t. 11 (^1879) 66-. 
Velocity of sound in metals, and longitudinal 

and torsional moduli. Tomlinson, H. [1887] 

B. 8. P. 43 (1888) 88-. 

METHODS AND APPARATUS. 

Acoustic method for determination of elasticity 

moduli. Bell, A. Camb. and Dubl. Mth. J. 

8 (1848) 68-. 
and small elongations. 

Cardani, P. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 6 (1889) 

(Sm. 1) 892-. 

— researches on elasticity of soft bodies. 
Smoluchowski, M. von, Wien Ak. 8b. 108 

(1894) {Ab. 2a) 739-. 

Alloys of 3 metals, representation of properties 

by trilinear coordinates. Thurston, R. H, 

Am. As. P. (1877) 114-. 
Antheximeter (for measuring Young's modulus, 

etc.). Petit, ^, Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1891) 

{Pt. 1) 293-. 
Autographic apparatus for stress-strain. War- 
ren, — . N. 8. W. B. 8. J. 22 (1889) 253-. 
— testing machines. Unwin, W. C. 

B. A. Bp. (1885) 1199-. 
, test-recording. Wicksteed,J.H. I. ME. 

P. (1886) 27-. 
Buildmg materials, testing. Henry, J. Am. 

As. P. (1855) 102-. 
, — . Durand-Claye, L. A. Pon. Chauss. 

16 (1888) 173-. 
, — . Kayser, P. Giving. 88 (1892) 

436-. 
, — , apparatus for. Curioni, G. Tor. 

Ac. Sc. Mm. 32 (1880) 387-. 

— — , — , . Nivet, — . As. Fr. C. B. 

(1895) (Pt. 2) 286-. 

, — , methods and results. Oottschaldt, A . 

Giving. 30 (1884) 487- ; 85 (1889) 447- ; 88 
(1892)367-; 42(1896)887-. 



138 



0840 



Methods and Apparatus 



0840 



Building materials, testing, methods and 
results. Kayser, P. Giving. 80 (1884) 
495-. 

— stones, American, testing. Smocks J, C, 
N. T. Ms. Bll. 2 (1889-90) 353-. 

, — , — . WUber, F. A. N. Y. Ms. Bll. 

2 (1889-90) 356-. 
, testing. Oarrisofit F, L. Am. S. CE. 

T. 32 (1894) 87-. 

— — , — , methods and apparatus. Merrill, 
G. P., dt Mathews, E. B. Maryland Gl. Sv. 
2 (1898) 45-. 

Calibration of instruments used in engineering 

laboratories. Brit. Au. Comm, (Unwin, W. 

C.) B. A. Bp. (1895) 497-; (1896) 538-; 

(1897) 424-. 
Cements, micrometer for measuring change of 

volume in. MichaelUf W. A. Cond. Pon. 

Chauss. 40 (1896) 273-. 
Chain-cables, testing. Piiget, F, A. Franklin 

I. J. 48 (1864) 86-, 145-, 217-. 
Clays and shales, properties, and tests of bricks, 

tiles, etc., methods and results. Rxe$, H, 

[1900] N. Y. Ms. BU. 7 (1901) 489-. 
Compressibility, isentropio and isothermal, 

of liquids and solids, new apparatus for. 

Guglielmo, O. Bm.B. Ac. Line. Bd. 1 (1892) 

{Sem. 1) 149-. 

— of liquids, elimination of deformation of 
vessel. Boguski, J, J, Kosmos (Lw.) 13 
(1888) 243-; Z. Ps. C. 2 (1888) 120-. 

Deformations, measurement, apparatus for. 
Le Chaulier, L. A. Pon. Chauss. 19 (1890) 
855-. 

Diagrams, accuracy and interpretation. 
Fischer, H. Dingier 251 (1884) 337-, 
385-. 

Dynamometers for testing stability of struc- 
tures and elasticity of materials. Ferria, 0. 
G. Tor. Ac. So. Mm. 37 (1886) 207-. 

— — — strength of fibres. Bourcart, JR. 
Mulhouse S. In. Bll. 59 (1889) 621-. 

Elastic forces, measurement. Fofttaneau, E, 
C. B. 97 (1883) 1402-. 

— properties of bodies, study by combined use 
of statical and dynamical methods. Cantane, 
M. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 4 (1895) {Sem. 1) 
488-. 

Elasticity of solids, measurement according to 
their different dimensions. Weber, W. E. 
Pogg. A. 28 (1833) 324-. 

— and strength of materials, determination, 
application of electricity. Codazza, G. U 
Polit. 1 (1866) (Tech.) 206-. 

Extensibility of elastic solids, measurement, 

instrument for. Forbes, J. D. Edinb. B. 

8. P. 2 (1851) 172- ; Ph. Mg. 35 (1849) 

92-. 
Extensometer, reflecting, description and 

theory. Knibbs, G. H. N. 8. W. B. 8. J. 

31 (1897) 94-. 
Fleximeter and its applications. Guidi, C. 

[1899] Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 35 (1900) 101- w 

175-. 

— — — — alone or with extensometer. 
Frdnkel, W. Giving. 30 (1884) 465-, 575. 

Flexure, resistance to, determination. Wiebe, 
F. K. H. Berl. Pol. Gs. Vh. 18 (1857) 184-. 



Gases, elasticity, new method of investigation. 

Kraevich, K. D. (xn) Bs. P8.-C. 8. J. 14 

{Ps.] (1882) [{Pt. 1)] 395-. 
Hydraulic materials, testing methods. Le 

Chatelier, H. [1893] A. Mines 4 (1893) 

252-, 367-; Am. I. Mn. E. T. 22 (1894) 3-, 

775. 
Hydrostatic pressure, tests by. Wiegand, 8. L. 

Franklin I. J. 118 (1884) 116-. 
Iron, apparatus for direct measurement of 

expansion and oontraction. Dupuy, C, A. 

Pon. Chauss. 14 (1877) 381-. 

— bridges, experimental investigation, me- 
thods. Habut, — . A. Pon. Chauss. 12 

(1896) 374-. 

— — , stresses in, instrument for testing. 
BaUke, M. Dingier 293 (1894) 175-. 

— and steel, apparatus for various tests. 
Warren, W. H. Aust. As. Bp. (1891) 
433-. 

— — — , strain measurements by thermo- 
electric couple. Turner, — . G^n. Civ. 32 
(1897-98) 413-. 

, testing, commercial methods. Kreuz- 

pointner, P. Franklin I. J. 145 (1898) 401-. 

— — — , — and standards in America. 
Colby, A. L. I. <fe 8. I. J. (1900) {No. 2) 
215-. 

Mechanical testing of materials. Peet, W. G. 

I. ME. P. (1898) 670-. 
Metals, flexure, recorder. Fremont, C, C. B. 

124 (1897) 398-. 
— , portable recorder for tests. Henning, G. C. 

I. A 8. 1. J. (1897) {No. 2) 155-. 
— , schiseophone, testing apparatus for struc- 
ture of metallic masses. Place, {le capit.) 

— de. C. B. 115 (1892) 582-. 
— , test pieces for ours and plates, adoption 

of standard forms. Hackney, W. I. CE. P. 

76 (1884) 70-. 
— , , calculations of elongation. Rekceb, 

D. Bv. Sc. 51 (1893) 476-. 
— , testing. Lavergne, G. Bv. 8o. 52 (1893) 

46-. 
— • — , apparatus. Fremont, C. Par. Ing. Civ. 

Mm. (1898) {Pt. 3) 506-. 
— , — , — , methods, etc. Zemov, D. Moso. 

Un. Mm. {Ps.-Mth.) 10 (1893) 20 pp. 
— , — , methods. Frimont, C. C. B. 126 

(1897) 492-; Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. (1897) 
{Pt. 2) 671-, 689-. 

New method. Cantone, M. Bm. B. Ac. Line. 

Bd. 4 (1888) (Sem. 1) 220-, 292-. 
Optical study of elasticity of solids. Cotnu, A. 

[1869-79] C. B. 69 (1869) 333- ; B. I. P. 9 

(1882) 191-. 
(Comu*8 method). Wxdf, G. 

Fschr. Ps. (1894) (Ab. 2) 86-. 
, methods. Comu, A. Arch. 

N^rl. 5 J1900) 322-, 679. 
flexure, apparatus for. Lawy, M., 

(& Tresca, H. 6. C. B. 95 (1882) 1114-. 
of soft bodies. Segel, M. S. [1899] 

Kazan 8. Ps.-Mth. BU. 9 (1900) (Prot.) 39-; 

Pb. Z. 1 (1900) 126-. 
Physical tests, improvements in methods. 

Abbott, A. V. Am. L Mn. E. T. 12 (1884) 

607-. 



139 



I 

t 

J 



0840 Testing Machiaes 

Boad metal, methods for testing. Reid, H, F. 

MaryUnd Gl. Sv. 3 (1899) 316-. 
Standardising of tests. Hartig,—, Giving. 83 

(1887) 895-. 
. Durant, L, Par. Ing. Civ. Mm. 

(1891) (Pt, 1) 219- . 
. Warrm, W, H. N. S. W. B. S. J. 

31 (1897J xiu (Wf)-. 
Steam boilers, standard method of testing. 

Amer. Soe. Meeh. Eng. Comm. Y. Nost. 

Eng. Mg. 32 (1885) 211-, 308-. 
Steel, structoral, method of testing. Html, 

A, E. Am. S. GE. T. 80 (1898) 181-, 

666-. 
Strains, indicator for ase at sea. Stromeyer, 

C. E. Nv. Aroht. T. 27 (1886) 83-. 

— and internal stress, determination by 
polarisoope. Alexander, P. Glasg. Ph. S. 
P. 28 (1887) 242-. 

— , measurement, taseometer for. Steiner, F. 

Dingier 226 (1877) 283-. 
— , sinall, measurement. Swing , J. A, B. S. 

P. 58 (1895) 123-. 
\ — t — » — t apparatus. Ewing, J, A, Nt. 50 
^ . (1894) 408. 

— , — , — , — . Warren, W. H, N. S. W. B. 

S. J. 31 (1897) 89-. 
— , — , — , — for bars subjected to twist. Coker, 

E. G. Ph. Mg. 46 (1898) 520-. 
Tensile tests, apparatus. O'NeiU, C. [1863] 

Manch. Ph. S. Mm. 2 (1865) 889-. 
, — , self-recording. Leaner, O. Dingier 

270 (1888) 165-. 
, — , . TeUner, H. Giving. 37 

(1891) 503-. 
, — , . Chiidi, C, Tor. Ac. So. At. 

84 (1898) 39-. 
, factors influencing results. Qoedieke, E. 

Oestr. Z. Brgw. 31 (1883) 557-, 575-. 

— — of metals and fibres, smicrologometer 
for. Lydiatt, E. Nicholson J. 32 (1812) 
81-. 

— — — silks, instrument for. BolU, G. 
Trieste Bll. 7 (1882) 248-. 

wool, instrument for. Karmanck, K, 

Wien Jb. Pol. I. 4 (1823) 847-. 



Testing Machines, 

ConH, P. Bologna Ac. Sc. Mm. 7 (1876) 

223-. 
for chain cables and timber. Dunn, T. (vi 

Adds.) GE. I. P. 16 (1856-57) 301-. 
Emery's. Toume, H. R. I. ME. P. (1888) 

206-. 
for equal alternate stresses. Warren, W, H. 

N. S. W. B. S. J. 32 (1898) cxxix-. 
history, construction and use. Ahhott, A, V, 

y. Nost. Eng. Mg. 80 (1884) 204-, 825-, 

382-, 477-. 
horizontal lever. Adamson, D. I. <j^ S. I. J. 

(1888) {No. 2) 12-. 
hydraulic. Tuit, J. E. Br. Archt. J. 3 (1896) 

852-. 
for impact tests. RusseU, S. B. Am. S. GE. 

T. 89 (1898) 237-. 



BlMstic Moduli, aeneni 0840 

improvements. A hboU, A . V. Science 8 (1884) 

81^, 814. 
for metals. Thareau, G. [1887] Q^. Civ. 12 

(1887-88) 5-, 21-. 
, hydiraulic system for tensile and other 

tests. F&ru, — . Gdn. Civ. 19 (1891) 25-. 
, Kennedy's. Combe, J. [1890] Gto.Civ. 

18 (1890-91) 81-. 
six hundred ton machine at Athens, Pa. 

Macdonald, C. Am. S. GE. T. 16 (1887) 

1-. 
springs, standardising of loading. PftM, E. 

Giving. 35 (1889) 871-. 
— , use in rigidity experiments. Straek, — . 

[1886] Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. Yh. 10 (1888) 

(Sb.) 104-. 
Taylor's, for vegetable fibres, threads and 

twine. Taylor, T. U. S. Sec. Ag. Bp. (1891) 

414-. 
Thomasset's. Oautier, F. I. & S. I. J. (1889) 

(No. 1) 184-. 
U. S. A. machine at Watertown arsenal. 

HoUey, A. L. Am. I. Mn. E. T. 7 (^1879) 

256-. 

Timber, strength, microscopic investigation. 
Day, F. M. Am. Ph. S. P. 21 (1884) 338-. 

— , uniform system of testing, need. Can^- 
beU, F. A. [1886] Vict. B. S. T. 28 (18OT) 
244-. 

Wires, apparatus for measurement and demon- 
stration of deformation. Oberbeck, A. N.- 
Vorp. Mt. 19 (1888) 86-. 

— , extension, apparatus for measurement. 
SearU, O. F. C. Camb. Ph. S. P. 10 (1900) 
318-. 

— under stress, temperature changes in, test- 
ing apparatus. Wassmuth, A. Wien Ak. Sb. 
97 (1889) (Ab. 2a) 52-. 

— , telegraph-, mecnanical testing. CtUley, R. 
S. (IX) Tel. E. J. 2 (1878) 211-. 

— , — , , apparatus for. RHothen, T. J. T61. 

4 (1878-^) 697-. 



Minerals, dense, constants of some. Voigt, W., 
db Drude, P. Gdtt. Nr. (1889) 51&- ; (1890) 
542-. 

— , — , . Drude, P., d; Voigt, W. 

A. Ps. G. 42 (1891) 587-. 



MODULI OF ELASTICITY. 

adiabatic elastic constants. Voigt, W. Gdtt. 

Nr. (1888) 859-. 
determination by flexure of bars. Koch, K. R. 

A. Ps. C. 5 (1878) 251-. 
. Pscheidl, W. Wien Ak. Sb. 

79 (1879) (Ab. 2) 114-; 86 (1883) (Ab. 2) 

115-. 
— , new method. Kihiig, A. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. 

(1885) 69-. 
— , 's Gravesande's method. Oberbeck, A. A. 

Ps. G. 37 (1889) 526. 
— , . Stradling, G. A. Ps. G. 41 (1890) 

330-. 
-- for small loads. Weston, C. P. Ps. Bv. 8 

(1899) 297-. 



140 



0840 Elastic Moduli, Qenenl 



Thnads and Fibres 0840 



determination for small quantities of material, Poisson's ratio at various temperatures. Dah- 



and some high moduli. Auerlxieh^ F. A. Ps. 

C. 58 (1896) 381-. 
— by tension experiments. Brix^ A. F. W, 

Grunert Ansh. 4 (1844) 289-. 
theory of balance spring. PhillipB, £, 

C. B. 56 (1863) 296-; 58 (1864) 449-; A. 

Mines 15 (1869) 65-. 
vibrations. Kurz, A. Exner Bpm. 19 

(1883) 246-. 
ana elastic limit, determination. PhUlipt, i, 

C. R. 88 (1879) 815-. 
Hooke's law, apparent exceptions to. BrtUoutn, 

M, A. C. 13 (1898) 231-. 
and moduli of resistance. Winkler , E, Giving. 

9 (1863) 405-. 
new constant, definition and determination, 

and correction of modulus. Tammen, H. O, 

(xn) Zwick. Vr. Nt. Jbr. (1880J 21-. 
primary and secondary longitudinal moduli 

and thermal constants of latter. MiUer^ A, 

Munch. Ak. Ab. 15 (1886) 705-. 
of rod as function of strain. Hartig^E, Giving. 

39 (1893) 113-. 
temperature, effect on modulus. Mayer ^ A. M, 

[1894] Am. J. Sc. 1 (1896) 81-, 250. 
— , , particularly of metals. Kwpffer^ 

A. T. [1852-56] St. P6t. Ac. 8c. Mm. 8 

(1857) 397-; St. P6t. Ac. Sc. Bll. 14 (1856) 

273-, 289-. 



lander, G. R. Stookh. 5fv. (1886) 213- ; 

Fschr. Ps. (1886) (^6. 1)470-. 
Besilienoe. Tredgold, T, Tillooh Ph. Big. 51 

(1818) 276-. 
Bigidity. Gerstner, F, A» von. Pogg. A. 26 

(1832) 269-. 
— . GoUner, H. Dingier 273 (1889) 205-. 
— , torsion and flexure, experiments. Everett , 

J, D. Phil. Trans. 157 (^1867) 189- ; 158 

(1868) 368-; B. A. Bp. 38(1868) (Sect.)%, 
Slates, flexural strength. HanUeh, — . Brux. 

S. Big. Gl. Bll. (1897) (PV.) 48. 
— , , determination. Gamba, P. N. Gim. 

10 (1899) 168-. 
Solids, elastic constants. Saint-Venant, A, J. 

C. Barri de. G. B. 86 (1878) 781-. 
— , . Amagat, E, H. G. B. 108 (1889) 

1199-. 
— , elasticity and strength. Weiebaeht J. 

Giving. 9 (1863) 283-. 
— , isotropic, effect of heat on modulus. Bar- 

ehardt, C. W, Berl. Mb. (1878) 9-. 
— , — , relations between elastic constants. 

Voigt, W. A. Ps. G. 38 (1889) 578-. 
Stress and strain, influence on properties of 

matter. Tomlineon, H. B. S. P. 88 (1885) 

488-. 
, (Tomlinson). MiUer, 

A. A. Ps. G. 25 (1885) 450-. 



and of thermal capacity, and other physical , . TonUinMon.H. [1886] 

constants, relations. Tomlinson, H. B. S. phu. Trans. 177 (1887) 801-. 

P. 38 (1885) 488-. ^ ' 

thermal and elastic phenomena, relations. 

Afat, E. Mil. I. fiomb. Bd. 24 (1891) THREADS AND FIBRES. 

1050-. 
, — . Alibrandi, P. G. Mt. 38 

(1900) 77-. 
— expansion and extensibility of wires and 

caoutchouc, relations. Kurz^A. Exner Bpm. 

22 (1886) 547-; 27 (1891) 631-. 
, temperature and torsion modulus, rela- 
tions. Sayno,A. MU. I. Lomb.Bd. 24(1891) 

293-, 574-. 
and vibrations as function of molecular weights 

and specific heat. Foerater, 0. Z. Mth. Ps. 

41 (1896) 258-. 
Toung*s, determination, principles. Miller, A. 

Munch. Ak. Ab. 16 (1888) 569-. 
— , influence of magnetisation. Tangl, K. 

[1900] Mth. Termt. ^ts. 18 (1900) 49-; 
Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 18 (1903) 7-. 

— , , heat and electric current. Noyen, 

M. C. Ps. Bv. 3 (1896) 432-. 



Poisson's ratio. Poitson, S. D. A. G. 86 (1827) 
384-. 

. ' Schneebeli, H. Ziir. Vjschr. 14 (1869) 

375-. 

. Mallock,A. B. S. P. 29 (1879) 157-. 

. Kayser, E. [1887] Danzig Schr. 7 

(1888-91) (Heft 1) xiii-. 

and Lamp's formulsB, experimental veri- 
fication. Amagat, E. H. G. B. 106 (1888) 
479-. 

— -— for prisms. Bauschinger, J, Giving. 25 
(1879) 81-. 



Glass, spun, tenacity. Gibeon, E., <t Gregory, 
R.A. L. Ps. S. P. 8 (1887) 191- ; Ph. Mg. 
23 (1887) 851-. 

— threads, elasticity, and torsion-balances. 
Ritchie, W. PhU. Trans. (1880) 215-. 

, flexural rigidity. Hartig, — . Giving. 

88 (1892) 265-. 
Quartz threads, absolute rigidity coeflicient. 

Bamett, S. J. Ps. Bv. 6 (1898) 114-. 
, elastic constants. Tkrel/aU, R. Anst. 

As. Bp. (1890) 868-; Ph. Mg. 80 (1890) 

99-. 
,' (Threlfall). BoyB, C. V. Ph. Mg. 

80 (1890) 116-. 
SUk fibres, elasticity. Qwj^, E. St. Sp. Ag. 

It. 15 (1888) 789-. 
, — . Kurz, A. Exner Bpm. 27 (1891) 

409-. 
and threads, properties, relation. Qu^jat, 

E. St. Sp. Ag. It. 15 (1888) 788-. 

— threads, elasticity. Weber, W. E. [1885] 
G5tt. Gm. 8 (1882-87) (P#.) 45-; Pogg. A. 
34 (1835) 247-. 

Spider lines, elasticity. Gray, J. H. Ph. Mg. 

37 (1894) 491-. 
Very fine threads, properties and uses. Boy9, 

C. V. L. Ps. S. P. 9 (1888) 8-; Ph. Big. 23 

(1887) 489-. 
Wool, physical properties. Chludzineky, W. 

Lndw. V.-St. 33 (1887) 11-. 



141 



0840 Torsion Elastic Moduli Wires 0840 

Wires, speoifio resistanoe, dependenoe on ten- 

TORSION, ' flion. Benton, J. R, A. Ps. 3 (1900) 471-. 

(Su auo Mechanics 3220 Vibrations, ~A^T a ^'(f^w^^^^^ ^"^^ - 

and 3630.) ' ' 

Segniu, E, [1851] CreUe J. 43 (1852) 340-. TrUngular rods, experiments. Bomemann, 

Warburg, E, [1879] Freiburg B. 7 (1880) ^ i •'^- . ^^V^«' ^ (^^^) l^^- 

444-. * ' Volume in elastic bodies, variation. CeAro, 

Wiedemann, O. H. A. Ps. C. 6 (1879) 486-- £*« ^™- ^' ^°- ^^^^' ^- ^ P889) (Sm. 2) 

7 (1879) 496. 259-. 

Baumeitter,M. [1882] A. Ps.C. 18(1883) 67^-. WIRES 
Bouasse, H. Toul. Fao. Sc. A. 12 (1898) A, 

29 pp. {See aUo Torsion, and Mechanics 3240. 

SehuU,B, Hann. Archt.-Vr. Z. 45 (1899) 201-. ^ , 

569-. Garcenot, E. St. Et. BU. S. In. Mn. 9 (1880) 

Fibrous bands, torsional elasticity. Hartig, G. ^^^ 5 ^^ (1®82) 8^-. 

Giving. 36 (1890) 359-. Mereadier, — . Par. Ec. Pol. J. 58 (1888) 165- ; 

Influence of after-strain and permanent set on ^' ^- ^^ (1889) 344-. 

measurements. Negbaur, W. A. Ps. C. 44 Sf?^^' ^' ^' ^' ^^' M«- ^^ (1^60) 193-. 

(1891) 759-. WtmpeHs, H. E. Ph. Mg. 50 (1900) 41ft-. 

traction. Cantone, M. , c^ Michelucci, E. g^^anised iron and steel, torsion and flexure. 

Rm. R. Ac. Line. Rd. 6 (1897) (Sem. 2) . ^^^y E. Dingier 253 (1884) 454-. 

191-. iron (of suspension bridges), elasticity and 

Iron and steel, experiments with. PSrard, L, cohesion. Brix, A, F, W. Dingier 66 

Brux. Ac. BU. 42 (1876) 894-; Cuyper Rv. i^^'^) 334-. 

Un. 6 (1879) 198-, 397-, 407- ; 7 (1880) —; elasticity and strength. Giulio,C.I. Tor. 

486-. ' Mm. Ac. 3 (1841) 275-. 

.torsional constants. Peddie^W. [19001 —»„ German and Swedish. Kdi, A. Oestr. 

Edinb. R. S. P. 23 (1902) 16. Z. Brgw. 36 (1888) 478-, 493-. 

Method of investigation. Melde, F. E. (xn) " under strain, effect of raising to red heat. 

Z. Instk. 1 (1881) 76-. Tomlinson, H, L. Ps. S. P. 9 (1888) 71- ; 

Blodulus. Bevan, B. [1828] Phil. Trans. ^J^' ^8- ^4 (1887) 256-. 

(1829) 127-. — (8o't) under stress. Ewing, J, A. R. S. P. 

— , determination for rotating shafts, applica- , ^ (1880) 510-. 

tion of telephone to. Reno, C. C. R. 90 'or ropes, modulus. Kdi, A, Oestr. Z. Bnrw. 

(1880) 604-. 38 (1885) 353-, 373-. * 

— K , indicator for. Resio, C. Lum. ^^^ experiments on elasticity. BHt. Ais. 

Elect. 20 (1886) 433-. Comm. B. A. Rp. (1879) 33- ; (1880) 61-. 

— , or spiral springs, ergometer for. ~"_"ri • ^ottomley, J. T. B. A. Rp. (1886) 

JervU'Smith, F.J. Ph. Mg. 45 (1898) 183- ; ^°V* 

46 (1898) 348, stretched, lateral contraction. Gntz, H., d 

— , , (Jervis-Smith). ^y^» £ Exner Rpm. 22 (1886) 9-, 274-. 

Lanza, G. Ph. Mg. 46 (1898) 260. ^^^' ? 23 (1887) 521-. 

— , — by self-recording apparatus. Thur$ton, ^^^^^' GouneUe, E. A. T^. 1 (1858) 57-. 

R. H. (xi) Franklin I. J. 65 (1873) 254-. thermal expansion and contraction under ten- 

— of homogeneous isotropic solid at given ®*^°- ^«^P«. S- Giving. 25 (1879) 619-. 

temperature. Sayno, A, Mil. I. Lomb. Rd. "~ ~, • Bottomley, J. T. Ph. Mg. 

24 (1891) 190-. 24 (1887) 314-. ^^ 

Timber, experiments with. Bouniceau, — . ~~J~ under tension. Bottomley, J. T. L. Ps. 

Par. A. Pon. Chauss. 1 (1861) 101-. °' ^' ^^ (1890) 184- ; Ph. Mg. 28 (1889) 94-. 

Vibrations, period, measurement. Wood,R.W, "~J~ , • Olearski, K. Krk. Ak. (Mt,- 

A. Ps. C. 56 (1895) 171-. f^'-) »z- 1 (1891) 166- ; Crc. Ac. So. Bll. 

— , sources of error in experiments. Tomlin- (1890) 139-. 

son, H, L. Ps. S. P. 8 (1887) 90-; Ph. Mg. —variations of elasticity and internal viscosity. 

22 (1886) 414-. ^ Gray, A,, Blyth, V, J,, dt Dunlop, J. S, 

Wires, modulus, and definition of "softness." ^ L^^^l ^- S. P. 67 (1901) 180-. 

Bouasse, H. C. R. 126 (1898) 466-; A. C Young's modulus and change of length by 

14 (1898) 98-. magnetisation, interference method. Shake- 

— , — of oscillating wire. Berson, G., dt 'P^^* ^- ^- ^^' Mg- 47 (1899) 539-. 

Bouasse, H. C. R. 119 (1894) 48-. ^ ,— f^r piano wire, influence of heat and 

— , permanent torsion, change due to change of electric current. Noyes, M. C. Ps. Rv. 2 

temperature. Bosanquet, R. H. M. L. Ps. (1895) 277-. 

8. P. 9 (1888) 49-; Ph. Mg. 24 (1887) ' 

^®^' ^ ,. „ Wood, different kinds. Hoh,T. (xn) Bamb. 

^*"' Zimansky, E, A. Ps. C. 54 (1895) 139-. 

142 



0842 



Compressibility of Liquids Measurement 0842 



0842 Compressibility of Liquids. 

CoUadon, D., dt Sturm, C. [1827] Par. Mm. 

Sav. 6tr. 5 (1838) 267-. 
(Colladon <fe Sturm.) BarZocct, S, G. Arcad. 

36 (1827) 308-. 
Orsted, H. C, Kiob. Ov. (1827-28) 14- ; Pogg. 

A. 12 (1828) 158-. 
Aim^, O, G. B. 16 (1843) 1165- ; A. G. 8 

(1843) 257-. 
Despretz, C. C. R. 21 (1845) 216-. 
Gragn, C. G. R. 27 (1848) 153-. 
Soret, J. L. Bb. Un. Arch. 16 (1851) 290-. 
Chase, P. E. Gamb. (U.S.) Mth. M. 2 (1860) 25-. 
Jamin, — , Amaury, — , dt Descamps, C. G. R. 

66 (1868) 1104-. 
(Method of Jamin, Amaury and Descamps.) 

Dupre, A. G. R. 67 (1868) 392-. 
Amaury, — , dt Descamps, — . G. R. 68 (1869) 

1564-. 
Descamps, C. Ry. Gours Sc. 3 (1872) 21-. 
Amagat, E, H. G. R. 85 (1877) 27-, 139- ; 

A. G. 11 (1877) 520-. 
Avenanus, M. St. P^t. Ao. So. Bll. 24 (1878) 

525— 
Quincke, G. H. A. Pa. G. 19 (1883) 401-. 
Pagliani, S,, dt Palazzo, L. Rm. R. Ao. Lino. 

Mm. 19 (1884) 273-. 
Pagliani, S., dt Viceniini, G, N. Gim. 16 

(1884) 27-, 161-. 

Guillaume, C. t, G. R. 103 (1886) 1183-. 
Langlois, M, As. Fr. G. R. (1887) (Pt. 2) 334-. 
Puschl, C, Wien Ak. Sb. 96 (1888) (Ah, 2) 

1028-. 
Barus, C. U. S. Gl. Sv. BM No. 92 (1892) 96 pp. 
Tail, — . Edinb. R. S. P. 20 (1895) 245-. 
Gompressibility at high pressares. Cailletet, 

L. G. R. 75 (1872) 77-. 
. Tail, P. O. [1883] Edinb. R. 

S. P. 12 (1884) 223-. 
temperatures. Orsted, H. C. [1826] 

Edinb. J. So. 6 (1827) 201-. 
— and molecular pressure of liquids. Tait^ 

P. G. Edinb. R. S. P. 20 (1895) 63-, 141-. 
surface tension of liquids. Devaux, — . 

[1892] Bordeaux S. So. Mm. 4 (1894) ii-. 

Gompression, thermal effects (water). Orsted, 

H. C, Kidb. Dn. Yd. Selsk. Afh. 12 (1846) 

cxiv-. 
— , . Joule, J. P. [1858] Phil. Trans. 

(1859) 133-. 
_, . Puschl, P. C. Wien Az. 25 (1889) 

123-. 
— , (water). Galopin, P. G. R. 114 

(1892) 1525-. 

— , (— ). Tail, — . Edinb. R. S. P. 19 

(1893) 133-. 

— , (solutions). Tammann, G. Z. Ps. 

G. 13 (1894) 174-. 
Equation of van der Waals, application. Tail, 

— . Edmb. R. S. P. 20 (1895) 285-. 
Influence of temperature. Heen, P. de. Bruz. 

Ac. Bll. 9 (1885) 550-. 



MEASUREMENT OF COMPRESSI- 
BILITY. 

Amagat, E. H. Arch. So. Ps. Nt. 16 (1886) 

181-. 
Tait, — . Edinb. R. S. P. 13 (1886) 2-. 
apparatus (for water, piezometer). Perkins, J. 

PhU. Trans. (1820) 324-. 

— ( ]. Orsted, H. C. Kidb. Ov. (1821- 

22) 6-; Schweigger J. 86 (=<76. 6) (1822) 
332— 

— . Pfaff, C. H. Gilbert A. 72 (1822) 161-. 

— (for water, Orsted). Hachette, J. N. P. 
Par. S. Phlm. BU. (1823) 46-. 

— ( ). Orsted, H. C. (vi Adds.) Mg. 

Phm. 2 (1823) 139-. 

— ( , Orsted). Magrini, L. Mil. At. 

Aten. 2 (16) (1860-61) 58-. 

— (piezometer). Mees, R. A. Amst. Ak. Vs. 
M. 19 (1884) 137-. 

— . Skinner, S. [1891] L. Ps. S. P. 11 

(1892) 147- ; Ph Mg. 32 (1891) 79-. 

— (isentropic and isothermal compressibility 
of liquids and solids). Chuglielmo, G. Rm. 
R. Ac. Lino. Rd. 1 (1892) {Sem. 1) 149-. 

— (piezometer to compress and extend liquids). 
Pizzarello, A. N. Gim. 8 (1898) 266-. 

and dilatation. Amagat, E. H. G. R. Ill 

(1890) 871-. 
eliminating volume-change of containing 

vessel. Guillaume, C, £. Arch. Sc. Ps. 

Nt. 17 (1887) 177- . 
. Boguski, J. J. Kosmos 

(Lw.) 13 (1888) 243- ; Z. Ps. G. 2 (1888) 

120-. 
influence of heat of compression. Rdntgen, 

W. C. A. Ps. C. 45 (1892) 560-. 
Jamin's method, using Regnault*s manometer. 

Mees, R. A. Amst. Ak. Vs. M. 14 (1879) 

108- ; 15 (1880) 218-. 

VARIOUS LIQUIDS. 

Ammonium chloride solutions. Braun, F> 

A. Ps. G. 31 (1887) 331-. 
Aqueous chloride solutions. Schumann, M. 

A. Ps. G. 81 (1887) 14-. 
Ethyl alcohol, volume-extensibility. Worth- 

ingtan, A. M. [1892] PhU. Trans. (A) 183 

(1893) 355-. 

Hydrocarbons. Elenev, A. S. (xn) Rs. G. 

Ps. S. J. 5 {Pt. 1) (1873) 109-. 
~. Bartoli, A. Mil. I. Lomb. Rd. 28 (1895) 

1141-. 

— and alcohols, compressibility, tension co- 
efficients and specific heats. Pagliani, S, 
Rm. R. Ac. Lino. Rd. 5 (1889) (Sem. 1) 
885-. 

Mercury. Langlois, M. G. R. 103 (1886) 

1009-. 
— , compressibility, and elasticity of glass. 

Amagat, E. H. G. R. 108 (1889) 228-. 



Laws. Amagat, E. H. C. R. 115 (1892) 638-. — , — , solids. Amagat, E. H. J. de 

— . Tumlirz, 0. Wien Ak. Sb. 109 (1900) Ps. 8 (1889) 197-, 359-; A. G. 22 (1891)95-; 

(Ah. 2a) 837-. Par. S. Ps. S6. (1891) 102-. 

143 



0842 liqaidfly Compressibility 

Mercoiy, and glass.* Metz^ G, de, [1890] N. 

Bs. S. Kt. Mm, {Mth.) 13 (1891) 109- ; A. 

Ps. G. 47 (1892) 706-. 
Oils and colloids. Mettf O, O, de. Bs. Ps.-G. 

S. J. 22 (Ps.) (1890) 126- ; A. Ps. G. 41 

(1890) 668-. 
Organic liquids. Rdntgerit W. C. A. Ps. G. 

44 (1891) 1-. 
Potassium and calcium chlorides, solutions. 

Dreeker, J. A. Ps. G. 34 (1888) 952-. 
Saline solutions. Schneider, J. Giessen 

Oberh. Gs. B. 25 (1887) 1-. 

. GUbaidt, H, G. B. 114 (1892) 209-. 

— — , dilute, and solid sodium chloride. 

RiJntgen, W, C, dt Schneider, J. A. Ps. G. 

31 (1887) 1000-. 
Solutions. Oilbatdtt H, Toul. Fac. Sc. A. 11 

(1897) B, 63 pp. 
— , compressibility, relation to that of con- 
stituents. Braun, F. A. Ps. G. 32 (1887) 

504-. 
Sugar solutions. Tait, — . Edinb. B. S. P. 22 

(1900) 359-. 
Sylvin, rock salt, and potassium chloride 

solutions. ROntgen, W, C, ds Schneider, J. 

A. Ps. G. 34 (1888) 531-. 

Water, 

6r9ted, H. C. Kidb. Ov. (1817-18) 11-; 

Sohweigger J. 21 (1817) 348-. 
Perkins, J, Phil. Trans. (1820) 324-. 
(Perkins.) Deuchar, J, Tilloch Ph. Mg. 58 

(1821) 201-. 
(— .) Roget, P, M, Thomson A. Ph. 1 (1821) 

185. 
(— and Orsted.) Barlocci, S. G. Arcad. 20 

(1823) 338-. 
CUment, — . Par. S. Phhn. BU. (1823) 28-. 

6r$Ud, H. C, A. G. 38 (1828) 326-; Kidb. 
Ov. (1832-33) 16- ; Pogg. A. 31 (1834) 361- ; 

B. A. Bp. (1883) 353-. 

Bankine, W, J, M. Edinb. B. S. P. 8 (1857) 

58-. 
Anderesohn, A. D. Nf. Tbl. ('1868) 95-. 
Tait, P. Q. [1882] Edinb. B. S. P. 12 (1884) 

45-. 
Pagliani, S., <& Vicentini, G. (xn) By. Sc.- 

Ind. 15 (1883) 282 ; N. Gim. 16 (1884) 27-, 

161-. 
Tait, P. G. Edinb. B. S. P. 12 (1884) 757-. 
Langlois, M. G. B. 102 (1886) 1451-. 
Amagat, E. H, C, B. 104 (1887) 1159-. 
R^intgen, W. C, dt Schneider, J, A. Ps. G. 33 

(1888) 644-. 
Amagat, E. H, G. B. 116 (1893) 41- ; Par. S. 

Ps. S6. (1893) 145-. 
and alcoholic mixtures. Pagliani, S, Rm. B. 

Ac. Line. Rd. 6 (1889) (Sem. 1) 777-, 937. 
compressibility and elasticity. Araldi, M. 

Bologna Mm. I. It. 2 (1808) 327-. 
— , practical applications. Forbes, J, D. 

Edinb. N. Ph. J. 19 (1835) 36-. 

— ; and thermoelectricity. Orsted, H. C, 

Par. S. Phbn. Bll. (1823) 45-. 
compression bathometer. Regnard, P, Par. 

S. Bl. Mm. 46 (1893) (C. R.) 6-. 



Values of Densities 0845 

compression, progressive. PerHns, J, Phil. 

Trans. (1826) 541-. 
— , theoretical rule. Mac Kain, D. Glaqg. P. 

Ph. S. 1 (1841-44) 249-. 
elasticity. Btuse, F, G, van, Gilbert A. 20 

(1805) 504-. 
— , mechanical effects. Menshrugghe^ G, van 

der. By. Quest. Sc. 45 (1899) 580-. 
and ether. Amagat, E. H, G. B. 108 (1886) 

429-. 

— ethyl alcohol mixtures. Pagliani, 8,, dt 
Palazzo, L, Tor. Ac. Sc. At. 19 (MSSS) 
1017-. 

at high temperature. Bams, C. Am. J. Sc. 

41 (1891) 110-. 
incompressibility. Anderssohn, A. D. NL 

Tbl. (♦1868) 95-. 
and paratoluiaine. Htdett, G, A, Z. Ps. G. 

33 (1900) 237-. 

— salt solutions. Tait, — . Edinb. B. S. P. 
15 (1889) 84. 

at different temperatures. Rankine, W, J. M, 
Ph. Mg. 1 (1851) 548-. 



0845 Numerical Values of Me- 
chanical Quantities (Density, 
Oravitation^ etc.). 

DENSITY. 

(See aUo Chemistry 7115-) 

Air. Agamennonet G, Bm. B. Ac. Lino. Bd. 

I (1885) 111-. 

— , liquid, and its components. WroblewsH, S. 

G. B. 102 (1886) 1010-. 
— , — , — other liquefied gases. Ladenburg, A . , 

d^ Kriigel, C. Berl. B. 32 (1899) 46-, 1415-. 
Alcohol, pure. Pierre, J, I. G. B. 76 (1878) 

386-. 
— , table for dilution. Anon, Manoh. Mor. 

S. T. ri891) 74. 
Alloys, cnange in volume density. Kosmaim, 

B. Berg- Hm. Ztg. 54 (1895) 51-. 
Animal substances. Kapf, — , dt SchUbler, — . 

Erdm. J. Tech. G. 14 (1882) 89-. 
Argon and helium, density, refraotivity and 

viscosity. Rayleigh, (Lordi. B. S. P. 59 

(1896) 198-. 
Bismutn, fused. Roberts-Austen, W, C, db 

Wnghtson, T. L. Ps. S. P. 4 (1881) 195- ; 

Ph. Mg. 11 (1881) 295-. 
— , — , anomalous densities. Luedeking, C, 

St. Louis Ac. T. 5 (1892) 292-. 
Brass, zinc, copper and iron, homogeneity. 

Hennig, R. A. Ps. G. 27 (1886) 821- ; 

28 (1886) 696. 
GflBsium. Menke, A, E, Am. G. S. J. 21 

(1899) 420-. 
Gaicium sulphate. McCaleb, J, F, Am. G. J. 

II (1889) 36-. 

Carbon dioxide, solid and liquid. Behn, U, 

A. Ps. 3 (1900) 733-. 
Garbonic oxide, carbonic anhydride and nitrous 

oxide. Rayleigh, (Lord) . B. S. P. 62 (1898) 

204-. 



144 



0845 



Numerical Values of Densities 



0845 



Chlorine and hydroohlorio acid, density and 
molecular volome. LeduCj A. C. B. 116 
(1893) 968— 

CJoke. Tilden, W. A, S. C. In. J. 8 (1884) 
610-. 

Dilute aqueous solutions. Kohlrautch, F., db 
HaUwacha, W. Gott. Nr. (1893) 350- ; A. 
Ps. G. 53 (1894) 14-, 1092. 

£!arth and body consisting of all known 
elements, comparison of densities. Bartoli, 
A. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 1 (1885) 596-. 

, . Tolomei, O. 

[1897] Ven. I. At. (1897-98) 214-. 

Ebonite. Campanile, F. Nap. Bd. 33 (1894) 
63-. 

Ether, aqueous solutions, temperature of maxi- 
mum density. Nort.H. Mbl. Nt. (1895-96) 
79- ; Fschr. Ps. (1896) {Ab, 2) 250. 

— , carbon disulphide and alcohol, liquid. 
BatuUi, A, [1895] Tor. Ac. Sc. Mm. 45 

(1896) 235-. 

— , , — (Battelli). Mathia^, — . 

As. Fr. C. B. (1898) {Pt. 2) 172- ; N. Cim. 9 

(1899) 327-. 
Etnyl alcohol, aqueous solutions. MendeUef, 

D. C. S. J. 51 (1887) 778-. 
Ferroaluminium. Hogg, T. W. S. C. In. J. 

12 (1893) 239-. 
Oases at atmospheric pressure, density and 

molecular volume. Leduc, A. G. K. 125 

(1897) 703-. 

— ; and composition of air. LeduCy A. G. B. 
126 (1898) 413-. 

— ; water. LeduCy A, G. B. 116 

(1893) 1248-. 
— , influence of moisture. Thomson , T, 

Thomson A. Ph. 3 (1822) 302-. 
— , . Apjohiiy Jas. Thomson A. Ph. 

3 (1822) 385- ; 4 (1822) 195-. 
— , . Herapatht J. Thomson A. Ph. 

3 (1822) 419-. 

— , . Sylvester^ C, Thomson A. Ph. 

4 (1822) 29-, 360. 

— mixed with vapour. Herapath, J. Thomson 

A. Ph. 12 (1826) 97-. 

— , principal. RaylHgh, {Lord). B. S. P. 53 

(1893) 134-. 
Gems. Liversidge^ A. Am. G. S. J. 16 (1894) 

205-. 
Germanium and titanium, vapour density. 

Nilson, L. F., d- Fetter sson^ O. Z. Ps. G. 1 

(1887) 27-. 
Gold. Hatchett, C, Phil. Trans. (1803) 43-. 

— and silver coinage. Broch, O. J, As. Fr. 
G. B. 9 (1880)358-. 

Human body and sea-water, comparative 
gravity. Spencer, K. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 46 
(1815) 248-. 

Hydrogen. Rainy, H, Thomson A. Ph. 10 
(1825) 135-. 

— (Bainy). Thomson , T. Thomson A. Ph. 
10 (1825) 352-. 

— . Rainy, H. Thomson A. Ph. 11 (1826) 

187-. 
— . Staceicicz, T. Phm. Z. Bussl. 23 (1884) 

65-, 95. 

— desiccated by liquid air. Rayleigh, (Lord), 

B. 8. P. 66 (1900) 334-. 



Hydrogen and oxygen. Morley, E, W, [1895] 

Smiths. Gt. 29 (1908) Art. n, 117 pp. 
. Thomsen, J. Z. Anorg. G. 12 

(1896) 1-. 
, relative densities. Rayleigh, (Lord), 

B. S. P. 43 (1888) 856- ; 50 (1892) 448-. 
Iron and antimony alloys, density and specific 

heat. Laborde, J. G. B. 128 (1896) 227-. 
nickel alloys. HopHmon, J, B. 8. P. 

50 (1892) 121-. 
Isomorphous mixtures. Retgen, J. W, Z. 

Ps. G. 3 (1889) 497-. 
Lead. ReUh, F. Pogg. A. 109 (1860) 541-. 
— . Streng,A, Berg-Hm. Ztg. 20 (1861) 225-. 
Leads. Williams, C, P. Am. I. Mn. E. T. 5 

(•1876-77) 615-. 
Liquids. Nobile, A. [1829] Nap. At. I. Inc. 

5 (1834) 79-. 

— of venr high density. Platz, — . [1884] 
Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. Vh. 10 (1888) (fif6.) 42. 

Mean density. Ure, Andr, QJ. Sc. 4 (1818) 

151-. 
Mercury. Stewart, B. [1866] B. 8. P. 16 

(1867) 10-. 
— , solia. Tardy de la Brossy, — . Bb. Brit. 

30 (1805) 275-. 
— ,— . BtddU,J. GUbert A. 24 (1806) 885-. 
— , — . MaUet, J, W, [1877] B. S. P. 26 

(1878) 71-. 
-^ and water. GuiUaume, C. i. [1900] Sc. 

Abs. 4 (1901) 475-. 
Muddy liquids and nebulous gases. Oarcia de 

la Cruz, D. K. Bv. Sc. 3 (1895) 272-. 
Nitrogen. Ruyleigh, (Lord). Nt. 46 (1892) 

512-. 
— , anomaly in density. Rayleigh, (Lord). 

B. S. P. 55 (1894) 340-. 
— , atmospheric, and pure nitrogen and argon. 

Ramsay, W. B. S. P. 64 (1899) 181-. 

— dioxide. Leduc, A. G. B. 116 (1893) 822-. 

Nitrous oxide, ethylene and carbonic anhy- 
dride, liquefied, and their saturated vapours. 
CaiUeUt, L., dt Mathias, —. G. B. 102 
(1886) 1202-. 

Oxygen, liquid. Offret, J. A. G. 19 (1880) 

271-. 
— , — . Wroblewski, S. von. A. Ps. G. 20 

(1883) 860-. 
— , — , density and coefficient of expansion. 

OUzewsH, K. [1883] (xn) £rk. Ak. (Mt.- 

Prz.) Bz. & Sp. 11 (1884) li-. 

— ana nitrogen and argon; and composition 
of air. Leduc, A. G. B. 128 (1896) 805-. 

; — composition of air. Leduc, A. 

J. de Ps. 10 (1891) 37-. 
hydrogen. Leduc, A. G. B. 113 

(1891) 186-. 
; and composition of air. Leduc, 

A. J. de Ps. 1 (1892) 231-. 

— — , liquefied. CaUUtet, L., dt 

Hautefeuille, P. C. B. 92 (1881) 1086-. 

methane, liquefied. Olszewski, K. 

Krk. Ak. (Mt.-Prz. )B,z. 14(1886)181-, 197- ; 

A. Ps. G. 31 (1887) 58-. 
Phosphorus vapour. Dumas, J. B. A. G. 49 

(1832) 210-. 
Platinum. Hess, H. St. P^t. Ac. Sc. Mm. 1 

(1881) 587-. 



VOL. III. 



145 



0845 Values of Densities 

PlAtinam, iridium, and platinom-iridiom, 
physical properties. Sta$, — . Par. Poids 
et Mes. PV. (•1877) 6-. 

— metals and alloys, densities and expansions. 
Broch, O. J. Par. Poids et Mes. PV. (♦1877) 
20»-. 

Saline solutions. Gerosa, G. G., dt Mai, E. 

Bm. B. Ac. lino. Mm. 4 (1887) 134-. 
Salts, various. Clarke^ F. W, Am. J. So. 16 

(1878) 199- ; Berl. B. 12 (1879) 1398- ; Am. 

C. J. 5 (1883-84) 240-. 
Selenium. Schaffgottch, F. von, Berl. B. 

(1847) 422-; Pogg. A. 90 (1853) 66-. 
Soda and potsish, solutions. Pickering , S. U, 

Ph. Mff. 37 (1894) 359-. 
Sodium cnloride, pure. Unger, U, von, Erdm. 

J. Pr. C. 8 (1836) 294-. 
Solids, densities, influence of state of division. 

Schif, H. G. Ztg. 10 (1886) 430. 

— and liquids. Clarke, F. W, [1873] (n) 
Smiths. Misc. Col. 12 (1874) Art. 2, 272 pp. ; 
32 (1888) Art. 1, xi + 409 pp. 

Steam. TrdUes, J. G. Gilbert A. 27 (1807) 

400-. 
— . Schmedding, G. J. Pogg. A. 27 (1833) 

40-. 
— . Rankine, W. J. M. Glasg. T. I. Eng. 3 

(1859-60) 53-. 
— . Schmidt, G. Dingier 160 (1861) 262-. 
— . Rankine, W. J. M. [1862] (vm) Edinb. 

B. S. T. 23 (1864) 147-. 
Steel, effect of tempering. Fromme, C, A. 

Ps. C. 8 (1879) 352-. 
— , homogeneity. Gruner, P. A. Ps. C. 41 

(1890) 334-. 
SuDstances in solid state and in aqueous 

solution. GroshanSf J. A. Ph. Mg. 18 

(1884) 405-. 
Sulphur vapour. Biltz, — . Nt. 38 (1888) 229. 

. Schall, C. Berl. B. 33 (1900) 484-. 

, and progressive dissociation, liiecke, E. 

Z. Ps. G. 6 (1890) 430-. 
Sulphuric acid, concentrated. Kohlrausch, 

W. F, A. Ps. G. 17 (1882) 69-. 

— — , dilute, density and composition. 
Backer, A. W. Ph. Mg. 32 (1891) 304-; 33 
(1892) 204-. 

solutions. Pickering, S. U, Ph. Mg. 33 

(1892) 132-. 
Sulphurous anhydride as liquid and saturated 

vapour. CaiUetet, L., dbMathiat, E. J. de 

Ps. 6 (1887) 414-. 
Tellurium. Lenher, V., dt Morgan, J. L. R. 

Am. G. S. J. 22 (1900) 28-. 
Vapours at high temperatures. Sainte-Claire 

Deville, H., dt Troost, L. A. G. 68 (1860) 

257-. 

. Bott, W, B. A. Bp. (1888) 632-. 

. Scott, A. Edinb. B. S. P. 14 

(1888) 410-. 
— , saturated, and liquefied gases. CaiUetet, 

L., db Mathias, E. J. de Ps. 5 (1886) 649-. 
Wood, various kinds. Karmarsch, K. Wien 

Jb. Pol. I. 18 (1834) 120-. 
Woods, principal industrial. Filippo, P. Mil. 

S. It. At. 25 (1882) 105-. 
Zinc vapour. Men9ching, J., d' Meyer, V, 

Gott. Nr. (1887) 7-. 



Heat, General 0900 

GBAVITATION. 

{See Mechanics 0180, pp. 59-66.) 

HEAT. 

0900 OeneraL 

Perego, A. Brescia Gm. (1816-17) 58-. 
A.X. (VI Adds.) Silliman J. 10 (182Q 78-. 
Dave, H. W. (vi Adds.) Berl. Pol. Gs. Vh. 

17 (1856) 264-. 
Galonc (ponderabiUty). TiOoch, A. Tillooh 

Ph. yi%. 9 (1801) 158-. 

— hypothesis. Girard de Caudemberg, — 
Bordeaux Ac. Sc. S4. Pbl. (1831) 36. 

— , leading doctrines. Ure, Andr. Phil. TnuiB. 

(1818) 338-. 
— , mode of action. Prevost, P. Bb. Biii 

26 (1804) 205-, 309-. 

— and molecular mechanics. Girard de Cau- 
demberg, — . Dijon Ac. Mm. (1830) 5-, 
(livr. 2) 3-. 

— , received doctrines. TiUoch, A. [1799] 
TiUoch Ph. Mg. 8 (1800) 70-, 119-, 211-. 

— of vacuimi. Gay-Lussac, L, J. A. G. 18 
(1820) 304-. 

Heat, action on bodies, importance of study. 

Cantoni, G. Bm. B. Ac. Line. Bd. 7 (1891) 

(Sem. 2) 438-. 
— , early history. Rodwell, G. F, C. N. 20 

(1869) 184-. 
— , experiments, reflexions derived from. 

WUmch, {Prof.) — . Gilbert A. 26 (1807) 

289—. 
—^nature. P.,—. Tilloch Ph. Mg. 12 (1802) 

317-. 
— , ponderability. Rumford, B. {Count). Phil. 

Tians. (1799) 179-. 
— , — . Hombres-Firmas, L. A, d\ Gard Not. 

Tr. Ac. (1811) 138-. 
— , — . Moscati, P. Bb. Brit. 46 (1811) 

405-. 
— , — . TarbS de St. Hardouin, -^. Beims A. 

Ac. 1 (1843) 257-. 
^, synthesis. PicUt, R. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 2 

(1879) 460-. 
— , theory. Ostrogradsky, M, A. [1829] St. 

P6t. Ac. Sc. Mm. 1 (1831) 123-, 129-. 

— , — . Angstrom, A. J. Sk. Nf. F. 3 (1842) 

433-; Pogg. A. 88 (1853) 165-. 
— t — t and applications to arts and manu- 
factures. MacDonnell, A. [1873] Dubl. S. 

J. 6 (1875) 494-. 
— , — , Begnault's experiments. Bosscha, J, 

Amst. Ak. Vs. [1] (1893) 180-. 
Imponderables, theory. Bellaxntis, G. Ven. 

I. At. 1 (1874-75) 495-. 
— , — (Bellavitis). Rossetti, F. Ven. I. At. 1 

(1874-76) 779-. 
Physical and chemical phenomena at low 

temperatures. Pictet, R. G. B. 114 (1892) 

1246-. 
Temperature of lava erupted by Etna. Bartoli, 

A. Catania Ac. Gioen. BU. 29 (1892) 2-; 

Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 29 (1896) 363-. 



146 



1000 



Souroes of Heat 



1010 



SOURCES OF HEAT AND COLD. 

1000 General. 

Calorific power of some solid combustibles, 
determined by calorimeters of Mahler and 
Thompson. Cavazzi^A.^dtBaroni^G. [1895] 
Bologna Ac. So. Mm. 6 (1896-97) 217- or 
137-. 

— value of fuels, steam boiler tests as means 
of determining. Bobb, D, W, [1890] N. 
Scotia I. Sc. P. & T. 8 (1896) 9-. 

Cold. Payer, J. [1876] Wien Vr. Nw. Kennt. 

Schr. 16 (1876) 181-. 
Combustion, experiments and views. GroUhtu, 

T. von. Schweigger J. 9 (1813) 327-. 
Fire by compression of air. Accum, F. Tilloch 

Ph. Mg. 31 (1808) 130^. 

— making, methods. 'Hough, W. Smiths. 
Rp. (1890) (U. S. Nat. Ms. Rp.) 395-. 

Flame contact and heating of water. Fletcher, 

T. Nt. 34 (1886) 230-. 
Fuel, economic use on scientific principles. 

Prechtl.J.J. Haarl. Ntk. Vh. Mtsch. 3 (1806) 

1-. 
Heat developed by friction. Becquerel, A. C, 

C. R. 7 (1838) 363-; Par. Mm. de PI. 17 

(1840) 181-. 

— — — — . Htm, G. A., db Siguin, — . 
Moigno Cosmos 6 (1855) 679-. 

— — — — between liquids and solids. 
Matchke, O. A. Ps. C. 146 (1872) 431-. 

HEAT DEVELOPED ON MOISTENING 
SOLIDS, POUILLETS PHENOMENON. 

PouiUet, C. S. M. A. C. 20 (1822) 141-. 
Fibrous substances. Cobbett, L. Camb. Ph. 

S. P. 10 (1900) 372-. 
Porous solids. Cantoni, G. Mil. I. Lomb. 

Rd. 3 (1866) 135-. 
Powders. Meismer,F. A. Ps. C. 29 (1886) 114-. 
— . Martini, T. Yen. I. At. (1896-97) 502-. 
— . Lagergren, S. [1898] Stockh. Ak, Hndl. 

Bh. 24 (Afd. 2) (1899) No. 5, 14 pp. 
— . Martini, T. Yen. I. At. (1897-98) 927-. 
— . Ercolini, G. N. Cim. 9 (1899) 110-. 

— (Ercolini). Martini, T. N. Cim. 9 (1899) 
334-. 

— (Martini). Ercolini, G. N. Cim. 9 (1899) 
446-. 

— ^rcolini). Martini, T. N. Cim. 10 
(1899) 42. 

— . Martini, T. Yen. I. At. (1899-1900) 

(Pt. 2) 615-. 
-. Bellati,M. Yen. I. At. (1899-1900) (Pt. 2) 

931-. 

Heat equivalent of fossil combustibles, industrial 
apparatus for. Magnanini, G.,dbZunino, V. 
Mod. Ac. Sc. Mm. 2 (1900) 117-. 

— excited by solar rays. Rumford. B. (Count). 
[1805] Par. Mm. de PI. 6 (1806) 123- ; 
Gilbert A. 20 (1805) 177-. 

— , generation. Orsted, H, C.J Schweigger 
J. 5 (1812) 401-. 



Heat as introduction to study of tempemtore. 
Hjauvd, — . Fr. S. M^t. An. 44 (1896) 
189-. 

— and light, new means of prodncing. SuUi- 
van, J. L. Silliman J. 1 (1618) 91-. 

, production by compression. Hombrea- 

Firmoi, L. A, d\ Gard Not. Tr. Ac. (1811) 
176-. 

— produced by blast of air from bellows. 
Winter, R. Nicholson J. 18 (1806) 72-. 

. D.,K.H. (Yi Addt.) 

Nicholson J. 13 (1806) 170-. 

— — — compression of air. Bellani, A. 
Poligrafo 10 (1832) 321-. 

with platinum olaok. BeUani, A. Poli- 
grafo 10 (1832) 321-. 
— , souroes. Knoblauch, H, Pogg. A. 71 

(1847) 68-. 
— , — , natural and artificial. Daubrie, A. 

Par. S. Gl. BU. 4 (1846-47) 1066-. 
Ice caverns of Naye, Switzerland, origin of ice. 

Dutoit, — , dt Blanc, V, L. Laus. S. Yd. Bll. 

32 (1896) XXZ-. 
Magnetism, direct production of heat by. 

Grove, W. R. R. S. P. 6 (1849) 826-. 
Petroleum as source of power. Clark, N. B. 

Franklin I. J. 117 (1884) 341-. 
Regeneration of heat in gas ovens. Hennecart, -~. 

[1883] St. 6t. Bll. S. In. Mn. 18 ('1884) 198-. 
Sensible temperature. Prinsep, J. Gleanings 

Sc. 2 ri830) 137-. 
Ships* boilers, new method of closing in. 

Sjiktin, C. J. Stockh. Ak. Hndl. 27 (1806) 

94-. 
Solar heat, applications. Ligin, V. N. Rs. S. 

Nt. Mm. (Mth.) 4 (*1883). 

— — , mechanical effect on confined air. 
Mouchot, — . C. R. 59 (1864) 627. 

, use as motive force. Haro, A. Nancy 

S. Sc. BU. 3 (10« Ann.) (1877) 91-. 

— — , — with plane reflector. GUntner, C. 
[1875] Wien Ak. Sb. 72 (1876) (Ab. 2) 718-. 

, _ to replace fuel in certain countries. 

Mouchot, — . C. R. 67 (1868) 1182-. 
Temperature in flames. Mache, H. Wien 

Ak. Sb. 108 (1899) (Ab. 2a) 1162-. 
Terrestrial heat, cause determining reproduc- 
tion. Ponte,S.C. [1880] Catania Ac. Gioen. 

At. 16 (1881) 27-. 
Trials by nre, etc., apparatus for. Rochas d*Aig- 

lun, E. A. A. de. Rv. Sc. 4 (1882) 844-. 
Tyndall's ** Lectures on Force and Heat/' 

passage in. Heath, D. D. Ph. Mg. 26 

(1868) 681-. 



1010 Methods of Producing 
High Temperatures. 

(^See also 6090.) 

Debray, H. Presse Sc. 1 (1868) 59-. 
Goldtchmidt, H. [1898-99] Z. Angew. C. 

(1898) 821- ; Z. Elektch. (1699-1900) 53-. 
Lange, E. F. I. & S. I. J. (1900) No. 2) 

191-. 



U7 



k2 



1010 



Methods of Frodncmg High Temperatures 



1010 



AluminiTun, oombustion. Goldschtnidtf H, Z. 

Elektoh. (1897-98) 494-; Z. Angew. G. 

(1900) 919-. 
Apparatas for maintaining incandescence of 

platinum in water. Po^u^Ztn, — . G. B. 

113 (1891) 884-. 

— — rendering surgical instniment incan- 
descent. Bay, — . G. B. 113 (1891) 298-. 

Blast-furnace, tneoiy of use of hot air. VaUritUf 
H, Bnix. Ac. Bll. 39 (1876) 370-. 

Blow-pipe, new form. Paquelin, — . G. B. 
113 (1891) 303-. 

Bunsen flajne, constitution. Terqueni, A, 
Par. S. Ps. S^. (1880) 189-. 

— and monochromatic burners. Terquem, A. 
G. B. 90 (1880) 1484-. 

Galoriiactor, OugrimofF electric. Montpellier, 
J. A, [1900] Sc. Abs. 4 (1901) 92-. 

Gentral heating, Bamberg. Hoh, T, (xn) 
Bamb. Nf. Gs. B. (11) (1876) (Pt. 1, No. 2) 
16 pp. 

Ghimneys, utilisation of heat in. Edelcrantz, 
A. N. Stockh. Ak. Hndl. 33 (1812] 24-. 

Dense atmosphere, production oi hign tempe- 
rature in. CaiUeUt, L. G. B. 106 (1888) 
333-. 

Fireplaces, etc. Fourmy, — . J. de Ps. 84 
(1817) 406-. 

— , domestic, perfecting. Forestier, C. Toul. 
Ac. Sc. Mm. 7 (1875) 233-. 

— and field cooking apparatus. Sj'dsUn, C. J, 
Stockh. Ak. Hndl. 28 (1807) 235-. 

— used in barracks and hospitals, England. 
Monn, A. J. G. B. 59 (1864) 921-. 

Furnace, construction, use of incombustible 

material. Haase, F. H. Dingier 294 (1894) 

13-, 232-. 
— , dimensions of air passages. Langlade, — 

de, A. Mines 8 (1885) 172-. 
— , gas, new laboratory. R&ssler, H. Gztg. 

Opt. 6 (1885) 53. 
— , — , Ponsard's. P^.ru8€, J, S, Par. Ing. 

Giv. Mm. (1874) 752-. 
— , — , and regenerated heat. Krans, F, A. 

G6n. Giv. 3 (1874) 36-, 101-, 162-, 316-, 514-. 
— , — , regeneration of heat. BoischevcUier, A. 

de. G6n. Giv. 3 (•1882-83) 122-. 
— , — , Siemens' s. Damour, E. A. Mines 3 

(1893) 84-. 
— , — , — regenerative, use of peat in. Mac 

DanneU, A. [1874] Dubl. S. J. 6 (1875) 503-. 
— , — , temperature. PerUsS, J. S. Cuyper 

Bv. Un. 38 (1875) 269-. 
— , — , use of peat in, Motala, Sweden. Sebe- 

niut, J. L. Jem-Kont. A. 31 (1876) 227-. 
Gas and electricity as heating agents. Siemens, 

(Sir) C. W. Nt. 23 (1881) 326-, 351-. 
— , illuminating, as fuel. Baer, W. Halle Z. 

3 (1854) 380-, 471-. 

— stoves, improvements. Adams, J. Glasg. 
Ph. S. P. 12 (1880) 190-. 

— supply for heating and illumination. Sie- 
mens, (Sir) C. h . Nt. 24 (1881) 153-. 

Goldschmidt's experiments. Zehenter, J. 

Innsb. Nt. Md. B. 25 (1900) xn-. 
Heat, production and industrial utilisation. 

Gautier, F. [1883] G^n. Giv. 4 (♦1883-84) 

90-. 



Heat, production and industrial utilisation. 

Damour, E., dt WaUm^ — . G^. CIt. 81 

(1897) 66-, 115-. 
— , . Damour^ E. G^n. Civ. 81 

(1897) 324-, 405-, 417- ; 32 (1897-98) 4-, 

22-, 46-; 33(1898)108-. 
— ; utilisation m furnaces. Danumr, E. A. 

Gons. Arts et Mdt. 1 (1899) 51-. 
Heating apparatus (Pimont). BouUm, A . Bouen 

Tr. Ac. (1850-51) 72-. 
High temperature furnace. Gantt, H. L. 

Franklin I. J. 142 (1896) 458-. 
Hygrothermant for heating wine out of contact 

with air. Balld, M. Mth. Termt. Ets. 8 

(1885) 221- ; Mth. Nt. B. Ung. 3 (1884-85) 

255-. 
Intense heat from gas. Brewtter, (Sir) D. 

[1826] Edinb. J. So. 1 (1829) 104-. 
Lenses and mirrors for burning instruments 

and lighthouses. Brewster, (Sir) D. [1823- 

27] Edinb. Ph. J. 8 (1823) 160- ; Edinb. 

B. S. T. 11 (1831) 33-. ^ 
Producer-gas, formation. Akerman, R. Jem- 
Kont. A. 46 (1891) 321- ; Berg-Hm. Jb. 40 
(1892) 81-. 

Ship stove, improved. Collier, J. Tilloch 

Ph. Mg. 32 (1808) 119-. 
Steam, communication of heat by. PoUs, C 

Franklin I. J. 5 (1830) 395-. 
— , exhaust, waste heat utilisation. Aikmaon, 

J. [1878] Eng. S. T. (1879) 167-. 

— heating. A., L. S. M. A. das Sc. 12 (1821) 
52-. 

, avoidance of loss of steam. Scheeffer, A. 

Berl. Pol. Gs. Vh. 17 (1856) 124-. 

of liquids. Gueymard, i. A. Mines 5 

(1829] 363-. 
Stoves lor rooms, improvement. Chauvin, E. 

As. Fr. G. B. 12 (1883) 240-. 
Temperature, extremes, mechanical production. 

Solvay, E. G. B. 121 (1895) 1141-. 
— , — , . CaUletet, — . G. B. 121 (1895) 

1143-. 
— , — , . Solvay, E. G. B. 122 (1896) 

99-. 

— limits. Walden,P. Biga Gor.-Bl. 39 (1896) 
83-. 

— , photographic means of recording. Roberts- 
Austen, W. C. Phot. J. 20 (1896) 225-. 

— and pressure variables, long range. Barus, 

C. Am. As. P. (1897) 65-. 

— of rooms. Meidinger, — . [1896] Karlsruhe 
Nt. Vr. Vh. 13 (1900) (Sb.) 30-. 

Thermolamps for houses, manufactories, etc. 
Kretschmar, — . Gilbert A. 13 (1803) 498-; 
22 (1806) 85-. 

— and their first inventor. Gilbert, L. W. 
Gilbert A. 22 (1806) 61-. 

Warming apparatus. Pictet, M. A. Bb. Un. 

6 (1817) 166-. 
, theory. Boltshauser, G. A. A. G^n. 

Civ. 3 (1864) 514-. 

— of buildings, apparatus. Lanietz, — . Metz 
Ac. Mm. 65 (1887) 238-. 

— — — , comparison of different systems. 
Bacon, A. J. Br. Archt. T. (1880-81) 
105-. 



148 



1010 Heating 

Warming of buildings, Engliflh methods. 
DeeandoUe, A, P. Bb. Un. 40 (1829) 142-. 
by motive foroe and electric current. 

Lippmann, G. Lum. £lect. 11 (1884) 421-. 

— — — — steam. HempHnne, A, D. de, 
[1817] Brux. Mm. Cour. 1 (1818) 52 pp. 

, U. S. A. BHggt, R. [1882] 

I. CE. P. 71 (1883) 95-. 

carriages, etc., oy crystallised sodium ace- 
tate. Ancelin, A. C. B. 93 (1881) 309-. 

conservatories. Moll, G. Hall Bij. 5 

(1830) 121-. 

. Ainger, A, (xn) Gard. Chron. (1841) 

211-, 269-, 307-, 323-, 428-, 484-, 579-, 
683-, 843-. 

by steam. Bailey, W. (vi Adds,) 

Haarl. Ntk. Vh. Mtsch. 13 (1824) 199-. 

— by hot air, advantages and disadvantages. 
Fodar, J. [1881] (xn) D. Vjschr. Gsndhpfl. 
14 (1882) 118-. 

, apparatus. Ducrot, — . C. R. 76 

(1873) 1637-. 
water. Moll, O, Hall Bij. 6 (1831) 

354-. 
, best temperature and dimensions. 

Weist, T, Forster Al. Bauztg. 33-34 (1868- 

69) 395-. 
pipes. Colding, L. A, Kj6b. Ov. 

(1862) 25-. 
. Anderion, W. I. CE. P. 48 

(1877) 257-. 
, theoretical principles. Grcuhof, F. 

[1876] (xn) Karlsruhe Nt. Vr. Vh. 8 

(1881) 60. 

— of houses, development in future. Meyer, 
M, Erdm. J. Tech. C. 16 (1833) 307-. 

— — rooms. Arzherger, J. Wien Jb. PoL 
I. 17 (1832) 1-. 

. Otann, G. Erdm. J. Pr. C. 12 

(1837)48-; 16(1839)226-. 
with stoves. Blesion, L, Erdm. J. 

Tech. C. 18 (1833) 281-. 
. Meyer, M. Erdm. J. Pr. 0. 

2 (1834) 439-. 

— — school buildings, Munich. Forster, J., 
db Voit, E, Z. Bl. 13 (1877) 1-, 305-. 

— by steam, best temperature. Weiss, T, 
Fdrster Al. Bauztg. 33-34 (1868-69) 410-. 

— , use of gas. Eisner, R. W. Dingier 126 
(1852) 284-. 

— and ventilation, Vincennes Military Hospital. 
Grouvelle, P. A. G^n. Civ. 1 (1862) 9-. 

Water, heating from surface. Laborde, — . 

C. R. 73 (1871) 561-. 
— , — by waste steam (Woolf). Nicholson, W. 

Nicholson J. 2 (1802) 208-. 
Workshops, prevention of excessive heating. 

Deny, E, [1884] Mulhouse S. In. Bll. 55 

(1885) 5-. 



ReMgermtioa 1012 

1012 Methods of Producing 

Low Temperatures. 

(See abo 2495.) 

Olszewski, K, C. B. 101 (1885) 238-. 
Air cooling in warm climates. Smyth, C, P. 
[1849] Edinb. B. S. P. 2 (1851) 235-. 

— refrigerating machinery and its applications. 
Coleman, J, J, L CE. P. 68 (1882) 146-. 

Alcarazzas or Spanish water-cooling vessels. 

Lasteyrie, — . J. Mines 6 (1796-97) 791-. 
. (hiytcn de Morveau, L. B, 

A. C. 25 (1798) 167-. 
. Fabhrani, G, J. de Ps. 49 

(1799) 228-. 
Apparatus. Linde, C. A. Ps. G. 57 (1896) 

328-; G6n. Civ. 31 (1897) 35-, 51-; Z. 

Elektch. (1897-98) 2-. 
— , recording. Oibter, P. C. B. 96 (1883) 

1624-. 
Artificial cold, production. Pepys, W, H, 

TiUoch Ph. Mg. 3 (1799) 76-. 
, — . Goppert, H. R, Froriep Not. 25 

(1829) 85-. 
, — , and applications. Witz, A. [1891] 

Bv. Quest. Sc. 31 (1892) 78-. 

— — , — — use. Richard, G. A. Gons. 
Arts et M6t. 1 (1889) 133-. 

— — , use in exploitation of water-bearing 
strata. Schmidt, F, St. £t. Bll. S. In. Mn. 9 
(1895) 273-. 

Boiling oxygen as cooling agent. WroUewsH, 
S, von, Wien Az. 21 (1884) 6-; Mh. C. 

(1884) 47-. 

. Olszewski, K, Wien Aa. 22 

(1885) 129- ; Mh. C. (1885) 493-. 

Carbon dioxide, solid, physical properties. 

Nystrom, J. W: Franklin I. J. 70 (1875) 

355-. 
, — , properties. Villard, P., <t Jarry, R, 

C. B. 120 (1895) 1413- ; Par. S. Ps. S^. 

(1895) 177-. 
Cold air and freezing apparatus. Perkins, L. 

S. C. In. J. 8 (1889) 378-. 

— producing machine. Kirk, A, C. [1864] 
Glasg. T. L Eng. 8 (1865) 14-. 

— — , — . Lebrun, B, Bv. Un. Mines 18 
(1892] 324-. 

— , proauction, commercial. Armengaud, J, A . 

Bv. Sc. 18 (1880) 1028-. 
— , — , mechanical. Kirk, A, C, I. CE. P. 

37 (1874) 244-. 
^, — , — , by expansion of air. Armengaud, 

J, A, I. CE. P. 39 (1875) 435-. 
— , — by methyl chloride. Vincent, C Par. 

S. Ps. Sd. (1878) 20-; J. Phm. 80 (1879) 

132-. 
— , muriate of lime (calcium chloride). 

Walker, Rich, Phil. Trans. (1801) 120-. 
Compressed air, application. Schneebeli, H, 

[1875] Neuch. S. So. Bll. 10 (1876) 240-. 
Continuous process. Cailletet, L. C. B. 97 

(1883) 1115-. 
Cooling machine for laboratory. TuretHni, H., 

dt Pictet, R. Par. Poids et Mes. PV. (♦1875- 

76) 128-. 



149 



1012 Freezing Mixtures 

CiTOgen, for obtaining low temperatores by 

uquid carbon dioxide. CaiUetett — . Par. 

S. Pb. S^. (1891) 142-. 
Cryogenio laboratory, Leiden, work at. Kamer' 

Ungh Onnes, H. Amst. Ak. Vs. 8 (1895) 

164~. 

— and thermometrio application of carbon 
dioxide snow. Du BaU^ £f., dt WUU^ A, P. 
D. Pb. Ob. Yh. (1899) 168-. 

Freesing by expansion of air. Oiibert, L, W, 
Gilbert A. 18 (1804) 412-. 

— machines, new. PieUt, B, Arch. So. Ps. 
Kt. 18 (1885) 212-. 

, — arraxigements. Pictet, B. Arch. So. 

Ps. Nt. 18 (1885) 897-. 



FBEEZINQ MIXTUBES. 

Budorff, F. A. Ps. C. 122 (1864) 387-. 

Berthelot, Af. C. R. 78 (1874) 1178-. 

formed by acid and hydratea salt. DitUt A, 

C. B. 90 (1880) 1168-. 
. Berthelot, 3f. C. R. 90 

(1880) 1191-. 

— — carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide. 
Pietet, B. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 14 (1885) 570-. 

2 crystallised salts. Ditte, A, C. B. 90 

(1880) 1282-. 
ice and salt. MMinger^ H, Halle Z. 

Nw. 40 (1872) lOe-. 

— — snow and alcohol. Marchand, B, F. 
Erdm. J. Pr. G. 25 (1842) 253-. 

— — ^- — sulphuric acid. Pfaundler, L. 
Wien Sb. 71 (1876) (Ab. 2) 509-. 

— with solid carbon dioxide. Cailletet, L., 
dt CoUtrdeau, E. G. B. 106 (1888) 1631-. 

historical account. Lippmann^ E, O, von, 

Z. Angew. G. (1898) 739-. 
strong artificial. Marchand^ B. F, Erdm. J. 

Pr. G. 32 (1844) 499. 
theory. Potier, A. G. B. 101 (1885) 998. 



Refrigeration 1018 



Freezing by rapid evaporation. Le$lie, J. 

A. G. 78 (1811) 177-. 

(Leslie). ClSment^ — , dt Dii- 

ormes, —. A. G. 78 (1811) 183-. 

— water-logged deposits, Gobert process. Oo' 
bert, A. Brux. 8. Big. Gl. BU. (1897) IPV.) 
65-. 

Hoar frost produced by capillarity and evapo- 
ration. Deeharme, C. G. B. 86 (1878) 
1004-. 

Ice and cold, artificial production. Paulj B. H, 
QJ. Sc. 6 (1869) 197-. 

— machines. Schmidt, O,, dt Zeuner, O. 
Dingier 244 (1882) 89-. 

— — . CorsepiuM, — . Giving. 38 (1892) 
435-. 

, volatile liquids for. Seely, C. A, [1870] 

N. Y. Lyceum P. 1 (1870-71) 69-. 

Insulation of cold stores. Broum, F, D, [1897] 
K. Z. I. T. 80 (1898) 44-. 

Liquefied gases and low temperatures. Dessau, 

B. [1900] Ps. Z. 2 (1901) 20-, 87-, 60-. 
, use as cooling materials. Cailletet, L, 

G. B. 94 (1882) 1224- ; A. G. 29 (1883) 158-. 



Liquefied gases, use as cooling 

WrobUwski, S. von. Wien Ak. Sb. 91 (1885) 
{Ab. 2) 667-; Mh. G. (1888) 204-. 

— marsh gas, use. CaUleUt, L. G. B. 
98 (1884) 1565-. 

, — . WroblewsH, 8. 0. B. 99 (1884) 

186-. 

.— . CaiUeUt,L. Ph. Mg. 19 (1885) 66. 

Liquid air. Deioar, J. [1896] B. 1. P. 16 

(1899) 188-. 
^ — as analytical agent. Dewar, J. [1898] 

B. I. P. 16 (1899) 815-. 
•^ — and its applications. Bdforti, U. Bv. 

Sc.-Ind. 31 (1899) 65-. 
, scientific uses. Dewar, J, [1894] B. I. 

P. 14 (1896) 398-. 

— — , vacuum vessels. Dewar, J. [1898] 
B. I. P. 14 (1896) 1-. 

— hydrogen, etc., temperatures obtainable by 
free evaporation. Wroblewski, S, G. B. 100 
(1885) 979-. 

Mercury, congelation by ether. Marcet, A. 

Nicholson J. 34 (1813) 119-. 
Poetsch process (sinking shafts by previously 

freezing the ground). Saclier, — . St. £t. 

Bll. S. In. Mn. 11 (1897) 647-. 
at the Vicq pit. Saclier, — , dt Waymd, 

— . St. 6t. Bll. S. In. Mn. 9 (1895) 27-. 
Bapid production. Carmichael, H. [1882] 

Am. As. P. 31 (1883) 223-. 
Befrigerating apparatus. Linde, C, S. C. In. 

J. 13 (1894) 602-. 

— machines. Planet, E, de, Toul. Ac. So. 
Mm. 1 (1879) (Sem. 2) 246-. 

. Lightfoot, T. B, I. ME. P. (1886) 201-. 

Befrigeration. BickerUm, A, W. [1881] N. 
Z. I. T. 14 (1882) 394-. 

— of air, processes and applications. Jouglet, 
A. Mon. Sc. 15 (1873) 275-. 

— , artificial. Gamgee, J. U. S. Fish Gom. 
Bp. 5 (1879) 901-. 

— and ice-making machines. Selfe, N, N. 8. 
W. B. S. J. 80 (1897) xxxii-. 

— by liquids at low temperatures. Schloeting, 
T. G. B. Ill (1890) 85-. 

— , mechanical, bibUography. Bourne, J. 
I. GE. P. 37 (1874) 271-. 

— for preservation of foods. Tolson, J. [1886] 
Queensl. B. S. P. 8 (1887) 49-. 

Befrigerator. Osann, O, Wiirzb. Vh. 6 (1865) 

410-. 
— . Carre, E. G. B. 64 (1867) 897-. 

— for brewers* wort. Davison, B. (vi Adds.) 
GE. I. P. 1 (1841) 57-. 

— with volatile liquids not miscible at low 
temperatures. PicUt, B. C. B. 100 (1886) 
829-. 

Temperature of water in freezing mixture. 
Gough, J. Nicholson J. 13 (1806) 189-. 

Temperatures under -100°, production and 

effects. Pictet, B. Gztg. Opt. 12 (1891) 276-. 
Water, artificial freezing. Deeourdemanche, 

— . J. Phm. 11 (1825) 584-. 
— , freezing by ether. Hare, B. Sturgeon A. 

Electr. 5 (1840) 151-. 
— , — , new method. Leslie, J. Thomson A. Ph. 

9 (1817) 412- ; TiUooh Ph. Mg. 61 (1818) 411-. 



150 



1014 Methods of Frodndng Constant Temperatures. Thermostats 101^ 



Water, freezing by sulphurio acid. Hare, R, 
Philad. Coll. Phm. J. 6 (1835) 91-. 

— , and ether.* Hare, R, [1838- 

40] Sturgeon A. Electr. 2 (1838) 400- ; 
Am. Ph. S. T. 7 (1841) 215-. 

1014 Methods of Producing Con- 
stant Temperatures. Thermo- 
stats. 

FoersUr, W, Par. Poids et Mes. PV. (♦1875- 

76) 128- ; (♦1877)245-. 
Crew, H, Ph. Mg. 33 (1892) 89-. 
Oowy, — . C. R. 117 (1893) 96-. 
Apparatus. Merryweather, O. Edinb. N. Ph. 

J. 14 (1833) 360-. 
— . KoMratuch, F, A. Pa. C. 125(1865)626-. 
— . Cody, H. P. J. Ps. C. 2 (1898) 242-. 

— {calor^hres hfeu continu), Pelet, L. Laus. 
8. Vd. Bll. 34 (1898) 243-. 

— for maintaining constant temperature above 
100°. UUch, K. Z. Vr. Riibenzuckin. 40 
(1890) 1039-. 

— — obtaining constant temperature water 
current. Pulfrich, C, Z. Instk. 18 (1898) 
49-. 

Automatic maintenance of constant temperature 
in chamber. Arsonval, A. d*. C. B. 107 
(1888) 194- ; Par. 8. Bl. Mm. 40 (1888) (C. R.) 
630-. 

— regulation. Cehyiev, (LU-Oen,) V, L, Bs. 
Ps.-C. 8. J. 28 [Ps.) (1896) 66-. 

and registration. Parenty, H, » dt Bricard, 

R, C. R. 122 (1896) 919-. 
Ck)nstant high temperatures in metallic vapour 

baths. Barus, C, db Hallock, W, U. 8. 

Gl. Sv. Bll. No, 54 (1889) 56-. 

— temperature from 100° to 700°. Bodenstein, 
M. Z. Ps. C. 30 (1899) 113-. 

— — , d'Arsonval's method of maintaining. 
Neesen, F. [1882-83] (xn) Berl. Ps. Gs. 
Vh. 1 (1882) 39- ; 2 (1884) 29. 

inbuUdings. WUd^H. [1885] 8t. P6t. 

Ac. Sc. BU. 30 (1886) 363-. 
and pressure, maintenance. Brown, F. D, 

[1879] L. Ps. 8. P. 3 (1880) 68- ; Ph. Mg. 7 

(1879) 411-. 
Heat regulation, thermoelectric. Regaud, C, 

dt Fouilliand, R, J. PI. Pth. G^n. 2 (1900) 

457-. 
Hot blast, equalisation of varying temperatures. 

Ojert, L. F., dt Harrison, J, H, I. A 8. I. 

J. (1900) (No. 1) 154-. 
Incubator with electromagnetic arrangement 

for constant temperature. Landois, C.C.A. L. 

N.-Vorp. Mt. 12 (1880) 81-. 
Oil bath, convenient form. Evans, W. P. 

[1897] N. Z. I. T. 30 (1898) 495-. 
R^ulation of temperature. Prytz, K, K}gfh. 

Ov. (1892) 142-; Fschr. Ps. (1892) (Ab. 2) 

249. 
Regulator (Sir J. HalPs). HaU, B. [1833] Gl. 

8. P. 1 (1834) 478-. 
*-. Benoit, R. Par. 8. Ps. 84. (1879) 6-. 
— . Arsonvai, A. d\ C. R. 92 (1881) 76-. 
— . Dupetit, — . [1884] Bordeaux 8. 8c. 

Mm. 2 (1886) xxvii-. 



Regulator. Soret, C. [1884] Aroh. 8o. Ps. 

Nt. 13 (1885) 70-. 
— . Danvin, H. Kt. 38 (1886) 596-. 
— , electrical. Orassini, R. Rv. Sc.-Ind. 32 

(1900) 27-. 
— , gas. Sehrwald, E. Z. Ws. Mkr. 5 (1888) 

831— 
_, __.* Weiss, G. Par. 8. Bl. Mm. 49 (1897) 

(C. R.) 88. 
— , — , and thermostat for incubators. Hey- 

denreich, L. Z. Ws. Mkr. 9 (1892) 299-. 
— , metastatic. Randolph, N. A. Franklin 

I. J. 118 (1884) 178-. 
—, new. ivory, F. G. Mcr. 8. J. (1898) 

478-. 
— , selenium photo-electric. Germain, P. G. R. 

91 (1880) 688-. 

— and thermograph. Baumhauer, E. H, von. 
Arch. N6erl. 19 (1884) 297-. 

— for warming by steam. Fischer, Herm. 
Dingier 234 (1879) 161-. 

— of wide range. GumUeh, E, Z. Instk. 18 
(1898) 317-. 

Regulators. Brown, J. T. Nt. 26 (1882) 114-. 
— . Biervliet, — van. Bruz. 8. 8c. A. 12 

(1888) {Pt. 1) 75-. 
^. Riehrbeck, H. D. Nf. Tbl. (1889) 721-. 

THERM08TAT8. 

Ure, Andr. R. 8. P. 3 (1831) 67. 
Guthrie, Fred. Ph. Mg. 36 (1868) 80-. 
(Hipp*8.) Hirsch, A. Carl Rpm. 4 (1868) 

200-. 
Laspeyres, E. A. H. A. Ps. C. 152 (1874) 

182-. 
Baur, C. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1886) 44-. 
Pemet, J. Berl. Ps. Gs. Vh. (1886) 55-. 
Arsonval, A. d\ C. R. 107 (1888) 194- ; Par. 

8. Bl. Mm. 40 (1888) (C. R.) 530-. 
(d»Ar8onval*s.) Rohrbeek, H. D. Nf. Tbl. 

(1888) 1. 
Michel, A. Par. 8. Bl. Mm. 44 (1892) (C. R.) 

932-. 
electric. Dumoncel, T, [A. L.] G. R. 88 

(1854) 1027-. 
— . KurHnskij, V. P. [1891-98] Kiev 8. Nt. 

Mm. 12 (2) (1892) xlvii-; Fsohr. Ps. (1898) 

(Ab. 2) 272-. 
— . Whitney, W. R. Am. As. P. (1897) 127. 
— . Duane, W., dt Lory, C. A. Am. J. 8o. 

9 (1900) 179-. 
— , for bacteriological incubator. Hanfland, F. 

Z. Ws. Mkr. 17 (1900) 440-. 
with electric heating to 500°. Rothe, R. Z. 

Instk. 19 (1899) 148 -. 
regulator. Gouy, — . J. de Ps. 6 (1897) 

479-. 
existing forms. Hammerl, H. Carl Rpm. 18 

(1882) 809-, 885-, 441-. 
gas. Edwards, A.M. A. C. 25 (1872) 890-. 
without gas. Karawaiew, W, Z. Ws. Mkr* 

18 (1896) 172-. 
, modification. Karawaiew, W. Z. Ws. 

Mkr. 18 (1896) 289-. 
gas pressure regulator for. Kmidsen, L. 

[1884] Kj0b. Carlsb. Lb. Mdd. 2 (1886) 184- 

\R4s. 78-). 



151 



1200 Thermometry 

gas pressare regulator for. MurrUl, R. Mor. 

S. J. (1898) 480-. 
improyement. BlUtncke, A. A. Pa. G. 25 

(1886) 419-. 
~. Qolicyn, (Prince) B, B, St. P^t. Ao. So. 

BU. 7 (1897) XV-. 
for incubation and artificial digestion experi- 
ments. Bandolph, N, A, Franklin I. J. 86 

(1888) 465-. 
mioroeoope work. Koch, A. Z. Ws. 

Mkr. 10 (1893) 161-. 
self -regulating (without gas or electricity). 

LandoU, L. N.-Vorp. Mt. 24 (1892) SO-, 
simple. Beichert, E. A. Ps. C. 144 (1872) 

467-. 
— and sensitive. Andreae, O, [J*.?] L. (xn) 

Mbl. Nt. 8 (1878) 98-; (ix) A. Ps. C. 4 

(1878) 614-. 
— , working by gas pressure. BaumhaueVf 

E. H, von. G. B. 99 (1884) 370-. 
for temperatures between 50° and 800°. 

Mahlke, A. Z. Instk. 13 (1893) 197-. 



THERMOMETBT. 

1200 General. 

Cotte, L. J. de Ps. 68 (1809) 132-, 222-. 
Egen, P. N. C, Pogg. A. 11 (1827) 276-, 335-, 

517- ; 13 (1828) 33-. 
Pemet, J. Garl Bpm. 11 (1875) 257-. 
MUU, E, J. Ph. Mg. 6 (1878) 62-. 
Crafti, J. M, G. B. 91 (1880) 674-. 
MiUi, E, J. Edinb. B. S. T. 29 (1880) 567- ; 

Ph. Mg. 12 (1881) 142-. 
Brottm, F, D. L. Ps. S. P. 5 (1884) 116-; 

Ph. Mg. 14 (1882) 57-. 
Gerland, E. Eassel Vr. Nt. Festschr. (1886) 

62-. 
WaUer, B. Z. Instk. 12 (1892) 342-. 
Buimann, — . [1897] Westf. Vr. Jbr. (1897- 

98) 143-. 
Cole, A, S,y(Jt Durgan, E. L. Ps. Bv. 4 (1897) 

217-. 
Chree, C. Nt. 58 (1898) 304- ; Ph. Mg. 45 

(1898) 205-, 299-. 
Aneroid-thermoscope, lecture demonstration 

apparatus. Kar$ten, G. [1889] Schl.- 

Holst. Nt. Vr. Schr. 8 (1891) 17-. 
Barometer, formula for use as thermometer. 

ViUeneuve, — {comU) de, Fr. Gg. Sc. 33 

(1866) 339-. 
GapiUary corrections to pressure and tempera- 
ture measurements. Pemet, J. Z. Instk. 

6 (1886) 377-. 
Glass, change in properties. Weber, R, Par. 

Bll. S. G. 1 (1864) 305-. 
— , "Jena normal." Wiebe, H. F, Z. Instk. 

6 (1886) 167-. 
— , permeability by gases. Bartoli, A, Bm. 

B. Ac. Line. T. 8 (1884) 337-. 
— I physical properties. SchoU, O, Z. Instk. 

11 (1891) 330-. 
Heat, fundamental laws, and true measure of 

temperature. Schitko, J. Baumgartner Z. 

4 (1828) 436-; 6 (1829) 138-. 



Measuremeat of Tempentun 1200 

Heat, measurement, new method. JffiUer- 

Erzhach, — . Gztg. Opt. 10 (1889) 14-. 
High temperatures. Saint-Edme, E. Gosmoe 

22 (1863) 754-. 
, experiments. PouiUet, C, S, M, G. B. 

3 (1836) 782-; Pogg. A. 39 (1836) 544-, 

567-. 
— — and vaporisation of carbon. Berthdoi^ 

— . G. B. 115 (1892) 1275-. 



MEASUREMENT OF TEMPERATURE. 

PoUet, — . Amiens Bfm. Ac. (1848) 89-. 
FUvet, E. Guyper Bv. Un. 19 (1866) 806-. 
Boischa, J. Les Mondes 21 (1869) 720-, 761-. 
Recknagel, Q. A. Ps. G. Ergdm. 6 (1874) 

275-. 
DragoumUt E. J. Berl. B. 10 (1877) 1648-. 
CdUendar, H. L. [1886] Phil. Tians. (A) 178 

(1888) 161-. 
Weber, C. L. Gztg. Opt. 11 (1890) 88-, 111-. 
Accuracy. Ren(m, E. G. B. 109 (1889) 895-. 
— . Ouillaume, C, i, G. B. 109 (1889) 963-. 
Air temperature. Dvfour, C, Aroh. Sc. Ps. 

Nt. 4 (1897) 344-. 
Atmosphere in sunshine. Aymonnet, — . G. 

B. 87 (1878) 23-. 
Gyclically varying temperature. BunUM, H, 

F. W. L. Ps. S. P. 13 (1895) 579-; Ph. Big. 
40 (1895) 282-. 

Flame of water-gas. BUus, E. [1892] Nt. 47 

(1892-93) 113. 
— (Blass). Kumakow, N, Fsohr. 

Ps. (1893) (Ab. 2) 309. 
High and solar temperatures. Sainte-CUUre 

DevilU, H. G. B. 74 (1872) 145-. 
. Callendar, H, L, [1899] B. I. 

P. 16 (1902) 97-. 
— temperatures. Biot, J, B, J. Mines 17 

(1804) 203-. 
. Pnnsep, J, [1827] Phil. Trans. (1828) 

79-. 
. Pouillet, C. S. M. Froriep Not. 24 

(1829) 39-. 
. Erman, A,, dt Herter, P. Pogg. A. 

97 (1856) 489-. 
. Sainte-Claire DevUle, H., dt Troott, L. 

G. B. 66 (1863) 977-. 

. Becquerel, E, G. B. 57 (1863) 855-. 

(Becquerel). Sainte-Claire DevilU, H, 

G. B. 57 (1863) 894-. 

. Becquerel, E. G. B. 57 (1868) 925-. 

. Berthelot, M, Par. Bll. S. G. 8 (1867) 

387-; A. G. 13 (1868) 144-. 

. Fischer, F. Dingier 230 (1878) 319-. 

. Sainte-Claire Deville, j6, H,,dt Troost, 

L. G. B. 90 (1880) 727-, 773-. 
. Selivanov, T, Bs. Ps.-G. S. J. 28 

(Pi.) (1891) 152- ; J. de Ps. 1 (1892) 134-. 

. BaruB, C. Ph. Big. 34 (1892) 1-. 

. Le ChaUlier, H. Bv. Sc. 49 (1892) 

162-. 
. Roberts-Atuten, W, C. I. GE. P. 110 

(1892) 152-. 
. Berghaut, A, Gztg. Opt. 14 (1898) 

121-. 



152 



1200 Thermometers 

High temperatures. Deny, 6, Molhouse S. 

In. BU. 64 (1894) 859-. 
. B^guin, L, GWn. Civ. 28 (1895-96) 

388-. 
. Boudouard, — . Z. Angew. C. (1900) 

794. 
. OrUnhut, — . [1900] Nass. Vr. Jb. 54 

(1901) xi^. 
Liquids, oorreotion for, in case of insufficient 

immersion. Ferrini, R, Mil. I. Lomb. Bd. 

8 (1875) 141-. 

— and solids. Botelho de Lcuitrda, C. Lisb. 
Mm. Ac. Sc. 5 (1818) (pU, 2) 28-. 

Low temperatures. Povillett C. S, M. C. B. 

4 (1837) 513-. 

. CaUletet, L., dt Colardeau, E. C. B. 

106 (1888) 1489- ; Par. S. Ps. 86. (1888) 

295-. 
. Guillaumet C. i. Arch. Sc. Ps. Nt. 

20 (1888) 396-. 
. Holbanit L., dt Wien, W, A. Ps. 0. 

59 (1896) 213- ; Berl. Ak. Sb. (1896) 673-. 
. Kamerlingh OnneSf H. Amst. Ak. Vs. 

5 (1897) 37-. 79- ; J. de Ps. 9 (1900) 128. 
. Kamerlingh Onnes, H.y dt Boudin, M, 

[1900] Amst. Ak. Vs. 9 (1901) 224-, 308; 

Amst. Ak. P. 3 (1901) 299-, 374. 
Solid homogeneous body. Betti, E. Mod. 

Mm. S. It. 1 {pte, 2) (1868) 165-. 
Sources of error. Schiltt, — . Z. Angew. C. 

(1897) 96-. 
Temperature determination in a given time, 
• of variable source of heat. Indra, A. Wien 

Ak. Sb. 105 (1896) {Ab. 2a) 823-. 

— and time, measurement, analogy between. 
Macgregor, J. G, [1887] N. Scotia I. Sc. P. 
A T. 7 (1890) 20-. 

Thermometers, 

Schultes, J. A. (}ehlen J. 5 (1808) 729-. 
BellatU, A. Poligrafo 9 (1832) 169-. 
DobrzyHski, F, Kosmos (Lw.) 9 (1884) 712. 
MUller-Un, R. Braunschw. Vr. Nt. Jbr. (10) 

(1897) 35-. 
behaviour in vacuum. Loewy, B, B. S. P. 

17 (1869) 319-. 
centigrade, fixing boiling point. Ahhadie, A, 

T. d\ C. B. 40 (1865) 847-. 
— , — . MelandeTf G, Helsingf. 6fv, 

33 (1891) 230-. 
— , general use. Uhde, A, D. Nf. Vsm. B. 

(1841) 151-. 
construction. Penalver, J, L, de, Madrid A. 

H. Nt. 2 (1800) 143-. 
~. Landriani, M, BrugnatelH G. 2 (1819) 

292-. 
^. Rudherg, F. Stookh. Ak. Hndl. (1834) 

354-; Pogg. A. 37 (1836) 376-; 40 (1837) 

39-, 562-. 
and definition of temperature. Potter, R, Ph. 

Mg. 24 (1862) 447-. 
D^uc»s. Legrand, — . C. B. 71 (1870) 66. 
general, arrangement. Markiewicz, R. Erk. 

Boczn. Uniwers. 1 (1817) 123-. 
improved. Rutherford, D, [1790] Edinb. B. 

S. T. 3 (1794) 247-. 



Thermometers 1200 

improvemenjts. Bahhini, G, Firenze A. Ms